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Sprague's Journal 
of Maine History 


MAY 1914 — MAY 1915 



Editor and Publisher 


.-?^^ r 




X G93.S5;.* 


(Courtesy of KomiflK-c Journal.) 

This hiiiUlin;;. fornu-rly the barratks, is what remains of the old fortitication erected 
about 175i-4 by the IMymouth Company. L'pon its north end is a bronze tablet with the fol- 
low in? insi-ription: 


Erected by 



Capt. James Howard Commandant 

Tablet i)lace<l by the Koussinoc Chapter 

Daughters of the American Revolution 

Th.' oriffinal structiire sva< tIescri>H.'d a-, follows: Four bl(K-kliousos two stories lii?h, two 
ofwhidi ucrc alKiut .'I feet scjuare. the others about \i feet >Mii;i''t-'. Those block houses 
staiul at tin- four corners (if the pickrt work. 1.")') ftet s(<uare. composed with a row of open 
pickets round two squares, within the al)o\e picket work. The house about 100 feet long:, 
anfl a»K)ut .1.' ftvt wi(h\ built of hewed timlK-r. anil two stories high.* 

•Collections of the Maine Historical Society. Vol. «, p. 201. 

C O X T E N T S 

Maine Map-Makers and 
Their Maps, 3 

Mount Kineo and th^' Maine 

Summer Resort Industry, 10 

Owners of Maine Lands VVhen 

Maine Became a State, 16 

Baker of Madawaska, .26 

Extracts From the Diary of 

Reverend Samuel Dean, 27 

Social Compact to Secure Inde- 
pendent Government, by Wells, 
Gorgeana and Piscataqua 28 

Descendants of Josiah Clark of 
Dover, N. H., 29 

Aroostook War Documents, 31 

Maine Genealogists, 34 

Maine Society of the Sons of 

the American Revolution, 35 

The Battle of Lovell's Pond, 36 

Governor Edward Kavanagh, 37 

Editorial — History in Our 

Schools, ..40 

Notes and Fragments, 41 

Mortuary, 46 

Bagaduce, 52 

Sayings of Subscribers, 53 

Sir Hiram Maxim, 55 

Information Wanted, 55 

Order for Subm.ission of the 
Province of Maine, by the 
General Court of Massa- 
chusetts Bay, 56 




Sprague's Journal of Maine History 

Vol. II MAY, 1914 No. 1 

Maine Map-Makers and Their Maps 


Osgood Carleton 
By Edgar Crosby Smith 

Osgood Carleton was the most celebrated map-maker of his 
time and the man who made the first map of Maine that had any 
claim to completeness and accuracy. 

He was born in Nottingham, New Hampshii-e, June IT, 1741. 
He was the eldest son of Jeremiah Carleton, who was the son of 
Joseph Carleton of Newbury, Massachusetts, Jeremiah moved 
from Newbury to Lyndeborough, New Hampshire, when a young- 
man, and later to Nottingham, where Osgood was born. His 
mother was Eunice Taylor, and his grandmother was Abigail 
Osgooil, whence his Christian name. 

Material from which to gather information regarding the 
early life of Mr. Carleton is very meager, and it is impossible to 
give anything like an extended and chronological sketch of his life. 
\\'e learn from the Ma>>achusetts Archives that he enlisted ^lay 2, 
17o8, as a private and served seven months for the "Reduction of 
Canada;'* he is especially mentioned as being the son of Jeremiah 
Carleton. His residence is there given as Litchfield, and that of 
his father, Woburn. He served in the regiment of Colonel 
Kleazer Tyng, attached to the command of General Jeffry Amherst. 
He again enlisted Januarv 1, 1760, and was a member of the 
company of Captain Joseph Newhall, in the regiment commanded 
by Colonel Jacob liavley. The regiment was stationed at Louis- 
burg, fie ua.s discharged in Deceml^er of that year. These 
enlistments and discharges do not go to show how long he was in 
tfu' service, but simply establish the fact of his government service 
'H-voiul any controversy. It is certain that he was connected with 
'ne army for a much longer period than is indicated by these 



Being stationed at Louisburg brought him under the notice of 
Major General John Henry Rastide. who was director and engineer 
of the King's ordnance at Louisburg and AnnapoHs, and an 
eminent engineer. It was while here in Nova Scotia that ]\Ir. 
Carleton's natural ability and aptitude for mathematics and 
engineering was first noticed and recognized, and he was made a 
member of the working force of the navigators and artillerists of 
the King's army and navy. 

It is said that he was a member of General Bastide's 
household, and was under his instruction while in the Provinces 
and on the high seas for a period of about five years. Much 
wonderment has been expressed and speculation made as to where 
Mr. Carleton's knowledge of engineering and navigation was 
acquired, but being the apt scholar that he was, and the long- 
service with General Rastide. seems a sufficient explanation. 

His military connections and service in the King's employ 
gave him a wide experience, not ordy in that which afterward lie 
made his profession, but in the political affairs of the time, and it 
was a substitute for a liberal education. Aftei* leaving the army 
he was for a time a surveyor of the Province of New Hampshire. 

Notwithstanding his years of service with the British govern- 
ment and his close association with officers of the Royal army, and 
the many friendships that he had there formed, Osgood Carleton 
was a patriot, and responded to his country's call at the beginning 
of the War of the Revolution. At first he was in Captain John 
Wood's company, in the regiment commanded by Colonel Paul 
Dudley Sargent; he took part in the battle of Bunker Hill, where 
also was his brother David, who was killed. In 1776 he was 
quartermaster of the Sixteenth Continental Infantry. Later, Janu- 
ary 1, 1777, he was promoted to a lieutenancy. He was not of 
robust enough constitution to stand the hardships of the long cam- 
paigns, and in the fall of 1779 was transferred to the Corps of Invalids. 
After being attached to this division of the army he was employed 
principally in carrying despatches between Boston and Philadelphia, 
and in transporting money for the use of the Continental Congress 
and the army. 

Not long after the close of the War of Independence he 
established in Boston a school of instruction in navigation. 


mathematics and cartography, and for twenty-five years this was 
the leading school of its kind in this part of the country, if not in 
the whole country. He had pupils from all parts of New England, 
and as a teacher and map-maker he was in the foremost rank. 

Aside from his maps of Maine, of which I give an account 
below, he compiled maps of Massachusetts, one in 1798, and 
another in 1801, and a map of Boston in 1795. He published 
the American Navigator in 1801, and the South American Pilot in 
1804. In 1810 he published his Practice of Arithmetic. The 
American Pilot, published by John Norman in 1791, was compiled 
under his supervision, and was a work that required a great amount 
of labor, being the first of its kind produced in this countr}' upon 
which much reliance could be placed by mariners. For a number 
of years he published an almanac, the astronomical calculations of 
which were exact and valuable. 

As a map-maker Osgood Carleton was a leader in his time. 
The art of map making was in its infancy on this continent when 
he commenced his work. His instruments were crude, and accurate 
surveys of territory delineated were seldom made. Material for 
maps was gathered from different sources, widely separated, and 
made by many different persons, and to place them together to 
make one complete whole was a difficult undertaking. Yet he 
succeeded, and his work still stands as a monument to his skill and 
untiring energy. 

He married Lydia Johnson of Haverhill, Massachusetts. The 
following named children were born to them : Osgood, John and 
David. He lived to attain the age of 7o years, and died at 
Lyndeborough, New Hampshire, in May or June, 1816, while there 
on a visit. His widow was granted a pension on account of her 
husband's service in the Revolutionarv War. 

The Carleton Maps 

These maps are famous, and on account of their making 
Osgood Carleton became so connected with tlie history of the 
<listrict of- Maine, that his name will always ' hold a prominent 
position on the roll of honor of our State. 


I have consulted all the authorities that 1 could find in relation 
to the maps, and I discover the number of editions invariably given 
as four, 1795, 1798, 1799 and 1802. and all supposedly of the 
same size, but each edition corrected to date from the latest and 
best sources of information. Mr. Williamson in his bibliography 
gives this item under title 5816: '*An accurate map of the 
district of Maine, being a part of the commonwealth of Massachu- 
setts; compiled pursuant to an act of the general court from actual 
surveys of the several towns, etc. Taken by their order. By 
Osgood Carleton. Boston ; published and sold by O. Carleton and 
J. Norman. Sold also by William Norman, No. 75 Newbury 
street. (1795)."* In a note he gives the size as fifty-four by 
thirty-nine, and says the same was publishetl in other editions in 
1798, 1799 and 1802. (Hiier authorities previous to Williamson 
have made the same statements. I believe these statements are 
errors in a measure, not in the number of editions, but in the size 
of the maps. I am satisfied from my researches relating to the 
matter that only two large maps of Maine, of the size indicated 
by Williamson, were ever published by Carleton. and as I continue 
I will give the reasons that to me seem conclusive. 

The first map of Maine published by Mr. Carleton, and one 
unknown to most collectors, is a very small one. ten and five-eighths 
by eight in size, bearing the inscription, *'The District of Maine 
from the Latent Surveys. (). Carleton. Delin." This map was 
made not earlier than 1789. as it shows the counties of Hancock 
and Washington which were incorporated that year, nor later than 
1795, as the Carletoii map in Sullivan's history appeared then and 
showed manv changes and iniprox ements. I place the date of this 
map at 1789. or 1790, as considerable surveying of the lands in 
Maine was done as early as 1791. and Mr. Carleton drew some 
plans of land surveyed in the last named year and this map shows 
notliing of these surveys as it undoubtedly would have if it had 
been drawn later than 1791. The work is crude, not so nuich in 
its execution as in its lack of detail and shows that very little was 
known of the to[)()graphy of the lerritory. It is without doubt 
his first map of Maine. 

'In 1795, Mr.j^-Carleton prepared his map of Maine for Judge 
Sullivan's Ilistorv of the I)i^trict of :\Iaine. This map was 



sixteen by twenty in size, and I will not go into any details in 
relation to it as it is very well known, but will proceed to his more 
important work. 

No satisfactory or practical map of either Massachusetts or 
Maine having ever been published, the legislature of the common- 
wealth, in 1794, passed an act requiring all the towns to furnish 
plans of their boundaries with the end in view of preparing maps 
of Massachusetts proper and the district of Maine, and satisfying 
a need that had become urgent. The plans were quite generallv 
furnished, and the work of constructing the maps was intrusted to 
Osgood Carleton. The date when this map was completed and 
published has always been given as 1795, but I am inclined to 
Ix'lieve that this date has been confounded with that of the map in 
Sullivan's Maine. I will now give some of my reasons for coming 
to this conclusion. 

A large number of these maps were to be purchased by the 
State for distribution, and a contract was made with John Norman 
of Boston, to engrave tlie plates. After the map was completed, 
tlie legislature refused to accept the work on account of the manv 
errors in engraving, and we find Mr. Norman petitioning the 
General Court for relief. The General Court did not give Mr. 
Norman the contract again, but intrusted the work to B. & J. 
Eoring of Boston, who employed J. Callender and S. Plill to do 
the engraving and this second map was completed in 1802. Onlv 
one edition of this large map could have been executed by Mr. 
Norman, as there would have been no call for a second edition, for 
the first could not be disposed of. 

Now as to the date of the Norman map. It must have been 
between 1795 and 1798, and I take the date to be 1798. In 
comparing the map with the one in Judge Sullivan's History, we 
find many alterations and corrections: e. g., the eastern boundary 
of the State as it was then claimed is correct; beginning at the 
source of the St. Croix as fixed by the treaty of 1794. Although 
this treaty was made in 1794, the commission to fix and locate the 
particular river and the exact source thereof under the treaty, did 
not survey and locate the point until 1797. Hie Sullivan map of 
1795 delineates the eastern boundary of the State about forty- 
niile-s farther east than the Norman. By no change appearing in 


the Sullivan map from what had always been claimed as the eastern 
boundary, it sliows that Mr. Carleton did not attempt to make any 
change on this point in his maps until after the location of the 
source of the St. Croix had been fixed by the commissioners in 
1797. In fact, this State always claimed to the eastern river until 
the dispute was settled by the commissioners, consequently would 
have executed no maps showing a different location. 

Another fact: In The Gazette published in Portland, by 
Eleazer A. Jenks, in the issue of November 5, 1798, is found an 
advertisement of the 'T.arge maps of Maine and Massachusetts," 
then offered for sale in Portland, by Stephen Patten. This is tlie 
■earliest date of the appearance of the advertisement and it is more 
-than probable that notice of the maps would have been given c\s 
soon as they were ready for distribution as the call for a map of 
the district was urgent. The size of this map was tifty-four by 
thirty-eight, and it was published by O. Carleton and J. Norman, 
also sold by AVilHam Norman of 75 Newbury street. It is to be 
regretted that so great an undertaking resulted in failure. 

The next in order of the Carleton maps of Maine is a smaller 
one, twenty-four and one-fourth by nineteen and one-fourth in size, 
bearing the following inscription : "A New Map of the District 
of Maine, taken from the original map compiled by Osgood 
Carleton, Esq., from the actual surveys that were made by an act 
of the general court. With additions, corrections and improve- 
ments, Boston, published and sold by J. Norman, engraver." It 
is plain from the inscription that this followed the original map, 
also that some alterations and corrections were made; and as 
Kennebec County, which was incorporated February 20, 1799, does 
not appear on the map it must have been published before that 
date. It is very probable that when the map of 1798 had been 
condemned and rejected by the legislature, Mr. Norman engraved 
this smaller map, correcting some of the errors that appeared in 
the previous one, and attempted to retrieve something of his lost 
fortunes on account of his failure heretofore. This map was 
probabh' published immediately fcjUowing the condemnation of his 
other work, and appeared the very last of 1798, or the first of 
1799,- and has been accredited to 1799. - • 

After the failure of Mr. Norman to engrave Mr. Carleton' s 


map in a manner satisfactory to the legislature, the work of 
constructing maps of Maine and Massachusetts, as has been 
previously stated, was intrusted to the care of B. X: J. Loring and 
the General Court appointed the Reverend Dr. Morse and Professor 
Webber, special agents of the commonwealth, to have the over- 
sight of the work. A new draft was made by Mr. Carleton, the 
engraving was done by Messrs. J. Callender and S. Hill and the 
vignettes, emblematical of agriculture, commerce, etc., were drawn 
by Mr. G. Graham. The completed maps were inspected by the 
Massachusetts Historical Society and the American Academy of 
Arts and Sciences. The greatest care and skill were extended in 
their execution, and the work was considered as good, if not the 
best produced in this country up to that time. The copyright 
on the maps was given by the legislature to the two above named 
institutions, as well as the copper plates on which they were 

The maps were advertised to be ready for deli^ ery November 
1, 1801, and possibly a few were delivered in the latter part of 
that year; but the imprint on the border is 1802. The size was 
fifty-four by thirty-eight, and they were gotten up in four styles; 
1, on heavy paper; 2, cloth back; 3, cloth backed on rollers; -i, 
mounted on cloth and folded in cases. The 1802 map, with the 
possible exception of the one of 1795 in Sullivan's Maine, is the 
best know!i of the Carleton maps, and the most frequently seen, 
yet they ai-e all rare. 

Society of American Wars 

The annual meeting of the State of Maine Commandery, 
Society of American Wars, was held in Portland January 14, 1914. 
Officers chosen were: Commander, Archie Lee Talbot, Lewiston ; 
senior vice commander, Philip F. Turner, Portland; junior vice 
commander, Frederick S. \'aill, Portland; recorder, George W. 
Beyer, Portland; treasurer, Edward W. Corey, Portland; registrar, 
\Villiam T. Couscns, Portland. 


Mount Kineo and the Maine Summer Resort 


By the Editor 

A half century ago, aye, even no more than forty years aoo, 
the American people had no outdoor sports recognized by refined 
and cultivated people as becoming and proper. This condition 
which would seem to the present generation to be a deplorable one 
was but the natural and inevitable result of our early history as a 

It was only two and a half centuries before that the pioneers 
of New England fled from sport and pleasure in England, which to 
them had become sinful and abhorrent, to found a commonwealth 
where it was taught that all diversion and amusement eminated 
direct from the de\ il. 

For two centuries our ancestors required no sports for their 
training or diversion. Subduing a vast wilderness, clearing lands, 
building homes and roads and bridges and canals and railroads and 
defending the same from savages constituted their outdoor training. 
These rough and hard tasks were all sufficient for their physical 

But the Civil \Var, or, as our southern friends prefer to call 
it, "the war between the States, "made a wondrous change in our 
whole scheme of existence as a people. Its stress, its necessities 
and its perils uncovered and developed new and unknown resources 
of wealth and during the period foundations for gigantic fortunes 
were laid. All of this led us into an era of material prosperity 
unprecedented in the whole history of the human race, the 
development of which is more wonderful and marvelous than any 
hitherto human conception in romance or fable. 

As an unavoidable consec^uence the flood gates of luxury, new 
and strange in some of its riotous and dissipating and nerve killing 
forms, opened wide. The wise human animal, however, realizes 
instinctively that luxury of any kind is his most insidious foe, and 
when enjoying its alluring indulgences his nature instantly demands 


But the greater mass of Americans who are luxurious are not 
prone to idleness or folly but to the extremity of the reverse which 
is as unnatural a life as the former. Senator Sutherland of Utah 
not long ago remarked in a debate in the United States Senate; 
'*We are living in strenuous days. Everybody seems to be afflicted 
in one form or another with the speed mania. We are not content 
to jog along in the old family carriage after the comfortable manner 
of our fathers; we must hurl ourselves through the land in high- 
power automobiles, dividing the population into the 'quick and the 
dead* as we pass.*' * * * * ''The stage coach has been rel- 
egated to the scrap heap, and the Twentieth Century Limited has 
taken its place. ** 

It was in the very beginning of these amazing days which 
have befallen us that the late \\'. H. H. Murray, that wizard of 
tlie woods and the lakes, better known to literature as "Adirondack 
Murray,*.' and his legion of disciples which succeeded him, began 
their crusade for the "gos})el of rest." It is not at all surprising 
that these new ideas appealed to the American people. 

The student of history knows that there has never been a 
dominant race whose higher and cultured classes have not been fond 
of outdooi- sports. The Romans, the Greeks, the Medes and 
Persians, the Egyptians and the Assyrians all testify to this fact on 
the recorded pages of the world's history. 

But neither Assyrian nor Greek loved pure air and outdoor 
sports 'more than the E.nglish and his ancestors, the Saxons. And 
as tlieir blood flows strongest in our veins, so we possess a love for 
manly sports, for hunting and fishing and the simple life with 
nature by the law of heredity. 

These annual vacations from the sky scrapers to the woods 
have become a fashion wliich will never change, a custom which is 
an unalterable part of American life. 

In accordance with the natural law of events, Maine's grand 
and wonderfully magnificent ocean coast, her fish and her game, her 
nnglity forests, her thousands of lakes, ponds and streams, her 
pure air, her sweet singing song birds, her golden sunsets, her 
mountains, hills and dales, have collectively been a means of 
attracting a vast summer travel to her shores and inland resorts. 

This influx of recreation seekers has developed a new industry 


in Maine that is already in the front ranks with ag-riculture, 
lumbering, manufacturing, etc. 

Outside of the Rangeley Lakes region, no inland resort has 
been a greater factor in producing this condition than far-famed 
Mt. Kineo, midway of ^Nloosehead Lake, which is forty miles in 
length and the largest lake wholly within New England. Kineo is 

a peninsular of land ex- 
tending from the east- 
^ ^ - erly shore into the lake, 

^Jjr'-i'''":^^^^^*^^'^^^^^ containing eleven hun- 

^^Tt-^^^ - = ^--ii. J dred and fifty acres. 

..v.«_i; ._,,^,v*-. ,;i Upon it is a mountain 

,^...^^;^i^.;^:.i.^.^>^^^^ that rises seven hundred 


feet above the lake level. 
It is comp(^sed of a pecul- 
iar geological formation 
The Mt. Kineo Hotel, 1914. ^^ ^i^^ rock known as 

silicious slate or hornstone.'' It is the largest mass of this rock 
known in this country and was well adapted to the use of the 
Indians in making arrowheads, hatchets, chisels, etc. As Indian 
implements made from this rock have been found in all parts of 
New England and even farther to the southward, it is evident that 
the red-men visited this mountain for centuries for the purpose of 
obtaining this material. 

Kineo is in the heart of an immense primeval wilderness that 
is unbVoken to the Dominion of Canada. 

In 1846 when Henry 1). Thoreau visited the Moosehead Lake 
region, Kineo Mountain, its geological formation, its Indian 
relics and its traditions all deeply interested this great author and 

The present hotel is a palatial structure fashioned so that its 
seven hundred guests may live in luxury in the midst of nature's 
wildest scenes. 

As the story of the development of Kineo is typical of and 
illustrates the expansion of the summer resort business in many 

(a) Jackson's Report on the Geolo^ of Maine (1838). 

(b) Thoreau's references to Kineo may be found in The Maine Woods, 
pps. 123-124-190-225-226-230-233-235-240-242-250-323-371. 


parts of the interior of Maine, it seems wise to preserve some of 
the historical data relating to it. 

In the fifth division of lands between the State of Maine and 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, made November 27, 1827, 
Kineo was allotted to the State of Maine and described as follows: 

"Peninsular Mt. Kineo in Moosehead Lake, 1150 acres." 

July 2, 1840, Rufus Mclntire, Land Agent of Maine, 
conveyed this property to John Bradburv of Bangor the consider- 
ation being three hundred and twenty-five dollars and the 
description reciting, "A certain piece or parcel of land situated 
between the Day Academy tract and ]N[oosehead Lake in said 
County of Piscataquis, and known by the name of Kineo, 
containing eleven hundred and fifty acres, be the same more or less 
according to the sur\ey and plan made by Joseph Norris in the 
year 1827.*' 

The subsequent owners of this property, until its later owners 
became incorporated under the name of the Kineo Company, which 
corporation was succeeded by the present owner, the Ricker Hotel 
Company, also incorporated, have been, in whole or in part, as 

John Bradbury, Bangor, Maine. 
William Conner, Greenville, Maine. 
Joshua Fogg, Cornville, Maine. 
Daniel Rowell, Methuen, Massachusetts. 
William C. Hildreth, Greenville, Maine. 
Henry T. Hildreth, Jr., Greenville, Maine. 
, Bradish B. Brown, Monson, Maine. - 

Jonathan Mathews, Monson, Maine. 
Winthrop W. Chenery, Belmont, Massachusetts. 
Winthrop L. Chenery, Belmont, Massachusetts. 
Daniel W. Smith, Garland, Maine. 
Paul S. Merrill, Shirley, Maine, Attorney for 
Dudley Blanchard, Lock Haven, Pennsylvania. 
David R. Straw, Guilford, Maine. 
Oliver Eveleth, Greenville, Maine. 
John H. Eveleth, Greenville, Maine. 
William A. Wilson, Greenville, Maine. 
Charles W. Gower, Greenville, Maine. 
Daniel H. Rowell, Kineo, Maine. 
Aretas Chapin, Monson, Maine. 
Ephraim Brown, Shirley, Maine. 
True Worthy White, Methuen, Massachusetts. 
Thomas C. Gower, Greenville, South Carolina. 


William Furness, Tarrytown, New York. 
Oliver Frost, Bangor, Maine. 
E. G. Ross, Bangor, Maine. 
Cornelius N. Govver, Monson, Maine. 

Milton G. Shaw of Greenville, Maine, on the first day of 
September, 1868, conveyed to Winthrop W. Chenery of Water- 
town, Massachusetts, who later conveyed it to the Kineo Company, 
islands described in this conveyance as follows : 

**A11 of the Islands in Moosehead Lake lying east and north of the Bing- 
ham purchase, and north of the centre line of the original town of Green- 
ville, excepting Sugar, Deer, Kineo Farm, Moose, Sandbar and Moody 
Islands. And also excepting all the Islands in Lily Bay, which were sold to 
David Smith as per his deed. Excepting and reserving all the Pine, Spruce 
and Juniper timber on said Islands conveyed which is suitable for board logs, 
and said Shaw and his heirs and assigns are to have the right to enter upon 
said islands at any time and cut and remove such timber as above reserved, 
without let or hindrance; not to make any unnecessary strip or waste in so 

The first known of Kineo as a public house for travelers -was 
in 1844, when a small tavern was built and enlarged at different 
times from 1852 to 1855. During these years its principal guests 
were lumbermen, woodsmen, river drivers, local hunters, etc. 
This house was burned in the winter of 1868. For three years 
the guests were entertained in tents and in an outbuilding that was 
saved from the fire and formerly used as a bowling alley. 

In 1871 the Kineo House was rebuilt when it was again 
destroyed by fire. October i29, 1882. When the rebuilding was 
once more undertaken it was on broader and more modern lines and 
was really the beginning of Kineo's fame as a summer resort. 
The people of Maiiie were then bcgiruiing to realize the importance 

of the sunnner resort 
j business to the State and 

I ,jciKf''*?T»rnflt*^''.^^^A when this ne^\, and for 

:<^t{»-^I^;., . -'^^ ^^^^ *^^^y^ elaborate and 

i<t^Vfi 3tk-^,,.;Z^ j^V;:?::^^^^*^v,4k, <^'oni>"odi<>i^i^ ^^oiel was 

7 *'''^"''*'' ''14^ July 30, 1884, the occa- 

sion was regarded of such 
Kineo House, 1855. significance as to call to- 

gether a large gathering of people among whom were some of 
Maine's most prominent men. Among those present were George 


E. B. Jackson, president of the Maine Central Railroad; Moses 
Giddings, president, and Arthur Bro\\ni, manager of the Bangor 
and Piscatai[uis Railroad'^; Honorable Hannibal Hamlin, Senator 
and ex- Vice President of the United States ; ex-Chief Justice John 
Appleton; General Charles Hamlin ; Doctor A. C. Handin ; Con- 
gressman Charles A. Boutelle; Colonel Jasper Hutchings; Josiah B. 
Mayo; Honorable Augustus G. Lebroke; Honorable Elbridge A. 
Thompson ; Honorable Alexander M. Robinson and Honorable 
Joseph P. Bass. 

One of the best orchestras obtainable in Maine furnished 
music and in the evening in the spacious music room the event 
which had been heralded as "the dedication of the New Mt. Kineo 
House" occurred. Speeches were made by Hannibal Hamlin, 
Augustus G. Lebroke, Charles A. Boutelle, Reverend Charles Davi- 
son, Joseph P. Bass and Congressman Joseph D. Taylor of Cam- 
bridge, Oliio. 

As near as I am now able to ascertain the landlords and 
managers of tlie Kineo House have been Harrison G. O. Barrows, 
John R. Crocker, Orrin A. Dennen and Charles A. Judkins. 

Much praise is due to the late John H. Eveleth of Greenville, 
Maine, who for a life time was a prominent merchant and lumberman 
and long one of the owners of the Kineo property, for his untiring 
zeal and energy in making this business a success. 

Among the first in the early days to have f^iith in the re- 
sources of Maine as a summer resort state, no obstacle was too 
formidable for him to overcome in his determination to lay the 
foundation for an immense enterprise along these lines. 

No correct liistory of the progress of the summer resort 
business in Maine could ever be written without giving much credit 
to Orrin A. Dennen. Mr. Dennen was born in Shirley, Maine, 
June 9, 1838, and died at Kineo July 2, 1907. Thus for the 
space of aljout forty years he was the general manager of this 
property, becoming not only a shrewd and sagacious business man 
but also one of the most capable hotel managers in the country. 
He was always a gentleman, genial and kind-hearted, and thousands 
from all over our land who matle Kineo their summer abiding place 
learned to love him. 

(a) Now the Bangor and Aroostook railroad. 


Kineo is now owned by the Ricker Hotel Company and its 
affairs are under the control of Edward P. Ricker, who with his 
brother, Hiram Ricker, made a world-wide fame for Poland 
Sprin*;s. Mr. Ricker is recognized in financial circles as one of the 
most successful and farseeing business men in New England. The 
State of Maine owes much to his efforts as a financier and publicist. 

With the Ricker management as the directing force, and the 
Kineo hotels superintended by that popular and efficient manager. 
Colonel Charles A. Judkins, its future, full of yet brighter days, 
greater progress and more complete success, seems assured. 

The history of the summer resort industry in Switzerland is 
food for encouraging thought regarding its further expansion in 
Maine. In this little republic of Switzerland less than one-half 
"the area of Maine, one hundred and fifty million dollars has been 
iuTested in hotels during the past fifty years, sixty millions of 
-which has been invested during the last eighteen years, and the 
official reports of their govei-nment show that forty million dollars 
fi.Te left among their frugal inhabitants each year by the tourists. 

Owners of Maine Lands When Maine 

Became a State "^ 

(Wayfarer's Notes) 

In 1820, when Maine was set off from Massachusetts and 
erected into a State, a committee of the General Court made a 
schedule of all the lands in Maine which had been conveyed to col- 
leges, academies and purchasers. Settlers were protected in their 
rights in these grants. I give the names of towns now as far as I 
know them : 

Mar. 19, Robert Smith, 2()4 acres, Orrington. 

June ^29, Moses Knapp k als., 20.240 acres, Orrington, which in- 
cludes what is now Brewer and Holden. 
Julv 2, Robert Page, 7,000 acres, Fayette. 


Mar. o, Brewer <k Fowler. 10,864 acres, Orrington. This was in 

lieu of a part of former irraiit set off to settlers. 
Mar. 7, Benj. Lincoln ^ als., 50,447 acres. Perry and Dennys- 

ville which included Pembroke. 
Aug. 3, Aaron Hobart. 17,696 acres, Edmunds. 
Oct. 21, E. H. c\: N. I. Bobbins, 17,860 acres, Robbinston. 

Feb. 7, Heiu'v Rust, 6,000 acre>, Norway. 

June 22, Rev. James Lyon, 310 acres, Sprague*s Neck, in Machias. 
Nov. 22, Joel Parkhurst, 45,525 acres, Hartford Si Sumner. 

Oct. 29, Bradley \' Eastman, 1,900 acres, adjoining Lovell. 
Nov. 5, Jona. Cummins, 3,726 acres, in Norway. 
Nov. 5, Charles Turner, 23,040 acres, Marion. 
Nov. 13, Abijah Buck, 20,033 acres, Buckfield. 

1789. ' ' - 

Jan. 1, John C. Jones, 48,160 acres, Jonesborough and Jones- 
port. ., .. . . 

Jan. 27, Timothy Cutler, 6.000 acres, Saco River. 

Feb. 19, Oliver Wendell i<i als., 26,240 acres, No. 14, near 

June 4, William Widgery, 4,480 acres, No. 1, Oxford County. 

June 19, Moses Merrill Si als., 1,800 acres, between Raymond and 
Poland. James Webb, 650 acres, adjoining Merrill's. 

June 27, Waterman Thomas, 19,392 acres, Calais. 

June 26, Leonard Jarvis Sc als., 26,000 acres, Cooper. 


Jan. 28, Dummer Sewall, 6,823 acres, Chesterville. 

Jan. 29, Daniel Lunt, 4.880 acres. No. 1, Oxford County. 

Feb. 11, Dummer Sewall X: als., 30,000 acres, Sandy River lower 

Feb. 24, Joseph Dingly, 1,643 acres, adjoining Raymond and 

Sebago Pond. 
Mar. 10, Peleu Wadsworth, 7,800 acres, Hiram. 


Feb. 14, Prince Baker ^ als. , 23.600 acres. New Sharon. 
Feb. 16, Jona. Holman \' als., 30,020 acres, Uixfield. 
Feb. 18, Joseph Holt ^^ als., 23,062 acres. Albany. 
Mar. 11, Samuel Johnson ^ als., 30,720 acres, East Andover. 

Jan. 1, Moses Barnard k als.. 24,9ol acres, Madison. 
Jan. 31, Robert Hitchborn. 1,974 acres, now Stockton. 
Feb. 2, Palmer Gardner ^ als.. 3.880 acres. Solon. '^ . 

Feb. 2, Thomas Spauldino- ('t als., 6,500 acres, Solon. -. - 
Feb. 28, Prescott cS: Whittier, 12,118 acres, Vienna. - 

Mar. 9, Thomas Stevens ^ als,. 11,520 acres, Solon. 
Mar. 13, John Fox, 2.000 acres, adjoining Jay. \' -■•'■■'"'<"'■'. ^''^ .:; 

July 2, John Allan, 33,136 acres. Whiting. 
Nov. 2, Samuel Titcomb, 28,441 acres, Anson. - 

Jan. 29, Ebenezer Smith ^: als,, 24,353 acres. New Vineyard. 
Jan. 28, "William Bingham, 1,107.396 acres, in Hancock and 

Washington Counties. 
Jan. 28, William Bingham, 1.000,000 acres, Kennebec Purchase, 

in Somerset, Piscataquis and Franklin Counties. 
Jan. 1, Seth J. Foster, 320 acres, Troy. 

Stephen Chase, 640 acres, Troy. 
Mar. 11, Leicester Academy, 23,040 acres, Stetson. 
Mar. 11, Hallo well Academ\, 23,040 acres, Harmony. 
Mar. 11, Marblehead Academy. 23,040 acres, Exeter. 
Mar. 30, Washington Academy, Machias, 23,040 acres, Cutler. 
Sept. 4, Jeremiah Hill, 18,600 acres. Porter. 

1794. , 

Jan. 22, Bradley Si Eastman, 520 acres, Oxford Co. 
Jan. 28, Berwick Academy, 23,040 acres, Athens. 
Feb. 14, Read X: Eaton, 22,406 acres, Strong. 
Feb. 15, William Phillips, Jr., 18,020 acres, Temple. 

John Phillips, 22,500 acres, Avon. 

Jacob Abbott, 22,490 acres, Phillips. 
Feb. 15, Benjamin Ames, 23,250 acres. No. 4, between Kennebec 

and Androscoggin rivers. 


Feb. 15, Thomas Russell, Jr.. ^9,764 acres, No. 5, between Ken- 
nebec and Androscoogin rivers. 
Jan. 16, Moses Barnard ^: als., 24,000 acres, Cornville. 
Feb. 16, Leonard Jarvis. 63,840 acres, No. 7, No. 8, and a Gore; 

No. 7 is north part of Ellsworth; No. 8 is Dedham and 

the Gore is Clifton. 
Mar. 1, John Peck. 14,643 acres, Columbia. 
Dec. 9, Jones ^ Peck. 6,345 acres, east part of Cutler. 

William Wetmore, 523,040 acres, Levant. 

Seth AVetmore, 23.650 acres. No. 6, between K. & A. 
Dec. 29, John Derby. 23.937 acres. No. 7, between K. & A. 
Dec. 9, Sarah AValdo, 25,412 acres. No. 8, do. 

John Peck, 23,040 acres, Corinth. 
Aug. 26, Thomas l{uston, 46.084 acres, Steuben, Harrington, 

Oct. 10, Samuel Phillips, 3,019 acres, between Hebron & Otisfield. 
Dec. 31, Phineas Howard, 2,080 acres, Bethel. 


Jan. 30, Frveburg Academy. 18,617 acres, near N. H. line. 

Jan. 31, Wm. Brooks, 9.560 acres, S. Yi of Troy. 

Jan. 20. David Cobb. 3.022 acres, Leeds. 

Jan. 13, Joshua Bean, 1,225 acres, in Jay. 

Jan. 31, Obediah Williams, 8,310 acres, Yi of Troy. 

Feb. 1, Samuel .ludkins. 1.456 acres, in Vienna. 

Israel Hutchinson. 1.000 acres, in "Joy," now Troy. 

Feb. 1, Sanuiel Lin>cut. 1.503 acres, Gore adjoining Chester. 

Feb. 1, Israel Hutchinson. 

Mar. 2, Martin Kinsley, 23.040 acre>, Carmel. Taunton Acad- 
emy. 24,231 acres. Embden. 

Mar. 3, Jona. Ila>tinos. 23.040 acres, Milo. 

Mar. 5, Moses Abbot. 22,522 acres. No. 1, R. 1, W. B. K. P. 

.Mar. 5, Jona. (Tardner. 20,500 acres. Letter D., Oxford County. 

Mar. 5, Jona. Cunnnins, 20,600 acres. Letter Iv, Oxford County. 

Mar. 6, 'J own of Boston, 23,040 acres. Township N. of Brown- 

May 8, Gideon Lowell. 640 acres, between Bridgton and Brown- 


June 8, Asahel Foster, !2,000 acres, between I3ridi;ton and Brown- 


Jan. 30, John J. Holmes, 28.507 acres, Letter A.. Oxford. 
Sarah Bostwick, 26,830 acres. Newrv. 
Phebe Ketchum, 26,165 acres, Riley. 

Feb. 25, Bowdoin College, 92.160 acres, No. 4, 5. 6, 7, Sebec, 
Foxcroft, Guilford, Abbot. 

(d) Feb. 25, Bowdoin Colle.oe, 20,688 acres, Dixmont. 

June 10, Isaac Thompson, 24.750 acres, No. 1, South Side An- 
droscoggin river. 

Oct. 3, Henry Jackson, 23,040 acres, Glenburn. 
Oct. 9, Henry Jackson, 33,040 acres, Hudson. 

1798. ^ _5. 

Feb. 17, William Shepard, 2,000 acres. Detroit. 

June 2, Williams College, 23,040 acres, Garland. 

Dec. 14, Samuel Phillips, 6.185 acres, between Raymond & Otis- 


Jan. 9, Thomas Service, 22.080 acres, No. 2, R. 1, W. B. K. P. 

Jan. 9, Thomas Service, 29.040 acres. No. 3, R. 1, W. B. K. P. 
Dunlap ik Grant, 21.000 acres. No. 4. R. 3, W. B. K. P. 

June 15, John Warren, 30,000 acres, No. 3, R. 1. N. of Plymouth 

June 15, John Warren, 26,880 acres, St. Albans. 

Jan. 9, W. ^: G. Gilbert, 30,720 acres. No. 3, R. 2, W. B. K. P. 


Mar. 5, Josiah Little, 5,806 acres, l)etween Raymond and Bakers- 

Mar. 19, PhilHps Academy, 11,520 acres, 14 Greenwood. 

June 14, Dunmier Academy, 11,520 acres, /<> Woodstock. 

Feb. 7, Jacob Abb(jt, 4,000 acres, between Androscoggin and 
Kennebec rivers. 

•June 12, John Warren, 28,300 acres. Palmyra. 

June 14, David Green, 23,040 acres, Newport. 




Feb. 19, J. Barrett & als., 11,520 acres, Detroit. 

June 8, Abel Cutler, 22,717 acres, No. 5, R. 3, W. B. K. 1\ 


Apr. 12. John Peck, 12,206 acres, Letter C, Oxford. 
July 14, Hallowell ik Lowell, 23,040 acres, Dover. 
Feb. 2, Williams Colleoe, 23,040 acres, Littleton. 

(Aroostook County) 
Feb. 5, Westford Academy, 11,520 acres, E. of Linneus. 
June 4, Groton Academy, 11,520 acres, E. of Linneus. 

Framingham Academy, 11,520 acres. 
July 14, John Lou ell. 23,040 acres, Charleston. -^ . 

Aug. 2, John S. Fazy, 23,040 acres, Sangerville. > i 

Aug. 27, Joseph Blake, 23,040 acres, Bradford. 
Nov. 23, John Peck, 21,000 acres. No. 2, R. 3, W. B. K. P. 


Jan. 7, Josiah Quincy, 23,040 acres. No. 4, R. 4, W. B. K. P. 

Feb. 7, Isaac Thompson, 1,000 acres. No. 2, Oxford. 

Mar. 30, Lemuel Cox, 1,000 acres, AVashington Co. ^ 

Sept. 27, John S. Faz}', 26,880 acres, Ripley. 

Jan. 7, Portland Academy, Bridgewater, Aroostook County. 

Feb. 4, Bridgewater Academy, Bridgewater, Aroostook County. 


Nov. 1, Momnouth Free School, 1,286 acres, Land in Oxford. 

Mar. 13, Amos Bond and als., 23,040 acres. Dexter. 

Mar. 24, Thomas Harling, 1,000 acres, adjoining Clinton. 

Apr. 23, Elisha Sigourney, 23,040 acres, Atkinson. 

May 14, Samuel Watkiiison, 23,436 acres, No. 5, R. 4, W. B. K. P. 

May 14, Ann S. Davis, 21,074 acres. Letter C, Oxford. 

May 15, Edward Blake. Jr.. 21,000 acres, No. 3, R. 3, W. B. K. P. 

May 15, John Peck. 23,040 acres, No. 2, R. 2, W. B. K. P. 

May 15, William Dodd, 23,040 acres, Williamsburg. 

May 21, Paul Dudley, 500 acres, in Milford. 

June 21, Aaron Forbes, 1,000 acres, in Bradley. 

June 21, John Southgate, 3,000 acres, Milford & Bradley. 

June 21, Tufts \' Barker, 3.468 acres, Orono— Old Town. 



June 21, Joseph Treat, part of No. 5, W. side Penobscot River, 

June 30, Ezra Hounsfield Sz Ann S. Davis, 25,600 acres, Letter 

B., Oxford. 
Aug. 30, John Warren, 23,040 acres, Corinna. 
Oct. 15, Lemuel Trescott, 200 acres, in Whitini>\ 
Jan. 28, T. Poor, 400 acres. No. 2 Sc 3. Oxford. 
Feb. 18, Benjamin Tahiiage, 23,040 acres. Talmage. 
Feb. 27, Samuel Parkman, 26.880 acres. Parkman. 
Feb. 27, Samuel Parkman, 23,040 acres. Williniantic. 


Feb. 1, Eleazer Twitchell, 9,000 acres, in Greenwood. 
Sept. 6, John P. Boyd, 23,040 acres, Orneville. 
Dec. 13, Brown ^ Hill. 23,040 acres. Brownville. 
Feb. 21, New Salem Academy, 11,520 acres, Houlton. 
Mar. 23, Hampden Academy, 11,520 acres. Weston. 


Feb. 27, Lincoln Academy, 11,520 acres. ''Jefferson.** 

May 31, Bowdoin College. 23,040 acres, Etna. 

Sept. 20, Deerfield Academy. 11.520 acres, \\'estfield PI.. Aroos- 

Sept. 20, Westfield Academy, 11,520 acres. Westfield PL, Aroos- 

Dec. 6, Blue Hill Academy. 12,320 acres. W. 3^, No. 23, near 
Mac hi as. 


Feb. 7, Town of Norway, 600 acres. })etweeii Raymond ^ Gray. 

Feb. 12, Gorham Academy, 11.520 acres, Woodstock. 

Feb. 20, Bath Academy, 11,520 acres, S. >^, No. 1, R. 4. W. B. 

K. P. 
June 9, Town of Chesterville, 1.000 acres, in that town. 
June 9, Proprietors of Buxton, 5,000 acres. No. 2 «\: 3. Oxford 

Sept. 24, Samuel Jolmsoii \' als., 11,696 acres, part of E. An- 

Dec. 19, Town of Plvmoutli, 23,010 acres. Part of Fort Fairfield. 



Jan. 19, Thomas ^lonkhouse, 23,040 acres. Bowerbank. 

He sold to Bowerbank, a London merchant. 

Jan. 19, Gen. WilUam Eaton, 10,000 acres, Aroostook County. 

Eaton Grant. 
June 28, Agricultural Society, 23,040 acres, for a Botanical Pro- 

fessoi*ship. Now Linneus. 

Feb. 20, Phillips Limerick Academy, 11,520 acres, Limerick (?) 
Dec. 26, Belfast Academy, 11,520 acres, Ludlow. 

Feb. 7, Samuel Hinckley, 30,770 acres, Hinckley, Washington 

Feb. 7, Justin Ely, 24,050 acres. No. 1, R. 1, North of Bailey- 

Feb. 27, Hebron Academy, 11,520 acres, W. J4 Monson. 
Apr. 25, Milton Academy. 11,520 acres, No. 2 k 3, Oxford Co. 
June 17, Monson Academy,*'^ 11,500 acres, E. /^ Monson. 
Oct. 19, Monmouth Academy, 214 acres, nine small islands in 

Androscoggin river. 
Dec. 30, Monmouth Academy, 10,020 acres, in Ripley. 


Feb. 13, AV. C. AVhitney, 3,000 acres, Wilson,^ Piscataquis Co. 

Apr. 3, Heirs of Tliomas Danforth, 11,520 acres, /^ of Danforth. 

Apr. 21, James Brackett, 1,832 acres, in Bradley. 

Apr. 20, ^lonmouth Academy, 800 acres, in Detroit. 

Nov. 3, Benjamin Joy, 320 acres, in Plymouth. 

Mar. 2, Massachusetts Medical Society, 23,040 acres in Elliots- 

ville & AVilson, Piscataquis Co. 
Mar. 2, Bridgton Academy. 11.520 acres, Maxfield. 
June 16, Bowdoin College, 46,080 acres. No. 7 & 8, R. 10, in 

Piscataquis Co. 

(a) Academy in Monson, Massachusetts. 

(b) Now a part of Greenville, Shirley and Elliotsville Plantation. See 
page 14C, Vol. 1 of the Journal. 


The following is also from the original report*' of the Commis- 
sioners of the Land office of Massachusetts, compiled and published 
in 1820 and completes that which Wayfarer omitted. 


Jan. 25, Heii-s of Wm. Vaughan, 11,520 acres, North half of 
Township, No. 8, 9th Range, north of the Waldo Patent. 

Peb. 2, Warren Academy, 11,520 acres, North half of Town- 
ship, No. 6, 9th Range, north of the Waldo Patent. 27, Henry Huntingdon and Timothy Pitkin, 20,904 acres, 
Township No. 5, 2d Range, adjoining New Hampshire 

Sept. 14, John Chaney, 1,4'34 acres, A Tract of land in Chester- 


June 1, Benjamin Palmer and Samuel W. Eaton, 1,130 acres, A 

Tract of Land, in Chesterville. 
June 6, Town of Pittston, 7,680 acres. Third of Township No. 

2, 4th Range, north of Bingham's Kennebec Purchase. 
June 12, Maine Literary and Theological Institution, 29,164 acres, 

Township No. 3, on the west side of Penobscot River, 

part of the Indian Land. 


Jan. 15, John Bennock, 5,000 acres. On the west side of Penob- 
scot River, in lots of 100 acres each, on each side of 
Bennock's road, part of the land purchased of the Indians. 

.Jan. 15, Samuel Fessenden and William Libbey, 860 acres, A 
Tract of Land between Raymond and Gray. 

April 2, John Parker Boyd, 11,520 acres. East half of Township 
No. 2, 7 th Range, nortli of the Waldo Patent. 

Feb. 26, Cyrus Hamlin, 1,270 acres, Part in Township No. 2, and 
part in No. 3, in the County of Oxford. 

June 22, Josiah Bachelder, 28,822 acres, Lying in Oxford County, 
adjoining New Hampshire line. 

(a) These reports are now extremely scarce. They are rarely found 
outside of the State archives of Maine and Massachusetts. 


Dec. 14, Middlesex Canal, 46,080 acres. Two Townships, in the 
County of Somerset, on the east side of Moose Head 

Dec. 1-1, Day's Academy, in Wrentham, 11,520 acres. Lying in 
Somerset County, on the east side of Moose Head Lake. 


Aug. 7, Joseph Butterfield, 420 acres, In Township No. 3, east 
side of the Penobscot River, called Indian Land. 


Feb. 25, Fiske and Bridge, 2,285 acres. Part of Township No. 3, 
east side of the Penobscot River, called Indian Land. 

June 22, Canaan Academy, 11,520 acres, North half of Township 
No. 1, 3d Range, west of Bingham's Kennebec Purchase. 

Dec. 1, Sandwich Academy, 11,520 acres. South half of Town- 
ship No. 2, 1st Range, in the County Somerset, north of 
Bingham's Kennebec Purchase. 


Feb. 26, I. and I. Humphreys, 400 acres. Lying between Ray- 
mond and Gray. 

The foregoing, with the exception as above stated, is from the pen of 
the late Honorable Joseph W. Porter of Bangor who from 1885 to 1893, 
published "The Bangor Historical Magazine," and after its discontinuance 
and for a few years prior to his decease, he contributed to the Bangor Com- 
mercial a series of exceedingly valuable papers relating to the early history 
of Maine, 

These were all written by Mr. Porter and published under the nom de 
plume of "Wayfarer" and known as "Wayfarer's Notes." 

(See Vol. 1, p. 66.) 


In Wayfarer's Notes, Vol. I, page 187, of the Jourxai. ap- 
peared a sketch of Judge Stephen Jones of Machias, one of the most 
interesting characters in Eastern Maine during the Revolution. 
We have recently received from Henry S. AVebster of Gardiner an 
autobiography of Judge Jones, written by himself to liis daughter. 
It is of much historical value and we hope to publish it in the 
Joi UN'Ai, in the near future. 


Baker of Madawaska 

The mist about the "clearing" gathered, settled and hung low. 
The calm of evening came to ease the weariness of day ; 

Far in the east the bright moon shone through tree trunks all arow, 
The soft air breathed the sweetness the forest holds in Maw 

Baker of Madawaska sat by his cabin door. 

And many hard and bitter thoughts were passing through liis 
Of his arrest and seizure there, less than a year before, 

And of his stay in Fredericton, a prisoner unresigned. 

"George IV of England,'' Baker thought, *'His realm is fair and 

But to our Madawaska he's no claim, say what they may ; 
And we, Americans, have a right that shall not be denied 

To celebrate as we see fit, our Independence Day ! 

"Last year in jail at Fredericton, I weary hours spent 

Because on July Fourth my friends did meet with me, and sing 

Around a flag-staff we had raised, (nor do I yet repent!) 
To show we are Americans, not subjects of the king. 

"Then I went, James Bacon with me, all the way to Portland town 
To find the Governor, and ask aid from the State, that we 

Might bid defiance to the laws and officers of the Crown, 
And live like peaceful citizens as we had hoped to be. 

'"rhe miles stretched out before us as we took the trail anew. 
And. our little Madawaska seemed very far away; 

But the rivers helped us onward with our trusty old canoe. 

And we fared on foot together, back home, as strong men may. 

"The Governor has not helped us, though he sided with our cause, 
And this British interference keeps on and grows apace; 

UTiey come and seize our lumber, then bid us keep their laws. 

We'd better have another war, and teach them what's their 

Baker of Madawaska laid him down upon his bed; 

Weary with toil he slumbered deep; and at the next day's dawn 
He started out for Fredericton, by king's officials led. 

Arrested for "Conspiracy,'' and to be tried thereon. 

The trial through, the learned Judge asked him for his defence. 

John Baker stood before them then and spoke, so men report ; 
"I enter no defence, not I, and call no evidence; 

I decline the jurisdiction of this, your English court. 


"On American territory my house and sawmill stand; 

Penobscot's courts shall try me if I aught of evil do. 
From Maine and Massachusetts come the deeds to all my land. 

I enter no defence : I pledge my faith to Maine anew. 

They brought the verdict "Guilty,*" and again to common jail 
John Baker was committed, with a twenty-five pound fine; 

Two montlis he was to stay there, and if he then should fail 
To pay that sum unto the king, in jail he still should pine. 

The British interference more intolerable grew; 

At last a brief and bloodless war the boundary fixed for aye. 
Baker of Madawaska, whene'er we think of you, 

We applaud your patriotism upon that far-off day. 

Foxcroft, ^Nlaine. Mabel L. True. 

(John Baker was born in Moscow in Somerset County in the district of 
Maine, January 17, 1796, and died March 10, 1868. His remains lie buried 
in the cemetery at Fort Fairtield. over which a monument has been erected 
bearing his name and the following inscription: 

"Erected by authority of a resolve of the Legislature of Maine, 
A. D. 1895, to commemorate the Patriotism of John Baker, a loyal 
son of Maine in Maintaining the Honor of his Flag during the con- 
tentions on the disputed territory 1834-42." 

His name is indissoiubly interwoven with the North Eastern boundary 
controversy. He had a home on the disputed territory, defied the officers of 
New Brunswick in many ways and was twice arrested and imprisoned in the 
Fredericton jail. The last time that he was incarcerated was when he was 
indicted, tried and sentenced for sedition and conspiracy against the King at 
the Hilary term of the Supreme Court for the County of York, province of 
New Brunswick, May 8. l^2S. About all that has been published regarding 
him may be found in the Report of Charles S. Davies to the Governor of 
Maine January 31. 1839; a paper on John Baker by George S. Rowell, A. M., 
read before the Maine Historical Society December, 1911, and published in 
the Historical department of the Eastern Argus; "The North Eastern 
Boundary Controversy and the Aroostook War," Sprague. (1910), and the 
documentary part of the Piscataquis Historical Society Collections, Vol. 1.) 


Extracts From the Diary of Reverend 
Samuel Dean 

[From Smith and Dean's Journals with notes by William Willis, 1849] 

"Oct. 2 went to Waits island." The note to this entry 
reads : 

"This is now called Peak's Island; John Waite owned a por- 


tion of it, and resided there at the time referred to. This Island 
has borne various names, chiefly from its successive proprietors. 
Cleeves, the first settler, called it Pond Island, but in a conveyance 
of it to his son-in-law, Michael INIitton, he named it Michael's 
Island. It afterwards went, successively, by the name of Munjoy, 
Palmer, Peak, and is a fine Island about two miles long.*' 


"October 15, I prayed with the Court and dined with them." 

"It was the practice until within twenty years throughout 
Massachusetts and Maine, for the Court and Bar, attended b} the 
Sheriff and his deputies, to walk in procession to the Court House, 
on the first day of the term, and to dine together on the occasion. 
It afforded opportunity for a pleasant and familiar intercourse, be- 
tween the Bench and Bar, and was the occasion of much profes- 
sional wit and hunior. It also cherished a spirit of brotherhood 
and forensic courtesy, for which I fear there is too much reason to 
say that the bar is not at present distinguished.*' 

Social Compact to Secure Independent 

Government, by Wells, Gorgeana 

and Piscataqua 

(Farnham Papers)* 
July, 1649 

The ''Social Compact'* of AVells, Gorgeana and Piscata- 
qua, in 1649, was a \oluntary association to secure independent 
government. Although in 1646 the name of the Piscatai^ua plan- 
tation had been changed to ''Kittery,'* the earlier designation was 
retained in the compact. 

The document is preserved in manuscript among the ancient 
records of the province of Maine, and was first published by the 

(a) Documentary History of Maine Vol. 7, p. 265. 


Massachusetts Historical Society, ''Collections** (1T9!2), 1st 
Series, I., 103. An abstract is in William D. Williamsoirs 
"History of the State of :\Iaine" (HcilloNvell, 1832), I., 326. 

The reprint here i>'iven is from the text of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society, which is the best text available. 

Whereas, the inhabitants of Piscataqua Gorgiana and Wells in 
the Province of Mayn, have here begun to ppogat and populict 
these parts of the country did formerly by power derivative from 
Sir Ferdinand© Gorges Knight, exersise— the regulating the affairs 
of the country as ny as we could according to the laws of England, 
and such other ordinances as was thought meet and requisit for the 
better regulating thereof. Now forasmuch as Sir Ferdinando 
Gorges is dead, the country by their generall letter sent to his heirs 
in June 1647 and 48. But by the sad distractions in England noe 
retume is yet come to hand. And command from the Parlament, 
not to meddle insoemuch as was granted to Mr. Rigley. Most of 
the commissioners being dep'ted the Province. The inhabitants 
are for present in sume distraction about the regulating the affairs 
of these sites; For the better ordering whereof till further order 
power and authoryty shall come out of England; the inhabitants 
with one free and universanimus consent due bynd themselves in a 
boddy pollitick a combination to see these parts of the country and 
Province regulated according to such laws as formerly have been 
exercised and such others as shall be thovght meet, not repugnant 
to the fundamental laws of our native country. 

And to make choyse of such Governor or Governes and Majis- 
trates as by most voysses they shall think meet. Dated in 
Gorgiana alias Accoms. the day of Julie 1649. The privilege of 
Accoms. Charter excepted, 
(copied literatim) 

Descendants of Josiah Clark of Dover, N. H. 

Contributed by Mrs. Margaret Clark Danforth, Foxcroft, Elaine 

Josiah Clark and his wife, Sarah Nute, both of Dover, New 
Hampshire, nioNed to Ilarpsuel], Maine, in the early days, as he 
is reported as a member of Ca})tain Adam Hunter's company, 
raised for protection a<;ainst tlie Indians during the French or sixth 
Indian War, 17o4 1760. 


Their children were John, who married Polly Wilson of 
Tennant's Harbor, Si. George, Maine, and lived on the island 
which he owned, and still is called, Clark's Island. 

Josiah married Mariam Rodick of Mount Desert. 
James married Asenath Curtis of Harpswell. 
Samuel married Lydia Curtis of Harpswell, sister of Asenath. 
Sarah married Luther Gardiner of Harpswell. 
Elizabeth married William Tarr of Harpswell. 
Martha married a Wilson, presumably a brother of Polly. 
Mar>', drow^ned when a young woman. 

Rose had red hair, married John Alexander, called "white headed 
John." He died suddenly on board his vessel at Harpswell. 
Mary married David Wheeler. 
Abigail married Samuel Blake. 

Paul Curtis, born in Scituate, Mass.. May 29, 1737, married Deborah 
Webber, born in Harpswell, Maine, April 8, 1749. Her mother was Meribah 

Their children were Asenath, 

Paul married Margaret Randal, 
Margaret married Ezekiel Alexander and was 
always called "Aunt Peggy Alexander." 
Abijah married Sally Hamor of Mount Desert. 
Jerimiah married Polly Hamor of Mount Desert, sister to Sally. 
Abijah and Jerimiah with their families came to "Newberry Neck" 
South Surry, Maine, in the first decade of the 19th century. 
Susan married Johnson Stover. 
Peleg married Jeanette Jordan. 
Sally, died in childhood. 

Sally, 2d, married James Merriman, called "Little Skipper." 
Paul Curtis died in Harpswell. Mar. 13, 1826. 
Deborah Webber Curtis died in Harpswell, May 12, 1834. 
James Clark bom in Harpswell. May 1. 1766. 
Asenath Curtis born in Harpswell, Sept. 26, 1771. 

Married Jan. 24, 1793. 
Bom, David. Apr. 24, 1794. 
" Ezekiel, died, age, 18 mos. 
" Paul, May 25, 1797. 
** Abijah, Sept. 27, 1798. 
** Wilder, died, age, 1 mo. 
'' John, June 2, 1803. 
** Curtis, died, age, 3 mos. 
" Margaret, Aug. 28, 1806. 
*' Curtis, Nov. 14, 1808. 
** Ruth, Sept. 28, 1810. 
'* George. Aug. 9, 1812. 
*• William, Sept. 24, 1814. 
" Mary, Nov. 9, 1816. 


Moved to **Ncuheirv Neck," South Surry, Maine, April 19. 
1817. James Clark died in Surrv, February 27, 1852. His wife 
died in Surry, March 21, 1842. He was master of a fisherman 
faring to the Grand Banks and was generally addressed as 
"Skipper." His heighth. six feet, two inches, caused his brother- 
in-law, also named James, to be called * 'Little Skipper.'' 

Aroostook War Documents 

By the Editor 

Under date of October 28, 191.'3. Mr. Virgil G. Eaton, that 
versatile, charming and brilliant writer and editor of the Bangor 
Daily News, wrote the Joiunal a letter enclosing the two documents 
which follow herewith. In his letter he says: 

"The other day my sister had been looking over some old 
papers which had l)elonged to our mutual and revered father, 
Parker G. Eaton, who died in the town of Prospect the very day 
that Harris M. PLii>ted was elected governor of Maine, September 
13, 1880. Among these documents were the election and 
resignation of Parker (t. Eaton to the captaincy of a company 
of infantry, from Plymouth, Maine, who was, it appears, a 
participant in the Arao^took war. In the last number of Sprague's 
Journal of Maine History,'' there is a list of officers who went to 
the Aroostook war from Maine. My good 'old man" does not 
appear to be among them. As I believe most everything I read in 
your factual Journal of History, I wonder to myself as to the 
exact truth of the documents which I have lying before me, and 
which I send to you for inspection." 

For half a century or more there was a dispute and an inter- 
national controversy between the government at Washington and 
England as to just what was the boundary line between the State 
of Maine and Canada. From the time that Maine became a sov- 

(a) Wayfarer's Notes Vol. 1, p. 142, of the Journal. 


ereign State in 1820 to 1839, this (juestion of vital imporbince 
to the people on both sides of the border, was, as are some sub- 
jects of serious import today, tossed about as a political foot- 
ball in Maine, between the Whigs and Democrats. A tradition 
has been bequeathed to us that it was a laughable farce. This is 
not the truth. It was only because the good fortunes of diplo- 
macy triumphed that a bloody war was averted. Patriotic men 
of Maine left their homes and firesides in the most inclement season 
known to our severe climate and marched through the deep snows 
of a wilderness, two hundred miles, to defend our frontier from 
foreign invasion. No soldiers ever enlisted in any Maine regiment 
in any war of this nation entitled to more honor than were these 
men. And yet as important as was this matter through the 
carelessness of some custodian of State records, the pay rolls in 
the ofHce of the State Land Agent which vvould have given a 
complete record of the names and homes of those who were volun- 
teer soldiers have been lost. The only published record of soldiers 
and otHcei's in this war is contained in a * 'Historical Sketch and 
Roster of Commissioned Officers and Enlisted ^Nlen.*' This was 
published by the State of Maine in 1904, but the words **enlisted 
men'' on its title j)age are wrong and entirely misleading. It does 
not contain any of the regiment of volunteers who went from East- 
ern Maine. It is a complete roster of the officers and soldiers who 
were ''detached'* or drafted from the regular militia under the fol- 
lowing order issued bv (roxernor Fairfield: 


Augusta, February 16, 1839. 
General order, No. 5. 

Major General Isaac Hodsdon, third Division, Maine Militia: — You are 
hereby ordered to detach, forthwith, from the Division under your command, 
by draft or otherwise one thousand men, properly officered and equipped. 
This force will rendezvous at Bangor and proceed at the earliest possible 
moment, to the place occupied by a civil force under the Land Agent on or 
near the Aroostook river, and render such aid to the Land Agent as may 
enable him to carry into effect a Resolve of 24th of January, relating to 
trespassers upon the public lands. 


Gov. and Commander-in-Chief. 

In this connection the late Joseph ^^^ Porter, ("Wayfarer**) 
in an article written in 1887 entitled "The Aroostook War, And 


the Volunteer Troops Therein," says: '^Diligent search has been 
made at the State House, at Augusta, and it is safe to say there is 
no record of these men there.*"*'* 

The list of officers referred to by Mr. Eaton was found by 
Mr. Porter among some old papers of Joseph Porter, then de- 
ceased. He did not claim that it was a complete list but assumed 
that it was correct as far as it went. A few years ago, Major 
Charles J. House, at the request of the writer, made a further and 
very careful search among all of the State archives for evidence re- 
lating to the enHsted men in this war, and under date of April 19, 
1909, wrote: ''I am sending copies of the Council Reports relating 
to Aroostook war payments, but these are meager and there seems 
to be nothing in the Register that throws much light on the mat- 
ter. The truth is, pay rolls in the Land office and other papei-s 
and documents relating to these enlisted soldiers have been lost and 
will probabl} never be found." In a letter to us under date of 
December 23, 191 '3. Major House, again referring to this subject, 
says: "The word 'enlisted men* on the title page of the Roster 
that you refer to is a mistake, it does not give any information rel- 
ative to them.** And it is only the truth to say that no one is 
better infoimed about the archives of Maine in the State House 
than Major House. Thus through the gross negligence of some 
one the future historian will never be able to make public record of 
their names, for they are unknown only in isolated cases. He can 
only tell the story of their heroism in offering their lives to protect 
the soil of their State. Hence Mr. Eaton is entitled to thanks for 
adding his nute to the work of casting light upon a lost chapter of 
the history of Maine. It may be proper to add that there are 
in the State Librar\ several xolumes of original documents relating 
to the North i-!astern Roundary dispute. 

The Legislature of 1909 passed a i-esolve authorizing the Pis- 
cata([uis Historical Society to publish a portion of these documents 
and made an a|)propriation for the same. In volume one of its 
collections it began this work. This was a book of five hundred 
and twenty-two pages and two hundre<^l and seven [)ages of it are 
devoted to this. But the Leirislatures of 1911 and 1913 declined 

(a) Bangor Historical Magazine, Vol. 2, p. 123. 


to proceed farther with it and nothing hiis since been done regard- 
ing it. 

Following are the documents referred to : 

Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the State of Maine. 
2 To Parker G. Eaton of Plymouth Gentleman, 


•3 You having been elected Captain of the H. Company of INFAN- 

^ TRY, in the Third Regiment, of the Second Brigade, and Second 
^ Division of the Militia of this State, to take rank from the thirtieth 
•^ day of September A. D. one thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine: 
ABILITY, COURAGE and good conduct, I do, by these Presents, in 
the name of the State, Commission you accordingly. You will, 
therefore, with honor and fidelity, discharge the duties of said office 
according to the Laws of this State, and to Military Rule and 
Discipline. And all inferior Officers and Soldiers are hereby com- 
manded to obey you in your said capacity; and you will yourself 
aj observe and follow such Orders and Instructions as you shall, from 
"=^ time to time, receive from the Commander-in-Chief, or others, your 
®* superior officers. 

GIVEN under my Hand and the Seal of the State, the fourth day 
__. of November in the year of our Lord one thousand eight 

J® hundred and thirty-nine: and in the sixty-fourth year of the 

73 Independence of the United States of America, 


t A. R. Nichols, Secretary of State. 

§f A. B. Thompson, Adjutant General. 



Augusta, June 13, 1843. 
Captain Parker G. Eaton of Plymouth of the H. Infantry Company in the 
third Regiment, second Brigade, and second Division, of the Militia of this 
State: and he is hereby honorably Discharged at his own request from the 
office aforesaid. 

By the Commander-in-Chief. 

Registered Vol. 6, No. 153. Alfred Redington, 

Adjutant General. 

Maine Genealogists 

The annual meeting of the Maine Genealooical Society was 
held in Portland ^Vednesday. January 24, 1914. when the follow- 
ing officers were elected : 


President, Frederick O. Conant, Portland. 

Vice Presidents, George T. Little, Brunswick : Samuel (\ 
^lanley, Augusta ; Waldo Pettengill, Rumford Falls ; John Wilson, 
Bangor; Charles Thornton Libby, Portland. 

Secretary, LeRoy F. Tobie, Portland. «; 

Treasurer, .Alillard F. Hicks. Portland. -^ 69SS52 

Librarian, Albert R. Stubbs. 

Gifts to the library include those from Doctor Charles E. 
Banks, C. S. Davis, Samuel B. Shepard, C. J. North, Ethel G. 
Waters, Doctor J. A. Spalding, Elmer A. Dot en. Doctor Charles 
Burleigh, Doctor Mathewson, Albert R. Stubbs, Slawson Thomp- 
son, Charles C. Harmon, Smithsonian Institution, Boston, New 
York and Lynn public libraries, Yale, Bowdoin and Williams 
college libraries, Frank J. Wilder and the Andover Theological 
Seminary. , : . 

The following genealogies have been added to the library dur- 
ing the year: Alden, At water, Bailey, Banker, Bromley, Bicknell, 
Chaffin, Curtis, Dewey, Derby, Earle, Fenton, Gilman, Hewes, 
I>iipham, Lewis, ^lacomber, Miller, Morse, Parsons, Pomeroy, 
Pierrepoint, Sackett, Waite, Webster; town histories, Scarboro 
and Belfast in Maine and Lexington in Massiichusetts. 

Maine Society of the Sons of the American 


The twenty- third anniversary and annual meeting and banquet 
of this society was observed at Riverton Park Monday, February 
23, 1914. President Edward K. Gould of Rockland presided at 
the business meeting and at the banquet. The following officers 
were elected for the ensuing year : 

President, John F. Sprague, Dover. 

Senior Vice-President, Philip F. Turner, Portland. 

County Vice-Presidents: Androscoggin, Edward P. Ricker, 
South Poland; Aroostook, Atwood W. Spaulding, Caribou; Cum- 
berland, Robert S. Thomas, Portland; Franklin, Fred G. Paine, 


Farmington ; Hancock, Benjamin L. Noyes, Stonington ; Kennebec, 
Eugene C. Carll, Augusta; Knox, Eugene M. Stubbs. Rockland; 
Oxford, Eugene P. ^^'ebbel^ Westport ; Penobscot. Francis B. 
Denio, Bangor; Piscataquis, Wainwright Cashing, Foxcroft ; Saga- 
dahoc, AVilliani B. Kendall, Bow doinham ; Somerset, Charles Folsom- 
Jones, Skowhegan ; ^^'aldo, Ralph Emery. Belfast; Washington, 
George R. Gardner, Calais; York, John C. Stewart, York Village. 

Secretary, Reverend Jos. Battell Shepherd, Portland. 

Registrar, Albert R. Stubbs, Portland. 

Treasurer, Convers E. Leach. Portland. 

Librarian, Nathan Gould. Portland. 

Historian, Honorable Augustus F. Moulton, Portland. 

Chaplain. Reverend A\'illiam G. Mann. Cumberland Mills. 

Councillors: Thomas J. Little, Portland; John W. D. Carter, 
Portland; Enoch (). Greenleaf. Portland; Frederick Brunei, Port- 
land; Edwin J. Haskell. ^Vestbroc)k. 

Those elected to membership of the organization during the 
business meeting were: William Gilbert Newhall, Portland; Rex 
Wilder Dodge, Portland; Carroll Curtis Butterfield, Waterville. 

In the afternoon addresses were delivered by President Gould, 
Reverend AN'illiam \'an Allan, rector of the Church of the Advent 
of Boston and Honorable Ralph W. Crocker of Lewiston. 

The Battle of Lovell's Pond 

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 

Cold, cold is the north wind and rude is the blast 
That sweeps like a hurricane loudly and fast, 
As it moans through the tall waving pines lone and drear, 
Sighs a re([uiem sad o'er the warrior's bier. 

The war-whoop is still, and the savage's yell 
Has sunk into silence along the wild dell; 
Tlie din of the battle, the tunudt, is o'er. 
And the war-clarion *s voice is now heard no more. 


The warriors that fought for their countrv, and bled. 
Have sunk to their rest; the damp earth is their bed; 
No stone tells the place where their ashes repose. 
Nor points out the spot from the graves of their foes. 

They died in their glory, surrounded by fame. 
And Victory's loud trump their death did proclaim; 
They are dead; but they live in each Patriot's breast, 
And their names are engraven on honor's bright crest. 

So f-ar as known this is the first of Longfellow's poems that appeared 
in print, it having been published in the Portland Gazette, November IT. 
1820. The author was then only thirteen years of age. as he was bom in 
Portland, Maine, February 27, 1807. Its reference is to the battle with the 
Indians at Lovell's Pond in Fryeburg, Maine, named in honor of Captain 
John Lovewell, who led the forces of the white men in 1724-5 in invading 
the Indian encampments in and about Fryeburg. It is known in histon,- as 
"Lovewell's War." Captain Lovewell was killed in one of these battles as 
was also Paugus, a noted Indian Chief. [Ed.] 

Governor Edward Kavanagh 

[Maine Historical and Genealogical Recorder Vol. 7, p. 193. (1898) ] 

Of the long line of able men who have honorably discharged 
the duties of Chief Magistrate of the State of Elaine, none was 
more worthy the confidence and esteem of the people, than Edward 
Kavanagh, whose life and public services are perhaps less known to 
the people of this generation than those of any of his contempor- 
aries in political life. James Kavanagh, a native of New Ross, in 
Wexford County, Ireland, married Sarah Jackson of Boston, and 
about one hundred years ago took up his residence at Damariscotta 
Mills. Edward, son of James and Sarah Kavanagh. was born April 
27, 1795, and was reared in the Roman Catholic faith, was edu- 
cated at the Jesuit colleges in [Montreal and Georgetown and gradu- 
ated from St. Mary's College in Baltimore, in 1813. James 
Kavanagh came to Maine in partnership with Mathew Cottrill, a 
fellow countryman, and they conducted a general mercantile, lumber- 
ing and ship-building business at Damariscotta Mills for more than 
tweni V years, when the firm of Kavanagh ^ Cottrill was dissolved. 



and Kavanagh formed a business connection with his son Edward, 
which was styled James Kavanagh «^ Son. The years immediately 
following the Napoleonic AVars were not favorable for new business 
ventures. It was found that the tastes of the son did not incline 
him to mercantile life. Upon the establishment of peace in Europe, 
he visited the continent and British Isles, returninu- home after an 
absence of two years, and soon after his reaching his majority, he 
studied law and became a sound and reliable counselor in that pro- 
fession. He was a member of the school committee in the town of 
Newcastle for six years, and served as one of the selectmen of that 
town for the years 1824 to 18^7, inclusive. 

His political career began with his election as a Representative 
to the Legislature of 18^26. He served as Secretary of the Senate 
of Maine in 18S0, and in 1831, Governor Smith appointed him, 
wnth John G. Deane of Ellsworth, to ascertain, under a resolve of 
the Legislature passed March 31, 1831, **the number of persons 
settled on the public Lands, North of the line running West from 
the monument, the manner in which they respectively hold the 
same." This duty, which involved a long and toilsome journey from 
clearing to clearing through the northern wilderness, was performed 
in August, 1831, and was followed by a very full and valuable re- 
port of the settlements in the Madawaska country. Kavanagh was 
a Democrat in politics, and as such was elected a Representative to 
the twenty-second Congress and re-elected to the twenty-third 
Congress by a large majority. In his candidacy for re-election in 
1834, he was defeated by the Whig candidate, Jeremiah Bailey of 

President Jackson appointed him Charge d' Affairs of the L'nited 
States at the Court of Her Most Faithful Majesty, the Queen of 
Portugal in 1835, and he arrived at the Portuguese capital in July 
of that year. A more fitting representative at that court c(juld not 
well have been desired. Kavanagh was then in the prime of life. 
His extraordinary powers of mind were enriched by a liberal class- 
ical education and a familiarity with the modem languages. He 
was devoutly attached to his religious faith, which was that of the 
Court to which he was accredited. He possessed a grave and digni- 
fied demeanor, and a courtly and polished address. These qualities 
and attainments, together with the knowledge of the manners and 


customs of European nations gained in his previous residence abroad 
and his lon^;- experience in pubhc affairs, rendered him eminently 
worthy the hont)r conferred. The principal fruits of his labors a^ 
the representative of our ooveriunent were a satisfactory settlement 
of many of the claims of American citizens, some of which had lonjj," 
been pendiji;Li-. ajid rhe conclusion of a Treaty of Commerce and 
Navigation betueen the Ignited States and Portugal. Close appli- 
cation to the duties of his station resulted in impaired health. He 
did not return liome until 1840. when he had leave of absence for 
three months. In June. 1841. being again in the United States, 
he resigned and returned to his home in Maine. 

Here in tlie third senatorial district, he was elected to the 
Senate of Maine for the year 184i^, and re-elected for the following 
year. The long contested northeastern l)oundary question came be- 
fore the Legislature for the last time in 184^. Kavanagh became 
the chairman of the joint select committee to whom that subject 
was referred, and at the special session of the Legislature in May, 
he was by that body chosen one of the commissioners to confer with 
the authoi-ities of the National (rovernment at Washington, touch- 
ing a conventional line between the State of Maine and British 
Provinces. The result of that conference was the agreement upon 
a boundary line as defined in the Webster- Ashburton Treaty of 
lH4:'rl. On the resignation of Governor Fairfield, on the Tth of 
March, 1843. Kavanagh, who had been chosen president of the 
State Senate, was ])y constitutional provision elevated to the ex- 
ecutive chair, the duties pertaining to which station he discharged 
with his customary fidelity and conscientious regard for the public 

Governor Ka\anagh did not marry. • His home was the Kav- 
anagh mansion, an elegant and spacious structure erected by his 
father in 1803. and situated near the foot of Damariscotta Pond. 
His last year was one of ill health, and he passed from this life on 
the i20th of Januai-y. 1844. His remains lie with those of his 
kindred in St. Patrick's churchyard in Newcastle, under the shadow 
of the cross that rises abo\e the historic little church in which three 
generations of his familv have worshipped. 



Entered as second cla>s matter at the post «>ttice. Dover, Maine, by John Francis Sprasrue, 
Editor and Publisher. 

Terms: For all numlK'rs issued liurinjr tlie year, includin^r an index and all. special issues, 
$1.00. Single copies. i.> cents. Bound volumes of s.ime. ^1.7.5. 

Bound volumes of Vol. 1. .<i..')4». Vol. I (Ixmiul) will Ik' furnished to new subscribers to t'.'.e 
Journal for $e.OO. 

Postage prepaid on all items. 

" We must look a little into that process of natioji-making 
which has been goiyig on siiice prehistoric ages and is going 
on here among 2is to-day, and from the recorded experience 
of men in times long past we may gather lessons of infinite 
value for ourselves and for our childreri s children^ 

— John Fiske. 

History in Our Schools 

A special coinnnttee*'* of the American Historical As-sociations 
has been for several years past studying;- the matter of historical 
research and study of history in the public schools, and its report, 
entitled ^'History in Secondary Schools,** is exceedingly valuable 
and should interest school officers and teachers everywhere. It is 
an exhaustive treatise upon this subject and far too lengthy to be 
published in the Joiknal. Among other things it says: "'Because 
we believe so profoundly in the helpfulness of historical study, the 
necessity of bringing the pupils to see the world about them as the 
product of past ages, the value of learning to handle books and to 
think and speak clearly — not alone of quantities in algebra or of 
facts in physics, but of human doing.s- — we wish here distinctly 
to state our belief that all (questions of curriculum are compara- 
tively insignificant. The schools have a right to demand teachers 
that are prepared to teach history and have the ability and the 
spirit to teach it right. Public schools, supported by taxation, 
that are content with the old idea that anybody can teach history, 
that anybody can trace the line of life through the past and give 
his pupils the spark of interest and the fire of useful knowledge, 
have, in our opinion, a distorted conception of their responsibility. 
The great demand of the day is for teachers that have themselves 
inhaled the breath of enthusiasm, and that have knowledge, skill. 

(a) Annual Report of the American Historical Associations for 1910 
(Washington, 1912) page 216. 


and force." * * * * '*Most schools are badly in need of equip- 
ment for doing their work right. Teachers of history, when con- 
trasted with the teachers of science, have been modest in their re- 
quests. In most schools the provision for sound and substantial 
work in history is quite inadequate. Good wall maps, large framed 
photographs of historical remains and historical places, a good 
working general library, a small class-room library with duplicate 
copies of the most important works, lantern slides, which can if 
necessary be shown with an inexpensive portable lantern, cheap 
pictures and reprints of interesting sources for illustration and for 
special study— these are necessities in a school that expects the 
best results. The history teacher is as much entitled to helpful 
apparatus as- the science teacher is to the expensive appliances of his 

Notes and Fragments 

The Indian name for North Yarmouth was Wescustogo; 
Freeport, Hdmiseket (Harrisokt); Harpswell, Meniceneag; Cousins 
Island, Siisqiicsoiig; Cousins River, Slsqulsic. The head of the 
tide on Royal's River, Pumgustuk. 

At a Union Thanksgiving Service held in the Columbia Street 
Baptist Church in Bangor. November 27, 1913, the Reverend 
Edwin C. Brown, who delivered the principal address of the day, 
said : 

''I hold in my hand a copy of a tavern-keeper's bill against 
the committee of arraiigements for the ordination of Reverend 
Samuel \'eazie at Freeport, Maine, December 15, 1806; and in 
addition to charge for meals and lodgings and the baiting of horses, 
are tlie following items: 

To 18 pints rum $9.00 

To W/, pints brandy 5.75 

To seven pints rum 3.50 

To V/, pints gin • 2.25 

To four pints bitters ' 2.00 

47 pints (almost 6 gals, liquor, ) $22.50 


"However stiff may have been the candidate's theological in- 
quisition he was undoubtedly not sounded on the question of tem- 
perance b}' the spirituous council.** 

We have recently seen and examined an old New England 
print of eight pages entitled ''A Narrative of the Wonderful 
Deliverance of Samuel Jennings, Escj.," dated at "Sandwich, 
August 8, 1716,** and reprinted at Augusta by Peter Edes & Son, 
belonging to the collection of William H. Allen, a well known 
newspaper reporter of Livermore Falls. It is a vivid account of 
the writer's impressment in the year 1T03 *'on board a frigate in 
Carlisle Bay, called the Milfoj-d. which was a Station Ship for the 
Island of Barbadoes, ** and his thrilling adventures while in the 
hands of the officers of this vessel and his final "deliverance" from 
them. It is in the form of a letter to a friend and its "advertise- 
ment" states that he died in the vear 1764. 

Mr. Newell White of Thorndike, Maine, writes us as fol- 
lows : 

"In the article on the Bangor Theological Seminary in your 
second issue I notice reference is made to Samuel Moor as a resident 
of Montville in 1816, and Mr. Williamson's note in which he says 
Moor's name does not appear on the town books. The town clerk 
on whom he relied for this statement could not have made a very 
careful search of tlie records, for in the minutes of the first meeting 
of Montville Plantation, held April 4tli. 180^. Samuel 'Mooers' 
is mentioned as ha\ing been chosen Moderator, Samuel Mooers, 
Ezekiel Knowlton and Humphrey Hook. Assessors, who were also 
chosen to lay out moneys foi- the support of the gospel and school- 

"On an old plan of tiie town made about 1815 I find a section 
of land in the south part of the town, on the Belfast road, marked 
'Samuel Mooers. Tavern; void, not moved.' This I take to mean 
that Mooers. like most of tire early settlers, was a squatter, and 
was expected to move. 

"The plan referred to, which includes the present towns of 


Montville, Liberty and a part of Appleton, is an interesting docu- 
ment, being that of Joseph Pierce of Boston, formerly agent for 
the Twenty Associates, whose holdings included this and several 
adjoining towns, 100,000 acres in all. Pierce later purchased the 
unsold lands of the Twenty Associates and most of the early settlers 
derived their titles from him. The plan contains memoranda of 
sales made up to about 1828." 

Thomas Greexwood was born in England and settled in Cam- 
bridge Village in Massachusetts in 1667. He married Hannah, 
daughter of John Ward. Their son John married Elizabeth Jack- 
son and settled in Newton, Massachusetts. John Greenwood, 
the son of John and Elizabeth (Jackson) Greenwood, moved into 
the province of Maine and settled on Alexander Shepard's land, 
now the town of Hebron. 

Their son, Alexander Greenwood, became a land surveyor and 
a citizen of prominence in his day. He lotted the towns of Wood- 
stock in 1801, and Greenwood in Oxford county, and the latter 
town was named for him. He represented the town of Hebron in 
the General Court of Massachusetts in the years 1809, 1811, 1812, 
and 1814, and was also a member of the ]\Iaine Constitution Con- 
vention, 1820. 

He moved into the town of Monson in the year 1822 or 1823, 
and lotted out Monson and other towns in this county. Green- 
wood Pond and Greenwood Mountains were named after him. His 
name is a prominent one on the early records of Monson. In 1827 
he was killed by the falling of a tree near where Williams* mills 
now are in the town of Willimantic. His remains are buried in 
the old Monson village churchyard, and, strange to say, no stone 
of any kind marks his last resting place. 

The writer has in his library a valuable and interesting book 
from the pen of Moses Greenleaf, published in 1815, entitled **A 
Statistical View of the District of Maine, More Especially with 
Reference to the \'alue and Iinp<jrtance of its Interior.'* Mr. 
Greenleaf was then a resident of \Villiamsbur<> in what is now Pis- 


cataquis County, and attained fame as the first map-maker of 
Maine.* From it we learn that from 1785 to 1812, Massachusetts 
had sold and given away to colleges, academies and other institu- 
tions 4,086,292 acres of Maine wild lands; that the average price 
per year ranged from eleven and one-half cents to fifty-eight and 
one-half cents per acre, the total average for the period (twenty- 
seven years) being only about twenty cents per acre. 

Mount Katahdix, in Piscataquis County, Maine, has an eleva- 
tion of five thousand two hundred feet, and is the highest mountain 
in the State according to the United States geological survey. The 
average or mean elevation of the entire State of Maine is six hun- 
dred feet above sea level. 

Ix Jaxiarv of the present year plans were made to found a 
historical department in Skowhegan, and Henry A. Wyman of 
Boston, formerly of that town, has offered one hundred dollars 
toward the project. The idea suggested is to collect and preserve 
all objects and things pertaining to the life and history of the 
town and these to be loaned or given to the public library. This 
would include pictures, books, pamphlets and anything that deals 
with the life of the town. 

The first bank in Maine was established in Portland in 1779 
under a charter granted by the General Court of Massachusetts, 
June 15, 1779. Hugh and Joseph McClellen, Captain Samuel 
Weeks, Joseph Ueering, Elias Thomas, Ebenezer Storer, John 
Mussey, James D. Hopkins, Mathew Cobb and John Tabor were 
the. most prominent among its founders. Hugh McClellen was 
president and John- Abbot, cashier. It was capitalized at one hun- 
dred thousand dollars. 

OxE of the earliest settlers of ancient Cushnoc was John 
Gilley, who attained to the remarkable age of nearly one hundred 

(a) Moses Gre-inieaf, Maine's First Map Maker. A biography by- 
Edgar Crosby Smith. Published by the De Burians (1902). 


and twenty-four years. He was born in Ireland, at Castle Isles on 
the Bridgewater River, about the year 1690, and came to Fort 
Western in 177-5 and enlisted as a soldier. Captain Howard and 
Doctor Benjamin Vaughan investigated the facts relating to his 
birth and became satisfied that he was fully as old as he claimed to 
be. His death occurred in Augusta, July 9, 1813. 

The New England historian, Frederick Kidder, in a sketch ot 
the Abenaki Indians (1859), says the name of the Penobscot is de- 
rived i'rom the Indian words pnobsq, rock, and utoi-et, a place, liter- 
rally, rocky place, — "which no doubt refers to the rocky falls in the 
river near their residence."'' 

In' 1907 an American magazine sent requests to leading men 
of the country to send it a list of eight of the greatest figures in 
American history. Doctor Woodrow Wilson, president of Prince- 
ton University, and now President of the United States, responded 
as follow s : 

"I should very much like to oblige you by complying with 
your request, but it has always seemed to me impossible to give a 
satisfactory answer to such questions. There are so many fields of 
greatness that in picking out a few 'greatest' figures in American 
history, one would probably — indeed, almost certainly — commit 
the error of picking out the most conspicuous." 

At the Constitutional Convention of the District of Maine, 
held at Portland in 1819 to formulate a constitution for the new 
State, the committee on style and title reported that it should be 
called the ''Commonwealth of Maine." An amendment to change 
"Commonwealth" to ''State" was adopted by a vote of one hun- 
dred and nineteen to one hundred and thirteen. Amendments were 
offered to strike out "Maine" and insert "Columbus" and 
"Ligonia, " which were also voted down, and the title, "State of 
Maine," was finally agreed to. 

(a) Maine Historical Collections, Vol. 6, page 233. 


The JorRXAL acknowledges receipt of valuable public docu- 
ment;^ from Honorable Frank E. Guernsey, member of Congress 
from the Fourth Congressional District. 



Among the men of note and activity in the State of Maine, 
who have died recently and were subscribers to the Journal, were 
Honorable George H. Eaton of Calais. Captain Henry N. Fair- 
banks and Honorable Louis C. Stearns of Banuor. General Joshua 
L. Chamberlain of Portland. Judge Oliver G. Hall of Augusta and 
Honorable Albert W. Chapin of Monson. 

Honorable CTeorge H. Eaton 

Mr. Eaton, who died at Calais, Maine, July 9, 191 '3, was 6-t 
years of age, and a prominent lumber merchant and owner of wild 
lands. He was born in Milltown, N. B., educated at Phillips 
Academy and Amherst College. In politics he was a Republican, 
and in religion a Congregationalist. He was president of the Inter- 
national Trust and Banking Company of Calais. He had long been 
a trustee of the Bangor Theological Seminary and was a corporate 
member of the American Board of Foreign Missions; trustee of the 
Calais Academy and the Calais Public Library and one of the vice- 
presidents of the American Sunday School I/nion. He was promi- 
nent in the Masonic Fraternity and had held public offices. He 
was a member of the Maine House of Representatives in 1901 -S 
and of the Senate in 1907-9. 

Honorable I^ouis Colby Stearns 

Judge Stearns was born in Newry, Maine. May 5, 1854. and 
died in Boston, Marcli 4, 1914. He was educated in the public 
schools and Colb\- College, and admitted to the bar of Penobscot 
County, February 29, 1876, and practiced law from that time until 
his decease. 

He began practice in Springfield, Maine, but remained there 


only six years, when in 1882 he removed to Caribou, in Aroostook 
County, and from there went to Bangor in 1899. He was twice 
married, first to Miss Celestia R. Trask of Springfield, Maine, who 
died in 1898, and second to Miss Mary L. Kingsbury in 1907. 
His home after his second marriage was in the adjoining town of 
Hampden where he owned and resided in a beautiful country resi- 
dence on the westerly banks of the Penobscot River. 

In 1885 he vvas elected to the office of Judge of Probate for 
Aroostook County which he held for four years. He was a member 
of the Elaine House of Representatives two sessions (1889-1891), 
and the Maine Senate two sessions (1 897-1899). He was a con- 
servative Republican in his political, and a Unitarian in his religious, 
affiliations, and was a member of the ^Masonic Fraternity. 

He was a brilliant lawyer and loved his profession as only a 
profound student of the law and an active practitioner can esteem 
and love it. 

He had from childhood been a close and industrious student 
along many lines other than the law, and was familiar with the 
highest authorities in ancient and modern history, literature, philoso- 
phy and religion. 

Close and intimate relations with him for a quarter of a century 
impells the writer to say that he possessed a high order of integrity, 
unsurpassed by any and rarely equalled. 

Talented and cultured and an adornment to any society how- 
ever intellectual or refined, yet Democratic in his tastes and methods 
of life, cosmopolitan in his associations, gentle and kindly of heart 
and intensely loyal to his friends, his entire nature overflowing with 
sympathy for man and beast, his character lovable and attractive, 
his personality magnetic, he typified a gentleman in the fullest 
sense of that term. 

His son by his first wife, Louis C. Stearns, Jr., survives him 
and has been his law partner for several years past. 

General Cluunberlain 

The word "great** may be properly and well applied to the life 
and career of Joshua Lawrence Chandjerlain. He was truly great 
as a soldier, as a scholar and as a civilian. He was one of Maine's 
greatest men of his generation. He passed from life unto death 


February 24, 1914, and had attained to the ripe age of 83 years. 
He filled every place in life that fate allotted to him with a wonder- 
ful degree of ability and fidelity. 

As one of Bowdoin's classical teachers, as a military leader in 
the Civil War, as an orator and as a fearless Chief Executive of his 
State, he was loved by every son and daughter of Maine. As "the 
hero of Round Top'' he made for himself an immortal page in the 
world's history. As a student of [Maine's colonial history he had 
but few peers and no superiors. His address delivered at the Cen- 
tennial Exhibition, Philadelphia. November 4, 18T6, and repeated 
before the Maine Legislature, February 6. 1877, entitled "Maine: 
Her Place in History." is a work of immense value and one of the 
monuments to his fame. If measured by his illustrious deeds, his 
life could have been termed a strenuous one, yet it was in fact a 
beautiful persojiification of the simple life, typical of the noblest in 
American citizenship. 

Judge Hall 

01i^er Gray Hall was born in South Thomaston, Maine, 
March 8, 18'34, and died in Augusta, Maine, January 30, 1914. 
He was a descendant of Isaac Hall, first son of an English family 
of Halls who settled in Boston in the early part of the eighteenth 

Judge Hall was one of Maine's prominent jurists. He was 
admitted to the Knox County bar in 1860, and resided in Rock- 
land, Maine, until 1886, when he moved to Waterville, [Maine, 
and later to Augusta. He had served as city clerk, member of the 
school board and city solicitor of Rockland, Maine; had been judge 
of its police court and member of the board of aldermen, and regis- 
ter of probate for Knox County. He was a special tax conunissioner 
for Maine in 1889. May 2. 1890, Governor Burleigh appointed 
him judge of the Kennebec Superior Court to succee<l Judge 
William Penn Whitehouse, and he retired May 2, 1911. He was 
a member of the Masonic order, the Abnaki and Unity Clubs, the 
Kennebec Historical Society and the Maine Historical Society. 

Ca]>tain Henry N. Fairbanks 

Captain Henry N. Fairbanks was l)orn in Wayne, Maine, 
October 24, 1838, the son of George W. and Lucy (Lovejoy) 

MORTUARY ' / 49 

Fairbanks. He was in the Civil War as a member of the Third 
Maine, the Forty-fourth Massachusetts and the Thirtieth Maine 
Regiments. In the latter he was appointed first sergeant of Com- 
pany E, and was promoted to second lieutenant for brave conduct 
as a soldier. He served in Banks* Red River expedition, in 
Sheridan's campaign in the Shenandoah Valley, being wounded in 
he battle of Monetfs Bluff. Red River. Louisiana, April 23, 1864. 
He was mustered out of service with his regiment August 20, 1865. 
He was a successful life insurance solicitor and had charge of the 
business of the Connecticut ^Mutual Life Insurance Company in 
Maine for forty -six years. He held many public positions of trust 
and served all with faithfulness. In 1880 he was chosen a director 
in the European and North American Railway. He was three 
rears a member of the Bangor Common Council, and its president 
in 1881-1882. He was a member of the Maine House of Repre- 
sentatives in 1893-1895. He was active in the political affairs of 
liis city, having served as chairman of the Republican city com- 
mittee of Bangor. He was a Knight Templar, a member of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, tlie Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion, the Society of Mayflower Descendants, the Society of the 
Colonial Wars, the Sons of the American Revolution, the Bangor 
Historical Society, tlie Twentieth Century Club and the Unitarian 
Church. On October 24. 186T, in Farmington, Maine, he mar- 
ried Abby Anna Woodworth, who died in 1909. They had three 
children, of whom but one survives — Mrs. Alfred K. Bennett, now 
of Pasadena, California. Captain Fairbanks died in Bangor. He 
was a good citizen and a true man. 

Honorable Albert \Vhitney Chapin 

Albert Whitney Chapin died at his home in ^lonson. Maine, 
March 24, 1914. He was born there June 11, 1841, and was the 
son of Aretas Chapin, born in Monson, Massachusetts, in 1806, who 
was the son of Captain Amasa Chapin, born in 1782, and who was 
one of the little colony of Monson, Massachusetts, families who were 
amonir the first settlers of what is now Monson, Maine. The 
Chapins descended from Samuel Chapin who emigrated from England 
to Springfield, Massachusetts, in the early part of the seventeenth 


century. It has been said that he was of English or Welsh origin,^ 
Albert Whitney Chapin, in July, 1862, enlisted as a private in 
Company E, Eighteenth Maine Regiment, which later became known 
as the First Maine Heavy Artiller}-. He was engaged in the battles 
of Spottsylvania and other engagements and was severely wounded 
in front of Petersburg. He was later promoted to a sergeant, and 
subsequently to lieutenant. For many years he was a prominent 
business man in ]\lonson, engaged largely in real estate dealings and 
was one of the first to aid in developing the slate industry in that 
town. He was for many years chairman of the board of selectmen 
and had held other town offices. 

In 1890 he was elected to the State senate from Piscataquis 
County when a Democrat, although the county was normally Re- 
publican by a majority of a thousand or more. His election was 
accomplished by independent Republicans dissatisfied with local 
party management uniting with the Democrats. In 1896 Mr. 
Chapin became a Republican and served as postmaster for several 

He was a man of very positive traits of character and a pro- 
gressive and public spirited citizen, and did much towards the 
development of the present prosperous village of Monson. He was 
a charter member and past master of Doric Lodge, No. 149, F. ^ 
A. M., and of Piscataquis Chapter at Foxcroft. He was also a 
member of Loyal Legion, the G. A. R. and the U. V. U. He was 
a member of Monson Grange, the Piscataquis Historical Society 
and one of the trustees of Monson Academy. 

Colonel Charles A. Clark 

Colonel Charles A. Clark was born in Sangerville, Maine, the 
same town in which was the birthplace of Sir Hiram Maxim, Janu- 
ary 26, 1S41, and was the son of William Goding and Elizabeth 
White Stevens Clark, and a descendant of Hugh Clark, who settled 
in Watertown, Massachusetts, in 1640. William G. Clark was a 
lawyer in Sangerville, and the Clark family were early settlers and 
prominent people in that town in those days. Colonel Clark was 
the first man to volunteer from Piscatacjuis County for the Civil 
War. When a student at Foxcroft Academv he enlisted, April 

(a) Biographical Review. (Boston 1898). Vol. 29, p. 20. 


24f, 1861, in Company A, Sixth Maine Infantry.'^ He became first 
lieutenant and adjutant, and remained with this regiment until 
honorably discharged, February 1, 1864, because of wounds re- 
ceived in battle. He reentered the army in April of the same 
year, being commissioned by President Lincoln as captain and 
assistant adjutant general of volunteers. As a soldier he won fame 
for his bravery. He was in the battle of the Rappahannock, in the 
fierce charge upon the heights of Fredericksburg, and participated in 
all of the principal engagements of the army of the Potomac. At 
the close of the war he returned home, and after studying law with 
Albert W. Paine of Bangor, he was admitted to the bar. He 
married Miss Helen E. Brockway of Brockway's ^lills, in Sanger- 
ville, December 10, 1863, and after admission to the bar removed 
to the State of Iowa, and settled in Cedar Rapids in 1876, where 
he remained until his death. Colonel Clark became one of the 
prominent and leading lawyers of the Middle West. In politics he 
was a Democrat until 1896, when he became a Republican, but 
never engaged in political affairs to any great extent, although he 
had served as mayor of his city and held other honorable positions 
and was often urged by his friends to become a candidate for polit- 
ical preferment, but he preferred to devote his energies to his life 
profession, he having a large and lucrative practice. He died in 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, December 22, 1913. 

Honorable Enoch Foster 

Honorable Enoch Foster died in Portland, Maine, November 
15, 1913. He was born in Newry, Oxford County, Maine, May 
10, 1839. He was a direct descendant of Reginald Foster, a lead- 
ing man in colonial times in Massachusetts who came to America 
from Brunton, England, in 1638. He served in the Civil War three 
years and had an honorable military record. He enlisted in Co. PI, 
Thirteenth Maine Regiment, as second lieutenant and was promoted 
to first lieutenant. Later he was made provost marshal by General 
Banks. He served in this position two years when he resigned and 

(a) While attending the academy his room-mate was Sewall C. Gray of 
Exeter, Maine, and as both decided to enlist immediately upon the breaking 
out of the war, they tossed a coin to decide 'which should have the honor of 
enlisting first, and it fell upon Colonel Clark. 


took part in the Red River Expedition. He was a graduate of 
Bowdoin College and the Albany Law School and was admitted to 
the bar in 1865. He practiced law in Bethel, Elaine, 14 years and 
was a member of the Senate of Maine in 1867. In 1884 Governor 
Frederick Robie appointed him an associate justice of the Maine 
Supreme Judicial Court and he served for a period of 14 consecutive 
years. After leaving the bench he resumed the practice of the law 
in Bethel but soon removed to Portland, where on February 15, 1899, 
he formed a law partnership with Honorable Oscar H. Hersey and 
again entered upon a brilliant career as one of the foremost lawyers 
at the bar of Maine. That lasted until his last sickness which 
terminated in his death. Judge Foster was one of the brightest 
men that ever filled a judicial position in Maine. He was the peer 
of any of his associates or predecessors and had no superiors. His 
retirement from the bench was a distinct loss to the State and was 
deepl}- regretted by all mcml)ers of the court, of the bar and by the 
leading and public men throughout Maine. His intellectual at- 
tainments were great, and he was an eloquent and forceful public 
speaker, an orator of ability and renown. His last public act of 
importance was his attendance as a delegate from Maine to the Pro- 
gressive National Convention in Chicago in 1912. 


"Notes on Colonial Penobscot" in this Joikxal, number 1, 
volume 1, bring up the name of Begarduce, its origin and meaning. 
The forms Bagaduce, ]\Iatchebignatus, Maja-bagaduce, Biguyduce, 
Bigayduce, Baggadoose and others are recorded and there seems as 
yet no authorized form of the word and no settled opinion as to its 
meaning. In the Joiuxal referred to, Judge Williamson is noted as 
saying that it "might have been derived from Marchebagaduce, 
which he coFisiders as an Indian word meaning 'No good cove' ;" 
but he also asserts that it was named for a French officer, Major 


This mythical * 'major** appeared elsewhere among our ances- 
tors* attempts to adopt Indian names. I have heard old people 
speak of ]\Iajor Hindoo; but what they meant was marjee honta, 
the evil spirit. The Indians often used it as an exclamation precisely 
equivalent to '*The Devil'.** and the settlers took it in a corrupted 
form and used it in the same way as an expletive, only they said 
*'Major Hindoo!** Our Major Bigayduce came about in a similar 

My father, the late Manly Hardy, used to cruise much with the 
Penobscot Indians along the coast, and he was told by them that 
Marge-bagaduce (by any spelling preferred) meant "a bad landing- 
place for canoes.** It referred to the shore at Castine, exposed to 
the open sea and in those days covered with rocks and boulders which 
have since been cleared away. As a birch canoe was as fragile as an 
eggshell, this roughness of tlie shore was dreaded by the Indians 
and so gave the place its name. 

I would also call attention to the fact that the road which 
passes through Holden, past the Town Hall and so up over the 
Hart Hill, was the old road to Castine and is still often called the 
Baggaduce Road. The name, in my youth, was especially applied 
to about a mile of the road between the Town Hall and the Gilmore 
settlement and would be quite inexplicable were it not understood 
as a survival in a fragment oidy of a name once of much wider ap- 

Faxnik Hardy Eckstorm. 

Brewer, March 12, IQU. 

Sayings of Subscribers 

From JuDGK Simmons of North Anson, Maine: 
"I enjoy the Journal very much." 

Mr. Arthur G. Staples of Lewiston, Maine, ^lanager of the Lewis- 
ton Journal, writes : 

"I wish to pay my compliments for the excellence of your 
Journal of Maine History, the latest number of which has just 
arrived. Your devotion to the work is in itself distinctive in these 


"days ; and would be worthy of commendation were the results less 
satisfactory. Add to that the work itself, it is so neatly done, so 
admirably edited and so sincere in e\ery way, that I feel that it is 
my duty and pleiisure to say so to you. Good will and many more 

Elizabeth K. Folso.m of Exeter, New Hampshire, the genealogist 

of the Folsom family of America, says : 

"Volume 1 has been a source of great pleasure to me in giving 
glimpses of Maine's early history, and trust the good work will go 
on for many years, until e\ ery little town and village has its place 
in Sprague's Journal, since the pioneers of each struggling settle- 
ment should come in for their share of historical notice in prose, 
poetry and picture. ** 

Mr. Gkokge W. Norton, the well known eilitor-in-chief of the Port- 
land Evening Express, also writes : 

"While I have known something about your historical maga- 
zine, I have just had my attention for the first time called especially 
and particularly to it and the value of it. I want to congratulate 
you upon the enterprise and to wish for it every possible success.*' 

Honorable Isaac \V. Dyer, lawyer and politician of Portland: 

"I congratulate you on being able to carry your praiseworthy 
eptei*prise of a Journal of Maine History forward another year, and 
here is my small contri})ution to your public spirited effort."' 

Mr. Henry L. \\'ebster of Gardiner, Maine, treasurer of the 
Gardiner Sa\ ings Rank, and a writer of Maine history, says : 
"I was much interestetl in the sketch of Judge Jones in the last 
number of the Journal. Francis Richards, thei*e mentioned as a 
grandson of the Judge, came to Gardiner where he married a daugh- 
ter of Robert Hallowell Gardiner. There are four sons now living, 
Geo. H. Richards, a Roston lawyer. Gen. John T. Richards, now 
at the head of the Soldiers' Home at Togus, Henry Richards of 
Gardiner, and Robert Richards, a Harvard i)r()fessor. The wife of 
Henry Richards is Laura E. Richards, the authoress, and a daughter 
of Julia A\'ard Howe." 

Henry M. Packard, civil engineer, Guilford, Maine: 
"It is a good Magazine. I wish you success." 



John* C. Stewart, lawver, York A'illa^e. Maine: 
"I enjoy the Journal very much." 

Mrs. FanxIk Hardy Eckstor>[ of Brewer, one of Maine's famous 

authors : 

"I am enclosino- my check for another year's subscription to 
your Httle Magazine. It has given good measure this year and I 
wish it success." 

T. H. Smith of Chicago, in renewing his subscription for the 

Journal says : 

"I have not lost interest in the Old Pine Tree State, although 
most of those I knew years ago are among those who have passed 
on. Hon. Joseph ^V. Porter (A\'ayfarer) when on the Governor's 
Council sent me mv first connnission as Justice of the Peace." 

Sir Hiram Maxim 

Spokane, Wash., Feb. 17, 1914. 
To the Editor of Sprague's Journal of Maine History: 

On page 197 of the Journal it is stated that Sir Hiram Maxim "enlisted 
as a soldier in the Union Army and served in the Civil War." I think there 
is some mistake about this. Can you give any information regarding it? 


We find that the statement referred to is not entirely correct. He did 
enlist in the first company of Maine Volunteers that was raised in the town 
of De.xter, Maine. This company, however, did not go farther than Augusta, 
where it was disbanded and the Volunteers returned to their homes. 


Information AVanted 

Data in regard to George W. French is desired for biographical purposes. 
Mr. French was once Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Dakota and 
moved to Wyoming where he was Secretary of the Territory in 1875. It is 
supposed that he was a native of Maine. Address, 
Sprague's Journal, Dover, Maine. 
Or Frank L. Houx, Sec. of State, Cheyenne, Wyoming. 

Information is wanted in relation to the date of the birth and death of 
Jacob Clifford, and the genealogy of his descendants. 

He was born at or near Westbrook about 1726, and is supposed to have 
died in the vicinity of Fort Point about 1790. Address, 

Helen Clifford Harriman, Milford, N. H. 


Order for Submission of the Province of Maine 
by the General Court of Massachusetts Bay 

(Farnhani Papers)'' 

Mav 27, / T^^o 
T • ^ ' 1668. 
June 6, \ 

By an order of the General Court for the submission of the 
Province of Maine, Massachusetts resumed government o\ er Gorges* 
original and entire province. After the report of the King's com- 
missioners in 1665 the order of the General Court would seem, on 
its face, like an act of usurpation. However, a timely gift of masts, 
"as a manifestation of their loyalty and good affection." completely 
disarmed his majesty of any suspicion of dishonesty on the part of 
Massachusetts. He acknowledged the present in most gracious 
words, — ''What they have now done has been exceeding acceptable; 
he will always look on them as part of his care to provide for their 
peace and welfare in all things. * * * * j^^ shall be ready 
at any time to receive any of their just desires and requests ;'*' 
"Colonial Papers," \'ol. XXIII. 

ITie order was entered in the records of the "Governor and 
Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England." and is found 
in the printed "Records," IV, part II, STO, 371 ; it is also in 
James Sullivan, "History of the District of Maine" (Boston, 1795), 
375, 376. 

The text adopted is that of the printed "Records.'* 

Whereas this colony of the Massachusetts, in observance of the 
trust to them comitted by his maj^-^"" royal 1 charter, w^*^ the free & 
full consent & submission of the inhabitants of the county of Yorke, 
for sundry yeares did exercise go\ennnt ouer the people of that 
county; and whereas alxjut three reares now [)ast some inten-uption 
hauebinn made to the peace of that place. ^: order there established, 
by the imposition of some who, pretending to serue his maj*-^'' inter- 
est, w'^ vnjust aspersions ^: reflections vpon this goverinnt here estab- 
lished by his royall charter, haue vnwarrantably draune the inhabi- 
tants of that county to »j,ubjection vnto officers that haue no royall 

(a) Documentary History of Maine (Farnham Papers) Vol, 7, p. 317. 


warranty, thereby infringing the libertjes of our charter, Si depriu- 
ing the people there settled of their just priuiledges, — 

The effect whereof doeth now appeare to be not only a dis- 
service to his maj^, but also the reducing od a people that were 
found vnder an orderly establishment to a confused anarchy. 

The premisses being duely considered, this Court doe judge 
meete, as in duty they stand bound to God & his majesty, to declare 
their resolution againe to exert their power of jurisdiction ouer the 
inhabitants of the sajd county of Yorke, — 

And doe hereby accordingly, in his maj^^"^ name, require all and 
euery of the inhabitants there setled to yeild obedience to the lawes 
of this colony, as they haue been orderly published, and to all such 
officers as shall be there legally stated by the authority of his maj^-'^ 
royall charter, ik the order of our comissioners, whom this Court 
hath nominated and impowered to setle all officers necessary for the 
govennnent of the people there, ^ to keepe a Court this psent sum- 
mer the first Tuesday in July, at Yorke Toune, as haue been formerly 

And for that end wee haue comanded our secretary to issue out 
warrants to the inhabitants there in their respective tounes, to meet 
& choose jurors, lx)th grand *" petit, constables ik other officers, for 
the service of the country, as the lawe requireth ; the sajd warrants 
to be directed vnto Nathaniel Masterson, who is by this Court ap- 
pointetl the marshall of that county as fformerly, ^ by him the sajd 
warrants are to be deliuered to the seuerall constables, to be accord- 
ingly executed. A due observance whereof, w^'^ an orderly returne, 
to he made to the Court, to be held as abouesajd, is hereby rec^uired 
of all persons respectively concerned, as as they will answer the Con- 
trary at their perill. 

By the Court. 

EDAV : RAA\'SON, Secretv. 

Selections From P^merson 

Every man when alone is sincere. xVt the entrance of a third 
person, hypocrisy Ijegins. 

Faces are a record in sculpture of a thousand anecdotes of 
whinj and foil v. 


Norridgewock has furnished to the State and country at large 
a good share of its eminent men and women. It has given to 
Maine one attorney general, John S. Abbott ; to the Supreme Court 
of Maine, one chief justice, John S. Tenney, and one associate 
justice, Charles Danforth ; and it has given to the nation three rep- 
resentati\es to Congress, James Bates, Cullen Sawtelle and Stephen 
D. Lindsey. Among the noted literary people from Norridgewock 
are Caroline Fletcher Dole of Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, and 
Nathan Haskell Dole of Massachusetts, one of the finest Russian 
scholars in the United States, and translator of Tolstoi's works ; 
Henry W. Savage of Boston; Rebecca S. Clark, known as Sophie 
May, the noted authoress of children's books, and her gifted sister, 
Miss Sarah J. Clark, known as Penn Shirley — authors kno\vn from 
one side of the continent to the other; Mary Abbott Rand, a writer 
of many l)ooks for young people, and Reverend Minot Savage, who 
has wTitten over thirty books, not mentioning the ones of lesser 

j{ Nov Moiiiil Kiiieo House and Annex {{ 

H 31oo!>»olieu<l I^Jtko^ Kiiieo, >laiine. || 

IJ In the Centre of the Great Wilderness on a Peninsula Under the 'j 

ij Shadow of Mount Kineo. M 

li On the Kabt side of the most beautiful lake in New Enji:land, forty S! 

M" miles \o\\}i and t\\enty miles wide, dotted with islands, and with hundreds !! 

Ig of smaller lakes and streams in easy proximity, in the midst of some of |j 

JJ the grandest scenery in Ameriea. is the Jj 


» recently remoleled and with man / improvements added: making it second to none for g| 

comfort, convenience and recreation. PI 

11 It is a Palace in the Maine wi^txis and in the heart of the j?reat game region. 11 

|g This region leads all others for trout and salmon. Spring and Summer fishing. || 

^ The NEW MOUNT KINEO HOUSE opens June 27th, remaining ^ 

[^ open to September 28th. New Annex opens May 16, Closes Sept. 28 ||| 



JJ containing full description of its attractions for health and pleasure during the Summer »J 

II season. First-class transportation facilities offered during the seasons. || 

M Hicker Hotel Company, Kineo, Maine n 

{{ C. A. .Il'IIKINS, >I».iu{t< r. jj 


List of Books Wanted. 

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Fort Halithx 

(Reproduced from Vol. 8, p. v:.h. of tin- CoIIoctitJiis of t)u« M:iiiu' Historiral Society.) 

As it stood in 1775. in what is now the town of Winslow in Kennebec County. 
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Sprague's Journal of Maine History 

Vol. II JULY, 1914 No. 2 

Centenary of War 1812-15 

Naval Combat of Enterprise and Boxer September 

5, 1813 

By Reverend Henry O. Thayer 

The centennial years of the War of 1812 are rapidly passing-. 
They have presented reasons to recall occurrences, by public assem- 
blies and celebrations to retell the story of events, or by memorial 
observances to honor heroic deeds, as was done in memory of 
"Perry's Victory on I^ike Erie." 

It is laudable and may be profitable during the centennial 
period for the press of New England to aid the memory of citizens 
to revert to that war and its meaning, and to instruct a new gener- 
ation in one matter of national history ; and it is fitting that in 
Maine should be retold the story of the engagement between the 
Enterprise and the Boxer, September 5, 1813. 

It chanced that Maine had a share in the exploits of that war 
by a naval battle close upon her coast seen and heard by many of 
her people. In treating of it the writer proposes no new detailed 
narration ; numerous libraries offer the information by brief state- 
ment, or in full particulars to any seeker for the facts. It is my 
purpose only to consider certain phases of the engagement, includ- 
ing pertinent references to past historical treatment, and emphasi- 
zing several incidents of the conflict, by adding some hitherto un- 
published materials. 

I. Combat Located 

Any one who has sought in many historical works comprehen- 
sive views of the war, and for any reason has given special notice 
to this one engagement, has not failed to perceive variant opinions 
respecting the place where the Yankee and the Briton contended 
for the prize of war. 

Narrowly viewed it may be esteemed a trifling matter, but the 
entire movements of the vessels during two days are required for the 
clear apprehension and historical setting of the occurrence. Tri- 
fling items combine to make the fullness and truth of history. 


Maine's excellent historian, Williamson, wrote not twenty years 
after the event. He states that the Boxer was ordered to cruise off 
Portland in order to bring on an engagement. His form of state- 
ment implied that the Enterprise was stationed there and responded 
upon challenge, and the tight then took place. His trusted accu- 
racy and authority may have aided in guiding subseijuent writers 
and in establishing an opinion that "'otF Portland" was the scene 
of the combat. Certainly that opinion has widely prevailed to the 
present time, as many volumes and lesser publications give evidence. 

It will be found in at least four biographical dictionaries of 
dates from 1857 to 1910. Winsor's profound Critical History has 
it "near Portland;" Bryant's Popular History, "in sight of Port- 
land;" J. S. C. Abbott's History of Elaine repeats AMUiamson; 
Harper's Encyclopaedia of U. S. History, 1912, asserts ''off Port- 
land,*' changing the statement of an earlier edition; an able local 
investigator of that city published the same. During recent dec- 
ades a leading religious newspaper of Boston has three times at 
separate periods, so asserted in its children's department; a Port- 
land newspaper of the passing centennial day of the engagement 
gave Portland and Casco bay as the locality. Other instances are 
not needed to show the existence of the opinion within and without 
the state. 

In support of this belief our honored poet Longfellow has had 
weighty influence, though seldom are poets trustworthy historians. 
But it is by no means certain that the restrictions of rhyme allowed 
the clear utterance of his real opinion. Indeed he wrote of "the 
sea-fight far-away,*' and then in the cadence of four lines was 
woven the poet's reminiscent vision of two distinct facts, the fight 
and the burial, the shotted guns of the far away combat and the 
requiem guns resounding over the bay. 

If historical students and writers, however informed, have 
drawn conclusions which assign the conflict to the vicinity of Port- 
land, then ordinary readers and persons claiming some knowledge 
of the Enterprise-Boxer affair will in large majority be expected to 
declare the same })elief. Such seems to be the fact in that city and 
in the state and in other states. 

The authors cited, however, cannot be esteemed a majority. 
Several historians have written no more definitely than "the 

CENTENARY OP^ WAR 1812-15 65 

coast of Maine/' One assertion is broadly made ''between Cape 
Elizabeth and Seguin.** Another definitely, ''near the mouth of 
the Kennebec." Others point farther east to the place of the en- 
counter, '"open sea inside Monhegan;" again "outside"' and "off 
Monhegan;*' but a larger number only localize the engagement by 
reference to Pemaquid or to its bay or point. Of these, first 
stands Lossing's War of 1812, (]868), a work of exacting re- 
search and authority; Harper's Cyclopaedia, 1892; F. S. Hill. 
Twenty-Six Ships, 1903; and nine others to be hereafter men- 

It is justly due and is fully conceded to all writers who have 
declared for the Portland location to believe that the opinion would 
not have been entertained had they been able to consider intelli- 
gently the official report of the engagement. 

A glance is here desirable at the state of local war affairs. At 
the beginning of September, 1813, the Enterprise had been ordered 
to the Eastern coast. J. Fenimore Cooper says she was to cruise 
from Cape Ann to the Bay of Fundy, to deal with swarming smug- 
glers and British privateers. The plan, however, had become 
known at Halifax and the Boxer, newly fitted out at St. John, was 
on the lookout for the Yankee brig; indeed had just previously 
sailed as far as the Kennebec and returned eastward. 

The Enterprise had entered on her duty, and sailing from 
Portsmouth harbor had anchored in Portland harbor on the third 
of the month. Her commander, Lieutenant Burrows, gained no in- 
formation that such a vessel as his antagonist proved to be was on 
the coast, but sailing out on the morning of the fourth, (Satur- 
day), and getting rumors of privateers about Monhegan, stood 
away for that island. 

Early the next morning when off Pemaquid, a sail was de- 
scried, — a brig, wholly unknown, and Captain Burrows (to be 
called so, though in rank only a lieutenant) must discover whether 
friend or enemy. It was the Boxer at anchor in Pemaquid Bay, — 
a local report said, between John's Island and the shore. After 
reconnaissance for a time, more needed by the Enterprise than the 
other, the Boxer's ensigns were hoisted, accompanied by the chal- 
lenge gun. This by naval etiquette was an invitation to further ac- 
quaintance and proclaimed the waiting vessel an eager adversary. 

■'i!^^^'. ^^. V: 


The Enterprise now tacked to the south and ran out to the 
open sea and was followed by the Boxer as if in chase, — botli stand- 
ing out a few miles west of Monhegan. Such was the meeting of 
the combatiints, — the first stage of the engagement. It took place 
not "off Portland,'" but nearly forty miles east, at Pemaquid. 
After those first courtesies of naval warfare, the two brigs, with 
defiant ensigns aloft, sought the free range of the open sea for the 
test of ships, and guns, and men. 

These events of the morning of the fatal day are taken from 
reports made after the death of Captain Burrows, by the senior of- 
ficer in command. Lieutenant Edward Rutley McCall. His own 
signature was ArCall, but the other form has come into use. 

Captain Burrows sought full sea-room off shore for his tactics ; 
— first, to discover the character of his antagonist, for his was the 
caution of true courage and prudence, not recklessly to risk his 
ship by engaging if disparity of size and guns was too great; also, 
he wished to test the sailing qualities of the foe and to seek the 
advantage of position. 

II. Aged Seaman's Account 

Information respecting incidents of the engagement, as well as 
its location, I am fortunately able to draw directly from a trusty 
source, a seaman who participated in the fight. 

It was my privilege to know an aged Kennebec shipmaster, a 
sturdy, strong-minded seaman of the old school. Captain William 
Barnes of Woolwich, who when a youth of seventeen served one of 
the guns of the Enterprise on the fateful day. He was neither re- 
luctant nor desirous to talk of the cruise and the fight; indeed 
frowned upon the thought that any distinction was due thereby. I 
was told that in former days at social or public gatherings, he had 
repelled attempts to do him honor, by toast or eulogy. Forcibly 
he declared to me his scorn for honors derived from warfare, em- 
phatically asserting war to be wicked slaughter. 

He informed me that in the anxious hours of preliminary tac- 
tics the contestants ranged and circled in free sea- room between 
Monhegan and Seguin. Here was the arena of conflict ; in extreme 
length twenty-one miles, but much less in their actual range. I 
gained the old seaman's estimate of distances and position at the 


hour of the final duel. The locality as I apprehended it, will best 
be shown by reference to a diagram in my note book made at the 
interview. Join Monhegan and Seguin by a Ime; extend a line 
from each, of nearly eijual length, to intersect a few miles further 
sea-ward, forming a triangle. The apex of the triangle movable 
as the brigs held the eastward tack will represent the ocean space 
of combat where, after six hours of maneuvering, in part becalmed, 
the vessels closed in and their broadsides thundered. The offing of 
Damariscove island nearly agrees with the estimate; or a close ap- 
proximation to the fact will be Longitude 69', 36' and Latitude 
43'-, 42'. 

An aged woman of Georgetown told me of viewing the battle 
at no long distance easterly. A statement in an addi'ess on Sep- 
tember 9, 1913, before the Portland Board of Trade by Mr. Fritz 
H. Jordan points to the same locality, and is in closer agreement 
than any other account so far found, with the description given by 
the aged captain. 

A fair presumption, therefore, will place the vessels at the first 
broadside some eight miles southeasterly from Seguin ; their move- 
ments during forty-five minutes in action would advance them at 
surrender well towards the offinor of ^lonhecran several miles out to 
sea. Captain Barnes asserted one disadvantage of the Boxer: 
the brig stood higher out of the water and offered a better target. 
He mentioned, as have others, how badly cut up she was both 
alx)ve and below; that eight eighteen-pound shot holes were in one 
plank in her hull, near the water line; her condition required that 
twenty-two men be put to the pumps, and had rough weather come 
on, she would ha\ e foundered before reaching Portland. Commo- 
dore Hull when later he examined the prize said there was difficulty 
in keeping her afloat to get her in. 

Young Barnes was stationed at the second gun aft and saw 
much of his connnander. Of the fatal wound he told how at a 
moment of special need Burrows stept forward to aid in running a 
gun into place, and while bent o^er, with foot for advantage on the 
bulwarks to exert all his strength, a musket ball drove in at the 
groin and upward into his body. Further he asserted that Lieu- 
tenant McCall refused to take command, but yielding to the ob- 
vious demand, I conclude that he with his associate, Lieutenant 


Tillinghast, continued the action aided by suggestions and direc- 
tions of their commander, who heroically endured his suffering and 
refused to be carried from the deck. His death delayed eight 
hours. His antagonist, Captain Blythe, was instantly killed at the 
beginning of the combat. 

Captain Barnes further gave high commendation to Tilling- 
hast, and regarded him the superior of the two in efficiency. He 
thought him deserving a major share of praise for the success when 
the two officers were forced to take such responsibility. The Boxer 
once attempted boarding, which was skillfully evaded, yet her jib 
dragged along the ^Enterprise's quarter. 

Another unreported incident was detailed by Captain Barnes 
who as a member of the crew was fully cognizant of the facts. A 
subordinate officer, the sailing master. Harper by name, he regarded 
a coward, but also called him a braggart, yet he was the first to 
show weak knees in the action, left his post, ran about, kneeled to 
peek over the bulwarks to see what was going on. During the pre- 
ceding hours of the commander's sailing tactics, his talk to the 
men was unworthy of a seaman in his position, harmful, insubordi- 
nate, through casting reflections on his commander, declaring in 
loose talk before the crew, — "Oh, there'll be no fight; he won't 
fight; he'll run away; I'm ashamed; I'll quit the service. '' For 
this conduct he was summoned before a court martial, was con- 
demned and cashiered. J^arnes asserted, ''He only saved his neck 
because he did not stand well with the crew,'' the board of in- 
quiry believing their testimony was biased and hostile, more damag- 
ing than the facts warranted. Full details of the case are desirable, 
but minutes and findings of the board of inquiry were doubtless de- 
stroyed with other naval records. Four men on the Boxer were 
examined and listed for cowardly deserting their posts. 

A recent historian has a story germane to the Harper case, 
which gives support to the statement of Captain Barnes. Prepar- 
ing for the fight which he planned to make, Captain Burrows had a 
long nine brought aft and placed to play out of a stern port, even 
cutting awav woodwork to get range. Some looked on the pro- 
ceeding with startled eyes and in suspense, and subdued talk went 
around that the captain was planning to run away and had put out 
the gun to be a stern chaser and ensure escape. The intense feeling 

CENTENARY OF WAR 1812-15 69 

brought a party of men together, who decided to make representa- 
tions to the captain of their sentiments and fears and declare their 
eagerness to meet the enemy. Their delegate, F. H. Aulick, proved 
weakhearted in going aft and only gave the message to Lieutenant 
McCall who reported it to the captain. The answer given was clear 
and emphatic, they would speedily have the tighting they wanted. 
I must presume that the suspicion and restiveness among the crew 
grew out of the sailing master's reprehensible talk. Burrows* 
scheme was justified by results, for the long nine, suspected as a de- 
fence in timorous flight, proved in the action a telling weapon of 
offense, by its raking fire, which possibly decided the battle. 

At the time of my interview, Captain Barnes had passed the 
fourscore line, but had a clear mind and an alert memory, with 
forty-seven years of sea service to his credit. I stood by the 
shrouded form at the end, ^larch 4, 1882, at the hour of silent 
final departure from his home. Probably then was starred the last 
remaining name on the list of the gallant crew who saw the Boxer's 
braggart nailed flag torn down. He had attained eighty-five years ; 
was a native of Berwick. His share of the prize money, unless my 
pencil failed, was sixty-two dollars and fifty cents. I have also 
notes from business documents, believed authentic, showing the ag- 
gregate sales of the Boxer and ecjuipment to be eleven thousand 
six hundred seventy-four dollars with expenses of five hundred four- 
teen dollars, and each seaman's share as fifty-five dollars and thirty- 
one cents. After her captain's death. Lieutenant David M'Creery 
took command. 

Her capture was a bitter pill to British expectations and pride. 
Explanations and excuses were many. . Grouchy individuals cast 
curses on the brig without cause. A Halifax writer said she be- 
longed to a despicable class of vessels. A London publication de- 
clared it a mistake to send her to America; "not strong enough to 
fight, nor fleet enough to escape by flight; we do not believe she 
was calculated for any other service than taking coals for the coast- 
ing trade." Some minimized the size of the crew and salved the 
soreness of defeat. Much dispute was raised on the comparative 
size of the crews; it was maintained they were nearly equal; Com- 
m(xlore Hull believed by reckoning hammocks and similar fittings 
and other facts obtained, that the Boxer entered the fight with 


about one hundred men, while the crew of the Enterprise numbereil 
one hundred and two. Some recent writers believe they find evi- 
dence that the Boxer's roll was sixty-six. The British government 
was assailed in London because it never issued an official report. 

Captain Barnes said the Boxer's crew, expectant of meeting 
and capturing the Enterprise, deridingly called her "Shingle Jack,*' 
but the Yankee crew when they learned that the vessel at anchor 
in the harbor was callino; in bv sisjnal j?uns her boats ashore, re- 
turned the compliment, "Ah! we understand; chicken stealing,'" — 
in allusion to foragincr on farm houses. 

A party from the Boxer had gone on Saturday to Monhegan ; 
they were the surgeon, H. Anderson, two midshipmen, Nixon and 
Pile, and an army lieutenant on board for his health, J. A. Allen. 
The latter in a defensive statement wrote that the three accom- 
panied the surgeon who had been invited to visit a crippled son of 
Josiah Starling, a prominent man of the island. A London sketch 
declared they went "pigeon shooting:'* — both stories are probably 
true, for after the surgeon's half hour with the sick boy, he and his 
companions could seek their game. 

As the Boxer sailed out from Pemaquid they expected to be 
taken off, and took a small boat to reach their ship. But Captain 
Blythe was so intent on the expected seizure of a prize that he 
drove on, seemingly without a thought that his surgeon might be 
needed, as was the desperate demand a few hours later. On the 
next day a party of armed men, as Allen asserted, came and took 
them prisoners. They sought to evade arrest by putting them- 
selves under the protection of two men, Sampson and Thomas, 
agreeing to be taken by them anywhere in the L^nited States. 
The trick availed nothing, and they were taken away to the same 
custody in Portland as the van(iuished crew. 

III. Erroneous Geography 

One mystifying word, surprisingly uninterpreted, has kept 
place from then till now in the chief histories of that naval action. 

The officers of the Enterprise were strangers to the coast ot 
Maine, except something learned from imperfect sea chai-ts. In 
sighting the Boxer they fL41 directly upon a new word, — Pemaquid. 
How Captain J^urrows wrote it in the log that morning we cannot 


assert. Lieutenant McCall, a Carolinian, could know little of 
Maine geography, and how he wrote the new word in his report of 
the engagement, we cannot directly know, but some particulars, 
even if too minute, in respect to forwarding the report to Wash- 
ington and giving the exciting intelligence to the public will not be 

The two brigs, the victor and the prize, were brought into the 
lower harbor at Portland soon after noon, Monday, September 6th. 
and anchored under the guns of Fort Preble. At the startling 
cry, boats hastened down, and with their return reports and rumors 
from impatient crowds at the wharves tlew abroad in the agitated 
city. At once Mr. Samuel Storer, the local naval agent, got the 
chief facts as best he could and by three o'clock dispatched a mes- 
sage by express to Captain — afterwards Commodore — Isaac Hull at 
Portsmouth, which was by him forwarded to Commodore Bain- 
bridge at Boston. Mr. Storer, from the mixed stories rife in the 
streets, understoo<l that the engagement took place between Cape 
Elizabeth and Seguin, and so asserted in his dispatch. This first 
report of the location of the combat was spread abroad by Boston 
and New York papers. At the time of writing, however, he had 
seen no one from the ships, which delayed on account of wind and 
tide, arrived at the city at five o'clock. 

The elating news reached Captain Hull in the evening, and on 
the next morning he hastened to Portland. On that forenoon, 
Tuesday the seventh. Lieutenant McCall wrote out his official re- 
port, which Captain Hull at once on arrival dispatched by the mail, 
just closing, to the Secretary of the Navy. Also on that day Mc- 
Call prepared, or assisted the editor of the Eastern Argus of the 
city in writing, a detailed report which was printed on the morning 
of the eighth. It was very unlike the first; introduced entries. of 
the log-book of the Enterprise, and noted the hours and occur- 
rences in them from early morning to the beginning of the action. 
Boston and New York papers welcomed the first detailed statement 
of the naval victory. 

On Tuesday the fourteenth, nine days after the event, the 
National Intelligencer of Washington published Lieutenant Mc- 
Call's first report, which was copied t)y Niles Register at Baltimore 
on the eijxhteenth and also in New York. It is evident that the 


Intelligencer obtained the report from the Xavv Department, for 
only to the Secretary had it been transmitted. It is pertinent here 
to distinguish clearly between the first and second report. 

The latter wrote ''Pemquid"' for the first espial of the two 
vessels. The former published at Washington had ''Penguin'* bay. 
Hence between McCall's pen at Portland and the printer's type 
at Washington a transformation in ]\Iaine geography occurred. 
Handwriting often assists in strange distortion of proper names. 
The undecipherable names of many public men do them no honor. 
One must believe that the olticer had become acquainted with the 
name during the three days on the coast, without the aid of charts. 
The word has had variations ; its second syllable, properly a^ some- 
times e, has been i and o or even y, and it has formerly a few times 
been written Pemquid and Pemquit. In ordinary usage now, its 
second syllable is obscure or lost ; only careful enunciation saves it. 
Probably it came to McCall's ear as Pem-quid, and so probably he 
wrote it. 

Easily the eiTor could grow. AVhatever his ordinary penman- 
ship, finely legible or not, McCall could be pardoned that morning, 
oppressed by such new forced duties, if words or letters lacked 
nicety. Then also, over an utterly new word a copyist might be 
puzzled, and if the little pen strokes in in, q, and d were dim or im- 
perfect, Pem(iuid could be read Pen-guin ; even a copyist not nicely 
careful could lose a from Pemacjuid also. If these seem to anyone 
only fanciful conjectures, if the explanation be inadequate, yet 
by whatever hasty pen of McCall, or by whatever mental process 
or obliquity of eye in copyist or printer, the transformation was 
effected: a new geographical term was born. The chief agency 
must reasonably be ascribed to the copyist in Washington, not to 
the Lieutenant in Portland. From the National Intelligencer's 
original phrase, "in the bay near Penguin point,'" various news- 
papers introduced the word to the public. Penguin Bay or Penguin 
Point. Several printed the second report also, but no one seems to 
have noticed the difference. 

Whatever its parentage, the misshapen creation sprang into 
vigorous life; was adopted by writers of merit; has held its place 
against an opponent and has advanced, it seems unquestioned and 
unverified, retaining its vitalitv through that centurv and boldlv 

centp:nary of war isi 2-1.5 

entering the present. Into what early periodicals it had admission 
cannot be stated. The earliest volume treating of naval events 
which I have discovered was published in Boston in 1816. It has 
Lieutenant ^IcCall's report complete fi'om date to signature, in- 
cluding "Penguin Point.*' The same appears in a similar work by 
William James, London, 181T, also in the work bv J. Fenimore 
Cooper, 1839. Within a score of years past it has found entry as 
Penguin Bay or Penguin Point in narrations of the highest rank, 
by Maclay, Roosevelt, [NIcMaster, Spears; also as late as 1910 by 
W. J. Abbot, and in a late historical essay, whose author's name is 
lost, and probably in others. 

The original report, it is assumed, went soon to ashes when 
Washington was burnt. The few newspapers and books earliest in 
date which had full copies of the original seem to be the only 
source for later and recent students and writers. Hence it is be- 
lieved that these first printed accounts showing by their form that 
they were the true transcriptions from the document sent to the 
Secretary of the Navy, were taken with full confidence, an assured 
basis for the historian. No one had a thought that a flaw could 
exist in such a source. However slight or extensive the acquaint- 
ance of these writers with Maine and its history, not a suspicion 
arose that the unknown name ' 'Penguin'' concealed ancient historic 
— (vainly by some held prehistoric) — Pemaquid. 

The engagement of the Enterprise and Boxer appears to be 
one out of only two or three of that war fought in Atlantic waters 
near the land in sight of anxious people. A gold medal was or- 
dered by Congress for relatives of Captain Burrows; also one for 
Lieutenant McCall. Yet omnipresent error was at hand and made 
the date September 4. 

The flag of the Enterprise has been preserved, the same it is 
believed, carried tlu'ough the day of combat. It wears the insignia 
of its honor, — fifty-nine musket ball holes. It is now in the cus- 
tody of the Maine Historical Society and years ago was exhibited 
in the society's "Longfellow House." 

These tales of naval warfare, thought stained by repellant 
bloodshed should not be erased from the pages of history, but sat- 
isfaction with results in securing a higher stage of independence 
previously gained at such cost, must rightly join with the hope and 
aim that complete amity without a cloud may continue henceforth. 


How the Jesuit Relations Came to be Written 
and Their Historical Value 

(Honorable Herbert Edgar Holmes, L. L. B., and formerly State 
Librarian of Maine) 

Not long since the Journal received a letter from a subscriber 
asking several questions about that wonderful historical collection 
known as "The Jesuit Relations. " We could think of no better way 
of answering it than to publish the following concise review of it 
which is Chapter X of Mr. Holmes' valuable work, "The Makers of 
Maine." We agree in part with Mr. Holmes' criticisms of Park- 
man. He was perhaps the most brilliant writer of history that 
America has produced, and like that great master of the English 
language and fascinating historical writer, Macaulay, was sometimes 
inclined to what is termed bigotry. But unlike Macaulay, it seems 
to us that the impartial student of history must admit that generally 
it did not interfere with the real thread of his historical data. His 
personal opinions were more in the nature of what lawyers term 
obiter dictum, that is, they were usually collateral to the subject at 
hand. And we also believe that Francis Parkman's works, by their 
charm and fascination, have accomplished more than all others to 
bring into the light of public intelligence the great work of the 
Jesuits of North America, and his illumination of the subject came 
in a most opportune time, when bigotry and intolerance on all sides 
were nearly dead and had almost gasped their last breath in America. 
The people were prepared for his message and ready in a spirit of 
tolerance and fairness to receive, dissect and analyze it in their own 
way and arrive at their own conclusions. Possibly he "builded bet- 
ter than he knew." 

That upon more mature consideration of the subject Mr. Holmes 
has himself concluded that some of the criticisms in his book might 
be somewhat modified, he frankly states in a recent letter to the 

writer from which we quote as follows: "In fact, 

I must admit that in some parts of my book I have stated the case 
against Parkman too strongly, and have laid myself open to fair 
criticism. If I ever publish a second edition of the book, I shall 
certainly soften some of my own criticisms. My only excuse for the 
tone of some parts of the book is that I have been engaged in the 
active practice of law rather than in historical writing; and it is ob- 
vious that the mental temperament that one absorbs from the advo- 
cacy of causes is not the proper temperament to approach an his- 
torical criticism. I never appreciated how strong some of my state- 
ments sounded until I myself came to read them after the book was 
published. Personally I am a great admirer of Parkman's works, 
his great scholarship and his vivid style." 




It is to be presumed that most of my readers 

are familiar with the histories of Francis Parkman, especially his 
'^Pioneers of New France," and his "Jesuits in North America." 
It is certainly worth one's while to read both of these books. But 
it is equally certain that it would not be wise to place them in the 
hands of school children. For, although Parkman will always re- 
ceive great credit for his scholarly researches and for his interesting 
style of writing, yet his well known anti-Catholic prejudices forbid 
his books being used as manuals for students of history. He pays 
many enthusiastic compliments to the Society of Jesus for its re- 
markable attainments, but it would seem as though the ill-natured 
devil of bigotry which lurked ever in the background in the reces- 
ses of his brilliant mind, could not be kept in check by his better 
nature, his instinct of the scholar, but it continually leaps forth to 
grasp every opportunity, to take advantage of every opening, to cast 
the poisoned dart of black and ugly religious hatred at that order 
whose members he admits to be heroes and saints. AATienever there 
is a dispute among the witnesses as to the motives which actuated a 
Jesuit, he seems irresistibly impelled to believe the worst. ^^^len- 
ever the contemporaries of a Jesuit differed in their opinion of his 
character, as in the case of Father Biard, he eagerly sides with the 
traducer and defamer. 

Yet his writings abound in expression of enthusiastic admira- 
tion of the Society. No stronger words of commendation could be 
used than the opening words of the second chapter of his * 'Jesuits 
in North America," — "It was an evil day for new-born Protestant- 
ism when a French artilleryman lired the shot that struck down Ig- 
natius Loyola in the breach of Pampeluna. A proud noble, an 
aspiring soldier, a graceful courtier, an ardent and daring gallant 
was metamorphosed by that stroke into the zealot whose brain en- 
gendered and brought forth the mighty Society of Jesus." 

Francis Parkman, like all other historians who write concerning 
this period of history which we are considering, to obtain his ma- 
terial was obliged to go back to the writings of the Jesuit Fathers, 
the so-called "Jesuit Relations." These are the sources, the foun- 
tain heads. No other information is in existence. Indeed, it is no 
exaggeration to say that the "Relations" are of incalculable value 
to American historians. If they had never been written, or if thev 


had been destroyed before being published, that interesting and 
important period of our history would be at this day absolutely a 
closed book. 

The historian, Bancroft, says: "Not a cape was turned, not a 
river entered, but a Jesuit led the way." And fortunately for his- 
tory, the rules of the Society required every Jesuit missionary to 
write a daily account of his doings and send regular reports to his 
superior. Annually, between the years 1632 and 1673, the superi- 
ors made up a narrative, or ''Relation,*' which they forwarded to 
the Provincial of the order in France. 

It should be remembered tliat the writers of these "Relations" 
were men of trained intellect, acute observers, and practised in the 
art of writing. They had left the most highly civilized country of 
their times to go into the heart of the American wilderness and win 
to the Christian faith the fiercest savages known to history. To 
gain these savages it was first necessary to know them intimately — 
their speech, their habits, their very manner of thought. 

The style of the narratives is always simple and direct. Never 
does the narrator descend to self-glorification or dwell upon the de- 
tails of his continual martyrdom. We gain from his pages a vivid 
picture of life in the primeval forest as he lived it; we seem to see 
him upon the long canoe journeys, scjuatted among his dusky com- 
panions, working his passage at the paddles, and carrying cargoes 
upon the trail. We see him the patient butt and scorn of the sav- 
age camp, sometimes deserted in the heart of the wilderness to make 
his way alone as best he can. AVe find him in some faraway Indian 
village working against hope to save the unbaptized, facing the jeal- 
ous rage of his rival, the "medicine man," and at last meeting the 
martyr's end with the fortitude of the saint. Then, consider that 
the "Relations" were written for the most part in Indian camps 
subject to every conceivable distraction. Myriads of mosquitoes tor- 
mented the writer, he was surrounded by squalor and filth, his ears 
were deafened by the shrieks of children, the scolding of squaws and 
the foul talk of the Indian men. Often he was fatigued with exces- 
sive labor and lack of proper food, suffering from wounds and dis- 
ease, mistreated by his hosts who often acted more like jailors than 
hosts, and who in their ignorant superstition regarded the art of 
writing as magic which might bring calamity upon the camp. 


The "Relations'* have always been a rare collection, highly 
prized by collectors of books. They were published in France under 
the direction of the Provincial of the order. They commence with 
Father Le Jeune's "Brieve Relation du'" (1632); and after that a 
duodecimo volume, bound in vellum, was issued annually from the 
press of Sebastien Cramoisy, Paris, until 167'3, when they were dis- 
continued. This is the famous and very rare Cramoisy Edition of 
forty volumes. In 1858 the Canadian government reprinted the 
Cramoisy in three large octavo volumes; these also are now rare. 
Doctor John G. Shea, author of the History of the Catholic Mis- 
sions among the Indian Tribes of the United States, compiled by 
Cramoisy series during the years 1857-1866, but the edition was 
limited to one hundred copies, and it is now difficult to obtain. 

Parkman tells his readers of the great difficulties under which 
he labored in getting together the material for his own histories 
from the "Relations," for many of the "Relations," he says, he 
had to rely upon translated copies made for him in Paris and Rouen. 
He deserves credit for his labors, but if he had been content to 
quote from the "Relations," and had kept his personal point of 
view and his religious prejudices out of sight, his histories would 
have greater value. 

It has often happened in the history of Christianity that the 
propagation of the faith would have suffered a grievous setback and 
failed temporarily, in spite of the energy of men, had it not been 
for the piety and self sacrifice of women. The history of the bring- 
ing of the Christian faith to the Indians is one of those examples. 
The name of Madame de Guercheville belongs with those of Biard, 
Le Jeune and de Brebeuf. If it had not been for her energetic ef- 
forts in raising money to defray the expenses of sending the first 
Jesuits to this country, the conversion of the Indians would have 
been deferred for many years. 

Madame de Guercheville was one of the famous beauties of the 
court of France, she was also one of the most influential women in 
France and a devout Catholic. It was she who fitted out, with her 
own money and the money that she raised by subscription, the ship 
which carried the first Jesuits to Acadia and Maine. I will quote 
the words of Father Joseph Jouvency from his 'Tnitium Canidicae 
Missionis et Primi Fructus:" 


"Already was the undertaking progressino- very favorably when 
Henry IV, more solicitous for reHoion than for commerce, resohed, 
in the year 1608, to introduce Christian rites into this part of the 
New World, and asked members of the Society to undertake this 
Apostolic enterprise. Upon being informed of the plan of the King, 
and ordered to choose as soon as possible energetic priests who could 
lay soHdly the foundation of so great a work, Father Coton, the con- 
fessor of the King, informed the Commander of the Society. From 
the whole number, not only of youths but also of old men, who 
sought this laborious duty, there were chosen Father Peter Biard, 
of Grenoble, a professor of theology in the College of Lyons, and 
Father Enemond Masse, of Lyons. The unforeseen death of the 
King delayed this auspicious enterprise, and diminished the enthu- 
siasm of the friends of the Society, who were providing a ship and 
other necessaries for the voyage. But the pious Coton, unconquered 
by adversity, l)rought in the authority of the queen, in order that 
he might overcome the difficulties in his way. As a result, the 
time was set for their departure, and the Fathers hastened to Di- 
eppe, in order that they might sail thence for New France. But, 
behold, suddenly an unexpected obstacle. Their ship belonged to 
Poutrincourt, a French nobleman; it was however, subject to the 
control of two Calvinistic merchants, since they had incurred no 
light expense toward providing her with e([uipments. As soon as 
they heard that members of the Society were to be embarked upon 
her, they refused to allow her to leave the port. The authority of 
the queen was invoked; her commands were reiterated. They an- 
swered that they would not refuse admission to any other sort of 
priests, but that they were unwilling to have anything to do with 
our men. AMien Coton saw that the stubbornness of the rascals 
could not be overcome, he approached the matter by another way. 
There was a lady distinguished not less for piety than for birth, 
Antoinette de Guercheville. This woman was as solicitous for the 
interests of the mission as for her own ; and since she had acquired 
an uncommon influence among many, because of her reputation for 
integrity, she (luickly collected a large sum of money, by means of 
which the heretical merchants were repaid the amount which they 
had spent in equipping the ship, so although the merchants were 
disappointed and unwilling, the Fathers were admitted. But be- 


cause of the intervening delay, they did not sail until the 26th of 
January, when the storms of winter caused a raging sea. On this 
account the voyage was of four months' duration, although ordina- 
rily of two, and was terrible because of disease within and tempests 

Thus came the Jesuits to Maine. 

Governor Sullivan of Massachusetts and Maine 

(Wayfarer's Notes) 

James Sullivan was a son of John Sullivan of Berwick; born 
there April 22, 1744. He studied law with his brother. Governor 
John Sullivan of Durham, New Hampshire, and settled at George- 
town, 1767. In 1769 he moved to Biddeford, being the first regu- 
lar attorney on Saco River. His practice had been growing when 
the troublous times in 1774 stopped all litigation and suspended 
the courts. In 1771 he was one of the original proprietors of Lim- 
erick, which town he named in honor of the birthplace of Viis father. 

Early in 1774 he found that he must do some other business 
for the support of his family ; he therefore took his axe, week's pro- 
visions, blankets, frock and trousers and went with other settlers to 
Limerick and commenced felling trees. On Saturday evenings he 
returned home to Biddeford. nearly thirty miles, cheerful and happy. 
The interests of his town and State soon demanded his attention. 
In 1774 he was elected a representative to the General Court from 
Biddeford. In 1775-6 he was a member of the Provincial Con- 
gress. In 1775, commissary of the Maine troops. In 1776 he was 
appointed judge of the Supreme Judicial Court. In 1777 he was 
chosen one of Committee on Correspondence in Biddeford. Al)out 
this time he removed to Groton, Massachusetts, and later to Bos- 
ton. In 1779 he was appointed judge of the Admiralty Court. 
In 1783, delegate to Congress.^ In 1787 he was executive councilor 
and judge of probate for Suffolk County. 

(a) The Biographical Congressional Directory (Washington, 1913) p. 
1036 states that he was elected to the Continental Congress in 1782. 


1790 he was appointed attorney general and is said to have at- 
tended the terms of the Supreme Judicial Court from 1801 to 1807 
in this State. In 1796 he was appointed one of the commissioners'^ 
to determine the true St. Croix River, under the Treaty of 1793, 
and went there with the other commissioners. 

In 1807 he resigned the office of attorney general to accept 
that of governor. He was popular in Bangor, where he was occa- 
sionally on business. He received eighty votes here and Caleb 
Strong twenty-six. He was an anti-Federalist. He believed that 
the successful political party would be held responsible for the gov- 
ernment, and that therefore they should manage it, and fill the of- 
ficial positions. He carried his principles into practice, notably in 
removing the sheriffs of Kennebec and Hancock Counties. He died 
while in office, December 10, 1808. 

He was one of the most able, learned and popular men Maine 
has ever produced. He was intensely loyal to the District of 
Maine. His history of Maine, 1790, is a monument to his research 
into the early history of the State. He was president of the ]\Iass- 
achusetts Historical Society and contributed to its publications a de- 
scription of Georgetown, and a history of the Penobscot Indians. 
He married and left worthy descendants in Massachusetts.^ 

(a) He was not one of the commissioners, but describes himself in a 
letter to Francis Joseph, Governor of the Passamaquoddy Indians, dated 
September 29, 1796, as "agent for the United States to appear before men 
who are- appointed to find the river the United States and the King call St, 

(Piscataquis Historical Collections, N. E. Boundary Documents, pp. 
326-327, lb. pp. 348-349). 

The commissioners were Thomas Barclay, David Howell and Egbert 
Benson, (Washburn's paper on the N. E. Boundary, Maine Hist. Coll. Vol. 
8, p. 12). 

(b) Willis in a note in Smith and- Dean's Journals p. 333, says "He 

(Sullivan) commenced practice at Georgetown, on the Kennebec river. One 

of his friends asked him, with some surprise, how he came to settle in so 

poor a place. He replied, as he had to break into the world, he thought he 

would be^in at the weakest spot." 

(Williamson Vol. 2 p. 610 says: "He died, Dec. 10, 1808, greatly re- 


Fees of the Hancock County Bar in 1810 

(Contributed by Raymond Fellows, Esq., of Bangor) 

The following is a copy of the first "Fee Bill" drawn up and 
printed by the Hancock County Bar. 

Fees of the Bar for the County of Hancock 

WHEN it is confidered, that the Rules of the Supreme Judi- 
cial Court require that nine years at leaft fhould have been devoted 
to literary and professional purfuits, to qualify a man for admiffion 
to that Court, as Attorney thereof; and two years practice therein 
as an Attorney, to qualify him for admiffion as a Counfellor thereof: 
and that thofe, who undertake the arduous duties of an Attorney 
or Counfellor at Law, are bound in honor to indemnify their clients 
for all loffes or damages, which are occafioned by negligence, or 
want of profefiional knowledge; it muft be evident, that a reafon- 
able and honorable compenfation ought to be made, whenever pro- 
fefiional affiftance is afforded. AVHEREFORE, We, the Subfcrib- 
ers. Members of the Bar in the County of Hancock, eftablifh the 
following rate of fees, as the loweft we will receive; and we agree 
that we will not receive for the fame, any commutation or fubfti- 
tute whatever. 

FOR advice when the property in dispute exceeds thirty 
dollars dlls. 2 


Drafting Deeds and other Instruments dll. 1 

For collecting all demands of Twenty Dollars and under. .. .cts. 50 
All demands exceeding Twenty Dollars, and not more than 

One Hundred Dollars dll. 1 

All demands exceeding One Hundred Dollars, and not 

more than Five Hundred Dollars dlls. 2 

All demands exceeding Five Hundred Dollars dlls. 3 

For all Writs originally below the jurisdiction of the 

Common Pleas dll. 1 

All Writs returnable to the Common Pleas ,. . . dlls. 2 

The above charges for Writs and collecting, are to be made 


when the action is settled before entry, and are to be paid together 
with the Sheriff's fees. 


Where the demand is settled by recognisance, the fees are to be 
double the fees for collecting before suit. 


Arguing a cause before a Justice dlls. 3 


For Plaintiff's Counsel, or Attorney. 

If he prevail, the Counsel or Attorney is to charge the Plain- 
tiff with the bill of cost. 

He is also to charge the fees for arguing the same, if argued 
either to the Court or Jury. 

If the Plaintiff do not prevail, his counsel or Attorney, is to 
charge the Writ according to the rate above stated, and all sums of 
money paid for the Plaintiff in carrying on the suit. 
He is also to charge a term fee for each term, of dlls. 3 

And if the cause be argued to the Court or Jury, the fee for 
arguing is to be substituted for the term fee. 

Where the defendant prevails, his Counsel or Attorney is to 
charge the bill of costs recovered against the Plaintiff; and if the 
cause be argued to the Court or Jury, he is to charge the usual 
arguing fee. 

If the defendant do not prevail, his Counsel or Attorney is to 
charge him term fees as aforesaid; and if the cause, be argued, the 
arguing fee is to be substituted for the term fee at the term the 
argument is had. 

For arguing a cause in the Common Pleas dlls. 5 

For Trustees answer dlls. 3 

For Plaintiff's Counsel, or Attorney. 

When the Plaintiff prevails, the Counsel or Attorney is to 
charge the Bill of Costs in the Court of Common Pleas, and in the 
Supreme Judicial Court, and fees for arguing the same to the Court 
or Jury, or both, as the case may be. 

When the Plaintiff does not prevail, the Counsel or Attorney is 
to charge the sums paid for him in the prosecution of the suit, and 
term fees double the amount chargeable in the Court of Common 
Pleas, and also the fees for arguing the same to the Court or Jury, 
or both, as the case may be. 

When the defendant prevails, the Counsel or Attorney is to 
charge the Bill of Costs, and the fees for arguing the cause to the 
Court or Jury, as the case may be, and term fees double the amount 
chargeable in the Court of Common Pleas. 



When the defendant does not prevail, the Counsel or Attorney is 
to charge term fees double the sum charged in the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas; and the fee for arguing is to be substituted for the term 
fee, at the term the argument is had. 
For arguing a cause to the Court or Jury, in the Supreme 

Judicial Court dlls. 12 

For Naturalization dlls. 12 

For Divorce dlls. 20 

For Partition, exclusive of Court fees '. . dlls. 12 

And if the cause be argued, the arguing fee is to be substituted 
for the usual term fee. 

When the Debtor is Insolvent, and the Plaintiff does not obtain 
satisfaction of his Judgment, the Counsel or Attorney may charge 
the bill of costs only. 


For argument in references entered into, in the Supreme Judi- 
cial Court, and Court of Common Pleas, and rules entered into be- 
fore a Justice of the Peace, the compensation is to be regulated ac- 
cording to the rate of fees established for arguing a cause in the 
Court, to which the same is returnable. 

After the term when the cause is referred, and before the term 
when the report is made, the Counsel or Attorney for Plaintiff or 
Defendant, may charge half term fees only. 

When money is collected and paid over to a client, who lives 

without the County of Hancock, a commission of three per cent 

shall be charged to him upon the amount collected. 

These rules are intended to establish the lowest compensation, 

and not to restrict gentlemen from receiving more liberal fees in 

cases of difficulty or magnitude. 

Oliver Leonard, Enoch Brown, 

Job Nelfon, Samuel Little, 

Allen Oilman, John Godfrey, 

William Crofby, Samuel M. Pond, 

Bohan P. Field, John Pike, 

William Abbott, Oakes Angier, 

Jacob McGaw, Wm. D. Williamfon, 

Samuel E. Dutton, Thomas E. Hale, 

John Wilfon, George T. Chapman, 

Archibald Jones, John G. Deane, 

George Herbert, Samuel K. Whiting. 

Philo H. Wafhburn, 


The Ancestry of Sarah Millet Who Married 
David Hunt of Gray 

(Historical and Genealogical Department of the Eastern Argus) 

Thomas Millet, born in England, 1605, died about 1676, mar- 
ried before emigrating to America in 1635, Mary Greenaway, born 
in England, 1606, died June 5, 1682. 

Their children: Thomas, born in England, 1633, died, June, 
170T ; John, Jonathan, Mary, Mehitabel, Bethiah, Nathaniel, all 
bom in Dorchester, Massachusetts. 

Ensign Thomas Millet died in Gloucester, Massachusetts, June 
18, 1707. He was married ^lay 21, 1655, by Governor Endicott 
to Mary Eveleth, who died in Gloucester, June, 1687, leaving no 

He married in 1688, for a second wife, Abigail Eveleth, born 
in 1657, daughter of John Coit, Jr., and Mary Stevens Coit, and 
died March 19, 1726. (She was the widow of Isaac Eveleth, who 
was the brother of the first wife, ^lary). 

Children of Thomas and Abigail Millet, born in Gloucester: 
Thomas, born December 20, 1689; John, born April 19, 1692; 
Nathaniel, born September 27, 1694, died, April 12, 1695. 

John Millet was married December 24, 1723, by Reverend 
Samuel ITiompson to Eunice Babson, when or where she died is not 

Their children were born in Gloucester and were as follows: 
David, born March 3, 1724; Abigail, born July 1, 1726; Abigail, 
born March 26, 1728; Molly, born July 2, 1733, died unmarried; 
John, born February, 1730; Solomon, born May 13, 1735; Thomas, 
born October 2, 1737; Eunice, born November 10, 1739; died, 
February 10, 1740; Eunice, born September 22, 1743. 

David Millet died at North Yarmouth, about 1785. He mar- 
ried Anne Byles, daughter of Richard Byles, who moved to Beverly 
previous to 1727. They were published January 26, 1745. 

Children of David and Anne Millet, born in Gloucester, Mas- 
sachusetts: Anne, born December 2, 1745; married Therebiah Pratt 
of North Yarmouth; David, born December 2, 1745; Sarah, born 
March 19, 1747, married David Hunt of Gray, May 18, 1768; 


died, November 28, 1817 ; John, born November 16, 1752; Thomas, 

born, 1760; Israel, born, 1762; died, 1826, unmarried, 

lived in Bowdoinham ; Rachel unmarried, lived with her 

brother Israel ; Eunice married Haskell ; Abigail, mar- 
ried Nicholas Lowe of Gray ; Solomon. 

Children of David and Sarah Hunt : David, born February 
19, 1769; died, September 9, 1832; Moses, born December 19, 
1773; died April 1, 1845; Nathan, born January 26, 1778; died, 
November 23, 1856; Israel, born June 21, 1785; died, December 
23, 1865; Sarah, born June 21, 1789; died, April 6, 1862. 

Mary Millet, daughter of Thomas Millet, the first of the 
Millet name in Gloucester, married, June 7, 1658, Thomas Riggs, 
the first of that name in that town. He died, February 26, 1722, 
and his wife, January 23, 1795. 

The daughter Mary, oldest of nine children, married, Novem- 
ber 21, 1677, Benjamin Haskell of Gloucester. They were the 
great-grandparents of Mary Haskell, who married Nathan Hunt of 

I'liomas Riggs was the second town clerk of Gloucester and 
held the office fifty-one years, 1665-1716. He was a member of 
the board of selectmen twenty years. He was representative to the 
General Court in 1700, and he has the honor of being the fii*st 
school teacher in Gloucester. The old Riggs house is still in ex- 
istence and occupied by one of his descendants. An interesting ac- 
count of Thomas Riggs and his work was published in the Boston 
Sunday Globe, March 16, 1913. 

Your correspondent, who is in the sixth generation from 
Thomas Riggs, has in her possession a manuscript arithmetic, which 
there can be no possi})le doubt was made and used by this old time 
teacher, and was among the treasures which Sarah Millet brought 
to her log cabin home in New Boston, (Gray), having used the book 
in her school days in Gloucester. 

By a singular coincidence, Th(^mas Riggs* great-granddaugh- 
ter, Marv Haskell, was the first female school teacher in Gray, hav- 
ing taught a private school in the summer of 1797, and her list of 
scholars is still in a well preserved conditioii. 

F. H. L. 


Hannah Weston 

**Now, what can trouble you, Hannah, to waken me thus at dawn. 
And why is your face so anxious in the growing light of morn? " 
"Surely our brothers will battle ere the passing of the day, 
But yesterday they left us for their danger-haunted way." 

"But we cannot help them, Hannah — " "We could if we might but go 
By the trail they blazed, to Machias. with powder and lead, to show 
That though never a man be left us, our women are strong and brave 
And at need can render service in aiding the men they gave. 

"I have packed both lead and powder safe here in this pillow-case; 
They will surely need it. Rebecca. There is no one else in the place 
Who can go as well as we can. The package is heavy, but see- 
It must and it shall be carried. I go: Will you come with me? " 

"Yes, I will go with you, Hannah, for great is surely the need; 
We will take an axe and provisions and haste at our utmost speed." 
"We can surely make it, Rebecca, 'tis but sixteen miles by the trail: 
The ammunition is needed, and surely we will not fail." 

"I am so tired, Hannah, and not more than five miles are passed. 
• Are we lost? Oh, where is the river? Could we only find it at last! " 
"Nay, do not worry, Rebecca, we will sit and rest on this log, 
And eat. It may be the river is only beyond that bog." 

"Oh, Hannah, at last the river! " "But we must not walk too near 
Lest Indians roving along it should happen to see or hear. 
Let me take the hatchet, Rebecca, and the food — Oh, yes I can! 
You need all your strength for walking, and I am strong as a man." 

"Oh, Hannah, the shadows lengthen; the wolf howls from his lair, 
And the owl hoots in the thicket. Do you think we are nearly there?^ 
And what of our brothers, fighting, and the women we left— ah me! " 
"I will climb to yonder hill-top and find what the prospect be. " 

"And what did you find, dear Hannah?" "We have not far to go. 

For I saw a house in Machias, but a little way below." 

"Who is that a-coming, Hannah, dim in the fading light? " 

"When we meet him we will ask him of the news of today and the fight. " 

"We captured the 'Margaretta, ' and the British captain was killed; 
I guess thev'll sing small hereafter, with some of their boasting stilled." 
"We started from Chandler's Mills, friend, this morning at rise of sun.^ 
Now our journt'y is ended, the powder here — and the fight is over and won." 

Repine not, brave Hannah Weston, your hardship was not in vain. 
As we hear, years at'ter, the story, the fact is but made more plain 
That through all the blood of heroes a common kinship runs, 
And this great Republic's daughters can serve her as can her sons. 

Mabel L. True. 
Foxcroft, Maine. 

Hannah (Watts) Weston, a patriotic woman of colonial days in Maine. 
Her home was in Jonesboro, at the time of the naval battle at Machias, 
June 12, 1775. As the men of the settlement had all left their homes as 
volunteers for the battle she collected a large quantity of ammunition among 
neighbors for the use of the soldiers in fighting the British and carried it 
through the wilderness to Machias, a distance of sixteen miles. 



Old Falmouth in 1749'^ 

(William Willis* Notes) 

We may therefore safely estimate the population of the whole 
town in 1749, at two thousand three hundred and sixty, and of the 
Neck at seven hundred and twenty, the slaves being owned princi- 
pally in that section ; and the dwelling houses on the Neck at one 
hundred and twenty. The houses were all, but five or six, below 
Centre Street; those above were Joshua Brackett's, near the head of 
High Street, which was the only house on Congress Street above the 
meeting house; Anthony Brackett's, where Bracket joins Danforth 
Street; Cox's, where High enters York Street; Bryce McLellan's 
and Stephen Jones", on York Street, below Cox's. There was no 
other street above Centre, but Main and York Streets. That part 
of the town was covered witli wood and swamps, and" no carriage 
could pass York above Centre Street, in consequence of the gullies 
through which the water from the swamps above flowed into the 
river. Teams going in that direction passed down the bank and 
along the beach, where were one or two brick yards, above where 
Brown's Sugar house is. In short, that portion of the town was, 
as a witness on another occasion said, an eminent wilderness. 

The business was done at the lower end of the town, around 
the foot of India Street and tlie beach below, where was the town 
landing: on the west side of that street was the ferry to Cape Eliza- 
beth, which had been used by persons tra\eling west by land. The 
principal business was lumber and wood and fishing; the former oc- 
cupied a number of persons in procuring masts, spars, timber and 
deal, for the English navy and market, which were loaded on large 
ships sent here for the purpose. Wood was sent coastwise in small 
vessels. The only class of vessels then owned here was schooners 
and sloops, the largest of which previous to 1752, was eighty tons 

In 1752 there were but seven schooners and fifteen sloops owned 
in town, and these were principally employed in coasting. A few 
were engaged in the ^^'est India trade. There were no wharves ex- 
tending into the harbor; short piers furnished all the facilities re- 
quired; large ships were loaded in the stream, 
(a) Smith and Deane's Journals, p. 138. 


The State of Maine now owns more tons of vessels than was 
owned in the whole Ignited States, of every description, at the com- 
mencement of our national existence, in 1789, which was four hun- 
dred and seventy-eight thousand tons. And we doubt not that the 
tonnage now owned in the commercial district of Portland alone is 
more than was owned in all the colonies embraced in our Union 
in 1749. Our tonnage now exceeds seventy-nine thousand tons. 
Portland district now has ten thousand tons more shipping than the 
city of London had in 1685 with its half a million of inhabitants. 

The building of vessels and boats gave employment to a por- 
tion of our people, and from the earliest settlement engaged the at- 
tention of the inhabitants. Some of our most prominent men were 
brought up to this occupation, as the Cobbs, James Gooding, James 
Milk, Nathaniel Deering, etc., and all, nearly, were trained to me- 
chanic employments or to service on the sea. Moses Pearson, Isaac 
Ilsley, Peter Walton, joiners; John East, the Waites and Jed. 
Preble, mariners; Wheeler, Benjamin Titcomb, etc., blacksmiths. 
There were no idlers and loafers in that day ; he that did not work 
could not eat ; and it will be seen by the freijuent references in Mr. 
Smith's Journal, that they were very often near the point of entire 
destitution in the connnon necessaries of life. The farming interest 
was so much neglected, that the people were almost entirely depen- 
dent on importations from the South for their bread stuffs, and 
were frequently reduced to great want by precarious supplies. All 
our rich men, and all who have been rich men in this town, were 
either mariners or mechanics, or descendants from persons in those 

Extract From Reverend Thomas 
Smith's Journar 

"Sept. 28, 1749, The Commissioners came to town, viz., Mr. 
Hutchinson, Choat, Williams, Otis, Downing and Hutchinson. 
Mr. \\^elstead. Chaplain ; Col. Cotton, Clerk. 

"Sept. 30, 1749, The town is full of company.'* 

(a) Smith and Deane's Journal, p. 136. 


(Note by William Willis) 

The Commissioners from Massachusetts were Thomas Hutchin- 
son, afterwards Governor, John Choate, Israel Williams and James 
Otis from Barnstable, father of the distinguished lawyer and pa- 
triot of the same name, who was here as a spectator and a witness 
to the transaction. From New Hampshire, the Commissioners were 
Theodore Atkinson and John Downing, who becoming weary wait- 
ing for the Penobscots, returned on the 8th of October, having em- 
powered Roland Cotton, the Clerk, to sign the treaty for them in 
behalf of New Hampshire. 

The Penobscots did not arrive until October 14, when the Con- 
ference immediately commenced in the meeting house of the First 
Parish, which stood where the Stone Church is now situated. The 
articles were signed October 16, by the representatives of the Pe- 
nobscot, Norridgewock and St. Francois tribes, on the part of the 
Indians, and the Commissioners on the part of the English. The 
treaty was formed on the basis of that concluded with Gov. Dum- 
mer, in 1725. All captives were to be discharged, and each party to 
retain unmolested all the rights and possessions in land as existing 
prior to the war. Toxus, a Penobscot chief, was the leader in the 
Conference, at which time he said of himself, "I am now grown 
old." Eger Emmet was the chief of the Norridgewocks. Toxus 
was at first unwilling to engage to a perpetual peace, that is "as 
long as the sun and moon endure," but wished to have it dependent 
on continuance of peace with the French; this not being agreed to 
by the English, he at last yielded. 

Charles Blanchard, Proprietor of the Town of 
Blanchard, Maine 

Contributed by Edward P. Blanchard 

Charles Blanchard was one of the proprietors of the town of 
Blanchard. He was born in or near Boston, Massachusetts, about 
the year 1791. His mother died when he was a child and his father 
when he was quite a youn^ man, so when he ojot old enoui^h to want 
to know about his family connections he was unable to trace them. 

A letter written from France in 1815 to Charles Blanchard was 
directetl to Boston and as it was not remailed he was perhaps living 
in that city at the time. 


• He married Mary Dana of Boston before 1821. They had no 

Lettei*s written to him place him in Portland in the grocery 
business as a jobber in 1819 and in that year he began to do busi- 
ness T\-ith Thomas Davee.^ 

Blanchard and Davee formed a partnership November 9, 1820, 
to do a grocery business in Hebron, Maine; Blanchard to furnish the 
goods and the profit to be equally divided between them, Blanch- 
ard's time in buying to be placed against DaveeVs time in selling. 

In 1831, Blanchard was in company with A. S. Patten of 
Dover, who was keeping a small grocery store at that place. 

March 12, 1831, Blanchard and Davee made a trade for the 
town of Blanchard,^ or what was at that time No. 3, Range 3, east 
of the Kennebec River. They gave four notes, each for one thou- 
sand dollars on one, two, three and four years* time and when they 
were paid a deed was given for the whole township. The deed was 
dated June 16. 1835. 

Blanchard became interested in land speculation and bought up 
a great many lots of land in this State and New Hampshire, but in 
the end it proved a losing business. 

Blanchard must have become a member of some church very 
early in life as we find letters to him as early as 1822, asking for 
help in getting the Maine Missionary Society to furnish money for 
different churches throughout the State, also his influence in help- 
ing young men who were recommended to him, as well as requests 
for money to aid in procuring preaching. He almost always re- 
sponded to these letters with a liberal donation. 

Mr. Blanchard* s inHuence was used all through his life in be- 
half of the church; it was through his endeavors that a church was 
organized at Blanchard and later a church building was put up, Mr. 
Blanchard furnishing nearly all the money that was needed, others 

(a) Thomas Davee, (Davie) bom in Plymouth. Massachusetts, Decem- 
ber 8, 1797, and died in Blanchard, Maine, December 9, 1841. While a resi- 
dent of Blanchard, he was a member of the Maine House of Representa- 
tives 1826-7 and of the Senate 1830-2, and Speaker of the House in 1835; 
Sheriff of Somerset County from 1835 to 1837 and Member Congress 1837- 
41. Piscataquis Biography and Fragments, Sprague, (1899) pp. 68-69. 

(b) The town of Blanchard was originally a part of the * 'Bingham 
Kennebec Purchase." Piscataquis Historical Collections. Vol. 1, p. 434. 


in town helping with work as far as they were able. This house 
was built in 1834. R. K. Packard writing under date July 17, 
1834, says: *'They commenced framing the meeting house yester- 
day." After the house had been built pews were sold and in that 
way Blanchard got back a small part of his money. 

Mr. Blanchard was never interested in politics, only in a gen- 
eral wa}^ as every one wishes to see the party one votes with win 
out in the end. 

Blanchard and Davee built shingle and grist mills on the 
'*Chase rips'* just above where the steel bridge now stands and that 
same year, 1831, they built a mill on Thorn Brook west of the 
mountain where they sawed both long and short lumber. 

About 1846 Mr. Blanchard. having closed his business in Port- 
land, moved to Blanchard where he lived a few years, during which 
time he held the otHce of postmaster. 

About 1850 Mr. Blanchard moved from Blanchard tg Boston, 
Massachusetts, where he lived until his death, September SO, 1876, 
aged about eighty-five years. 

Notes and Fragments 

O, there are Voices of the Past, 

Links of a broken chain, 

Wings that can bear me back to Times 

WTiich cannot come again ; 

Yet God forbid that I should lose 

The echoes that remain ! 

(Adelaide A. Procter) 

A LOT of second-hand books retailed at auction in Boston re- 
cently included a copy of "Sketches of Oxford County by Thomas 
T. Stone, Pastor of the church in Andover. " The copy was a 
poor one, its covers being gone; and yet, notwithstanding its dilap- 
idated condition, it brought seven dollars, a Boston dealer in second- 


hand books beins: the purchaser. The book was pubHshed in Port- 
land in 1830. Its author, Thomas Tread well Stone, was graduated 
from Bowdoin College in 1820, and was pastor of the Congrega- 
tional Church at Andover from 1824 to 1830. He was a native of 
Waterford, where he was born on February 9, 1801, and he died in 
Bolton, Massachusetts, on November 13, 1895, for some time be- 
fore his death being Bowdoin 's oldest surviving graduate. 

What is now the town of AX'aldoboro was first called Broad- 
bay plantation and was later named Waldoboro in honor of General 
Samuel Waldo. A few German emigrants began the original settle- 
ment in the summer of 1739, but it was devastated by the Indi- 
ans in May, 1746, all of the buildings were burned and what in- 
habitants were not killed were taken captives. In the year 1748 
others came from Germany and revived the settlement and in 1751 
between twenty and thirty other families arrived from that country. 
In 1732 General Waldo sent his son to Germany, who succeeded in 
attracting many German immigrants so that by 1760 there were 
about one thousand five hundred German settlers there. Later they 
had serious trouble regarding their land titles. 

The following is an extract from William Ladd's Annals ot 
Bakerstown, Poland, and Minot, published (1847) in Vol. 2 of the 
Maine Historical Society Collections : 

The whole tract under the present names of Poland and Minot, 
was originally called Bakerstown, from the following circumstance. 
A tract of land was granted, at a very early date, before the lines 
between New Hampshire and the' Province of Maine had been ascer- 
tained, probably to one Baker, by the state of Massachusetts, but 
when the line was run, the tract then called Bakerstown was found 
to be within the limits of New Hampshire, and a new grant was 
made by the state of Massachusetts, in lieu of the other, compris- 
ing the present towns of Poland and Minot. 

The grant was for 7'^ miles square, but the limits of Bakers- 
town were extended to 12 or 14 miles square; a fraud common in 
those days. 

Nathaniel Bailey was the first settler in Bakerstown. Daniel 
Lane was the second settler, Moses Emery was the third settler in 
Bakerstown, and the first in that part now called Minot. 

1768. Bailey settled in Bakerstown. John Newman in 1769. 
Mr. Nevin's daughter was the first child born in Bakerstown. 


Moses Emery, Jr. , was the first male child born in Bakerstown. 

Moses Emery was the first settler in Minot; he was born in the 
year 1745, and gave most of these memorandums, in the year 
1830, being then eighty-six years old. 

1772. Moses Emery, the elder, moved from what is now 
called Poland, to what is now called Minot. 

1773. Daniel Lane, second settler in Minot. Indians then 
resident in the neighborhood of Bakerstown. Philip, Swanton, 
Lazarus, Sabattus, Cookish, and others. Perepole was the last of 
the Androscoggin tribe. 

Emery kept a ferry at what was afterwards called Emery's 
Mills, since Payne's Mills, Dunn's Mills, etc. Many moose and 
beaver were in Bakerstown when he first settled; he used to hunt 
them on snowshoes, and he carried usually a pocket compass with 
him. He often bivouacked or "camped," as they call it, in the open 
air in winter, and sometimes had the snow three inches deep on him, 
when he awaked in the morning. 

The Eorty-seventh Report of the ]\Iuseum of American Ar- 
chaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, for 1913, has the 
following to say of Mr. Samuel J. Guernsey, formerly of Dover, 
Maine : 

"Mr. S. J. Guernsey, Hemenway Assistant in Archaeology, who 
is at odd times making a special study of the archaeology of the 
Charles River Valley, has throughout the year found a number of 
fire holes at various points, and three Indian graves in Watertown. 
One of these graves, was unusual in being walled or lined with 
stones; unfortunately, the skeleton was fragmentary. He has also 
found numerous stone implements on the surface at various places 
along the river. During his vacation, Mr. Guernsey explored two 
village sites on Martha's Vineyard and also obtained three Indian 
skeletons, one of particular interest, and a good collection of pots- 
herds, stone and bone implements with the associated bones of va- 
' rious animals. All of which makes a good addition to our Massa- 
chusetts collection." 

'*Six Private Libraries of Bangor" is the title of a neat little 
book of one hundred sixty-one pages illustrated and written and 
published by Samuel Lane Boardman in 1900, bearing this note: 
**Reprinted from the columns of The Bangor Daily Commercial, in 
an edition of Fifty Copies, for a few Book Lovers, Friends and Li- 


braries." It is an entertaining description of the libraries of 
Colonel Joseph W. Porter, Honorable Fred H. Parkhurst. Mr. C. 
E. Bliss, Professor D. S. Talcott, Honorable Frederick H. Apple- 
ton and the Very Reverend M. C. O'Brien, V. G. P. R. Mr. 
Parkhurst and Mr. Appleton are the only ones of these booklovers 
that the author wrote of so delightfully fourteen years ago, who 
are now numbered among the living. This book is now rarely 
found for sale but the writer recently obtained a copy through a 
dealer in New York which he prizes very highly, as it is a valuable 
item in a collection of Maine history. 

We know of no public library in Maine other than the State 
Library at Augusta and that of the Elaine Historical Society at 
Portland that is taking such pains to secure a complete line of 
Maine historical works as the Bangor Public Library. Its efforts 
in this direction are worthy of much praise and every public library 
in the State should do the same so far as may be possible. 

The city of Westbrook was formerly the town of Stroudwater 
and originally a part of Old Falmouth. Stroudwater was the two 
hundred and fifth town, incorporated February 14, 1814. Honor- 
able F. M. Ray of Westbrook is writing a valuable and most inter- 
esting sketch entitled * 'Early Westbrook History," which is being 
published in the Portland Evening Express. . 

This series of articles will constitute an important contribu- 
tion to earlv Maine historv. 

^Ir. W. AV. Fellows of Bangor has in his possession an old 
record of school district number four, in the town of Bangor, for 
the years 1831 to 1844. The first entry is a warrant for a district 
meeting, signed by Royal Clark and Henry Call, selectmen of Ban- 
gor, under date of May 13, 1831. Wintworth Libbey was the 
town clerk. On ^Nlay 21, John T. Clark \\as elected school agent 
and it was voted to build a schoolhouse and raise four hundred fifty 
dollars for the same. The building committee was William Lowder, 
William Thompson and Eben French. June 4, at a special meet- 


ing it was voted that Isaac Spencer be added to the building com- 
mittee. On June 18, it was voted that "the brick work of tlie 
school-house be done by the first day of October next.*' On Sep- 
tember 3, it was voted to build a house on Mr. French's land and 
that ''the building committee procure a title of land to build the 
house on.'* On September IT, it was voted to accept the report of 
the committee to locate the house on land owned by McGaw and 
Hatch. John B. Weatherbee's name also appears as a clerk of 
some of these meetings. The first meeting of this district called, 
after Bangor was incorporated as a city, was dated April 11, 1835, 
and signed by Allen Gilman, Mayor, and Henry Call, William 
Ablx)t, John Fisk, John Brown, Moses Patten and John Wilkins, 
Aldermen. D. C. Jellison was the clerk. On April 19, 1838, a 
meeting was called, signed by Rufus Dwinel, Mayor, and Bradford 
Harlow, John R. Greenough, Warren Preston and Nathaniel 
French, Aldermen. The last record was of a meeting held Janu- 
ary 5, 1844, the call having been signed by Bradford Harlow, 
Mayor, and James Jenkins, Nathan Perry, Jacob Drummond, G. 
L. Boynton and Otis Small, Aldermen. M. S. Thornton was the 

The fiftieth anniversary of the Bangor Historical Society was 
held in the Lecture Hall of the Bangor Public Library April 8, 
1914, at J2.30 P. M. when the following exercises were had: 

Invocation, Reverend Alva Roy Scott; 

Opening Address, Honorable Henry Lord, President; 

Historical Address, Edward Mitchell Blanding, Secretary; 

Personal Reminiscences, Deacon Elanathan Freeman Duren, 
Past Secretary, (1864-1902). 

Brief addresses were also made by Mr. Charles S. Fellows, the 
Society's first Secretary; Doctor Thomas Upham Coe, Treasurer; 
Doctor William C. Mason, Chairman Executive Committee; General 
Augustus B. Farnham ; Mrs. Fannie Hardy Eckstorm and Mr. John 
Francis Sprague, editor of the Journal and President of the Piscat- 
aquis Historical Society. 

In the evening of the same day, in the Assembly Hall of the 
Bangor Fligh School, Professor Warren K. Moorehead, Department 
of Archaeology of Andover, Massachusetts, delivered an exceed- 


ingly interesting and instructive illastnited lecture on ''Archaeolog- 
ical Researches in Maine," which was of great value to all inter- 
ested in the discoveries which have recently been made relative to 
the pre-historic Indians of the Penobscot region. 

The addresses of President Eord and Secretary Blanding, as 
well as the reminiscences of Deacon Duren, were important contri- 
butions to the history of Eastern Maine and we are glad to learn 
that the Society will soon issue a booklet containing a complete re- 
port of the proceedings. 

A remarkable feature of the occasion was the appearance of 
Deacon Duren, hale and hearty, who has already rounded out one 
century and bids fair well into the next. 

HoNORABLK Martin L. Durgin of Milo is wTiting a series of 
valuable historical sketches of the early history of the town of Milo 
which are being published in the Eastern Herald. 

Ox THE evening of March 4, 1914, the Daughters of the 
American Revolution of Waterville entertained the members ot 
the S. A. R. of that city in Liberty Hall. 

The greeting to the D. A. R. was given by Captain Silas 
Adams and the response was by ]\Irs. \V. H. K. Abbott, regent of 
Silence Howard Hayden Chapter. A short paper entitled ''Object 
and Organization of the 1). A. R.*' was read by Mrs. H. L. Kelley. 
Reverend E. (\ Whittemore read a paper on the "Object and Or- 
ganization of the S. A. R.*' Captain Silas Adams also delivered 
an interesting address on "Arnold's Expedition to Quebec." 

Orono, in 1806, previously called "Still Water,*' was incorpo- 
rated, including the region of Old Town. It took its name from a 
celebrated Indian chief, Orono, of the Tarratine tribe. He was a 
warm friend of the Americans in the AN'ar of the Revolution. The 
place was first settled in 1774. ^liss Betsy Colburn was the first 
white woman to visit it in 1774. Esther Ayers was the first white 
child born within the limits of the present town, April 80, 1777. 
In 1840, Old Town was incorporated as a separate town. Orono 
was the one hundred and sixty-second town incorporated in the 
State, and contained then about three hundred inhabitants. 



Entered as second class matter at the post office. Dover, Maine, by John Francis Sprague, 
Editor and Publisher. 

Terms: For all numbers issued durins: the year, including an index and all special issues. 
$1.00. SiPisrie copies. i5 cents. Bound volumes of same. $1.75. 

Bound volumes of Vol, 1, $i.50. Vol. I (bound) will be furnished to new subscribers to the 
Journal for -Si.OO. 

Pastasro prepaid on all items. 

'* IVe must look a little into that process of iiation-making 
which has been going on since prehistoric ages and is going 
on here among us to-day, a?id from the recorded experience 
of men in times long past we may gather lessons of infiyiite 
value for ourselves and for our children s children.' ' 

— John Fiske. 

Very Much Alike 

The famous and successful publisher. S. >. McClure, is publish- 
ing his own autobiography in McClure's ]\Iaf:^azine. It is interest- 
mg. In the January number after giving his experiences as a ped- 
dler in country towns, while earning money to pay his way through 
college, he says: *'! had found out that for the most part, all 
these people were interested in exactly the same things, or the same 
kind of thing, that interested me. Years later, when I came to 
edit a popular magazine, I could never believe in that distinction 
made by some editors that this or that was very good, but it would 
not interest the people of the Middle West, or the people in the 
little towns. My experience had taught me that the people in the 
little towns were interested in whatever was interesting — that they 
were just like the people in New York or Boston." This is only 
one way of asserting a great truth which is, that in the concrete, 
human nature is about alike the world over. As subscriptions have 
been received for the Joiuxal during the past year this fact has 
come home to us in many ways. There is a certain per cent of the 
people of Maine who are interested in one phase or another of 
Maine history, and we are please<l to know that this number is in- 
creasing ; some care much for its very dawn and are fascinated with 
the eiirly voyaires of the ancient explorers to our shores, such as 
Champlain, Waymouth, Father Biard and John Smith; others are 
more interested in genealogy, family history, the first settlers and 
the early land titles and surveys; many in biography, the lives of 


the founders of Maine, the first farmers, lawyers, doctors, minis- 
ters, priests, school masters; the first builders of ships, factories, 
taverns and railroads, and so on. But this number who do esteem 
these subjects of value and importance is just about the same in one 
part of the State as another. They are not confined to the culture 
of the city of Portland, where there has existed a strong and flour- 
ishing State Historical Society for nearly a century, nor to the 
more cultivated classes in any of our cities and larger towns, but 
may also be found in every backwoods town and remote plantation. 

The Capens of Deer Island 

Henry E. Capen, the well known hotel man and once proprietor 
of the Augusta House, and his brother, Charles Capen, are 
the owners of Deer Island, a beautiful spot in Moosehead Lake, 
where there is a valuable farm and a summer hotel. Their father, 
Aaron Capen, lived there for many years and died there only a few 
years ago. Their grandfather. General Aaron Capen of Dorches- 
ter, Massachusetts, first settled Deer Island about 1838. He 
was elected Brigadier General in 1S28. General Capen belonged 
to one of the oldest Dorchester families and was born and for 
many years lived on the ancestral farm, which had been in the 
possession of the Capen family for several generations. He was 
not a hard working farmer as his father had been but concerned 
himself mainly about the milk bu>iness and devoted much of his 
time to military affairs. Brought more in contact with the world 
by these pursuits, he eagerly engaged in the great land speculations 
which raged in New England for several years and which was a 
craze, ruining many men with bright prospects. Maine lands was 
the favorite deal and it probably })rought more people to grief than 
anything else in that era of inflation. General Capen plunged in 
so deeply that he was obliged to give up the Dorchester home and 
abandon his military career. 

As a result he went into the depths of the Maine woods, settled 
Deer Island and lived there the most of his life after that. 


Sayings of Subscribers 

John F. Lamb of Livermore Falls, Department Commander of 
Maine G. A. R. : 
"We enjoy your Journal very much.*' 

M. C. Ferxald, ph. D., LL. D., Professor Emeritus of the De- 
partment of Philosophy, University of ]\Iaine, writes: 
'■'I thank you very much for numbers one and two of Volume 

one of the Journal sent to me free, when I subscribed for Volume 

two. I am readinfj them with much interest. 

Mr.>:l J. Gueuxsey of Peabody ^luseum of Harvard Uni- 
versity, Cambridge, Massachusetts, writes: 
"I prize the Journal very highly." ..„ . -... 

Mrs. Jeanette Harding Blackfoud of Machias, Registrar of 

Hannah Weston Chapter, D. A. R., says: 

" I enjoy your magazine so much that I wish every student of 
historv could read it.'' 

Honorable Frederick E. Boothbv of Portland, formerly prominent 
in the Maine Central Railroad Company, Ex-Mayor of that 
city, chairman of tlie Maine 1920 State Board of Trade Gen- 
eral Committee, and always interested in everything pertaining 
to the welfare of Maine, says in a letter to the Journal: 
"If I li\e there will be something doing that year," meaning 
the year 1920, and adds: 

"I am much interested in your Journal of Maine History for 
May, every article being of a ty{)e conunanding attention. As for 
Mt. Kineo, I have l^een familiar with it since 1864 and with its 
three different hotels. I accompanied Mr. Jackson, President of 
the M. C. R. R., to the opening July 30, 1884. Nearly every 
gentleman present had his wife. I have been on many an affair of 
this kind but none more agreeable than this one which was espe- 
cially so the next day when nearly all the men mentioned by you 


with their ladies chartered a steamer taking in the North East and 
the North West Carries in the forenoon and the East Outlet in the 

"Mr. Hamlin ended his Kineo speech by saying: 
" 'I am now going to call on several gentlemen for remarks, 
but want it understood all must be brief for as I look around the 
room I see lots of pretty girls dying to dance with me.' " 

Honorable David D. Stewart of St. Albans, the venerable and 

honored nestor of the State of Maine Bar: 

"The May number of the Journal contains a vast amount of 
useful history for a Maine man, not readily obtainable elsewhere. 
The date relating to the original ownership of our towns in Somer- 
set County, and elsewhere, are verv valual)le. *' 

Mr. Nor.max L. BAssKrr of Augusta, Maine, Lawyer and Secretary 

of the Maine Bar Association : 

"The cover of Sprague's Journal says 'History is the truth, 
ever impartial, never prejudiced.* Napoleon says, 'History is a 

Honorable Haurv P. Dill, American Consul at Orillia, Ontario: 
"I wish to be retained on your list of subscribers, as I feel 
that I must have Sprague's Journal of Maine History anyhow." 

W. ScoTi' Hill, ]\I. D., of Augusta, and a well known student and 

writer of Maine history : 

"I am much pleased witli your Journal. In years to come it 
will be more appreciated and I hope you will continue it." 


In No. 1, \'ol. L of your Jouhnal you refer to the Indian name 
of Castine and acjain in WA. 2, No. 1, in which your contributor 
says "There seems as yet no authorized form of the word and no 
settled opinion as to its meaning." In this connection the follow- 
ing derivation and interpretation by J. Hammond Trumbull, than 
whom there was no one more learned in the Maine and Massachu- 


setts Indian language, may be of interest. He says ''the bay of 
Castine, Maine, was called by the Abnakis Matche-baguatus, or as 
Rale wrote it Matsi-bigwadoosek — bad harbor.*' The name is an 
Indian place name and as is well known very few of the place names 
bear much resemblance to the aboriginal name. In this case the 
name is composed of the adjectival prefix Maf.s-i or M(dcht\ Rale 
gives both forms, meaning bad, unsafe, ^c, and the substantival 
a'nbagagigi as Rale wrote it, meaning, a shelter — a covert, haven, or 
as your contributor says ''a bad landing place.'' The Abnaki 
Matsi or Mafche has its an-a-logue in the Natick dialect in Matche 
and Matchlt. The syllable Mid having the same signification as the 
negative prefix un in English. In regard to the name Biguyduce, 
Trumbull says "a local tradition derives it from 'Major Biguyduce,' 
an imaginary French officer supposed to have come with Baron 

W. Scott Hill. 
Augusta, June 4, 1914. 

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IP containing full description of its attractions for health and pleasure during the Summer JJ 

II season. Kirst-class transportation facilities offered during the seasons. || 

\\ Kicker Hotel Company, Kineo, Maine \\ 

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European and American Plan. 


Sangerville Centennial, 
Historical Address, by John 

Francis Sprague, 
Oration, by Honorable Willis 

E. Parsons, 
Speech of Sir Hiram Maxim, 

read by Hiram Percy Maxim, 
Speech by Honorable Stanley 

Remembrance in Rhyme, by Pro- 
fessor William S. Knowlton, 
List of Centennial Committees, 
Captain Abner Turner Wade, 

by Rev. William O. Ayer, 
Letter From Honorable Stanley 

Agriculture of Sangerville, 

by Will E. Leland, 
The Woolen Industry of Sanger- 
ville, by Honorable Augus O. 

Documentary History of the 

Town of Sangerville, 
List of Taxpayers Assessed in 

the Town of Sangerville for 

the Year 1819, 
Record of Births in Town of 






Early Marriages in Sangerville, 
Record of Deaths in Town of 





Town Officers, 



County Officers From Sanger- 



, 135 

Notes About Sangerville From 

Old Maine Registers, 


138 1 







Frontispiece, Sir Hiram Maxim 
Dumbarton Woolen Mills, No. 

2, Sangerville, Maine, 105 

Enoch Leathers, 112 

John Francis Sprague, 125 

Honorable Willis Ellis Parsons, 134 

Honorable Stanley Plummer, 139 
Honorable William Smith 

Knowlton, 140 
William Pitt Oakes, 144 
Captain Abner Turner Wade, 148 
Moses Carr, 154 
David R. Campbell, 156 
Fred H. Carr, 158 
The Carr Woolen Mills, San- 
gerville, Maine, 161 
Walter Leland. 177 

ppip?gffgi gy!^-^w-wa^ ' W'*#''->'M».-fe^ tuwjmiwpniij i ii iii i^ i i i ' . < j -it i-pywjy !j l ^ ■ ^^i»"^'^ "Pfm-i^ -' ms-oT-^'^ i ^^ 







^' #' 


\ ? 


Sprague's Journal of Maine History 

Vol. II JULY, 1914 No. 3 

Sangerville Centennial 


On June 13, 1914, in accordance with a vote of the town at 
its last annual town meeting the people of Sangerville commemo- 
rated the hundredth anniversary of its incorporation as a munici- 

At 8.30 a. m. a parade of floats, antiques, etc., numbering 
in all about sixty, accompanied by three bands of music from Guil- 
ford, Monson and Milo, headed by James Lynch who acted as chief 
marshal, marched through the principal streets of Sangerville and 
Guilford villages. It was an excellent representation of historical 
features of the town of both the past and present. At the head 
of the Hne was a small body of men attired to represent the Red 
Men as they would have appeared one hundred and thirteen years 
ago when that territory was a primeval wilderness. The next was 
a log cabin on which was inscribed "The first house in Sangerville, 
built by Phineas Ames in 1801." Another interesting antique was 
an old hand loom, being operated by some one weaving cloth who 
impersonated a housewife of the olden days ; this was followed by a 
loom of the latest type making cloth as it is made today in the 
factories of Sangerville. 

There was a large assemblage of people from Sangerville and 
adjoining towns, and it was estimated that they numbered several 

At 1.30 p. m. the literary exercises were held in the open air 
in front of the Town Hall. ]\Ir. Alfonso F. Marsh, who was presi- 
dent of the day, introduced John F. Sprague of Dover as the his- 
torian, Honorable A\'illis E. Parsons of Foxcroft as the orator, and 
Professor William S. Knowlton of ^lonson as the poet, of the oc- 
casion. Speeches were also made by His Excellency William T. 
Haines, Governor of Elaine, who was present with his staff, and 
Honorable Stanley Plummer of Dexter, all of whom, except Gov- 
ernor Haines, were natives of Sangerville. Hiram Percy Maxim of 
Hartford, Connecticut, a son of Sir Hiram Maxim, who like his 


father and others of the Maxim family, is a scientist and inventor, 
and the inventor of what is known as the Maxim Silencer, also ad- 
dressed the meeting and re^id a speech written by his father, Sir 
Hiram Maxim of London, England, which appears in full on an- 
other page. 

Immediately following this program was an exhibition in the 
Town Hall by Mr. Maxim, of moving pictures and stereopticon 
views, representing Sir Hiram operating the Maxim machine gun in 
various positions, one being a picture of himself and King George 
inspecting the gun ; the great Gun and Steel Plate Manufactory of 
Vickers' Sons and Maxim; Sir Hiram's residence in London and in- 
terior views of the same; the whole presenting one of the most 
notable features that has probably ever been seen at any Centennial 
celebration in Maine. These pictures were taken especially for this 

A cablegram was received during the afternoon from Sir Hiram 
and read b}' Mr. Maxim to the audience, as follows: 

"Centennial Conmiittee, Sangerville, Me., L". S. A. Con- 
gratulations Dear Old Sangerville. 

(Signed) Maxim, London, England, Norwood Rd. S. E. " 

Among the floats were the following: 

East Sangerville Grange, 
V. E. Sanders Marsh, 
. A. F. Marsh, 
Sanders Bros. & Co., 
Degree of Honor, 
Music and Drawing, 
J. T. Club, 
Queens of Avilion, 
Our Schools, 

East Sangerville and Campbell's Corner Schools, 
South Sangerville Grange, 
U. S. Separators, 
Wedding of 1814, 
Wedding of 1914, 
Page, Spearing Co., 
Log Cabin, 

Hook and Ladder Co., 
• Modern Loom in action (Sangerville Woolen Co.), 
Old Loom in action. 
Two Pony Teams, 
Indians, First Settlers, 
Sangerville Woolen Co. and J. W. Leighton, 


20 Teams (Clarence Drew), 
Old Flax Wheel (Mrs. Mary Campbell), 
Mrs. Louise Genthner, decorated Automobile, 
Mr. A. O. Campbell, decorated Automobile. 

The committee awarded the first prize for the most attractive 
float, to the East Sangerville Grano'e and the second prize to Mrs. 
V. Cleaves for the old loom. The log cabin received the first prize 
for antiques and Mrs. Mary Campbell received the second prize for 
the old flax wheel. 

One of the features of the parade was a carriage containing 

thirteen babies, the mothers of whom were: 

Mrs. June Dexter, Mrs. Flora Leighton, 

Mrs. Bessie Sawyer, Mrs. Flora Lewis, 

Mrs. Maud Clukey, Mrs. Lilla Diffin, 

Mrs. Sadie Gifford, Mrs. Robie Perkins, 

Mrs. Grace Witham, Mrs. Lottie Seabury, 

Mrs. Nellie Grant, Mrs. Helda Folley. 
Mrs. Agnes Andrews, 



'H^jr^^fi-'l _■* 

b:^^"^^^l'!iii: I M mill, f • ^^ ^'-^ 



Historical Address 

By John Francis Sprague 

Mr. Chairman, and Fellow Citizens : 

One hundred years is not a great span of time if measured by 
the recorded history of the progress of man's civilization, but if 
measured by the tremendous events which have transpired since the 
first day of the century whose milestone we mark today, it is equal 
to many centuries which have passed since man began to make rec- 
ord of his doings. 

One hundred and thirteen years ago a man of bravery and 
sterling qualities left his home in Hancock, New Hampshire, and 
penetrated the wilderness, where is now the town of Sangerville, 
and on a spot near Lane's Corner on what was in subsequent years 
known as the Marr place, chopped down the first trees, had the first 
*'burnt piece,"' built the first log house and began the first settle- 
ment of this town. His name was Phineas Ames^ and for thirteen 

(a) The original family name was spelled E-a-m-e-s and this branch 
the family changed it to A-m-e-s about 1750. 

Phineas Ames was born in Rutland, Massachusetts, October 26, 1757, 
and descended in the fifth generation from Robert Ames, who came from 
England to Massachusetts sometime previous to 1661. It is not known ex- 
actly where he first landed, but it is known that he resided in Andover, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1661. 

Phineas Ames was a Revolutionary soldier. His first service in the 
Continental Army appears to have been eleven days, commencing August 
20, 1777. 

Edgar Crosby Smith, in Sketches of Revolutionary Soldiers of Piscata- 
quis County, (Piscataquis Historical Society Collections, Vol. 1, Page 155) 
says : 

"His second service of which we have any record is that of his enlist- 
ment of September 27, 1777. After the battle of Bemis' Heights, Septem- 
ber 19, 1777, reserves were hurried on to Saratoga to assist Gen. Gates. 
Ames enlisted in Capt. John Boynton's company. Col. Sparhawk's regi- 
ment, under the command of Major Jonas Wilder, and this regiment were 
ordered to join the army of the Northern Department. It is probable that 
he arrived at the seat of war in season to participate in the battle of Oc- 
tober 7. Burgoyne surrendered and laid down his arms October 17, 1777, 
and many of the militia companies were then discharged. Phineas Ames' 
discharge was dated October 18, 1777, the day after Burgoyne's surrender. 
Service, twenty-nine days." 

Francis M. Ames of Dover is a grandson, and Judson Ames of Foxcroft 
is a greatgrandson of Phineas Ames. 


years this humble settlement, which was since expanded into the 
prosperous town with its busy factories and fertile farms which we 
know today, was, in honor of this first pioneer named and known 
as Amestown. Other settlers sighting the smoke of his little cabin 
curling through the tree tops and attracted by that location soon 
commenced other clearings, and made their own little openings and 
laid foundations for future homes. His first white neighbor was 
from the same state as himself, James Weymouth of Lee, New 
Hampshire, who came about one year later. 

This town was Number Four in the Sixth Range of towns 
north of the Waldo Patent. By order of the General Court of 
Massachusetts it was conveyed, on August 2, 1802, to John S. 
Faz}\^ Subsequently Colonel Calvin Sanger of Sherborn, Massa- 
chusetts, purchased three-fourths of it and soon after became its 
sole owner. 

Loring'^ says that Phineas Ames made a survey of the town 
^'sometime previous to 1807," and that his survey proving inaccur- 
ate, Colonel Sanger employed Isaac Coolidge from Massachusetts to 
make a re-survey of his portion of the town, the southeast quarter 
having been already lotted out by Moses Hodsdon. 

Many of the first settlers came from Sherborn and vicinity. 
One of the earliest of these was Walter Leland, who came in 1809. 
About three years later his father, Henry Leland, who was also a 
native of Sherborn and was born April 30, 1761, moved here and 
lived with his son Walter, and resided on the same farm until the 
time of his death June 26, 1835. He was a soldier in the Revo- 
lutionary AVar, having been mustered into the service April 27, 
1777, and served three years in Captain Alexander's Company of 
Colonel Edward Wigglesworth's Regiment of the Thirteenth Regi- 
ment of the Massachusetts Line.^ 

From an old account book that Walter Leland left, his son, 
Jediah Phipps Leland, now living, recently furnished me with the 
following copy of an entry in this book : 

(a) Owners of Maine Lands in 1820. Vol. 2, page 21 of the Journal. 

(b) Loring's History of Piscataquis County. (1880) p. 75. 

(c) Sketches' of Revolutionary Soldiers in Piscataquis County by Edgar 
C. Smith. (Piscataauis Historical Collections.) Vol. 1. d. 177. 


Sherborn, Mass., April 30, 1809. 
I started for the Province of Maine to take charge of Colonel 
Calvin Sanger's saw and grist mill. I had charge of the mills until 
Isaiah Knovvlton bought and took possession of the same in April, 

Walter Leland. 

He arrived here about the last week of the following May. 
He first settled in East Sangerville on land that is now known as 
the Fogg farm. He made the first clearing on that place, and lived 
there until 1836 when he mo\ed to an entirely new and wild lot of 
land and began the building of another farm, which is one of 
the well known Leland farms in East Sangerville, where he resided 
until his death, January 8, 1883. 

The Leland family of Sangerville descended from John Leland, 
born in London in 1512. His descendant, Henry Leland, born in 
England in 1625 and who married Margaret Badcock, came to 
America in 1652 and died in Sherborn, Massachusetts, April -1, 

Walter Leland was three times married. His first wife was 
Louisa Oakes of Sangerville. His second wife's name was Dane 
and she lived but a short time. His third wife was Hannah M. 
Bennett of Sangerville. 

He was the father of five children by his first wife; Sarah 
Phipps, b. Oct. 5, 1813; Walter, b. Nov. 12, 1815; Lydia Brown, 
b. Dec. 15, 1817; Laura Matilda, b. July 3, 1820; Chauncy Col- 
ton, b. Jan. 13, 1822. His children by his third wife were Jediah 
Phipps, b. Aug. 5, 1834; Henry Lowell, b. May 14, 1836; Joseph 
Brockway, b. March 7, 1838; Adelade Elizabeth, b. May 12, 1841 ; 
Mary Helen, b. Feb. 12, 1845; Adeline Ellen, b. Aug. 21, 1847. 

Walter Leland has also left a record that the following with 
their families comprised all who were living in the settlement when 
he arrived in 1809. 

Phineas Ames, 
Jesse Brockway, 
Nathaniel Stevens, 
William Stevens, 
Timothy Hutchinson, 
Solomon Oakes, 
Levi Oakes, 
Abel Oakes, 
James Weymouth. 

(a) The Leland Magazine and Genealogical Record of Henry Leland 


The Lelands of Sangerville have remained in the old homes and 
on the old farms of their sires, have adhered with commendable zeal 
to the same occupation inherited from them and the most honorable 
one known to the world. They are men of staunch and rugged 
character, and types of the highest kind of American citizenship. 
The late Henry L. Leland was during his life well known through- 
out Maine as an authority on agricultural subjects. 

Other early settlers were William Farnham who came here 
from Norridgewock, and Eben Stevens, a carpenter. Enoch Adams 
came from New Hampshire and Eleazer AVoodward from Vermont. 
He was a millwright and superintended the building of Sanger's 
Mills since known as Knowlton's Mills. Two young men in his 
employ were Guy Carleton and Oliver Woodward. About 1812-13 
Guy Carleton began the building of a sawmill near where is now 
Sangerville Village, soon adding to it a grist-mill and in 1816 
started a carding mill at the same place. He was active in the af- 
fairs of the Amestown settlement and of the new town of Sanger- 
ville, named in honor of Colonel Sanger. His name appears with 
frequency on the early town records and he was second selectman 
during the first two years of the town's existence. His name ap- 
pears in these records occasionally as "Coloner' Carleton. That 
little river which courses its way ocean ward through this village, 
has been, ever since his day in honor of his memory, called * 'Carle- 
ton Stream." 

In 1817 two brothers left Sherborn with a horse and pung and 
drove to this forest country where they were destined to become 
prominent in the new town, to build for themselves substantial 
homes and rear families who have all made an impress upon the 
community. These were Isaiah and William Knowlton, and they 
arrived here March 9, 1817. They preceded their father, whose 
name was Isaiah, by only a short time as he came here in the fol- 
lowing May. Two adjoining farms were settled and cleared by 
these brothers. Isaiah, Jr., soon became owner of the Sanger Mills; 
and from that day down through the generations since, Knowlton's 
Mill in East Sangerville served well the inhabitants for miles around, 
and although its wheels are now idle it yet stands as a landmark of 
the days of the fathers and when we used to '*go to mill'* there so 


manj years ago ; and it is a reminder of the worth and industry of 
Captain Knowlton. 

Isaiah Knowlton, Jr., was married to Clarissa Spooner Febru- 
ary 20, 1821. One of their sons, William Smith Knowlton, has 
won fame as a teacher of public schools and academies in ]\Iaine 
and Massachusetts. He has been a teacher for about hfty years 
and is still in the service. He was ordained as a Baptist clergy- 
man many years ago and frequently acts in that capacity. He 
is an eloquent speaker and has filled public positions with credit 
and honor. He has represented Piscataquis County in the Legisla- 
ture of Maine in both the House and Senate. He has also been an 
author of books and various pubHcations and his writings rank 
among the highest of Maine writers. *'The Old Schoolmaster or 
Forty-five Years With the Girls and Boys*' is the title of one of 
his most entertaining literary efforts. It was published by Burleigh 
& Flynt, Augusta, Maine, 1905, and is a charming story of his 
life work as a teacher of schools. 

The name of Benjamin C. Goss appears in the first records of 
SangervilJe and he was its second town clerk. He was born in New- 
buryport, Massachusetts, February 24, 1787, but the exact date of 
his settlement here is not known. 

In the convention which assembled at Portland, October 11, 
1819, for the purpose of forming a constitution for the State of 
Maine, among the delegates elected from Penobscot County towns, 
which are now a part of Piscataquis County, were Samuel Chamber- 
lain of Foxcroft, Benjamin C. Goss of Sangerville, Joseph Kelsey 
of Guilford, AVilliam R. Lowney of Sebec and Eleazier W. Snow 
of Atkinson, who was afterwards the first judge of probate for the 
new county of Piscata(iuis. 

In the biographical sketches of the mem])ers of this conven- 
tion appended to *'The Debates and Journal of the Constitution,"^ 
is the following : 

"Benjamin C. Goss, Sangerville, was a town clerk a few years, 
a shoemaker by trade, taught school. He possessed good native 
endowments and possessed ([ualities that might have led him to 
high literary and political position. He seems to have removed to 

(a) The Debates and Journal of the Constitutional Convention of 
Maine. (Augusta, Maine, 1894) p. 117. 


Sangerville from Readfield, and after a few years returned to Read- 

Although the act of incorporation was passed by the Legisla- 
ture in 1814, the inhabitants of the new town of Sangerville de- 
layed acting under it until March IB, 1815, when they applied to 
Nathaniel Chamberlain of Foxcroft, a Justice of the Peace, to call 
the first meeting for organization. This meeting was held March 
23, 1815, and a subsequent one to raise money for town purposes 
was held April 3, 1815. 

During the first few years many special town meetings were 
held for the purpose of accepting of town roads laid out by the 
selectmen and raising money to pay for the same, and also to fix the 
limits of school and highway districts. In the early struggles of 
these pioneers and first builders of a town, money was not as com- 
mon and plentiful as in our more fortunate times and at each annual 
town meeting for many years it was voted to take of the inhabi- 
tants, grain, such as wheat, corn and rye, as currency in payment 
for taxes. At the first meeting it was voted to allow one dollar and 
thirty-four cents per bushel for wheat and one dollar for rye and 
one dollar for corn. For a long while two tithing-men were chosen 
among the necessary town officers. This was an ancient custom of 
the Pilgrim Fathers and the Puritans and is of extreme antiquity. 
The first mention that we have of it is in Genesis where Abraham 
allows the king a tenth of the spoils taken from his enemies. 
Usually tithes were one-tenth of the annual profit of the land and 
were paid for purposes of church support. As the town meeting 
system developed in New England the office of tithing-man had a 
broader significance, and while his office pertained largely to church 
affairs, he l^ecame latterly more of a peace officer or a kind of Sun- 
day constable who saw that people came to church and obeyed all 
of the old rigid Puritan laws relating to "keeping the Sabbath Day 
holy." He attended Sunday meetings, compelled the people to go 
to church and with a fox tail wand kept them awake during the ser- 
mon. This office has during the last half century become entirely 
obsolete in Maine. 

At a meeting held in April, 1817, Samuel McClanathan, Guy 
Carleton and WilHam Oakes were chosen a committee "to furnish 
school masters and mistresses.'* 


At the first town meetings some one was always found who had 
the public welfare so much at heart that he collected the taxes free 
of expense. Later they began to pay a small compensation of less 
than one per cent and for many years it did not exceed one and one- 
half per cent. 

Leonard Dearth was also one of the Sherborn pioneers to San- 
gerville. He was born in Sherborn in 1792 and died in East San- 
gerville in 1880. The exact date of his settling here is not known 
but it is supposed to have been about 1813. He married Fanny 
Carsley of Sangerville. He cleared up and cultivated a large and 
thrifty farm at East Sangerville, where he resided during the re- 
mainder of his life. He was a man of sterling qualities and his 
descendants have all been worthy and prominent citizens, among 
whom are P^-eeman Daniel Dearth, a leading lawyer and political 
leader of Dexter; Charles F. Dearth, a well known business man of 
Foxcroft, and their brother, the late Doctor Leonard Dearth, a na- 
tive of Sangerville, who recently died in California. 

Enoch Leathers was born in Dover, New Hampshire, October 
2, 1763. On November 15, 1788, he married Mary Cilley of West- 
brook and settled in Buckfield. Later he had a residence in Brooks 

and in Crosbvtown, 

now Etna, Mame. On I '^ -^'^ /^^'::,'^^.--\:^ir^: 
November 26, 1829, f 
his youngest daughter, 
Lois Aseneth, married 
Jonathan Roberts, a 
young man who had just 
settled in Sangerville, 
and at about that time 
he moved here and be- 
came a resident, where 
he remained until he 
went to Foxcroft with 
his family in about 
1849. He died in the 
ninety-fifth year of his 
age and his remains rest 
in the cemetery at East 

wf^i-inmni ■?»w-.i'^', !»yi 1 ^,m 


Edgar Crosby Smith, in his sketches of Revolutionary Soldiers 
of Piscataquis County, (Piscataquis Historical Society Collections, 
Vol. 1, pp. 174-175) states that he was a soldier in both the wars 
of the Revolution and of 1812. He enlisted in the Continental 
Army in June, 1782, in the Company of Captain Samuel Cherry 
in Colonel George Reid's Regiment. He served two years and re- 
ceived an honorable discharge in 1782. In the war of 1812 he was 
in Colonel Ripley's Regiment and took part in several engagements, 
among which was the Battle of Lundy's Lane. 

The first attempt to have a settled minister in town was at a 
town meeting held on the first Monday in April, 1815, when it was 
voted not to accept of William Oaks as their minister. In 1820 an 
article appeared in the warrant to see if they would call elder John 
Daggett "to settle with them as their Minister" and the record 
states that "the vote was taken for and against and was against giv- 
ing him a call." The next effort in this direction was at the meet- 
ing of March 18, 1822, when it was voted "to give Elder Daniel 
Bartlett a call to come and preach upon trial with us." And on 
the fourth day of December, 1822, it was "voted that the ordi- 
nation of Mr. Daniel Bartlett be at the school-house near Carleton's 
Mills the 24th day of December and that the selectmen be a com- 
mittee to receive the said Bartlett after his ordination as town 
minister, agreeable to a former vote of said town & make all other 
arrangements that said committee may think proper." 

On the eighteenth day of June, 1822, it was "voted that Elder 
Daniel Bartlett^ be town Minister by his giving back one half of 
the land that belongs to sd town for the first settled Minister to be 
divided by Esq. Joseph Kelsey, Abraham Moore ^ Alexander Green- 
wood. Etjual in value to the Congregational Society in sd town & 
the sd society agree to expend their part for the support of preach- 
ing equal with the Baptist Society in each part of the town Si the 
sd Bartlett is to have his choice after divided." 
The report of this committee is as follows: 

Presuant to the vote of the town of Sangerville appointing 
Joseph Kelsey, Abraham Moore & Alexander Greenwood, Esqs., a 
Committee to divide according to quantity & quality the lands in 
said town granted to the first settled minister. Have attended that 
service & reported as follows: That they value Lot No. one in the 

(a) Daniel Bartlett was a minister in the Baptist denomination. 


first range at two dollars & twenty five cents per acre; Lot No. one 
in range eighth at one dollar & twenty five cents per acre the last 
had 140 acres & the first 168 acres Making a difference of one hun- 
dred & one Dollars & fifty cents to be paid to the congregational 
society or if the lot No. 1 in the first range is divided forty five 
acres to be taken of in the following manner or the west side line 
by a line parallel with the west side line of sd lot Dated June 27, 
1822 agreeable to their report to me 

Isaac Macomber, Clerk. 

The following is also a part of the Record: 

June 21, 1822 Agreeable to notice given by the selectmen who 
were requested by the said town to give Elder Daniel Bartlett in- 
formation with regard to his being chose & on what conditions as 
towns Minister have attended that service and he came forward & 
declared his acceptance. 

Attest. Isaac Macomber, Clerk. 

Thus it seems that Daniel Bartlett was the first settled minis- 
ter in the town. 

In the early days of Maine our pauper laws were so lax that it 

was possible for towns to set up paupers at auction in open town 

meeting and bid them off to the lowest bidder. That is, the one 

who would agree to support the person who was a town charge the 

cheapest was given the job, and whatever work such person could 

perform belonged to the one who bid off such person. Sometimes 

the bids were merely nominal, only one or two dollars for a year, 

the labor of the pauper evidently being the principal object in the 

transaction. And as it is typical of a custom that prevailed in 

that day not only in Sanger ville but probably in nearly all other 

Maine towns, I copy the following which occurred at a special town 

meeting held November 19, 1823: 

Voted to put up to the highest bidder Mrs. D's. three children 
separately for one year & the persons that bid them off are to 
board & clothe them & if they should be sick the town to pay the 
Doctor's bill, only Rachael the oldest was bid off by Mr. Oliver M. 
Brown for thirteen dollars and seventy-five cents for one year. 
Hiram was bid off by Mr. William Cleaves for eleven dollars & 
seventy-five cents for one year. Voted that Mrs. D. be set up at 
the same as the others & that she & the youngest be put up to- 
gether. Mrs. D. and the youngest was bid off by Mr. Oliver M. 
Brown for eight dollars per year. 

This method of caring for the town's poor was cruel and un- 
just, being no less than one form of human slavery. The privilege 
under the law to proceed in this way was so flagrantly abused, and 



it became such a state wide disgrace, that the Legislature of Maine 
b}' Chapter 12 of the Public Laws of 1847, passed the following 


"It shall not be lawful for the inhabitants of any town in this 

State, by its overseers or otherwise, to permit any poor and indigent 
persons, chargeable to such town, to be set up and bid off by way 
of auction, either for support or service." And this has ever since 
been the law of Maine upon this subject. This is one of the statu- 
tory changes and one of many events which mark the evolution of 
the final absolute dissolution of the united interests of church and 
state in Maine. 

The history of races, of nations, of states and of towns dem- 
onstrates the steady advancement and the unftiltering progress of 
man; and we behold it right here in our study of these old Sanger- 
ville town records, not only regarding this matter and the abandon- 
ment of tithing-men as town officers, but in other things which they 
disclose. The poets and the philosophers of all the ages have seen 
and understood this great truth. We see with the eyes of Whit- 

And step by step, since time began, 

I see the steady gain of man. 

Or with Tennyson : 

Yet I doubt not thro' the asres one 

increasing purpose runs, 
And the thoughts of men are widen'd with 

the process of the suns. 

Somehow the human race has always desired the use of stinm- 
lants in the form of strong drink and in later years it has been 
deemed wise to regulate and restrict such use as far as it may be 
possible so to do. The Legislature of Maine by Chapter 13'3 of 
the Public Laws of 1821, approved March 20, 1821, enacted "that 
no person shall presume to be a common victualler, innholder, or 
seller of wine, beer, ale, cider, brandy, rum or any strong li([uors 

by retail, except such persons be duly licensed as 

is hereinafter provided, on pain of forfeiting the sum of fifty dol- 
lars," etc. The licensing board consisted of the selectmen, treas- 
urer and town clerk of towns, and the assessors, treasurer and clerk 
of each plantation ; such persons to meet on the second Monday of 
September of each year for the purpose of acting on applications 
for licenses. The law instructed this board to license for one year 


as retailers of strong drink, ''as many persons of sober life and con- 
versation, and suitably qualified for the employment, for which they 
may severally apply to be licensed, as they may deem necessary." 

These licenses paid into the town treasury the sum of six dol- 
lars for this privileoe and the town clerk received twenty-five cents 
for recording each license. The first record of the doings of the 
licensing board in Sangerville was on Monday, the ninth day of 
September, 1822, at the dwelling house of Isaac Macomber, when 
a license was granted to Isaac Macomber "as a retailer agreeable to 
law.'' It seemed, however, that Mr. Macomber was unable to sat- 
isfy all of the demands of this nature, for on January 28, 1823, 
"Mr. Edward Mitchell was licensed as a retailer until the next 
annual meeting in September." In 1825 the business of retailing 
strong drink and grog had increased so that five persons were li- 
censed, namely : Edward ^Mitchell, Moses Ayer, Isaac ^Macomber, 
Thomas ^lansfield and Thomas Fuller, an innholder. 

For the first several years the town meetings were usually held 
in dwelling houses, but about 1823 they began to hold them in "the 
schoolhouse near Carleton's Mills. " The first list of jurors pre- 
sented to the town by the selectmen and accepted as such by the 
voters was on April IT, 1823, and were as follows: William Par- 
sons, Guy Carleton, Thomas Fuller, Robert Carleton, Wing Spooner 
and Abel Brock way. 

It would have been both a physical and mental impossibility 
for any one to have prepared an accurate outline even of the early 
history of Sangerville in the short time allotted to me by your com- 
mittee. I could only take the old records available, and what they 
reminded me of, and the meager information of a few older persons 
which were attainable and make an attempt to give you an indis- 
tinct and what is simply a bird's-eye view of the life and labors of 
these first settlers in the town of Sangerville. There were four dis- 
tinct points of settlement in the town ; East Sangerville or Lane's 
Corner; Carleton's Mills or Sangerville Village; South Sangerville, 
(which later included Brockway's Mills), and Gilman's Corner, and 
French's Mills in the southwesterly part of the town. The settlers 
in East Sangerville came largely from Sherborn, Massachusetts, and 
the Gilmans and their neighbors from New Hampshire, while the 
sources of the Carleton Mills settlement were more mixed, coming 


not only from Massachusetts and New Hampshire, but from other 
towns in Maine and from other portions of New England as well. 

Benjamin Lane at Lane's Corner and Stephen Lowell at Carle- 
ton's Mills were among the first storekeepers in town. The Gil- 
mans of Oilman's Corner became famous for the making and selling 
of winnowing mills to the farmers for many miles around, and for 
a while Moses Gilman kept a small store at Oilman's Corner. 

I recall Lucian French of French's Mills as a man, for his day 
and generation, of more than ordinary intelligence and of rather 
superior intellectual attainments. He was a mechanic and quite 
studious along these and mathematical lines, but I remember him 
more as an enthusiastic follower of William Miller in his religious 
belief or what is now known as a Second Adventist. 

The Baileys, Lougees, Parsonses, Brockways, Bishops, Maxims, 
Folsoms, Spragues and Fowlers were among the first settlers of 
South Sangerville. Rufus Brockway was from the Province of New 
Brunswick. His son, Cyrus Brockway, was quite prominent in town 
affairs and was at different times one of the selectmen. His daugh- 
ter Helen married the late Colonel Charles A. Clark of Cedar Rap- 
ids, Iowa, a prominent lawyer of the Middle West,^ and a native of 
Sangerville. Among other men of note who are natives of this 
town the name of Colonel Stanley Plummer of Dexter should not 
be overlooked. 

Samuel Maxim was a prosperous farmer whose farm adjoined 
that of Heircy Bishop. Pie was a brother of Isaac Maxim, who 
lived for a time in the Nickerson house opposite the home of Cyrus 
Brockway at Brockway 's Mills. Isaac was the father of Sir Pliram 
^laxim and it was in this Nickerson house that Sir Hiram was born. 
In my boyhood days it was called the "Young Cyrus Brockway 
house" as Cyrus Brockway 2d, a nephew of Cyrus, son of Rufus, 
resided there for several years after the Maxims moved out. It was 
the sons and daughters of the first settlers that I knew in my 
childhood da\s, and they were sturdy, frugal and industrious people. 
The old time musters with their annual jollifications, cider, rum and 
long sheets of gingerbread were then only a memory to be related 
to the younger generation by the old gray haired Colonels, Majors 

(a) Colonel Clark died at Cedar Rapids, Iowa, December 22, 1913. 


and Captains who had survived from the glorious days of the old 
Maine Militia. 

I can recall the flocks of sheep being driven down the Bishop 
Hill by the Farnhams, Andersons, Damons, and others to be 
washed at the falls at Brockway's Mills which were on the outlet 
of Center Pond. All of the neighbors thereabouts washed their 
sheep at these falls and a jug of good old cider usually accompanied 
the sheep washing process. 

I can see the pedlers with their carts top heavy with great sacks 
of paper rags, which they bought in exchange for their wares at 
three cents per pound; drovers, who went through the country buy- 
ing large herds of cattle and flocks of sheep for the Brighton mar- 
ket. I can see the "old stragglers** that made periodical visits and 
who were of a similar type to our present wandering Willies, for 
the latter day "tramp,** had not then been evolved. 

I remember perhaps more distinctly than any of them "Old 
Straggler French'* whom David Barker has immortalized in his 
poem "To Leather French.*' 

Then the scanning of these old records brings vividly to mind 
the days when tallow candles and the blaze from the pine knots in 
the fire-places furnished the evening lights. 

I remember Sangerville in those days as a type of the country 
places in Maine as they existed a half a century ago or more. It 
had several large common school districts and there were saw, shingle 
and grist-mills at the village, at Knowlton's, Brockway's Mills and 
French's Mills, but these grist-mills could only grind corn and grain 
into meiil and could not bolt wheat, barley and rye into flour, so 
when that was to be done, we around Brockway's ]\Iills, hauled our 
grists either to Dexter or Guilford, and those around East Sanger- 
ville I think generally went to Dover for this purpose. 

AlS the best description that I can write of the old neighbor- 
hood I quote the following from "Cy Strong's Neighborhood" in 
Backwoods Sketches :^ 

Those were good old days, never to return, for the conditions 
can never again be the same. Although they lived far apart in 
many instances, they were very social and enjoyed life. Besides 

(a) Backwoods Sketches, John Francis Sprague, (Augusta, 1912) p. 


meeting each other every Sunday at the schoolhouses to attend re- 
ligious meetings, they would also meet together to do considerable 
of their farm and household work. 

Not a quilt was ever made in the Strong neighborhood except 
at a quilting-bee, when the women and older girls would all assem- 
ble at the home where the quilt was to be made, and when it was 
finished the affair would wind up with all the men and boys being 
present at a generous supper of baked beans, pies and twisted 
doughnuts sweetened with molasses. Then the visiting women 
would all inquire of the hostess how she made such nice mince and 
pumpkin pies, and while riding home on the oxsleds would turn up 
their noses to each other and say that they were about the mean- 
est pies they had seen this year. 

All of the apples were prepared for dn-ing at paring-bees, all 
of the corn was husked out and made ready for the shed chamber at 
huskings, and from time immemorial the finding of a red ear of 
corn by a blushing maiden was the signal for a diversion in kissing; 
all of the houses and barns were raised at raisings and the men and 
women all attended to assist the good woman of the house in pre- 
paring a big supper. Not least in the round of gaieties was the 
piling-bee. When any of the neighbors had a ten or twenty acre 
lot of trees which had been cut down in long wind-rows and which 
they called "a fell piece," they would set it on fire and get a good 
or a poor burn as the case might be, but after the fire many huge 
charred trees remained, which had to be junked up and rolled into 
piles to season for a second burning. When ready for the first pil- 
ing, the farmer v/ould send invitations to ail of the neighbors to 
come to his piling-bee and the same festivities would follow the pil- 
ing of the burnt piece that followed the making of the quilt, the 
paring of the apples, the husking of the corn and the raising of the 
bam. Then the young folks had their spelling, singing and writing 
schools in the long winter evenings in the schoolhouse when all 
were merry and gay. 

Each month of May was also a jolly time for the boys and girls, 
and more than one courtship was the result of the annual hanging 
of May baskets to each other's doors. An unwritten law governed 
the custom that the hanger must make a loud knock at the door 
when he or she left the basket, which was always made from some 
bright colored paper, and the recipient, if present, must give chase 
and catch the hanger, if possible. When thus caught, hugging and 
kissing followed, as a matter of course. When Mary Farnham 
hung a May basket for Martin Osgood she enclosed a neat little note 
upon which was written: 

A Martin is a pretty bird, 
The sweetest songster I ever heard; 
And I have come a rod or more 
To hang a basket at his door. 


Martin^ caught Mary, and as others had a hand in it the cat was 
out of the bag, for several saw the billet. But Martin and Mary 
didn't care much, as they were quite sweet on each other. If poor 
Martin hadn't died with consumption there might have been a wed- 
ding some day The lights and shadows of life in 

the old neighborhood are now only fading memories. Cy Strong 
and his sturdy neighbors long since passed into the mysterious be- 
yond. Some of the sons and daughters have taken the same dark 
journey, others are now wrinkled men and grayhaired women in 
other climes and places. The cows graze the hillside as then, the 
fields of waving grain are as golden, the clover is as fragrant, the 
flowers bloom as beautiful, the birds sing as sweetly and the sun 
shines as brightly as in the good old days when drovers, peddlers, 
travelers and old stragglers would inquire how far it was to Cy 
Strong's neighborhood. 

About the year 178-i Samuel Maxim and his brother Ephraim 
moved from Wareham, [Massachusetts, to New Sandwich in the 
Province of Elaine, afterwards (1798) incorporated as the town of 
Wayne. Subse(|uently their father, Nathan Maxim, moved from 
Wareham to Wayne and resided with tliem until his death. Isaac 
Maxim, the son of Samuel, was born in the town of Strong- in the 
District of Maine, October 16, 1814, and died in AVayne April 29, 
1883. He moved into what is now Piscata([uis County before the 
county was incorporated. He married Harriett Boston Stevens in 
Blanchard, Maine, October 14, 1838. His son, Hiram Stevens 
Maxim, now known throui^hout the civilized world as Sir Hiram 
Maxim, was born in that part of Sangerville known as Brockway's 
Mills, in what was formerly called the Nickerson house, February 
5, 1840. 

Isaac Maxim resided with his family for many years in several 
different towns in Piscataquis County before his departure for 
Wayne. My own recollection of him is that of a man of full height, 
well proportioned, with keen black eyes, a massive forehead, with 
hair and a lengthy beard whitened by the frosts of many winters, 
giving him a truly patriarchal appearance. Although never hav- 
ing had but a limited education he was during his life a profound 
student of such subjects as engaged his attention. His favorite 
themes of thought were of matters that pertained to the mechan- 

(a) Martin Maxim is the one referred to. He was a promising young: man who died in 
early manhood, and was the son of Samuel Maxim and a cousin of Sir Hiram, and the youn? 
lady was a daughter of Deacon Joseph Fowler. 


ical arts and inventions and also scientiiic and theological subjects. 
As his son Hiram said of him in after years in an interview pub- 
lished in the Pall-Mali Gazette: "He was a philosopher if there 
ever was one,*' yet he was a dreamer more than he was a practical 
man of affairs. It was from him that Sir Hiram received the first 
impression of the principle in mechanism upon which is founded 
the famous Maxim Machine Gun, that has made the name of Hiram 
Stevens Maxim world renowned and has placed him in the ranks of 
the world's greatest and most eminent inventors. But while the 
germ came from the father, it was the son's genius that developed 
and perfected it and made it of practical use to the armies of the 

Someone has said that the people of this world are divided into 
two classes, viz. : "The men who have seen visions and the herd 
that has laughed at the visions and the visionary.'* 

Isaac Maxim saw visions and dreamed dreams, but I will always 
remember him with reverence and respect for he was not only a man 
of great intellect but thoroughly honest and upright and gave in- 
spiration to a family of inventors who are not dreamers but pre- 
eminently men of affairs. 

Sir Hiram ]\Iaxim is a resident of the world and not of any 
one commonwealth, nation or kingdom, and deals, makes contracts 
and does things with great governments, and with sovereigns and 
potentiites that represent millions of the world's inhabitants. He 
is one of the world's great inventors, the peer of a Newton, a Morse 
and a Franklin, and a compeer of the great Edison. 

AVilliam G. Clark was for many years a lawyer in Sanger ville. 
He was for a time town clerk and held other town offices. He 
reared a large family, his sons becoming leading and influential 
men. Colonel Charles A. Clark of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, was one 
of them. 

Moses Carr, fated to become an important factor in the indus- 
trial expansion of the town, and who lived to the remarkable age of 
one hundred and one years, was born in Vienna, Maine, April 22, 
1810. He married Sally "l^add of the same town. As a farm 
laborer in his native town he had earned and saved about three 
hundred dollars, and with this money in his pocket, and his wife 
and father accompanying him on a sled drawn by a pair of oxen, 


in the winter of 1831, he moved to Sangerville and purchased a 
farm then having been but httle improved by a fe^v acres of cleared 
land and a log cabin. Here he developed a fertile farm which was 
his home during his lifetime. In his day there were no railroads 
in this part of Maine, and not only all of the travel here from 
other parts came over the highways in stage coaches, but all of the 
merchandise supplied to these inhabitants had to be hauled from 
Bangor on what were called "tote"' teams. Mr. Carr early became 
a toter to and from Bangor. Then he extended his toting or 
teaming to the lumber camps in the woods at the north of us and 
would purchase products of the fiirmers and haul them to the lum- 
ber camps and sell them at a profit. One of the products that he 
handled with great success was called '*cider apple sauce." Then 
the farmers* wives were skilled in an art that at sometime during 
the past fifty years, was, apparently, suddenly and simultaneously 
lost by the farmer folk all over the State of Elaine. In my opin- 
ion this was the richest and most delicious table sauce ever known 
of or used by any people in this world. It was to me like Brutus' 
idea, "a dish fit for the gods." While few if any today appear 
to have the least conception of how it should be made the process 
was then a matter of common knowledge. Farmers with large 
orchards in the neighborhood where I lived when a boy, farmers 
like Samuel Maxim, Heircy Bishop, Josiah S. Folsom and Joseph 
Fowler, would each make several barrels of it every fall. Moses 
Carr soon founded a successful business in purchasing barrels of 
apple sauce of them and selling it to the lumbermen. As a 
farmer, teamster and dealer in farm produce he amassed a fortune 
which in later years he successfully used in enlarging and develop- 
ing the woolen industry in this town. 

The later prosperity of Sangerville is largely indebted to Moses 
CaiT and his sons and to the late David R. Campbell and his sons, 
for their activities in establishing here the business of manufactur- 
ing woolen cloth. 

Another early Sangerville family that made its mark in town 
descended from Elder William Oakes or as the family name is some- 
times spelled in the old records. Oak. He moved here from Skow- 
hegan, Maine, and was a descendant of Nathaniel Oak, born in 
England in about 1645 and who emigrated to Marlboro, (now 


Northboro, ^Massachusetts), about 1660-5. His son, William Oaks, 
Jr., was a colonel in the Maine Militia and active in the affairs of 
the new town. He was born in Canaan, Maine, November 8, 1795. 
He married Mary Weymouth, May 3, 1819. In the "'Family reg- 
ister of Nathaniel Oak of Marlboro, Mass., and his descendants" 
by Henry Lebbeus Oak, published in 1906, I take the following 
relating to him : 

"8 children; Abner, James, William, Albion, Valentine, Wil- 
liam, Mary, Augustus. Colonel William Oaks was a very promi- 
nent citizen. Colonel of Militia holding town, county and state af- 
fairs. It is regretted that a more detailed account of his life has 
not been furnished. Many of his descendants are in the professions 
— lawyers, teachers, engineers and artists." The late William P. 
Oakes of Foxcroft was one of his sons, a graduate of Colby College, 
a member of the bar, but better known throughout eastern Maine 
as a civil engineer and land surveyor. While he resided in Sanger- 
ville he was for many years chairman of the board of selectmen and 
held the same position a part of the time while he resided in Fox- 

The first marriage in Sangerville after its legal organization 
was that of Joseph Morgridge to ^liss Olive Oakes, who were united 
in marriage May 15, 1815, by Samuel McClanathan, justice of the 
peace. He appears to have been the only justice of the peace here 
for several years and until 1821 when the name of Benjamin C. 
Goss appears in this capacity. Then followed Guy Carleton, Isaac 
Macomber and Samuel C. Clark. 

Among others of the leading men of Sangerville whom I can 
recall and who were either of the earliest settlers, then venerable, 
or their hardy sons and daughters, were Enoch Adams, Enos A. 
Flanders, Benjamin Lane, John S. Cleaves, Phileoman C. Parsons, 
Leonard Dearth and John Parsons; the Jacksons, the Farnhams, 
the Ponds, the Ordways, the Weymouths and the Carsleys. 

John Parsons, who was my grandfather on my mother's side and 
also the grandfather of the Honorable Willis E. Parsons, your 
orator today, was the son of Kendall and Elizia (Bryant) Parsons 
and was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, June 15, 1781. His 
first home in Maine was in the town of Canton and it is not 
known just when he moved to Sangerville, but I believe it to have 


been prior to 1830. He died in Easton, Maine, March 26, 18T1. 
I can remember well of listening to his stories of the privation, the 
cold seasons, the severe winters and the toil and suffering of his 
early life in this town. 

About 1820 Jeremiah Abbott of Andover, Massachusetts, 
settled in the adjoining town of Dexter and soon built a little card- 
ing mill which was the beginning of the woolen industry in that 
town. My Grandfsither Parsons has often told me of shearing his 
sheep, taking the fleeces of wool on his back and carrying them 
down through the woods to Abbott's Mill, or as he expressed it "to 
Mr. Abbets" to be carded into rolls and later to be by the good 
wife spun into yarn and finally woven into cloth for family use. 

The Jacksons of Sangerville have always been numbered among 
the worthy and substantial citizens of the town. They descended 
from AVilliam Jackson who moved here from Litchfield, Maine, in 
March, 1812. One of his sons, My rick S. Jackson, went from San- 
gerville to Bangor when a young man and resided there during the 
remainder of his life. He was lonn^ engaged in a successful mer- 
cantile business in that city. Alden D. Jackson still lives on the 
old homestead farm. 

It would require much time and tedious research, as much as 
it ought, injustice to their memorv, to be done, to assemble ma- 
terial facts relative to these rugged pioneers who first came into this 
wilderness and in a fierce battle for existence laid the foundations 
for the beautiful, comfortable and luxurious homes which we see to- 
day throughout this prosperous town. x\nd they accomplished 
more even than the building of homes; they were founders of a 
town and co-workers with other dauntless spirits who carved out a 
County and erected a State. 




of Dover, Maine 

Son of Elbridge Gerry and Sarah (Parsons) Sprague; born in Sangerville, July 16, 1848. He 
is a descendant of William Sprague who was born in Er.>?land in 1609 and emigrated to Salem, 
Massachusetts, in 1629 and later to Chariestown, Massachusetts, and aU^ut IG^^o moved to Hing- 
ham, Massachusetts. William was the son of Edward Sprague of Upway, County of Dorset. 
England, who died in 1614. 

He was educated in the common schools at the Brockway's Mills district in Sangerville; was 
admitted to the Piscataquis Bar in 1S74; commence<i the practice of law at Abbot Village, 
Maine, that year and moved to Monson, Maine, in l^TC*, where he resided until 1910, when he be- 
came a resident of Dover, Maine. Was a member of the Maine House of Representatives in 
1&8.S-IS93; member of the Republican State Committee lS>7-18yi. He is referee in bankruptcy 
for Piscataquis County; tru-teeof Monson Academy; member of the Maine Historical Society 
and the National Geo'.,'raphic Society and president of the Piscataquis Historical Society; mem- 
ber and president of the Maine Society, Sons of the American Revolution; member and a past 
president of the Maine Sportsmen's Association; member of the Odd Fellows and Masonic 
orders; author of "Piscataquis Biography and Fragments;" "A History of Doric Lodge;" "Se- 
bastian Rale, A Maine Tragedy of th- Eighteenth Century;" '"The North Eastern Boundary 
Controversy and the Aroostook War," etc., and is now editor of Sprague's Journal of Maine 



By Honorable Willis E. Parsons 

Mr. Chairman and Citizens of Sangerville: 

Upon this, your one hundredth anniversary, I am pleased to 
greet you, and happy to recognize in the town of Sangerville a mu- 
nicipality which stands as one of the solid, substantial units of our 
beloved Commonwealth, one which has no superior among towns of 
like population in the best state in all the Union. 

For intelligence, integrity and moral worth, the people of 
Maine are unsurpassed by any in our proud galaxy of states, or 
other portions of the civilized world. 

Your history has been written by one of your own distinguished 
sons, John Francis Sprague, lawyer and author, and I shall only re- 
fer to it in a general way. 

Our fathers who cleared the way and conquered the wilderness 
were of that hardy, Puritanical stock which believed in right living 
and good government, establishing as the foundation thereof the 
church and the school wherever it went, whether to the prairie lands 
of the West, or to penetrate the rugged forest of Maine. 

From the landing of our Pilgrim fathers upon the rock-bound 
coast of New England until the present time, the sturdy, persever- 
ing, self-sacrificing pioneer, whether seeking freedom to worship 
God, laying the foundation of a mighty empire, strengthening polit- 
ical and religious lil^erty, or seeking a home for self and loved ones, 
has endured hardships and privations which make him worthy our 
highest praise and admiration ; and those who laid the foundation 
of your beautiful, prosperous homes in Sangerville deserve as a rec- 
ord of their heroic deeds a monument more enduring than the im- 
perishable rocks of the everlasting hills. 

Many before them had located upon the banks of the Penob- 
scot, that great highway to the sea, and were almost as much at 
home in the boat or swift-gliding canoe as upon the land. Timber 
was cut upon the shores and the taking of it to market and return- 
ing with the fruits of their labor had relieverl them of much of the 
privation that was to be the lot and experience of those who located 
away from the river in the dense forest whicli they must clear to 
raise food for their dependent families. 


But the brave men and women of Sanger vi He were equal to the 
task. They overcame every obstacle. They not only made for 
themselves comfortable homes, but maintained schools for their 
children that laid the foundation for useful lives. 

As the felling of the trees and clearing away the forests let in 
the sunlight and warmth, so their industry, perseverance and in- 
tegrity laid a moral and social foundation for the intelligence, hap- 
piness and prosperity of today. We should now remember their 
noble work, their self-sacrificing toil, as we gather from their im- 
perishable harvest. 

Those early pioneers certainly knew what toil was; they knew 
what it meant to concjuer the forest and make the wilderness blos- 
som as the rose. Their day's work was not measured by hours, but 
lasted from sun to sun, or from daylight to dark. The log cabin 
was built, the trees were felled, limbs lopped; and then when they 
had dried a little, came the burning and piling, and the burning of 
the piles, and when the land was cleared, spudding in the potatoes, 
beans and corn, and sowing the oats, wheat, rye and barley, yes, 
and buckwheat, too, for what would a new country be worth with- 
out buckwheat griddle cakes ; and when not attending to their crops 
they were shaving shingles to take to that growing town on the 
Penobscot to exchange for produce at the store, and a little, very 
little, cash, or working on the highways and in the winter in the 
woods, -while the good wife and boys looked after the stock and did 
the chores, or the boys and girls attended to the work about the 
place while mother spun the yarn and knit the socks and mitts, or 
wove the homespun cloth that her husband and little ones might be 
warmly clothed. 

And into that labor of love, entered the boys and girls of 
Sangerville, for the Johns and Jims and all the Bills, as well as 
Tom, Dick and Harry, helped father, and Susie and Mary and all 
the other girls helped mother, and sometimes the girls worked on 
the farm. 

And they all went to school in the winter, and the boys took 
turns building the fires, and the teacher boarded around; and some- 
times there were spelling schools and excitement ran high, and the 
boys would pluck up courage to go home with the girls and by and 
by AN'illiam would become steady company for Mary and a little 


later a new home would be started up here in the wilderness ; and 
who shall say that those young people were not just as happy up 
here, toiling for themselves and posterity, as the millionaire of to- 
day, for in all this heroic labor there were pleasant hours as well as 
sad, sunshine as well as shadow, and yet we can little realize today 
the privations and hardships of those early pioneers, who in this and 
other localities in the interior of our state, toiled unceasingly that 
they might erect and maintain for themselves and families comfort- 
able homes and establish communities which should grow and de- 
velop into a blessing to all posterity. 

Your first settler, Phineas Ames, in 1801, was soon followed 
by others, and the men who followed the bridle path and erected 
the log cabins, felled the trees and planted the seed, trusting in God 
for the harvest, had something in mind other than a mere sub- 
sistence, and soon schools were established, and, possessing that 
deep-seated interest for the spiritual welfare of tlieir children that 
has ever characterized our people, religious services were held in the 
log schoolhouse and the little community of Amestown or Sanger- 
ville so grew and prospered that in 1814 a charter was asked for and 
granted by the General Court of Massachusetts, June 13 of that 
year, and the town of Sangerville entered upon her first one hun- 
dred years of usefulness. 

Several years later, in 1822, your first settled minister, Elder 
Daniel Bartlett of the Baptist persuasion, began his labors among 
you, ministering to the welfare of your small community, in sick- 
ness and health, in sorrow and gladness, by the bedside of the dying 
and at the marriage rites, guiding, the aged as well as the young, 
making the interests of the new settlement his own, ever pointing 
to a higher life, advocating that religious faith, morality and right 
living which still obtains in the good town of Sangerville. The 
fruits of his labors and of others like him, we now enjoy, and few 
there are, whether professed Chi-istians or not, who do not wish to 
do some good in the world. 

The martyred Lincoln, who among all the beacon lights of 
history, save Washington alone, still remains the surest guide to 
the American peo{)le, said, '*God forbid that the world should not 
be made better for my having lived in it." And in his great life 
work he ever recognized that higher Power, before Whom earth's 


mightiest conqueror is but a grain of dust, or even as the shadow- 
that fleeth away. 

Only two years before your incorporation, the war was de- 
clared with England and there was here in this little community, as 
in Foxcroft and the surrounding towns, much alarm in regard to 
the Indians. 

I have been unable to find any written historj' of Sanger ville, 
but it is fair to presume that the same apprehensions as to the con- 
duct of the Indians prevailed liere as in Foxcroft. There fortifica- 
tions were advocated, houses were strongly barred, and some families 
abandoned their homes for safe locations. That town was on the 
great highway of the Indians from the St. Francis Tribe on the St. 
Lawrence down Moose River to Moosehead, down the Wilson to 
Sebec Lake, and so on down the Piscataquis and the Penobscot 
Rivers to the Penobscot Tribe at Old Town. > , , 

Much evidence has been found in the way of flint arrow heads 
and other stone implements around the shores of Sebec Lake, show- 
ing that it was one of their tarrying places and a favorite resort. 
And from there they made frecjuent excursions into the surround- 
ing country in quest of game and often called at the white man's 
cabin. But as the war progressed and the Indians showed no dis- 
position to be unfriendly, all fears subsided and the fortifications 
were never built. 

From your earliest settlement agriculture has been a leading 
industry and it may well be said, few towns, if any, have better 
fanns, more prosperous people or happier families than those who 
dwell upon the hillsides or in the dales of good old Sangerville. 

What more independent life can be led than is enjoyed by him 
who tickles the soil that it may laugh with a harvest; who enjoys 
the fruits of his own labor in the open, close to nature, with nature's 
God as a partner. Who sendeth the rain and the sunshine, and 
giveth the harvest. 

Sangerville is one of the leading agricultural towns of our state 
and agriculture is the principal industry of Maine and of America. 
In that fact lies the salvation of the great Republic, for the farmer 
not only feeds us all but, far removed from the corruption of con- 
gested districts, possesses a higher tone of morality and right think- 


ing and living than is usually enjoyed in our American centers of 

The cities, too, draw their life blood from the countr}' towns 
and rural population. A few years ago my attention was called to 
the fact in the Elaine Legislature that everyone of the representa- 
tives and senators from the largest city in Maine were bom in the 
country and most of them upon the farm." The farm, young man, 
is the best place in all the world to raise good citizens and the i-ural 
districts of our state are no exception to that rule. 

I am going to assert that no great city in America could long 
survive without the energy, life and brains drawn from the country, 
but ere many generations had elapsed, would either be like Sodom 
and Gomorrah, or so degenerated as to be a disgrace to civilization 
and civic righteousness become as one of the lost arts. 

Sangerville has been, also, a prominent manufacturing town, 
and from the early sawmill, grist-mill, and carding mills your 
streams long since learned to turn the wheels of a mightier industry 
and the hum of machinery in your village has long gladdened the 
hearts of your people, millions of dollars going to support your 
families and build up your town, making this prosperous community 
what it now is. 

You have been fortunate indeed in having such men as the 
Carrs and the Campbells among you, who, as your own citizens, 
have taken pride in seeing their town prosper, and who, unlike a 
foreign corporation, have at times run their mills at a loss rather 
than shut down, knowing the effect that closed doors would have 
upon their neighbors and the entire community. Surely such men 
are appreciated by you. 

The noblest work of God is man, strong, fearless, self-reliant, 
ready for the conflict, ready to engage in any contest which makes 
for the elevation and advancement of his fellowmen. And Sanger- 
ville has certainly produced men. 

One of the world's greatest men still living, a mighty genius. 
Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim, was not a product of the great metropo- 
lis, New York, or of lettered lioston, but was born, reared and edu- 
cated in the town of Sangerville, where his father was one of your 
early settlers of limited means, unable to give his boys more than 
a common school education. But Hiram Maxim, inheriting his 


father's inventive genius, coupled with practical ideas, has been one 
of the world's great benefactors in that his deadly weapons of war- 
fare have actually made for peace. 

There comes to my mind many other families who have made 
your town famous. 

The Clark brothers, noted lawyers of the Middle West and 
gallant soldiers of the Civil War, Colonel Charles A. Clark receiv- 
ing a medal from Congress for bravery and gallant services in that 
memorable struggle. 

The Carrs and Campbells, who built up your great industries 
and whose descendants are still with you. Moses Carr, who died 
but a few years ago at the advanced age of one hundred and one, 
and David R. Campbell have left monuments behind them of more 
value than bronze or marble. 

The Knowlton family at Knowlton's Mills, conspicuous among 
them, Professor W. S. Knowlton, Maine's famous school teacher and 
author and legislator as well, and we are happy to greet the old 
veteran today as poet of this occasion. 

Colonel William Oakes, as town officer and otherwise, was long 
identified with your growing community and other sections of the 
county, was president of the board of trustees of Foxcroft Acad- 
emy, held other important positions in county and state, and was a 
commanding figure in Amestown. He built the first framed house, 
which was occupied by him and later by his son, William P. Oakes, 
as a family homestead. It still stands on yonder hill just over the 
stream that turns the wheels of your industries, its timbers staunch 
and sound as in the days of yore. He was of New England stock 
and heritage, being a direct descendant of Nathaniel Oakes of 
prominence in colonial days. 

One of his sons, William P. Oakes, long chairman of town of- 
ficers of Sangerville and later occupying the same position in Fox- 
croft, when a young man, after leaving college, studied law but on 
account of ill health took up land surveying and by his great abil- 
ity and the soundest integrity became one of the greatest surveyors 
that Maine has ever known. Often appointed court surveyor, his 
judgment and skill were never questioned, and the verj^ name of 
Oakes added luster to your town. 

Honorable Stanlev Plummer of Dexter, distinguished legis- 


lator, orator and financier, is another illustrious son who first saw 
the light of day in the rugged town of Sangerville, and I have 
thought that his sterling character and powers of oratory might be 
due to the early inspirations which he gathered from the magnifi- 
cent scenery of Piscataquis and that grand uplift of mountain brow 
which reaches from ]Mt. Abraham on the west to old Katahdin, king 
of mountains, on the east. 

Honorable John Francis Sprague, your historian of today, is 
modest in the extreme, but nevertheless an able lawyer, politician, 
and author of note, prominent legislator in days gone by, versatile 
writer and now editor of '*Sprague's Journal of Maine History." 
He and I are own cousins and used to go to school together in our 
native heath over in his famous '*Cy Strong neighborhood." 

Honorable E. A. Thompson, late of Dover, noted physician, 
prominent politician of Maine, holding many important positions 
in county and state, used to take pride in the fact that Sangerville 
was the town of his birth. And sometimes, after enumerating a 
long list of your illustrious sons, would add, "and you know, Par- 
sons, you and I were born in Sangerville." 

Captain Abner T. AVade, of wide experience and knowledge, 
commanding appearance and great executive ability, was a strong 
personality of the town for many years. 

And in the early days there were Barnabus Bursley, our first 
register of probate; Daniel Dearth, father of a large family of 
boys and girls, a son. Judge Freeman D. Dearth, still practicing 
law in Dexter and postmaster of that town many years; Doctor 
Leonard Dearth, who practiced medicine in Foxcroft and later in 
Los Angeles ; another son, Charles F. Dearth, former sheriff of Pis- 
cataquis, a prosperous citizen of Foxcroft. 

The Leland family of pioneer days whose descendants, thrifty 
farmers, still till the soil on the paternal acres to the third and 
fourth generations in the fertile Leland neighborhood. 

Thomas A. Sanders, and scores of others whose descendants 
have made your town and the Piscataquis valley a desirable place in 
which to dwell, are too numerous to mention here but still revered 
by you. 

And during all this time your citizens have been interested not 
only in the progress of your own conmiunity, but in the world about 


jou, in the gigantic strides of the Republic and forward march ot 
the century. 

One hundred years ! How brief a span in the history of the 
world, in the life of nations ! And }'et during that period what 
mighty changes have been wrought upon this continent and other 
parts of the civilized world. 

Your citizens have been interested in them all. They have 
discussed them over the newspaper and periodical, and the more im- 
portant ones in groups and by the roadside. 

They have seen the slow mail, requiring weeks for transmission 
across the continent, transplanted by the telegraph and telephone. 
The old stage coach replaced by the lightning express and overland 
limited moving sixty to one hundred miles per hour. The slow sail- 
ing vessel giving way to the huge leviathans of the deep and ocean 
greyhounds crossing the Atlantic in five days or less, and all lighted 
by electricity snatched from the clouds. 

And now, located as you are in the central portion of the 
state, 3-ou are expecting soon to see the flying machines, like huge 
birds of passage, hovering over your town or alighting on some of 
your smooth fields, their occupants to revisit the scenes of child- 
hood. And your young people, instead of discussing the anti- 
quated automobile, will be talking of the fancy dips, curves and 
coasting thrills of the up to date machine. 

Great progress has been made in all the arts and sciences, and 
the town of Sangerville, like the rest of the universe, has benefited 
by it. 

The good housewife's duties have been lightened by the sewing 
machine and other inventions, while labor saving machinery upon 
the farm has exceeded the predictions of the most visionary. 

The new discoveries in science are continually startling the wise 
as well as the foolish, and through all the changes the nation has 
been growing and expanding as no other people upon earth, our 
progress being the marvel of the world. 

Mr. Parsons next referred in glowing terms to our own state, 
the grandeur of the nation, the possibilities of the future, and some 
of the grave (questions which, under ever-changing conditions, will 
have to be met. If the Republic endures, it must rest upon the 
honor and integrity of the people. Much depends upon the rural 

The son of Levi and Lydia (Ellis) Parsons was born in Sangerville, May 16, 1854, Mr. Par- 
sons read law with the late Honorable Augustus G. Lebroke and was admitted to the bar in 
1878 when he immediately formed a partnership as Lebroke & Parsons, which continued until 
his election as county attorney in 1884. He served three terms as county attorney, and was 
elected to the Maine House of Representatives in 18&5 and the Maine Senate in 1897, serving- on 
the Judiciary Committee and taking a leading part in legislation. He has been a member of 
the Republican State Committee; is one of the trustees of Foxcroft Academy; was presidental 
elector in 1^12 and is now a member of the Board of Trustees of the State Hospitals. He is 
prominent in the order of Odd Fellows, having served as grand patriarch of the Grand En- 
campment of Maine and is now grand representative to the Sovereign Grand Lodge. He is a 
member of the Society of Mayflowers and has twice served as governor of that society in this 
State. He is also a member of Mosaic Lodge, F. & A. M.,of Foxcroft, is a member of the 
Chapter of St. John's Commandery, Knights Templar, of Bangor, and anoble of Kora Temple 
of Lewiston. He has acquired fame throughout the State a.s a political orator and public speaker. 


population, upoD the great agricultural sections of the country. 
Like the rest of Maine, Sangerville is interested. "Her work 
is not finished,'* said the speaker, "but is just begun. She must 
continue to rear stalwart sons and daughters, who, as they go forth 
into the world, will be armed and equipped with right principles and 
the highest sense of justice toward all, that they may do their part 
in upholding the institutions of their fathers, and maintaining to all 
posterity the noblest nation that has ever blessed the sons of men, 
that beneath her flag, the emblem of liberty and good government,, 
there may ever dwell a free, united and happy people.'* 

Speech of Sir Hiram Maxim 

(Read by Hiram Percy Maxim) 

Ladies and Gentlemen of Dear Old Sangerville: 

No one could regret more than myself my inability to be with 
you on this occasion — the celebration of the hundredth anniversary 
of the incorporation of Sangerville. Let me tell you something 
about my early days in Sangerville. 

Shortly after my father, Isaac Maxim, married Harriet Stevens, 
they built themselves a little house not far from Brockway's Mills, 
cleared a few acres of land and built a large barn. But I was not 
born in this little house. My father and mother went to Brock- 
way's Mills and took lodfi:ings in old Estrus Nickerson's house and 
it was there that I was born on the fifth day of February, 1840. 
In the early spring, they returned to their little farm and lived 
there until I was six years of age. 

The thing that I remember the most is seeing a big bear chas- 
ing our sheep. My mother screamed and the bear stopped and 
looked at us ; my father ran for his gun but before he could get out 
the bear was in the swamp. 

From the little farm we moved to French's Mills where my 
father had two wood turnincr lathes, one of the common sort for 


turning bedstead posts, etc., and the other for turning wooden 
bowls which were much in demand at that time. 

We did not live very long at French's Mills however, but 
moved away to Milo, returning again to Sangerville village in the 
summer of 1856, where I worked for Augustus Williams making 
drag rakes and went to school in the winter following. At that 
time the village people used to assemble at Owen William's store of 
an evening. Cotton Brown's adopted son had been to Massachu- 
setts and brought back a first-class set of boxing gloves. I used to 
box with the boys of my own age but the boys of the same age as 
my brother Henry would not box with him because he was such a 
hard hitter. I remember one evening he was matched against a boy 
three years older than himself. He said it wasn't fair but Cy 
Prince was there, as large as life and twice as natural, and said, 
''That's nothing, I've often put on the gloves with old Elder Clark 
and he is more than twice as old as I am.'* Cy Prince was about 
thirty-two and Elder Clark was over eighty. By the way, Elder 
Clark was a cousin to my mother. His wife died while we were at 
Sangerville village and one day while I was walking up the main 
street I noticed approaching me what I took to be a very dapper 
young city man. He was dressed in black broadcloth with a black 
satin vest, white necktie, patent leather boots and the shiniest kind 
of a silk hat. He wore lemon colored kid gloves and carried the 
slimmest kind of a black cane with a gold head. His hair, eye- 
brows and moustaclie were jet black but his face was about the color 
of lard. It was old Elder Clark and a week later he was married 
to a maiden lady of forty. 

I regret exceedingly that I have nothing classical to write 
about Sangerville although I have a very soft spot in my heart for 
it, the land of my birth. 

Many years after I left Sangerville I revisited Maine and of 
course Sangerville. I first visited Captain Samuel Maxim, my uncle 
who lived near Brockway's Mills, and the second day I started to 
walk through the woods down to French's Mills. As I emerged 
from the woods I saw a very old man working on the land with a 
hoe. When he saw me he dropped his hoe and walked towards me, 
seized my hand and said, ''It is Hiram," then he commenced to 
laugh, he said that I was "the queerest boy that ever lived." I 


remonstrated and said that certainly I was very much like other 
boys. ''Not a bit,** said he, "I was in your father's house at one 
time and you had a big bottle fly. You were holding it by both 
wings and pulling. Of course one wing came out and then you 
said in a very thoughtful manner, 'that fly*s wings were not put in 
even ; if they had both been of the same strength they would both 
have come out at the same time. ' Then again, you were the only 
boy in the world that would cut down a big tree with a butcher's 
knife. You caught every fish in the river and left nothing for any- 
one else.'* 

Of course the people in the State of Maine are nearly all of 
pure English descent. After living many years in New York City 
and coming to London it appeared to me that nearly everybody was 
fresh out from the State of Maine, they looked and talked alike. 

I have carried many of my State of Maine habits with me 
through my life ; I have never tasted tobacco in any form ; I only 
commenced to drink wine after I was forty, but the quantity that I 
drink is not great; I am, however, very fond of my tea and it is the 
only drink that I care for. 

I wish I could weave some little romance round my sojourn in 
the town of Sangerville, but I can only think of one little episode: 
I was not very old at the time; my mother left me with old Ma'am 
Edgley for the day and it appears that I did not behave myself as 
I should. The old lady was not particularly fond of children, 
especially naughty boys of tender age, so she twigged my ear with 
her thumb and finger; her nail cut through the rim of my ear and 
made a notch that has lasted all my lifetime. When my mother 
returned home and found the blood running down my neck and my 
shirt saturated there was a lively scene which I shall never forget. 
I shall have the notch in my ear to remember Ma'am Edgley. 

Goodbye and good luck, dear old friends in Sangerville. 


Speech by Honorable Stanley Plummer 

Honorable Stanley Plummer of Dexter spoke in part as follows : 
Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen : 

I have been long out of practice in the art of public speaking 
and did not come here to make a speech, as your committee well 
knows. But I was born in this town and that is why I am here to- 
da}' for I have little respect for the man who does not love the place 
of his nativity — the old town in which, wherever else his feet may 
have strayed, wherever else his interests may have centered and his 
life focused, the first toddling step of his infancy was taken. 

Colonel Plummer then spoke for some time in a vein reminis- 
cent of the people and events of his early life, saying of his mother's 
birthplace : On the way to this celebration when we approached the 
high land at Jackson's Corner, near the spot where Uncle Sam Farn- 
ham, hale and hearty at eighty-four, was killed by lightning, with 
tender emotions I looked upon the fields on which my maternal 
grandfather toiled hard for his daily bread and very little more ; the 
very house in which my dear mother's eyes first saw the light of 
day, July 4, 182-5, the old spring, too far away to suit our modern 
ideas of convenience, from which she helped to carry water, sweeter 
than the sweet waters of Europe which fall into the Golden Horn, 
for their frugal meals, and the remnants of the beautiful grove with 
its rocks and big boulders still undisturbed, on which as a little girl 
she delighted to play and as a big girl to sit and dream and dream 
as is the wont of our New England maidens of all generations. 

After more reminiscences suggested by the road leading to the 
farm of his paternal grandfather, the big woods which have now dis- 
appeared, and the immense boulder which his Bible-reading grand- 
father told him was cleft in twain at the time of the crucifixion of 
Jesus, and the village, in his boyhood called the * 'mink-hole, " but 
now thanks to water power development, one of the neatest, thrifti- 
est and most beautiful in the state, he closed as follows : 

Now, Mr. Chairman, while I am not ready to say that Sanger- 
ville is the best town on earth, corning as I do from the town which 
touches its southern border, I unhesitatingly say, it is next to the 

One regret presses constantly on my mind and heart today and 



that is that Owen B. "Williams, William P. Oakes, Charles A. Clark, 
Doctor E. A. Thompson and the grand old centenarian, Moses Carr, 
did not live to see this anniversary today. How pleasant for us as 
well as, doubtless, for them would it be could they be here in body 
as we love to hope they may be in spirit. 

Fortunate is the town which has a citizenship so loyal and pa- 
triotic that it could not let this anniversary day pass without due 
celebration and fortunate is the town wlpch numbers among its liv- 
ing native sons such an orator as ^Villis E. Parsons, such a his- 
torian as John F. Sprague, and such a poet as William Smith 


was bom February 25, 1846, in Sangerville, Maine. When seven years of age, he removed with 
his parents to Dexter, Maine, which has since been his domicile, except when he has been 

absent in the public service. 

He was educated in the public schools, 
Foxcroft and East Corinth Academies, Bow- 
doin College, and the Albany Law School. 

At the ag-e of twenty-two, he became a 
member of the House of Representatives in 
the State Legislature from Dexter. He was 
county supervisor of public schools for Penob- 
scot County for two years; was chosen city 
solicitor of Bangor, but before entering upon 
his duties went to Washington to be chief 
clerk of the Department of the Interior. 
After two years' service in that position, he 
was made internal revenue agent, and served 
for years in all parts of the country. He was 
postmaster of the United States Senate for 
four years. In 1895 he was again a member 
of the State House of Representatives, and 
from 1899 to 1903 he was State Senator from 
the Tenth Senatorial District. In 1896 he was 
a Reed delegate to the Republican National 
Convention held at St. Loui.s, and the same 
year he presided over the Republican State 
Convention of Maine. During the four years, 
1888 to 1892, he was colonel on the staff of the 
governor of Maine. 

In 1901 he married Miss Elisabeth Bur- 
bank, born in New Hampshire but then a 
resident of Boston, and together they made a 
tour of Palestine. Egypt and Europe. In 


X^S!«»="'^ *^ " "^*VSv~. 





To whom reference is made on page 110. 

(Courtesy of Bang-or Daily News) 

Remembrance in Rhyme 

By Prof. William S. Knowlton. 

I haven't a theme. I knew 'twouldn't do, 
To politics talk with election in view. 
And yet I lament, with tearful rejrret, 
I can't say a word for the sweet suf.ragette. 
If I talk about sin. and things that are evil 
The lawyer will think I mean him, or the devil. 
If I talk about death, that monster so prim. 
The doctor will think I am squinting at him. 
But, says the croaker, "the Centennial 
Is the theme of the day for Poet and all." 
But Pegasus' flight, tho' near to the stars, 
Unshackled, free-lanced, and leaping all bars, 
Will fall to the earth in direful distress, 
In attempting to follow Bro. Parsons' address. 
And Sprague, so skilled in unticjuarian lore, 
Can produce the log-book of old Father Noah, 


Could tell if the apple that Eve did devour 

Was bitter or sweet, or pleasant, or sour. 

Fair Sangemlle, All hail! thy birth, 

Fairest land, to me, on earth. 

Each pond and river, hill and dale, 

Wood and stream and grassy vale, 

I love not less, though long away, 

The prodigal returns to-day. 

Like Manhannock's rocky shore, 

Black Stream Hly padded o'er. 

Majestic hills, whose native oak 

Still survives the axman's stroke. 

The towering church upon the hill, 

The blacksmith's shop, and Carleton's Mill, 

The fairest farms in all the State 

And orchard fields, select and great, 

These all come back to me to-day, 

A tired child, come home to play. 

And what more lovely stream than this, 

Our boundary hne, Piscataquis? 

Ah! Centre Pond, a sparkling gem, 

A diamond in a diadem, 

I sat, one day, beside that lake, 

Where every echo echoes make. 

Where water lilies fill the air. 

With perfume never known elsewhere. 

Where oft, at mom, or eve, or noon. 

Weird notes were heard, of duck or loon. 

The circling wood of spruce or pine, 

Perfumed the air Hke eglantine, 

The white birch, through the denser shade, 

Fantastic ghosts and shadows made. 

The daisied field of Spooner's land, 

Seemed a tiara's golden band. 

The fish hawk, circling rovmd for prey, 

The lambs in Flanders" fiekl at play. 

The tiny waves along the shore, 

Sang their chansons o'er and o'er. 

The fragrant fir distilled its balm. 

The pine tree sighed a holy cahn. 

In retrospection still I see 

They all come back to-day to me. 

Here Father Sawyer preache<l and prayed. 

And married many a swain and maid. 

On Muster Days — but stop, my pen — 

There wasn't prohibition then. 

My early youth I now recall, 

And memory reproduces all. 

Who don't remembor Johnny Cleaves, 

With paper cap and rolle<l up sleeves, 

With quaint conceit and ready joke? 

He always spat before he spoke. 

And Joseph Fowler, tall and slim. 

Sad of face and long of limb. 

He led the choir on .Simday, too. 

And sang as only saints can do. 

Stood first on heels and th^n on toes, 

And sang "Old Hundred" through his nose. 


And Colonel Oaks, with beaver hat, 
Gold headed cane and silk cravat, 
Was quite sublime, inspiring, grand. 
Lord of mansion, stock, and land. 

Silas Coburn's wrinkled face. 

Lapse of time will ne'er efface. 

He dyed his hair at sixty-two, 

Put on the soldier's coat of blue. 

More lasting fame he said he found. 

Than on domestic battle ground. 

Remember Aunt Lois, just under the hill. 

Her humble abode is standing there still. 

When arrayed in her best, with ncckchief of blue, 

She surpassed any fashion plate, ancient or new. 

Even the suit Queen of Sheba had on 

When she humbugged that wily old King Solomon. 

She regarded the novel as a work of the devil. 

Put poetry, too, all on the same level. 

Read Uncle Tom's Cabin, every word, through and through, 

And read it again, then read it anew. 

"Papy" Oilman, called the "Squire," 

Of politics would never tire. 

He'd talk all night and sleep all day. 

And drove an antique "one-hoss shay." 

Remember Leonard Dearth, "By Gad," 

Was the only oath he had. 

He made sweet cider, so they say, 

And mowed potato tops for hay. 

He once had been a Democrat, 

And oft among the leaders sat. 

He then became Republican, 

And read the Tribunos. every one. 

My father was an old time VVhig, 

Of the Daniel Webster Rig. 

When Daniel died, and Clay and Pratt, 

My father turnerl a Domocrat, 

So he and Dearth could ne'er agree. 

And both were stubborn as could be. 

They'd argue long with zeal and zest, ^ 

And never give the tongue a rest. 

And Heircey the Bishop, though his stature was short, 

Had a voice like Goliath of Gath. 

His whisper was mild as the dove's in its cote, 

But Niagara roared in his wrath. 

And good Deacon Drake, I romfrnber quite well. 

He told me one Sunday 1 was sliding to hell. 

I ran to the house, put up my sled, 

And spent the whole day in terror and dread. 

The Deacon came of Puritan stock. 

Was firm in his faith as Plymouth's big rock. 

He hate<l the Baptists, and put on a level 

Universalist, Methodist, Bisliop and Devil. 

And Brother Bridges, tall and straight, 

I heard him preach at eighty-eight. 

A grand old man. with classic face. 

He might have fill(Mi a broader place. 

He preached on Sunda\s, not for pay. 

And worked his farm each other day. 

And Brother Perry, staid and slow, 


With hair as white as driven snow, 

He'd preach at ten and afternoon. 

And eat his kmch in church at noon. 

In winter time, when north winds drove,. 

They'd eat their dinner round the stove. 

They then would till a long T. D., 

And smoke and talk Theology. 

At one o'clock with might ami main, 

The preacher would expound again. 

The wreaths of smoke that round his head 

A whitened halo seemed to spread, 

An incense from an urn of clay, 

That drove all bitter thoughts away. 

While listening to some rash tirade, 

When preacher seekd to just upbraid, 

I've often thought that a T. D. 

Would soften his theology. 

Their children they trained in the fear of the Lord, 

Prayed with them first, then handled the rod. 

The boys were taught to reap and mow. 

To hold the plow, and reap and sow. 

And when he drove his old "mobile," 

It was a barrow with one whe?l. 

They weren't allowed to courting run 

Till they were fully twenty-one. 

And when the climax came at last. 

To make the contract strong and fast. 

He'd to the old man straightway hie 

With sheepisli look and downcast eye, 

And ask, as though in colic pain, 

'Tlease-Sir-may-I-have Mary Jane?" 

The girls were taught to knit and sew. 

And spin the wool, and flax, and tow. 

They'd on old Dolly's bare back hop. 

Take her to mill or blacksmith shop. 

They did their hair up in a knot. 

Each satisfied with what she'd got. 

And looked as sweet in homespun tow. 

As costly silk, or calico. 

Each mother saw, when Jane was wed. 

She had a cow and feather bed. 

* * * * * ♦ ♦ ♦ 

WTien Rebel shots on .Sumpter fell 

The house of Clark, in Sangerville, 

Became a camp of warriors true, 

Each one arrayed in Northern Blue, 

Went forth the Country's life to save, 

And wrench the shackles from the slave. 

They are sleeping now. For a moment let's pause, 

And let our heart beats record our applause. 

And others there are who gavp up their all. 

And gathered at once at Abraham's call. 

And millions of men, through the length of the land, 

Honor, today, that patriot band. 

The sons of William G. Clark referred to were Whiting S., James and Frank, 
who were members of the First Maine Heavy Artillery, and Colonel Charles A. 
Clark, who was a member of the Sixth Maine Piegiment. There were three other 
sons, Cleorge, Eugene and William G. Clark. These last named wore too young 
to William G. is the oulv one now living, who is a lawyer in Cedar Kapids, 
Iowa.- EDITOR. 

f -■ 

- ', i 






Son of Colonel William and Mary (Weymouth) Oakes and a direct descendant of Nathaniel 
Oakes(Oak) who came to Massachusetts from England in 1660. He was born in Sangerville, 
March 8. 1838, and died in Foxcroft. Maine, f^ebruary 1, 1913. He was a graduate of Galby Col- 
lege. For many years he was a successful school teacher and was a member of the Piscata- 
quis Bar. He was far famed throughout Eastern Maine as a very competent civil engineer and 
land surveyor. A writer for the press at the time of his decease well said of him: "Few men 
in Piscataquis County have left a record so full of usefulness, good citizenship, fearless in- 
tegrity and sound judgment as has William Pitt Oakes." 


List of the Centennial Committees 


Alfonso F, Marsh, Chairman, Walter R. Farnham, 

Leslie M. Seabur}*, Secretary, John A. Wheeler, 

John Farr, Treasurer, Leslie O. Demeritt, 

S. Valentine Ripley, Will E. Lelancl, 

James Lj-nch, . John L. Howard. 

Elmer J. Prince, Fred S. Campbell, 

Forest L. Hutchinson, Charles H. Sawyer, 

George P. Williams. 


Mr. and Mrs. C. Winslow Thomas, 

Mr. and Mrs. Sanger A. Knowlton, _ . , 

Mr. and Mrs. Leslie O. Demeritt, 

Representing Patrons of Husbandry. 
Mr. and Mrs. Omar F. Carr, 

Representing the Masonic orders. " . 

Mr. and Mrs. Alfonso F. Marsh, 

Representing Independent Order Foresters. 
Mr. and Mrs. James Lynch. s; ■ 

Representing Knights of Pythias. 
Mr. and Mrs. Stillman Hutchins, 

Representing Ancient Order United Workmen. 
Mr. and Mrs. C. Leslie Weymouth, 

D. ofH. 

Alfonso F. Marsh, Will E. Leland, Walter R. Farnham. 

Elmer J. Prince, Alfonso F. Marsh, Leshe M. Seabury. 


John Farr, Floor Manager, 
Alfonso F. Marsh, A.-sistant Floor Manager. 

Thomas C. Parshley. Sangerville. 

Orville D. Carr, Sangerville. 

George P. Williams, Sangerville. 

Harry M. Bush, Dover. 

Frank Washburn, Guilford. 

Paul D. Sanders, Greenville. . 


Archie L. Getchell, Bar Harbor. Harry M.,' Dover. 

Hiram Percy Maxim, Hartford, Conn. 

Harold M. Carr, Forest L. Hutchinson, Arthur A. Witham. 



James Lj-nch. John L. Howard, 

S. Valentine Riplev, George P. Williams, 

Fred S. Campbell/ Will E. Leland, 

John L. Demerritt. 


Elmer J. Prince, Fred S. Campbell, Walter R. Farnham. 


AKonso F. Marsh, Harold M. Carr, 

John Farr, Will E. Leland, 

James Lynch, ' Elmer J. Prince. 


John Farr. 


Harold M. Carr, Chas. X. Stanhope, 

Chfton E. Wass, Mrs. Maud Genthner. 


D. Alden Jackson. Josiah F. Prince, 

Kendall P. Knowlton, George Pond, 

Freeland D. Thompson, Hannibal H. Campbell, 

Charles Oakes. Martin V. Smith, 

Frank B. Lewis, S. Valentine Ripley, 

Gideon Dexter, Melvin J. Jewett, 

Enoch A. Flanders, Samuel M. Gile, 

Forest L. Hutchinson, George H. Douty, 
Jedediah P. Leland. 

Captain Abner Turner Wade 

(A tribute written by his nephew, Wm. O. Ayer, Jr.) 
(Read before the Piscataquis Historical Society, January 24, 1914.) 

I have been aske<l to prepare a memorial of my loved uncle, Captain Abner 
Turner Wade, to be read before this Historical society and to be preserved in its 

This purpose to preserve the memories of noted men and women who have 
Uved and wrought faithfully, is a worthy one. 

Charles Reade says in one of his books: — "Xot a day passes over the earth 
but men and women of no ttote do great deeds, speak great words and suffer noble 

We all recognize the truth of this; but it would be well if effort were made 
more in-^istently and sy-ternatirally to do what you are doing, viz. — to see to it 
that such worthy \\v('< >haU not be'forgotten, but'thut record be made of them for 
the instruction antl encouragement of a wider circle of men and women who come 
after them. 


Noble lives have been lived in the Piscataquis valley of whom we are justly 
proud. Worthy lives are now being Hved. It is not right that such hves should 
suffer obscuration and eclipse just for the circumstance that these worthy ones are 
no longer seen on our streets, in our places of concourse and in our homes. 

We are continually blessed by their posthumous influence, good thoughts and 
good deeds after their voices are hushed in death and their bodies committed to 
the tomb. The remembrance of their names and their personal traits should be 
cherished not only by the inner circle of surviving relatives and intimate friends, 
but by the wider company who always have the welfare of the community, state 
and nation at heart. 

The prevalence of community clubs, local historical societies and Hke organi- 
zations make this possible to an extent never reahzed in the generations gone. 

You of this organization are doing a useful service for those who shall come 
after you in thus seeking to keep clearly and distinctly in memory, not only the 
forces that have made for community betterment, but the very names, biographies 
and characteristics of those in whom those forces resided. 

Though Captain \\'ade has been absent from the walks of hfe nearly two 
decades, it can hardly be said he is beginning to be forgotten. Scores of young 
people who perhaps were not old enough to know him personally, have heard so 
much about him through the conversations of their elders, that he surely may not 
be classed with Charles Reades people of "no note" in this rising generation. 

He was so reaU}' a leader or prominent figure in the social, political and re- 
Hgious life, not alone of Sangerville but of all the region round about, especially in 
Piscataquis Comity, that it seems even now that he must be active still in counsel 
and labor. 

His home hfe was such that his children and their descendants for generations 
cannot cease to be proud of their descent from him. 

He was a careful student of genealogy and his family is in possession of a 
genealogical record of great interest and painstaking accuracy, the product of his 
research and skill. 

He inspired others, at least one other, by his example, to undertake work in 
the same direction. To that one he once said, with that well remembered twinkle 
of his eye, accompanied with solemn tone that partly concealed the laugh that lay 
close behind it: — '•Better not be too inquisitive about yoiu' ancestors; you might 
run up against one that was huns.'' 

The Wade family need have no such fear in looking over the long hsts brought 
to perfection by his care and industry. 

The Wades are of English descent. Captain Wade's ancestor, Nicholas 
Wade (he used sometimes to refer to him as "the original Old Nick") .settled in 
Scituate, Massachusetts, on the "South Shore." 

There he builded him a house and built so solidly and wisely that the same 
house is in commission to this day, being occupied by one of his direct descendants 
of the eighth generation. 

Captain \\'ii<le's grandfather, also known as Captain Wade (in his case a 
military title) was of the fifth g^'iirration from Nicholas, born in 174G. He served 
in the Continental army the entire period of the war of the Revolution; that is, 
upwards of eiglit years, enjoying the confidence of General Washington and 
attaining the rank of captain.' He was a sturdy patriot, a brave soldier, gifted 
beyond many of his contemporaries in strong and heroic character. 

Our Captain \\'ade remembered his Grandsire Abner as an old man of marked 
personality, a born leader, of positive convictions and unswerving integi'ity. 
The boy Abner never tired listening to his grandsire's tales of the war and was 
doubtless deeply influenced by his lofty ideals. 

The Captain Wade of the Revolutionary war came to this State after the war, 
settling in Woolwich near the mouth of the Kennebec River. He married in 
Woolwich a bride from Kingston, Massachusetts. 

Three years later he accjuired by purchase a large tract of land, with outlying 
islands, in a beautiful and fertile part of \\'oolwich called Phipp's Neck. There 
in 1780, his son Turner was born, the father of Abner, and there also in the Wool- 
wich home was born Abner Turner, November first, 1817. 

l:l:J^!^^ (ll g^J^^- ' \:KWim^W^J^ '' >'^^^ 

■^ ■ g^ T^.y-jr -^ ^gfiy^-;? 


1 '^- -Mi) 






In the history of Mt. Kineo Lodge. F. and A. Masons. *of which Captain Wade 
was the author, he says of himself. — "I was born in the good old Puritan town of 
Woolwich, where many a better man was born before and since." That is a 
statement of characteristic modesty; but we may say that if better men have been 
born in Woolwich they have failed of recognition. For Captain Wade not only 
imbibed the manly and heroic spirit of his mihtary grandfather, but was blest ■^'ith 
a godly parentage and a faithful and wise Christian training. His father, Turner 
Wade, though he died a comparatively young man. had become a deacon in the 
Baptist chm-ch. His mother. Hannah Carleton Farnham, of Woolwich parentage, 
was a devout, exemplary Christian all her days. 

This heredity and early training had profound and permanent influence on 
the character of Abner Turner. He was ever reverent and hospitable toward 
Christian ideals. He had great respect for true Christians who showed their 
faith in their lives. He was himself a Christian believer though for some reason 
never making public and formal profession of it. But to one friend, at least, he 
confessed personal faith in the saviorhood of the Lord Christ. 

His constant support of the church where he worshipped, his svinpathetic 
reception of all ministers and unfaihng hospitahty to them, his deep and active 
interest in the Sunday sr-hool. his genuine interest in young people that they 
should walk in the ways of wisdom; such evidences he gave of the possession of 
a true Christian character. 

AU his life Captain Wade maintained a warm affection for "that good old 
Puritan town of Woolwich." and was a frequent visitor there long years after he 
had ceased to be a resident. 

His memory is cherished in many a home in the town of his birth to this day. 

His father died when Abner was but twelve years of age. His mother wa3 
left with a considerable family of young children, and he, being the eldest boy. 
was obliged to labor and bear burdens of responsibility that deprived him of the 
Bchoohng that otherwise would have been his. 

At sixteen he went to sea. a leading and attractive vocation for the hardy 
sons of Woolwich in those days of the prosperity of the American merchant 
marine. By fidelity and industry the young seaman rose from ""fore the mast" 
through all the grades to ma^ster mariner. He proved himseh' a thorough seaman 
and also developed business sagacity of no mean order. 

At the age of twenty-eight the Pattens of Bath gave him charge of a ship, in 
which position he was not only captain of the ship but business manager for the 

ThePattens were then in the cotton trade and the young captain took cargoes 
of cotton from New Orleans to Liverpool, attending to their disposal to the great 
manufacturing concerns there. These voyages and the business results were so 
successful that the Pattens retained him in their employ and gave him their un- 
limited confidence. 

On a return voyage with three hundred immigrants onboard, his noble ship 
Halcyon encountered a succession of terrific gales off the coast and became help- 
less. The captain proved fully equal to the trying ordeal. By most skillful 
seamanship he managed to keep the doomed vessel afloat until help appeared, 
other crafts answering his signals of distress. Meanwhile he kept his frightened 
passengers from panic and safely transferred everyone to the rescuing vessels 
before the Halcyon foundered. 

The loss of the ship was no fault of his seaman.ship, on the contrary he was 
praised by the owners for his skill and heroism in averting terrible loss of life. 

After fourteen years of this exacting service as master mariner, Captain 
Wade was compelled by ill health to resign and quit the sea greatly to the regret 
of the Pattens who were his staunch friends as long as he lived. 

When twenty-six years of age. ten years after he began seafaring hfe, he took 
in marriage Miss ."^arah E. Ayer of Sangerville, whose father was Dr. Moses Ayer, 
a practicing physician then resident in .Sangerville. From that time, 1843, until 
his death, 189o, .Sangerville was his home. 

* HJstorv of Mt. Kineo Lo<!ge Xo. 109, Frc^and Accepted Masons (18G1-1868) 
by Abner T. Wade (Portland, 1889). 


In his wife he had a helpmeet indeed, sweet, gentle, brave and wise in caring 
for the home while the husband and father was away on the seas. 

Seven children were born to them, four of whom have outlived both of their 

Captain Wade's mother married, after a few years of widowhood, Captain 
John Stinson of Woojwich. and continued to hve in Woolwich until his death 
which occurred in 1S<7. After that event this loyal and affectionate son took 
his mother to his own home in Sangerville. she being then greatly advanced in 
years and in feeble health. 

Mrs. Wade rejoiced in the privilege of ministering to her husband's mother. 
She lingered, greatly beloved and tenderly cared for in this haven of rest until 
her death in 1SS4. in her ninety-first year. 

Mrs. Wade outlived hor husband but a short time, and died loved and mourned 
by all who knew her March :^0. ISOO. 

Sangerville village was a very quiet hamlet when the Wades estabhshed their 
home there, and it was a quiet hamlet when Captain Wade returned permanently 
from his seafaring life. 

There were then but two streets crossing at right angles. A store or two were 
at the corners. The only meeting house was perched on the summit of the steep 
hill on the east side of the hamlet. Up that long, steep incline the church-going 
people wended their sometimes weary way to worship; none more faithfully and 
constantly than the family of Ca{)tain Wade. 

Out to the westward the road chmbed another hill and then made off over the 
hiUs toward Parkman. 

The street to Guilford on the soiuh side of the river was then imdreamed of. 
The only way thither from Sangerville was by crossing the river through the 
covered bridge and thence by the road on the north side, then un vexed by iron 
rails and steam trains. 

There was a blacksmith shop and a grist-mill just below Captain Wade's 
residence. The stream on the banks of which now stand the busy woolen mills, 
was an idle, babblinsz brook where horses were sometimes led to water, and where 
barefooted urchins waded, fishing for "chubs." 

Where now there are streets and beautiful, substantial residences, mills and 
churches, then were vacant lots, pastures, fields and woodlands. Commvmication 
with the outside world was by stage coach, and the "coaches" were 'Tnud wagons" 
in the long seasons of heavy roads. 

The arrival of the staire from Bangor was the event of the day and furnished 
about all the excitement there was. 

How much the change of those conditions to the present was due to the 
coming and rcsirlence for fifty years of this man of farsightedness and pubhc 
spirit may not easily be determinetl. Other public spirited citizens Sangerville 
had in those days, but none more so than he. 

What a change it must have been for a busy man like Captain Wade, tised to 
the great world centers of trade, to settle in such a quiet hamlet shut away from 
the world of action. But for all this, and though his health was undermined, 
he was not the man to give way to discontent or settle down to a life of inaction. 

As has been said, his school privileges were limited when he was a boy: but 
he loved knowledge, had usod his faculties when in active life, had gathered 
books, and now in the quiet of his surroundings he gave himself to profitable study. 

He loved English literature and choice fiction. He became an authority on 
matters of history, ancient and modern. He acquainted himself with law. 
Even the trained ministers, of whom he had a wide acquaintance, found in him 
one who could most intelligently argue questions of theology- and bibUcal and 
archaeological learning. 

Sunday school teachers found in him an unfailing and willing helper with 
their problems. 

Besides this, his commanding knowledge of business, his good judgment and 
his acquired knowledge of law, gave him large influence and iLsefulness with men 
in matters of estates and other lines of business. 

And at length the time came of Sangerville's connnercial awakening. Rail- 
roads came nearer. Water powers were valued and utilized. When the new 


manufactui-ing life was offered to Sangerville, Captain Wade was a helper and a 
supporter both in encouragement and by investment. 

He shared the awakened Mfe with enthusiasm. The present prosperity of 
Sangerville manufacturing interests are due not a little to his foresight, practical 
counsel and help. 

His interest and helpfulness in the religious and social life in the community, 
to which we have already alluded, have been recorded by others clearly and well. 

A writer, at the time of his decease which occurred in 1S95. when Captain 
Wade was seventy-eight years of age. says of him, — ''Always in his place at church 
and Sunday school, he was very helpful to the pastor and his associates in the 
good work by his always welcome counsel and earnest labors. He was a dear 
lover of children and the organizations made up of this class will sadly miss him. 

"The West Piscataquis Sunday School Association is largely indebted to- 
him for its existence and the prosperous condition which it has attained. He 
was always present at its sessions and his modestly offered advice was sel- 
dom rejected, and when heeded proved beneficial in the highest degree." 

He was also an ardent Mason and a strong and helpful influence in Masonic 
circles. He liked a good Mason just as he liked a consi.stent Christian, and he 
detested sham and hypocrisy in either relation. 

Politically, Captain Wade was a life long Democrat. In his earlier life he 
made many close friendships among high-minded men in the South with whom he 
came into contact in business relations, and respected their opinions even 
when differing from them. 

With his training and the personal contact he had experienced with Southern- 
ers in the period of his seafaring life, he was enabled to look on the tremendous 
problems that faced the country before theCivil War with less prejudice than the 
average Northerner, and certainly with as much intelhgence and judgment. 

But he respected pohtical opinions of such as differed from him while ready 
enough to give expression to his own convictions. 

I have a mental picture of him that illustrates how he could extract fun out 
ofpohtics. At one time liis Httle grandson was an inmate of the Wade home and 
followed his grandsire about (said grandsire being far from unwilling) much as I 
imagine Captain Abnor followins his grandsire when himself was the small boy. 

The lad had learned that his hero grandfather was a "Democrat," whatever 
that may have meant to him; hence as a matter of course "Barlie" was also a 
"Democrat." Together they start down the street to go to the post office. 

The captain meets a citizen, in this case a Republican, and they engage in a 
goodnaturecl chafhnsr over politics. Suddenly he turns to his grandson standing 
by his side with upturned face. •"Barhe," he asks, "What are you?" '"Demo- 
crat, by Georts!" is the prompt and emphatic reply. There was some suspicion 
of previous rehearsal in private; but the captain administers a feeble rebuke with 
voice quivering with laughter mingled with pride. Then he passes on with 
the lad trailing along, perhaps to meet some other RepubHcan victim and cover 
him with hke discomhture. 

The ^Titer has among his choice souvenirs two likenesses of Captain Wade. 
One, an old fashioned photograph, taken when his hair and beard were dark and 
his Idndly eye strong and piercing. 

The photograph, a vignette, is surrounded with pin pricks. How did they 
come there? Many years ago the photograph stood on the mantel in the room of 
a niece of his, a young girl, with whom the uncle had corresponded from her child- 
hood and who ardently appreciated the kindliness, sympathy, helpfulness and 
friendship of this friend of the young. She kept the picture where she could 
always see it, and usually it was garlanded with flowers held in position with pins. 
The flowers have faded. The niece passed out of this life long years before her 
loved uncle. But the photograjjh with its curious markings remains, a silent 
token of blessings given and received, the influence as lasting as eternity — who 
can doubt? 

The other picture was taken later in hfe. The hair and beard in this are 
white, but the eye is yet sparkling and keen. He is shown in his hbrary sitting chair before the fire, one leg crossed over the other, his table 
on one side, his working library" of books on the other. One often found him so 


when entering the hospitable room in response to a hearty call down the stairs, — 
"Come up to my den and we'll spin a yarn." 

Then would follow bright and interesting convei-se. witty and wise: — it 
might be theology, or it might be Bible exposition, or history, or pohtics; but it 
was sure to be worth while to the young man or the older person who shared the 

Many there are, hving today, who recall easily those pleasant chats with the 
Sage of Sangerville in the peace and quiet of that hbrary at the head of the stairs. 

He was a good ■"mixer'' with all kinds of men; no less so with young people 
and children whom he loved and sought to serve. 

His friendship with his only siu-viving brother, Deacon Eben D. Wade, was 
very strong. Deacon Wade was seven years the junior of his brother. While 
Deacon Wade hved in Dover, as he did for many years before removing to Ocean 
Park, the brothers were often together. 

But Captain Wade has passed on. Others are bearing burdens and responsi- 
bilities that once he bore right manfully. 

How many are performing life's duties more patiently and strongly because 
influenced by this good man in former years, none can tell, — but many, not of 
his own household and kin only, not of his own townsmen only. His influence, 
like that of every right intending and right doing man, is wide reaching and going 
on forever. 

I close this tribute with the words of another, \sTitten of Captain Wade at 
the time of his decease: 

"The windows of memory ^vill long be open in evidence of his high Christian 
and moral character, his kindly, genial nature, his unquestioned honor and 
integrity, and his sympathetic generosity extended so freeh' to all in affliction or 

"May we all emulate the example of this noble Ufe." 
Kenduskeag, Maine. December, 1913. 

Letter From Honorable Stanley Plummer 

Dexter, Maine, June 15, 1914. 
Dear Mr. Sprague: — 

Referring to the sketches of the Oakes family given in your address. and that 
of Brother Parsons at the Sangerville celebration, in which you both pay high 
tribute to William P. Oakes, permit me to add a few facts from memory about 
Col. William Oakes. the father of Wilham P., and younger brother of my grand- 
father, Oris Oakes, and his other sons. 

Col. WiUiam. besides being many years Colonel of a mihtia regiment, Justice 
of the Peace, Selectman, and Trustee of Foxcroft Academy, was a member of the 
State Legislature, and High Sheritf of Piscataquis County. But of greater credit 
and honor to him than any office he ever held was the fact that, hving as he did in 
a httle backwoods town with limited opportunities for money-making, he so loved 
that higher learning of which he himself often felt his own lack, with strenuous 
effort and much self sacrifice he was enabled to send four of his sons to college, 
all during the decade from ISoO to 1800, when the acquirement of a college edu- 
cation meant so much more than it docs today. 

These sons were: 

Abner, who, after graduation from Waterville, married the daughter and only 
child of Dr. Oilman Lougee Bennett of Parsonsfield, Maine, a distinguished 
physician and politician, who .served in both branches of the State Legislature 
and as Treasurer of York Coanty. Aijner settled in South Berwick, where he 
practiced law successfully, making a specialty of Probate Law. He served in the 
State Legislature, and for years was Judge of Probate for York County. I have 


been assured by a prominent State Senator from York County, his neighbor, 
that such was the confidence of the people in his honesty and integrity, as well as 
his professional capability, that he was made executor of more wills and adminis- 
trator of more estates than any other man who ever Hved in York County. 

Albion, who also graduated from Wat erville. married into the Clarke family, 
prominent in the ship-building industry' at Waldoboro, where he settled as a 
lawyer, interested himself in poHtics, and was a short time before his premature 
death when in his early thirties, defeated in a convention of his party as a candi- 
date for Representative in Congress, by only thirteen votes. 

Valentine, a handsome gallant fellow, who. just graduated from Dartmouth 
College, entered the Union Army, and was shot dead in a charge at the Battle 
of Fair Oaks in front of Richmond. 

The fourth was WiUiam P., to whom both you and Mr. Parsons have made 
appreciative reference. 

Very truly yours, 

Stanley Plummer. 

Agriculture of Sangerville 
Bv WiU E. Leland 

Sangerville stands seventh in point of population among the towns of Pis- 
cataquis county but is first in the number of cows kept and is near the front in 
general farming. The assessors' books for the current year give the number of 
live stock as follows: Horses and colts 341, neat stock 797, sheep 610, swine 135. 
The number of cows is less than last year and an examination of the records shows 
a slight decrease from year to year for several years owing to a change in the 
system of farming rather than any decline in agriculture. 

The town has but httle waste land and from an agricultural standpoint is well 
located as her products can be delivered at the great markets of New England in 
a few hours of time by way of the Maine Central and Bangor and .Vroostook Rail- 

The potato industry has become a ven,- important branch of farming and is 
receiving increased attention, resulting in the plowing and renewing of many old 
fields and larger crops of grain and hay. 

Oiu- hillsides, with their deep and fertile soil, are ideal locations for fruit 
trees and it is coming to be realized that we can grow apples of the finest quahty. 

There are approximately 17.3 farms in town. As a rule the farms are owned by 
their occupants and the farm homes are commodious and comfonable and fitted 
with modern conveniences. The farmer of today has his mail dehvered at the 
door and is in close touch with his neighbors by means of the telephone. The 
social life on the farm is another feature that is better by far than was possible in 
the early days when neighbors were more distant and means of travel not so 

There are two granges in town that have added much to the welfare of their 
members, not only socially and intellectually but financially through fire in- 
surance and co-operation in buying. 

In the days of our grandfathers each farm home was a community by itself, 
producing most of the necessities of life and its products were largely manufactured 
at home. Today the farmer is as dependent on the manufacturer for his goods 
as is the manufacturer on him for the raw Tuaterial, hence the interest of each is 
identical and all should work together in harmony to the end that the business 
of the town be developed and its growth and prosperity be assured. 

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The Woolen Industry of Sangerville 
By Honorable Angus O. Campbell 

At the close of the Civil War, some of the enterprising citizens of Sanger- 
ville, seeing that if the town was to be anything more than a cross road, with a 
blacksmith shop in the corner, formed a mutual company and built a building 
suitable for a woolen mill. Among those identifieii with this company were A. T. 
Wade, Jacob True, O. B. Williams. Moses Carr, Rob'tOrdway, Edwm Jewett, 
Stoughton Xewhall, and others which I can't now recall. This building was 
leased to D. R. Campbell and Wm. Fairgrieve, who took possession in 1SG8. 
Mr. Campbell purchased the interest of Mr. Fairgrieve in 1S74 and ran this mill 
successfully until 1SS9 when he sold to the Carr family, who do business under 
the name of Sangerville Woolen Co. The original buildings were burned flat in 
1S91, but with indomitable energy they at once built a new and much better 
plant which has run continuously with marked success. The present officers 
are Frank S. Carr, President; Fred H. Carr, Treasurer, and H. M. Carr, General 

In the year ISSl, a stock company officered by Mo.<;es Carr, President; Abner 
T. Wade, Treasurer, and O. B. Williams, Agent, built the Carleton Mills, on the 
original Carleton Mill privilege. This mill ran with variable success until 1910, 
when it was purchased by the Sangerville Woolen Co.. who have since run it as a 
part of their plant. In the year 18S.5 the citizens of the town said to D. R. 
Campbell that if he would build a modern mill on the lower privilege on Carleton 
stream, they would provide a site and build a dam. They fulfilled their contract, 
and in ISSG he erected one of the best mills in Xew England. In 1S90 he took in 
Lis sous. A. O. and D. O.. and the company was known as D. R. Campbell & Sons, 
until 19t)0 when a close corporation called the Campbell Mfg. Co. was formed, the 
officers being D. R. Campbell. President, D. O. Campbell, Treasurer, and Angus 
O. Campbell, Agent and General Manager, which continued until the death of 
D. R. Campbell in 1911. when the heirs consolidated with a mill they owned at 
Dexter and it is now known as the Dumbarton Woolen Mills, the otficers being 
Angus O. Campbell. President, and George Park, Treasurer and General Man- 

The woolen industry has been the means of changing Sangerville from a 
small rural community to a large, prosperous village, filled with neat homes 
mostly owned by their occupants. The mills employ about two hundred opera- 
tives, and there is di-^bursed each month in wages the sum of fifty-five hun- 
dred dollars. The operatives are happy and contented; there are no labor 
unions, and there has never been a labor strike. 

Documentary History of the Town of Sangerville 


To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court Assembleii 
The Petition of the undersigned. Inhabitants of Township Number four in 
the si.xth Range of Townships north of the Waldo Patent &: West of the Penob- 
scot River in the County of Hancock anrl District of Maine, Humbly shows, that 
there are about forty Familie-^ — in said Township who. in their present situation, 
labour under many Burdens and Inconveniences which they are persuaded, 
might be removed or greatly alleviated if they were in a situation to enjoy the 
Privileges of an Incorporated Town 

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They therefore respectfully request your Honorable Bodt that they may 
be Incorporated into a Town by the Name of SANGERVILLE Bounded Easterly 
by Township Number three in the sixth Range of Townships, Southerly by 
Number four in the fifth Range Westerly by Number five in the sixth Range and 
Northerly by a part of Number five ct a part of Number six in the seventh Range 
of Townships A: in Duty bound will ever pray 

1 c 
Sam'' M Clanathan 

Walter Leland 

John Carsley 

Ebenezer Carsley 

ElHs Robinson 

Ebenezer Stevens 

Nath" Stevens 

John Stevens 

Edward Magoon 

Phi. Ames 

Daniel Ames 

Nathaniel Stevens Jr. 

Samuel Ames ^ 

William Stevens " 

Thomas Riley 

Samuel Waymouth 

James ^^'aymoth 

Aaron Woodbury 


In the House of Representatives Feb 11th 1814 
Read & committed to the committee on Towns to consider & report. Sent up 
for concurrence 

Timothy Bigelow Speaker 
In Senate Feb. 15. 1814. 
Read & concurred 
John Phillips Presid 
In Senate June 3. 1814 
Read and Committed to the Ccrr.mittee on Towns Sent down for concurrence 

John Phillips Presid 

In the House of Representatives Jime 3: 1814. 
Read & Concurred 
Timothy Bigelow Speaker 


Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the year of our Lord one thousand 
eight hundred and fourteen. 

An act to establish the town of Sangerville in the County of Hancock. 

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General 
Court assembled, and hy the authority <jf the sarre: That the township numbered 
four in the sixth ranee of townships, north of the WiiMo patent, in the county of 
Hancock, as f ----- ' — -i :- -i - ^-^ n •- - i- -- u. -i u „,i,._:„ ,. u, i i v.,, 

is est 
on 1 

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oy the township numbered five in the sixth raritie of townships. And the in- 
habitants of the said town of Siingcrvillc are hen-by vested b\- all the corporate 
powers and privileges, and shall also be subject to the same duties an«l requisitions 

ir in the sixth ranee of townships, north of the Waldo patent, in the county of 
mcock. as contained within the fcllcwiiig dombed boundaries; be, and hereby 
established as a town by the name of Satipi rville, viz: north hy a line drawn 
the midfUe of the river Piscatac|uis. east hy the township nunihcred three in 
s sixth range, soiuh by the township nundx re<l four in th^ fifth rangf, an<l west 

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as other corporate to\sTis, according to the Constitution and laws of this Common- 

Sec. 2. Be it further enacted that any Justice of the Peace, for the County 
of Hancock, is hereby impowered, upon application therefore, to issue a warrant, 
directed to a freehold inhabitant of the said town of Sangerville, requiring him 
to notify and warn the inhabitants thereof, to meet at such convenient time 
and place as shall be appointed in the said warrant, for the choice of such officers 
as towns are by law required to choose and appoint at their annual to^Ti meeting. 
In the House of Representatives. June 13, 1S14, this bill, having had three 
several readings, passed to be enacted. 

In Senate, June 13, 1S14, this bill, having had two several readings, passed to 
be enacted. 

June 13, 1S14. Approved CALEB STRONXx. 

Sec. Office ) A true copy 

June 5, 1814 ( 
Attest. A true record of copv. 


March 13, 

Xames of 


March 23, 

Art. 1 
Art. 2. 


To Nathaniel Chamberlain, Esquire, one of the Justices of the 
Peace in and for the County of Hancock. 

The Subscribers free hoLlers and Inhabitants of the town of 
Sangerville named in the foregoing Incorporation bill hereby re- 
quest that you issue a warrant as the law directs for the Organiza- 
tion of said town. 

Dated at Sangerville this thirteenth day of March, A. D., 1815. 

John Carsley, Ebenezer Carsley. Ellis Robinson, Edward Magoon, 
Samuel McClanathan, Walter Leland, Phineas Ames, Samuel 
Ames, Ebenezer Stevens, William Stevens. 

Hancock ss. 

To Edward Magoon one of the free holders and Inhabitants of the 
Town of Sangerville. 

Whereas by an act of the General Court of the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts passed the thirteenth day of June, A. D. 
1814, Incorporating the town of Sangerville in the said County of 
Hancock, it is enacted that any Justice of the Peace in said County 
may upon application issue a warrant to a freehold inhabitant of 
said town requiring him to notify and warn the Inhabitants to 
meet at .some convenient time and place for the choise of such 
officers as the law directs towns to choose and appoint at their 
annual town meetings. 

And whereas John Carsley and nine others of the Inhabitants 
of the said town of Sangerville have requested me to issue a 
warrant for that purpose. 

These are therefore in the name of the commonwealth of 
Massachusetts to require you to notify and warn the freeholders 
and other Inhabitants of said town, quahfied by Law, to vote in 
town affairs, to meet at the Dwelling house of William Farnham 
in said town on thursday the twenty third day of March Inst., 
at one of the Clock in the afternoon there and then to act upon the 
following articles, viz: 

To choose a Moderator to govern said Meeting. 
To choose a Town Clerk. 


Art. 3. To choose three or more Selectmen. 

Art. 4. To choose Assessors of Taxes. 

Art. 5. To choose a Collector or Collectors. 

Art. 6. To choose one or more Constables. 

Art. 7. To choose a Treasurer. 

Art. 8. To choose all other necessary Officers. 

Art. 9. To agree where the town will hold their meeting in future. 

Art. 10. To act upon any other business that the town may think fit. 

And you are to make due return of this warrant with your 

doings thereon imto myself on or before the day and time of 

meeting as 3'ou will answer your defaults imder the pains and 

penalU' of the Law. 

Cxiven under mv hand and seal the thirteenth dav of March, 

A. D., 1815. 

Signed. Nathaniel Chamberlain, Just of Peace. 


Hancock ss. March 16, 1815. 

Pursuant to the within warrant to me directed. I have 
notified and warned the Inhabitants of the town of SangerviUe 
as the law directs to meet at the time and place and for the pur- 
poses therein expressed. 

^Signed. Edward Magoon. 
Record of proceedings at meeting. 
At a legal meeting of the Inhabitants of the town of SangerviUe 
holden at the Dwelling house of WiUiam Farnham in said town 
on thursday the twenty third day of March. Anno Domini 
1815 the following artick-s were acted upon. Viz: 
Art. 1. To choose a Moderator. Made choise of Nathaniel Chamberlain, 

Esquire to govern said meeting. 
Art. 2. To choose a Town Clerk. Made choise of Samuel McClanathan. 

Art. 3. To choose three Selectmen. Made choise of WiUiam Cleaves, 

Guy Carleton, ct Charles Morgridge. 
Art. 4. To choose Assessors. \'oted to choose three and made choise of 

WiUiam Cleaves, Guy Carleton, *k Charles Morgridge. 
Art. 5. . To choose one or more Collectors. \'oted to choose one and 
made choise of John Carsley. who procured Stevens Spooner & 
William Farnham. who acknowledged themselves his sureties 
for the faithful performance of the duties of CoUector & Con- 
Art. 6. To choose a Constable. Made choise of John Car.sley. 

Art. 7. To choose a Treasurer. Made choise of David Douty. 

The above Officers sworn into office by Nathaniel Chamber- 
lain, Esquire, Just the Peace. 
Art. 8. To choose all other nccessan*- officers. 

Made choice of John Carsley, Andrew Philbrick and William 
Hinckley to serve the town as Fish Wardens. 
Surveyors of Boards, made choise of Levi Prouty and David Douty. 
Surv^eyors of Shingles and clapboards, made choise of Ebenezer 
• Fence Viewers, made choise of Phineas Ames. Jacob Jewett and 
Andrew Philbrick. 
Hogreeves, made choice of WiUiam Hinkley, Andrew Philbrick, 
Samuel Ames, Moses RoUins, Enoch Adams-and Joseph Clough.- 
Pound keeper, made choise of WiUiam Farnham. 
Field Drivers, made choise of William Hinkley, WilUam Oakes, 

William Cleaves and Daniel Austin. 
The ah)Ove Officers were (lUuUfied or sworn into Office by Nathaniel 

Chamberlain, I^squire, Just of Peace. 
A true copy of Original Record. B. C. Goss, Attest. 

The Carr Woolen Mills, Sangerville, Maine 







I |U I fH! I f? 


«^ '^ 




April 2, 3. At a Legal meeting of the Inhabitants of the town of Sangerville 
assembled at the Dwelling house of Jesse Brockway on the first 
Monday of April, A. D. 1S15, to act on the following Articles, 
Article 1. To choose a Moderator, made choise of Stevens Spooner. 

Art. 2. To see if the town will accept of the report of the committee chosen 

to di\'ide said town into School districts. The report was ac- 
Art. 3. To choose Highway Surv^eyors, made choise of Da\'id Douty, 

James Waymouth, Samuel ]McClanathan, John Carsley, William 
Oakes & Joseph Clough. 

The above surveyors sworn by Town Clerk. 

To see how much Money the to\\'n will raise to make and repair 

town roads — Voted to raise four hundred Dollars for the above 

purpose and to allow ten cents per hour for labor on said Roads, 

and voted that the surveyors should be collectors. 

To see how much money the town will raise for the support of 

schools — Voted to raise one hundred and fifty dollars. 
To see how much money the town will raise for to defray town 

charges — Voted to raise one hundred dollars for that purpose. 
To see if the town will take grain to pay town charges. It was a 
vote — Voted to allow one dollar and thirty-four cents for wheat 
per bushel and one dollar per bushel for Rye and one dollar Do 
for Corn. 

To see if the town will allow Samuol McClanathan, John Carsley 

& Enoch Adams for their services the year 1813 — Voted to allow 

their accounts. 
To see if the town will exempt WiUiam HajTies from paying a poll 

tax — Voted that he should be exempted. 
To see if the town will accept Wilham Oakes as their Minister — 

Voted to strike out saifl Art. 
To see if the town will raise money to build a Bridge across North 

west stream near Carlcton Mills — Voted to raise thirty Dollars. 
To see if the town will allow Edward Magoon for warning the 

first Meeting — Voted to allow him one Dollar and fifty cents. 
To see if the town will allow Samuel McClanathan the Money 

which he paid for the expence of the Incorporation Bill — 

Voted to allow said account. 
To see if the town will dissolve this Meeting. It was a vote. 

A true Copy of Record, Sam'l. McClanathan. Town Clerk. 
To choose a committee to divide the town into School districts 

made choise of Samuel McClanathan, John Carsley, WiUiam 

Cleaves, Guy Carleton and Charles Morgridge. 
Art. 17. To agree where to holrl future Meetings — Voted to hold said 

Meetings at the Dwelhng house of Jesse Brockway. 









Art. 9. 
















April. To see in what way the Town Meetings shall be warned — Voted 

to warn Meetings by {)0sting warrants. 
Art. 19. To see if the town will accept of the report of their committee 

chosen to divide the Town of Sangerville into School Districts. 


Your Committee chosen to divide the Town of Sangerville into 
School districts held at the Dwelling house of Jci<,e Brockway 
on the first day of April, 1815. 


The dmsion is as follows. Viz : 
School District Number one is bounded as foUows: 

District Beginning at the North west corner of Lot No. 10 in the first range 

No. 1. of lots thence South to the South line of said Town, thence East 

to the North east corner of said Town, thence West to the first 
mentioned bounds, which is to constitute district No. one. 
District Number two is bounded as follows. Viz : 
Beginning at the North west corner of lot No. 1, in the first 
District range of lots thence West to the North west comer of said Town 

thence South to range No. -4 which shall constitute District 
No. 2. Number two. 

District Number three is bounded as follows: 

Beginning at the range line between the third and fourth ranges 

at the West hne of said Town thence South to the South west 

1815. corner of said To\\-n thence East to District No. 1 — thence west 

No. 3. to the first mentioned bounds which is to constitute District 

Number three. 
Signed. Samuel ^IcClanathan ^i 

John Carsley j 

WiUiam Cleaves (> Committee 

Guy Carleton i 

Charles Mogridge ' 

Attest. Sam'l McClanathan, Town Clerk. 
Copy of Record from original. 
B. C. Goss. 



Lt. Gov. 
Rep. Sen. 


At a Legal meeting of the Inhabitants of the town of SangerviUe 
assembled at the Dwelling house of Jesse Brockway on the first 
Monday of April, ISlo, to give in their votes for Governor, 
Lieut. Governor and Senators. 
The votes where as follows: 
For Governor 
His Honour, Samuel Dexter had twenty-one votes. 
His Excellency, Caleb Strong had nine votes, 
James Carr, Esq. had one vote. 

For Lieut. Governor. 
Honorable William Gray had twenty-one votes. 
Honorable William Phillips has eight votes. 
For Senators 
Mark L. Hill ) 

Martin Kinsley and had [■ twenty-two 

William D. "^'ilhamson, Esquires ) votes each 
Benjamin Hasey ) 

r mne votes 
1 each 


William Crosby and had 

Ebenezer Inglee, Esquires 
Attest. Samuel McClanathan, To\^ti Clerk. 
B. C. Goss. 


List of Taxpayers Assessed in the Town of S anger ville 
for the Year 1819 

Phineas Ames, 
Daniel Ames, 
Samuel Ames, 
Enoch Adams, 
Jesse Brockway, 
Abel Brockway, 
Joseph Brockway, 
William Buck, 
OHver M. Brown, 
Guy Carleton, 
Robert Carleton, 
Noah Clough, 
Joseph Clough, 
WiUiam Cleaves, 
John Carsley, 
Eben Carsley, 
Gardner L. Chandler, 
Leonard Dearth, 
Kingman Drake, 
Abijah Davis, 
Da\'id Douty, 
William Farnham, 
WiUiam Farnham, Jr., 
Benjamin C. Goss, 
Wilham Hinckley, 
Nathaniel Herrick, 
Asa Jackson, 
Otis C. Jackman, 
Jacob Jewett, 
Isaiah Knowlton, 
Isaiah Knowlton, Jr., 
Henry Leland, 
Walter Leland, 

Stephen Oakes. 

Samuel McClanathan, 
Edward Ma goon, 
Isaac Macomber, 
Aarone Morse. 
Samuel Mansfield, 
HoUis Mansfield. ' 
Charles Morgridge, 
Joseph Morgridge, 
William Oakes, 
Otis Oakes. 
WiUiam Oakes, Jr., 
Solomon Oakes. 
Abel Oakes, 
Abel Oakes. Jr.. 
Wilham Parsons, 
Apollas Pond, 
John Patten, 
EUis Robinson. 
Moses Rollins, 
Aaron RoUins, 
Calvin Sanger, 
Stevens Spooner, 
Lewis Spooner. 
Nathaniel Stevens, Jr., 
WiUiam Stevens. 
James Wa^-mouth, 
James C. Watson, 
WUham HiU, Jr., 
Thomas Prince, 
John Andrews. 
Justus Herriman, 
Archulaus Jackson, 
Charles V. Ames, 

Record of Births in Town of Sancrerville 

(Copies of the Original Town Records.) 
Children of Enoch Adams <k Eunice Adams: 

Hannah P. Adams, b. in Sangt^rville. July 0, 1SI4. 

Susannah Adams, b. in Sang^rville. June 1. ISIG. 

John Adams, b. in Sangerviiic. July 7, 1818. 

Ehzabeth Adams, b. in Sangprville. June 7, 1821. 

Juha Adams, b. in .^angers'iile. December 21, 1823. 
Children of Thomas & Frances Ann .^uriders: 

David T. Sanders, b. in Bath. July 19, 1836. 

Sarah Frances Sanders, b. in Wisca.sset, April 1.3, 1838. 

Sylvina Sanders, b. in Wiscasset, November 13, 1839. 

Alden Neal Sanders, b. in Sangerville, June 13, 1841. 

Lucy E. Sanders, b. April 19, 1844. 


Thomas Sanders, b. June 3, 1S46. 

Joshua W. Sanders, b. August 10, 1S4S. 

Mav J. Sanders, b. February S, ISol. 

Joseph W. Sanders, b. May'l4, ISoS. 
Children of .\lden X. Sanders c\: Clara B. Sanders: 

Svlvina E. Sanders, b. :March 23. 1S6S. 

Charles W. Sanders, b. July 23. 1SG9. 

Meda M. Sanders, b. July 25, ISSl. 
Children of Phineas Ames : 

Sally Ames, b. in Harmony, November IS. 1799. 

Phineas, Jr., b. in Harmony, March 6, 1S03. 

Betsy, b. in Sangerville. April 1, 1S07. 
Children of James e\: Sarah Oaks: 

Kingman Drake Oaks, b. Mav 24, 1823. 

Danville Parsons Oaks, b. November 19. 1829. 

Bethuel Howard Oaks, b. July 22, 1832. 

Orilla Finson Oaks, b. February 3, 1836. 

Hudson Saunders Oaks. b. July 16, 1838. 

Ruth Nickerson Oaks, b. September 13, 1840. . 

Children of Walter cV: Louisa Leland: . - 

Infant Daughter, b. in Sangerville, August 25, 1811. 

Sarah Phipps, b. in Sangerville. October 5, 1813. 

Walter, b. in Sangerville. November 12, 1815. 

Lydia Brown, b. in Sangerville, December 15, 1817. 

Laura Matilda Leland, b. in Sangerville, June 3, 1820. 

Chauncey Colton Leland. b. in Sangerville, January 13, 1822. 
Children of Walter & Hannah M. Leland: 

Jeddediah Phipps Leland. b. in Sangerville, August 5, 1834. 

Henry Lowell Leland, b. in Sangerville. May 14, 1836. 

Joseph Brockway Leland. b. in Sangerville, March 7, 1838. 

Adelaide Elisabeth Leland. b. in Sangerville, May 12, 1841. 

Mar\' Helen Leland, b. in Sangerville, February 12, 1845. 

Adeline Ellen Leland, b. in Sangerville, August 21, 1847. 
Children of William 6: Rachel Hinkley: 

William Hinkley, b. in Brunswick, August 1, 1782. 

Rachel his wife. b. in Arimdcll. June 12. 1787, 

Sally Wiswell Hinkley, b. in Topsham, December 26, 1809. 

John Patten Hinkley, b. in Sangerville, March 11, 1811. 

Mary Wilson Hinkley, b. in Sangerville, September 19. 1812. 

Henry William Smith Hinkley, b. in Sangerville, Aug. 30, 1814. 

Increase Sumner Hinkley, b. in Sangerville, August 19, 1816. 

Thatcher Thomas Hinkley, b. in Sangerville, August 4, 1818. 

Betsey Hinklev, b. in Sangerville, June 16, 1820. 

Roxana Hmkley. b. in Sangerville. October 22, 1822. 

Rachel Ann Hinklev, b. in Sanirerville, October 12, 1824. 
Children of William A: Louisa B. Goff: 

Leonard B. GotT, b. September 15, 1827. 

Delana L. Goff, b. Mav IS. is:30. 

Willard B. Goff, b. Julv 22. 1833. 

George W. Goff, b. October 22, 1836. 

Marv Ann B. Goff, b. Januarv 19, 1839. 

Charles L. Goff, b. January 11. 1846. 
Children of William A: Cynthia Stevens: 

William, son of William *!c Cynthia, b. in Sangerville, December 20, 1817. 
Children of Anthonv and Mercv C. Bossc: 

Viella Frances Bes^o, b.'May 16, 1849. 

Susan Viella Robinson Besse, b. July 27, 1851. 

Seth Besse, b. in Sangerville, July 16, 1857. 
Children of Joseph Morgridge (k Olive ^lorgridge: 

Otis Oakes Morgridge. b. in Sangerville, October 26, 1815. 

Flagg Morgridge, b. May 3, 1817. 
Children of James C. «k Sally Watson: 


Jane, b. in Bowdinham, Januan* 15, ISll. 

Martha, b. in Bowdinham, January 20. 1S13. 

Samuel, b. in Sangerville, October lo, 1S15. 

Betsy, b. in Sangerville, February 27, 1S17. 

Phebe, b, in Sangerville, August 4, 1S19. 
Children of Moses and Lidia Aver: 

Ellen Matilda Aver, b. in Sangerville, September 14, 1829. 
Children of Nathaniel, Jr., c^ Esther Stevens: 

Eliza, b. in Gardner, May 31, 1S07. 

Clarisa, b. in Sangerville. August 5, 1S09. 

Wilham Francis, b. in Sangcr^^lle, September 21, 1812. 

Levi Goodwin, b. in Sangerville, August 5, 1815. 

Mary Francis, b. in Sangerville, May 31, 1819. 

Daniel Stevens, b. in Sangerville, October 17, 1822. 

Esther Stevens, b. in Sangerville, August 23, 1825. 
Children of Joseph c't Martha Ann Pettengill: 

Wm. Henry Pettengill. b. in Sangerville, January 5, 1839. 

Joseph Pcttencill, b. in Sangerville, March 21, 1840. 
Children of Nathaniel Atwood: 

Loana C. Atwood, b. in Fairfield, Februarv 20, 1837. ' "^ 

Esther Ann Atwood, b. in Fairfield, March 21, 1839. 
Children of Nathaniel Atwood and Martha Atwood: ' -•' ' 

George W. Atwood, b. August 23. 1S44. 

Martha Ella Atwood, b. March 16, 1846. ■ 

Children of Abner Holt and Martha Holt: 

Mary L. Holt, b. July 17. 1856. 

Nancy C. Holt, b. April 4. 1S5.S. 

Henry L. Holt, b. March 4. 1863. 
Children of Thomas and Sarah Fuller: 

EUzabeth Ann Fuller, b. March 31, 1827. 
Children of John and Svbil Leathers: 

Joseph B., b. Jufv 6, 1835. 

Silas B., b. Januar\- 18. 1837. 

Abby H., b. April 3, 1840. 

Thos. J. — 

George W. — b. March 27, 1842. 
Children of Ebenezer Carsley: 

Miriam H. Daughter of Ebenezer Carslev, b. in Sangerville, September 1, 


Lena Carslev, b. April 8, 1819. 

Hiram, b. August 22. 1820. 
Children of Welbram and Xancv Hill: 

James W. R. Hill, b. June 5. 1820. 

George W., b. June 29, 1824. 

Besse L., b. October 12, 1829. 

Edwin P., b. September 9, 1830. ■>: 

Sarah A., b. September 7, 1836. 
Children of Edward 6: Parmela Jewett: 

Ann Maria Jewott, b. in Solon, September 12, 1834. 

Edward James Jewett, b. in Sangerville, February 11, 1838. 

David Luellen Jewett, b. in Sangerville, June 11, 1840. 

George Fargo Jewett, b. in Sangerville, June 13, 1843. 

Melville James Jewett, b. in Sangerville, Februar>' 12, 1845. 
Benjamin C. Goss, b. in Newbury Port County of Essex (jvlass), Februarv 24 

Betsy, wife of B. C. Goss, b. in Readfield, February 28, 1794. 
Their children were : 

Susan Hodge Goss, b. in Readfield, May 26, 1811. 

William, b. in New Sharon, May 30, 1815. 

Mary Ann Elizabeth, b. in New Sharon, February 5, 1817. 

Charles Stearns Goss, b. in Sanger\-iIIe, October 21, 1819. 
Children of Jeremiah S. and Kesia Thompson: 


Clinton Cushman, b. May 9, 1S35. 

Sumner Laughton, b. April 24, 1S37. 

Mary Jane, b. July 31, 1S39. 
Children of Benjamin K.\t Olive A. Pollard: 

Benjamin Allen Pollard, b. in Sangen'ille, Jmie 8, 1S37. 
Children of Samuel Roby ifc Abigail Roby: 

Lemuel Bushby Roby, b. December 5, in Sangerv'ille, 1S21. 

Cecilia Rivers Roby, b. in Sangerville. August 24, 1S23. 

Andrew Jackson Robv, b. in Sanserville. April 26, 1S2S. 

Henry H. Roby, b. in Sangerville, March 8, 1831. 

Henrv' Robv, b. in Sangerville, April 26, 1833. 
Children of William W. eV' Sarah P. :MircheU: 

Chauncey Leland Mitchell, b. in Sangerville, October 23, 1S30, 

Sarah Jane H. Mitchell, b. in Sangerville, March 26, 1833. 

Hannah Melvina S. Mitchell, b. in Sangerville, May 8, 1835. 

Mar>' Louisa B. Mitchell, b. in Sangerville, October 3, 1837. 

John Wesley Mitchell, b. in Sangerville, January 20, 1840. 

George Lewellvn P. Mitchell. 1). in Sangerville, August 7, 1842. 
I Children of James T.^ Blair ^t Marv W. Blair :^ 

Mar\-Adela Blair, b. April 21. 1S37. ' ^ 

Sarah Ann Blair, b. March 18, 1840. 
I Samuel McClanathan, b. in Rutland Count v of Worcester (Mass), October 28, 
I 1782. 

» Kerzia McClanathan, b. in Sherburn County of Middlesex (Mass), June 15, 

f Their cliildren were: 

'[ Emilv McClanathan, b. in Hubbards town County of Worcester, May 19, 

I 1807. 

I Sarah Leland, b. in Jericho County of Chittenden (Vermont), October 9^ 

I 1808. 

Roxia, b. in Sangerville. Maine, April 19, 1811. 
Samuel, b. in Sangerville, February 28, 1814. 
Anna Sanger, b. in Sangerville, October IS, 1816. 
Henrv Leland Scwall, b. in Sangerville, Mav 14, 1819. 
Children of John Pollard, b. in Hartland, August 22, 1810 and Sarah B. Pollard, 
b. in Poland, May 25, 1815: 
Kelphino Pollard / 

Kendall Pollard \ born in SmjTna, September 7, 1836, 
Corj-sand Pollard, b. in Houlton, July 29, 1838. 
Loretto Pollard, b. in Sangerville, September 26, 1840. 
Children of Edward and Jerusha Magoon: 

Louisa Stevens Magoon. b. in Lichfield (Me), November 20, 1807. 
Joseph Magoon, b. in Lichfield, January- 2, 1811. 
Marj^ Drake Magoon, b. in Sangerville, October 2, 1818. 
Children of Thomas 6c Mary Hannybea: 

Thomas Hannybea, b. January 9, 1840. 
Children of Samuel Ames: 

Phineas Ames, b. the 2d day of April, 1814. 
Hannah F. Ames, b. April 4, 1819. 
Mehitable J. Ames, 22d dav of March, 1817. 
Enoch Ames, b. March 27,1821. 
C>xus Ames, b. in Sangerville, March 12, 1823. 
Children of Jonathan &: Ascnath Roberts: 
Jane Roberts, b. August 25, 1830. 
Jonathan Roberts, b. August 11. 1831. 
George Edwin Roberts, b. October 4, 1832. 
Mary Jane Roberts, b. September 16, 1834. 
W'illard H. Roberts, b. December 2, 1838. 
James T. Roberts, b. December 2, 1839. 
James T. Roberts, b. November 1, 1840. 
Ira Cukes, b. January 16, A. D. 1820 and Mi-.rtha A. Oakes, b. January 25, A. D. 


Their children were: 

Sarah Frances Oakes, b. in Sangerville, February 11, 1845. 

Clara Ann Oakes, b. in Sangerville, April 9, 1847 

Samuel Oakes, 2d., b. in Sangerville, July 13, 1852. 
Children of Doctor Charles Stearns and Betsy Stearns: 

Elizabeth Bond Stearns, b. in Sangerville. October sixth, 1S20. 

Thankful Bart let t Stearns, b. in Sangerville, May the sixth, 1822. 
Children of Daniel Spooner: 

Mary B. Spooner, b. December 7, 1834. 

Benjamin F. Spooner, b. October 18, 1836. 

Asa Spooner Spooner, b. September 24, 1838, in Sangerville. 
Children of William Farnham and Betsey Farnham: 

Susan O. Farnham, b. in Sangerville, June 15, 1821. 

Hannah Farnham, b. in Sangerville, April 15, 1823. 
Children of Moses H. tS: Mary Ayer: 

Martha Augusta, b. August 12, 1831. 

Marj" Frances, b. January 21, 183G. 

George Gustavus, b. July 18, 1S38. 

Charles Willis, b. August 3, 1840. 

Abby Elizabeth Ayer, b. in Sangerville, October 13, 1842. 

Samuel Blake Ayer, b. in Sangerville, October 6, 1844. 

Sarah Ellen Ayer, b. in Sangerville, April 5, 1849. 

Elmira Hale Ayer, b. in Sangerville, February' 29, 1852. 
Children of Levi O. ct Abigail N. Farnham: 

Carohne R. Farnham, b. in Sangerville, October 16, 1840. 

Josephine Farnham, b. in Sangerville, December 6, 1845. 

Randall Faniham, b. in Sangerville, March 8, 1848. 
Children of Thomas & Lucy Prince: 

Lucy Howard Prince, b. in Sangerville, June 29, 1818. 

Elizabeth Farmer Prince, b. in Sangerville, March 2, 1821. 
Children o( John <k Lucia Weymouth: 

Ann Susan, b. September 22, 1840. 

Gustavus J. Waymoth, b. in Sangerville, December 13, 1842. 

Lucia Ella Wavmuth, b. in Sangerville, March 14, 1846. 

Frank Blake Weymouth, b. in Sangerville, Oct. 22, 1848. 

Lydia Blake Weyuiouth, b. in Sangerville, Aug. 31, 18.53. 

MjTon John Weymouth, b. in Sangerville, December 8, 1861. 
Children of George H. c\: OlUve M. Lewis: 

George Lewis, b. in Sangerville, June 8, 1839. 

Nancy Rollins Lewis, b. in Sangerville, July 14, 1842. 

Frank R. Lewis, b. in Sangerville, Sept. 26, 1845. 

Susan E. Lewis, b. in Sangerville, April 16, 1850. "" 

Charles T. Lewis, b. in Sangerville, April 16, 18.50. 

Willie E. Lewis, b. in Sangerville, March 8, 1856. 
Children of John S. Si Ann Masterman: 

Edward Masterman, b. in Sangerville, April 1, 1842. 
Children of Guy Carleton i: Sally Carleton: 

Sophia Carleton, h. in Readfiold, November 4, 1807. 

Joseph Carleton, b. in Rcadfield, February 27, 1810. 

Sallv Carleton, b. in Sangerville, January 12, 1819. 

Guy Carleton. Jr., b. in Sangerville, July -30, 1823. 
Children of Guv & Clarissa Carleton: 

Milton Pearcc Carlton, b. March 10, 1830. 

Cyrus Henry Carleton. b. April 2, 1832. 

Francis Barker Carlet^^n, b. in Sangerville, August 31, 1833. 
Children of Xathan and Cilinda Shed: 

EUzabeth Jane Shed, b. June 1, 1823. 

Augustus Xathan, b. July 1, 1825. 

Cyntha Watson, b. Julv 29, 1826. 

Mary Isabel, b. Sept. 20, 1S2S. 

Nathan Shed, Jr., 1). 22, 1830. 

Jotham Sexwall, b. March 29, 1833. 


Ann Maria, b. June 10. 1835. 

Susan Fisk, b. Oct. 3, 1S3S. 

Olive Prescot, b. Dec. S, 1S41. 
Children of \Yilliam and Ann Leathers: 

John Leathers, b. June 13. 1S31. 

Mahalia Ann, b. Dec. S, 1S32. 

Helen Mar. b. Jan. 20, 1S37. 

WiUiam Fairfield, b. Oct. 29, 1S3S. 
Children of Samuel & Charity Farnham: 

Albert W. Farnham, b. in Sangerville. June IS, 1832. 

Everett S. Farnham, b. in Sangerville. March 28, 1836. 

Emily Maria Farnham. b. in Sangerville, April 23. 1837. 

Luther F. Farnham, b. in Sangerville. April 17, 1842. 

H. Luciel Farnham. b. in Sangerville, Aug. 22, 184-4. 

Sam Whitney Farnham. b. in Sanger\-ille, June 2, 1851. 
Children of Alfred T. & Lydia E. Robinson: 

Erastus G. Robinson, b. in Sanger\ille, July IS, 1846. 
Children of Oliver M. Bro^vn & Mary Brown: 

Samuel Brown, b. in Sangerville. January 22. 1820. 

Maryan Brown, b. in Sangerville, February 12, 1822. 
Children of George W. and Susan Brett: 

Sarah An, b. Dec. 4, 1834. 

Alethea Robimson, b. June 29, 1836. 

Edward Kent, b. Sept. 1, 1837. 

Susan Wharff, b. March 11, 1839. 

Alice Wharff, b. Sept. 30, 1840. 

George W. Brett, b. Oct. 8, 1S43. 

Ezra C. Brett, b. Jaiu 2S, 1845. 

Louisa C. Brett, b. Nov. 22, 1846. 

Plinv F. Brett, b. April 9. 1848. 

John R. Brett, b. Nov. 26, 1849. 

Mary E. Brett, b. Dec. 16, 1851. 

Emma J. Brett, b. Aug. 1, 1854. 

Edgar Brett, b. July 16. 1850. 

Benjamin C. Brett.'b. May 10, 1858. 

Jennie M. Brett, b. May 10, 1858. 
Children of Wing Spooner and Abiah Spooner: 

Daniel Bartlett Spooner, b. in Sangerville, August 19, 1823. 
Children of Francis K. & Marv Drake: 

Vesta Annette, b. May'6, 1839. 

Francis Kingrnan, b. April 6, 1841. 

Esther Jano.'b. Feb. 21. 1843. 
Children of Alpheus & Lucy Ann Proctor: 

Louisa Tufts Proctor, b. in Bangor, August 27, 1837. 

EUa Rebecca Proctor, b. in Sangerville. August 15, 1842. 

Lucy Hudson Pr«JCtor, b. in Sangerville, December 26, 1844. 
Children of Otis C. Jackman it Harriot Jackman: 

Catharine Carter Jackman, b. in Sanger\-ille, October 15, 1823. 

Otis Montgomery Jackman, b. in Sangerville, January 29, 1826. 

Lucretia Spooner Jackman, b. in Sangerville, March 1, 1828. 
Children of William and Jennett Knowlton: 

Aaron Knowlton, b. Mav 29, 1830. 

Mary Ellis, b. Oct. 15, 1831. 

Charles Henrv. b. Nov. 15, 1833. 

Susan Thompson, b. .Julv 13. 1836. 

Emily Jennett, b. July 2"S, 1S41. 
Children of Jacob Pettengill. .Jr., A: Mary A. Pettengill: 

David Kincaid Pettengill, b. Oct.' 15. 1S37. 

John Wesley Pettengill, b. July, 1839. 

Abigail Kincaid Pettengill, b. April 16. 1841. 
Children of Otis Oaks <Jc Celia Oaks: 

Melvill Waterman Oaks, b. in Sangerville, March 10, 1824. 


Martha Miranda Oaks, b. in Sanger\'ille, July 4, 1825. 
Children of William X. and Sarah Thompson. 

Martha N. Thompson, b. Sept. 13. 1S34. 

WiUiam G. Thompson, b. Mav 22,' 1836. 
Children of Eben D. & Mary R. Wade: 

Eben Eugene Wade, b. in Sangerville, March 13, 1848. 
John Sa\syer Clitford, b. in Minot, July 4, 1781. 
Edith Clifford, b. in Xorridgewalk, September IS, 1788. 
Their children were: 

James Brace Doyle Clifford, b. in X'ewcharleston, JMarch 10, 1814. 

James Spaulding Clifford, b. in Dover. June 28, ISlo. 

Phebe Spaulding Clifford, b. in Xewcharleston, September 3, 1817. 

Mary Prince Clifford, b. in Sanger\'iUe. August 26, 1820. 

Seth Spaulding Clifford, b. in Sangerville, January 17. 1824. 
Joseph Fowler, Jr., was born Sept. 17, 1804 in Winthrop, Me. 
Rachel D. Fowler was born May 9, 1811 in Bowdoinham. 
Their children were: 

Susan Elizabeth, b. in Sangerville, May 16, 1835. 

Lucilla Rachel Fowler, b. in Sangerville. Xov. 2, 1837. 

Hannah Ellen Fowler, b. in Sangerville. May 20, 1842. 

Albert Ross Fowler, b. in Sangerville. Sept. 30, 1844. 

Joseph Calvin Fowler, b. in Sangerville. June 23, 1847. 

Alma Cahsta Fowler, b. in Sangerville, Oct. 7, 1849. 
Children of Joseph & Hannah Galusha: 

Alva Xorman Childs Gahisha, b. in Sangerville, Xov. 11, 1824. 

Florillo Galusha, b. in Sangerville. Jan. 15, 1826. 

Henry Burleigh Galujha. b. in Sangerville, Xov. 22. 1827. 

Mar>- Ann Galusha, b. in Sangerville. March 20, 1S29. 

William Jordan Galusha. b. in Sangerville, May 29, 1831. 
Children of Joseph l^ Laura Galusha. 

Corringdon Hanniford Galusha, b. in Sangerville, June 1, 1837. 

Hannah Galusha, b. in Sangciwille, Oct. 12, 1839. 

Amasa Pond Galusha, b. in Sangerville, Dec. 3, 1841. 

Rebecca Hill Galusha. b. in Sangerville, Dec. 10, 1844. 
Children of George & Sally Douty: 

Ehzabcth Macomber Doutv, b. in Sangerville, Oct. 18, 1824. 

Sally Douty, b. in Sangerville, Dec. 23, 1826. Recorded March 1, 1827, 
by Isaac ^lacomber, town clerk. 

Winburn D. Doutv, b. Sept. 11, 1828. 

Olive R. Doutv, b. Jan. 5. 1832. 

Abagail C. Douty. b. Jime 28, 1837. 

George H. Doutv, b. Aug. 17. 1840. 

Da\'id J. Douty," b. March 8. 1846. 
Children of Enos G. cC- Susan Flanders: 

Enoch Adams Flanders, b. in Sangerville, Aug. 31, 1843. 
Children of Alanson and Mar>- Roberts: 

Susanna R. Roberts, b. Sept. 3, 1837. 

Eleanor C. Roberts, b. Jan. 10, 1840. 
Children of Henry & Eunice Bullard: 

Eunice Bullard, b. in Sangerville, Jan. 22, 1824. 

Timothy Hill Bullard, b. in Sangerville, Feb. 16, 1827. 

Henry Bullard, b. in Sangerville, July 18, 1829. 

Juha Ann Bullard, b. in Sangerville, Xov. 23, 1831. 
Children of Joseph & Caroline Parsons: 

Ehza Helen, b. Jan. 3, 1837. 

Almira Parsons, b. April 10, 1839. 

Abner Knowls, b. Feb. 17, 1841. 

Mary Matilda Parsons, b. in Sangerville, Aug. 2, 1842. 

Henrietta Parsons, b. in Sangerville, April 19, 1850. 


Early Marriages in Sangerville 

(Copies of the Original Town Records) 

1815. Joseph Morgridge of Sangerville 

May 15. Olive Oakes of Sangerville, by Samuel McClanathan. 

1815. Benjamin Patten of Xo. 6 R. 7. 

Nov. 30. -Miss Dorcas Austin of Sangerville, by Samuel McClanathan. 

1816. Jonathan Oakes of Sangerville. 

April. Miss Rachel Carsley of Sangerville, by S. McClanathan 

1816. Xoah Clough of Sangerville 

Nov. 27. Miss Abigail Oakes of Sangerville, by S. McClanathan. 

1817. WiUiam Stevens, Jr., Xo. 5 R. 6. 

Feb. 4. Miss C\Tithia Oakes of San2:er\'ille, by S. McClanathan. 

1819. Lieut. Wm. Oakes. 

May 3. Miss ^Nlarv Wa\anouth, bv S. McClanathan. 

1819. William Farnham. Jr. 

Nov. 28. Miss Betsev Oakes, bv S. McClanathan. 

1819. Ensign Abel Brockway 

Dec. 28. Miss Lucy K. Lealand, by S. McClanathan. 

1820. Joseph Brockway 

Nov. 30. ^liss Mary Lealand, by S. McClanathan. 

1821. Isaiah Knowhon. Jr. 

Feb. 20. Miss Clara Spooner, by S. McClanathan. 

1821. Otic C. Jackman 

March 25. Miss Harriet Spooner, by S. ^McClanathan. 

1825. Alpheus Remmick 

April 25. Miss Mercy Miller, by S. McClanathan. 

1825. Thomas Mansfield 

Feb. 6. Miss Mercy Carsley, by S. McClanathan. 

1821. Robert Seward of Garland 

April 17. Miss Sally Sanders of Garland, by B. C. Goss. 

1821. Stephen L. Oakes of Sangerville 

May 6. Miss Sarah J. Ames of Sangerville, by Guy Carleton, J. P. 

1823. Otis Oakes of Sangerville 

May 4. Miss Ceha Morgridge of Sangerville, by Isaac Macomber, J. P. 

1823. James Oakes of Sanger\-ille 

July 10. Miss Sarah F. Parsons of Sangerville, by Isaac Macomber, J. P. 

1823. Nathaniel Harriman of Sangerville 

June 12. Miss Sarah Brown of Sebec, by Samuel C. Clark, J. P. 

1823. James Howe of Foxcroft 

Sept. 22. Miss Cynthia Jackson of Sangerville, by I. Macomber, J. P. 

1823. Solomon Oakes, Jr., of Sangerville 

Dec. 14. Miss Philena Douty of Sangerville, by I. Macomber, J. P. 

1823. George Douty of Sangerville 

Dec. 25. Miss Sally ^^acomber of Sangerville, by I. Macomber, J. P. 

1824. John Quimby of Sangerville 

April 22. Miss Louisa Stevens of Sangerville, by I. Macomber, J. P. 

1825. Alvin Haynes of Passadumkeag 

Jan. 27. Miss De Albra Record of Sangerville, by I. Macomber, J. P. 

1825. .James Lunt of Sangerville 

Feb. 8. Miss Zeruiah Porter of Sangerville, by I. Macomber, J. P. 

1825. John H. Loring of Guilford 

Sept. 15. Miss Sophia Carleton of Sancerville, by Guy Carleton, J. P. 

1824. Reuben Ordway of Sangerville 

July 5. Miss Harriet Record of Sangerville, by Rev. Daniel Bartlett. 

1824. Issacher Thissell of Sangerville 

July 18. Mi.v.s Lydia Daisy of Sangf>rville, by Rev. D. Bartlett. 

1825. .John Robbins, Jr. of Guilford 

Sept. 18. Mi.s Polly Allen of Sangerville. by I. Macomber, J. P. 

1S26. Samuel Brown, Jr. of Sangerville 

April 25. Miss Sally Proctor of Sangerville, by Rev. D. Bartlett. 

1826. Dr. Jeremiah Leach of Sangerville 

172 SPRAGCT:'S journal of MAINE HISTORY 

Nov. 12. Miss Rebecah Harville of Sangerville, by I. ?iIacomber, J. P. 

1826. Eleazer Bro^ii of .Sangerville 

Dec. 24. Miss Fanny Cakes of Sanger\'ille. by I. ^lacomber. 

1827. Philemon C. Parsons of Sangerville' 

March 28. Miss Louisa S. Magoon of Sangerville, by I. Macomber, J. P. 

1827. Jot ham Farnham of Sangerville 

Feb. 21. Miss Julia D. Pond of Sangerville,, by Rev. D. Bartlett. 

1828. Samuel Farnham of Sangerville 

April 22. Miss Charity I. Oakes of Sanger\-illc. by Edward Mitchell, J. P. 

1S2S. James Weymouth of Coriuna 

Dec. 24. Miss Betsy Pettengill of Sangerville, by E. Mitchell, J. P. 

1829. Isaac W. Colton of Monson 

June 11. Miss Abigail R. Douty of Sanger\-ille, by E. Mitchell, J. P. 

1829. John Harriman of Bucksport 

Oct. 21. Miss Polly Farnham of Sanger\'ille, by Wm. Oakes, 2d J. P. 

1829. Arthur Stevens of Guilford 

Oct. 4. Theodosia Lombard of Guih'ord. by Wm. Oakes, 2d. J. P. 

1829. Wm. Knowlton of Sangerville 

Nov. 26. Miss Jennett Waterman of Sangerville. bv Wm. Oakes, 2d J. P. 

1829. WiUiam W. Mitchell of Sangerville 

Dec. 2. Miss Sarah C. Leland of Sangerville, by Wm. Oakes, 2d. J. P. 

1829. Robert Walton of Sangerville 

Dec. 13. Miss Eliza Oakes of Sangerville, by Wm. Oakes, 2d. J. P. 

1829. Richard Gragg of Sancerville 

Nov. 26. Miss Lucy W. Bennett of Guilford, by D. R. Straw, J. P. 

1830. Joseph Carleton. of Sangerville 

Dec. 2. Miss Sarah Hilton of Sangerville. by E. Mitchell, J. P. 

1831. John S. Cleaves of Sangerville 

Jan. 1. Miss Ehza B. Parsons of Sangerville. bv E. Mitchell, J. P. 

1830. Wilham Burgess of Dover 

May 2. Miss Mary Knowlton of Sangerville, by Wm. Oakes, 2d. J. P. 

1830. James J. Wevmouth of Sangerville 

Dec. 30. Miss Lovina'Jones of Dexter, by Wm. Oakes, 2d. J. P. 

1831. Jeremiah Bean of Sangerville 

April 10. Miss Xaney Pond of Sangerville. by Wm. Oakes, 2d. J. P. 

1831. William Wa^'mouth of Sangerville 

April 28. Miss Polly Jones of Dexter, by Wm. Oakes. J. P. 

1832. Jof?eph Wormell of Sangerville 

Jan. 15. Miss Martha Douty of Sangerville, by Wm. Oakes, J. P. 

1832. Robert Anderson. 2d of Sangerville 

March 2-5. Mi.-s Harriet WalUs of Sangerville, by Guy Carleton, J. P. 

1833. Temple H. Emery of Sangerville 

Oct. 7. Sallv Wavmouth of Sangerville. bv Wm. Oakes, J. P. 

1832. John M. Hill of Exeter 

June 7. Miss Eliza Fol-om of Sangerville. bv Heircv Bishop, J. P. 

1832. Joseph F. Read of Sangerville 

Nov. 17. Miss Mary B. Srurgis of .Sangerville, by Guy Carleton, J. P. 

1833. John Douty of Sangerville 

Jan. 16. Miss Mary Ann Hilton of Sangerville. by Guy Carleton, J. P. 

1832. Daniel ."^pooner of ."Sangerville 

Dec. 6. Miss Jemima Knowlton of Sangerville, by Wm. Gould, J. P. 

1833. Ma.son S. Palmer of Corinth 

June 2. Miss Mar>' J. Coy of Sangerville, by Samuel Roby, J. P. 

1834. John Leathers of .-^angfrville 

June 5. Miss Svbell Hutchinson of Dover, bv I. Knowlton, Jr., J. P. 

1834. Seth Roberts of Sangerville 

June 5. Miss Anna Young of Sangerville, by I. Knowlton, Jr., J. P. 

1834. Charles Morgridge, Jr. of Sangerville 

June 22. Mi>s Lydia Bartlett of Sangerville, by Wm. Gould, J. P. 

183.5. Benjamin Roberts 

July 1. Miss Eliza Brown of Sangerville, by I. Knowlton, Jr., J. P. 

1835. George of Sebec 




Nov. 25. 
Dec. 27. 
April 12. 
July 24. 
Feb. 11. 
Mav 12. 
April 7. 

August 21. 
Aug. 12. 
Oct. 15. 
April 11. 
Sept. 18. 
Dec. 24. 

March 28. 
May 21. 
July 4. 
Oct. 17. 
Nov. 30. 
Jan. 5. 
1839. • 
Nov. 7. 
June 10. 

Nov. 7. 

March 19. 
Jan. 25. 
March 4. 

March 29. 
Feb. 7. 
Aug. 15. 
Dec. 25. 
Nov. 21. 
Feb. 15. 

Miss Hannah P. Roberts of Sanger%*ille, by I. Knowlton, Jr., J. P. 

Jacob Duckingdoff of Stillwater 

Miss Lucinda Hodsdon of Sangerville, by I. Knowlton, Jr. J. P. 

Alpheus Grant of Sangerville 

Miss Clarissa Cakes of Sangerville, by Wm. Cakes, Jr., J. P. 

James Tarr of Sangerville 

Miss Lovey P. W. Douty of Sangerville, by Wm. Cakes, Jr. J. P. 

Josiah S. Folsom of Sangerville 

Miss Miriam H. Carsley of Sangerville, by John Folsom, J. P. 

Seba F. Brockway of Sangerville 

Mrs. Mary Pennington of SangerviUe, by Samuel Roby, J. P. 

]Micajah Swain of Atkinson 

Miss Alice B. Roberts of Sangerville, by I. Knowlton, Jr. J. P. 

Alanson Roberts of Sangerville 

Miss Mary Burrill of Sangerville, by I. Knowlton, Jr., J. P. 

Nathan Bachclder of Exeter 

Mrs. Hannah F. Pratt of Sangerville, by I. Knowlton, Jr. J. P. 

Samuel Humphrey of Exeter 

Miss Lydia Brockway of Sangei^'iUe, by I. Knowlton, Jr. J. P. 

Henry J. Pence of Sangerville 

Miss Britania V. Gray of Sanger\'ille, by I. Knowlton, Jr., J. P. 

James Crdway of Sangerville 

Miss Mary Got! of Sangerville, by Stephen Lowell, J. P. 

Amos R. Ryerson of Sebec 

Miss Anna Roberts of Sebec, by Abel Brockway, J. P. 

Benj. K. Pollard of Sangerville 

CHve A. Pattengill of Sangerville, by B. Bursley, J. P. 

Hosea B. Buck of Monson 

Miss Louisa C. WhartT of Guilford, by Barnabas Bursley, J. P. 

Isaiah Knowlton, Jr., Esq. 

Miss Lydia Pollard, by B. Bursley, J. P. 

Richard Palmer of Corinth 

Mrs. Ceha Coy of Sangerville, by B. Bursley, J. P. 

David GiLman of Sangerville 

Mi.-s Angeline Bullard of Sangerville, by B. Bursley, J. P. 

(?) WiUiam Morgan of Exeter 

Aliss Rebecca Harlow of Sangerville, by Abel Brockway, J. P. 

Neheiniah Bartlett of Garland 

Miss Lydia Quimby of Sangerville, by Abel Brockway, J. P. 

Alanson Bennett of Guilford 

Miss Sophia Davis of Cluilford, (?) by B. Bursley, J. P. 

Joseph B. Csrner of Milo 

Susan Jane True of Sangerville, 

Albert G. Gray of Sangerville 

Miss Mary Magoon of Sangr-rvi 

John S. Alasterman 

Miss Ann GofT, by Stephen Lowell. J. P. 

Sullivan Warren of Parkman Sarah Cam[)h(ll of Santterville, by Jonathan Robens, J. P. 

Hiram Hardison of Sangerville 

Mi.<s Mary Maloy of Sangerville, by Jonathan Roberts, J. P. 

Samuel Bean of Sang(-rville 

Miss Mary Town of Sangerville, by W. G. Clark, J. P- 

John Soule of Dover 

Mrs. Lydia Huin[)hrey of Sangerville, by P. C. Parsons, J. P. 

Jo.seph Ford of Sangerville 

Mrs. Margaret Thomp-on of Sangerville, by Otis Bridges, Clergyman 

Jacob Burrill of Sangerville 

Miss Rachel P. Bennett of Sangerville, by Abel Brockway, J. P. 

Alfred Stephenson of ."^angerville 

Miss Abba E. \\'ade of Sangerville, by Rev. C. Duren. 

Benjamin Rich of Bucksport 

by B. Bursley, J. P. 
le, bv B. Burslev, J. P. 



April 6. 
April 5. 


April 14. 


Aug. 21. 


July 26. 


March 20. 


Feb. 9. 


March 12. 




Feb. 23. 


March 21. 


Sept. 16. 


Sept. 21. 


Oct. 13. 


Feb. 15. 


Oct. 15. 


Dec. 21. 


Nov. 2. 


Feb. 18. 


March 26. 


June 12. 


Nov. 30. 


June 18. 


April 12. 


Jan. 1. 


March 16. 


March 25. 


April 3. 


Oct. 20. 


Miss Sarai Da\'is of Sanger\alle, by P. C. Parsons, J. P. 

Rufus D. Atwood of Faii'tield 

Miss Loantha S. Pollard of SangerviUe, by L. P. French, Clergyman 

Nathaniel Atwood of Fairfield 

Mrs. Martha Ann Pettingall of SangerviUe, by Peter Burgess, 

Asa Macomber of Dover 

jNIiss Roniilla Campbell of SangerviUe, by Rev. J. M. Dennitt 
Dan Read of SangerviUe 

Miss Sarah RandaU of SangerviUe, by Stephen LoweU, J. P. 
Ezra Roberts of Sebec 

Miss Jane Lancaster of Charleston, by J. Roberts, J. P. 
Joseph Magoon of SangerviUe 

Miss Sarah Auspland of SangerviUe, by J. Roberts, J. P. \ 

Col. Thomas Littlefield of Auburn 

]\liss Laura Read of SangerviUe, by Wm. G. Clark, J. P. 
Charles W. Douty of SangerviUe 

Miss Mary E. Staple- of SangerviUe, by Wm. G. Clark, J. P. 
Ebenezer Damon of Oldtown 

Miss Harriet M. Mitchell of Sanfferville, by Rev. O. W. Bridges 
John B. Wing. Esq.. Letter D., Plantation Aroostook Co. 
Miss Sarah P. Clark of SangerviUe, by B. Bursley. J. P. 
William Godwin (?j Esq.. of Garland 
Mrs. Lucy Silver, by M. Gilman. J. P. 
George S. Ordway of Bangor 

Miss Caroline Richard- of Bangor, by L. P. French, Clergj-man. 
Hiram Jewett of SangerviUe 

Miss Xancy D. Daisy of SangerviUe. by L. P. French, Clergj-man 
WiUiam O. Tai)pan of Xewburyport, Ma<s. 
Miss Roxana Bennett of Guilford, by Rev. L. P. French. 
Jarius W. Hodgkins of Chesterville 

Miss Mary A. Brown of SangerviUe. by Rev. L. P. French. 
Ebenezer Cole of Expter 

Miss AUce Pollard of SangerviUe, by Wm. G. Clark, J. P. 
Alvin Herring of Guilford 

Mi.'^s Nancy S. Carr of SangerviUe, by Rev. Lebbeus Kingman 
Jonathan C. Daggett of SangerviUe 
Abigail Marsh of SangerviUe, by Hiram Stacy, 
Stephen H. Sprague of SangerviUe 
AUce Par.son.s of SangerviUe. by P. C. Parsons, 
William R. Washburn of Brewer 
Samantha B. Whitman of SangerviUe, by P. C 
Michael L. Pin^ree of Parkman 
Mrs. Susanna Clifford of SangerviUe, by O. W. 
James S. Potter of SangerviUe 
Miss Sarah C. Clough of SangerviUe, by O. W 
Charles Waterman of SangerviUe 
Caroline D. Burrill of SangerviUe, by H. Stacy, J. P. 
Elijah Xickerson . Bethania Leathers, by Rev. Hamor GatcheU. 
Horatio M. Wait of Mexico. Maine. 

Miss Elizabeth F. Prince of SangerviUe. by Rev. Atherton Clark 
Jacob Pettengill, Jr., of SangerviUe Ruanna Carle of Santcerville, by Rev. A. Clark. 
James W . Whittemore of Dover 
Palmyra Besse of SangerviUe, by H. Stacy. J. P. 
Stephen \\'entworth 

Miss E. P. Gilman of SangerviUe, by O. W. Bridges, Clergyman 
James Lougee of SangerviUe 

Miss PUiza Work of SangerviUe, by M. Gilman, J. P. 
Nelson BuUard of Sherborn, Maine 

J. P. 

J. P. / 

. Parsons, J. P. 
Bridges, Clerg>'man 
Bridges, ClergjTnan 


Dec. 5. Miss Susan M. Plumer of Sanger\ille, bj' Samuel Ambrose, Clergy- 

1844. Stephen Huston of Falmouth 

June 7. Miss EHza Jane Dunham of Sansen'ille, bv B. Bursley, J. P. 

1845. Daniel Rice of Guilford 

March 30. Miss Sarah J. Bishop of Sangerville, by Rev. Samuel Ambrose. 

1845. Abiza Warren of Foxcroft 

May 4. Miss Judith D. Spaulding of Foxcroft. by Rev. S. Ambrose. 

1845. Elbridge Ct. Harlow of Sangerville 

May 22. Miss Huldah D. Dearth of Sangerville, bv Rev. S. Ambrose. 

1845. BenjaminMillett of Maxfield 

May 26. ^Nliss Hannah Cross of Sangerville, by Rev. S. Ambrose. 

1845. Daniel Phnnmer of Sangerville 

May 19. Miss Miranda M. Oakes of Sangerville, by Rev. Otis W. Bridges. 

1845. Alfred T. Robinson of Orono 

Aug. 22. ]\Iiss Lvdia E. Gould, of Sangerville. bv Rev. O. W. Bridges. 

1845. Thomas H. Rolhns of Parkman 

Oct. 25. Miss Marv Brookins of Santicrville. bv O. W. Bridges, Clergj'man. 

1845. William P. Bray of Abbot 

July 31. Mrs. Catharine Gale of Solon, by Henry Sewall. 

1846. Osgood P. Lougee of Sangerville 

Feb. 15. Miss Abigail Ireland of Sangerville. by John FoLsom, J. P. 

1845. Merrirt Saunders of Brewer. 

Dec. 11. Miss Eliza Davis of Sangerville. by Rev. C. D. Pillsbury. 

1846. Jeremiah D. Cleaves of Sangerville 

Jan. 29. Miss Betsev Davis of Sangerville. bv Rev. C. D. Pillsbury. 

1845. David Wilkins. Jr., of Parkman 

July 13. Miss Mary A. Lane of Parkman. by Wm. G. Clark. J. P. 

1845. Loring S. Holt of Sangerville 

Nov. 30. Miss Amitv H. Grav of Sangerville. bv Wm. G. Clark, J. P. 

1846. Joseph W. "Bradford of Sebec 

June 25. Miss Alethea W. Snow of Sangerville, by Rev. C. D. Pillsburj'. 

1840. Hiram Andorson of Sangerville 

Nov. 5. Miss Martha Mitchell of Sangerville. by Rev. O. W. Bridges, Clergy- 

1847. Parley A. Bailey of Sangerville 

Jan. 21. Miss Judith Betsey Gilman of Sangerville, by Rev. O. W. Bridges. 

1847. ■ Joseph Mace of Sangerville 

Feb. 7. Miss Sophia Ann Page of Sangerville. by Rev. O. W. Bridges. 

1847. John Marsh of Sangerville 

March 28. Miss Harriet Lanpher of Sangerville, by Rev. O. W. Bridges. 

1846. John M. Lombard of Bangor 

Sept. 22. Miss Eugenia A. C. Edgerlv of Bangor, bv John Folsom, J. P. 

1847. Daniel R. Gilbert of Parkman 

Apr. 5. Miss Sarah H. Clement of Sangerville, by A. J. W. Stevens, J. P. 

1846. Joseph Littlefield of Sangorville 

Dec. 5. Lorinda Webstor of Sangerville, by Wm. G. Clark, J. P. 

1848. John C. Burrill of Sangerville 

Apr. 16. Sarah H. Beal of Sangerville. by Hiram Stacy, J. P. 

1848. Sanford J. McPheters of Hermon 

May 1. Miss Sarah Gihnan of Sangerville, by Mcses Gilman, J. P. 

1848. Charles C. Emerv of \\'aterville 

May 15. Miss Hannah G. Clark of SangerviUe, by Wm. G. Clark, J. P. 

1848. Holmes D. Coy of Sangerville 

Sept. 17. Marv Auspland of Sangerville, by Rev. O. W. Bridges. 

1848. Jacob BerVv of Alton, X. H. 

Sept. 18. Miss Laura Ann P^lgerly of Sangerville, by Rev. O. W. Bridges. 

1849. Asa H. Herring of Sanszorville 

Ff^b. 27. Miss Ellon M. Ayer of Sangorville, by Eben G. Trask. 

1849. Joseph ^L QuinUy of Sangerville 

Aug. 12. Miss Eliza A. Goodwin of Sangerville, by Rev. John A. Perry. 

1849. Robert Gray of Sangerville 


Sept. 23. Miss Eliza Ann DroT\- of Sangerv'ille, by Rev. O. W. Bridges. 

1S49. James C. Watson of Parkman 

May 6. Miss ^lary M. Quinley of Sanger\-ille, by Rev. O. W. Bridges. 

1S49. Royal Knowiton of Sargcrville 

Apr. S. Mies Mercy Ann "Whitman of Sangerville, by Moses Oilman, J.^P. 

ISoO. John F. Farrinston of Bangor 

May .5. Miss Ann S. W. Parsons of Sangerville, by P. C-. Parsons, J. P. 

1850. Henry L. Parsons of Dover 

Oct. 20. Miss Rebecca H. Dearth of Sangerville, by Rev. J. A. Perr\\ 

1850. Joseph J. Webb, Jr.. of Sangerville 

Nov. 10. Lovina B. Temple of Hallowell, bv Lucien French, J. P. 

1850. Dunham Campbell of Hallowell 

Nov. 10. Jane Webb of Sangerville, by L. French, J. P. 

Record of Deaths in Town of Sangerville 

(Copies of the Original Town Records) 

John Adams died September 28, 1821. 

Enoch Adams died August S, 18G0. 

Eunice W. Adams, diefl March 5, 18-56. 

Elizabeth Adams Springall died ."September 17, 1852. 

Julia Adams died in Sangerville, March 29, 1846. 

Thomas Sanders died August 5. 1871. 

Francis Sanders died Jime 18. 1866. 

Sylvina Sanders died September 6, 1855. 

Thomas Sanders died November 3, 18-55. 

Joshua ^^'. Sanders died August 10. 1865. 

Meda M. Sanders died July 29, 1881. 

Walter Leland died January 8, 1883. 

Infant Daughter died August 26, 1811. 

Leonard B. Goff, died October 27, 1842. 

Viella Frances Bessey died in Sangerville, October 27, 1851. 

Nathaniel Atwood died December 15, 1850. 

Abner Holt died l^'bruary 26. lsS2. 

Martha Consort of John tarslev died June 26, 1819 aged 53 years. 

Abby of Leathers died March 30, 1841. 

Lena Corslev died Mav >, 1819. 

Edward Jewett died October 20, 1883. 

Ann Maria Jewett died November 27. 1849. 

Edward James Jewett died Julv 14. 1862. 

WiUiam Go<s .'^on of B. C. dz Betsy Goss died May .30, 1815. 

Olive A. Pollard dierl in Sangerville. 

Benjamin K. Pollard died in Sangerville, January 13, 1843. 

Henr\' Roby die<l in Sangerville March 8, 1832. 

Jane Roberts died August 25, ls30. 

Jonathan Roberts died Fehruarv 1, 1832. 

George Edwin Roberts died Ma'rch 2S, 1834. 

James T. Roberts died February 28. 1840. 

B Cleaves died at .'^aniien.-ille. February, 1850. 

George H. Lewis died Scinember 16, 1872." 

George Lewis die<i November 24. 1861. 

Susan E. Lewis died September 3, 1861. 

Charle.s T. Lewis dierl F. bruarv 22, ls84. 

Sally Carleton daughter of Guy and Sally Carleton died July 24, 1822. 

Guy Carleton, Jr. dicnl October 5, 1825. 



To whom reference is mace on page 107 


Guy Carleton, Esq., died at Sanger\'ille April 12, 1S36. 

Augustus Nathan died September 2, 1S24. 

Nathan Shed Jr., died March 3. 1S32. 

Charles Rollins son of Samuel Rollins died August 12, 1S22. 

Samuel Farnham died June 2S. 1SS9. 

George Douty died September 20, 1SG3. 

George H. Douty died July 15, 1SG3. 

David J. Douty'dicd October 10. 1SG3. 

Martha Kingsbury died December 3, 1S31 aged 73 years & S months. 

Abner Ivnowles died April 2. 1S41. 

Mar\' Matilda Parsons died September 18. ISol. 

Betsy Oakes died at Sangerville April 19, ISoO. 

Eleanor Jackson died in Sangerville August 14, 1827. 

James J. Weymouth died May 

Mary' Dimon Weymouth died Februan,- 5. 1842. 

Lovina Weymouth died Februar\- 11, 1865. 

Thomas V. Wevmouth died Januarv 20, 1885. 

Betsey Bearce W. Bm-sley died July 20, 18G5. - 

Rehance ^lartha Dennett died January 18, 1823. "" 

Lelinda E. Bin.-ley died at Sangerville, September 22, 1845. 

Peter O. died at Sangerville, June 4. 1847. 

Charles Edward Proctor died in Sangerville. December 1, 1846. 

Mary S. Mitchell died at Wintlii'op. November 11. 1825. 

Mrs. Rebecca Leech, ched in Sangerville May 4, 1846. 

Jonathan Sherman Gihnan dicfl September 30, 1830. 

Josiah Keen died January 11. 1n82. 

Marger}- Keen died March 31, 1845. 

Martha Ann Keen died January 4. 1830. 

Mary Jane Keen died February 28. 1S30. 

Cotton Brown died in Sangerville, February 4, 1882. 

Betsey Brown wife of C. Brown died in Sangerville, April 16, 1877. 

Delana Lowell died in Sangerville. Autrust 2. 1845. 

William Thomas Flandei*s died September 20, 1848. 

Isaiah Knowlton, 2d died in Sangerville. November 24. A. D. 1843. 

CjTUs Knowlton died in Sangerville, September 26, 1848. 

Lydia Ann Knowlton died in Sangerville, February 17, 1850. 

George Knowlton dierl in Sangerville. (Jctober 24. 1847. 

Stevens Spooner died in Sangerville, July 17. 1827, aged 64 years. 

Lucretia Spooner died in Sangerville, December 7, 1825. 

Charles Henn- Parshlev died September 1. 1840. 

Albion Paris Grav (hed April 20, 1848. 

John Hill died April 12. l.NSO. 

Rebeckah Hill died December 21. 1864. 

Lorrain Folsom died January 0. Is62. 

Lucy Ann Folsom died April 7, 1S44. 

Sabina Carleton died April 3, 1823. 

Asa Jackson died July 6. 1.^82. 

Nancy Jackson dieii January 27, 1877. 

Alden Jackson died November 3. 1834. 

Ann Maria .Jackson died April 7. 1.S30. 

Prentiss Mellen Jackson died May 31, 1847. 

Loreen A. Jackson died Jidy 14. 1882. 

David McGregor Weymouth died May 28, 1832. 

William \\'evmouth Jr. diel Jaiuiarv 22, 1876. 

Andrew J. Graves die I in G;iilford. ^le., July 27, 1S28. 

Elvira .Jane Graves die 1 in Parkman. June O', 1838. 

Erastus I-'oote Gould die<l October 6, 1843. 

Smith Fairfield Gould died April 10, 1840. 

Adriarui Dver died Fc-bruarv 11. 1848. 

William Parsons died Nov. 6, 1844. 

Whitefield G. Thompson died in Sangerville. July 27. 1870. 

Eunice H. Thompson died iii Milwaukee, Wis., October 25, 1871. 


Whitefield X. Thompson died in Sangerville. April 4, 1S45. 

Mar\' W. Thompson died in Pointlookout, Md., March 12, ISoo. 

James Oakes died in Sangerville. February 7, ISoo. 

William Parsons died at ^augerville, March 10, 1S49. 

Sarah Emery died March 15, 1SS3. 

Albert G. Emery died January 15. 1S72. 

Zacharv- T. Emery died September 2. ISSO. 

Susan Elhs Carleton died in Sangerville, March 8, 1836. 

Heircy Bishop died November 27. 1868. 

Sarah C. Bishop died April 28. 1875. 

Ann E. Bishop died May 6. 18S3. 

Sarah J. Bishop ched November 20, 1856. 

John Bishop died Januaiy 6, 1822. 

Mar>- Ann Ford died June 27, 1S50. 

Benjamin Ford died 

Ann \y. Ford died 

IVIartha Oakes died in Sangerville. November. 1851. 

Wm. Oakes died in Sanger\'ille, January 12, 1851. 

ToAvn Officers 

(Copies of the Original Town Records) 

Samuel McClanathan, 1815-18; Benjamin C. Goss, 1819-21: Isaac Ma- 
comber, 1822-28; Edward Mitchell, 1829-31; Robert Carleton, 1S32-35: Barna- 
bas Bursley, 18:36-38, 39-40. 52: Francis R.' Drake, 1841-42; WiUiam G. Clark, 
1843-19; Closes Flanders, 1850; Hiram Anderson, 1853-55; Thomas Sanders, 
1856-57, 59-60; A. T. Wade. 1S58; E. G. Flanders, 1861-64-65: O. B. WiUiams, 
1862; S. W. Newhall, 1,^6:3-66-67-69-87: D. A. Jackson. 1S68-89-90: D. A. 
Jackson, 1888-91-96; H. C. Ford, 1SS9-90: W. B. Gray. 1897-99: W. A. Burgess, 
1900-04; A. W. Campbell, 1905-1910; John Farr, 1911; L. M. Seabury, 1912- 
1914. • 


1815, William Cleaves, Guy Carleton, Chas. Morgridge 

1816, Samuel McClanathan, Guy Carleton, David Douty 

1817, Samuel McClanathan, David Douty, WiUiam Kinkley 

1818, Samuel McClanathan, Appolas Pond, Guy Carleton 

1819, Samuel McClanathan, Guy Carleton, Benjamin Goss 

1820, Samuel McClanathan, Benjamin Goss, Guy Carleton 

1821, Samuel McClanathan, Benjamin Goss, Guy Carleton 
1822-24, Samuel McClanathan, Isaac Macomber, Guy Carleton 

1825, Judidiah P. Lelanfi, Capt. William Oakes, Oren Record 

1826, William Oakes, Oren Record, Moses Oilman 

1827, William Oakes, Moses Oilman, William Gould 

1828, Edward Mitchell, WilUam Gould, WiUiam Oakes, Jr. 

1829, WiUiam Oakes, Jr., Henry- BuUard, Isiah Knowlton 

1830, Isiah Knowlton, Jr., Edward MitcheU, Henry BuUard 

1831, Isiah Knowlton, Jr., Edward Mitchell, Stephen LoweU 

1832, Isiah Knowlton, Jr., Stephen LoweU, Asa Jackson 

1833, Robert Carleton, John Tucker, Benjamin Cunningham 

1834, Stephen LoweU, Isiah Knowlton, Jr., Henry BuUard 

1835, WiUiam Oakes, Jr., Thomas Flanders, Stephen LoweU 

1836, Stephen Lowell, Isiah Knowlton, Jr., Eleazer Brown 
1837-38, Eleazer Brown, Barnabas Bursley, Jas. Thompson 


1839, Eleazer Bro^n. Barnabas Bursley, Daniel Spooner 

1840, Stephen Lowell, Daniel :>pooner, Algernon Howard 

1841, A. S. Howard, .Samuel Bearce, William Oakes 

1842, William Oakes, Benjamin Lane. David Oilman 

1843, Eleazer Brown, Benjamin Lane, David Oilman 

1844, Eleazer Brown, Benjamin Lane. Francis Droke 

1845, F. K. Droke, Oeo. Doutv, O. H. Lewis 
1846-47, Oeo. Douty, William Cakes. Jr., P. C. Parsons 
1848-50, Stephen Lowell, Jonathan Roberts, P. C. Parsons 

1851, Stephen Lowell, P. C. Parsons, Lysander Waterman 

1852, Stephen Lowell, Cyras Brockway, Asa Jackson 

1853, P. C. Parsons, Cyrus Brockway. Oeo. H. Lewis 
1854-55, Oeo. H. Lewis, WilUam Cakes, Joseph Prowler 
1856-57, William Oakes. Joseph P^jwler, Hiram Jewett 

1858, Joseph Fowler. Cotton Brown. \\'iiliam Campbell 

1859, Cotton Brown. \\'illiam Campbell. John Ooggin 

1860, WiUiam Cami)bell. John Ooggin. Wilham Cakes 
1801, John Ooggin, William P. Oakes, Isaiah Knowlton 
1862, Joseph Fowler. Barnabas Bursley, F. D. Dearth 
1863-64, .John Oosgin, Daniel Spooner. William P. Oakes 

1865, William P. Oakes, Jas. \\'evmouth, Eben Damon 

1866, P. C. Parsons, Ira F. Hayes. D. W. Hussey, 
1867-68, William P. Oakes, Eben Damon, Enos G. Flanders 

1869, William P. Oakes. Eben Damon, William Jackson 

1870, D. W. Hussey, S. W. Xewhall. Hiram Anderson 

1871, Eben Damon, S. W. Xewhall. K. P. Knowlton 

1872, William P. Oakes, D. W. Hu.ssev, K. P. Knowlton 
1873-74, William P. Oakes, K. P. Knowlton. M. C. Bailey 

1875, WiUiam P. Oakes, K. P. Knowlton. C. A. Howard 

1876, William P. Oakes, C. A. Howard, C. A. Morgan 

1877, William P. Oakes, C. A. Morgan. H. L. Leland 

1878, D. W. Hussev, K. P. Knowlton, A. E. Hall 

1879, William P. Oakes, F. D. Thompson, A. E. Hall 

1880, William P. Oakes. F. D. Thompson. C. A. Morgan 
1881-82, William P. Oakes, F. D. Thompson. B. F. Rollins 

1883, William P. Oakes, K. P. Knowlton, B. F. Rolhns 

1884, William P. Oakes. Jacob X. Lebroke, B. F. Rolhns 

1885, William P. Oakes, J. X. Lebroke. O. E. Brett 

1886, W'iUiam P. Oakes, C. A. Morgan, L. D. Edgerly 

1887, D. W. Hussev, A. E. Hall. WiUiam Jack.son 

1888, Wilham P. Cakes, O. B. WiUiams, A. E. HaU 

1889, C. A. Morgan, L. O. Dcmeritt, F. D. Thompson 

1890, C. A. Morgan, L. O. Demerit t, M. H. Jackson 

1891, C. A. Morgan, J. X. Lebroke. Jacob Mason 

1892, C. A. Morgan, J. X. Lebroke. F. J. Carslev 
1893-95, M. J. Jewett, J. X. Lebroke, F. J. Carslev 

1896, F. J. Carslev, Oeo. L. Barrows. O. B. Williams 

1897, O. B. Williams, H. S. Stubbs. Delon Robinson 
189,8-99, M. J. Jewett, J. X. Lebroke, Delon Robinson 
19(")0-03, M. J. Jewett, J. X. L«>broke. M. H. Jackson 
1904, M. J. Jewett, J. W. Watson. F. W. Cleaves 
190.5-06, \y. A. Burgess, F. W. Cleaves, J. X. Lebroke 

1907, M. J. Jewett, F. W. Cleaves, J. X. Lebroke 

1908, M. J. .Jewett, J. X. Lebroke, Jacob Ma.-^on 

1909, ^^^ a. Burgess, F. W. Cleaves. A. O. Campbell 

1910, W. A. Burgess. W. E. Leland, John L. Howard 

1911, W. A. Burgess, John Farr, F. W. Cleaves, A. W. Campbell, F. H. 

1912, John Farr. F. W. Cleaves. W. R. Famham 

1913, John Farr. E. J. Prince. F. W. Cleaves. W. E. Leland, W. R. Famham 

1914, E. J. Prince, F. S. CampbeU, W. R. Farnham 



Da\'idDouty, 1S15-17; Samuel McClanathan, lSlS-19: Apolas Pond. 1S20- 
21; Aaron Morse. 1S22; Guv Carleton, 1S23-26-2S-29; Enoch Adams. 1S24; 

Robert Carlton, 1Jn25: Thissell. 1S30: Edward :^Iagoon. 1S31-32; Robert 

Carlton. 1S33; Stephen Lowell. lS3-l:-37-3S-39, 40; Samuel R. Bearce. lS3o: 
Joseph Magoon, 1S3G: P. C. Parsons. 1S41: William G. Clark, 1S42-49; Benjamin 

Lane, ISoO-ol: Bishop, lSo2-o4: Edward Jewett, 1S55: E. G. Flanders, 

1856-57-62-71-72-78: Hiram Anderson, lS5S-o9: Josiah Fowler, 1S60-61; David 
Carr, 1S63; J. S. FoLsora, 1SG4-67: Wilham Cakes. 1S6S-69: S. H. Morgan. 1S70- 
71; D. W.'Husspv. 1S73: Lucien French. 1S74; S. X. Gile, 1S75-76-.S2-S7: J. P. 
Leland, 1S77: O.'B. Williams. 1S79-S1; A. O. Campbell. 1SSS-S9: J. W. Bishop, 
1890-94; Geo. L. Barrows, 1S95-97; H. S. Stubbs, 1S96; W. A. Hill, 1S9S-90; 
A.O,. Carr, 1909-1914. 

County Officers From Sangerville 

In comparison with others of the larger towns in Piscataquis County, it would 
Beem that Sangerville has had rather a meagre share of the county officers. When 
the county was organized in 1S3S. Governor Kent appointed members of the 
"VMiig party to fill the various offices in the new county and Barnabas Bursley 
was thus honored with being the first Register of Probate and was elected to the 
same position in 1S41, serving one term. In ISoS Samuel Whitney, for several 
years a merchant at Sanirerviile village, was elected Register of Probate and died 
in office. Colonel William Cakes, Jr., was Sheriff 1S42-1S45 and Edward 
Jewett held the office for one term in 1862. Mr. Jewett was again elected Sheriff 
in 1863 and held the office until and including 1S72. In 1849 Jonathan Roberts 
was elected County Commissioner and Barnabas Bim?ley was elected to the 
same office in 1853 and Melvin J. Jewett in 1896. WilHam A. Burgess, then re- 

j New Mount Kiiieo House and Annex j} 

\ >IooMeheacl Lako., I^ineo, >Iaine. || 

5 In the Centre of the Great Wilderness on a Peninsula Under the Jj 

' Shadow of Mount Kineo. II 


On the E;ist side of the most beautiful lake in New Ensrland. fortv 


I miles lonfT and twenty miles wide, dotted \nth islands, and with hundreds g. 

I of smaller lakes -ind streams in easy proximity, in the midst of some of jj 

I the grandest scenery in America, is the H 


1 recently remodeled and with many improvements added; making it second to none for S! 

comfort, convenience and recreation. 11 

f It is a Palace in the Maine woods and in the heart of the great g-ame region. || 

I This region leads all o'.hers for trout and salmon, Spring and Summer fishing. S! 

J The NEW MOUNT KINEO HOUSE opens June 27th, remaining || 

j open to September 28th. New Annex opens May 16, Closes Sept. 28. ^ 

r n 


J containing full description of its attractions for health and pleasure during the Summer M 

I season. First-ciass transportation facilities offered during the seasons. || 

i Ricker Hotel Company, Kineo, Maine n 

j C. A. .ll'DKIXS, 3Ianaj««*r. |} 


siding in Sangerville, was County Attorney three years.. 1S97-10. AKonso F. 
Marsh was County Treasurer 1911-12. Honorable Angus O. Campbell was a 
member of Governor Cobb's Council 1907-OS. 

Notes About Sangerville From Old Maine Kegisters 


Postmaster Samuel McClanathan 

Quarter Master, othRegiment, Maine Militia Reuben Ordway 

Coroner William Hiiikley 


Postmaster Edward Mitchell 

Attorney at Law David R. Straw 

Coroners Samuel Roby 

William Hinkley 
Jediah Leland 

Justice of the Peace Guy Carleton 

David R. Straw 
William Oakes, Jr. 

Postmaster WiUiam O. Ayer. 

Sheriff William Oakes, Jr. 


Postmaster . Simeon Mudgett 

Blacksmiths George W. Brett 

Loren Holt 

Boot & Shoe Dealer Gilbert D. Parshley 

Cabinet maker William Sanborn 

Carriage Builder John Ordway, Jr. 

Country Stores Benjamin Lane 

Stephen Lowell 


Public House Heircy Bishop 

Booksellers Past and ^"^ ^^.^ ^V^^^"[^''^^t^'':- '^J^^' "^^^'^^ 

were friends ot the old-iashionecl prmt- 

Present. er, who was nearly always an editor 

and in manj^ cases an orator. Their 

(N. Y. \^ orld.) stores were headcjuarters for students 

A speaker at the meeting in New and thinkers. 

York of the American Booksellers' Such merchants have now disap- 

Association referred to "the blank- peared almoj^t everywhere. There are 

faced book salesman, with his stupid- big cities in the L'nited States that do 

ity, which acts as an obstacle between not have a true book store. There are 

the books and the reading: public." hundreds of important towns that have 

That there is such a person is well nothing resembling a book store, 

known. Books are sold, of course, but they 

The bookseller of other days was not may be a side line for dry goods or for 

blank-faced and he was not an ob- peanuts. The lady or the gentleman 

stacle. He was in the business, as a at the counter sells books not as our 

rule, because he love*d books. He old booksellers did but merely as one 

knew all about them, inside as well as who operates a cash-register. 

outside, and he took pleasure in their • It is pleasing to note the fact that 

company. the trade is taking this blank-faced 

Booksellers of this type used to be person into consideration. There is 

found in every town having a poj^ula- hardly any nieml)er of coininercial so- 

tion of 10,0fX) or more. They ranked ciety who stands in such need of in- 

socially vith the preacher, the lawyer struction. 





Birthplace in Dover, Maine, of ]^Irs. Lillian M. X. Stevens, who 
was a noted American woman. She was the daughter of Nathaniel 
and Nancy F. Ames, and was born in Dover, ^larch i, 1843 ^^^ 
died in Stroudwater, Maine April 6, 1914. 

She had been President of the Woman's Christian Temperance 
Union of America since 1898 and was famous as a writer and 
public speaker. \ 



The Bar;tle of Hampden iSs 

The Moose Horn Sign in Abbot, 

Maine 194 ! 

John Marsh, Jr., Owner of the 
Orono Island that Bears His 

Name 202 

General Lafayette in Maine... 23^1 

The Hamor Mt. Desert Papers. 212 


The Deserted Lumber Camp... 21 \ 

Judge George H. Smith 216 

Editorial — Gathering Material 
The Proposed Province of New 

Ireland 21Q 

for History 221 

Notes and Fragments 222 

Indians in Ancient Georgetown 213 ' Sayings of Subscribers 226 





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Scjot3j /T/^. 

Sprague's Journal of Maine History 

Vol. II OCTOBER, 1914 No. 4 

The Battle of Hampden 

By Harry J. Chapmax. 


The battle of Hampden Vvas fought Saturday, September third, 
1814. In July the British seized Eastport, spiked the guns in the old 
fort at Thoniaston, committed various depredations that greatly 
alarmed the people of Maine and fearing a general invasion, the 
militia was ordered to rendezvous at Bangor under the command of 
General Blake. 

On August twenty-sixth a strong squadron sailed from Halifax 
to attack Machias. but informed on the way by Captain Pearse of 
the presence of the U. S. covette Adams in the Penobscot, they 
resolved on her ca[)ture. 

On the morning of September first the fleet dropped anchor in 
Castine liarbor, comprising the battleships Dragon, Spenser, and 
Bulwark, sevent\-four ginis each. Burhante, and Tenedon, frigates; 
Sylph, ajid Peruvian, sloops-of-war : Pictou. armed schooner; 
tender, and ten transports, three hundred guns, having on board 
the 29", 62d. q8" regiments; First Company, Royal Artillery; two 
rifle companies of the Seventh Battalion, Sixtieth Regiment, thirtv- 
five hundred men, formerly a part of Wellington's army, which 
with sailors and marines made up a force of about six thousand. 

The expedition was commanded by Lieutenant-General Sir John 
Sherbrooke. later. Governor of Xova Scotia. Major-General 
Gerard Gosselin commanded the troops; Rear- Admiral Edward 
Griffith, the fleet. 

Lieutenant Andrew Lewis and twenty-eight men of the 40" 
U. S. Infantry garrisoned Fort Porter, mounting four twenty- four 
pounders ; Lieutenant Henry Little, of Bucksport, was quartered in 
the court-house with ninety-eight militiamen. 

Little retired. Lewis paused long enough to fire on Lieutenant 
Colonel Nichols of the Royal Engineers, reconnoitering in a small 
sloop, then spiked his guns, blew up his magazine, and escaped up 
the Bagaduce in boats taking two three pound brass field-pieces. 


He joined Little when they made their way to Bucksport. Sunday 
Sir John and Admiral Griffith at three o'clock in the morning 
marched to Bucksport with seven hundred men, and recovered 
the guns on threat to burn the town. 

Lewis managed to cross the river in the night with his m.en and 
was present at the battle. The next day when on the march to 
Bangor, Little was fired on by the pursuing ships opposite Frank- 
fort, and seeing that a detachment of Royal Riflemen were landing 
to intercept him under Major Croisdale and Lieutenant Wallace, 
he turned into the woods and never reached the battle-field. 

Sherbrooke immediately occupied Castine ; General Gosselin 
took possession of Belfast with six hundred men. The Dragon, 
Sylph, Peruvian, transport Harmony, and a prize-tender, under 
Captain Barrie of the Royal Xavy, with the flanking companies of 
the three regiments, and one rifle company of the sixtieth, five 
hundred men, and a small train of light artillery, commanded by 
Lieutenant Colonel Henry John, and Major Riddle, left the main 
sq*uadron at noon of the first, and anchored that night in ^larsh 
bay, Frankfort. 

The next day they proceeded, leaving the Dragon behind, and 
late in the afternoon anchored at Bald Hill Cove, three miles south 
of the battle-field. 

The Pickets. 

On the high north bank of the Cove, General Blake had estab- 
lished his advanced pickets under Lieutenant George W. Brown, 
supporting two four pounders, Sergeant John Williams and Michael 
Sargent, gunners. 

Captain Ward landed with a company of riflemen, when Brown 
retired, dragging away his cannon. The British went into camp 
on the shore. At five o'clock the next morning Colonel John 
advanced up the highway in the fog and rain, moving with great 
caution, as he expected to encounter the enemy at any moment, 
estimated to be fourteen hundred men. Captain Ward led with a 
strong skirmish party, supported by the flanking company of the 
sixty-second under Major Keith, the flanks guarded by eighty 
marines under Captain Carter. 

Behind came the main body, Captain Cooker with the flanking 
company of the twenty-ninth; Lieutenant Carston and a company 
of Royal Artillery with a howitzer and a six ix)under; Lieutenants 



Symonds, Motely. and Slade with marines from the Bulwark. 
Captain Barrie followed with the ships. One Oakman, a native, 
was pressed into service as guide, who was killed at the battle. 

The Adams. 

Captain Charles ^lorris of Woodstock, Conn., who afterwards 
attained high rank and became a notable figure in the American 
Navy, was placed in command of the Adams, then blockaded in the 

Potomac river, armed 
with twenty- four can- 
non, and manned by 
two hundred and fifty- 
eight men. During a 
snow storm in January 
he run the blockade, es- 
caped to sea, and cap- 
tured ten British mer- 

Cruising northward in 
search of prey, on Au- 
gust 17, he run his ves- 
sel on a rock in the fog 
near Isle au Haut, but 
succeeded in floating 
her. Fearful the British 
might learn of his mis- 
hap, he put up the 
Penobscot and beached 
her at Hampden a few 
rods below Crosby's 
wharf, ilater known as Long Wharf, at the mouth of the Souadabs- 
cook. Near him was anchored the Victory, and Decatur, just 
returned from Europe, their cargoes undischarged. 

News of the arrival of the British at Castine reached Morris at 
noon of that day, who at once called on General Blake for troops 
to defend the Adams. Blake immediately marched to Hampden 
with his mililia and many volunteers, where he prepared for battle. 

The Militia. 

The eastern militia was under the command of Brigadier-General 
John Blake of Brewer, a veteran of the Revolutionary War. of 

The Old Crosby Building in Hamdc-n, Maine 
Where the British Troops Were Quartered 


splendid record, and undoubted bravery. Various detachments 
were stationed at Eastport and other places. He had under him 
parts of two regiments. 

Staff. First Brigade, io" Division, Mass. ^Iilitia. 

John Blake, Brigadier-General Brewer 

Charles Blake, Quartermaster Brewer 

Francis Carr, Jr., Aide Bangor 

Elijah Goodridge, Aide Bangor 

Charles Ulmer, Aide Hampden 

Staff. Third Regiment. First Brigade. 

Andrew Grant, Lieutenant Colonel Hampden 

Joshua Chamberlain, Major Brewer 

Rufus Gilmore, Adjutant - Newburgh 

Enoch Mudge, Chaplain Orrington 

Edmund Abbott, Surgeon's mate Frankfort 

Andrew Tyler, Jr., Paymaster Frankfort 

Cyrus Brewer, Quartermaster Orrington 


Captain Peter Xewcomb, Hampden 8 officers 49 men 

Captain Warren Ware, Orrington 5 officers 52 men 

•Captain Semuel Butman, Dixmont 12 officers 47 men 

Captain James Patton, Hampden 7 officers 33 men 

Captain John Emery, Jr., Hampden 10 officers 2"] men 

Staff. Major Thomas George Battalion, detached from 

Lieutenant Colonel John Whiting's Fourth Regiment, 

First Brigade. 

Thomas George, ^lajor Brewer 

Thomas Carr. Jr., Adjutant Bangor 


Captain Solomon Blake, Brewer 8 officers 24 men 

Captain Lot Rider, Eddington 5 officers 14 men 

Captain Daniel Webster, Orono 8 officers 32 men 

Captain Timothy Sibley, Eddington 5 officers 35 men 


Captain Joshua Chamberlain's detached company. Third 
Regiment First Brigade. 

Captain Joshua Chamberlain 13 officers 66 men 

Captain Thomas H. George's detached company. Fourth 
Regiment First Brigade. 

Captain Thomas H. George. Brewer 13 officers 51 men 

Captain Charles Hammond. Bangor Eighth Artillery 

Major ^lark Trafton, Bangor 

Captain Charles ^lorris Crew of the Adams 

This force was about 750 men. 

The Battle-field. 

The battle-field lay between the highway and river, the Soua- 
dabscook, and Pitcher's Brook on the south, a tract about a mile 
long, and half a mile wide. 

With men and oxen, Captain Morris dragged his heavy cannon 
to the high hill a hundred feet above the river, opposite the helpn 
less Adams, and established a powerful battery of nine guns; 
thirteen guns were stationed on Long wharf; one commanded the 
gap between the two batteries. This was a strong position and 
completely commanded the river, and he was confident the British 
fleet could not win by. 

General Blake took up a strong position, the crest of a high ridge 
just south of the academy, a wood structure erected in 1807, burnt 
February 24", 1842, and rebuilt that year of . brick. His right 
•rested on the first church, erected in 1794 on the site of the present 
town hall, and extended to the river just south of th hill battery. 
His line of battle overlooked the present burying ground, then a 
pasture, across which the enemy must advance. 

In the highway in front of the church, he stationed an eighteen 
pounder taken from the Adams. The two brass fieldpieces of the 
Bangor Light Artillery, Captain Charles Hammond, were placed 
west of the road and commanded the brirlge across the brook. 
These guns were under Captain Lewis, and served by his men, who 
had escaped from Castine. 

Colonel Grant commanded the right of the line; Major Chamber- 
lain, the left. The women and children were sent to the house of 
Joshua Lane, a mile out on the Colebrook road. 


Lieutenants Wadsworth and ^^ladison commanded the hill battery/ 
Lieutenants Parker and Beatty the one on the wharf. They were 
served by the crew of the Adams. 

The Council of War. 

On the evening before the battle, General Blake called a council 
in the Academy, attended by his officers, the Selectmen, Simeon 
Stetson, Jona Knowles, James Patten, and others. 

Morris and Blake advised throwing up entrenchments along the 
ridge, which would have made Blake's position impregnable, had 
his men stood their ground. The matter was debated with much 
heat, and they finally broke up in confusion, with nothing done. 
Morris told them if they would prevent the enemy outflanking him, 
he would prevent them ascending the river. But they were alarmed, 
and it seemed hopeless to resist. 

As many of the Americans were without arms, he supplied them 
from the Adams. They lay that night in line of battle, drenched 
in the rain, the field hidden in fog. hourly expecting attack. 

The Battle. 

The next morning, the British were heard marching up the road, 
but owing to the fog could not be seen. Glimpses of them were 
caught as they crossed the Pitcher brook bridge, and Lewis opened 
with his guns, killed Oakman, and a British captain who had 
been in forty pitched-battles. But this did not check the enemy, 
they crossed and deployed in line of battle toward the river, and 
immediately advanced up the hill in face of Lewis' fire. 

The militia were ordered to hold their fire until the enemy were 
near. The Tiritish fired as they alvanced, and then charged. Owing 
to the fog, and the smoke that blew in their faces, the militia did 
not see them until they were swarming up the ridge with gleaming 
bayonets when, almost without firing a shot, the centre gave way, 
and in a moment the whole line of battle broke and the men rushed 
in panic from the field, making for the bridge across the Souadebs- 
cook, where Chamberlain and George tried in vain to rally them 
and make a stand. Lewis and his men surrounded and left without 
without support were forced to abandon their gims. Sergeant 
Bent remained, fired the eighteen pounder for the last time, spiked 
it, and fled with the rest. 

Meanwhile Captain Morris had gone down to the wharf battery. 
and saw the British ships and a numl)er of barges crowded with 



men through the fog, and opened with his guns sweeping the river 
with grape, but the range was far. Learning that Blake was 
attacked, and fearful of the result, he sent Lieutenant Watson and 
twenty marines to watch the enemy south of the hill batter>^^ and 
assist in covering it. if attacked in flank. 

He soon sent back word that the militia were in flight. Certain 
to be captured, W'adsworth spiked his gims and fled with his men 
to the bridge, pursued by the exulting British, ^lorris fired the 
buildings on and about the wharf, spiked his own cannon, fired the 
Adams and was the last to turn away just as the British appeared 
on the hill above. He could not gain the bridge so he and his men 
plunged into the stream, swam across, made their way to Bangor^ 
thence to the Kennebec and Portland, escaping capture. 

Captain Hammond and his men dragged away their two brass 
cannon and hid them in the woods under the care of Zodoc Davis, 

tanner, pound-keeper, 
who lived on Joppa 
street, what is now prob- 
ably Railroad street. 

Such was the inglori- 
ous ending of the battle 
that was over almost 
before it begim. The 
militia could not resist 
the charge of the British 
regulars and they fled in 




The Long Wharf, Hamden, Maine n i- i.- ^ xi 

^ ' ' all directions to the 

woods, their distant homes, concealing their arms, and removing 

from their persons all evidences of their military employment. 


Blake had one man killed, eleven wounded. The British lost one 
captain and one marine. Captain Cell of the twenty-ninth and one 
private wounded. A Mr. Reed standing in front of the Loud house 
in Orrington had his shoulder carried away by a cannon ball, and 

The two Englishmen were buried near the old brick store, but 
were afterwards interred in the graveyard in the rear of the town 
hall, where their graves may be seen to this day. 

Eighty prisoners were taken and confirmed on the Decatur, but 
were released the next day on parole. 



Thk Occupation. 

Leaving a guard of two hundred men who took possession of 
the battle-field and village, the British crossed the bridge, the offi- 
cers' mounted on horseback, and pursued the flying militia. The 
road to Bangor led through dense woods the greater part of the 
way. The ships were the first to arrive, greeted by a lowered flag 
on Barker's store at the corner of Exchange and Washington 
streets, then open to the water. The sailors landed and at once 
plundered six stores of their goods, valued at six thousand dollars. 

The British arrived about noon, met by the Selectmen, Moses 
Patten and Thomas Bradbury, with a flag of truce, who surrendered 
the village to Colonel John. The soldiers quartered in the court- 
house, later the old city hall, and in the school-houses ; the officers 
occupied private dwellings and the famous Hatch tavern, ^lain 
street, built in 1801. 

The terrified inhabitants furnished eatables in abundance, and in 
the afternoon, all liquors were ordered destroyed, to prevent the 
British soldiers becoming intoxicated, a condition that happened, 
and was one reason why the town was so speedily evacuated. 

All the male inhabitants to the number of one hundred and ninety 
one were placed under parole not to bear arms against Great Britain 
until exchanged. All arms and powder were surrounded at the toll- 
house, Kenduskeag bridge, and here Zadoc Davis was forced to 
deliver up the two brass cannon, on threats to burn the town. 

They burnt the vessels. Caravan, Neptune, Thinks-I-To-Myself, 
Emma and Polly, Gladiator, Three Brothers, Ranger and others, 
fourteen in all, and carried away the Bangor Packet, Oliver Speary, 
Hancock, Lucy, Polly. Cato, and started to burn the unlaunched 
vessels, but as the flames threatened to destroy the village, the 
selectmen gave the nmy a bond in th sum of S30.000 conditiond to 
deliver the unlaunched vessels at Castine, November first, following. 

Sunday afternoon, the British marched back to Ham.pden with 
twenty horses, cattle, and other plunder, and camped near Morris' 
hill battery, now the site of the Condeskeag Canoe and Country 
Club. The cannon were thrown down the bank into the river. 
The guard left behind were quartered in the old brick store, one of 
the landmarks of the village, erected by General John Crosby in 181 7 
where he traded for many years, the business continued by his son. 
Major Crosby and Eben Dudley until 1852. The famous Long 
wharf was begun by Benjamin Wheeler, the first settler who built 


a grist mill on the stream. General Crosby greatly enlarged and 
lengthened the wharf. 

The British burnt the Decatur and Kutusoff, exacted a bond of 
$12,000 and destroyed some $40,000 worth of property. Many of 
the buildings were riddled with bullets. Tuesday they joined the 
Dragon, but exacted of Frankfort forty oxen, one hundred sheep, 
and the surrender of all arms. They then departed to Castine. 

The Selectmen of Bangor appointed a committee of twelve fore- 
most citizens to confer with them, whereupon, they drew up a 
petition setting forth their distress, praying to be relieved of the 
terms of the bond, and dispatched Amos Patten, and John Crosby of 
Hampden, to Halifax to lay it before General Sherbrooke and Ad- 
miral Griffith. They refused to relieve Hampden, but said the 
people of Bangor might either destroy the vessels, or deliver them, 
or sell them and distribute the money among the soldiers who cap- 
tured them, or pay the bond. 

They returned home in much distress, but peace was declared 
December 24", and the terms of the bond were never exacted. 

The shameful retreat of the militia brought great discredit on the 
American arms, and on May 15", 1815, Governor Strong ordered 
a Court of Inquiry to investigate the conduct of the officers. Blake 
was commended. Whereupon, Colonel Grant and Major Cham- 
berlain were tried by Court ^Martial at Bangor, January- 8", 18 16, at 
which Major Chamberlain was acquitted, but Grant was cashiered, 
and suspended from his command for two years. 

Gardiner was incorporated in the year 1804. Named for Dr. 
Sylvester Gardiner, to whom most of the township was granted 
about 1754 by the Plymouth company. Robert H. Gardiner, a 
distinguished son of Maine, who is remembered for his public and 
Christian spirit, came into possession of the place by inheritance 
in 1803. Then there were but about 600 inhabitants. Mr. Gardiner 
used his energies and wealth unsparingly and his influence tended 
to inspire the people to work. Mills arose, dams were built, machine 
shops constructed and the first church was a fine Gothic structure 
on a commanding eminence and was considered one of the most 
beautiful buildings in New England. Cobbosseecontee falls give 
this place its peculiar value as a manufacturing center. 


The Moose Horn Sign in 
Abbot, Maine 

The Piscataquis Historical Society recently voted to replace the 
old moose horn sign post in the town of Abbot, on the old highway, 
leading from Bangor to Moose Head Lake, and appointed a com- 
mittee to make proper arrangements for the affair. This com- 
mittee consisted of Charles D. Shaw of Greenville; Henry Hudson 
of Guilford; O. P. Martin of Foxcroft; H. E. Morrill of ^^lonson 
and John F. Sprague of Dover. The time fixed for doing this was 
August 25, 1914. It was decided to make it a public event and it 
resulted in one of the most interesting historical occasions ever 
known in Piscataquis County. There was an attendance of several 
hundred people who came from the adjoining towns and villages 
in the county, and some from other parts of the state. 

The Universalist ^lale Quartet of Dover and Foxcroft were 
present and rendered pleasing and appropriate selections w^hich 
were well appreciated by the audience. 

The meeting was called to order at 10 o'clock in the forenoon 
by Honorable John Francis Sprague of Dover, President of the 
Society and Editor of Sprague's Journal of Maine History, who 
called upon Charles D. Shaw of Greenville, chairman of the com- 
mittee of arrangements, to preside at this meeting. 

Mr. Shaw in opening the meeting spoke in part as follows : 

"Ladies and Gentlemen: 

We assemble here today in memory and in honor of an event 
which, as near as can be ascertained, took place at this spot 97 or 
98 years ago. 

"In those days history and historical events were not looked upon 
in the light in which they are today, consequently no record can 
be found of what actually took place. 

Presumably there is no one here with us today who was present 
on that occasion to enlighten us. 

I am authorized and pleased to announce that it has been decided 
that the Piscataquis Historical Society now take the matter in 
hand, and in the future take it upon themselves, to maintain and 
protect the moose horns at this point, for time immemorial and to 
keep a record of this and all future events pertaining thereto. 


"And now Mr. Sprague, the donor my brother Albert H. Shaw, 
presents to the Piscataquis Historical Society these moose horns. 
His request to me was that I should see that they were properly 
prepared and set up to take the place of the fragments which were 
recently hanging to the old pole. He, undoubtedly, as well as my- 
self, has listened to inquiry from people we have met from Moose 
Head Lake to the Pacific Coast as to whether or not the moose 
horns still exist, and in his behalf, I present them, through you its 
president, to the Piscataquis Historical Society to be in the future 
intrusted to its custody and care, so that the question may always 
be answered in the affirmative: 

•The Moose Horns Still Exist.' 

The tablet attached to the pole is donated by ^Ir. George H. Wil- 
kins of the Portland-^Ionson Slate Company in honor of this event.'' 

We will now listen to Mr. Sprague who will give you something 
of a history of the moose horns and its origin. 

Mr. Sprague then delivered the following address : 

Mr. Chairman and Members of the Piscataquis Historical Society: 
One of the objects of this Society is to preserve ancient and his- 
toric landmarks within our county. We meet here at this hour 
by the side of this old highway for the purpose of replacing a sign 
post which was first established at this place nearly a century ago. 
To be more accurate, it was in the year 1817 as near as it can be 
ascertained, from data now attainable. 

Abbot was first settled by Abraham Moore in 1805 who in 1806 
raised a crop and built a log house and moved his family here in 
1807. The first trees were felled in the adjoining town of Monson 
by Joseph Bearce of Hebron, Maine, in 181 5, who made what was 
considered the first settlement there in either 1816 or 1817, Davison^ 
fixes it in the former and Loring^ in the latter year. 

When these first settlements were made in what was then a vast 
and unbroken wilderness the beginning of this old highway was a 
spotted trail over which the inhabitants walked or rode on horse 
back. This method of traveling continued for several years. Davi- 
son says that in 1819 James Stanchfield, Jr., used to go down 
through here to Sangerv'ille to the grist mill with a horse* "carrying 
about three bushels of grain on the horse's back." 

^Monson Semi-Centennial, Address, Rev. Charles Davison, Pape 5. 
'Loring's History of Pi.'^cataqiiis County (18S0) p. 181. 
'Davison, p. 26. 



As these settlements expanded the road improved and it soon 
became wide enough for use for teams during the winter seasons, 
and when the ground was not covered with snow, sleds drawn by 
oxen could haul loads of merchandise over it. Then later this 
highway, as we see it today, was laid out legally by these early 
pioneers, and it became a public way for the use of any and all in 
the whole world who might desire to pass this way. This became 
a part of a system of public ways reaching from the great lumber- 
ing region of Moose Head Lake to the city of Bangor, at the head 

of tide water on the 
Penobscot river. 

This old road rep- 
resents days and gen- 
erations of the past. 
The commerce of the 
entire lake country, 
the immense lumber- 
ing business of that 
region, used to pass 
over it. It was hauled 
over these hills and 
across these merry 
brooks and dancing 
streams. It has 
knonw all kinds oi 
vehicles, carrying hu- 
manity of every de- 
gree and condition. 

Carriages bearing 
the rich and the poor, 
the high and the low, the pure and the vicious; men and women 
with sorrows and men and women with joys, have passed here, and 
their horses have slaked tlieir thirst at the old watering tubs along 
its course, fed by continually running streams from the rocky hill 

The old time stage coach, that thing of grandeur in the early days, 
once made its proud journeys through the lights and shadows of 
this old highway, proudly carrying its loads of humanity and faith- 
fully distributing the mails from every part of the world. The 
state driver was a personage of importance. He was fresh from 
the city of Bangor every morning and his appearance in the bar 




■? ■'.;•»■,'-='•' 

The Old Moose Horn Sign Post 


room, store and postoffice of every village and four comers along 
the old highway, was a noted event. During the political campaign 
he was in his utmost glory. 

"The village lawyer, the first deacon, the doctor, the leading 
politician and the solemn-faced parson even, would form an inter- 
ested group around the Prince of the Whip for the latest news and 
the details and incidents which could not be gleaned from the weekly 
journals. Probably the old stage driver's most consequential days 
as a real oracle were during the exciting times of Kansas, John 
Brown, and the lurid years of the Civil War. 

He was a daily bulletin for all. He was good old Jerry Mc- 
Donald and his long line of predecessors, associates and successors, 
not the least of whom was Henry Xorcross and Lem Nichols. 

"But a change has taken place in the afifairs of the old highway. 
It long ago parted company with the stage drivers and bade fare- 
well to the tote teams laden with the products of every clime des- 
tined for the old fashioned stores, such as were kept by the Eveleths 
and the Pullens. 

The old taverns with 
their creaking signs 
have gone too anrl the 
modem hotel with its 
finger bowls and electric 
lights have taken their 

"The iron way was its 

rival. The steam power 

now carries the freights 

of humanity of chattels 

and barter. The shrill 

whistle from the rival road occasionally startles the passers on the 

old highway and disturbs the robin and whip-poor-will in their wild 

wayside homes. 

"This old highway has witnessed wonderful changes in the past, 
in the political, religious and social world. But few now are con- 
tent to jog along over it in the old family carriage after the com- 
fortable manner of our fathers; but the most of the travelers that 
it serves today are hurling through the land in high-power automo- 
biles, and each day during summer time it sees them from distant 
states and cities. 

The New Moose Horns Sign Post 


"Joseph Bearce of Hebron, whom as we have seen, was the 
pioneer of Monson, scmetime during the year 181 7 at this spot 
where the old Blanchard road butts off from this highway, erected 
here a sign pest bearing one moose horn as a guide pointing the 
way to Monson, Greenville and Moose Head Lake. Later, in 
either 1822 or 1823, ^[r. Alden G. Kirk of Abbot, who is now living, 
says that William R. Weeks killed a Moose near the Ripogenus 
lake and placed these horns on the post which remained until re- 
cently when they crumbled from exposure to the elements. From 
the time of Joseph Bearce to the present day this place has been 
known a* the Moose Horns by every one having any knowledge of 
the geography of this part of Elaine. 

"That renowned American philosopher, Henry David Thoreau 
of Concord, Massachusetts, in 1845-46-47 made three journeys 
into the wilderness of Elaine, his objective points being respectively 
Katahdin, Chesuncook and The Allagash and East Branch, His 
accounts of these trips were published at the time in the Atlantic 
Monthly and afterwards compiled in a book entitled "The Maine 
Woods," which has probably done more to bestow upon the State 
of Maine a world wide fame as a delightful and enchanting place 
for summer homing than all else combined. 

In making his Chesuncook trip, Thoreau traveled this old highway 
and made this spot and this old sign post, erected by Joseph 
Bearce in 1817, famous in American classics. On page 118 of this 
book, he says : 

"At a fork in the road between Abbot and Monson, about twenty 

miles from Moose Head Lake, I saw a guide-post surmounted by 

a pair of ^loose Horns, spreading four or five feet, with the word 

Monson painted on one blade, and the name of some other town 

.on the other." 

Scores of other lesser writers have since made mention of the 
moose horns in descriptive writings of this country. It is a true 
emblem of the early history of northern and eastern Maine ; of its 
first settlers and rugged pioneers, for it represents the noblest of 
all of Maine's wild animals. The moose was the monarch of the 
great forestry which the first white men found here. 

The fears of scientific men and of naturalists, who are studying 
with care the vanishing wild life of our state, are that the moose 
may go the ghastly way of the buffalo of the western plains, and 
that long before these graceful antlers, which we place here tod&y 


shall have decayed and fallen, this noble animal will live only as a 
memory or a tradition. 

It is well to preserve this ancient land-mark and this represen- 
tation of Elaine's grandest wild animal, and the public should be 
grateful to Mr. Charles D. Shaw of Greenville and his brother, the 
Honorable Albert H. Shaw of Bath, for the interest they have 
manifested in this matter. • 

"The Piscataquis Historical Society receives this emblem from 
the Honorable Albert H. Shaw, understanding that it is the duty 
of this Society to act as trustee or custodian of it to the extent at 

least of seeing to it that 
in the future it is pro- 
tected and preserved as 
long as may be, and that 
a recard of these doings 
and of all matters per- 
taining thereto shall be 
kept and preserved for 
all time. 

And now in behalf of 
the Piscataquis Histori- 
cal society. I accept of 


, I 



Scene at It's Restoration, August 25, 1914 

this and thank these gentlemen for their generosity and the patriotic 
spirit which they have manifested in making this gift to the public. 

"This Society and the public are also under obligation to the 
Portland-Monson Slate Company and Mr. George H. Wilkins, its 
General Manager, for the slate tablet from their quarry in Monson 
which they have made and presented, that will give information to 
future generations of the date when this old sign post was first 
established and the date of our proceedings today; and this tablet 
will always here represent one of the most important industries in 
this region. 

"And thus today the Piscataquis Historical Society makes record 
of a token that Joseph Bearce bequeathed to the public ninety-seven 
years ago; of its intention to perpetuate the moose horns as the 
name of a place in this picturesque part of northern Maine; of its 
design to hand down this legacy to others who will pass and repass 
along this old highway after we shall have been forgotten and to 
whom we shall be unknown. 

Mrs. Sarah Lucas r^Iartin of Foxcroft read the following original 



Only a trail through the primal wood, 
A trail that branched to either hand. 

Winding and climbing, rough and rude, 

Through the dusky aisles of the forest land. 

But the hunter bold, or the pioneer. 

Threading the depths of the forest maze, 

'Wildered and worn, cried, ''Good Cheer" 

When he readied the parting of the ways. 

For high above on the cedar shaft 

In the pale moonlight or the sun's warm glow. 
The moose-horns showed the winding path 

Nigh to a hundred years ago. 

'Twas the kindly thought of that pioneer 
Who builded first in that olden day; 

Joseph Bearce, be his name revered. 

Who placed the horns to mark the way. 

The rough trail grew to a beaten path ; 

The path to a road through a well tilled land 
And the horns which clung to the cedar shaft 

Marked the road which branched to either hand. 

The suns of summer, the driving rain 

On the old moose-horns burned and beat ; 

The fearful frosts of a Northern Maine, 

And the blinding storms of winter sleet. 

'Twas nigh to a hundred years ago 

The pioneer heard the call "Well Done ;" 

And the old moose-horns have worn away 
As all things vanish beneath the sun. 

So we come this day the work to renew 

Of the kindly thought of that pioneer; 

And we nail the horns to the shafting true. 
May they guide the traveler many a year. 



Henry Hudson, Esq. of Guilford also spoke at some length in a 
very interesting and instructive manner relating to the early history 
of the towns of Abbot and Monson; of the early land titles and 
many things of great intej-est on those lines. 

Speeches were also made by O. P. Martin and H. L. Smith of 
Foxcroft; H. E. Morrill. Prof. W. S. Knowlton and J. D. Draper 
of Monson; Frank \V. Ball of Dover; Fannie Hardy Eckstorm, the 
well known Maine author of Brewer; Arthur A. Crafts and H. A. 
Sanders of Greenville; Rev. E. M. Bartlett of Canton, Connecticut, 
who has made Monson his summer home for many years ; E. P. 
Blanchard of Blanchard and J. H. Blanchard of Abbot. 

One of the most interesting incidents of the day was the presen- 
tation of a beautiful American Flag by Harr\' A. Sanders of 
Greenville, on the condition that it be hoisted on each succeeding 
anniversary of this day and on each Memorial Day and the Fourth 
day of July. 

The town of Baldwin in 1735 was a wilderness, inhabited by the 
Pequaket tribe of Indians. It was in this year that Lieut. Benj. 
Ingalls settled on the farm later occupied by Simon Harding, now 
owned by Frank Milliken. Feb. 8, 1774. the original grant of the 
township, including most of Sebago, was made to Samuel Whitt- 
more, Amos Lawrence and others. In 1780 this grant was renewed. 
Josiah Pierce soon after erected mills. Capt. John Flint, Eleazer, 
Ephraim, John Cummings Flint, Ephraim Abishai were among the 
Flints who came to this place prior to and after 1780 and before 
1800. They were all sturdy pioneers, men of means and were given 
the preference in naming the plantation "Flintstown." Another 
landed proprietor. Col. Laommia Baldwin of Massachusetts, though 
not a resident of the plantation, after disposing of nearly all his 
land gave the remainder to a friend who was instrumental in having 
the name changed to Baldwin, on its becoming an incorporated 
town in 1802. It comprised at that time Sebago, which was set off 
and incorporated a separate town in 1826. In 1795 the first school 
was taught by Jos. Richardson in his house. In 1805 six school 
districts were organized. In 1795 the earliest recorded marriage 
was that on Dec. 15, of Jona. Sanborn, Jr., to Elixabeth Thorne, 
by Josiah Pierce, Esq. 


John Marsh, Jr., Owner of the 

Orono Island That Bears 

His Name 

(Wayfarers Notes.) 

John Marsh, Jr., of Orono, was born in Bellingham, Mass., July 
24, 1751. He first went to what is now Orono with Jeremiah 
Colburn in 1774. He took possession of Arumsunkhungan (now 
Marsh) Island, Nov. z"] , 1777. He married Sarah, daughter of 
Jeremiah Colburn in 1778, and tradition says buih a log house in 
which his oldest son, Samuel, was born, in 1779. 

Marsh was an active patriot in the Revolutionary war. He ac- 
quired the Indian language and spoke it with great fluency and upon 
several important occasions acted as interpreter between the Indians 
and the English. He was at Auk-paque, St. John river, N. B., 
June 9, 1777. Col. John Allen employed him to carr>^ expresses on 
the St. John river and to Machias after provisions and men, and as 
a messenger up and down the St. John river, and also as a pilot to 
Machias. He was a bearer of despatches from Col. John Allen, 
the commander of our troops in the eastern part of the state, to 
the general court. He came by way of Schoodic lakes, thence down 
the Passadumkeag river and the Penobscot to Penobscot falls. 

About 1779 ^^^ British influence becoming strong on Penobscot 
river Mr. Marsh took his wife and son and went to Camden where 
his second son Benjamin was born, Oct. 29, 1780. He returned to 
Orono in 1783, and July 8 bought Marsh Island of the Indians for 
30 bushels of good corn. 

In 1784 he agreed with other men to build a saw mill, the first in 
the town and the first on the river above Bangor. In 1787 Jeremiah 
Colburn gave his deposition relating to the mill, a copy of which I 


Penobscot April 2^, 1787. 

The Deposition of Jeremiah Colburn of Penobscot River in the County 
of Lincoln, Gentleman, on oath testified and saith, that on or about the 28th 
day of November, 1777, John Marsh of Penobscot, in the County aforesaid. 
Kntered on an Island called and known here by the name of Marsh's Island 
and took up and settled on a Certain Lot of Land for A Farm for himself: 


which lot included a mill Privilege. That on or about the last of May, 17S4, 
Messrs. Levy Bradley, Joseph Moore, and Daniel Jemison, all of Penobscot 
in said County; Did then and there agree with the said John Marsh to Build 
a Saw mill upon the said Priviliege included in within the Lot which the 
said John had Settle as aforesaid. And the said Levy, Joseph and Daniel, 
Did also agree with the said Marsh to Relinquish to him one Quarter Part 
of one saw, immediately after finished in the mill which they so built, 
upon Conditions that the said Marsh should Relinquish 10 Acres of Land 
included within said Lot so as to include said mill Privilege and upon the 
former conditions being fulfilled upon the said Levy, Joseph and Daniel's 
Part. Then the said Marsh was to give A Deed of said 10 acres as soon as 
he obtained a Deed from Government. 

Jeremiah: Colburn. 
Lincoln, ss. — Penobscot, April 22, 1787- 

Then Jeremiah Colburn Personally Appeared and made oath to the above 

Before me, 

Jonathan Eddy, Justice of the Peace." 

Attempts to Get Island From Him. 

Several attempts were made to dispossess him of the island on 
the ground that he cheated the Indians, but I do not see from 
reading all the evidence that such was the fact. 

In 1793 he sent the following petition to the general court: 

The Honorable the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court 

The Petition of John Marsh, 

Humbly showeth, • 

That your late Petitioner for a Number of Years Resided and Hunted 
with the Penobscot Tribe of Indians and by that means become perfectly 
acquainted with their Language previous to the late war with Great Briton, 
and had left said Tribe and settled on the River Sheadore in the Province 
of Canada, in a very comfortable and advantageous way of Trade; and 
that on the arrival of the American Army under the Command of Gen. 
Arnold your Petitioner Compeled from a regard to his Country and the 
Sclicitation and even Command of said General, to again Quit a Regular 
life and business and take upon him the disagreeable way of savage living 
tc serve as a linguister during the Blockade of the City of Quebec, by 
which means your Petitioner was obliged to quit the Country and intended. 
and in fact had again begun in Business at St. Johns, but the said Indian 
agent per&waided him to Quit that place for an Island situate and lying in 
the River Penobscot and adjacent to the Penobscot Old Town Island and 
in the year 1777 Your Petitioner took possession of said Island and in the 
year one thousand seven hundred and eighty three actually received a Deed 


thereof from the Chief of said Tribe, not in the least doubting their righl 
of conveyance, where your Petitioner has resided to the Present day. But 
instead of enjoying in Quietude his possession your Petitioner is interupted 
by others coming on in open defiance of an Authority or the Title of your 
Petitioner. And whereas Your Petitioner was ever a loyal subject and ever 
exerted himself to the best of his abilities in his capacity for the benefit of 
the Commonwealth and during the said war performed divers services for 
which he never received any compensation, and even to the present day is 
frequently called from place to place to interprt for them and likewise 
continually trouble with them at his own House on every occasion when 
they think themselves injured or want to make any Bargain with the settlers 
on said River without any fee or reward. Your Petitioner therefore Hum- 
bly prays your Honors to take his circumstances into your Wise considera- 
tion and confirm him in his title to said island (accompanying this Petition) 
or other way releave Your Petitioner as in your Wisdom may seem Meet, 
as in Duty Bound will ever Pray, 

John Marsh. 
Penobscot, Oct. 20. 1793. 

Note on the back of the original document. "2.000 Acres of 
land containing in Marsh Island. ^lost of the land of ordinary 

In 1795 the court passed a resolve in his favor : "Resolve grant- 
ing an Island in Maine to John Marsh, passed June 24, 1795." 

**On the Petition of John Marsh, of Marsh Island, in the County 
of Hancock, praying for compensation of said Island; Resolved, 
that all the right, title, interest, claim and estate which this com- 
monwealth now have in and to the island aforesaid, encompassed 
by Penobsco't River and its branches, near Indian Old Town, being 
the same island on which the said John Marsh new dwells, which 
contains about two thousand acres, be the same more or less, be 
and hereby is remissed, released and forever quit claimed to the 
said John Marsh and to his heirs and assigns forever." 

The island contained about 5,000 acres and comprised Great 
Works and the major part of the city of Old Town. 

Sold a Part tx 1796. 

June 4, 1796, Marsh sold a part of the island for $1,100 to Dr. 
Elihu Dwight of South Hadley, Mass., described in the deed as 
follows : 

**Part of the land I now live on beginning and bounding as 
follows : at a stake and stone on the east side of the :Marsh Island 


and the most northerly part of the land which I now improve : then 
run a due west line across said Island to the river; thence north- 
westerly on the bank of the river to the most northwardly part of 
said Island ; thence southwardly as the river runs on the east side 
of said Island to the first mentioned bounds." — Hancock Records, 
vol. 4, p. 112. 

His wife Sarah signed the deed. This sale took about all of 
Marsh Island except the homestead and farm of Mr. ^larsh. 
When Old Town was set off from Orono in 1840 the north line 
of the Marsh place or farm was probably the south line of Old 
Town, the ^larsh tract remaining in Orono. 

Mr. Marsh married Sarah, daughter of Jeremiah Colburn, 1778. 
She was born Oct. i, 1795. He died on the Vinal farm, 1814. The 
widow died May 26, 1841. Their children were, probably: — 

1. Samuel, married Jane Oliver of Orono. He died 1810. They had four 


2. Benjamin, born in Camden, Oct. 29, 1780; unmarried; died in Orono, 


3. Ziba, m. Sarah, daughter of Benjamin Colburn, of Pittston. They had 

12 Children. He died in 1S43. 

4. John H., m. Bertha Freese, of Sunkhaize in 1813. He died in 1852. 

They had five daughters and seven sons. 

5. William, born 1789; Methodist clergyman; married and had five chil- 

dren. Died in Canada in 1865. 

6. Jeremiah, born March 15, 1791; Methodist clergyman; married and had 

eleven children. 

7. Polly, married Matthew Oliver of Orono; published Feb. 11, 181 1. They 

had nine children. 

8. Sarah, married Samuel Stevens, of Sunkhaize, 1816. 

9. Aigial, married Phineas Vinal; published Sept. 22. 1815. They had 

eight sons and three daughters. 

10. Elijah, born March 28, 1801 ; married Mary Wiley, and had nine chil- 

TI. Elizabeth, married Stephen Bussell. They had six children. 

Our country — whether bounded by the St. John's and the Sabine, 
or however otherwise bounded or described, and be the measure- 
ments more or less ; — still our country, to be cherished in all our 
hearts, and to be defended by all our hands. 


Toast at Faneuil Hall. July 4, 1845. 


General Lafayette in Maine 

The following is from the old Maine Historical and Genealogical 
Recorder (Vol. 4-'Xo. 4), now out of print. The Editor in a 
foot note said : 

"We have gathered the above sketch of LaFayette's visit to Maine, from 
the local papers of that time, which chronicled the incidents as they occured. 
We have heard our grand-parents recite the story of the General's visit to 
their town with so much interest that we ventured to publish the narrative 
anew, hoping it may not be entirely without interest to our readers at this 
time, though we regret that our space will not allow a reprint of some, at 
least of the excellent and patriotic speeches, and toasts brought out by this 

General Lafayette visited this country four times. He landed 
first in South Carolina, April 24, 1777, was commissioned as Major- 
General in the L'nited States Army, July 31, the same year. He 
returned to France, embarking from Boston in June, 1779. He 
re-crossed the Atlantic, landing in Boston, May 11. 1780, returning 
to 'his home at the close of the campaign. In 1784, at the invitation 
of Washington, he again visited the L'nited States, landing at New 
York, August 4, but returned to France the following December. 

President Monroe, by a resolution of Congress, invited La- 
Fayette once more to this country. It was not until the General's 
fourth and last visit that he came east of Massachusetts, and at 
this time, accompanied by his son, George Washington, and another 
member of his family, Mons La V'asseur, he visited each of the 
twenty-four states and many of the principal cities. Although he 
arrived on this occasion at Xew York, August 15, 1824, he did not 
reach the State of Maine until nearly a year later. 

LaFayette, on his way to Maine, passed the night of June 23, 
1825, in Dover, X. H. On the evening of that day, a committee of 
citizens of South Berwick waited on him and invited him to breaf- 
fast with them the next morning, which invitation he accepted. At 
8 o'clock on the morning of the 24th he arrived at the bridge which 
is on the boundary line of the States, to which place he was escorted 
by a Committee of the Xew Hampshire Legislature, and given in 
charge of Colonels Dunlap and Emery, the Aids of Governor 
Parris. On the line of the State, under a civic arch of evergreens 
festooned with oak leaves and adorned with roses, Colonel Dunlap, 
in an appropriate address welcomed him to the State of Maine, to 


which the General made a suitable reply. He then entered the 
carriage with Colonel Dunlap and rode uncovered to Mrs. Frost's 
hotel. The street for nearly the whole distance was lined with 
young ladies on one side, and lads on the other, who as. he passed, 
retained their stations and cheered him wiih "Welcome LaFayette, ' 
Similar arches were erected over the street near the hotel, and 
over its entrance. From the balcony in the presence of a large 
concourse of people, the Hon. Benjamin Greene, as chairman of 
the Selectmen of South Berwick, addressed him with words of 
warmest welcome to the town, and to the State of Elaine; to which 
the General made reply. Then followed- introductions to many 
people, all of whom he took by the hand and seemed not the last 
impatant in receiving the greetings of the lowest citizen, or the 
smallest child. He then entered a hall elegantly decorated for the 
occasion where he breakfasted ; after which he caled on Mrs. 
Cushing with whom he was intimately acquainted during the 
Revolutionary War. From thence he entered his carriage and pro- 
ceeded toward Portland. He was received on his entry into Wells 
by Mr. Horace Porter, chief marshal of the day, and the citizens 
of that village, who had thrown two beautiful arches across the 
street through which he passed and greeted him with loud huzzars 
of welcome. From Wells, he was conducted to the town of Ken- 
nebunk, where he was met by a cavalcade of gentlemen of this 
village and the neighboring towns, headed by General Elisha Allen 
of Sanford, who joined the general escort. When the procession 
arrived within a mile of the village, the cannon under the direction 
of ^lajor Osborn and Captain Littlefield commenced firing a na- 
tional salute, the bells ringing at the same time. He was conducted 
through the town amidst the huzzas and joyous greeting of the 
citizens, giving every person an opportunity of seeing him, by 
forming on each side of the street from the bridge to the church. 
where the cavalcade wheeled and returnd to Towl's Hotel, when the 
General was introduced to the Committee of Arrangements by the 
Governor's Aids, and was addressed by Dr. Samuel Emerson, the 
chairman, in appropriate terms, to which the General replied with 
much affection and feeling. Partaking of the same spirit so uni- 
versally manifested throughout the United States on the visit of La- 
Fayette, the citizens of Saco and Biddeford met him at 4.30 o'clock, 
P. M. on the same day (Friday, 24th), and to them who were united 
in their Committee of Arrangements for the occasion, he was an- 


nounced as the "Nation's Guest," by Colonel Emery, one of the 
Governor's Aids. The General was addressed by Ether Shepley, 
Esquire, chairman of the Committee, and he replied in his usual 
happy manner. He was then escorted to Cleaves' Hotel in Saco, 
by a numerous cavalcade under the direction of Colonel George 
Thatcher, Chief ^^larshal of the day, and his Aids. The procession 
proceeded through the principal streets of the towns, — across the 
bridge over the Saco was erected an elegant arch bearing the motto, 
."WELCOME LAFAYETTE." and on one column, "YORK-j 
TOWN 17-19 OCT. 1781," and on the other, ^VERSAILLES 5-6, 
OCT. 1789," while the sides of the bridge were tastefully decorated 
with evergreens. Across the second bridge at the foot of Cutts' 
Island, was also erected another arch on which was the following 
line taken from a French play and applied in the original to La- 
COURAGE." Near the stone building in ^lain street, another ele- 
gant arch was thrown across bearing the following inscription. 
"THEN I WILL EQUIP ONE MYSELF," at the sight of which 
the General was visibly affected. At one point in the procession he 
was greeted with the simple and affectionate welcome of the school 
children of both towns, the girls dressed in white and the boys 
wearing a badge on which was inscribed, "W^ELCO^^IE LA- 
FAYETTE." The General appeared much pleased and received 
their salutations with evident emotion. The sides of the streets 
were thronged with citizens anxious to testify their joy and grati- 
tude by" loud and repeated huzzas. At the hotel a great number of 
gentlemen were introduced, among them many revolutionary sol- 
diers, and some who belonged to the General's Light Infantry, This 
scene was interesting beyond description. It was impossible for 
many to suppress the rising tear. 

From Cleaves' Hotel, he was escorted to the house of Captain 
Seth Spring in Biddeford, who was- a soldier of the revolution, and 
in the battle of Bunker Hill. After partaking of refreshments and 
tarrying until evening, he was escorted to the house of Mrs. Thorn- 
ton, widow of the late Marshal Thornton, who with a feeling that 
did her honor, threw open her house to receive the Hero, and a large 
number of ladies and gentlemen of Saco and Biddford and the 
neighboring towns. Here were introduced with many others. Mrs. 
Thachei* of Thomaston, daughter of General Knox, and Mrs. Sav- 
age, widow of a revolutionary Captain who was personally reward- 
ed for his bravery by LaFayette. 


The General passed the night and breakfasted at Capt. Spring's. 
On Saturday morning, at 7 o'clock, he was escorted by a numerous 
cavalcade as far as the village of Scarborough, where he was 
received with the same feeling of gratitude by the people, that had 
cheered him on all his journey through the States; and about 9 
o'clock A. ^L (June 24, 1825), General LaFayette entered the 
town of Portland. Although he had been the round of the whole 
country, and received the attentions and gratulations of a whole 
nation for almost a year, so that the subject might be supposed in 
some degree to have lost its novelty, yet we doubt whether he had 
in any place met with a more cordial and warm reception than in 
this town ; and what is more remarkable, notwithstanding the whole 
year of fatigue duty which he had gone through, witnessing almost 
the same scenes from day to day, yet he showed not the least mark 
of apathy, but seemed to greet the old war-worn veterans of the 
Revolution with as much enthusiasm, to exchange salutations with 
the public functionaries with as much animation, and to shake 
hands with the thousands who thronged around him with as much 
feeling and affection as he possibly could have done on his first 
arrival in this country. On his arrival in Portland, he was by 
the Committee of Arrangements, the Selectmen and citizens of the 
town on Bramhall's hill, where he was addressed by the Hon. 
Stephen Longfellow in behalf of the citizens, to which the General 
replied as usual. A procession was formed to escort him through 
the towns, including his son and Mons La\'asseur. The military 
escort consisted of four uniformed companies of light troops. They 
were the Portland Light Infantr}-. the Rifle Company, Mechanic 
Blues and Brunswick Light Infantry: the latter with a spirit that 
did them much credit, voluntarily marched from Brunswick to this 
place, a distance of twenty-six miles, in complete uniform, to join 
the escort of the day. About fifty truckmen dressed in white 
frocks appeared in the cavalcade and added much to the appearance 
of the procession. 

The General rode in an open carriage, drawn by four white 
horses, his head uncovered and accompanied by Colonel Dunlap. 
The procession, as it moved through the principal streets of the 
town, passed under many beautiful arches of evergreen and roses 
thrown across the streets in different localities : one across Dan- 
forth street, at the intersection of High, with the inscription, 


across the head of Free street, on which a live eagle was perched, 
and on the arch these inscriptions — "WASHINGTON AND LA- 
FAYETTE/' -'WELCOME che\'alier;' -sans PEUR ET 

SANS REPROACH." On Free street the school children num- 
bering about twelve hundred all dressed in uniform greeted him; 
the girls holding wreaths of flowers which they waved at the 
General and threw into the street as he passed ; and the boys wore 
badges of blue ribbon on their hats inscribed with "WELCOME 
LAFAYETTE." The General looked on them with affectionate 
interest as he passed with his head uncovered 'before them. An 
arch was erected at the foot of Free street, inscribed with "WEL- 
COME TO OUR PARRIS." Across Middle at the head of Ex- 
change street, was an arch inscribed "YORKTOWN." At the 
head of King street another, on which stood a FULL RIGGED 
MINIATURE SHIP, and upon the arch was inscribed "I SHALL 
Another arch was thrown across Congress street in front of the 
Universalist church and near the State House, where the Governor 
and Council were in waiting. Salutes were fired on Bramhall's 
Hill, Mount Joy and at. Fort Preble; and the bells rung during the 
movement of the procession. 

It was estimated that near fifteen thousand people saw La- 
Fayette during the few hours he remained in the town. A platform 
was erected in front of the State House and covered with an 
extensive awning where the General was addrssed by President 
Allen of Bowdoin College and in presenc of the officers and stu- 
dents of the college, received the honorary degree of Doctor of 
Laws. After some time spent in greetings, etc., the procession 
moved to the house of Mr. Daniel Cobb on Free street, where 
lodgings had been prepared for the General. Here refreshments 
were taken, and here also he was addressed in behalf of the Grand 
Lodge of Maine, by William Swan, Esquire, Grand Master, and 
other members of the Fraternity. And as LaFayette could not ex- 
tend his journey beyond Portland, he was addressed here by the 
citizens of Thomaston, Bath, Hallowell, Augusta and Gardiner; 
to all of which the General responded in his happy way. At 4 
o'clock the General partook of a public dinner at Union Hall, 
which was prepared and served in elegant style. The guest spent 
the evening at the house of Governor Parris, which was thrown 
open to the citizens. LaFayette left town Sunday morning about 


7 o'clock without any parade and returned to Saco on his way to 
Vermont. He took breakfast at Captain Spring's in Biddeford, 
tarried a short time with Colonel Emery, and attended divine 
service at the church of Rev. Mr. Tracy; immediately after which, 
he set out for Concord, where he arrived the same night. 

The town of Harrison was so named from Hon. Harrison Gray 
Otis, and was formed from the towns of Bridgton and Otisfield, 
and was incorporated by act of the Legislature of Massachusetts, 
March 2, 1805. The part taken from the town of Otisfield was sur- 
veyed by George Pierce, Esq., and lay between the town line road, 
extending northwest and southeast, and Crooked river. The part 
lying between the old line of division and Long pond, containing 
about 8.500 acres, formerly constituted the "second division of 
Bridgton." This was surveyed by Benj. Kimball. Jr., in 1793, who 
laid out 90 lots of about 90 acres each. 

The original bounds of Harrison, as given in the act of incorpora- 
tion, comprised that territory south of a line east, 15 degrees north, 
passing through Island pond, and included between Crooked river 
and Long pond. To form the town of Naples eleven tiers of lots 
were taken from the southern end, lying between Crooked river 
and Long pond. 

The first town election was held at the home of Naphtali Harmon, 
near the place where the first town house was built in 1806 or 1807. 
At this time there were 49 male residents in town, 41 of whom cast 
ballots at the fall elections. A second town house was erected near 
the first, in 1825. The third was built in the village, in 1871, at an 
expense of $2,200. 

The town of Bucksport was first settled in 1762 and was called 
Buckstown in honor of one of its earliest settlers. Col. Jonathan 

The town was incorporated June 25, 1792. In 18 17 the name was 
changed to Bucksport. The village is beautifully situated on the 
eastern bank of the Penobscot and enjoys one of the finest harbors 
that magnificent river afiFords. Bucksport is the terminal of the 
Bucksport branch of the Maine Central railroad and is 18 miles 
from Bangor. 


The Hamor Mt. Desert Papers 

Eben M. Hamor of West Eden, says the Bar Harbor Times, 
died November 6. 1910, at the age of S8 years, 7 months and 10 
days. The last few years of his life were spent in collecting and 
copying old records of the Island of ^It. Desert and in compiling 
all the important events and interesting incidents in the historv of 
the Town of Eden and the island in general. The work fills two 
large volumes, written in ^Ir. Hamor's own hand, and it was pre- 
sented to the town shortly before the author's death. 

The Times is publishing extracts from these most valuable 
records from week to week and we shall occasionally reproduce 
some of them for the readers of the Journal. 

The following is from this collection relating to the petition of 
John Bernard to the General Court of Massachusetts. 

The committee upon the petition of John Bernard submit the following 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the house of Representatives June 14, 1785, whereas John Bernard of 
Bath in the County of Lincoln hath produced to this court ample testimony 
of the uniformity, consistency and propriety of his political conduct, previou'=; 
to, during and since the late war, and whereas the estate of his father Sir 
Francis Bernard, deceased, has been confisticated to the use of this govern- 
ment, part of which estate so confisticated, to wit the island of Mount Deser: 
was by the last will and testament of said deceased made previous to said 
confiscation devised to said John and the only property which said John 
Dy the will aforesaid, could hold, had not said estate been confiscated, and 
this court viewing the conduct of said John as meritorious, and commis- 
erating his peculiar situation, and he having petitioned for a grant of the 
island aforesaid which this court consider to be in degree reasonable, there- 
fore Resolved that one moiety or half part of the island of Mount Desert be 
and hereby is granted, and from the passing of this resolve shall enure to 
the said John Bernard, his heirs and assigns forever to hold in fee simple, 
provided always, that said John shall convey to each person now in the 
possession of lands, which may by a division of the aforesaid island be 
assigned to said John such guaranty thereof and upon such terms as the 
committee appointed by a resolve of the General court passed Oct. 28, 178.3 
shall direct, within eighteen months from the passing of this Resolve. 
- Approved June 23 — 1785 by James Bowden — Governor. 


Indians In Ancient Georgetown 

When my great-grandfather. Thomas Grace Whitney was a 
youth, and lived in Georgetown, Elaine, he was captured by the 
Indians and spent some time with them, writes Mrs. J. E. Trethe- 
wey of Gardiner, in the Lewiston Journal Magazine. It must have 
been during a lull following one of the wars for they did not seem 
inclined to be cruel to him, but rather, endeavored in their way to 
make him happy. He was stolen rather than captured, for it was 
while he was in the forest cutting wood that they crept up behind 
him, and almost before he realized what had happened, they had 
him bound, gagged and blind-folded. He was carried a long dis- 
tance to their village and here they proceeded to transform him, 
as far as possible, into an Indian. His hair and skin were stained 
dark, and he was dressed in Indian garments. They could not, 
however, change the hue of his blue eyes, nor the soft wavy hair 
into the coarse, straight locks of the redskin. 

Although they were kind to him. and allowed him a certain 
amount of freedom, yet he was so carefully guarded that weeks 
passed into months before he found an opportunity to escape. One 
night when the Indians, having acquired a goodly quantity of liquor. 
were having a carousal, with the help of an Indian maid, young 
Whitney made his escape. Before he had reached safety however, 
his absence was discovered and the redskins put after him like so 
many hounds. With them at his heels, he pushed his way through 
forests, swam long distances, leaped walls and finally fell exhausted 
on the threshold of a settler's cabin. At first, he was taken for an 
Indian, but his blue eyes and curly hair proclaimed his white blood. 

One evening, years after when hostilities were a thing of the past, 
as he was sitting by his fireside, a small party of Indians called at 
his door and begged admittance for the night. Their request was 
willingly granted and as the} gathered around the hearth-stone in 
friendly conversation, Whitney related, how, when a lad he had been 
abducted by the redskins. After he had finished his tale, one of 
the Indians, a very old man, arose and went out-of-doors. As he 
did not return, search was made and it was found that he had pre- 
pared to sleep in his canoe. Xo amount of persuasian could prevail 
upon him to return indoors. It was thought after, that very likely 
this was one of Whitney's abductors and fearing recognition, and 
judging by Indian temperament, perhaps revenge, he dared not to 


The Deserted Lumber Camp 

Through the scent and warmth of the noonday 

Or under the stars' friendly gleaming, 
In the hot bright glare of the sun 

Or sudden rush of the rain; 
Bathed in the cool white moonlight 

Around it in radiance streaming, 
The old camp stands through the summer, 

The short bright summer of Maine. 

Wild raspberries riot around it, 

From sills to the edge of the clearing, 
The deer crop the rank wild grass 

That grows o'er the path to the door; 
And up on the sagging rafters 

Th€ squirrels chatter, unfearing 
Voices or laughter of men 

Or a step on the rotting floor. 

But when the wild storm wind of winter 

Sweeps in from the east o'er the ocean 
Bearing aloft on its pinions 

The first flakes, stinging and few — 
• Drifting and eddying round it, 

Then sinking and ceasing from motion — 
The old camp comes to its own 

And goes back to the life it knew. 

The rattle of plates and tin dippers 

In the dimly lantern lit morning, 
From the hovel's odorous door 

A horse's questioning neigh ; 
The creek of the snow by the dingle 

An hour before the dawning, 
Laughter and strange wood's oaths 

As the men are off and away. 


As the white drifts deepen around it 

The old camp knows a desire 
For life as it used to be. 

With the lumbermen back again ; 
The stench and steam of the woolens 

As they dry out over the fire, 
Pipe smoke and laughter and jest 

And the low deep voices of men. 

The stories told in the evenings 

By the Yankee teamsters and choppers, 
Babble of Russian or French 

From the other men of the crew ; 
Cookee's satirical chuckle 

At the camp-cook's wonderful ''whoppers," 
Strange songs of the woods-camp and drive, 

Old and yet ever new. . '• . , 

Through the scent and warmth of the noonday 

Or under the stars' friendly gleaming, 
In the radiant hush of dawn 

Or fall of the twilight gray; 
With an air of pride in the past 

Its present desertion redeeming, 
The old camp stands through the seasons 

Facing impending decay. 

Foxcroft, Maine. 

Georgetown is a town in Sagadahoc County. Maine, and formerly em- 
braced Bath, Woolwich and Arrowswic, and includes now only Parker's 

Williamson says that John Parker commenced the settlement of this 
Island in 1829, spent the winter following on its south side, where, when 
Williamson wrote (1832), there was the appearance of some ancient habita- 
tions. It was visited by Captain John Smith in 1614. Amid Indian hos- 
tilities this Island was for a time abandoned, but Williamson says, "never 
forsaken." It was actually purchased of a Sagamore by Parker about 1643. 
It was incorporated as a town in 1716. (Editor) 


Judge George H. Smith 

Another of Elaine's prominent and worthy citizens, who had 
been from the first number a subscriber to the Journal and had 
written us letters of appreciation and encouragement regarding it, 
died at his home in Presque Isle. Maine, June 15, 1914. 

Two of the bright and genial newspaper men of Elaine are 
Virgil G. Eaton, editor-in-chief of the Bangor News, and Sam 
Connor of the Lewiston Journal. 

Mr. Connor had for many years been a warm friend of both Mr. 
Eaton and the late Judge Smith, and he refers in the Lewiston 
Journal of a recent date to both and to the touching tribute of Mr. 
Eaton for his old friend as follows : 

"Death, a few days ago, brought to a close an earthly friendship 
which has lasted for many years and undoubtedly will be resumed 
in the future life, when Judge George H. Smith of Presque Isle 
passed away, after a brief illness, of heart disease. This friendship 
was between the judge and A'irgil G. Eaton of Brewer, the veteran 
newspaper man of 3^Iaine and editor of the Bangor Xews. It began 
a good many years ago and grew closer and firmer as each passed 
those milestones known to us as birthdays. 

*Tt was their delight to sit down together and talk over the affairs 
of life. Judge Smith had a quaint conception of things and an 
equally quaint way of expressing himself. These joint debates and 
story telling sessions which they held were always a great pleasure 
to their friends, who were well satisfied to play the part of listeners. 
Living, as they did, many miles apart, these occasions were not 
often, so their friendship had been kept up by correspondence. It is 
to be regretted that these letters could not have been saved and 
made into a book. It would have been a readable volume ; a book 
in which laughs would have predominated and gloom hard to find. 
In all probability the last letter which Judge Smith ever wrote was 
to his friend Eaton. It told him of his illness and that he was 
gammg. It was; no doubt, in response to one from the Brewer 
man, in which that gentleman had told of not being well, for the 
wnter knows that about that time Mr. Eaton was in poor health, 
though, It is a pleasure to state, he is again well and able to grind 
out copy. 

"Because of this long friendship and intimate knowledge of the 
man it remained, and was fitting it should be so, for Mr. Eaton 


to pay the sweetest tribute to the judge which has been written of 
him. Mr. Eaton, in an editorial in the Bangor News, says : 
'Green be the turf above thee, 
Friend of my better days ; 
None knew thee but to love thee, 
None named thee but to praise.' 

" 'Judge Smith' fully described him to all residents of Elaine. 
Of course there were other Judge Smiths in different parts of 
Maine. Judge Smith of Dover, Maine. Hon. Bertram L. Smith 
of Patten (who should be a judge), our own Bangor friend, the 
late Reuel Smith — many other illustrious Smiths; but Judge George 
H. Smith of Presque Isle, Elaine, was the one person to whom the 
simple title of 'Judge Smith' fully applied in Elaine. 

"All people of 3>Iaine, regardless of parties and religious beliefs, 
deeply mourn his untimely decease at Presque Isle last Monday. 
He had suffered an ill turn a few days previously and had been sent 
to bed by his Presque Isle physicians. He recovered rapidly, how- 
ever, and the previous Saturday had written the editorial writer for 
this paper that he was emerging nicely from the dark woods of 
sickness, and was making ready at once to go to the Eastern Maine 
General hospital for a permanent recovery. 

''How he was born in Newburg, Maine, June 27,, 1853, attended 
Hampden academy during his youth, moved to Aroostook county, 
studied law, was admitted to Aroostook county bar, admitted to 
partnership with the late Judge Louis C. Stearns of Caribou 
(later of Bangor and Hampden) ; how he dissolved partnership 
and began the practice of law in Presque Isle ; how he served for 
eight years as judge of probate for Aroostook county; how he was 
sent for term after term as republican representative to the Alaine 
Legislature ; how he became a power in Maine republican politics ; 
how he might have been sent to the Maine Senate from Aroostook 
county; how he secured a normal school for Presque Isle from the 
Maine Legislature, and how. later on, he also secured an appropria- 
tion from the Legislature for an Aroostook experimental farm; 
'how he sent his sickly wife to New Mexico for the curing of her 
tubercular ailment, and how he went thither himself for her greater 
comforting; how later she returned to Presque Isle to die; how he 
served for eight years as official reporter of decisions of the Maine 
supreme judicial court, and how he was always faithful to every 
trust which was imposed upon him; how he accomplished all this 


and died when he was on the eve of his 6ist year — no Maine man 
has fought more nobly or won more victories than this true-blue 
native of Newburg, Maine. 

/To summarize, no living or dead man in Maine had a more 
outspoken and faithful friend than was the late George H. Smith." 

Yarmouth history is of peculiar interest. There is a small stream 
here called Royall or Westecustego river, about 15 miles long. It 
has a good harbor at its mouth, where the ancient settlements were 
commaiced. On Sept. 22nd, 1680, the township of North Yarmouth 
was established. It took its name probably from Yarmouth, Eng- 
land. Its boundaries then embraced Freeport, Pownal and Cum- 
berland. This was the eighth town established. William Royall 
came over in 1630 and purchased this region of Gorges in 1643. ^^ 
1658 he settled on the east side of the river, and erected a fort; but 
in the year 1676 the Indians laid everything waste. In 1680 the 
settlement was revived. In June 1681, Pres. Danforth and his 
council met in general assemply. Four years after, there were 
twelve representatives. Among other judicious laws which were 
enacted, one imposed a fine of 20 shillings for every pint of intoxi- 
cating drink anyone should sell to the Indians. 

Orono, the town that is now the "Mecca" for students, was 
hundreds of years ago the home of two nations of Indians — the 
Abnakis or Abenaques. In the latter nation, the strongest tribe was 
the Tarratines, who generally in a battle were the victors. Their 
largest villages were at Oldtown and at the banks of the Stillwater 
in Orono. "The settlement of the last named place by the English 
received its name in honor of Joseph Orono, an Indian chief. 

The Tarratines rarely made war upon the whites except under 
great provocation. For more than a hundred years after the settle- 
ment of Maine, no white person was killed by the Penobscot tribe 
but in self defence." On the contrary, there are many beautiful 
memories of Indian gratitude and kindness. Joseph Orono was 
wise and just and asked that some of the grievances under which 
his people labored should be removed by the whites. 

Chief Orono died more than century ago, keenly intellectual in 
his old age. The remnant of the tribe lives at Indian Island, Old- 


The Proposed Province of 
New Ireland 

By The Editor. 

It is well known that during the Revolution there were some in 
New England who were not in sympathy with the Colonists in 
their resistance to what they regarded as the oppression of King 
George's government, and never adhered to their cause. These 
were called Loyahsts. At one time the British government fostered 
a scheme of severing a portion of Maine from Massacliu^etts and 
erecting it into a province to be colonized by the Loyalists, under 
the name of New Ireland.^ August lo, 1780, an order was approved 
in Cabinet and by the King on the following day from which we 
make extracts : 

It being judged proper and necessary to separate the Country lying to the 
North East of the Piscataway River from the Province of Massachusetts 
Bay, is it proposed to erect so much of it as lies between Sawkno River and 
the St. Croix (which is the South West boundary of Xova Scotia) and to 
extend from the Sea between two North Lines drawn from the Heads of 
those Rivers to the Boundary of Canada, into a Xew Province, which from 
its situation between the Xew England Provinces and Xova Scotia, may 
with great propriety be called Xew Ireland, especially as the iEra of its 
establishment is coeval with that of opening the trade of Ireland with the 
American Provinces. The remainder of the Country lying between the 
Sawkno River and the Piscatway it is proposed to throw into Xew Hamp- 
shire in order to give that Province a greater Front on the Sea than it now 
has, and for reasons of deeper policy. 

It is proposed that the Constitution of the Xew Province should be similar 
to that of East Florida at the outset consisting of only a. Governor and 
Council, a Chief Jusice, and other Civil Officers, provided for by Estimate 
granted by Parliament, but that a declaration be made of the King's Inten- 
tion to give it a complete local Legislative whenever the Circumstances of 
the Province will admit of it; and it may be proper to declare what that 
Legislative will be, as a Model of the Constitution wished to take place 
throughout America. 

It has been found by sad experience that the Democratic power is pre- 
dominant in all parts of British America. It is in vain to expert the Gov- 
ernor to possess the Shadow even of the Influense of the Crown to balance 
it, and the Council in the Royal Governments holding their Seats at the 

"Joseph Williamson, in Maine Historical Collections, Vol. i (Second Series) 
p. 147. 


pleasure of the Governor, Men of personal weight prefer being Members 
of the Assembly to seats at that Board, and therefore the Members of it 
being chiefly officers of the Crown without property and but Httle of the 
Aristocratick Influence to tlic Regal Authority of the Governor, altho they 
form a sort of Middle Branch of the Legislature. 

One of its purposes was set forth as follows : 

. To reward or Indemnify the Loyal SuflFerers from the other 
Province, and at the same time lay the ground of an Aristocratic Power, 
the Lands to be granted in large Tracts to the most Meritorious and to be 
by them leased to the lower People in manner as has been practiced in New 
York, which is the only Province in which there is a Tenantry, and was the 
least inclined to Rebellion. The poorest Loyal Sufferers should however 
have Grants from the Crown. 

Dr. John Calef^ was the American agent for the Loyalists in 
London, and this matter was later revived by him and in ^larch, 
1782 the Cabinet granted the prayer of the petition, but that is 
as far as it ever progressed. 

It has been stated' that the proposed Colony received its death 
blow from an opinion rendered by the Attorney General of Eng- 
land who entertained scruples about violating the sacredness of the 
chartered rights of the Province of the ^lassachusetts Bay. 

^Dr. John Calef was a member of the General Court of Massachusetts 
Bay in 1769. Documentary History of Maine (Baxter MSS) Vol. 14, p. 79. 
'Joseph Williamson. lb. p. 156. 

Mr. Samuel Lane Boardman of Augusta, author of "Six Private 
Libraries of Bangor," reference to which is made in the Journal 
(Vol. 2, p. 93) : 

"Had I known you as a booklover you should surely have had 
an early copy of my book, The Six Private Libraries of Bangor. 
Instead, I only knew of you as a historian and antiquarian, but I 
am glad you have a copy now, as I have not a perfect copy myself. 
All were given away. 

I had intended to write a second volume and visited Dr. Coe's 
library with that object in view. The volume would have embraced 
also a description of General Hamlin's library, also Wilfred Hen- 
nessy's library (Mr. Hcnnessy is secretary of the Bangor Chamber 
of Commerce; and the library of Charles Kennedy who is in the 
E. F. Dillingham book store.)" 



Entered as second class matter at the post ofRce, Dover, Maine, by John 
Francis Sprag-ue, Editor and Publisher. 

Terms: For all numbers issued during- the year, including an index and all 
special issue-s. $1.0*). Single copies. 25 cents.* Bound volumes of same, $1.75. 

Bound volumes of Vol. I, $2.50. Vol. I (icound) \s-ill be furnished to new sub- 
scribers to the Journal for 52.00. 

Postag-e prepaid on all items. 


"We must look a little into that process of nation-inaking 
which has been going on since prehistoric ages and is going 
on here among us today, and from the recorded experience 
of men in times long past zve may gather lessons of infinite 
value for ourselves and for our children's children." 

— John Fiske. 

Gathering Material for History 

The work of gathering and preserving the historical data and 
sources of information of today for the use and benefit of the 
people of tomorrow is not only a pleasant and enjoyable task but 
is of vast importance as well. The following excerpt from a paper 
by Prof. Alvord, of the University of Illinois, read at the Seventh 
Annual Conference of the American Historical Societies at Indian- 
apolis, December 2<S. 19 lo. and published in the Annual Report of 
the American Historical Association for the year 1910 — (Wash- 
ington 1912) p. 251, is an interesting and concise presentation of 
this thought. 

"In the middle of the seventeenth century — about the first third 
of the seventeenth century — there lived in London a bookseller by 
the name of Thomason, who was regarded by his neighbors as 
a crank, because lie gathered everything that was printed or written 
— that floated in the atmosphere in his particular neighborhood — 
the floatsam and jetsam of life in London. It consisted of printed 
news letters ; it cinsisted of invitations to dinners ; it consisted of 
notes between one gentleman and another; it consisted of programs 
of vaudeville shows in \'auxhall Gardens and elsewhere — every- 
thing that was a rcord of the times. He had a vision of posterity 
and gathered it all; but he did not know how to classify and use it; 
he simply gathered. He wrote on each one the time and the con- 
ditions under which he had collected it. They were tied up and 
piled in piles, and after his death somebody bought the collection 


and presented it to the British iMuseum, and it lay there until 
Macaulay found it and used it. He saw in this collection a vision 
of life during the civil-war. period of England, and with the 
assistance of his imagination he pictured for us, from this collec- 
tion of odds and ends, the life of that period. 

"So I say that any historical society, no matter how broad or 
narrow its scope, should gather material, for someone has said 
*The literary rubbish of one generation is the priceless treasure 
of the next.' The members of the historical societies should have 
a vision of posterity. What is interesting to you that has come 
down from the past? Some old colonial newspaper; some playbill 
when the English were occupying Philadelphia and having a gay 
time; something that keeps you in touch with the old days? That 
all interests you to-day and helps you to rebuild the past, and so 
what we are gathering to-day will be considered treasures by the 
next generation. We should have a vision of posterity, and that 
is the basis on which a historical society should be conducted." 

Notes and Fragments 

^Minorities, since time began 
Have shown the better side of man. 
And often in the lists of time 
One man has made a cause sublime." 

"The Spirit's Work" is the title of a charming little volume of 
verse by Honorable Job. H. Montgomerv', a well known lawyer and 
public man of Camden, Maine, just issued from the Riverdale 
Press, Boston. 

It is a collection of some delightful gleams of sunshine which 
have from time to time burst forth from a busy man's life and com- 
piling them in a book makes a valuable addition to the literature of 

From a Maine newspaper of 1906 we find that the Roberts 
family held a reunion at Silvers Mills in Dexter, Maine, August 
23, 1906, when the following persons were present : 

Willis and Maybelle Haines, C. D. Roberts and daughter, Marguerite. Mr?. 
A. H. Fassett and son, Dennis Mr. and Mrs. O. O. Roberts and son, Winfield, 


O- J. Roberts, Mr. and Mrs. Duane Mower and son, Donald, Mr. and Mrs. 
Joseph Bridge, Jr., Mrs. Prudie Davis, Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Dinsmore and 
son, Paul, and Ralph Bailoy of Dexter, ]Mrs. C. A. Bryant, X. M. Bishop, 
Mr. and Mrs. Ames Bishop and family, Mr. and ^Irs. A. A. Carle and family, 
Elton Carle, Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Bearce and family, Mr. and Mrs. C. E. 
Richards, Myron Edgerly, Mrs. Snsit Edgerly and Son, Harold, Willie and 
Earle Roberts and Mrs. Lois J. Hutchinson of Sangerville; Mr. and Mrs. 
John Chase, Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Ames, Mr, H. A. Carle and family and Mr. 
and Mrs. F. A. Plagen and family of Dover; Mr. and Mrs. S. R. Roberts 
and Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Inman and family of Corinna ; Rev. A. P. Andrews 
and Harry Thurston of Garland; Mrs. Amanda Cole of Guilford; Mr. and 
Mrs. G. \V. Stacey and son, Percy, of Blanchard; Mr. and Mrs. H. C 
Roberts of Abbot; Miss Edna Packard of Greenville; Fred P. Roberts, 
Shirley; Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Vincent, Boston, Mass., and Mr. and Mrs. 
G. J. Leathers of Charleston. 

Walter B. Gould and wife, Mertie; Stephen L. Averill and wife. Eva; 
John W, Gould; Charles B. Gould and wife, Etta; Arthur R. Gould and 
wife, May; Rena A. Bartlett. The day was greatly enjoyed. The following 
Tuesday the family visited the old homestead at East Corinth. 

Piscataquis County was established in 1838. At the next session 
of the Legislature the first members of the House of Representa- 
tives from the new county were Joseph Crooker of Foxcroft; John 
Foss of Kingsbury; John J. Lovejoy of Sebec; Ephraim Packard 
of Blanchard and Joseph Chase of Sebec. 

In the- first session of the Legislature of Maine which convened 
at Portland, May 31, 1820, the town of Bangor was classed with 
Orono and Sunkhase Plantation and their Representative was 
Jackson Davis. 

In 1836 Stephen P.- Brown of Dover and Nathan Carpenter of 
Foxcroft were Representatives in the House of Representatives 
from Penobscot County. 

In speaking of the good roads movement in the Elaine, the Jour- 
nal (Vol. i-p. 197) said: 

"Long before the close of the present century the work of man's 
art added to Maine's natural scener>', will undoubtedly have made 
this the most beautiful and picturesque State on the American 


continent. The historian of the future will record the fact that the 
primal reason for this was the agitation for "good roads" in Maine, 
which really began within the last decade and which is so pro- 
nounced in this year of grace 1913. This wil be regarded as an 
epoch, the beginning of a new era in road improvement and the 
preservation of shade trees along the broad highways of the Pine 
Tree State." 

The preservation of shade trees along ^Maine's highways is not 
specifically provided for in the good roads law as perhaps it ought 
to have been, but it is undoubtedly within the discretion of the 
State Highway Commissioner to make such rules relating to the 
subject which they may deem proper. 

Recently the Honorable Harold M. Sewall of Bath presented to 
the Commission a ^lemorial, of which he was the author, signed 
by himself and a large number of leading and influential men and 
women of Maine, praying that they "give this whole subject 
careful and effective attention." 

It is one of the most able and eloquent public documents ever 
written upon any Maine subject and must inevitably produce good 

One of the most valuable Maine publications that the Journal 
receives is the Bulletin of the Maine State Library which is issued 
quarterly at Augusta by Honorable Henry C. Prince, the able State 
Librarian who is assisted by such efficient co-workers as \V. F. 
Livingston, Asst. Librarian ; Jennie M. Cochrane, Cata^logYier ; 
Abbie R. Knowles, Reference Librarian ; Ida ^L Gartley, Stenog- 
rapher, and O. O. Stetson, Document Clerk. 

The July number of the Bulletin contains much of Interest and 
importance, relative to Elaine library subjects and historical items, 
among which is a letter from Hannibal Hamlin, to his brother 
Cyrus Hamlin dated ]\Iarch 8, 1839, ^"<^1 ^^ exceedingly able and 
valuable article on the Collaboration of the Thompson Free Li- 
brary, by Miss ^L E. Averill. Librarian. 

The Bar Harbor Times is a new Maine weekly newspaper that 
is bright and attractive, the first number appearing July 11, 1914. 


It is published by \V. H. Sherman who runs a print shop at Bar 
Harbor and is also one of its enterprising business men. It is 
ably edited by Everett B. Harvey. It is independent in politics 
and says that its **c'hief aim" will be to promote the natural advant- 
ages and attractions of that beautiful region. 

From the numbers already received it appears to be undertaking 
its mission with much vigor and efficiency. One of its most praise- 
worthy efforts is commencing the publication of the Hamor his- 
torical papers, reference to which is made in another part of the 

The Bangor Historical Society has recently issued a valuable 
little volume of 88 pages being a complete account of its proceed- 
ings at its fiftieth anniversary held at the Public Library in Bangor, 
April 8, 1914. It is a credit to this Society and contains much 
important historical data relating to the early history of Bangor, 
not otherwise obtainable. The addresses of its president, Honor- 
able Henry Lord, its secretary. Edward Mitchell Blanding and the 
personal reminiscences of the venerable Elanathan Freeman Duren, 
secretary 1864-1902, are especially noticeable along these lines. 

Skowhegan originally was a part of Canaan, and its first settler 
was Peter Hayward, who built his log cabin near Skowhegan Falls 
in 177 1. Afterwards the part called Skowhegan was set off and 
called Milburn, and in 1814, it was divided and called Milburn and 
Bloomfield. In 1823, Milburn was incorporated, but the people 
preferred to keep the ancient name of the place and it was renamed 
Skowhegan which name it still retains. The name of Skowhegan 
was given by the Indians, and signifies '*a place to watch." Skow- 
hegan Falls was an ancient name, having been a noted locality for 
the Indians to ''watch" for and to catch salmon. The first officials 
were moderator, Joseph Patten, town clerk, Samuel Weston, select- 
men, Benjamin Eaton, Joseph Merrill. Samuel Weston and Josiah 
Parlin. Skowhegan was the home of Gov. Abner Coburn, whose 
public-spirited beneficence was known far and wide. The present 
town library buihling was in large part erected by the aid of money 
bequeathed by him and added to by the citizens. Many other enter- 
prises received his support. 


Sayings of Subscribers 

Frank C. Merritt of Washington, D. C, Private Secretary to 
Honorable Frank E. Guernsey, ^Member of Congress from Maine, 
says : 

"The Journal is one magazine which I read through. Most of 
the publications which come to my notice I simply glance over as 
that is about all I have time to do, but this one I read every word 
of and enjoy it very much." 

S. P. Crosby, Attorney at Law, St. Paul, Minn.: 

"I have very much enjoyed reading each number of your Jour- 
nal of Maine History, especially the July number containing San- 
gerville's Centennial. 

I have often thought that the man who left his native state and 
adopted another as his home (often some distance away) maybe 
more frequently recalls to mind the scenes and incidents of his 
native state than permanent residents do. 

Oilman's Corner, or South Sangerville, was the nearest point in 
Piscataquis county (for Dexter lawyers) to bring trial justice ac- 
tions 30 or 40 years ago, and as law student many a justice's writ 
have I made returnable before Ira F. Hayes, Trial Justice. Squire 
Hayes tried the litigated cases in the old store building at the 
corner and I recall several cases, both civil and criminal, that were 
very numerous. 

I brought one action on a promissory note of about $15.00 and 
Brother \V. E. Parsons defended, the identical gentlemen who 
delivered the able oration. I remember I offered the note in evi- 
dence and rested, — presuming that I had made out a prima facie 
case. But after the defendant's counsel said "we deny the signa- 
ture," and then followed more or less of an informal argument on 
both sides. Whether logical or otherwise the Justice became stag- 
gered and dumfounded and did not know for the time which way to 

We both enjoyed ourselves and laughed heartily, — Brother Par- 
sons laughing the loudest. Later Justice Hayes announced his 
decision for the defendant and plaintiff appealed. After the appeal 
was lodged in the higher Court a compromise was effected, — the 
defendant paying something. — which ended the small case. — which 
was worth more in amusement than the amount involved. 


Freeman D. Dearth, a promising lawyer and former Postmaster 
of Dexter, Maine : 

''I enjoy reading the Journal with a great deal of satisfaction and 
especially the Sangerv^ille Centennial edition.'' 

Honorable Stanley Plummer, Dexter, Maine, formerly Member 
of the ]Maine Senate and House of Representatives : 

*'I read the Journal with much pleasure and interest and regard 
it as a very valuable publication. 

S. F. Atwood, a well known business man of Foxcroft, Elaine: 
"I was especially interested in your account of General Boyd, one 
time owner of the each half of the town of Kilmarnock, now Med- 
ford, and of the town of Orneville. A long story might be told of 
the 30 or 40 years of expense and litigation in settling land titles 
resulting from the original grant to General Boyd." 

Edward K. Gould, attorney at Law. Rockland, Maine, and Past 
President of the :Maine S A. R. : 

"I value the Journal very much and think you are doing a great 
work in the historical line in undertaking and carrying forward 
its publication." 

Dr. Philip H. \"aughn, Mgr., of Vaughn's Hospital, Yarmouth, 

"I am greatly pleased with Sprague's Journal of !vlaine History. 
It is a most valuable and interesting publication and should be 
patronized by all who take an interest in the State of ^Maine and 
especially of its early history." 

M. A. Johnson, a leading and well known Attorney of Rockland, 
Maine : 

"I have read your Journal with great interest and take great 
pleasure in renewing my subscription. You are to be congratulated 
on your historical efforts. Your magazine is a gem now and in the 
future will occupy a suitable and prominent place in the archives 
of the State. 


Honorable Samuel X. Campbell of Cherryfield, Maine, formerly 
Member of the Maine Legislature and Executive Council : 

"I have enjoyed your magazine very much and trust you will 
have abundant encouragement to continue its publication." 

Honorable Wainwright Cushing, a prominent business man of 
Foxcroft, Maine and ^lanufacturer of Cushing s Perfection Dyes, 
and formerly ^Member of the Executive Council of ]^Iaine: 

"I read each number of Sprague's Journal of Maine History 
carefully and with great interest and then send them to some absent 
friend. The July number went to H. \V. :Macomber, Esq. of CaroU, 
Iowa, who was a native of Milo, Maine. 

Mr. T. H. Smith, Chicago, 111.: 

*T have been favored this month with two copies of the Journal 
of Maine History. The regular number which had lots in it of 
interest to me and now the Sangendlle number. When I saw the 
last I thought 'what about Sangerville interests me?' But when I 
came to read it I found lots to interest me and to make me feel 
that it would be a good thing if all those grand old Maine towns 
could be written up in that way, for I found I had quite a number 
of names to draw to. Stanley Plummer, whom I knew in Maine 
and later used to meet when he was circulating out this way. 
Whiting S. Clark with whom I was intimate in P>angor, and whom 
I met on the train coming this way back from Des Moines. Iowa, 
when he had decided to locate there and was going back after his 
family. Colonel Charles A. Clark whom I did not know then but 
did at Webster City, Iowa, and later at Cedar Rapids when he was 
high on the legal staff of the C. & X. W. Railway. If I cipher it 
out right W. O. Ayer vdio had the paper on Captain A. F. Wade, 
is the Rev. W. O. Ayer, son of W. O. Ayer, a merchant in Bangor 
and if so a school mate in the High school at Bangor. 

The name of \\'m. Lowney of Sebec who I take to have been 
Squire Lowney of Sebec and the grandfather of Walter ^l. Lowney 
of Boston of Lowney's Chocolates, and a good many more names 
famdiar to me. 

In a recent number I saw a reference to my old friend David D. 
Stewart of St. Albans by which I judge he is still hale and hearty. 


When he learned in 1872 that I was going on a western trip he 
said when in Minneapolis I must see his brother there who was 
known then locally as 'Elder Stewart/ 

He gave the Library to St. Albans and you may know more of 
him than I do. He had a large amount of real estate then and 
would not part with any of it. When anyone wanted to buy any 
of it he would make an excuse for not selling that he could not 
get his zi*ife to sign the deed. As he never married you will appre- 
ciate the fun of it. But this is rambling. I started out to voice my 
appreciation of the Journal and the pleasure I take in seeing the 
names of old acquaintances. 

In 1 861 and 1862 I was a student of Foxcroft Academy and 
remember a good many of the then residents there. 

Keep up the good work." 

Mr. Archie Lee Talbot of Lewiston well known writer on Maine 
historical subjects : 

"You are writing a valuable historical work, and I am glad to 
know that it is appreciated. Knowing your ability and taste for his- 
torical research I expected a good Magazine and I have not been 

Mr. E. A. Cummings of Bangor, Elaine, says : 
"Am very much interested in your historical work." 

I shall know but one country. The ends I aim at shall be my 
country's, my God's, and Truth's. I was born an American ; I 
live an American : I shall die an American. 


Speech. July 17, 1850. p. 437. 

Bishop \\"arburton is reported to have said that high birth was a 
thing which he never knew any one disparage except those who 
had it not, and he never knew any one make a boast of it who had 
anything else to be proud of. 


Annotation on Bacon's Essav. 


Waldoboro, the 32nd town to be incorporated in Elaine, was 
founded in 1739 by Samuel \\'aldo, for whom the place was named. 
It was settled in 1748 by German emigrants brought there by Gen. 
Waldo, and German names, still linger there now. These were of 
the Lutheran sect., but they were gradually absorbed by the Puritan 
churches and to-day their descendants are without a Lutheran 
church in that whole region. They did not therefore introduce a 
diverse element in religion, and their descendants have become 
thoroughly assimilated with the native population. Waldoboro was 
incorporated as a town June 29, 1773. 

Boast not thyself of to-morrow; for thou knowest not what a day 
may bring forth. — Old Testament. Proverbs xxvii. i. 

No man can tell what the future may bring forth, and small 
opportunities are often the beginning of great enterprises. 

DEMOSTHENES. Ad Leptinem. 162. 

New Mount Kineo House and Annex 

AAoose^he^ad LaVce^, Kineo» /Wetin& 

In the Centre of the Great Wilderness on a Peninsula Under the 
Shadow of Mount Kineo 

On the east side of the most beautiful lake in New Elngland, forty- 
miles long and twenty miles wide, dotted with islands, and with hundreds 
of smaller lakes and streams in proximity, in the midst of some of the 
grandest scenery in America, is the 


recently remrxleled and with many improvements added: making it second to none for 
comfort, convenience and recreation. 

It IS a Palace in the Maine woods and in the heart of the srreat eame region. 

This region leads all others for trout and salmon, Spring and Summer fishing. 

The NEW MOUNT KINEO HOUSE opens June 27, remaining 
open to September 28th. New Annex opens May 16, closes Sept. 28 


containing full description of its attractions for health and pleasure during the Summer 
season. First-class transportation facilities offered during the seasons. 

Ricker Hotel Company, 

Kineo, Maine, 

C /\. JUDI<:iNS, IWeineis&r. 




has been heartily endorsed by the press of Maine 
and other leading- Journals in the country and by 
many of the most prominent men of Maine and 
New England. 

Thus we desire to call your attention to the fact that this is the 
only publication in the world today that is devoted exclusively to 
the advancement of historical subjects and historical research along 
the lines of Maine's early history. 

We need the hearty aid and co-operation of ever\' person in 
Maine interested in this matter. If you are not a subscriber, kind- 
ly send your name and address with one dollar for one year's sub- 
scription. If you are already a subscriber, bear in mind that the 
success of the enterprise owes much to prompt payments. 

Spragues Journal of Maine .History 


Colonel John .\llan 233 John F. Lamb 262 

Old Plans at the Massachu- ; ^vi,„,^t ^ Estabrooke 263 

setts State House of . 

Lands in Maine 258 Editorial 264 

Dr. Crowell Clarington Hall 259 ^^^^. ^^^^ Fragments 265 

Society of Mayflower De- 
scendants in ihe State of ^^>''"^^ ^^ Subscribers. ... 268 
Maine 261 Information Wanted 271 





1-5 Civ^M 






Sprague*s Journal of Maine History 

Vol. II FEBRUARY, 1915 No. 5 

Colonel John Allan 

By John Francis Sprague. 

Colonel John Allan of Revolutionar>' fame, and who was espe- 
cially prominent during that period in Eastern Maine, deserves 
much greater mention and consideration than historians have ever 
bestowed upon him. 

This seeming neglect of one who is entitled to much honor is 
easily accounted for. His position under General Washington as 
Superintendent of the Indians of Eastern Maine did not bring him 
into the lime light of those times, although his duties were arduous 
and required skill, executive ability, keen foresight and sagacity, 
which attributes he possessed to a marked degree. In executing 
this important mission he was not identified with any of the mem- 
orable battles of the Revolution and hence his name is not promi- 
nently inscribed upon the roll of the famous men of that great 

His services for the cause of the American Colonies again brings 
into prominence Passamaquoddy Bay and the historic town of 
Machias, that being his headquarters. 

John Allan was the eldest son of "William Allan, one of the 
earliest settlers of Halifax, Nova Scotia, and was born in Edin- 
burgh Castle, Scotland, Jan. 3, 1746. His father, William Allan, 
was born about the year 1720; was a Scottish gentleman of means 
and an officer in the British Army. He married July 9, 1744, Isa- 
bella Maxwell, the daughter of Sir Eustace Maxwell a gentleman 
of Scotland, and at the time of the birth of his son, in Jan., 1746, 
he was temporarily residing in Edinburgh Castle where he and his 
family had sought refuge during the troubles of the Rebellion. 

From 1748 to 1750 there was quite a large emigration from 
England to the Nova Scotia coast, and it was about this time that 
William Allan settled at Halifax where he remained for a short 
time and then moved to Fort Lawrence where he resided until 
about 1759. It is supposed that he was a British officer at this time. 
This was when the French Acadians were deported by the English 
government. Subsequently the fall of Quebec, which surrendered 


all of the French possessions on this continent to the EngHsh, 
caused a great change in the affairs of Nova Scotia. The British 
government made many grants of that part of the Province from 
which the Acadians had been removed to officers of the army, and 
it is supposed that WjlHam Allan received a large grant of land at 
that time.' 

He married Mary Patton, October lo, 1767. 

From his father's domain John acquired a farm of 348 acres 
situated in the counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland. Its 
location was seven miles from Fort Cumberland, on the road to 
Bay Verte, which he named 'Tnvermary." 

While a young man in Nova Scotia he held the offices of justice 
of the peace, clerk of the sessions, and clerk of the supreme court, 
III the spring of 1770 he was elected a representative to the pro- 
vincial assembly, which position he held until June 2S, ^77^, when 
his seat was declared vacant for non-attendance. 

Like all of the people of Canada and the provinces he liad from 
the first taken a lively interest in the strife and contentions which 
Great Britian was engaged in with her American Colonies and his 
sympathies were entirely with the western colonists in their efforts 
to obtain justice from the Crown and he openly and fearlessly 
.espoused their cause. As he was a man of standing and influence 
in the community and a member of the provincial legislature his 
positive opinions in this regard soon attracted the attention and 
the censure of the government authorities, and he was notified to 
desist, which he refused to do. Then the provincial government 
began to lay their plans to apprehend him for treason to the king. 
When he learned this and after becoming convinced that his life 
was in danger he resolved to make his escape from the province and 
cast his lot with the colonies, which he did August 3, 1776, arriving 
at Passamaquoddy on the eleventh day of August, and entering 
Machias Bay three days later. Previous to his departure he had 
visited the Mic-Mac Indians which was a large and powerful 
tribe that dominated the Nova Scotia territory. These Indians had 
for a long time been under the influence and teachings of the 
Jesuits. Their kindness toward and fair treatment of them had 
made the Indians the natural aUies of the French ; they had em- 
braced the Catholic religion, and while entertaining great affection 

'Military Operations in Eastern Maine and Nova Scotia by Frederic 
Kidder 1867, p. 9. 


for them they looked upon the English as intruders in their country. 
it evidently occurred to Allan that he could for these reasons induce 
them to espouse the cause of the colonists against the hated English. 
In this attempt he was successful and when he sailed for Passama- 
quoddy several of these Indians accompanied him. 

During the month of the following October Mr. Allan sailed 
from Machias for the Piscataqua river and arrived there on the 3d 
of November. Thence by stage to Boston, where he arrived on the 
7th. Here he saw many prominent men in relation to the affairs of 
Eastern Maine in the war, including }^Iessrs. Adams, Austin and 
the members of the council, but little promise of aid in furnishing 
the Indians with supplies could be given, owing to the great need 
and scarcity at home, and he therefore determined to visit Congress 
and lay the matter before that body. 

On the 29th of November he started from Boston, on horseback 
for Philadelphia, passing through the states of Massachusetts, 
Rhode Island, Connecticut. New York and Pennsylvania. His 
journal of this trip is very interesting, and gives many incidents 
as they occurred. At Providence he called on Governor Cook, and 
at Norwich met Governor Trumbull of Connecticut, who gave 
him a pass through the country- He arrived at Hartford, Dec. 6th, 
and thence went to Fishkill, where he crossed the Hudson river, 
avoiding New York City, then in possession of the British. After 
a variet\' of adventures and hardships, owing to the roughness of 
the country, he fell in with General Gates, whom he accompanied to 
the headquarters of General Washington, to whom he was presented 
and with whom he dined on Sunday, December 22d. On the 25th, 
he left for Philadelphia, and the next day heard that Washington 
had crossed the Delaware. The weather being bitter cold, he had a 
difficult journey to Baltimore, where he finally arrived on the 30th. 
He was received by Congress on the 4th of January, and gave 
them a full statement of matters in the provinces. He was soon 
after appointed Superintendent of the Eastern Indians and Colonel 
of Infantr\', and having received his instructions from Honorable 
John Hancock, he left Baltimore on the 17th, for Boston. He 
arrived at the latter place on the 3d of February, having received 
intelligence on the way of Colonel Eddy's disastrous repulse at Fort 
After the attack on Fort Cumberland the government of Nova 
Scotia was ver>' much exasperated. The following are extracts 
from their records at that time : 


At a Council holden at Halifax, on the 17th Nov., 1776, Present the Hon- 
orable the Lieut. Governor, the Honorable Charles Morris, Richard Bulkly, 
Henry Morton, Jonathan Binney, Arthur Goold, John Butler. 

On certain intelligence having been received, that Jonathan Eddy, William 
Howe & Samuel Rogers have been to the utmost of their power exciting 
& stirring up disaffection & rebellion among the people of the county of 
Cumberland, &. are actually before the fort at Cumberland with a con- 
siderable number of rebels from Xe%v England, together with some Acadians 
& Indians. It was therefore resolved to offer £200, Reward for appre- 
hending Jonathan Eddy & £ 100, for taking each of the others, so that they 
be brought to justice. Also £100, for apprehending of John Allan, who has 
been deeply concerned in exciting the said rebellion. 

Kidder in his memoir of Colonel Allan published in his work, 
"Military Operations in Eastern Maine and Nova Scotia" previously 
cited, says : 

The conduct of the soldiers at Cumberland after they had defeated 
Eddy was very savage ; they burnt many of the houses of the persons who 
had fled to the States, and Col. Allan's was one of the first destroyed with 
nearly all its contents. His family fled without other clothing than they 
happened to have on at the moment, and hid themselves three days in the 
woods almost without food. Mrs. Allan crawled up to the smoking ruins 
of her late happy home, and found some potatoes which had been baked, 
or rather burnt by the fire. On these, she and her five little ones subsisted 
till she was found almost in a starving condition by her father, Mark Patton, 
who took her home and made her comfortable. His house was soon sur- 
rounded by British soldiers, who demanded the immediate surrender of the 
rebel's wife. Resistance was useless, and she was carried to Halifax a 
prisoner, though still very ill, leaving her three little boys at their grand- 
father's. .She was taken before the governor who commanded her to tell 
where her husband was, or be imprisoned. She remained firm, and gave 
them no information for some weeks. She then told her persecutors that 
**her husband had escaped to a free country." 

Mrs. Allan remained in prison at Halifax, six or eight months, separated 
from husband and children. She was small in stature, delicate in constitution, 
and not well suited to this kind of treatment. She was often insulted, and 
suffered much from the insolence and brutality of her overseers. At the sack- 
ing of her house many valuable articles were burned and destroyed; others 
were carried off by the soldiery. Among the latter were several silk dresses, 
which were given to the soldiers' wives who by wearing them in her presence, 
strove to annoy and wound her feelings in every possible way. 

After Colonel Allan's return from his visit to Congress, and his 
interview with Washington, he remained in Boston about three 
months, urging upon the members of the council the necessity of 
protection to the eastern part of Maine, as well as the great advant- 
age to the country of taking possession of the western part of 
Nova Scotia, and advocating the sending of an armed force for that 


purpose, which they consented to do. But above all he represented 
the condition of the Indians there, and the absolute need of con- 
ciliating and assisting them by establishing truck-houses to furnish 
them with the articles they so much needed. 

In 1777 the ^-Vmericans were convinced that all of the settlements 
in Eastern Maine were so unprotected that they were in great 
danger of invasion by the English and that action should be taken 
to enlist the Indians of Nova Scotia and the St. John river in behalf 
of the American cause and to take such other action to protect our 
frontier as might be necessary, and more especially to obtain 
complete knowledge of the condition and standing of the enemy in 
that region. June 5, 1777 the Council of Massachusetts Bay passed 
upon a letter received from Mr. Hancock and a resolve of Congress 
relative to this matter.' Among other things the record of this 
Council avers : 

At a meeting of the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony held 
September 16, 1777, it was voted and resolved that: 

Three hundred men including officers be immediately Raised By inlist- 
ment in the Eastern parts of this State; To the Eastward of the County of 
Cumberland and formed into three Companies consisting of 100 men Each 
Including officers Each Company to be commanded by one Captain one 
first Lie't one Second Lie't and one Ensign, the whole to be commanded by 
Lie't Colonel Phineas Nevers & Major George Stillman and that they be 
commissioned accordingly and the whole to be Stationed at Machias and to 
Continue in Service to the last day of December next unless sooner dis- 

At the same time Mr. Allan received an appointment as Colonel 
to command the Indians in the Eastern parts of Maine as follows:' 

Resolved that John Allan, Esq. be and hereby is appointed Colonel to 
Command the Indians in the Eastern parts of this State and the Council is 
hereby directed to Commissionate him accordingly. And it is further 
Resolved that John Allan Esq be & he is hereby authorized to take into the 
service and pay of this State Such and so many of the Eastern Indians as 
he shall be able to procure & think proper. 

That an expedition to the River St. Johns in Xova Scotia, is not only 
necessary in orde'- to secure the Inhabitants of the Counties of Cumberland 
& Sunbury (who have applied to Congress for protection) in that State, 
from the cruel oppression &: violence of our common enemy; but also, 
for the preservation of all our Settlements lying to the Eastward of Casco- 
Bay; & for preventing that Short & easy communication between our 
enemies in Carada with those in Xova Scotia, through said River, which they 
are now fortifying for that purpose. 

'Documentary History of Maine (Baxter Mss.) Vol. 14, p. 4^9. 
"Documentary History of Maine. (Baxter Mss.) Vol. 15, p. 211. 


That in order to carry this expedition into effect, there be one Reg-iment 
raised, as soon as possible in the Counties of Lincoln & Cumberland within 
this State, to consist of 728 men Officers included, & to be upon the conti- 
nental establishment, be raised by enlistment for a tenn not exceeding Six 

That there be a sufficient naval force provided, to Convey all the neces- 
sary stores to said River, or such other place as may be ordered ; not only 
sufficient for said Regiment, but also for such volunteers & Indians as may 
join them in this expedition for Securing that part of the Country against 
the depredations of the Independency of the United States of America. 

That a general Officer be appointed by the whole Court, to command & 
direct this whole affair, under such orders as may from time to time be 
given him by the Council, to whom he frequently make return of the State 
& circumstances of the forces, & all proceedmgs in this expedition. 

Subsequently he subscribed to an oath of allegiance as follows : 

State of Massachusetts Bay — 

I John Allan, Do Acknowledge, The United States of America, to be 
Free Independent, and Sovereign States, and Declare that the People Thereof 
Owe no Allegianc or Obediance to George the Third King of Great Britain, 
and I renounce refuse and Abjure Any Allegiance or Obediance to him, And 
I Do Swear that I will to the Utmost of my Power Support, Maintain, 
And Defend the said United States, Against the Said George the third. King 
&c — his Heier and Successors, and his or their Abettors, Assistants and 
Adherents, And Will Serve the said United States in the Offices of Super- 
intendent and Commander in Chief of Indians Eastern Department, Which I 
now hold. With Fidelity, According to the Best of my Skill and Under- 
standing So help me God — 

Lincoln ss. Mechias Apr'l 15th 1778 

This day the Above Mentioned John Allan Esq'r Personally Appeared & 
Made Solemn Oath to the foregoing Declaration 
By him Subscribed — 

Before nu. ALEX: CAMPBELL Jus't peace 

Colonel Allan was appointed and commissioned to take charge 
of what is known in histon- as the St. John Expedition. He left 
Machias in June of that year and returned the latter part of the 
following August. The net result of this movement was the obtain- 
ing of much valuable information and establishing to a great extent 
friendly relations with the Indian tribes, which lasted until the 
close of the Revolution. The value of Colonel Allan's services in 
this respect and throughout the war, in maintaining peace with the 
Eastern Indians and often securing them as our allies, can never 
be fully estimated. He was, both by temperament and ability, 
eminently well qualified for such a service. Then the Eastern 
Indians, having for generations been under the tutorage of the 


Jesuits, had probably not acquired such an intense hatred for all 
white men as had those of western Maine and other parts of New 
England. They did not regard them collectively as their common 
enemy, but did distrust the English and believed that they had 
generally wronged and cheated them and were desirous of revenge. 
Such conditions as these of course made Colonel Allan's task far 
easier than it might have been had he filled a similar position west 
of the Kennebec. 

When he returned to jMachias from the St. John river he brought 
with him a large number of Indian warriors with their families 
who remained true to the Americans as long as hostilities continued. 

There is plenty of evidence that General Washington placed im- 
plicit confidence in his conduct and supervision of the Indian affairs 
on the eastern frontier. It is also apparent that when Colonel Allan 
united his fortunes with the people of Passamaquoddy and Machias 
they were in dire distress and exposed to danger from threatened 
invasion of their settlements by the English from Nova Scotia. 
This is well proven by the correspondence of Rev. James Lyon, 
chairman of the committee of safety, Benjamin Foster, Colonel 
Jonathan Eddy and others with the officers of Massachusetts and 
the Continental Congress. 

In a letter under date of August 5, 1777, Mr. Lyon says: 

.*. My people are so reduced, that they cannot provide for 

themselves, otherwise they would never have applied to your Honors for 
so much assistance; consequently I have been obliged to strain every nerve, 
even to the neglect of my proper agreeable business, in order to procure the 
bare necessaries of life, but thro' want of the proper means, I have failed in 
a great measure, & have suffered much both in body & mind, my bread is 
Indian procured with great difficulty, my drink water, my meat moose, & 
my clothing rags, & many of these the dear partner of my misfortunes, who 
was tenderly educated, has been obliged to beg from those who could illy 
spare them, but notwithstanding my extreme trials, I have exerted myself 
to the utmost of my abilities, as a member of the committee & a faithful 
subject of the State of the Massachusetts, by day & night, & shall con- 
tinue so to do, when my duty calls upon me, to assist with my feeble abili- 
ties the community in which I live.* 

And three days later (August 8) Benjamin Foster wrote the 
Council : 

The Distresses of this place have been so often laid before 

you, that you are doubtless weary of hearing from us, & nothing but oure 
Necessity could induce us to trouble you any further, but our Distress is so 
great that I cannot Refrain. 

•Documentary History of Maine (Baxter Mss.) Vol. 15, p. 7 


We are not only destitute to a great Degree of the Necessaries of Life 
(exclusive of what your Honors were pleas'd to send here for the Troops 
yet to be raised) but we are also threaten'd with a powerful Armament from 
Nova Scotia to destroy us. We have certain Intelligence that a 50 Gun 
Ship & some Transports have been fitted out at Halifax & were ready to 
sail for this Place 12 Days ago; These are to be join'd by 500 Men from 
St John's River; We Expect them every hour, & God only knows what will 
become of us ! We have no Strength to resist such a Force, & yet Resist 
we must. 

We have no assistance (tho' long expected) from Boston except a few 
Officers without Men ! Not Twenty of the two Regiments are yet arriv'd 
here! Nor can we call in the Militia, for they are so destitute of Provision 
that they cant leave their families (about 50 Minute Men only expected) to 
our Assistance from the whole regiment.' 

There seems to be no doubt about the designs of the English to 
capture and hold Machias and the eastern frontier. That the 
expedition to St. John may have precipitated a crisis is probably 
true. At any rate the Governor of Nova Scotia professing to 
believe that this would be followed by further raids by Colonel 
Allan's forces decided to proceed with armed vessels to Machias 
for the purpose of capturing it. He applied to Sir George CoUier, 
who was at Halifax with a fleet of several war vessels, for aid, who 
put to sea with four armed frigates and arrived in Machias Bay 
August 13, 1777. Machias was however ably defended by the 
forces under command of Colonel Foster and this attempt proved 
a failure. In this battle the Indians were loyal and rendered val- 
liant service to the Americans. Thus the conditions were precarious 
and alarming when Colonel Allan finally assumed command and had 
full control of the situation. Congress was now aware of the 
idanger a»nd thereafter acted with more promptness than ever 
before in furnishing supplies, arms and ammunition to the militia 
and people of Machias and Eastern Maine. One of the greatest 
troubles that he encountered in keeping the Indians peaceable and 
loyal was the persistence of inn holders and others to sell them 
intoxicating liquors. White men would also cheat them in trade, 
steal their furs and commit other depredations, all of which tended 
to disturb and make more difficult the work in which he was en- 

The following issued by Colonel Allan was in the nature of a 
proclamation to the inhabitants, although it is not clear just how it 
was circulated among them or made public' 

•lb. p. 9. 
•Jb. p. 194. 


Mechias Septem'r 8th 1777 — 

Whereas notwnthstanding the Repeated Requests of the Subscribers to 
the Inn holders & other Inhabitants of this place the former in perticular, 
rot to Admit of Trading with the Indians in their several Houses or Other- 
wise, Perticularly the Furnishing Spiritious Liquors as it had a Tendency 
to the most pernicious Consequences to the United States. Still Several 
people persists in the Diabolical practice, & not only furnishes Liquors, but 
Embezzles the Indians property — 

The United States have been at a very Great Expence in furnishing the 
Several Truck Hous&s perticularly, that at this place, in Order that the In- 
dians may have Such Xecessarys as they May Want — 

This is done to prevent their Going to the enemy for assistance which 
if the Case the Consequence will be very fatal to this Eastern Country — 

But notwithstanding the Generous & Humane Disposition of Congress. & 
the General Court towards this part in regard to Keeping the Intriests of 
the Indians; Still some person (Whome the publick Cannot Look upon 
in any other Light then Enemys to their Country who are dayly Involving 
this Bleeding Continent Deeper into all the horrors of Warr to Satisfy their 
Insabiable & Voratious appetites) are takeing from Missarible Saveges — 
Vwho Fled from their own Homes to help the States) their Xecessarys for 
a Quarter of their Value, Which the publick has been at so Great Expence 
in procuring, by Which amoung Many Other Evils they must again become 
Naked, which will be difficult for the States to Replenish in the present 
Critical Situation of Affairs in these parts — 

Many persons may suppose that the Indians Takes no Xotice of Such pro- 
ceedings, but Immediately when known abroad, the Whole Body resent it, 
& Sildom (with Difficulty) Satisfaction is Given, for Fighting and other 
Evils Arrises Amoung themselves which the English may be Strangers to — 

The Subscriber has Taken every Legal Step Consistant with his authority 
from Congress to Secure their Interiests, but the Task Appears to Grow 
Harder every day, perticularly Occationed by the Reason before mentioned, 
which if practiz'd In, he will be Under the Necessity of Removing from this 
place Immediately, which is Detirmind, in Order to Keep the Indians from 
Returning Into the Enemys Country, as the Sober Sett Cannot Stay if 
Such proceeding are Tolerated — 

As the Subscriber doe not Chuse to Enter Into Broils and Quarels with 
perticular persons in this Critical Time, He wcud or.ce More Request the 
favour of those persons Who presists in this practice, as well as Others, 
Not to have any Dealings whal Ever with the Indians and In perticular Not 
to furnish them With Strong Liquor — 

And he also Expects that the Good people of this District will take per- 
ticular Xotice of Such Offenders, which may Come to their Knowledge & 
every person who will prosicute to Conviction, or Inform so that the Offender 
or Offenders may be Convicted, shall Receive three pounds, above what i-: 
Allowed by the Hono'ble the Gene'l Court of This State — 

It is Earnestly requested that the Gentlemen of the Army Militia as well 
as Continental, will take perticular Xotice of Those Incendarys and Miss- 
crents & Order the Diffrient Cores, to see the Resolves of the Gene'l Court 
put duly Into Execution XB an Indian yesterday (Lordsday) had a Moose 


kin taken from him for a Case Bottle Clove Water (two thirds of it Real 
Water) Several Skins of Peltry & Other things missing — 
Jno Allan Continental agent for Indian Eastern Department — 
A True Copy 

Attest Lew's Fred'k De Lesdernier J. P. 

The Council at Boston made every effort to conciliate the Indians. 
A letter to ''Ambroise and other Indians under Col. Allan" dated 
Sept. 15, 1777 addresses them as 'Triends and Brethren" and thanks 
them profusely for their ''Valor and good Conduct in opposing 
the Enemy in the attack they lately made on the settlements at 

Feb. 25, 1778 in a Council report appears the following: 

A Committee of Both Houses upon the Petition of the Com'tte of Ma- 
chias and several Letters from Col'o John Allan, have considered the same ; 
and apprehend that the retainiing and securing the Several Tribes of Eastern 
Indians in the Friendship and Service of the United States is a matter of 
the utmost importance to the safety and Defence of so Valuable a part of 
this State as the Eastern Country, and to this end your Committee apprehend 
that it is absolutely Necessary that the Truck house at Machias should be 
supplyed with Cloth, Corn, Rum, & every Kind of stores Necessary for such 
a Department as the best means to secure the several Tribes of Indians from 
taking part with the Enemy-Your Com'tee further report that it will be expe- 
dient for the safety of Machias, and to prevent the progress of the Enemy in 
the Eastern Country, that a small Body of men not exceeding one hundred 
for their present Relief should be immediately inlisted under the special Di- 
rection of Col'o Allan divided into two Companys properly Organized and 
Stationed at Machias, and that the said Col'o Allan be impowered to ingage 
in Service as many Indians as he Can and upon such an Establishment as 
shaW be adequate to their service — * 

And further on April 17, 1778, it was 

Resolv'd that the Council be and hereby are Directed to write a Letter to 
Congress, Inclosing all the Letters Colo'l Allan hath wrote to this Court, 
Together with his Accounts as agent to the Eastern Indians, acquainting them 
with what they have advanced Said Allan & Desire that they would take 
some proper order respecting his further Supply,' — 

In his letters and communications to the Indians he invariably 
addressed them as brothers and his communications breathed a 
spirit of affection and sympathy. 

In a communication to the Council Oct. 8, 1778, he reports that 
having been so urgently solicited by the Penobscot tribe to visit 
them that he had acceded to their request and describes the meeting 
as follows : 

'lb. p. 205. 
•lb. p. 363- 


On the /th Ult'a 4 Canoes & Eight Men arrived, with a Message from the 
Chiefs, Sachems & Young Men, requesting my immediate attendance, Accord- 
ingly on the nth I set off thro' the Lakes & in five days reached Penob^cutt 
Old Town, where the general Part of the Tribe was then assembled. 

I immediatel}- Assembled them, & held a Conference, which continued with 
short Intermission 4 days, — their Complaints were Great, & Many produced 
Several Instances wherein they were Treated very III. I will Just ^lention 
what they said in the first Speech After my Arrival.^" 


Brother We have met Together and with one Heart & Voice Salute 
you and Welcome you to our Village — Very Glad & rejoiced to see you 
in health, hoping that God will Preserve it, — what 1 speak to you now is 
the Voice of all the Indians of Penobscutt, In Token of which I Deliver you 
these Two strings of Wampum. 

Brother We are Glad & Thank you for what you said to us Yesterday. 
Our Complaints are Great & a long Time we wanted to make it Known 
to some person. 

Brother By Repeated Promises from our Brothers of the Massachusetts 
we had a right to have a Truck House on this River, where we Coud go 
to get what we Wanted, But we find to the Contrary. No more is ever 
fent for us, but what Two or Three Common Hunters Can take up, & 
that of the most inferior Sort. If any Larger Quantity is sent us, it must 
be Disposed to Others than Indians. 

Brother Having no governments Truck House you may Easily Conceive 
the Miserable Situation of Indians. You Know we are not like the White 
people to Manage our Affairs, perticularly when Liquor is in our way, — 
when we Care not for the Most Valuable Part of our Interest, if we Can 
Git Rum, — 

By Which if we Possess ever so great a Property, by our own Conduct we 
become Miserable. 

Brother We was in Hopes when we Acknowledged, ourselves Americans, 
Owned them as Brothers, that the White People on this River would have 
Taken some Notice of us, & not Admitted any person whatever to Take 
Advantage of our Unhappy Disposition. But to our Great Misfortune wc 
find great Numbers of them who Trys all they Can to hurt us, — will nor 
only Cheat us but will Steal from us. This Tribe has Taken last Winter 
above 2500 Moose Skins, besides a great Quantity of beaver & other 
Furrs, — it is gone from us, & we have not a Sufficiency that will secure 
our familys till Winter. 

You may see Sir what we have, — which we Call upon God as Witness is 
Truth. Our Men & Women are made Drunk & after they take all from us 
will Kick us out of Doors. 

"•lb. Vol. 16, p. 100. 

"One of the most noted and renowned Sagamores or Chiefs of the 
Penobscot tribe of Indians and from whom the town of Orono in Penob- 
scot County, Maine, derives its name. 


Brother The English here are of many minds, and we have been Con- 
tinually Tossed to & fro, with different Xews. Many Torys are among 
us, who are often Teling us about the Goodness of the King of England. 
A great many who Tells us things on Both Sides to git Money, — & we 
^e them willing to Act any way so they gete Money, — & some are Amari- 
cans. We Indians are ver>' unhappy, & must Acknowledge by the Be- 
havour of the White people we Disagree among ourselves & often Times 
Know not which side to Take, — but all this Time we are Miserable our- 

Brother The White People on this River, have Come & Settled Down 
upon the Lands which was granted us. We have Warned them of, But 
they say they Dispise us, and Treat us with Language only fit for Dogs. 
This Treatment we did not Expect from Americans, — Perticularly when 
the General Court of this State Granted the Land to us themselves. We 
Expect they will Keep good & Support their Promise. 

Brother You say you have no Authority from the Great Congress re- 
specting us, — only a Military Command from the General Court at Boston. 
But being glad to See 3'ou & Satisfy'd with what has been done with our 
Brothers the Marisheete Tribe, we Desire & Expect you will be our friend, 
& tell all these things we mention to that Authority that will hear our 
Destress & Grant us releaf. Otherwise we must do as well as we Can, — 
and Trust to that Great God who has hitherto preserved us & pray that 
his Good Council may be given, — that we may be Directed to Proaire 
Satisfaction for the abuse given our Injured Familys. 

Brother We mind what you say about our being Expiditnous, we win 
delay No Time, — But as we must have many Councils among ourselves, & 
Wanting to have Much Talk with you,— We Expect you will not think of 
returning this five Days. 

Brother God Bless you. — farewell till we see you again. 

The result was an urgent appeal to Massachusetts Colony by 
Colonel Allan for aid in behalf of these Indians. 
He said in part: 

This is the greavences of these people in General, — dur- 
ing my stay we had many familiar Conferences Public &: Private. I In- 
quired & Examined into the Pefticulars sett forth by them, — and found 
that their Complaints were but to Just & True, & Such as must reflect 
the greatest Dishonour on many persons settled on that River, — I was an 
Eye Witness myself to some of the most Diabolical Proceedings, but tho't 
it most prudent not to Take any further Notice, till this was Communi- 
cated to the Honble Board. The Laws made Prohibiting the Trade is 
Treated with Contempt, & such freedoms are taken & Justiss so Stagnated 
in the Eastern Parts, that it Appears almost impossible to prosecute those 
culprets to conviction. 

This also appears in the same communication : 

I shall Communicate the perticulars to Congress as it Is the Indiand 
Earnest desire, & Trust that all will Cast an Eye of Pity on these Poor 
Wretches, that Justess may be done them, & be better taken care of for the 



In the fall of 1780, the British Indian agent made an unusual 
effort to induce the Indians to forsake the Americans and unite 
with their army. For a long period no supplies from Boston had 
reached Machias for the Indians and it seemed as though a famine 
would ensue. After many futile attempts to awaken the Council 
to the perils of the Eastern countr\-, which appeared to Colonel 
Allan so 'imminent, he decided that it was necessary for him to go 
to Boston and have a personal interview with the authorities in 
order to secure the necessary aid. When the Indians were informed 
of his intention to leave them for this purpose, they feared that he 
might never return and refused their consent and demanded some 
security for the fulfillment of his promises. 

It was finally arranged that he should leave his two oldest sons, 
Mark and William, in the hands of the Indians as hostages. Kidder* 
remarking upon this says : 

It would be difficult to furrash a more trying case than this, or one 
that showed a stronger devotion to the cause, and of fidelity to his adopted 
country. The boys were great favorites with the Indians; they learned 
their language and always had an attachment to them, and in after life 
aided them in various ways. The writer has often heard the old Indians 
speak of their living with the tribe, and particularly about John, who 
always resided r.ot far from their homes. 

Colonel Allan's home 
and headquarters was at 
Machias until the close 
of the war. In July, 
1783, he visited Boston 
and resigned his posi- 
tion. In 1784 he re- 
turned to Maine and 
entered upon mercantile 
business on what was 
afterwards known as 
Allan's Island." 

In two years he closed 
his business and retired 
at Lubec Mills, where he 
resided until his death, 
February 7, 1805. In i860 a monument was erected over his grave 
which is on the Island that bears his name." 

Burial place of Colonel Allan on Treat's 
Island, (also known as Allan's Island and 
Ehidley Island), and which is one of the most 
beautiful spots in Passamaquoddy Bay and 
may be seen by passengers on the Ferry Boats 
plying between Eastport and Lubec. 

"Kidder, p. 17. 

"Also known as Dudley's Island and Treat's Island. 

"History of Machias, Drisko, p. 354. 


In 1780 he sent a farewell address to the Indians as follows : 


MACHIAS, April i-j, 1780. 
To the Penobscot, MarisJinte, Madenxtscozv, all the rest of the St. John, 
Passamaquoddy, Mick-macks and all others, friends and brothers 
to America and the French Nation: 
Brothers — Peace attend you with the Blessings of the Great God to 
rest on you and family's — My joy is for your good health and prosperity — 
open your eyes, ears and hearts — Hear and attend to what I say — I salute 
you with a loving heart. String of Wampum, 

Brothers — I see you have become much scattered and divided ; that Good 
Council for your Safety cannot be procured without being more together 
ind knowing one another's minds. 

Brothers — The opportunity will be very advantageous and safe for you 
to get together: — The supplies and troops ordered to this Country for its 
defense and your Safety by America and France, will prevent the enemie;* 
01 our Country from molesting us in our important business. 

Brothers — I do therefore now by this belt of Wampum in the name of 
the good people of the U. S. of America, and bj- the duty and affection due 
your Ancient Father, the King of France, by virtue of the Treaty of 
Friendship settled and confirmed between these two Nations, Summon and 
require you to meet me in Grand Council, to be held at Passamaquoddy, 
as soon as possible after the 28th day of May, and for you to give me 
notice and inform me thereof. 

Brothers — If you think of your Safety and that of your wives and chil- 
dren, you will not neglect this on any account Whatever, 
Farewell till I see you. 

Continental Agent and Cont'd in Chief of Indians, Eastern Dep't. 

Among the family papers is a letter to the two sons from their 
father when they were sojourning with the Indians, and is dated 
"Fort Gates, Machias, May 21, 1782." 

The following is an extract from it : 

Be very kind to the Indians & take particular notice of Nicholas, 
Francis Joseph and Old Coucouguash. I send you your books, papers, pen 
& ink, wafers, & some other little things : shall send more in two or three 
days. Let me entreat you my dear children to be careful of your com- 
pany & manners, be moral, sober and discreet Duly observe 

your Duty to the Almighty, morning & night. Mind strictly the Sabbatfi 
Day, not to have cither work or play except necessit}- compels you. T 
pray God to bless you my dear boys. 

The British were very bitter against Colonel Allan and for years 
a reward of one hundred pounds was set upon his head. They 
repeatedly made attempts to incite the Indians to take his life and 
offered them bribes to do so." 


Once a secret attack was made upon him in Machias by a hostile 
Indian from HaHfax and his life was then saved by one of his own 
watchful and friendly Indians. At another time he was set upon 
by British Indians while traveling on skates on the Schoodic Lakes 
but escaped without injur}'. 

He was a patriot intensely devoted to the cause of his adopted 
country and is entitled, as we have previously remarked herein, to 
much more recognition and renown than has yet been awarded 

Kidder in speaking of the real achievements of Colonel Allan 
remarks : 

For, looking at the condition of the territory east of the Penobscot, and 
the sparse and feeble settlements along its seaboard, we can see that had 
the four tribes of Indians done what the British government earnestly 
wished, and would have aided them to do, they could have united and 
destroyed, or driven away every inhabitant east of the Penobscot. This 
Colonel Allan foresaw, and to prevent it, made a long journey to report 
these facts to Congress, and Gen. Washington. They saw the danger, and 
that Col. Allan was the man ,to wield the necessary influence with the 
Indians, and so control them, as to make them our friends, and often to 
aid in defending our people. Without this aid it is most likely that Machias, 
our eastern outpost, must have been abandoned. 

Had this place been given up, it would have been an abandonment of the 
whole territory, and must have disastrously affected the settlement of 
our eastern outpost, must have been abandoned. 

his papers show. It is now generally conceded that our present boundary 
was fixed mainly on the ground of occupation, and had we not been able 
to hold it, we cannot say what river in Maine would now divide us from 
a British province. 

Judge Jones, who resided a long period at Machias, and who 
well knew the history of Eastern Maine, stated in 1820: 

That it was an immense advantage to the inhabitants eastward of the 
Penobscot that the great majority of the Passamaquoddy & St. John Indians 
joined with us instead of adhering to the enemy, for had they been against 
us, and been set on by the Britash to plunder our towns and settlements, 
the whole population must have been destroyed. Great credit is due the 
Indians for their rigid adherence to our cause, although at times the 
commissary's department was destitute of provisions and clothing for them. 

Although a positive character, with an iron will and unswerving 
determination. Colonel Allan was also possessed of a kindly and 
gentle disposition and was a man of intelligence, culture and intel- 
lectual attainments. 


Through the courtesy of Mr. Robert W. Sawyer of Bangor, 
Maine, the writer has been privileged to peruse an exceedingl> 
interesting journal kept by Mary Yeaton" of Portsmouth, N- H., 
while visiting relatives in Eastport, Maine, and vicinity, during the 
summer of 1801. The first entr\^ in her journal is under date of 
June 7, and the last one was made October 5, of that year. 

She was the daughter of Hopley and Comfort (Marshall) Yeaton 
of Portsmouth, and a young lady of culture and education. Her 
father was an officer in the American Navy under President Wash- 
ington. \Miile in Eastport she associated with the best society 
there and frequently mentions Colonel Allan and members of his 
. The following are some of her references to them: 

i8or. June 8. Slept late this morning. In the forenoon domestic affairs 
took my attention. Soon as dinner was over I went to Colonel Allan's, 
accompanied by George. Samuel went a part of the way. Our visit 
was very agreeable. We worked, talked, sang and waltzed. Had an 
agreeable walk home. 

" June 13. This afternoon I expect Miss Allan" here to spend a few 
days. I promise myself a large share of intellectual enjoyment. She 
is an accomplished person, sensible and pensive, a daughter of sensi- 

** June 15. Saturday aftrenoon Miss Allan came as I expected. At 
dark we walked. I know not how to account for our attachment to 
each other, but I am sure I can speak my every thought to her, and 
she is equally unreserved with me. 

" June 25. This evening I returned from Colonel Allan's. I am 
charmed with the society of this family. Isabell presented me with 
Watt's poems, 'tis a favorite book of mine. I shall prize it on account 
of its merits and as a proof of Miss Allan's regard. 

" July 10. In the evening George took the black boy with him in 
the float, and I stepped in and away we went to Colonel Allan's. It 
was a charming starry evening, the water was very smooth. My mind 
was at ease. I sang all the while I was on the water and thought of 
Western friends." Colonel Allan met us on the beach. Spent a social 
hour with them. 

"Mar>' Yeaton married William Sawyer of Wakefield, X. H., a lawyer, 
and a graduate of Harvard College. Their children were : William J., 
Mary, George Y., Charles Haven and Augusta. Charles Haven Sawyer's 
children were the late Charles Haven Sawyer, Jr., Robert Sawyer and Mrs. 
Charles P. Stetson of Bangor, Maine. 

"Isabell Allan, daughter of Colonel Allan. John Allan married Mary Pat- 
ton; their children were William, b. 1768; Mark, b. 1770: John, b. 1771 ; 
Isabella, b. 1773; George Washington, b. 1776; Horatio Gates, b. 1779; Ann 
and Elizabeth, twins, b. 1787; Winckworth, b. 1788; -\nnie died in infancy. 



1801. July 15. Yesterday I rose in good season, went to quilting. In 
the afternoon my mother, Samuel and I went to Colonel Allan's. A 
charming, pleasant afternoon, social and friendly. 

** July 19. Yesterday forenoon I was ironing. Soon after dinner 
Colonel Allan and Isabell Allan came in. I was quite gratified at their 
coming. The amiable Isabell tarried with us 'till afternoon. 

*'' July 21. I drank tea at Colonel Allan's. A rational, pleasing visit. 
The Colonel and his daughter accompanied me a great part of the 
way home. 

" July ^. Yesterday the day was foggy. I was very sick. At six 
o'clock P. M., Mr. Delesdernier and Mary Ann came in. Soon after, 
to my great joy Colonel Allan and Isabell. 

" August 4. In the afternoon was favored with a visit from Hliza 
Allan. This raised my spirits. She was so good as to stay all night. 
We had a social evening, sang, worked, etc. 

*■ August 7. Yesterday afternoon Isabell visited us. I was in hopes 
she would spend the night here. Colonel Allan joined us at the tea 
table, and they left us just after sunset. 

" August II. Agreeably to mj' intention, I spent yesterday at Colonel 
Allan's. An agreeable visit. 

*' August 19. Yesterday my mind was peaceful and serene. Read- 
ing and needlework engrossed my attentions. In the afternoon Colonel 
Allan visited us, handed me a billet from Isabell containing a paper 
in which are some of the Colonel's observatdons (on History of Charles 
V) which I have to puruse. 

*" September 23. Yesterday forenoon I was employed in house affars. 
At twelve I wentt to Colonel Allan's accompanied by George in a boat. 
At two Isabell, Miss Leverett and myself set out for Dudley's Island. 
It was very windy and we had an unpleasant time, and Mrs. Allan 
was from home. This disappointment greatly disconcerted us. How- 
ever, Mr. Allan entertained us very agreeably. Miss Allan did the 
honors of the tea table and we soon got over our fatigues and anxieties. 
I sang and Mr. Allan played on the flute. Just after sunset Mrs. Allen 
returned, accompanied by Colonel Crain and his lady, and a son, a Mr. 
C. and his lady. Soon after my brother George joined us and a very 
pleasant evening we passed. Young Mr. Crain played on the violin, 
Mr. A. the finte. We danced, sang, etc. One of the most agreeable visits 
I have made since I have been in this place. Some of our conversa- 
tion was serious and sentimental, some sprightly and entertaining. 

" September 28. When preparing to return to Portsmouth, in writing 
of the Allan family, she .says : They are much interested for me. 
Mrs. Allan has sent me some new butter for sea stores. How much 
this amiable family added to my enjoyment. 

The last journal kept or writing of any importance made bv 
Colonel Allan was commenced November 20, 1804, about three 
months before his death. This journal written by his own hand is 


now in possession of one of his descendants, Honorable William 
Rice Allan of Dennysville, Maine, and is as follows : 

November 20th, Tuesday. A beautiful summer like morning, wind S. W. 
I cannot but reflect upon beginning this Journal, and ask the question, 
How long shall I be able to continue it? Feelings are such about me that 
indicates some latent infirmities which speaks that something is approach- 
ing, which should warn us to be ready. Gates came up for letters. He 
set off for the Post Office with the following — A Packet for Don McLaugh- 
lin inclosing letters to Mr. Pyke — To brother Winch & my son — A letter 
to Judge Jones respecting Mrs. Rumney not taking up her certificate — A 
letter to Mr. Delesdernier. Once more urging him to pay attention to 
Close the Committee business — which I have often done, but he will neg- 
lect for his pleasure every Publick business he can — Wrote to Post Office of 
deficiency of Chronacle of the 22d Oct. & two Centinels which ought to 

have been in on the 6th of November The conduct of Mr. 

Delesdernier about every publick business, is as surprising as Problamatical, 
although allowing for his indolence and carelessness — it is near a month 
since we met (26 Oct.) — he was to go to B — a day or two — then proceed 
to settle Owen's business, so as to proceed on others — He goes and stays 
a week part of the time at St. Andrews — I waited impatiently for him — 
people Calling upon me for Certificates — the plan not returned — 'myself 
deprived of going abroad for my health on this Oct. — 

— On Friday the i6th. Nov. he at last makes his appearance having bid up 
a Xova Scoria preacher about 3 P. M.. and was then returning to bring up 
his wife, for Evening lecture, a most unpaValleled project — It seems he had 
done nothing whatever about Owens affair — nor had he been at his office 
this fortnight leaving the whole business to Weston, in making returns, 
etc. — He promised that he would remain in this neighborhood the night & 
duely attend Committee on Saturday (ne.xt day) but have never seen him 
since — 'A behavior so eccentrick, & otherways extraordinary, is discourag- 

— November 21 : Wednesday. — Again a Spring like morning, foggy & 
lowry-wind southerly, sun soon broke forth, very pleasant — Thank God, I 
feel much better this morning — The Captain began putting boards on school 
house yesterday morning, though prepared sometime before, had put on 
a board or two it was to have been done before the 13th. 

Wrote Joseph Livermore, that the Certificate for the lands laid out in S. 
Bay, is not yet taken up — It has been Cloudy. Expected falling weather, 
but Cleared away very fine. 

— My situation has become melancholy and Critical — Accustomed either 
to an active life or when infirm to retire to study — A Gloom now seemingly 
leading to despondency hangs over me and nothing appears necessary but 
sentimental Company, but I am not only deprived of that, but even of the 
Common sort, for I have no friend that calls to see me, except there is 
some business which operate? differently — 

About sundown Upton Came from M. T-land who brought my Centinel 

& New Hampshire Gazette but no Chronacle nor an Oracle 

— November 22: Thursday. — Again a very fine day indeed, light air & 
wind from W. to S. W. — felt very uneasy in the morning, but was soon 


Ramsdell & Reynolds — to know about running the West head of Quady — 
The curious business was both laughable & contemptable, for the business 
had all been arranged before, & I expected it was executed — I made known 
the particulars to Gushing who immediately proceeded with Hallowell for 
the purpose — I took a ride middle day, which helped me much — Soon after 
dinner preparing to go out again when who should arrive but Mr. Deles- 
dernier — thus I am sported with — it seems he has been two days assisting 
as a neighbor (as he says) in settling some disputes, it is well known» 
he rather would be mixed with vulgar matters than persue his proper 
line of duty — The papers he brought, done by Weston, were erroneous, 
so that we had to go over them again, so we passed the afternoon, without 
any of the other members attendnng — Mr. Ramsdell called — Gates came 
up — all well below. 

— November 23d. : Friday — Again a most beautiful day like summer — 
to my anxious desire, I got the garden & an extra piece plowed. — The 
Committee met pretty early, & Entered spiritedly on business, more than 
I had seen for sometime, only observing part looking on & nodding, while 
others were busy, upon the whole a considerable of importance was dont, 
particularly the plan of the 4th division Completed, & the Certificates, for 
those Admitted were signed — all parted with good humor. 

— At last the long look for. The Cutter arrived. Capt. Yeaton Came up 
in his boat fore part of the day, unwell — left George at Portsmouth last 
Sunday — The appearance as yet is. that the Republican ticket prevails in 
Massa. & X. Hampshire, which would be a most singular change. — But I 
fear when all votes are come in it will appear otherways — Mr. Upton called 
in — 

— November 24th. : Saturday — Again a fine day but somewhat cold — 
wind X. W. — the past night I was seized very unwell, with short breath. 

This morning Kelly called & brought his son William to pass the winter 
with us — I wrote By K. to Robinsoai about the Land, he has got, & getting 
his Certificate, as we heard of his meaning to impose upon Mr. Cooper. — 
Gates came up, so sat off for Machias about his deeds. I wrote Mr. Harris. 
on the subject — At work getting in wood. Took a small ride before dinner 
& afternoon. Road around by Mr. Ramsdells & Reynolds, St home by 
Marks — The weather still extraordinary fine. 

— 25th. Sunday — Again the same delightful weather — Another fit upon me 
early this morning — Mark set up with me — the gloom over me at this time 
of night has an extraordinary effect on me — so as to augment & increase 
the spasm. — I took a ride to the Majors at low water — Afternoon, rode round 
by Ramsdells & Marks — low spirits in the morning, though surrounded with 
the most dearest & agreeable Companions. Mr. Delesdernier called just at 
dusk for plan of 24th division to arrange Owens business wnth Gushing, who 
is with him. 

— Xovember 26th. Monday — Another beautiful morning and thank my 
God feel comfortable for me — I set up in a chair all night until just before 
day. Poor Isabella insisted upon sitting with me — I must have slept com- 
fortable — Rode out morning & afternoon — William came up in the evening. 
Concluded to speak to Doc. Green about my situation. Mark is out with 
him for the purpose — A very warm day Appearance of a Change. 


— 27th. Tuesday — A dull cloudy day with some light sprinkLing of rain — 
Doctor Green being luckily up here attending Miss Bruce. Word was sent 
me — I had a fit of short breathing — The doctor bled me & I put myself 
into his care — the day gloomy & unpleasant, & my mind the same. — Prac- 
tice wholly sleeping in the chair — no lying with ease, I give it up. Weather 
clearing up in the morning, as usual of late — Had all my letters & papers 
by mail & lots from — A Wonder of Wonders. The Republican Ticket 
Prevails. — It is most astonishing the Aristocrats has now outwitted them- 
selves — the train laid for the Republicans has blowed themselves up, so 
may the case be with all deceivers — ]\Ir. Hollowell who brt. the papers was 
much elated — 

— November 2Sth. Wednesday — Gloomy & down spirited, some consider- 
able distress in breathing — happy to see Gates return well, it enlivens a 
little, but very low & unwell in the morning — The weather Clear & Cool — 
wind W. N. W. fine breeze, looking out strongly for George — ^White sailed 
in the morning. 

— 29th. Thursday — Thanksgiving day — Wind N. W. — clear weather at 
times — Only Alice from the Island & the family at dinner — Myself very 
infirm — Called >Tr. & Mrs. Upton — Major & others — disagreeable feelings 
this evening in Body & mind. 

— November 30th. Friday an Ugly lowry day, so unpleasant feelings, 
sent for the Doctor, and to my great surprise & joy Doctor Calef came 
with him, so kind, so friendly, so Christian like may myself or family never 
forget a grateful sence — They examined me &: from their hints & observa- 
tions it appeared my situation was critical — I was to forward & to much 
elated on seeing them, in my distress, for in the evening had a most 
violent & alarming fit of the Asthma, soon after applied a blister — very 
unwell — 

— December ist. Saturday — Another fit early this morning. Mr. Upton & 
Mark set up — reduced very weak & am much alarmed — Blister raised well. 
— William came up, appears very much distressed, which hurts my feel- 
ings — fine weather. 

— 2nd. Sunday. More comfortable last night — This day called the Doctor. 
Mr. & Mrs. Gilmore & ^^r. & Mrs. Shead— Much better, but fluttered by 
Company & too much talk. — William went home — Gates came up — fine 
weather, looking out anxiously for George — 

— 3d. Monday — Wind very fresh last night at N. W. — felt uneasy about 
George. Saw a Schooner lying aground at Bells place M. Island, when lo ! 
who should make his appearance but George, whose vessel it was, which by 
the inattention of the helmman fell in there. Wind blew in squalls, tore 
their sails, came to anchor & went ashore — Gates went up & brot. her 
down — feel a little more comfortable — having also by Geo. heard of Winch. 

— December 4th. Tuesday. Unloading the Schooner today, disappointed 
in not getting word to the Doctor — very fine weather. 

— 5th. Wednesday — George went to M. Island. Doctor came up, he says 
little about me, but appears very studious & attentive. Had a. considerable 
touch of the gout since last night which increases — this evening took the 
mattress on the floor — plagued with insipid creatures calling asking frivi- 
lous questions — Rec'd. papers &: a letter from Gov, Dearborn. 


— 6th. Thursday. C. Reynolds set up last night. Observed same news 
in the paper from Niagara which gave distress — suspicious that poor Coch- 
ran has perished — not very comfortable. 

— Dec, 7th. Friday — A fine day. All the men gone to the Island — Mr. 
Chryste called & spent most of the day — the Committee out upon roads this 
two days — boys at home in the evening. 

— 8th. Saturday — Very gloomy & disagreeable — Major & Mr. Hollowell 
called in the evening — Wrote the Doct. by Mr. Chryste this morning. 

— 9th. Sunday, fine day. set up in a chair pretty well — Billy came up 
&■ Alice — Dr. Barret — Delesdernier & several others called — all coming at 

His son Mark, who is referred to in this Journal, was one of his 
sons that he had once placed in the hands of the Indians as host- 
ages as security to them that he would fulfill his promises herein 
referred to. 

In the picturesque little village of Dennysville, Maine, reside 
two of the grandsons of Mark, John D. Allan" and Honorable 
William Rice Allan, both of whom are prominent citizens of Wash- 
ington County, the latter having been chairman of the board of 
selectmen for the past fifteen years and was a member of the Maine 
Senate 1893-4. 

There are others in Dennysville, among them E. B. Allan, Hon- 
orable Herbert H. Allan and I. H. Allan, who are descendants of 
Colonel Allan. There are many of them in that County and other 
parts of New England and they are all staunch and worthy people. 
Among such is Mrs. Daniel Smith of Machias ; the late Eliza Ann 
Mayo, who was the wife of Honorable Josiah B. Mayo of Foxcroft, 
Maine, was of the number. Also among them, which the writer 
knows about as they are subscribers of the Journal, are Mrs. A. P. 
Tukey of Omaha, Nebraska, Mrs. A. J. Rich of Belmont, Massa- 
chusettts, and Mrs. H. S. Carhart of Pasadena, California. 

The genealog}' of the Allan family as compiled by Drisko^ is as 
follows : 

John Allan m. ^lary Patton ; children : William, bom in 1768, Mark^ 
1770, John, 1771, Isabella, 1773, Geo. W., 1776, Horatio Gates, 1779, Anna, 
Elizabeth, Twins, an 1787, Annie died in infancy, Winckworth, 1788. 

Horatio Gates Allan of John m. Alice Crane ; children : Charlotte^ 
Elizabeth, Alice, all unmarried, N. Gates m. Josephine Rollins, one child, 
Allan G 

Henry D. Allan, grandson of John, m. Catharine J. Morong; children: 
Alvrah, Susan M., Lizzie, Belle, Sarah. 

"John D. Allan has died since the above was written. 
"Drisko's History of Machias, p. 355. 


Susan m. Daniel W. Smith ; children : Lizzie, Walter, Alice, Harry L., 
Edwina, Eva, Howard, Edith, Daniel, Lizzie, last two died young. 

Walter m. Frances Bruce, Alice m. A. M. Gilpatrick; one child, Harry. 
Harry "m. Mildred Bruce, one child, Susie, Eva m. Edgar S. Chase; one 
child, Frances. 

The story of the white man's supremacy- over the red man in 
North America is a history of a tragedy of cruelty and injustice. 

The Jesuits, from the day that they first landed on the American 
continent full of zeal and enthusiasm to found a new France and to 
convert all of the Indians to the Catholic faith until the hour 
arrived when the last of their missions became obsolete, appeared 
to comprehend the nature of the Indian, treated him kindly, won 
his affection and proved to be a blessing and comfort to him. Others 
who were equally as successful in this regard are few in number 
and occupy but little space on the pages of American history. The 
meed of praise along these lines due to William Penn, John Elliott, 
Jonathan Edwards and a few others is great and should never be 
overlooked by any writer upon this subject, and the name of Colonel 
John Allan belongs in this galaxy of just men. His unceasing faith- 
fulness to their cause and his kindness to them w^on their everlasting 
love and respect. 

Only a short time before his death he visited the Passamaquoddy 
tribe for the last time and placed in their keeping his farewell mes- 
sage in writing to them, the original treaties which he had caused 
to be made with Massacliusetts in their behalf, and letters relative 
to the same, and charged them to always preserve them as long as 
the tribe existed. 

On the line of the Washington County railroad, only a few miles 
from Eastport, is Pleasant Point, an attractive spot on the shore of 
St. Croix river and a part of the town of Perr^', which is the Indian 
reservation, and where the fading remnant of this tribe is cared 
for by the State of Maine, the Sisters of Mercy and the Catholic 

It is well named for it is truly a pleasant and lovely spot. On a 
beautiful morning during one of the charming first days of Sep- 
tember, 1914, the writer visited Pleasant Point where he called on 
the Sisters in whose charge are the Indians and the children of the 
tribe and who care for them with assiduity and tenderness. He also 
had the pleasure of meeting there the Rev. Fr. Ahern of Eastport, 
who devotes much time to the improvement and advancement of 
these Indians. 


The tribe has ever since the farewell visit made it by Colonel 
Allan treasured the papers and documents which he left with them 
and whenever a new Governor of the tribe is elected the retiring 
Governor places them in his charge to be by him cherished and pre- 
served and passed over to his successor in office. And along with 
this little tribal archive is also handed down through the generations 
tlie story of their great benefactor and the profound love that their 
fathers had for him. 

Among the references to Colonel Allan, not otherwise referred to 
herein, appear the following in the Documentary^ History of Maine, 
(Baxter Mss) Vol. 19: 

An extended letter from Colonel Allan to the General Court of 
Massachusetts, urging the necessity of more supplies and ammu- 
nition for the Indians. Pp. 18-23. 

Letter from Colonel Allan to same dated "Indian Eastern Depart- 
ment, Machias, November 2d, 1780," of similar import. Pp. 24-32. 

A grant by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts to Colonel Allan, 
pp. 50-51 as follows: 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Nov'r 24, 1780 

Resolved that there be paid out of the public Treasury of this Common- 
wealth to Colo John Allan Superintendent of the Indians in the Eastern 
parts of this Commonwealth, the Sum of one Hundred forty six Pounds 
three shillings and seven pence (New Emission) in full of the Ballance of 
his accounts to the first Day of June 1780 as certified by the Committee 
for methodizing & settling accounts A 

Sent up for Concurrence 
In Senate Xov'r 24th 1780 

Read & concurred with an Amendment at A viz at A insert said Sum 
to be charged to the United States 

Sent down for concurrence 
Approv'd JER POWELL Presid't 

John Hancock Warrant drawn 

27 Nov'b 1780 
In the House of Representatives Nov'r 25: 1780 

Read & concurred with the proposed amendment 


Report of the Committee on Colonel Allan's requests for aid for 
the Indians, which are acted upon favorably. Pp. 51-52. 

Further action by General Court of Massachusetts on Allan's cor- 
respondence. Pp. 60-61. 

Letter of 'Colonel Allan dated '"Machias, December 15, 1780," in 
reference to a conference with the Indians. Pp. 65-66. 


Action on Petition of James Avery and Colonel Allan. Pp. 67-68. 
The Commonwealth of Mass'tts 

In Council Decemb. 20't 1780 

Advised that the Board of War be and they hereby are directed to 
deliver M'r James Avery Agent to Col'o John Allan Commander in the 
Eastern Department, thirty Blankets twenty Stand of Arms, five hundred 
W. of Powder three hundred W. of Musquet Balls, five hundred W. of 
Shot, One Hh'd New England Rum and three Months Rations for fifty 
Men for the Supply of the Garrison and its Dependences agreeable to a 
Resolve of the General Court of the 29 November last — he to be Account- 
able for the aforesaid Articles. 


Letter Colonel Allan to President Powell. Pp. 105-112. 

Memorial of Colonel Allan. Pp. 122-124. ; 

Resolve on Memorial of Colonel Allan. Pp. 152-154. 

Resignation of James Avery as Lieutenant under Colonel Allan. 
P. 167. 

Resolve of Council. Pp. 252-254. 

Letter Colonel Allan to Governor Hancock, May 9, 1781. Pp. 

Letter of Colonel Allan dated Machias, June 16, 1781, relating to 
Indian affairs. Pp. 283-288. 

Petitions of Chief Orino and Action thereon. Pp. 298-301. 

Advice by Council in favor of Rev. Father Frederick DeBourger, 
a Missionary among the Eastern Tribes of Indians. P. 320. 

Form of Certificate given Soldiers for Bounty, by order of Colonel 
Allan. P. 342. 

Letter Colonel Allan to the Governor and Council, March 17, 1781. 

Pp- 355-356. 

Resolve in re Petition of James Aver}- in Behalf of Colonel Allan. 
Pp. 367-368. 

Memorial of Colonel Allan in re Liquidation of Debts. Pp. 370- 

Colonel Allan to the Governor, dated March 8, 1782. Pp. 436-439. 

Petition of Colonel Allan. Pp. 439-440. 

Memorial of Lewis Fred'k DeLesdemier to the Governor and 
Council in Behalf of Colonel Allan and the Indian interests. Pp. 

Also the following from Vol. 20 : 

Resolve on Petition of Colonel Allan. Pp. 8-9. 

Memorial of Lewis Fred'k DeLesdemier, relating to'his appoint- 
ment as Agent and Secretary to Colonel Allan and other Indian 
Affairs. Pp. 25-27. 


Colonel Allan to the Governor. Pp. 28-30. 

Colonel Allan to the Governor, July i, 1782. Pp. 53-55. 

Memorial of Soldiers to Colonel Allan, August 22, 1782. Pp. 


Colonel Allan to Richard D^vens, Esq. Pp. 74-75. 

Colonel Allan to the Governor, August 2^, 1782. Pp. 76-79. 

Resolve on Petition of Colonel Allan. Pp. 111-112. 

Petition by Inhabitants of Machias Plantation and Action thereon 
by the Council in which is a statement that Colonel Allan and family 
had removed to Passamaquoddy. Pp. 133-135. 

Letters from Colonel Allan to Governor Hancock. Pp. 21^-222. 

Petition of Colonel Allan for Land in Passamaquoddy. Pp. 351- 

The lawyers in Augusta in 1826 were: Henry W. Fuller, Reuel 
WiUiams, William Emmons, John Potter and Daniel Williams. 

The lyceums in Maine in the early days, long since obsolete, were 
in their time of great benefit to the communities in advancing edu- 
cational and literary interests. 

The Gardiner Lyceum was incorporated by an Act of the Legis- 
lature in 1822, for the purpose of giving "to Farmers and Mechanics, 
such a scientific education, as would enable them to become skilful 
in their professions." 

Its Board of Trustees were Robert H. Gardiner, President; 
George Evans, Secretary and Nathan Weston, William King, San- 
ford Kingsbery, Ariel Mann, James Bridge, Frederic Allen, John 

The officers of the Maine Medical Society elected September 2, 
1823, were: 

Luther Carey, President; Ariel Mann, ist Vice President; Isachar 
Snell, 2d Vice President ; James McKean, Corresponding Secre- 
tary; Benjamin D. Bartlett, Rec. Secretary and Jonathan Page, 
Treasurer and Librarian. 

It also had a board of "Censors" as follows : Ariel Mann, Isachar 
Snell, Isaac Lincoln, Timothy Lincoln, Samuel Emerson, Benjamin 
D. Bartlett and Abiel Hall. 


Old Plans at the Massachusetts 
State House of Lands in Maine 

(Wayfarer's Notes) 

The legislature of 1891 appropriated $1,200 to be expended in 
copying old plans of land in Maine, now in the Massachusetts 
archives. The late Major James H. Cochrane of Augusta, was 
selected to do the work. 

The plans of towns in Maine surveyed under the act of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts, dated June 26, 1794, were all tiled in 
the office of the secretary of State of ^lassachusetts. After the 
separation of 1820, Maine obtained from Massachusetts numerous 
original plans of wild lands and unorganized townships, perhaps 
all except those of which the mother state retained ownership, and 
also some years later attested copies of the latter were obtained, at 
considerable expense to the State. But the carefully drawn surveys 
of these old and settled towns were withheld by Massachusetts as 
treasures too precious to part with, and forming as they do a part 
of the historic records of the commonwealth they could not be sur- 
rendered to Maine. There were 130 of these original surveys of 
towns which he copied, nearly all made in 1794-95. 

Major Cochrane made two copies of these surveys and plans, one 
for the state and one for the county in which the land is located. 
The following are the names of counties, towns and surveyors: 

Hancock County — Blue Hill, Mount Desert and Penobscot sur- 
veyed by John Peters ; Bucksport, Osgood Carleton ; Deer Island, 
John Peters, Jr., Sullivan, A. Crabtree; Newton ( ?) John Peters 
and Sam; Gouldsboro, Sedgwick, Orland, Osgood Carleton. 

Knox, Camden, Cushing and Friendship, James Malcom ; Thomas- 
ton, Malcom and Copeland ; Vinalhaven, Union, Eben Jennison ; 
Warren, Rufus B. Copeland. 

Penobscot — Bangor, Elisha \\'arren ; Garland, Osgood Carleton ; 
Hampden, Orrington, Lewis Carter. 

Penobscot and Piscataquis — 10 townships to found college, Os- 
good Carleton, Samuel Warren ; Prospect, Robert Houston. 

Washington — Harrington, Wm. Tupper : ^Machias, Wm. Chal- 
oner; Steuben, Osgood Carleton. 

Waldo — Belfast, Alexander Clark; Frankfort, Eliashib Delano. 

After the above was accomplished. Wayfarer suggested further 
search for old plans, and through an old employe at the Boston 
state house, Major Cochrane found over 300 other old plans of 


Dr. Crowell Clarington Hall 

Dr. Crowell Clarington Hall died at his home in Dover, Maine, 
October 19, 1914. 

Dr. Hall was born in St. Albans, Maine, November 16, 1853, the 
son of Aretas and Anne S. (White) Hall. 

He began life's struggle as a poor boy and by his own personal 
exertions acquired a liberal education. He lirst attended the public 
schools in his native town, then Foxcroft Academy and the Maine 
Central Institute at Pittsfield. He became a student of the Medical 
school at Portland, then at Bowdoin College and was graduated 
from Dartmouth in 1876, beginning practice in the village of Monson 
in Piscataquis county that same year. He resided in Monson twelve 
years, moving to Dover in 1888. While in Monson he had served 
on the school board and was one of the trustees of Monson Academy. 
He was also a trustee of Foxcroft Academy at the time of his 
death and had served in that capacity for many years. 

He was active in political matters, always affiliating with the 
Republican party. 

He was treasurer of Piscataquis county for four years and repre- 
sented the Dover class in the Maine House of Representatives two 

While he was one of the successful practitioners of medicine and 
surgery in Eastern Maine, his activities were not confined to his 
profession, as he was connected with many business and industrial 
enterprises. He was naturally a financier and displayed much ability 
and sagacity along these lines. 

In Alonson he had been an owner in a drug store, and while a 
citizen of Dover was largely identified with the industrial life there. 

He was one of the organizers of the Kineo National Bank and 
was a director until its liquidation, when he became a trustee of the 
Kineo Trust Company and was its President at the time of his 

He was for several years President of the Dover and Foxcroft 
Light and Heat Company, and was quite a large owner of timber- 
hnds in Northern Maine. 

He was a man of positive traits of character, of unc^uestioned 
integrity and had much influence in all public affairs, and was invari- 
ably on the side of progress in all town and county matters. 

He was a member of the Masonic Fraternity and was a 32d degree 
mason, a member of St. John's Commandery and a Past Fligh Priest 


of Piscataquis Royal Arch Chapter. He was also a member of the 
I. O. O. F., being a member of Kineo Lodge and Eldorado Encamp- 
ment. He was one of the charter members of Onaway Lodge in 
Monson, Maine, and one of its early Noble Grands. He was also a 
member of the Piscataquis Club of Dover and Foxcroft. 

Dr. Hall married Miss Lizzie E. Dexter of Dover, in May, 1876. 
Mrs. Hall survives, also three children; Robert E. Hall, of the la\v 
firm of Guernsey and Hall, Dover ; Dr. Crowell C. Hall, Jr., of 
Foxcroft and Miss Marjorie Hall of Dover. 

Funeral services were held at his late residence .in Dover, October 
21, conducted by Rev. George A. Merrill of Taunton, Mass., a 
former pastor of the Foxcroft-Dover Congregational church, where 
the Doctor had always been an attendant. 

In the death of Dr. Hall the community loses a good and upright 
citizen, and the orders with which he was affiliated, a good and 
worthy member. 

In 1826 what is now the city of Portland, Maine, was then a 
town and its Selectmen were Isaac Adams, Chairman, the other 
members of the board being Joshua Richardson, Robert Ilsley, Ben- 
jamin Ilsley and John Williams. It had four banks, viz : The 
Cumberland and Merchants in Exchange street, and the Bank of 
Portland and the Casco Bank in Middle street. 

The first Academies in Maine were incorporated in Portland, 
February, 1784, and Hallowell, ]March 1791 ; South Berwick, March, 
1791 ; Fryeburg, February 9, 1792; and Machias, March, 1792. 

The Collectors of Customs for the ports of Maine in 1826 were: 
Isaac Ilsley, Portland and Falmouth; Daniel Granger, Saco; 
George Wheelwright, Kennebunk ; Thomas Savage, York ; Stephen 
Thatcher, Passamaquoddy ; Samuel A. Morse, Machias; Edward 
S. Jarvqs, Frenchman's Bay ; Daniel Lane, Belfast ; Denny McCabb, 
Waldoborough ; Francis Cook, Wiscasset; J. B. Swanton, Bath. 

In 1826 Mame had three Indian Agents, Samuel Hussey of Port- 
land, Samuel Call of Bangor and Peter Goulding of Perry. 


Society of Mayflower Descendants 
in the State of Maine 

The thirteenth annual meeting held at Riverton Casino, Novem- 
ber 21 St, 1914, the 294th anniversary of the signing of the Compact 
in the Cabin of the Mayflower in Provincetown harbor. 


Governor— AVGUSTl^E Si:\LMOXS, North Anson. 
Deputy Governor— FHILIF FOSTER TURNER, Portland. 
Captain— HIRAM WESTON RICKER, South Poland. 
Elder— R^V. JOHN CARROLL PERKINS, D. D., Portland. 
Secretary— HARLAN BARZILLAI TURNER, Portland. 
Historian— WILLIAM TRUE COUSENS, Portland. 
Surgeon— RHILIR PRESCOTT LEWIS, M. D., Gorham. 



Frank L. Dingley of Auburn, Editor of the Lewiston Journal, 
was the principal post prandial speaker, his subject being "Pilgrim 

Archie Lee Talbot of Lewiston, Deputy Governor General of the 
General Society of ^Mayflower Descendants, called attention to the 
unmarked site of the Pilgrim Trading Post at ancient Koussinoc, 
now in the city of Augusta, the capital af Maine, and offered the 
following resolutions which were unanimously adopted. 

Resolved — That the Maine Society of Mayflower Descendants in annual 
meeting assembled hereby declare that in the view of its members, the 
Pilgrim Trading Post at ancient Koussinoc, so vital to the success of the 
early founders of New England, is worthy to be remembered in a more 
fitting and substantial way. 

Resolved — That the Legislature be requested to appropriate a sufficient 
sum for a suitable monument on this historic site, to be erected under the 
auspices of the Maine Society of Mayflower Descendants. 

The proprietors of the Pejepscot Purchase were: Thomas 
Hutchinson, Esq. of Boston; John Wentworth, Esq. of Portsmouth, 
and Adam Winthrop, John Watts, David Jeffries, Stephen Minot, 
Oliver Noyes and John Ruck each described as Gents and all of 
P.oston, in equal 8th parts. 


John F. Lamb 

John F. Lamb died at his home in Livennore Falls, Maine, Decem- 
ber 3, 1914. He was born in Clinton, Maine, in 1843. 

He was a soldier in the Civil War, having first enlisted in Com- 
pany B, 13th Maine Regiment, when eighteen years of age. 

Ever since that great patriotic organization of America, known 
as the Grand Army of the Republic, was first established he was 
one of its most active and loyal members in the State of Maine and 
was one of its recent department commanders, having retired from 
that office in June last past. 

He was a trustee of the Military and Naval Orphan Asylum, a 
State Institution located at Bath, Maine, at the time of his death. 
He had been favored by his fellow citizens with official honors and 
positions of trust. 

He had been a member of the Maine Legislature and was Sheriff 
of Androscoggin County four years, 1888- 1892. 

He was a man of intelligence and progressive instincts as a citi- 
zen, and like many such in Maine, was interested in its state history ; 
was one of the first to subscribe for the Journal and wrote us occa- 
sional words of encouragement and approval of our work. 

The Maine Historical Society was incorporated by an Act passed 
by the Maine Legislature in 1822. 

Its first officers were: Albion K. Parris, President; Edward Rus- 
sell, Corresponding Secretary ; Benjamin Hasey, Recording Secre- 
tary ; Prentiss Mellen, Treasurer ; Edward Payson, Librarian and 
Cabinet Keeper. 

This day of winter dark and drear, 
The dearest bird of all the year 
Comes freely to my window here 

With gleeful song that gladdens me. 
Summer and winter, spring and fall, 
I hear his cheery, merry call, 
And O, I love him best of all, 

My friendly little chickadee. 

Anna Bovnton Averill. 


Wilmot L. Estabrooke 

The following beautiful lines were from the pen of Prof. William 
Smith Knowlton of Alonson, Maine, upon the death of the late 
Wilmot L. Estabrooke of Monson, who was for many years the 
popular Superintendent and Conductor on the Monson Railroad, a 
short line that connects Alonson village with the Bangor and xA.roos- 
took Railroad. 

He died in Monson, August 2.2, 1904, and this was written by 
suggestion of Bangor Division, 403, Order Railway Conductors of 
which the deceased was a member, under the title of "Wilmot L. 
Estabrooke, Promoted." 


Brothers lament! His last run is made. 

The red light shone bright on the track; 
With the speed of the wind he made the last grade. 

And the train will never come back. 

-That heart that beat so kindly for all. 

In the casket lies silent today, 
Bedewed are the flowers, the crepe and the pall 
As they bear it sadly away. 

That kindly "All right" we shall hear nevermore; 

That smile shall nevermore see, 
Till we enter the train for the evergreen shore 

And meet by the Jasper sea. 

"All aboard" will soon be the message to all, 

CXir "p^ss" will be countersigned through; 
God grant we be ready, whenever the call, 
With a heart as faithful and true. 

Sing a song of paper; first the tall, straight spruce, 

Torn from off the mountains for the roaring presses' use. 

A shrieking laceration by the "barker" and the saw ; 

A slow, grim maceration in the grinder's grumbling maw; 

A dizzy dash through calenders and over whirring rolls, 

And the press can smut the paper so's to save or damn your souls ; 

The press has got the paper, it can give you lies or facts 

That vexes not the fellow up in Maine who swings the axe. 

Holman Day. 



Entered as second class matter at the post office, Dover, Maine, by John 
Francis Sprague, Editor and Publisher. 

Terms: For all numbers issued during- the year, including an index and al\ 
special issues, $1.00. Single copies, 25 cents. Bound volumes of same, $1.75. 

Bound volumes of Vol. I, $2.50. Vol. I (icound) will be furnished to new sub- 
scribers to the Journal for $2.00. 

Postage prepaid on all items. 

'We must look a little into that process of Jiation-making 
which has been going on since prehistoric ages and is going 
on here among us today, and from tJie recorded experience 
of men in times long past we may gather lessons of infinite 
value for ourselves and for our children's children." 


To Our Friends 

This issue completes the second Volume of the Journal. 

Some of the greatest political and social movements in the pro- 
gress of the world's civilization have eminated from obscure events 
and small beginnings. The prophet Zachariah was wise in his day 
when he exclaimed "For who hath despised the day of small 
things'." If each small beginning had always evolved into great and 
important events then the future success of the Journal would be 
assured beyond peradventure for its beginning was diminutive 
enough to fully comply with such a rule. Its advance has, however, 
already far exceeded what we in the first instance dared hope for, 
and for this good fortune we desire to acknowledge to our many 
friends and patrons our profound thanks. And yet we would 
not have you infer that its growth has been so vigorous or that its 
virility is such that it does not still need assistance and support 
from all who appreciate it and who are in accord with the work 
which it is attempting to do. 

The long Colonial period when New France, for nearly one hun- 
dred and fifty years, was struggling for supremacy over what is 
now the State of Maine, the time while it was dominated by the 
Massachusetts Colony, and the lurid days of its devastating Indian 

*Zachariah IV- lo. 



wars, are all full of romance and mystery and constitute a fertile and 
fascinating field for historical research; and later its progress as a 
sovereign state of the American Union, is worthy of the profound 
attention of the student of history'. 

One of the primal aims of the Journal is an endeavor to stimulate 
in the public mind a deeper love for, and a more intimate knowledge 
of, the early beginnings and beginners of the State of Maine ; for we 
believe that such knowledge engenders among the people of the 
state a greater pride for and a more devout interest in everything 
pertaining to its welfare. 

To accomplish this we shall strive to present such facts in a 
plain and simple manner that may inform, attract and interest those 
of our readers who are not themselves familiar with them and who 
have generally regarded early State history as "very dry reading." 

Our opinion is that historians have too frequently written "over 
the heads" of the average man and woman who are two busily 
engaged in their daily vocations and avocations to give these subjects 
much attention. Such writings are of inestimable value to the his- 
torical student but do not satisfy fully the needs of a much larger 
class of readers. 

Notes and Fragments 

Disasters, do the best we can, 
Will reach both great and small ; 

And he is oft the wisest 
Who is not wise at all. 


The Journal acknowledges its thanks to Congressmen McGilli- 
cuddy and Guernsey for valuable public documents. 

Among the Maine towns, which celebrated their Centennial Anni- 
versary in the year 1914, was the town of Hiram whose one hun- 
dredth birthday occurred February 2'j, 1914. 


' Ex-Congressman Samuel \V. Gould of Skowhegan is a native of 
this town and delivered the historical address at the time of its 
observance which occurred in xVugust of that year. This address 
was able, interesting and a valuable addition to Maine town history. 

Samuel Lane Boardman, whose recent death has been widely 
noticed by the press of New England, was known as a journalist 
and agricultural authority for many years. He had been assistant 
editor of the ''County Gentlemen" in Albany, New York, and was 
for seventeen years editor of the ''Maine Farmer" and for a long 
time editor-in-chief of the "Bangor Commercial," He was an enter- 
taining writer upon many topics and varied subjects. During his 
entire life he took a deep interest in all Maine historical subjects. 

He was born in Bloomfield, Maine, March 30, 1836, and died in 
Augusta, Maine, October 15, 1914. 

The 80th Anniversary of the Bangor House as a Maine Hotel 
and the 25th Anniversary of Captain Chapman*s proprietorship of 
il occurred October 30, 1914. 

The event was celebrated by an elaborate banquet with music, 
speeches, etc. This is one of the most famous hostelries in New 
England, and was opened to the public in 1834. The proprietors 
have been : 

Martin S. Wood, 1834-37. 

Moses Woodard, 1837-47. 

Samuel Farrar, 1847-49. 

Moncena Dunn, 1849-51. 

John W. Garnsey, 1851-53. 

Abram Woodard, 1853-56. 

George W. Larrabee, 1856-62. 

Orin M. Shaw, 1862-77. 

Harrison Baker, 1877-78. 

Flavius O. Beal, 1878-89. 

Horace C. Chapman, 1889-95. 

H. C. Chapman & Son, 1895-1914. 

Its old registers disclose the names of many famous men who 
have been entertained as guests therein. Among such were Daniel 
Webster, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Presidents Grant, Arthur, Mc- 
Kinley, Roosevelt and Taft. And other people of note like Colonel 


Robert G. IngersoU, Helen Keller, x\dmiral Peary, Secretary of 
State Br>an and many others. 

Honorable Rodney C. Penney, who has been a subscriber to the 
Journal from its beginning, died at his home in Bangor, Maine, 
April 28, 1914. 

Mr. Penney was bom in East Eddington, Maine, Nov. 11, 1853. 
For many years he was manager of the slate quarries, owned and 
operated by the Monson, Maine Slate Company. In 1896 he moved 
to Bangor and was for several years manager of the Hinckley and 
Eger^' Company, now the Union Iron Works, and was also one of 
the promoters of the Penobscot Machiner)' Company. At the time 
of his death he was, and had been for some time past, the Maine 
representative of the Dodge Company. 

He was a member of the Masonic bodies and a 32d degree Mason, 
and was also an Odd Fellow and belonged to the Elks and the Royal 
Arcanum. He represented Piscataquis county in the Maine Senate 

He was a man of sterling qualities, an able business man and a 
progressive and public spirited citizen. 

On page 109, Vol. 2, of the Journal, in the Sangerville Centennial 
number, reference is made to two of the early settlers of that town, 
Isaiah and William Knowlton. Inadvertently the name of one of 
the descendants of the latter. Honorable Fred W. Knowlton of Old 
Town, was omitted. Mr. Knowlton is one of the prominent lawyers 
of Maine and Judge of the Old Town Municipal Court. 

Proper reference to the Thompson family of Sangerville was also 
omitted in the sketch above referred to. 

James Thompson was also one of the early settlers of Sangerville. 
He was born June 21, 1801, in Buckfield, Maine, and died in Dover, 
Maine, March 8, 1874. He settled in the town of Sangerville in 
1826 and remained there until 1850. He was a descendant in the 
eighth generation from James Thompson, who was born in England, 
^'n 1593- He was the father of the late Honorable Elbridge Augus- 
tus Thompson. 


One of the Thompsons, Edward, came over in the Mayflower, in 

Freeland D. Thompson of Sangerville, a well known citizen of 
that town carr>'ing on the business of farming on quite a large scale 
and Dr. E. J. Thompson of Lynn, Mass., are each of this Thompson 

The mother of the Honorable Frank E. Guernsey, member of 
Congress from the 4th Congressional District of Maine, was Hannah 
Thompson, born in Sangerville, April 20, 1833. She first married 
A. M. Foss of Charleston, and second, Edward H. Guernsey, son of 
Deacon Samuel Guernsey of Bangor, Maine. 

The Journal acknowledged its thanks to the Portland Society of 
Natural History for its latest Volume of Proceedings of the Society, 
being Vol. 3, Part i, and containing 198 pages. It is devoted mainly 
to an able and exhaustive paper on "Fishes of Maine," by William 
Converse Kendall, Scientific Assistant U. S. Bureau of Fisheries. 
It i5 a scientific essay upon this important subject and a most valu- 
able addition to the natural history of Maine. 

In James Sullivan's History of the Penobscot Indians, published 
in the Massachusetts Historical Society Collections, (1804) Vol. 9, 
P. 217, he says of the Penobscot aboriginals : 

"But our Penobscot Indians were men of elegant nature and 
agreeable fonn ; tall as the Europeans commonly are, and much 
better proportioned. In war and hunting, full of strength, vigor 
and agility. To this were added a component degree of intelligence 
for savage life, a due proportion of courage, and the same kind 
of low address which has been found in all the American savages." 

Sayings of Subscribers 

Honorable Plenry Lord of Bangor, Maine, President of the 
Bangor Historical Society : 

*T hear frequently words of approval and commendation spoken 
for *Sprague's Journal of Maine History,' all of which it deserves." 


Mr. K. W. Sutherland, Saco, Maine: 

"The Journal is worth three times the money. I think I am 
robbing you in not paying more." 

Rev. George W. Hinckley of Hinckley, Maine, the founder and 
(general Supervisor of that noble institution, the Good Will Farm 
Association : 

"You say that history is 'ever impartial,' but I am not an impartial 
reader of your historical magazine, because I have always opened 
it much as I would open a lettter from a personal friend, and I have 
an impression that you open the Good Will Record in very much 
the same way." 

Mr. Patrick H. Dunn of Brewer, Maine : 

"I have been informed that on the Piscataquis river, somewhere 
between Milo and Howland on a hill, I presume the one now known 
as Bunker Hill, there was established there at some early date a 
small colony from Ireland who were all members of the Roman 
Catholic Church. It is said they built their log cabins and reared a 
nide structure used as a chapel where the first mass was celebrated. 
They had a parish priest who visited the Indian tribes on the islands 
from Old Town to Mattawamkeag. Among the families who set- 
tled there was one by the name of Wall. One of the descendants 
of this 'family afterwards became a wealthy clothing manufacturer 
in Bangor. All that is to be found now of this attempt at finding 
a town are the remains of deserted cellars where the old log houses 
have fallen and decayed. These may be seen now but they are 
hidden by great trees which have grown up since that time." 

*T write you this hoping that you may be able to ascertain the 
facts and publish them in what I regard as your excellent and 
valuable historical publication." 

Honorable Ruel Robinson of Camden, Maine, a Maine historian 
of repute and author of "History of Camden and Rockport" : 

"I want to express my appreciation of the excellence of your 
publication and to say that I have enjoyed very much each number 
as it has come along. The Journal is adding very interesting and 
important matter to the Histor\' of Maine." 


Honorable E. M. Johnston, Brownville, Maine, member of the 
Maine Board of State Assessors: 

"My Greetings to the Journal for a Merry Xmas and a Happy 
New Year. It is exceedingly interesting and instructive and enjoyed 
by myself and family very much." 

Mr. Eugene M. Edwards of Portland, for many years past one 
of the well and favorably known commercial travelers of Maine, 
a book lover, an appreciative student of the best literature and 
deeply interested in the work of the Journal, writes from Franklin, 
New Hampshire : 

"I have just returned from a visit to Webster's birthplace and 
later to Elms Farm. The day has been beautiful, clear and mild 
with October's sunshine falling like a golden mist on hill and valley, 
softening the aspect of the peaks and domes in the (apparently 
nearby) distance. 

"Webster's birthplace about three and one-half miles from this 
hotel, is off the main line to Concord and reached over roads running 
through second growth, by abandoned farms with apple trees ming- 
ling strangely with oak saplings while now and then a spared mon- 
arch of earlier days rises proud and scornful above its fellows. 

"At the home of his birth there are shown a few household relics, 
of course not important as associated with Webster's youth, as 
he moved from there when between two and three years of age. 

"The house at Elms Farm is now used in connection with The 
Children's Home and here Dr. Gardner has many interesting things 
to show visitors that call. I wanted to locate the ground where 
Daniel defended his first client and where his father sitting as judge 
said after listening to the respective arguments of Zeke and Daniel, 
*Zeke, Zeke, you let that woodchuck go." 

"I was shown by the doctor's daughter the approximate spot, but 
the railroad running across the >'ard seemed as great an anachronism 
as the phonograph in the room where Daniel used to sit by the fire 
(fireplace still preserved) or looked out upon the smoothly rolling 
acres of Elms Farm." 

Frank L. Dingley, Editor-in-Chief of the Lewiston Journal: 
"I read Sprague's Journal with regularity and attention and we 
refer to it frequently. I regard it as a valuable publication and of 
much interest to all interested in the State of Maine." 


271-^ rx 

Hon, E. B. Weeks, Old Town, Maine : 

"I find many things in your Journal which are valuable and of 
great interest to me." 


Mr. Frank L. Dingley, 14 Lisbon street, Lewiston, Maine, desires 
information regarding the genealogy or any historical facts relating 
to the Garcelons, the Lamberts and the McKenneys, and the Gree- 
leys of which family Ebenezer S. Greeley of Dover, Maine, was a 

Mrs. Frank Daley, 297 Forest Ave., Bangor, Maine, desires 
information relating to the ancestry and family history of Leonard 
Thomas, who lives in Presque Isle, Maine, and who has had brothers 

in Augusta and Gardiner. 

New Mount Kineo House and Annex 

/V\oosohe>acl LaRe^, Kineo, /V\alne^ 

In the Centre of the Great Wilderness on a Peninsula Under the 
Shadow of Mount Kineo 

On the east side of the most beautiful lake in New Eng-land, forty- 
miles long and twenty miles wide, dotted with islands, and with hundreds 
of smaller lakes and streams in easy proximity, in the midst of some of the 
grandest scenery in America, is the 


recently rem(xJeled and with many improvements added; makin? it second to none for 
comfort, convenience and recreation. 

It IS a Palace in the Maine woods and in the heart of the arreat same region. 

This rejrion leads all others for trout and salmon. Spring and Summer fishingr. 

The NEW MOUNT KINEO HOUSE opens June 27, remaining 
open to September 28th. New Annex opens May 16, closes Sept. 28 


containing full description of its attractions for health and pleasure during the Summer 
season. First-class transportation facilities offered during the seasons. 

Ricker Hotel Company, Kineo, Maine, 

INDEX I^Ij^.^^^ 




I. H., 

Isabel 1, 




Abbot, Edmund, 







Colonel John, 




attacks on his life. 


John S., 




Abbot's History 

of Maine 


diary of, 250, 




Abbot, first settler in. 


farewell address to Indians 



(the Moose Horn sign at. 


grant of money to. 


Abnakis Indians 


leaves his sons as hostages 

Academies, first 

in Maine, 


with Indians, 


Academy, Bath, 


letter to sons. 




oath of allegiance of. 





order for delivery of 


Blue Hill, 


plies to. 




proclamation of. in resell- 



ing liquor to Indians, 




report of trip to Penobscot 








sketch of life. 




Mrs. John, 




imprisonmenit of. 





John D., 




















Susan M.. 





Wflliam, 233. 2M, 






William R.. 










Allan's Island, 




Allen, Gen. Elisha, 








Lieut. J. A., 


New Salem, 


President, of Bowdoin Coll., 




William H., 





Almanac, Carleton's, 




Alvord, President, 




Anabroise, Indian, 





American Academy of Arts and 







Historical Association, 





Navigator, The, 


Adams, Enoch. 

109. 123. IM. 


Revolution, Sons of, 




Wars. Society of. 


the U. S., Gov 




Ames, Nancy F., 


Ahem, Rev. Fr., 




Allan, Alice, 


Phineas, 106, 128. 




Allan G., 







Amherst, Gen. Jeffry, 





Anderson, Surg. H., 




Annapolis, N. S.. 




App^eton, Frederick H., 







George W., 



Arcadians, French, 


Hon. Herbert 



Arithmetic, Carleton's, 


Henry D., 


Arnold, Gen. (Benedict), 


Horatio G.. 



Aroostook War Documents 




Arthur, President, 
Arximsunkhungan Island, 
Atkinson, Theodore, 
Atwood, S. F., 
Aug-usta hnprint, 

lawyers in, in 1S26, 
AuUck, F. H., 
Averlll, Anna Boyruton, 

Miss M. E., 
Avery, James, 
Ayer, Dr. Moses, 

Sarah E., 

Wm, O., Jr., 
Ayers, Esther, 





149, 166 

146, 22S 


Babson, Eunice, 84 

Backwoods Sketches, 118 

Bagaxiuce, derivation and mean- 

185, 223. 

25, 93. 


Bailey, Jeremiah, 

Bainbridge, Commodore, 
Baker, Harrison, 

"Baker of Madawaska." Poem 
Baldwin, Col. Laommia, 

Town of, 

first marriage In, 
first school in, 
Ba;i. Frank W.. 

Comroercial, The, 

Daily News, The, 

early school record of. 

Historical Magazine. 

Hlstoricail Society, 

House, Proprietors of. 


Light Artillery, 

occupation of, by British, 

Pufblic Library, 

Theological Seminary. 
Bank, first in Maine, 
Barbadoes, Island of, 
Bar Harbor Times. The, 
Barnes, Capt. William, 
Barret, Dr.. 
Barrie, Capt.. 
Barrows. Harrison, G. O., 
Bartlett, Benjamin D., 

Elder Daniel. 

Rev. E. M., 
Bass. Hon. Joseph P., 
Bassett, Hon. NormaA L., 
Bastide. Gt-n. John Henry, 
Bates, James. 

53. 100 




, 27 




































Bath, 215, 

Battle of Enterprise and Boxer, 
aged Seaman's account of, 
geography of, 
location of, 

of Hampden, The, 
"Bati..e of Lovell's Pond," poem, 
Battlefield of Hampden, The, 
Bay ley, Ccl. Jacob, 
Bay Verte, 
Beal, Fla^-ius. O., 

Bearce, Joseph, 196, 198, 

Belfast, 186, 

Bernard, Francis, 


petition of, 
Berwick Academy, 18, 

Beyer, George W., 
Biard, Father Pater, 
Biddeford, 207, 

Bingham, William, purchases, 
Binmey, Jonathan, 
Blackford. Mrs. Jeanette H., 
Blake, Charles, 

Gen. John. 185, 187, 

Capt. Solomon, 
Blanchard, Charles, proprietor 
of Blanchard, 


Edward P., 89, 

J. H., 

town of, 
church at, 
Blanding, Edward M.. 
Bliss, Charles E., 

Bloomfield, town of, 225, 

Blue Hill Academy, 
Blythe, Capt. (Samuel), 
Board man, Samuel L., 93, 220. 

Booksellers, Past and Present. 
Boothby, Hon. Frederic E.. 
Boston Globe. The, 
Boutelle, Hon. Charles A., 
Bowden, (Bowdoin) James. 
Bowdoin College, 20, 22, 23. 210, 

Boyd, Gen. (John P ), 
Brackett, Anthony, 

Bradbur>', John. 

Bradford, Roswell C, 
Bradley, Le%-i, 
Brewer, Cyrus, 
Bridge, James, 
Bridgewater Acadeany, 
Bridgton, town of, 
Brighton Academy, 
Broadbay Plantation, 
Brockway, Cyrus, 






























































Bro-wTi, Arthur, 

Bradis-h B., 


Rev. Edwin C, 


Ueut, George W., 

Stephen P., 
Bruce, Frances, 


Brunswick Ligrht Infantry, 
Brj'an, William J.. 
Buck. Col. Jonathan, 
Buckfield, town of, 
Bulkly, Richard, 
Bunker Hill, batjtle of. 
Burrows, Lieut. (Wm.), 
Bursley, Barnabus. 
Busse'.l, Stephen. 
Butler, John, 
Butman, Capt. Samuel, 
Byles. Anne, 


Calef, Dr., 

Dr. John, 
Ca?l. Samuel, 
Callender, J., 
Campbell, Alex. 

Hon. Anigiis O., 

D. O., 

David R., 122, 131, 

Hon. Samuel X., 
Canaan Academy, 

town of, 
Canal, Middlesex, 
Ciipen, Aaron. 

Gen. Aaron, 


Heno- E., 
C^pens, The, of Deer Island 
Carey. Luther. 
Carhart, Mrs. H. S.. 
Carleton, David, 

Guy, 109. 111. 123. IGO, 




Os^rood, sketch of, 
Carleton's ALmanax?, 


Osgood, maps .>f Maine, 
Carlisle Bay, 
Carpenter, Nathan. 
Carr, Francis. Jr., 

Frank S., 

Fred H., 



















65. 66 










7, 9 




155. 156 












4, 5 

16S, 178 












155. 15S 

H. M.. 

Moses, 121, 131, 139, 

Adj. Thomas, Jr., 

Catholic Settlement. A, 
Centenary of War. 1S12-15, Com- 
bat of Enterprise and Boxer, 
Chamberlain, Capt. Joshua, 

Maj. Joshua, 188, 

Gen. Joshua L., obitaiar>% 
Chaipin, Hon. ALbert W., obituary, 

Capt. Amasa, 


Chapman, Harry J., 

Horace C, 
Chase. Edgar S., 

Frances, - 

Chenerj-, Winthrop L.. 

Winthrop W., 13 

Choate, John, 
Chry ste, Mr. , 
Civil War. The. 
Clark. Coft- Charles A., 

117, 121, 131, 139, 143, 

Col. Charles A., obituary. 


Elizabeth, W. S., 


Josiah, descendants of, 

Re^becca. S., 

Sarah J., 

William G.. 50. 121. 

Cleaves, John, 141. 

Clifford, Jacob, 
Clinton, town of, 
Cobb, Daniel, 

Coburn, Gov. Abner. 
Coohran-e, Maj. James H., 

Jennie M., 
Coit, John. Jr., 
Colburn. Benjamin, 


Jeremiah, 202, 

deposition of, 

Sarah. 202, 

Collier, Sir George. 
Columbia St., Bapti.^t Church. 

Connor, Sam, 

Cook. Francis, 

Cooper, Mi-., 
Corey, Edward W., 
Coton, Father, 
Cotton, Roland. 
CottriLl, Mathew, 
Country- Gentleman, The, 
Cousens, William T., 9, 







13, 49 








13, 14 















Cousin's Islarid, Indian name for. 

River, Indian name for, 
Grafts, Arthur A., 
Crain, Col., 
Crane, Alice, 
Crocker, John R., 
Crooker, Joseph, 
Crosby, John, 

Gen. John, 


S. P.. 
Crosby's Wharf, 
Cumberland, town of, 
Cumanings, E. A.. 
Gushing, Mr., 


Hon. Wainwrig-ht, 
Cutts Island, 


Daley, Mrs. Frank, 
I>ana, Mary, 
Danforth, Charles, 

Mrs. Margaret Clark, 

Dartmouth College, 
Daughters of Am. Rev., 
Davee, Thomas, 
Davis, Caleb, 


Davison, Rev. Charles, 
Day, Holman, 
Day's Academy, 

Academy traot. 
Dean, Rev. Samuel, extracts 

from diary of, 
Deane, John G., 
Dearborn, Gov., 
Dearth, Daniel, 

Freeman D., 

Leonard, 112. 123, 

DeBourger. Rev. Fr. Frederick, 
Decatur, The, 
Deer Is". and, 
Deerfield Academy, 
Deering, Joseph, 

DeGuercheville, Madam Antoi 

DeLesdernier, Frederick L.. 

242. 249, 250, 251. 253 
Dennen, Orrin A., 
Dennysville, town of, 250, 

"Deserted Lumber Camp, The," 

Devens. Richard, 
Dexter. Lizzie E., 
Dill. Hon. Harry P., 


Dingley, Frank L., 

261, 270. 



Dole, Caroline F., 



Nathan Haskell, 



Doten, Elmer A., 



Roswell F., 






Downing, John, 



Draper. J. D., 



Dudley, Eben, 



Dudley Inland. 




Dummer Academy, 



Dunlap, Col., 




Dunn, Moncena, 



Patrick H., 



Duren, Dea. Elanathan F., 

95, 96, 



Durgin, Hon. Martin L., 



Dwight, Dr. Elihu, 



Dyer. Hon. Isaac W., 









, 96 





















77, 78 



185, 245. 

10. 31. 74, 219, 


East, John, 


Baton. Benjamin, 

Hon. George H.. obituary. 

Parker G., 31 

commission of, 

Virgil G., 31, 

EJckstorm. I'annie Hardy, 53, 55, 
Eddy, CoL Jonathan, 203. 235, 236, 
Eden, town of. 
EJdes, Peter 
Ekiin'ourgh Castle, 
Editor, by the. 
Edwards. Eugene M., 

Elliott, John. 
Emerson. Ralph Waldo 

Selections from. 

Dr. Samuel. 
Emery, Col., 

Capt. John, Jr., 


Moses, Jr., 
Emmons, William, 
Enterprise and Boxer, battle of, 
Estabrooke, WKmot L., 
Evans, George, 
Eveleth, Abigail, 


John H., 13, 
















92. 93 

















Fairbanks. George W., 



Caixt. Henr>' N., obituary, 






Fairfield, Gov. John, 

32, 34. 39 



FairgTieve, William, 




Old, in 1749, 


Faneuil Hall, 


Farnham Papers, 

28, 56 

Farnham, William, 

109, 160, 368 

Farrar, Samuel, 


Fellows, Rajinond, 


W. AV., 


Femald. Prof. M. C, 


Flanders, Enos A., 


Flint, Eleazer, 




Ephraim Abishai, 


Capt, John, 


John Cumxnings, 


Flintstovrn, ' 


Fog-g, Joshua. 


Folsom, Elizabeth K., 


Font Cumberland, 

234, 235, 236 










1, 45 

Foss, A. M., 




Foster, Col. Benjamin, 

239, ^0 

letter of, 


Hon. Enoch, obituary, 




Fowler. Joseph, 


Foxcroft Academy, 


Frajningham Academy, 


Freeport, town of, 


Indian name for. 


Freese, Bertha 


French, George W., 




Frenchman's Bay, 


Fryeburg Acaderoy, 

19, 260 

Frost. Oliver, 


Fuller. Henry W., 


Furness. William, 






Holbevt Hallo weia, 54, 

193, 257 

Dr. Sylve^er, 


Garnsey, John "W., 


Gartley, Ida M., 


Gates, Gen., 


Genealogical Society, Maine, 


Officers of 1914, 


George, Maj. Thomaa, 


Capt. Thomas H., 






Indians in Ancient, 


Giddings, Moses, 

Gilley, John, 

Gilmore, Mr. and Mrs., 

Adj. Rufus, 
Gilpa trick, A. M., 

Good Roads in Maine, 
Gooding, James, 
Goodridge, Elijah, 
Goold. Arthur, 
Gorges, Sir Ferdiinando, 
G or ham Academy, 
Goss, Benjamin C, 
Gosselin, Gen. Gerard, 
Gould, Edward K., 

Samuel W., 
Gould ing, Peter. 
Gower, Charles W., 

Corne'lius, N., 

Thomas C, 
Graham, G., -'- ■ 

Granger, Daniel, 
Grant, Col. Andrew,- 

Gray, Se^-all C, 
Great Works, 
Greeley. Ebenezer S., 
Green, Dr., 

Greene. Hon. Benjamin, 
Greenleaf. Moses, 
Greenwood. Alexander, sketch 




Griffith, Admiral Edward 
Grot on Academy, 
Guernsey, Edward H., 

Hon. Frank E., 

Samuel J., 





no, 166 

185, 186 






188, 193 





251, 252 



of, 43 





186, 193 



265, 268 

93, 99 


Halifax, 233, 236, 

Hall, Abiel, 

Anne S. (TVTiite), 


Dr. Crowell C, o/bituary. 

Dr. Crowell C, Jr.. 



Judg^e Oliver G., obituary, 

Robert E., 
Hallo well Academy, 18, 

Hamlin, Dr. A. C, 

Gert. Charles, 15, 


Hon. Hannibal, 15, 

Hammond, Capt. Charles, 
Hamor, Eben M., 

Mt, Desert Papers, the. 





Hampden Academy, 
The Battle af, 
The Battlefield of, 

Hancock, John, 

22, 189 



235. 256 

Hancock County, fees of Bar, 1810, 81 

Land plans, 258 

lawyers in ISIO, 83 

"Hannah Weston."' poem, 86 

Harding^, Simon, 201 

Hardy, Manley, 53 

Harpswell, Indian name for, 41 

Harraseket, 41 

Harris, Mr., 251 

Harrison, town of, 211 

Harv-ey, Everett B., 225 

Hasey, Benjamin, 262 

Haskell, Benjamin, 85 

Mary, 85 

Hatch Tavern, the, 19i 

Hayes, Ira F., 226 

Hayward, Peter, 225 

Hebron Academy 23 

Hennessy, Wilfred, 220 

Hildreth, Henr^- T., 13 

William C, 13 

Hill, S., 7, 9 

I>r. W. Scott, 100 

Hinckley, Rev. George W.. 269 

Hiram, Centennial of. 265 

Historical Events of May 1, 60 

Historical Society, Mass., 9 

Histor>', ga-thering- material for, 221 

in our schools. 40 

Hodsdon, Maj. Gen. Isaac, 32 

Hollo well. Mr.. 250. 252. 253 

Holmes, Herbert E., 74 

Ho<ok, Humphrey, 42 

Hopkins, James D., 44 

House, Maj. Charles J., 33 

Howe, Julia T\'ard, 54 

William, 236 

Howland, town of, 269 

Hudson, Henr\-. 194,201 

Hull, Commodore Isaac, 69, 71 

Hunt, David, 84 

Nathan, 85 

Hunt Genealogy-. 85 

Hunter, Capt. Adam, 29 

Hussey, Samuel, 2C0 

Hutch ins, Col. Jasper, 15 

Hutchinson, Thomas, 89, 261 

names, 41 

treaty, 89 

truck-house at Machias, coun^ 

cil report on, 242 

Indians. AbJiakis, 218 

captivity of Thomas G. Wliit- 

ney among, 213 

In ancient Georgetown, 213 

Mic-Mac, 234 

Passamaquoddy, 247, 254 

Penofoscot, 212, 268 

description of. 268 

St. John, 247 

Tarratines, 218 

Information Wanted, 55, 271 

Ingalls, Lieut. Benjamin, 201 

IngersolU, Robert G., 267 

"Invermary", 234 

Ireland. New, Proposed Province 

of, 219 

Islands in Moosehead Lake, 14 

Isle au Haut, 187 

Jackson, Alden D., 124 

Elizabeth. 43 

George E. B., 15, 90 

Myrick, S., 124 

Sarah, 37 

Jar\-is. EJdward S., 260 

Jeffries, David, 261 

Jenks' Portland Gazette, 8 

Jennings, Samuel, narrative, 42 

Jennison. Daniel. 203 

Jesuit Relations, editions of, 77 
How they came to be writ- 
ten and their Historical 

value, 74 

Jesuits. 2^, 239, 254 

how ithey came to Maine, 78, 79 

Jewett, Edwin, 155 

John. Col. Henry, 186 

Johnson, Lydia, | 5 

M. A., 227 

Johnston. Hon. E. M.. 270 
Jones, Judge Stephen, 25, 54, 87, 247, 250 

Jordan, Fritz H., 67 

Jouvency, Fr. Joseph, 77 

Judkins, Charles A., 15, 16 

Ililsley, Isaac, 88, 260 

Ilsley, Benjamin, 260 

Robert, 260 

Indian Agts. in Maine in 1826, 260 

Ambroi.'^e, 242 

Chief Orono, speech of, 243, 244 


Ka\-anagh, Gov. Edward, sketch 

of, . 37 

James, 37 

Sarah, 37 

Kendall. William C, 268 

Kennebunk, town of, 207, 260 



Kennedy, Charfles, 


Kidder, Frederick, 




KiLmamock, town of. 


Kimball, Benjamin Jr., 



12. 13 

early titles of, 


first hotel at. 


second hotel at. 


Kineo Company, 


!, 14 

Farm Island, 


House, landlords of. 


National Bank 


Trust Company, 


King, William, 


Kingsbury, Sanford, 


Kirk, Alden G., 


Kittery, town of. 


Knowles, Abbie R., 




Knowlton, Ezekiel, 


Judge Fred "W., 






William, 109. 




William Smith. 110, 131, 




Knox, General, 


Knox County land plans, 




liindsey, Stephen D., 58 

Liquor law, early, 115 

Litchfield, Mass., 3 

Little. Lieut. Henry, 185 

Littlefield, Capt., 207 

Livermore Falls, 262 

Livermore, Joseph, 250 

Livingstone, W. F, 224 

Longfellow, Henry W., 36, 64 

Hon. Stephen, 209 

Long TVTiarf, 187, 189, 191, 192 

Lord, Hon. Henr>-, 225, 268 

Loring, B. & J.. 7, 9 

Loulsburg. N. S.,' 4 

Love joy. John J., 223 

Lucy, 48 

"Lovell's Pond, Battle of", poem, 36 
Lovewell. Capt. John, 
Lowell, Stephen, 
Lowney, Walter M., 

Loyola, Ignatius, 
Lubec, town of. 

Lyceum, Gardiner, 
Lyceums in Maine, early 
Lyndeborough, N, H.. 
Lyon. Rev. James, 

leitter of, 


Si 5 

Ladd. William. 

Lafayette, Gen., in Maine, 

George Washington, 
Lamb, John F.. 

Lands, Maine. Owners of when 

Maine became a State. 
Lane, Benjamin, 117, 

Daniel, 92, 93, 

Larrabee, George W., 
La Vasseur, Mons, 
La\^Tence, Amos 
Law>-ers in Hancock County In 

Leathers, Enoch 

Lebroke, Hon. A. G., 15. 

Leicester Academy, 
Le Jeune, Father, 
Leiand genealogy-, 


Walter. 107, 108, 157. 159, 165 

Will E., 
Leverett, Miss. 
Lewis, Lieut. Andrew, 

Phillip p.. 
Lewlston Journal, The, 261, 

Lincoln Academy, 







McCall. Lieut. Edward R., 



McClanathan, Samuel. 


123, 157, 159, 



McClellen. Hugh, 






McCobb. Denny, 



McCreer>-, Lieut. David, 



McDonald, Jerry, 



McGillicuddy. Cong., 



Mclntire. Rufus, 



McKean, James, 


McKinley, Presiden/t, 



McLaughlin, Don, 



McLellan, Bryce. 



Machias, 185, 202, 233. 237, 




240, 245, 








Madawaska Country, 



Maine Central Institute, 



Collectors of Customs In. 1826, 



Constitutional Convention, 



first Academies in. 



first bank in, 



fishes of. 



Genealogica'l Society, 



Gen. Lafayet4te In, 



Historical and Genealogical 





Indian Agts. In, In 1826, 



Lands, Owners of, wiien Maine 

became a State, 
Ldterary and Theological In- 




lyceuma in. 


Map- Makers, 

5. 44 


Z, 44 

P.ans of Lands in. 


Province of. Order for 




Society S. of A. R,, 


State Library- Bulletin, 


Statistical View of. 


Summer Resort Industry, 


Towns, early owners of 




Mann, Ariel, 


Maps, Boston, 


Maine and Mass. authorized 

by legislature. 




Marblehead Academy, 


Marsh, Abigail, 




, 205 







Jdhn, petition of, 


resolve in favor of, 


Jobn H., 


John Jr., owner of Orono 







, 205 








Marsh Island, 



Martin, O. P., 



Sarah Lucas, 


Massachusetts Bay Colony, 


Historical Society, 

9. 29, 


Medical Society, 


Masse, Pr. Enemond, 


Masterson, Nathaniel, 


Mathews, Jonathan, 




Maxim, Ephraim, 


Harriet Stevens, 





Sir Hiram, 50, 55, 103, 104, 117, 




HIrara Percy, 




117, 120, 




Samue:, 117, ; 

120, 122, 


Maxwell. Sir Eustace, 




May 1, Historical events of. 


Mayflower, The. 


Descendants, Maine Society of. 


Resolves of, 


96. 136, 

195, 259. 

Mayn, Province of. 
Mayo, Eliza Ann, 

Josiah B., 15, 

Mechumc Blues, The, 
Medford, town of, 
Mellen, I^rentiss. 
Merrick, John 
Merrill, Rev. George A., 


Paul S., 
Merritt. Prank C, 
Michael's Island, 
Mic-Mac Indians. 
Midd.esex Canal, 
Milbum, town of 
Milford. frigate. 
Milk, James, 
ADllet Genealogy', 

Sarah, ancestry of 
Milliken, Prank, 
Milo, town of, 
Mljton Academy, 
Minot, Stephen, -- . 

town of 
Mitton. Michael, 
Monmouth Academy, 
Monson Academy, 

town of, 

first settler in, 
Monroe, President, 
Montgomery, Hon. Job H.. 
Montville, early plan of. 
Moody Island, 
Moor, Samuel, 
Moore, Abraham, 

Moorehead. Prof 
Moores. Samuel, 
Moosehead Lake, 
Moose Horn Sign at Abbot, the 
Moose Island, 

"Moose Horns, The". i>oem, 
Morong, Catharine J., 
Morrill. H. E., 194, 

Morris. Capt. Chiarles, 187, 

Hon. Charles, 
Morse. Rev. Dr.. 

Samuel A., 
Morton. Henry. 
Mount Desert Island, 

Papers, the Hamor, 
Mount Katahdin, 

Mount Kineo. 12. 

House, dedication of, 14, 

and the Maine Summer Re- 
sort Industry. 
Mudge, Enoch, 
Murray. W. H. H.. 
Mussey, John, 

Warren K., 

12, 14. 98, 194. 































































Nevers, Col. Phineajs, 237 

Newbury, Mass., 3 

Newcomb. Capt Peter, 188 

Newhall, CapL Jaseph, 3 

Stoughton, 155 

iNew Hampshire Gazette, The. 25<J 

New Ireland, Proposed Province 

Newman, John, 
New Salem Academy, 
Nichols, Col., 

Nickerson, E^^astus, 
Nixon, Midshipman, 70 

Norcross, Henry, 197 

Norman, John, 5, 6, 7, 8 

William, 6, 8 

Norridgewock, famous people of, 58 
Norris, Joseph, 13 

North Kastem Boundary Contfo- 




Indian name for, 
Norton, George W., 
Notes and Fragments, 
Notting-ham, N. H., 
Noyes, Oliver, 
Nute Sarah, 

27, 31, 39 




41, 91, 222. 265 



Oak, Henry L., 

Oakes, Abner, 

William P. 

122, 144 
152, 169. 171 
111, 113, 122, 131, 142. 152 
123, 131, 139, 144, 152 
O'Brien. Ve^y Rev. M. C. 94 

Old Falmoutb in 1749, 87 

Old Town, 204, 218, 243, 269 

Oliver, Jane, 




Ordway, Robert, 



Ome\ille, town of. 


Orono, town of. 





Chief Joseph, 



speech of. 





Osborn, Major, 


Osgood. Abigail. 


Otis, Hon. Harris^^n 





Odsfie'.d, town of. 


Outdoor sports and 


development of. 


Packard, Kphraim, 223 

Henry M., 54 

R. K., 91 

Page, Jonathan, 257 

Parkhurst, Hon. Frederick H.. 

Parkman, Francis, 

Parlln, Josiah, 

Parris, Gov. (Albion K.). 206. 210. 

Parsons, John, 


PhJleoman C, 123, 

Hon. Willis E.. 123. 126. 134. 

Passamaquoddy, 234, 239, 246, 257, 

Bay, 233, 

Indians, 247, 

Patten, A. S., 

Am 06, 




Patton, Capt. James. 

Mary. 234, 248, 


Pauper laws, early, 
Payson, Edward 
Peak's Island, 
Pearse. Capt., 
Pearson, Moses, 
Pear>-. Admiral, 

Pejepscot Purchase, proprietors of. 
Peninsular. Mt. Kineo, 
Penn, W^iUiam, 
Penney, Rodney C. 
Penobscot County land plans, 
Penobscot. Indian derivation of 

River. 202. 


Perkins, Rev. John Carroll, 
Perry, town of, 254, 

Petition of John Marsh, 
Phillips Academy. 

Limerick Academy. 
Pierce. Joseph. 

Josiah. * 

Pile, Midshipman, 
Pilgrim Trading Post. 
Pise a ta qua, 

Piscataquis County, 

land plans. 

Historical Society, 33, 191, 

Pitcher's Brook. 
Plaisted, Harris M.. 
Plans of Lands in Maine, 
Pleasant Point, 




















Plummer, Col. Stanley, 

117, 131, 139, 152, 227, 22S 

Plymouth Company 


Poem, "Baker of Madawaska", 


"Battle of Lrovell's Pond", 


"Hannah Weston", 


"Remembrance in 



"The Deserted Lumber Camp 



•*The Moose Horns 



"Wilmot L. Estalbrooke, Pre 








Pond Island, 


Porter, Fort, 






Hon. Joseph W., 

25, 32 

!, 56 

'. 94 







banks In, In 1826. 


Evening Express, 



Gazette, The, 


Lig^t Infantry, 


officers of in 1826, 


Rifle Company, 


Society of Natural 



Portsmouth, N. H., 



Potter, John, 


Powell, Jeremiah, 





Pratt, Thereblah. 


Preble, Jed., 


Presque Isle Normal 



Prince, Hon. Henry 



Pro\'ince of Mayn, 




Pyke, Mr., 



Ramsdell, Mr., 
Rand. Mary Abbot, 
Rangeley Lakes, 
Rawson, Edward, 
Ray, Hon. F. M., 
Reynolds, Mr., 


Roscoe C, 
Rich, Mrs. A. J., 
Richards, Francis, 

George H.. 


Gen. John T., 

Laura E.. 

















Richardson. Joseph, 

Ricker, Edward P., 


Hotel Company, 
Riddle. Major, 
Rider, Capt. Lot, 
RiggB, Thomas, 
Roberts Family reunion, 
Robinson, Hon. Alexander M. 

Hon. Ruel, 
Rogers, Samuel. 
Rollins, Josephine, 
Roosevelt. President, 
Ross, E. G., 
Rowell, Daniel, 

Daniel H., 
Ro^-aJ River, 

Indian name for, 
Royall, William, 
Ruck, John, 
Rumney, Mrs., 
Russell, Edward, 



16, 261 

13, 16 









St, Andrews, 

St. Croix River, 
source of, 

St. John Exi>edition, 

Sampson, Moses H.. 

Sandbar Island, 

Sanborn, Jona. Jr., 

Sanders, H. A., 
Thomas A., 

Sandwich Academy, 

Sanger, Col. Calvin, 

Sangerville, agriculture of. 
Centennial, proceedings of, 
committees of, 
historical address, 

speech of Sir Hiram ilaxlm, 
speech of Hon. Stanley 

Plummer 138 

"Cy Strong's Neighborhood," 118, 132 
Documentary history of, 155-182 

act of incorporation, 157 

county oflficers from, 181 

petition for Incorporation, 155 

record of births in, 164 

record of deaths in, 176 

record of first meeting, 160 

record of first state election, 163 
record of marriages In, 171 

record of second meeting, 162 

taxpayers in 1819, 164 

207, 208, 260 



7, 8 

238, ^iO 






132, 176 













to^Ti officers 1S15-1914. 


warrant for first meeting, 


families in, in 1S09. 


first framed house in. 


first jury list. 


first Justices of the Peace, 


first marriagre in, 


first minister. 


first saw mill. 


first settler in. 


mills at. 


woolen industry of. 


Sargent. Michael, 


Col. Paul Dudley-. 


Sa\'age, Thomas, 


Henry W., 


Rev. Minot, 




Sawtelle, Cullen. 


Sa^Ter, Augusta. 


Charles H-, 


George Y., 








William J., 


Sayings of Subscribers. 53, 99, 

, 226 

, 258 



Schools, History in Our. 




Sewall, Hon. Harold M., 


Shaw, Albert H.. 



Charles D.. 


, 199 

Milton G., 


Orrin M., 


Shea, Dr. John G.. 


Shead. Mr. & Mrs.. 


Shepard, Alexander. 


Shepley, Ether, 


Sherbrooke, Gen. Sir John. 185, 


, 193 

Sherman, W. H., 


Sibley, Capt. Timothy. 


Simmons. Augustine. 








Smith, Alice, 


Bertram L., 




Mra Daniel, 


Daniel W., 





Edgar C, 3 









Judge George H.. obituary. 




Harry L., 




Capt. John, 




Rev. Thx>mas, extracts from 

journ^al of, 
T. H., 55, 

Snell, Isacha, 

Social Compact to Secure Inde- 
pendent Government of 
Wells, Georgeana and Pis- 
Society of American Wars, 
Sons of American Rev.. Maine 
officers of. 1914. 
Souadabscook River, 
South American Pilot, The, 
South Berwick, 
Sprague, John F., 

95, 106, 125. 126, 132, 194, 
Spring, CapL Seth, 208, 

Stanchfield, James Jr., 
Staples, Arthur G., 
Stearns, Judge Louis C, 

Stetson. Mrs. Charles P., 

o. 0.. 

Stevens, Harriet, 

Mrs. Lillian M. N„ 

Ste^-art, Hon. D. D., 100, 

John C, 
Stillman, Maj. George, 
Stone, Thomas T., 
Storer, Ebenezer, 

Straw, David R., 
Strong, Governor, 
Stroudwater, 94, 

Sugar Island, 

Sullivan, Gov. James, of Mass. 
and Maine, 

Gov. John, 
Sullivan's History of Maine, 6, 56, 
Sunkhase Plantation, 
Sutherland, K. W., 

Senator, of Utah, 
Swan, William, 
Swan ton, J. B., 

Switzerland summer resort In- 
































Tabor, John. 
Taft, President, 
Talbot, Archie Lee. 
Talcott, Prof. D. S.. 



9, 229, 261 






Tarratine In<ilans, 218 

Taylior, Eunice, 3 

- Joseph D., 15 

Temiey, John S., 58 
Thaoher, Mrs., 
"Kiatcher, Col. George, 
Thayer, Rev. Henr>- O., 
Thomas, Elias, 



Thompson, Dr. B. J., 268 

Edward, 268 

Hon. Elfbridge A., 15. 132, 139, 267 

Freeland, D., 268 

Hannah, 268 

James, 267 

Thoreau, Henry D., 12, 198 

Thome, Elizabeth, 201 

Thornton, Mrs. Marshal, 208 

Titcomb, Benjamin, 88 

Tithlng-men of New Eng-Iand. Ill 

To Our Friends, 264 

Towns, ^ Maine early land owners 

of, 16-25 

Trafton, Maj. Mark, 189 

Treat's Island, 245 

Trethewey, Mrs. J. E., 213 

True, Jacob, 155 

Mabel L.. poems by, 26, 86, 214 

Trumlbull, Governor, 235 

J. Hamjnond, 100 

Tukey, Mrs. A. P., 253 

Turner, Harlan B., 261 

Phillip F., 9, 261 

Twenty Associates, 43 

T>Ier, Andrew Jr., • 188 

Tyng Col. Eleazer, 3 


Uhner, Charles, 
Upton, Mr., 

250, 261. 252 

Vaill Frederick S., 9, 261 

Vaughan, Dr. Phillip H., 227 

Veazle, Rev. Sa^muel, ordination 

of, 41 

Very Much Alike, 97 

Victory, The, 187 

Vinal, Piiineas, 205 


Wade, Capt. Abner T., 132, 146, 155, 228 

Dea. Eben D., 152 

Nicholas, 147 

Turner, 1^ 

Waite, John, 27 

Walts Island, 27 

Waldo, Gen, Samuel. 92, 230 

Waldo County land plans, 258 

Waldoboro, 92, 230, 260 

Walton, Peter, 88 

War, Aroostook, Documents, 31 
of 1S12, Battle of Enterprise 

and Boxer, 63 

Ward, Hannah, 43 

Ware, Capt. Warren, 188 

Warren Academy, 24 

Washington Academy, 18, 260 

County land plans. 258 

Gen. (George), 233, 235, 239, 247, 248 

Watts, John, 261 

Wayfarer's Notes, 16, 79, 202, 258 

Webber, Prof., 9 

Webster-Ashburton Treaty, 39 

Webster, Ehiniel, 266, 270 

birthplace, 270 

Capt. Daniel, 188 

Henry S., 25, 54 

Weeks, E. B., 271 

Capt. Samuel, 44 

William R., 198 

We:is, town of, 207 

Georgeana and Piscataqua, 

social compact of. 28 

Wentworth, John, 261 

"WesK::ustogo, 41 

Westbrook, 94 

Westecustego River, 218 

Westtern. Fort. 1 

West field Academy, 22 

West ford Academy, 21 

Weston, Hannah, 86 

poem, 86 

Nathan, 257 

Samuel. 225 

We>-mouth, James, 107, 157, 172 

Wheeler, Benjamin, 192 

Wheelwright, George, 260 

VTlnne. Newell, 42 

True Worthy, 13 

WhKehouse. Judge William P., 48 

Whiting, Col. John. 188 

Whitney, Thomas Grace, 213 

WTiittemore, Samuel, 201 

Wiley, Mary, 205 

Wilkins. George H.. 195, 199 

"WIllLams, Augustus, 135 

College, 21 

Daniel, 257 

Israel, 89 

John 260 

Sergt. John, 186 

Owen, 136, 139, 155 

Ruel, 257 

Williamson. Joseph, 219 

Williamson's History- of Maine 29, 64 

Willis, William, 87, 89 

Wilson, Polly, 30 

William A., 13 

President Wood row, 45 

INDEX 285 

Winthrop, Adam, 

Robert C, 
Woburn, Mass. 
Wood, Capt. John, 

Martin S., 
Woodard, Abram, 

Wynian, Henry A., 







Yeaton, Capt., 



Comfort (Marshall), 









extraots from journal of. 

248, 249 


York, town of. 





Fort Western 1 

Carleton's first Map of Maine 2 

Mt- Kineo Hotel, 1914 12 

Mt- Kineo House, lSo5 14 

Fort Halifax 62 

Sii Hiram Maxim 103 

Dumbarton Mill, No. 2 106 

E^och Leajthers 112 

John Francis Sprague 125 

Willis Ellis Parsons 134 

Stanley Plummer 139 

W^iWiam Smith Knowkon 140 

William Pitt Oakes 144 

Capt. Abner Turner Wade 148 

Moses Carr 154 

David R. Campbell 156 

Fred H. Carr 158 

Carr's Sangerville Mills 161 

Walter Leland 177 

Birthplace of Mrs. Lillian M. N. Stevens 183 

Map of Hampden Battlefield 184 

Old Crosby Building, Hampden * 187 

Long Wharf, Hampden 191 

The Old Moose Horn Sign Post 196 

The New Moose Horn Sign Post 197 

Restoration of the Moose Horns 199 

Settler's Land Certificate 232 

Burial-place of Col. John Allan 245 

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•grandest and most lovely sheet of inland water 
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Write us for information. 

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(See next page) 





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OF Maine History 

VOL. Ill 

APRIL I915-APRIL 1916 






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Sprague's Journal of Maine History 



Workers With the Divining Rod 3 Colonial History of Maine .... 32 

Honorable Peter Charles Keegan 1 1 Maine Society, S. A. R 35 

A Famous Lawsuit T5 Stephen Longfellow 36 

Biddeford Cemetery Inscriptions 19 Androscoggin Notes 39 

Elias Dudley and His Corres- Some Early Maine Journalists 41 

pondence i;2 Maine History as a Popular 

William Hutchings 26 Study 44 

Franklin Simmons, the Sculptor 27 Notes and Fragments 46 

The Shepherd Boy of Woolwich 30 Sayings of Subscribers 50 


The residence of the late Calvin Chamberlain, of Foxcroft, 
Maine. The building has been moved and the grounds now form 
a part of the estate of Colonel Edward J. Mayo. 

Sprague's Journal of Maine History 

Vol. Ill MAY, 1915 No. 1 

Workers With the Divining Rod; 

Sometimes Called "Water 


By Edgar C. Smith. 

(A paper read before the Piscataquis Historical Society.) 

In a bulletin recently published under the authority of the United 
States government, by the Department of the Interior, U. S. Geo- 
logical Survey, Water Supply Paper 255, titled Underground Water 
for Farm Use, on page 15, appears the following: 


Numerous mechanical devices have been proposed for detecting the pres- 
ence of underground water, ranging in complexity from the simple forked 
branch of the witch-hazel, peach, or other wood to more or less elaborate 
mechanical and electrical contrivances. Many of the operators of these de- 
vices, especially those who use the home-cut forked branch, are entirely 
honest in the belief that the working of the rod is influenced by agencies — 
usually regarded as electric currents following underground streams of 
water — that are entirely independent of their own bodies, and many unedu- 
cated people have implicit faith in their ability to locate underground water 
in this way. 

The writer then gives the results of his own experiments with the 
rod, and goes on to say : 

No movement of the rod from causes outside of the body could be detected 
and it soon became obvious that the view held by other men of science is 
correct — that the operation of the 'divining rod' is generally due to uncon- 
scious movements of the body or the muscles of the hand. The experiments 
made show that these movements happen most frequently at places where 
the operator's experience has led him to believe that water may be found. 

The uselessness of the divining rod is indicated by the facts that it may be 
worked at will by the operator, that he fails to detect strong water current 
in tunnels and other channels that afford no surface indications of water, 
and that his locations in limestone regions where water flows in well-defined 
channels are no more successful than those dependent on mere guesses. 


The only advantage of employing a water witch, as the 

operator of the divining rod is sometimes called, is that crudely skilled 
services are thus occasionally obtained, since the men so employed, if 
endowed with any natural shrewdness, become through their experience in 
locating wells better observers of the occurrence and movements of ground 
water than the average person. 

It is not my purpose to enter into a controversy with the learned 
author of the foregoing, for I realize that I am poorly equipped, 
and I am aware that, scientifically, the theories and dogmas are 
against me. The statement simply offers a good excuse to present 
a historical sketch of the use of the divining rod in Piscataquis 
county, Maine, and of the men who have been locally famous as 
successful operators. 

Perhaps, before entering upon the historical part of the article, 
it would not be out of place to offer one suggestion or thought that 
the scientists seem never to consider in coming to their conclusions; 
and that is ; that some persons possess a power or sense of which 
other persons are not cognizant of or do not possess. 

The law already recognizes the unreliability of the fixed rules of 
the scientists and of human experience. In Post vs. United States, 
135 Federal, page i, the court say: 

Science has not yet drawn, and probably never will draw, a continuous 
and permanent line between the possible and impossible, the knowable and 
unknowable. Such line may appear to be drawn in one decade, but it is 
removed in the next, and encroaches on what was the domain of the impos- 
sible and unknowable. Advance in the use of electricity, and experiments 
in telepathy, hypnotism and clairvoyance, warn us against dogmatism. The 
experience of the judiciary, as shown by history, should teach tolerance and 
humility, when we recall that the bench once accounted for familiar physi- 
cal and mental conditions by witchcraft, and that, too, at the expense of the 
lives of innocent men and women. 

Those who have studied the sciences must admit that there are 
invisible forces, but vaguely understood, which influence the visible. 
The powers of hypnotism and mental telepathy are now generally 
admitted by all, yet there are but comparatively few who possess 
the abihty to work along the-e lines. Those who have never wit- 
nessed the working of the divining rod in the hands of a successful 
operator, and who have had no personal acquaintance with these 
men, have been altogether too ready to relegate them to the class of 
charlatans and fortune-tellers. 

Any man of science, with his theories and bald statements, would 
make but little nrosrress in convincing the people of Piscataquis 


county that "the uselessness of the divining rod is indicated by the 
fact that it may be worked at will by the operator," or that "he 
fails to detect strong water current in tunnels and other channels," 
because their experience disproves these statements. 

One of the earliest investigators of the merits and demerits of 
the claims of these workers of the divining rod, or water witches, 
was Calvin Chamberlain, late of Foxcroft, Maine, and to his writ- 
ings and investigations on the subject the writer is indebted for much 

Mr. Chamberlain was not an operator himself, and did not pro- 
fess to understand the reasons or explain the cause for the working 
of the rod, but accepted the fact. He was a man of broad culture, 
having acquired a liberal education, and he was a forceful and able 
writer. He wrote much for the press and agricultural publications, 
and was a pioneer advocate for forest preservation and conserva- 
tion, talking, writing and lecturing along these lines when that sci- 
ence was in its infancy. For the many years of his long life he 
was prominent in the educational life of the community, and an 
active worker in all things tending to promote the interests and 
develop Piscataquis county. He was at one time a member of the 
State Board of Agriculture, and, lacking only one year, he was for 
half a centurv' one of the trustees of Foxcroft Academy. 

The first operator of the divining rod who settled in Piscataquis 
county, of whom there is any record, was Royal Day. He came 
from Monson, Mass., in 1820. with those men from that town who 
settled in Monson, Maine, in the part of the township which is 
now Monson village. He made the trip with an ox team, taking 
four weeks for the journey, being delayed one week on the road 
by sickness. He is described as a small, quiet man, possessed of 
the wonderful art of locating water by the use of the rod. He 
became a deacon of the first church organized in Monson and was 
prorninent in the town and church affairs during his lifetime. 

Deacon Day in his later years became expert in locating wells 
and was called to all sections of his county, and made several trips 
to his native state of Massachusetts in the exercise of his art or 
grift. He was one of the few who could not only locate the vein, 
but he would tell at what depth water would be found. 

In 1883, iri speaking of Deacon Day and his work and also of 
other rod operators, Mr. Chamberlain said: 

It is my belief that not a man can here be found, of ordinary intelligence 
and common prudence, who would venture on a well in a hard place without 


a resort to the water-rod. And I can further say, that not a case of disap- 
pointment or failure following its use has yet come to my knowledge. 

This statement from a man of education and prominence, and 
after a careful investigation of the subject covering- a period of over 
thirty years. 

Deacon Day died in Monson, Maine, April 26, 1874, at the age of 
seventy-six years and six months. 

Another prominent ''water witch" who operated in Piscataquis 
county about the middle of the last century, was Elder William F. 
Gallison. He was a Free Will Baptist clerg\-man, ordained in 1840, 
and located in Foxcroft at about that time. He was a missionary or 
itinerant preacher and served many of the churches in this vicinity. 
He, too, was able to fix the depth at which water would be found 
very accurately. 

One of the notable examples of his work is the well located on 
the premises now adorned by the magnificent residence of Col. 
Edward J. Mayo, of Foxcroft. This well was located in 1851. 
Elder Gallison went with his rod, and after going carefully over the 
land, indicated the spot where he told the workmen to dig, telling 
them that an abundant vein of water would be found at a depth of 
between 25 and 30 feet. A vein of water was struck at 26 feet, the 
last thirteen of which was blasted in the solid ledge. The well has 
never failed. 

The services of Elder Gallison were in much demand and many 
wells were located by him during his lifetime. He was elected 
Register of Probate in 1856, and assumed the duties of the office 
Januar}^ i, 1857. 

He died at his residence on North street, Foxcroft, March 9, 1858, 
^g^d 59 years. His remains rest in the Dover village cemetery and 
a neat tablet, erected by the Sebec Quarterly Meeting, marks his last 
resting place. 

To the present generation, the best known worker with the divin- 
ing rod, was Seth Brawn of Foxcroft. He was noted the length 
and breadth of Piscataquis county, and a list of wells successfully 
located by him would number into the hundreds. He was born in 
Foxcroft, January 30, 1824, the son of Reuben and Betsey (Weston) 
Brawn, and was the grandson of Peter Brawn, who settled in Dover 
in 1805, and who was the founder of the numerous family of that 
name residing in Piscataquis county. 

Seth Brawn was about 21 years of age when he discovered that 
he was possessed of the ability to use the divining rod. It was by 


accident. Royal Day was employed by his father to locate a well 
on the home place and Seth was an interested spectator. He asked 
permission to take the forked stick of the *'water witch" in his owti 
hands to see if there would be any evidence of attraction through 
him. To his astonishment the twig turned with even more force in 
his hands than when held by the professional worker. Thereafter- 
wards he experimented for himself, more from curiosity and fas- 
cination than for any other reason, yet always obtaining results. It 
was some years after that he commenced to locate wells and water 
veins as a profession. 

I will cite a few notable instances of Mr. Brawn's work: In the 
autumn of 1880 the stream from which water was taken to supply 
the boilers of the spool factory in Foxcroft ran dry. Depending 
wholly upon steam power, and the water from the small brook 
near the works as a source of supply, the works must shut down 
unless water was obtained at once. For a number of days teams 
were put on and water hauled from the river, half a mile distant. 
In their extremity the owners of the mill called upon Mr. Brawn to 
help them. 

The lot upon which the factory is located is but sparsely cov- 
ered with soil, and on much of it the ledges are entirely exposed. 
It certainly was not a place where hit-or-miss prospecting would be 
practical or profitable. Mr. Brawn went over the extensive lot and 
traced three veins of water, all of which converged to a point about 
forty yards distant from the boiler house. He described the situa- 
tion in detail, gave the comparative size of the veins, and gave the 
depth and character of the excavation. The well was completed 
in a brief space of time and his remarkable estimates proved cor- 
rect in every particular. 

The well, but twelve feet deep, did not exhaust in feeding the 
boilers which used one hundred gallons an hour. 

The organ factory on the same stream below, (now the factories 
of Hughes & Son, the piano manufacturers) was in the same pre- 
dicament. Here Mr. Brawn located a well in the gravel, and it was 
5c near the surface that it only required the labor of two men with 
pick and shovel for an hour to strike an abundant supply. This was 
after prospecting and digging had been done in the bed of the brook 
without result. The water found by Mr. Brawn furnished an abund- 
ant supply for the factory, from a well only ten feet deep, the bottom 
of which was higher than the bed of the stream and distant only 
alx)ut sixty feet from it. 


The same year, 1880, the Piscataquis Valley Campmeeting Asso- 
ciation located their grounds in Foxcrott, erected their tabernacle, 
and several cottages were built. A fine spring of water was found 
uixtn the grounds, situated in the northwest corner, issuing from 
the face of the bedrock. The stables w^ere erected in the southwest 
comer of the lot, next the highway, over an eighth of a mile from 
the spring. It was desirable to have a well near the stables for con- 
venience, the water supply being at such a distance, as well as a 
sanitary precaution to avoid bringing horses to the spring. 

The services of Mr. Brawn were enlisted. He located a vein of 
water near the stables, and as was his custom, followed the course 
of it to ascertain its location with reference to the whole lot. He 
told the campground people that the vein which he had located for 
the stable well was the same, and the only one, which fed the spring 
in the farther corner of the grounds. That he was correct was 
proven ; for in blasting for the well, water came into the sink and 
was fouled with dirt and powder, and during the time while the 
work was going on, the water in spring, over an eighth of a mile 
away, became muddy and continued so until the work on the well 
was completed. 

Out of the numerous well authenticated cases of Mr. Brawn's 
work, I will select one more example. 

A farmer living on one of the rocky hills overlooking Foxcroft 
village desired a well. As the prospect for a successful location 
was dubious, Seth Brawn was called to locate a water vein. He 
came, and went over the ground with his divining rod, and made a 
location where, he told the farmer, he would find water at a certain 

When work was commenced on the well, the farmer, instead of 
digging at the exact spot indicated by Mr. Brawn, sank the shaft 
about six feet to one side. After expending a large amount of hard 
labor and using quantities of powder in blasting through the solid 
ledge, and going to a depth of seven feet below that stated by Mr. 
Brawn at which water would be found, and not finding a trace of 
water, he sent for the man of the rod and indignantly demanded 
satisfaction for his fruitless labor and expense. 

After examining the work, Mr. Brawn said, **You have not sunk 
your well at the spot where I told you to." The farmer replied, 
"I have only moved over the bigness of the well, as it was more 
convenient for me in this place." Mr. Brawn directed that a hole 
be drilled in the wall of the shaft, about seven feet from the bottom. 


ill the direction of the spot first indicated by him for the excavation. 
A small charge of powder was exploded and a copious supply of 
water came in ; the shaft was filled and the well was a success. 

I might go on indefinitely giving instances of the work of the 
operators of the rod, but I have cited these well authenticated cases 
of their work in this locality, which seem to raise somewhat of a 
question as to the correctness of the statement of the eminent gov- 
ernment scientist when he makes the declaration that these operators 
fail to find water when there are no surface indications. 

But I am aside from my subject. As stated in the beginning, it is 
not my purpose to enter into a controversy ; I am writing history. 

Mr. Brawn continued in his work of locating wells during all his 
long lifetime, and I have yet to hear of a report of failure. He died 
at Foxcroft. Maine, February 15, 1906. over 82 years of age, retain- 
ing his faculties and power to the last. 

Seth Brawn married Mar\' Jeanette Chandler, daughter of Allen 
and Olive (Buck) Chandler, October 16, 1852, and of this union 
there were four children : Frank H. ; Clara A., married Arthur 
Towne of Dover; Susan J., married Albert Boss of Foxcroft, and 
Hiram A. None of the children were possessed of the gift with 
which he was so largely endowed, except Mrs. Towne. The divining 
rod will turn in her hands when over water, but she has never used 
her powers to any practical purpose. 

A grandson, Stanley Boss of Foxcroft, is possessed of the gift 
to a remarkable degree. He is now 21 years of age and ever since 
he was a child of eight or ten years he has been using the divining 
rod and obtaining results. The rod now works very strongly in his 
hands, and by grasping the sticks firmly and attempting to keep it 
from turning, when over a water vein, it will turn in spite of his 
efforts to control it, even to the twisting of the bark from the wood. 

But it is not necessary to go to the records of those who are gone 
to find workers of the rod. There are those yet living within our 
borders who are possessed of the gift. In nearly every town in our 
county are living those in whose hands the forked limb will turn 
when over a water vein. Among those are found men and women 
of the highest standing in their respective communities, and as a 
unit they will tell you that the claim, that the working of the rod is 
due to "unconscious movements" of the body or muscles of the 
operator, is entirely erroneous ; that in fact, their endeavors to pre- 
vent the rod from turning are overcome against their wills, and 
against their greatest physical efforts to prevent it. 


One of the best known and most highly respected divining rod 
operators now living in Piscataquis county is Edwin R. Haynes of 
Monson. Mr. Haynes was born in Canaan, N. H., July 30, 1836, 
and came to Monson with his parents in 1842. During his life resi- 
dence in Monson he has been closely identified with the business, 
social and political activities of the town. He was a charter mem- 
ber of Doric Lodge, F. & A. M., and was its secretary for fifteen 
years or more. He was commissioned postmaster December 12, 
1864, and held the office for nearly twenty-one years. He was at 
one time one of the principal merchants of the place and has held 
various town offices. 

Mr. Haynes modestly professes not to be "an expert with the 
rod," but his work has extended over a long period of years. In a 
letter to the writer he says: "I have located many veins of water 
for people and have never failed to find water, and have been very 
accurate in estimating the depth to be excavated. I have held the 
rod so firm in my hands that the bark would twist from the wood. 
I am a strong believer in the rod ; experience is better than guess- 

As a closing word, I will quote from an article by Calvin Cham- 
berlain, written thirty years ago: 

"I only desire to add that we claim to have here .... all 
the necessary appliances to cure the most inveterate cases of unbe- 
lief in the water-rod, and will engage to receive patients sent from 
a distance, treat them free of cost, and return them restored and in 
their right mind." 

"Instructed by the antiquary times. 
He must, he is, he cannot but be wise." 


The Bar Harbor Times recently published an illustrated article 
describing the old Rodick House which was once the largest and 
most popular hotel in that town. It was built in 1882 by David 
Rodick & Sons, but is now non-existant and its spacious grounds 
now form the heart of the business section of the village. For 
several years Fountain Rodick and his brother S. H. Rodick were 
the managers and then, before the advent of the palatial cottages 
of today, it was the rendezvous of the summer colony there. It 

I had 400 sleeping rooms and /CX) people could be seated in the dining 

1 room. 


Honorable Peter Charles Keegan 

For more than half a century, or from the Treaty of Peace 
between the United States and Great Britain (1783) and the Web- 
ster-Ashburton treaty (1842), a controversy raged between these 
governments regarding the Northeastern boundary of the State of 
Maine. Its storm centre was the Madawaska settlement. 

One of the incidents of this disagreement was the arrest of pnte 
libenezer Greeley of Dover, Maine, on June 6, 1837, '^^'^"^^ ^^'^^ ^^ 
that region as a census taker having been appointed to this task by 
Robert P. Dunlap. Governor of Maine. This arrest was made by 
two officers, Colonel Maclauchlan a warden of the then disputejd 
territory and James Keegan a constable. •; 

Mr. Keegan was in that period prominent in local affairs there 
and was the father of Peter Charles Keegan of \'an Buren, one of 
Maine's famous men of today. His ability as a lawyer, publicist, 
and political leader, his long service in the Maine Legislature and 
his numerous and varied activities generally are well known to 
Maine people. 

It is the purpose of the Journal to occasionally make record of 
some of the Maine men and women who are "making footprints on 
the sands of time" today as well as such of the days past and gone. 
Mr. Keegan is one of those that we desire to thus mention. 

Mr.. Clinton \'annah recently writing of ]Mr. Keegan in the 
National Magazine, and characterizing him as "The Sage of the 
Saint John Valley," says : 

Peter Charles Keegan ! The name is a slogan whose sharp- 
cornered syllables explode with the barking staccato of a machine 
gun. \\'ithal there is a note of old-fashioned honesty in it, a breath 
of free air and open places. You feel instinctively that here is a 
man worth tying to. 

If one may confess to a just feeling of resentment toward h'm 
who fails to measure up to the possibilities of his name, there is no 
small degree of satisfaction, than, in knowing that this name, the 
name with a punch, is not a misfit. The sturdy figure of the man 
v.ith head set solidly upon a pair of heavy shoulders, a square jaw 
beneath the overhang of moustache, the fire in the deep-set black 
eyes tell of things done and well done 

He set himself the task of getting an education under difficulties 
which would make most of the boys of today lie down on the job. 


Honorable Peter Charles Keeo:an. 


Though not yet past the prime of mature manhood his Hfe measures 
almost the full span of civilization in northern Aroostook. His 
parents were pioneers in the new country. Schools there were none, 
except such as were maintained by the few scattered people of a 
community uniting to hire a teacher, the term running as long as 
the money held out. 

To such a school came the boy at the age of four. His teacher 
* was the typical schoolmaster of fifty years ago, with blue coat, brass 
buttons, stock and beaver hat. He ruled his flock with the hand of 
a tyrant, and if to "spare the rod" is to "spoil the child," there 
surely were no spoiled children within reach of his birch ! But he 
knew the three "R's," and there is not a doubt that his scholars 
learned them, too. 

When he was nine years old the only school within reach of the 
Keegan home was across the St. John River in New Brunswick. 
There were no ferries in those days, and he tramped to the river 
with his dinner pail in the morning, paddled across in a dugout and 
walked two miles to the schoolhouse. returning the same way at 
night. Three years later the nearest school was three and a half 
miles away, and he walked the distance twice a day. 

The age of fifteen found him in the University of New Bruns- 
wick, winning second highest place in his entrance examination. He 
was graduated with honor in a class which had among its members 
a number of men who have since become eminent in Canadian gov- 
ernment affairs. 

College was followed by a period of law study, then admission 
to the bar, and the young lawyer settled in his native town to become 
in a vital way a part of its life and progress. He saw that there were 
certain things needed for the development of the valley which must 
be obtained through the state government. Very well, he would 
go to the legislature. They told him he was foolish. How could 
he expect to win on the Democratic ticket when Democrats were as 
scarce in Aroostook as hen's eggs in January? They didn't know 
Peter Charles Keegan. His hard early training had given him the 
habit of success. When he jumped into the ring the campaign 
opened with a bang. He had the votes on election day, but a hostile 
election board decided against him. Keegan decided the other way, 
and when the legislature met in Augusta that winter he was right 
there under the big dome of the state house, with fight written all 
over him, from the sanguinary red of his flowing tie to his square- 


toed, stubborn-looking boots. An effort to decide the contest on 
party lines was squelched, and Keegan was seated. 

Another old-fashioned habit of his, formed in the stress and grind 
of early struggle, is that of work. He lives on a big farm, a hun- 
dred acres of which is a part of the home place where he was born. 
The comfortable farmstead crowns one of the rolling hills which 
swell upward from the river, where from the pine-shadowed veranda 
a superb view of the beautiful St.. John Valley opens northward. 
Kis neighbors say that his alarm clock is the big rooster in the hen 
house, and his quitting time anywhere from midnight to morning,- 
according to when the last task of the day is finished. He works 
at politics as skillfully and successfully as he practises law, and 
farms for recreation, making good at all three by keeping everlast- 
ingly at it. 

I saw him once on the train coming down from Fort Kent on a 
broiling August morning in 191 2. He appeared to know every- 
body, swapped stories with the drummers in the smoker, came out 
scathless from a encounter of wits with a brother lawyer, chatted 
in soft patois with the Acadians of the valley who swarmed in the 
car, all the while radiating good humor and driving away thoughts 
of the stifling heat with an infectious laugh. It is said of him that 
he knows most of the children of the valley by name, a stupendous 
accomplishment surely, when one thinks of the bewildering size of 
the families in that land, where race suicide is unknown and where 
one may easily lose tab on the little Jeans and Felices in a single 
home after counting up to twelve. 

Later in the day I met him in his office, where he gave two hours 
from the middle of a busy day to help a stranger with a matter in 
which he had no special interest. I came away with a deep under- 
standing of his genius for attracting and holding men. 

In 1909 he was appointed a- member on behalf of the United States 
of the International Commission pertaining to the St. John River, 
rendering with distinguished honor an important service to the 
state and nation. 

The forty-eighth report of the Peabody Museum of American 
Archaeolog)^ and Ethnolog>' of Harvard University 1913-1914 has 
been received by the Journal from Mr. Samuel J. Guernsey for- 
merly of Dover, Maine, who is its Assistant Curator of Archae- 
ology and Ethnology. 


A Famous Lawsuit 

Relating to Bath and the Kennebec River. 
(Wayfarer's Notes) 

Editor's Note . The late Honorable Joseph \V. Porter of Bangor, from 
1885 to 1893, published "The Bangor Historical Magazine," and after its 
discontinuance and for a few years prior to his decease, he contributed to 
the Bangor Commercial a series of exceedingly valuable papers relating to 
the early history of eastern Maine. 

These were all writen by Mr. Porter and published under the nom de 
plume of "Wayfarer" and known as "Wayfarer's Notes." 

Like all of his historical research these papers are of inestimable value 
for their accuracy and the care with which they were prepared. 

The early land grants or patents in Maine were made by the 
Crown and by the Indians without much regard to each other or to 
location or to boundaries. 

The Plymouth Patent. 

This patent, the most ancient and long lived, was made by the 
"Council of Plymouth, England," who were grantees of the crown 
in 1620, to William Bradford, and others of New Plymouth in 
New England, January 13, 1629: 

Foreasmuch as they (the Pilgrims) had no convenient Place either for 
trading or fishing within their own Precincts. 

The grant was of "all of that part of New England in America 
which lieth within or between and extendeth itself between the 
utmost limits of Ccbbisecontee which adjoineth to the river Kenne- 
bec, towards the western ocean and a place called the Falls at 
Neguamkike in America aforesaid and the space of 15 miles east 
side of the river commonly called the Kennebec that lies within its 
limits." It may never be known where these Falls were, but the 
Patent was a broad one. 

In 1640 Bradford and others sold out to Plymouth colony, which 
built forts and trading houses and carried on a large business at 
ivcnnebec. The colony claimed all the territory from Casco bay to 
Pemaquid and from the ocean to Caritunk Falls, and established 
courts and a "body of laws" for its protection. Minor offenses and 
small civil suits were tried at Kennebec, while trials for higher 
crimes and causes appealed were tried by the general court at Ply- 


month. For over 20 years they exercised jurisdiction over the larger 
part of the territory claimed by them. 

The northerly line of the patent was shadowy and to protect the 
colony and improve the title, more Indian titles were obtained in 
1648 and 1653. 

The colony of Massachusetts Bay was constantly encroaching in 
the western part of the Province of Maine, and by judicious 
manipulation obtained the consent of a majority of the inhabitants 
of the Province to annex it to Massachusetts. 

October 2"], 1661, Plymouth colony sold out its interest in the 
patent for $2,000 to seme Boston men, viz : Antipas Boies, Edward 
Tyng, Thomas Brattle and John W'inslow. 

The colony of Massachusetts Bay was growing strong, Plymouth 
colony was growing weak and it virtually surrendered. 

From 1661 to 1751 very little is known of the Patent ; but few of 
the heirs of the grantees of 1661 had any share in it. The land 
speculators had got hold of it. They built forts at Richmond, now 
Bowdoinham, and at Frankfort, (') now Dresden, in 1751. 

In June the owners were incorporated under the name of the 
"Proprietors of the Kennebec Purchase." The modern way of pro- 
moting is not new. 

In the meantime, by the reduction of the French in Canada by the 
English in 1759, the property of the company was much increased 
in value and fabulous estimates were put upon it. 

Many other claimants had arisen, whose claims had overlapped 
the Kennebec proprietors, and the company determined to compel 
them to settle or recognize it. Dr. Silvester Gardiner of Boston, 
was a large proprietor and a man of great energy and determina- 
tion, and by direction of the company he undertook the job. Long, 
tedious and expensive litigation ensued, the results of which will be 

The Clark & Lake Claim. 

Was derived from Indian chiefs, who in 1649, deeded lands to 
Christopher Lawsen ; he sold out to Clark & Lake in 1653. These 
lands were east of Kennebec river. In the lapse of time this claim 
passed into the hands of land speculators. The Kennebec company 
compromised with the owners of this claim in 1758, by an agreement 
that: "The north line of the present town of Woolwich should be 

(*) Old Pownalborough, which included Dresden, Wiscasset and Alna, 
as they are now bounded, was the ancient plantation of Frankfort. — William- 


the south line of the Plymouth patent and the north line of the 
Clark & Lake claim." 

The Wiscasset Claim. 

In 1663 the Indians sold George Davie, a settler at Wiscasset 
point, a large tract of land west of the Sheepscot river which 
included the present town of Wiscasset. and another tract east of 
Sheepscot. In 1734 certain wealthy and influential Boston gentle- 
men had come into possession of these lands and formed a company 
called the Wiscasset company. The Kennebec company compro- 
mised with them in 1762 by fixing the boundary line at: 

''Half way between the Sheepscot and Kennebec rivers from 
Monsweag Bay to the Upper Narrows in Sheepscot river." 

The Pejepscot Purchase. 

The Plymouth England Company is said to have granted a patent 
to Thomas Purchase and George Way, June 16, 1632, of : 

"All lands lying on both sides of the Pejepscot river on the eastern 
end of the Androscoggin river on Kennebec river and Casco Bay." 

This patent was never recorded and is said to have been lost ; the 
evidence of its existence was by frequent references to it in ancient 
deeds. This patent covered a part of the Plymouth patent, and while 
its existence may have been doubtful, it served for a foundation. 

July 4. 1683, John Shapleigh as agent for certain heirs and claim- 
ants sold one-half to Richard Wharton of Boston. July 7, 1684, 
Wharton mended his titles by the purchase of lands of Worumbo 
and other Indians. He died in London in 1690, insolvent. Ephraim 
Savage was appointed administrator December 30, 1693. 

Savage sold Wharton's interest in the purchase November 5, 17 14, 
to Adam Winthrop, Thomas Hutchinson, John Watts, Stephen 
Minot, Oliver Noyes, David Jeffries and John Ruck of Boston, and 
John Went worth of Portsmouth, N. H., for £700. They bought up 
other claims. By judicious management they obtained a confirma- 
tion of their title from the general court May 27, 171 5. They made 
some claim to the town of Bath as against the Kennebec proprietors. 
The conflict between these two companies was long and tedious. A 
compromise was effected Feb. 20, 1758, which was not final: 
another settlement was made May 29 and June 11, 1766 (in the 
shadow of this great trial) when, among other things, the Pejep- 


scot company released all their claim to lands between the *'Ne\v 
Meadows and Kennebec river" to the Kennebec company. This 
included Bath. The Pejepscot proprietors had left to them the 
present towns of Danville, Lewiston, Greene, a part of the town 
of Lisbon, Leeds, Poland and Minot, and the towns of Durham, 
Bowdoin, Topsham, Brunswick and Harps well. The Kennebec 
company had the territorv- to the northward. Having now com- 
promised or settled with all the other claimants, the Kennebec 
company turned its attention to the poor settlers at Bath who seemed 
to have no rich or influential friends. No attempts to compromise 
are seen. 

(To be Continued) 

As the bee makes its first perfect cell at the first attempt, and as 
the beaver is a skillful and accomplished engineer from its baby- 
hood, so the Indian, a child of nature as much as the bee or the 
beaver, without training or trainer, fashioned when a youth with 
his flint knife and bone awl the ideal boat for the treacherous inland 
waters for the rapids and the falls. 

He made his canoe from the bark of his graceful white birch 
trees and the white man has copied its model for more than three 
centuries without being able to improve upon the plan of its general 

"Scientific Proof and Legal Proof" is the title of an able and 
exhaustive treatise on the law of evidence by Mark A. Barwise, 
L. L. M., and member of the Maine State and Penobscot bars which 
appears in the December (1914) and January ( 1915) issues of the 
Maine Law Review. It is a valuable addition to the legal literature 
of Maine and is worthy of any lawyer's profound attention. 

Henry Parker, a subscriber to the Journal and a well known com- 
mercial traveler and business man of Bangor, Maine, was born in 
Brewer, Maine, September 17, 1843, and died in Bangor, March 
13, 1915. He was a member of the G. A. R., I. O. O. P., A. O. 
U. W. and the Madocawando Club of his city. He was an energetic 
and successful business man and beloved and respected by a large 
circle of friends in Eastern Maine. 


Biddeford, Maine, Cemetery 

Copied and Contributed by James I. Wyer. Jr.. of Albany, New 


All the following are copied from stones in a private cemetery 
in the center of Fletcher's Xeck, (Biddeford Pool) Me. In 1914 
this cemetery stood midway between Sea \'iew Inn and Ocean View 
Hotel. It was no longer used for current interments and was over- 
grown and pretty much neglected. 

Didamia Bond d. Dec. 16. 1855 ae. 75. 

Henry Bruell d. Oct. 22, 1871 ae 75 yrs. i mo. 

Susan wife of Henry Bruell d. Feb. 7. 1867 ae 59 yrs. 10 mos. & 15 ds. 

Phebe wife of Henry Bruell b. Mar. 18, 1798 d. Mar. 18, 1874. 

Ellen Evans wife of Horace Bryant Aug. 31, 1828 Dec. i, 1896. 

Our baby Daniel E. Son of D. & E. Davis d. Oct. 19, 1889 ae 2 mos. 

Hannah wife of Jotham Davis d. May 13, 1834 ae 55. 

Grace L. dau. of Jotham & Adelaide Davis Jr. died Oct. 17, 1869 ae 6 mos. 

Nathaniel Davis d. Jan. 12. 1887 ae 76 yrs. 6 mos. 

Our mother Hannah C. wife of Nathaniel Davis d. Oct. 3, 1869 ae 57 yrs. 

Elizabeth T. dau. of Nathaniel & Hannah C. Davis d. May 30, 1842 ae 10 

Henry B. son of Nathaniel & Hannah C. Davis d. Apr. 12, 1861 ae 22 yrs. 
I mo. & 21 ds. 

Selena J. wife of Daniel A. H. Davis d. Nov. 14, 1877 ae 22 yrs. 5 mos. & 
25 ds. 

Alice wife of Lyman Evans d. Nov. 25, 1837 ae 63. 

George L. Evans d. Aug. 28. 1877 ae 45 (or 6) yrs. 7 mos. 

Mary E. T. wife of George L. Evans d. Aug. 6, 1875 ae. 31 yrs. 10 mos. 

Thomas Evans d. Sept. i, 1869 ae 73 yrs. 6 mos. 

Dorcas wife of Thomas Evans d. May 5. 1878 ae. 84 yrs. 11 mos. & 20 d=;. 

In memory of 

Mr. Pendleton Fletcher 

who d. Apr. 17, 1807 

ae. 100 

Father Mother 

William H. Goldthwait Elizabeth 

Mar. 1817 wife of 

June 1866 William H. Goldthwait 

July 1816 
Apr. 1889 


Eunice wife of Garret Garris d. Apr. 5, 1828 ae 69 yrs. 9 mos. 

Lizzie W. wife of E. C. Hathaway 1862-1889 
Edward McBride d. Dec. 2, 1872 ae. 69 yrs. 6 mos. 19 ds. 
Lydi?i A. wife of Edward McBride d. June 2, i860 ae. 55 yrs. 11 mos. & 21 

Edward McBride, Jr. d. Sept. i. 1872 ae 34 yrs. 3 mos. & 18 ds. 
Wesley son of Edward & Lydia A. McBride d. Nov. 26, 1863 ae. 23 yrs. 
Freeman D. Rich, d. Apr. 8, 1892 ae. 43 yrs. 6 mos. 29 ds. 
Infant babes of F. D. & Isabell Rich. 

Lucelia F. dau. of Freeman and Elizabeth Rich d. Mar. 12, 1859 ae 2 yrs.8 mos. 

L. F. R. 
at foot of above. 

Wm Warren Rich 
July 30, 1843 

Dec. 23, 1904 _ 

at rest 
George W. Amber Sally 

Feb. 22, 1821 wife of 

Sept. 30, 1912 George W Amber 


Mar. 3, 1887 

ae 68 yrs. 


dau. of Ebenezer & Eliza Rogers 


Mar. 2\, 1857 

ae. 21 

at side of above 

E. R. W. H. R. F. L. B. 

and a little further along 
M. S. B. E. R. E. D. R. 

Sacred to the memory of 

Leonard Spear 

son of 

John Spear, Esquire & Ruth his wife 

who d. 

Sept. 19, 1818 


16 yrs. 4 mos. 12 ds. 


Jesse Tarbox d. Mar. 19, 1834 ae. 59 yrs. 

Abigail F. wife of Jesse Tarbox d. Sept. i, 1855 ae. 84 yrs. 
Rozilla A. w-ife of Benjamin Tarbox d. Feb. 11, 1838 ae. 27 yrs. 
The following 7 stones are copied from private bur>-ing ground on the 
left hand side of the road from Biddeford Pool to Biddeford, about 2 
miles from Biddeford Pool. 

In memorj- of 

John Emery, Jr. 

son of John and Elizabeth Emery 

d. Feb. 2, 181 1 

ae. 10 yrs. 6 mos. 19 ds. 

In memory of 
John Emery, 3rd son of John and Elizabeth 
Emery d. Oct. 4, 1823 ae. 11 yrs. 8 mos. 3 ds. 

In memory of 

Mary only dau. of John and 

Sarah Haley who d. Aug. 3, 1837 

ae. 20 >TS. & 5 mos. 

Sylvester Haley 
d. Nov. I, 1826 ae. 64. 

Sarah wife of 
Sylvester Haley d. Feb. 7, 1846 
ae. 83. 

This stone is erected by Mrs. Abigail McKenna in 
memory of her beloved father Nathaniel Perkins 
who d. July 31, 1832 ae. 76 yrs. 

Sacred to the memory of 

Sarah wife of 

Joseph VVadlin d. Mch. 31, 1820 

ae. 25 yrs. 

(To be continued.) 


Hon. Elias Dudley and Some of 
His Political Correspondence 

With Notes By The Editor. 

The Honorable Lucilius A. Emer}- of Ellsworth, Chief Justice 
Emeritus, of the S. J. Court of Maine, recently furnished the Jour- 
nal with some old letters to and papers of Honorable Elias Dudley 
who was prominent in the political affairs of the \\ hig party in 
Maine, when Edward Kent was its leader and both of whom helped 
found the Republican party. The Whigs carried Maine in the 
Harrison compaign in 1840 and elected Mr. Kent, Governor, who 
then served his second term (1841). There was a Whig doggerel 
at the time, the first line of which read: 

"And Maine went 

Hell bent for Governor Kent." 

We believe this correspondence will be of interest to all who are 
interested in the early history of political parties in Maine. 
We also append the following data relating to Mr. Dudley. 

ELIAS DUDLEY— born at Pittston, Me.. Jan. 21, 1789, married Sarah 
Crosby, daughter of General John Crosby, at Hampden, Me., March 5, 
1815. He died at Hampden, Jan 29, 1867. His wife was born Sept. 
29, 1792, and died Oct. 28, 1880. In his early career he was a Deputy 
Sheriff for the County of Hancock. He operated a saw-mill and was 
engaged in merchandising and shipping. 

In 1841 he was a member of the Governor's Council and had held 
other important offices and honors. 
His children were: — 

I — Sarah Crosby, born Jan. 31, 1816, married Barnabas Freeman, Jr. 
of Yarmouth, Me., June i, 1845. She died, Yarmouth, March 24, 1879, 
the mother of four children. 

2 — Mary Godfrey, born May 19, 1817, married Capt. Samuel Child, 
July 21, 1846. She died at Hampden, July 8, 1858. The compiler of 
the family record states; — "Her health was very delicate. So it was 
also with others of her family.- They were good and bright souls in 
frail bodies." 

3 — Almira, born Jan. 5, 1819, married Jacob W. Curtis of Hampden, 
Oct. 12, 1848, died July 17, 1875. 

4 — George, born Nov. 11, 1820. A Sea Captain. Married Caroline 
M. Holmes of Frankfort, Me., July 3, 1855. They lived at Winterport, 
Me. Father of three children. Date of death not given in family 

5 — Ann Maria, born Feb. 15, 1823, died May 4, 1834, 


6 — John Crosby, born Aug. 13, 1S25, died June 19, 1856. 
7 — Elias James, born Jan. 2S, 1828, married Sarah Scott, Oct. 12, 1854, 
Father of two children. Date of death not given in family record. 
8 — Irving, born Apr. 23, 1832. died Feb. 3, 1857. 

9 — Ann Elizabeth, born Sept. 5. 1835, married Benj. S. Crosby of 
Bangor, Apr. 8, 1858. Died Feb. 14. 1864. Mother of one child. 
ELIAS DUDLEY was the second child of James Dudley, the other children 
being : — 

I — Sibyl, married James Gordon of Hampden. 

3 — Mary, born 1791, died Apr. 17. 1815. Married Charles Godfrey 
of Hampden in 1810. 
4 — Edmund, born April. 1794. 
5 — James, a Sea Captain. Died at sea. 
6 — Pamelia. died unmarried, aged 21. 
7 — John, Died at Hampden in 1888. 
JAMES DUDLEY, father of Elias Dudley was the seventh son of Samuel 
Dudley. He was born in 1761 and died in 1805 in Hampden. He 
married Miss Sibyl Cheney at Pittston, Me., in 1785. He was on +he 
tax list at Pownalboro. Me., from 1787 to 1798. He was taxed at 
Pittston in 1803. "A good, active, sensible man, and useful to society," 
He was killed by the fall of a tree he cut down. His wife died 
May 26, 1848 at Hampden. His children were all born at Pittston, 
except John. 
SAMUEL DUDLEY, born 1720. was the son of James Dudley. 
JAMES DUDLEY, born 1690 at Exeter. X. H., was the son of Stephen 

STEPHEN DUDLEY, born at Exeter, X. H., was the son of Rev. Samuel 

SAMUEL DUDLEY, born about 1610 in England was the son of Thomas 

THOM.A.S DUDLEY, born 1576 in Xorthamptonshire. England was the son 
of Capt. Roger Dudley, a warrior. Died in 1653 '" Roxbury, Mass., 
after having been Deputy Governor and Governor of Massachusetts 
Bay Colony. 

BOSTON, 1st MARCH, 1808. 

It has been resolved, at a large and respectable meeting of our political 
friends, to support as Candidate 




The Honorable DAVID COBB. 

and the federal Representatives from towns in your County, have appointed 

yourself and the gentlemen, whose names are subjoined, to be a Committee 

for the county of for the purpose of promoting these and 

other (') Federal Elections. 

C) This refers to the Federal party which elected only two Presidents, 
Washington and John Adams before its dissolution. 


. We confidently hope the failure of success the last year, will not produce a 
relaxation of exertion among good men. to save their country. — The abuses 
of power actually committed by the ruling party, and those which are still 
threatened, have fulfilled our predictions and justify our fears. If time per- 
mitted a full development of the proceedings of Government to the views 
and understanding of the people; if they could be made seasonably to com- 
prehend the extent and tendency of the innovations which have already been 
adopted, we think the effect of their conviction would be manifest in the 
approaching election. But the progress of truth has no proportion to the 
rapid violence of passion, and if from this cause we cannot promise ourselves 
immediate success, we should endeavor to ensure it hereafter, we "SHOULD 

We can only add, that our actual observation confirms all our apprehen- 
sions that political intolerance and persecution will be pushed to any extrem- 
ity which the people will suffer, and the liberties and property of the citizen 
are in actual jeopardy from doctrines which are avowed, and measures which 
are adopted. — The hour of peril is at hand — our safety consists in vigilance 
and exertion — Let us yet rally to prevent the ruin of the constitution — and 
if this be ineffectual — 

We therefore intreat you to be earnest and vigilant in exhorting, encourag- 
ing, and organizing your different towns and sections, in a judicious arrange- 
ment. of a List of SENATORS; and we trust your labour will be crowned 
with success. 










I had the honor of addressing you, under date of August 12th, last, propos- 
ing myself as a Candidate for Representative to Congress for this District. 
The second Monday of September hath passed; and the result is well known. 
I had the pleasure of perceiving that a large number of the Electors had 
sustained by nomination, in a manner which the law calls legal; whilst many 
more who voted for me, were deprived of their rights, by mere verbal 
errors in the votes, errors conjured up by technical lawyers, to defeat justi:e 
and equity. Another ingenious mode, to prevent the free suffrage of the 
electors in my favor, was. the artful givings out of my opposers, that my 
address was mere sport, and no real nomination; — that it was one got up 
for amusement, or to draw to me votes in order to defeat the choice of 


either of my opponents as Representative. And, Fellow* Citizens, it was 
further asserted that there was no probability, were I chosen, that I would 
devote my time and talents to the service of the public. Such conduct and 
suggestions of my opponents have thus far had their weight. But I now, 
with seriousness, and honesty, again come forward, to assure m\' Fellow 
Citizens, voters in this District, that my intentions are TRUE, PURE, and 

That if the office be devolved by their suffrages upon me, its duties shall 
be faithfully, honestly, and judiciously performed. That the talents and abili- 
ties possessed by me shall be unremittingly and devotedly exerted for their 
good. Self interest does not now influence me in taking this step, nor shall 
it ever bias me from the straight-forward march in the path of my public 

For my qualifications and political views, I refer you to the before men- 
tioned address, 




(To be continued.) 

The Editor of that excellent publication. The Maine Catholic 
Historical Magazine, says: 

**\Ve beg to acknowledge, as we go to press, the excellent Feb- 
ruary number of Sprague's Journal of Maine History, which offers 
as a leader, a most interesting article, by the Editor, John Francis 
Sprague. on the life and work of Colonel John Allan, Indian Agent, 
for Maine Indians during the Revolution. . . . Mr. Sprague's 
interesting article shows research, is well arranged, and should be a 
valuable addition to this eventful period of our history. To Catho- 
lics, Mr. Sprague is no stranger. Many have read with interest 
his life of Father Rale, as well as his other contributions from time 
to time on the Catholic History of our State. 

**There are many interesting features in Mr. Sprague's Journal, 
which should make it valuable for the future historian." 

Among the sherifiFs in Maine in 1826 were: Josiah W. Seaber, 
South Berwick : Peter W. Green, Bath ; Jessie Robinson, Hallowell : 
Wm. C. Whitney, Hebron ; Jonas Parlin, Jr., Norridgewock ; 
Leonard Javis, Surry ; Wm. D. Williamson, Bangor ; Wm. 
Chaloner, Lubec; Horatio G. Balch, Machias. 


I 4 i jjnift'ij4 ^uw-"y^■^'v>-v^»s^ ■ '>vJ ' g^ ; ■ * 

^^^^ ' .. 


William Hutchings. 

William Hutchings was born at York, Maine October 6, 1764, 
son of Charles Hutchings ; moved to Penobscot when four years 
old; witnessed the siege of Castine in 1779; enlisted at Newcastle, 
Maine, as a soldier of the Revolution in 1780 or 1781, in Colonel 
Samuel McCobb's regiment, Capt. Benjamin Lemont's Company : in 
1865, when over one hundred years old, he attended a 4th of July 
celebration at Bangor: that same year he was one of the four sur- 
viving Revolutionary soldiers ; died in May, 1866. 

The above is from a photograph taken on his one hundredth birth- 
day and furnished us by Mr. Charles F. Bumps of Milo, Maine, 
who is one of his descendants. 


Franklin Simmons, the Sculptor 

Contributed by Honorable Augustine Simmons. 

Among the passengers on the Fortune, the next ship to follow 
the Mayflower in Xovember. 1621, was Phillippe De La Noye, 
since called Philip Delano. He was born in Leyden, whither his 
Huguenot parents fled from the south of France in the latter part 
of the sixteenth century. 

Philip was nineteen years old when he arrived at Plymouth. He 
settled and married in Duxbury. Among his children was Dr. 
Thomas Delano, who married Mary Alden, a daughter of John and 
Priscilla. One of their children was Jonathan Delano, and he was 
the father of John Delano, who was the father of Zebedee, who 
came to Maine, first to Winthrop, and then to Livermore. Zebedee 
was a Baptist preacher. He and his son James founded the Bap- 
cist church in North Livermore. The daughter of James. Sophia 
Delano, married John Simmons, the son of Samuel Simmons, a 
Revolutionary soldier, and a Baptist preacher, who came to Maine 
in 1 78 1, and died in Canton in 1835. John and Sophia Simmons 
A'ere the parents of Loring Simmons, the father of Franklin. The 
maiden name of Loring's wife was Dorothy Bacheller. 

When Franklin Sinmions, the sculptor, was born, on the nth day 
jf January, 1839. ^^- parents resided in Bath, the Franklin was 
born in Webster, where his mother was visiting her relatives. He 
passed his childhood in Bath, but before he attained his majority his 
parents moved to Lewiston. He attended the public schools and 
afterwards the old Maine State Seminary, which became Bates 
College in 1863. He took his first lessons in Latin from Frank L. 
Dingley, the editor of the Lewiston Journal. The youthful friend- 
>hip between him and Mr. Dingley continued during the remainder 
jf Franklin's life. 

Young Simmons was employed in the counting room of one of 
the cotton mills in Lewiston, but his artistic temperament chafed 
under the drudgery of his employment. When he was 18 and even 
/ounger, his acquaintances were amazed at his genius in crayon 
A'ork and cameo figures. 

Among his friends in that early period was Reverend George 
Knox, pastor ot the Baptist church m Levviston, a clerg}mian well 
known, in his denomination and outside of it, for his ability as a 
preacher and for his kindly heart and helpful life. From. Mr, 


Knox, Franklin received good cheer and stimulating encouragement 
m his ambition. In memory of his early friend he left a legacy for 
a scholarship to Colby College, of which Mr. Knox was a trustee 
when the institution bore the name of Waterville college. 

His little statute of "The Newsboy" elicited great praise, and for 
a long time was in the possession of Bates college. When he was 
22 years of age, Franklin went to Brunswick to make the busts of 
I'resident Woods and Professor Packard of Bowdoin college and 
of Dr. Isaac Lincoln. His studio was over the Pejepscot Bank. 
Shortly afterwards he made a marble bust of Governor Dunlap, 
which sunnounts the Dunlap monument in Pine Grove cemetery, 
Brunswick. About this time his first important public works, the 
Soldiers' Monument for the public park in Lewiston. and the 
Edward Little statue for the grounds of the Edward Little Insti- 
tute in Auburn, enlarged his youthful fame. Then he went to 
Washington, and there received the patronage of Generals Grant, 
Sherman, Sheridan, Governor Pierrepont of West Virginia, Gov- 
ernor Morton of Indiana, and many others. His success in Wash- 
ington and his extensive acquaintance with so many public men 
and women, endeared that city to him, so that in after life his great- 
est public works found a place there. 

In 1867, Franklin went to Florence, Italy, to study art, and re- 
mained there about a year. Subsequently, in 1868, he established 
himself in Rome, among the geratest sculptors and painters of mod- 
em time, and amid the world's treasures of ancient sculpture, archi- 
tecture, and painting, but he never regarded Rome as his permanent 
home, although he remained there in pursuit of his profession to 
the time of his death, December 6, 191 3, more than 45 years. Show- 
ing how he was regarded in Rome on account of what he was as 
sculptor and man, it may be mentioned that he was decorated by the 
late King Humbert of Italy and afterwards by his son, the present 

It would be impossible to give a complete list of all the portrait 
busts he made of distinguished men on both sides of the ocean. 
Among his public works the writer remembers the following: The 
Longfellow statue, and the Statue of the Republic (soldiers' monu- 
ment) in Portland ; the Equestrian Statue of Logan and the Peace 
Monument (Grief weeping on the shoulder of History), and Gen- 
eral Grant, in Washington; Roger Williams, in Providence; Alex- 
ander Hamilton, in Paterson, N. J., Governor Morton in Indian- 


polis; Valley Forge, representing Washington at Valley Forge; 
Governor King of Maine, in the capital at Washington. 

Among the most famous ideal statues are the following: Joche- 
bed and her Child Moses ; Penelope, ^ledusa, Galatea, Paris and 
Helen, Hymn of Praise, Seraph Abdiel, Miriam, Genius of Progress 
Leading the Nations, Angel of the Resurrection, The Witch of 
Endor, Benjamin and his Cup, The Promised Land, and Hercules 
and Alcestis. The last named is his last work, and probably the 
most wonderful. 

Replicas of all his most important works, both public and ideal, 
were left to Portland by Franklin's will together wnth a fund for 
their transportation from his studio in Rome and for the mainten- 
ance of the art collection. 

Over his own grave and the graves of his two deceased wives in 
his lot in the American Cemetery at Rome, stands a full sized replica 
of the Angel of the Resurrection showing in his free joyful triumph 
over death. 

The Bangor Historical Society held a meeting Tuesday, April 6, 
191 5, which was of great interest as the subject under consideration 
was Mt. Katahdin. 

Gen. Augustus B. Farnham presided. 

Prof. Lucius H. Merrill of the University of Maine deHvered 
an able address on Katahdin from the view point of the Scientist, 
and Congressinan Guernsey entertained the audience with an account 
of the efforts which he is making in Congress for the Federal Gov- 
ernment to make this Katahdin area a national forest reserve. 

A meeting of the Woman's Literary Club of Dexter, Maine, was 
held January 27, 191 5. Historical Sketches of the Club from 1880 
to 1910 were given by Mrs. Frances Bradbury, Mr^ Elizabeth 
R. Horton, Mrs. Fannie Bridgham, Mrs. Carrie Brewster, Mrs. 
Imogene Weymouth and Mrs Fannie Crosby. The session was 
presided over by Mrs. Elizabeth R. Horton, the oldest member of 
the Club, whose age was 91 years. The Club was organized at the 
home of Mrs. Ella Eldridge in 1880 with 18 members. During the 
first 30 years of the Club's existence 175 women have been actively 
associated with it. 


The Shepherd Boy of Woolwich 

Oh Billy, little Billy, with your flock beside the river, 

Where the deep-sea faring vessels come and go, 
Do you long for tropic waters where the blue waves dance and quiver 

As the far-off magic trade winds briskly blow? 
I sit here by the river with my silly sheep beside me, 

But it will not last for always I know well ; 
1 was born for something greater, and though ill may yet betide me 

I shall sail where strange far waters heave and swell. 


Kow now, apprentice William, at your bench with saw and hammer, 

Work you love no earning for you food and bed. — 
Do you hear the creak of cordage and the sea gulls' rancorous clamor 

As they fly about the rigging overhead? 
I work with saw and hammer till the toil of day is over; 

Then I study, sometimes far into the night. 
My dreams are not forgotten, — I shall be a deep-sea rover — 

But the captain of a ship should read and write. 

Oh Captain Phips of Boston, you have sailed the South Atlantic 

Where the far Bahamas wreck the Spanish ships ; 
Does the taste of unearned plunder set your rover's nature frantic, 

Shall you come again to search here. Captain Phips? 
I shall sail at once for London there to stand before the king, 

And my plan shall I at length to him unfold : 
And if fortune then be with me I shall men and vessels bring. 

Here to search the sea for sunken Spanish gold. 

Sir William Phips of England, of your search in tropic waters; 

Of the trips you made to England to and fro; 
Of the mutiny you ended, turning plot against plotters — 

Tell us truly of. Sir William, all you know. 
In my English ship, 'Rose Algier,' I sailed the Spanish Main, 

Where the loaded treasure-ships were sunk of old; 
By the aid of Indian divers I brought it up again — 

Three hundred thousand pounds in gems and gold. 


Governor Phips of Boston in your mansion fair and stately, 

That you promised ^Mistress Phips you'd build one day, 
You have risen to high honor as well as prospered greatly ; 

Are you well content, Sir William, with your way? 
I have dealt with all offenders and soundly them berated — 

I find my temper shorter than of yore — 
Well I know that all around me I am both feared and hated. 

And I go to pleasant England back once more. 

Oh William Phips. in England your forgotten dust is lying. 

Does your stem, proud spirit sometimes hover near ; 
Do you think of old adventures in the days so swiftly flying, 

And the scenes you knew and loved when you were here? 
Round my earthly habitations if my spirit freed might linger. 

Dearer far than any other spot to me 
Where the shepherd boy of Woolwich watched the Future's beck- 
oning finger, 

Where the widening river flows to meet the sea. 


Foxcroft, Maine. 

Sir William Phips was born in Woolwich, Maine. February 2, 1650, C) and 
died in London. England, February. 1695. His youth, in his humble home 
on the coast of Maine, was spent as a shepherd boy and as an apprentice to 
a ship carpenter. When a young man he went to Boston where he learned 
to read and write and then engaged as a trader. He married a widow of 
Boston who was a lady of wealth and was thus enabled to build for himself 
a ship and entered upon ocean commerce. Later he was in English Ad- 
miralty, and commanded a fleet of vessels in an expedition against Port 
Royal which he captured in 1690. He was unsuccessful in a similar expedi- 
tion against Quebec. 

In 1667 he was at the head of an expedition that recovered Spanish gold 
that had been lost in the wreck of a Spanish ship off the Bahamas, to the 
amount of £300,000 of which his share was £16,000; he was then knighted 
by the F^nglish government and made sheriff of New England. He was 
probably more than anyone else the real founder of New England shipping. 

One of the most famous acts of his life was when he had been appointed 
royal governor of the Massachusetts Colony he immediately created a special 
court to investigate and try the witchcraft cases. It resulted in the speedy 
termination of these abhorrent and disgraceful prosecutions. 


(i) Williamson Vol. i, Page 595. 


Leading Events in the Colonial 
History of Maine 

The following summary of the most important events in the 
Colonial period of the history- of Maine, is a part of the State His- 
torian's Report for 1907-8, pp. 17-20/ It is so concisely and accu- 
rately arranged and is such a valuable suggestion for a course of 
study for pupils and beginners in Maine Histor\' that we make 
excerpts as follows : 

Martin Pring, an English explorer, was on the coast of Maine in 
1603. De Monts, a Frenchman, landed with colonists on the island 
of St. Croix, below Calais, in 1604. Weymouth, with a band of 
English explorers, was at St. George's Island Harbor and ascended 
the St. George's river in 1605. Pring was here again in 1606. The 
Popham colonists established themselves at the mouth of the Kenne- 
bec in 1607. There were Jesuit colonists on the Penobscot in 161 1 
and at Mount Desert in 161 3. English fishermen and traders were 
then on the coast from year to year. Capt. John Smith was at Mon- 
hegan in 1614. Long after the landing of the Pilgrims. Maine held 
an independent position. The grant of the Providence of Maine to 
Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason, by the Great Coun- 
cil for New England, was made in 1622. Christopher Levett secured 
from the same source in 1623 a grant of six thousand acres in Casco 
Bay. In 1629, the Pilgrims at Plymouth secured a grant of land on 
both sides of the Kennebec, which enabled them to control the Indian 
trade of the river, and which later, having been sold by them, was 
known as the "Kennebec Purchase." A grant of land on the north 
side of the Saco river, including the site of the present city of Saco, 
was made by the Great Council in 1630 to Thomas Lewis and Rich- 
ard Bonighton. Also, in the same year, land on the south side of the 
Saco, including the site of the present city of Biddeford, was granted 
to John Oldham and Richard Vines. That also was the date of the 
Muscongus Patent, granting lands at Muscongus to John Beauchamp 
and Thomas Leverett, a grant later known as the Waldo Patent. The 
Lygonia Patent, covering a tract of land fory miles square, extend- 
ing from Cape Porpoise to the Androscoggin river, bears the same 
date. The Black Point Grant to Thomas Cammock, a nephew of the 

C) Report of Rev. Henry S. Burrage, D. D., State Historian for the 
State of Maine. 


Earl of Warwick, was made in 163 1. So also in the same year a 
g^ant of land on the Pejepscot river was made to Richard Bradshaw ; 
another of land on Cape Elizabeth to Robert Trelawny and Moses 
Goodyear ; another on the east side of the Agamenticus river to Fer- 
dinando Gorges, a grandson of Sir Ferdinando Gorges. Walter 
Norton and others ; also two thousand acres at Cape Porpoise to 
John Stratton ; also land at Pemaquid to Robert Aldworth and Gyles 
Elbridge. In 1632, grants of land on the Pejepscot river were made 
to George Way and Thomas Purchase. In 1634, in the final division 
of the Patent for New England by the great Council, number seven, 
including the territory between the Piscataqua and the Kennebec, 
was assigned to Sir Ferdinando Gorges. In 1636, George leased to 
George Cleeve and Richard Tucker **a neck of land called ]\Iache- 
gonne," now Portland. The royal charer of the Province of Maine 
to Sir Ferdinando Gorges by Charles II, designed to confirm the 
allotment made to Gorges in the division of the Patent for New Eng- 
land, was granted in 1639. During the decade and more that fol- 
lowed, affairs were in a disturbed state in the province because of the 
conflict between the King and Parliament. As the power of the 
royalist party in England was weakened. George Cleeve in 1643, 
in opposition to the Gorges interest, enlisted the aid of Colonel 
Alexander Rigby in resuscitating the Lygonia Patent in 1630, and 
received a commission as Deputy President of the Province of 
Lygonia. Other interests were pressing. In this unsettled state 
of affairs civil government of necessity languished, and in 165 1 the 
General Court of the Province of Maine appealed to Parliament for 

Thus far, in these beginnings of colonization, Maine had main- 
tained an independent position. But at this juncture of affairs the 
colonists of Massachusetts Bay saw an opjX)rtunity to extend their 
dominion in this direction. The charter of the Bay colony estab- 
lished its northern boundary three miles north of the Merrimac 
river. This was now interpreted to mean three miles north of the 
source of the river, and a line drawn east from this point to the 
sea brought the land covered by the Gorges and Cleeve interests 
within the jurisdiction of Massachusetts. In 1652, the General 
Court appointed Commissioners to determine the line, but not with- 
out protest and opposition on the part of the colonists of Maine 
who were in sympathy with the above interests. Gradually the gov- 
ernment of Massachusetts was extended northward. Kittcry and 
Corgeana yield submission in 1652 ; Wells, Cape Porpoise and 


Saco in 1653 ; and Black Point, Blue Point, Spurwink and Casco 
in 1658. 

The materials of the histon^ of Maine during this period of inde- 
pendence are to be found largely in England. Something, in gath- 
ering these materials, has already been done by the Maine Historical 
Society. ^luch has been done by the Hon. James P. Baxter. Added 
researches will doubtless have their reward. All possible sources 
of information should be carefully examined, and the materials for 
the history of this early period in Maine life and achievement should 
be made accessible to those who are interested in it. 

To this newely acquired territory, Massachusetts gave the name 
Yorkshire, or County of York. Subsequently, after the overthrow 
of the Protectorate and the restoration of Charles II, the colonists 
i:i the former Province of Maine requested to be placed again under 
the authority of the King, or of the heir of Sir Ferdinando Gorges. 
But the General Court of Massachusetts also sent a petition to the 
King, and matters w^ere allowed to rest until 1664, when the grand- 
son of Gorges obtained an order from the King requiring Massa- 
chusetts to restore the Province of Maine to Gorges or his com- 
missioners. After various efforts on both sides, the territory mean- 
while being brought under the jurisdiction of a provincial govern- 
ment independent of Massachusetts and the Gorges interests, the 
General Court of Massachusetts. May 6, 1677, purchased of Ferdi- 
nando Gorges, grandson of Sir Ferdinando. all his interest in the 
Province of Maine for twelve hundred and fifty pounds sterling. 
This purchase strengthened the hold of Massachusetts upon its 
former eastward possessions, and in 1680 the (jeneral Court pro- 
ceeded to reorganize civil administration in Maine with Thomas 
Danforth as President of the Province. But the charter of Massa- 
chusetts was annulled ni 1684, and the government of the colony 
reverted to the crown. Charles II died in 1685, and James II 
appointed Andros Governor of New England. His career was cut 
short by a revolution in England, which drove James from the 
throne ; and William and Mary, who succeeded James, issued October 
7, 1691, a charter, which incorporated, under the title of the "Prov- 
ince of Massachusetts Bay," the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, the 
Colony of Plymouth, the Province of Maine and the territory of 
Nova Scotia. In this way the title of Massachusetts to the territory 
east of the Piscataqua was confirmed, though on account of its 
remoteness and the distracted state of the country, Nova Scotia was 
separated from the Province of Massachusetts Bay by the Lords 


The Maine Society of the Sons of 
the American Revolution 

This Society held its annual meeting and banquet at Riverton, 
Maine, February 22. 191 5. 

At the banquet addresses were made by the retiring President, 
John Francis Sprague, Brig. Gen. Philip Read, U. S. A., retired, 
and the newly elected President, Philip F. Turner. 

The following officers were elected to serve for the ensuing year. 
President: Philip F. Turner, Portland. 
Senior Vice President: Wainwright Gushing, Foxcroft. 
Vice Presidents: ■ 

Androscoggin Gounty, Edward P. Ricker, So. Poland. 

Aroostook Gounty, Atwood W. Spaulding, Garibou. 

Gumberland Gounty, Frederick S. \'aill, Portland. 

Franklin Gounty, Fred G. Paine, Farmington. 

Hancock Gounty, Benjamin L. Xoyes, Stonington. 

Kennebec Gounty, Eugene G. Garll, Augusta. 

Knox Gounty, Eugene M. Stubbs. Rockland. 

Lincoln Gounty, Eugene F. Webber, W'estport. 

Oxford Gounty, John W. Thompson, Ganton. 

Penobscot Gounty, W'm. \V. Talbot, Bangor. 
' Sagadahoc Gounty, \Vm. B. Kendall, Bowdoinham. 

Somerset Gounty, Gharles F. Jones, Skowhegan. 

Waldo Gounty, Ralph Emer\', Belfast. 

Washington Gounty, Levin G. Getchell, Machias. 

York Gounty, John G. Stewart, York Village. 
Secretary: Rev. Jos. Battell Shepherd, Portland. 
Treasurer: Enoch O. Greenleaf, Portland. 
Registrar: Francis L. Littlefield, Portland. 
Librarian: William T. Gousens, Portland. 
Historian: Augustus F. Moulton, Portland. 
Chaplain: Rev. R. F. Johonnot, Auburn. 

Councillors: Willis B. Hall Portland; John W. D. Garter, Port- 
land; Convers E. Leach, Portland; Fred Brunei, Portland; 

Charles L. Andrews, Portland. 


Stephen Longfellow 

By William Willis. 

Stephen Longfellow was descended in the fourth degree from 
William, the first of the name who came to this country and settled 
in the Byefield Parish, in the old town of Newbury, and who 
married there, in 1678, Anne Sewall. She was the daughter of 
Henry Sewall and Jane Dummer, and was born September 3. 1662. 
After the death of her first husband, Longfellow, she married 
Heniy Short. His father, grandfather, and great-grandfather were 
all named Stephen; derived from Stephen Dummer, the father of 
Jane, the first William Longfellow's wife. His grandfather, the 
first immigrant to Maine, graduated at Harvard College in 1742, 
and came to Portland, then Falmouth, as the Grammar School 
Master, in 1745. He filled many offices of honor and trust, and 
exercised an important influence in the affairs of the town and 
county. He was Grammar School Master fifteen years; twenty- 
three years Parish Clerk; twenty-two years Town Clerk; and fif- 
teen years Register of Probate and Clerk of the Judicial Courts; 
several of which offices he held at the same time. His son Stephen 
held the office of Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, and died 
much respected, in 1824, at the age of seventy-four. The grand- 
father died in 1790. 

Stephen Longfellow, the subject of this sketch, was born in 
Gorham, Maine, March 2"^, ij^^. His father who was born in 
Falmouth, and his grandfather, removed to Gorham from Falmouth, 
on its destruction by the British fleet in October, 1775, and remained 
there during their lives. His early days were spent in that town, 
on the farm of his father, and in studies necessary to prepare him 
for his future occupation. Sometimes, in his addresses to the jury, 
he adroitly drew illustrations from his farmer's apprenticeship, to 
point his argument or secure their favorable attention. 

He entered Harvard College in 1794. at the age of eighteen, and at 
once took an honorable position with the government and his col- 
lege companions, by the frankness of his manners and his uniformly 
correct deportment. His scholarship is attested by his election to 
the Phi Beta Kappa society. He had a well-balanced miiul, no part 
so prominent as to overshadow the rest. It was not rapid in its 
movements, nor brlllliant in its course, but its conclusions were 
sound and correct. Fie was inclined to think, compare, and weigh 



closely; he did not soar into the regions of fancy and abstraction, 
but kept on the terra firma of practical common sense. In his hab- 
its he was studious and exemplary, free from every contaminating 
influence. In a class which had its full share of talent and scholar- 
ship, he held a very reputable rank among its high divisions, and 
shared its honors in the assignment of the college government, and 
in the estimation of his classmates. He was a born gentleman, and 
a general favorite of his class. 

These high tributes to the youthful character of Mr. Longfellow 
were fully sustained in his riper years. He graduated in the class 

of Dr. Channing, Judge Story, Professor Sidney Willard, Dr. 
Tuckerman, and other distinguished scholars. 

On leaving college he entered on the study of law with Salmon 
Chase of Portland, and was admitted to practice in 1801. He estab- 
lished himself in Portland where he soon secured a successful and 
honorable business. No man more surely gained the confidence of 
all who approached him, or held it firmer ; and those who knew 
him best, loved him most. 

In 1814, ^ yc^i" oi great excitement to the republic from war 
with England, — a large fleet hanging upon our coast, and a well- 
disciolined armv menacing- our northern frontier. — he was sent to 


the Legislature of Massachusetts, and while there was chose a 
member of the celebrated Hartford Convention, in company with 
Judge Wilde from this State, George Cabot, Harrison Gray Otis, 
and other distinguished Federalists from Massachusetts and the 
other New England States. In 1816 he was chosen an elector of 
President, and with Prentiss Mellan, and the other electors of 
Massachusetts, threw his vote for the eminent statesman, Rufus 
King, a native of Maine. 

In 1822, Mr. Longfellow was chosen to the Eighteenth Congress, 
where he was associated with Lincoln of Maine, Webster of Massa- 
chusetts, Piuchanan of Pennsylvania, Clary of Kentucky, Barbour 
and Randolph of Virginia, McLane of Delaware, Forsyth of 
Georgia, Houston of Tennessee, and Livingston of Louisiana. 
Having served out his term faithfully and well, he took leave of 
jX)Htical life, which had no charm for him, and gave the remainder 
of his years, as far as his health permitted, to his profession. How 
well he served it, the first sixteen volumes of the Massachusetts 
Ref)orts, and the first twelve of the Maine Reports, extending 
through a period of more than thirty years, bear ample testimony. 
In 1828. he received from Bowdoin College the honorable and mer- 
ited distinction of Doctor of Laws. He was one of the trustees of 
that institution from 1817 to 1836. In 1826, he represented Port- 
land in the Legislature, with Isaac Adams and General Fessenden. 
I1: 1834, he was President of the Maine Historical Society, having 
previously held the office of Recording Secretary. 

In his domestic life Mr. Longfellow was as exemplary as he was 
able in public and professional relations. He married in January-, 
1804, Zilpah, daughter of General Peleg Wadsworth of Portland, 
with whom he lived in uninterrupted happiness more than forty-five 
years. She was a woman of fine manners, and of great moral worth. 
By her he had eight children, four sons and four daughters. 

I, Stephen; 2, Henry Wadsworth; 3, Elizabeth; 4, Anne; 5, Alex 
W. ; 6, Mary ; 7, Ellen, and 8, Samuel. 

■ Prof. John C. Mellett of the Department of English, in the Uni- 
versity of Maine, Orono, Maine, writes us : 

I have enjoyed reading the Journal very much and especially the 
article on Colonel John Allan. The feature that interested me, a 
newspaper man, most, was the line you carry at the bottom of your 
advertising pages, as I regard this a common sense, ethical plan. 


Androscoggin Notes 

By Edgar Crosby Smith. 

Androscoggin county was incorporated March 18, 1854, its ter- 
ritory was formed from three other counties as follows : 

The towns of Lewiston, Lisbon and Webster were taken from the 
county of Lincoln ; the towns Auburn, Danville, Durham. Minot 
and Poland from the County of Cumberland ; the towns of Liver- 
more and Turner from the county of Oxford, and the towns of 
East Livermore, Greene, Leeds, and Wales from the county of Ken- 

The act establishing the county also provided that the permanent 
shire town should be either Lewiston. Auburn, or Danville ; and it 
further provided that on the first Monday of October of that year, 
the legal voters of the several towns therein named should deter- 
mine by ballot which of these three towns should be the shire town 
and this action resulted in the choice of Auburn. 

The new county was named for the river Androscoggin which 
flows through it. Its main sources are the Androscoggin lakes in 
Franklin and Oxford counties and in recent years known as the 
Rangeley Lakes, the most prominent of which are Rangeley, Moose- 
lucmaguntic. Kennebago, Richardson and Umbagog. The outlet of 
these lakes form a junction with the Magalloway River near the 
New Hampshire boundar\' line For about thirty-five miles it flows 
southward into the State of Xew Hampshire, then turns abruptly 
tc the south and joins the river Kennebec in Merrymeeting Bay. 
This river measures about 200 miles in length from the sources of 
the Magalloway River to the sea coast.* 

The name Androscoggin is undoubtedly of Indian origin. The 
tribe of the Abenaque Indians which dwelt on the Androscoggin 
River, when it was first discovered by the white men, were known 
as the Annasaguinticooks.' They were a numerous and powerful 
tribe claiming dominion of the waters and lands of this river from 
its sources to Merrymeeting Bay, and on the west side of the Saga- 
dahoc to the sea.* Their principal settlement and encampments was 

C) Chap. 60 Public Laws of Maine, 1854. 

C) Waters of Southern Maine, Frederick Clapp, Washington, D. C, I909- 

(') Williamson, Vol. 2, p. 457. 

n lb, p. 466. 

Hubbard's Indian Wars 281-347. 


at Pejepscot/ or what is now the town of Brunswick. A short 
distance above the Great Falls, they maintained a fort which was 
destroyed by the English in 1690. They were regarded as one of 
the most arrogant, warlike, and bitterly hostile tribes in Maine. 
WTien the first sound of King Phillip's war was heard this tribe 
instantly invaded the plantation of Thomas Purchas, who at Pejep- 
scot was the first settler in this region, (1628), destroyed his prop- 
erty, killed his cattle and carried away most of his effects.* 

The present limits of Androscoggin county embraces a territory 
rich in historic interest. Indian history and legend interwoven with 
the story of the Maine pioneers makes it a field fertile in possibilities 
for the delver into our early history. 

There was an Indian fort at the junction of the two rivers on the 
high ground with the present limits of the city of Auburn, which 
was destroyed by Major Church in 1690. It is said that as Church's 
m,en drove the Indians from their fort they took refuge behind the 
water of the falls, but were finally discovered and driven out. How 
much of this story is legend and how much truth is undeterminable 

Many other facts in history and legends of the redmen are cen- 
tered around the falls of the Androscoggin where now are the bus- 
tling and enterprising cities of Lewiston and Auburn. 

Leeds was settled in 1780 by Thomas and Roger Stinchfield. 
Benjamin Merrill was the first permanent settler of the town of 
Greene. He came from North Yarmouth in November, 1775. Soon 
after the Revolution a number of the soldiers of that war came to 
the town and became settlers. 

Minot with Poland and Old Auburn were included in a grant from 
Massachusetts made to one Baker in 1765, and was originally called 
Bakerstown. This territory was incorporated as a town in 1795 
under the name of Poland. Minot was set ofif and incorporated as 
a town in 1802. receiving its name from Judge Minot who was a 
member of the General Court of Massachusetts, who was of much 
assistance in securing the act of incorporation. 

Wales was incorporated as a town in 18 16. The first settler 
appears to have been James Ross, who came from Brunswick in 
1778; other settlers came in soon after, among whom were Reuben 
Ham, Jonathan and iMexander Thompson, Benjamin and Samuel 
Weymouth, and William Rennick, all of whom settled before 1785. 

(To be continued.) 

(•) Williamson, Vol. i, p. 466. 


Some Early Maine Journalists 

By Charles x\ Pilsbury. 

The first annual Newspaper Institute held at the University of 
Maine, Orono, April 23rd and 24th — an outcome of the recent addi- 
tion to the curriculum of that practical institution of learning of a 
course in journalism, suggests mention, though necessarily brief, of 
some of the early Maine newspaper men who won distinction abroad. 
First, because he was the first newspaper man with whom the pres- 
ent writer became familiar as a reader of the New Mirror, and 
later the Home Journal. Nathaniel Parker Willis is recalled. He 
was a bright star in the literary firmament of his day and his light 
still shines although he died nearly half a century ago. He was 
born in Portland and his father, Nathaniel Willis, was one of the 
pubHshers of the Eastern Argus (weekly) the first number of 
which was issued Sept. 8, 1803. He later became prominent in 
I»oston journalism and was the founder of The Youth's Companion. 
Four members of his family inherited great literary ability — 
Nathaniel P., the youngest son : Richard Storrs, editor, composer 
and poet; Sarah Payson, widely known by her pen name of "Fanny 
Fern," and Julia Bean, an able book reviewer, who all her life did 
anonymous literary work. Fanny Fern was a contributor to Bon- 
ner's New York Ledger, the most widely circulated weekly story 
pi»per of its day, but which, with its many imitators, long since 
ceased publication. Nathaniel Parker Willis is included in the 
American Men of Letters series published by Houghton, Mifflin & 
Co., Boston, and this firm also published a few years ago a collec- 
tion of his writings. He was the author of several books, the best 
known ; "Pencilings by the Way" and "Letters from Under a 
Bridge." The first named told of his travels abroad, where he was 
entertained by the nobility and the most distinguished people of 
that day. He died on his sixty-first birthday, Jan. 20, 1867, at his 
beautiful estate, Idle-wild-on-Hudson. 

George Stillman Hillard, lawyer, editor, poet and distinguished 
man of letters, was the grandson of George Stillman. one of the 
earliest and most distinguished citizens of Machias. He settled there 
as early as 1769 and assisted in building the first meetinghouse. Mr. 
Hillard was born in Machias in 1808, graduated from Harvard in 
1828, and was admitted to the bar in Boston in 1833. In that year 
he became one of the editors of the Christian Register (Unitarian) 
and later was one of the editors of the Boston Courier, the leading 


Whig organ of that day. He was the author of the "Life of John 
Smith," *'Six Months in Italy." etc., an died in 1879. Charles T. 
Congdon in his ''Record of Fifty Years of Journalism," said: **Mr. 
Hillard, who could write brilliant essays, construct clever books 
which the committees were only too glad to introduce into the 
schools, tell in elegant language of his travels in Italy, critically col- 
late the works of Walter Savage Landor and edit Chaucer, proved 
how little he understood the science of public affairs," etc. This 
refers to Mr. Hillard's pro-slavery attitude and his course during 
the agitation leading up to the Civil war, when the Boston Whigs 
"fell without a murmur, and out of sheer fright, into the arms of 
the Democratic party." 

Eastern Maine produced another journalist and author, no less 
distinguished, in James Shepherd Pike of Calais. He was engaged 
in trade, but began writing because he had something to say — first 
in the Boundary Gazette, published in Calais, then in the Portland 
Advertiser, the Boston Atlas, the leading Whig paper in New Eng- 
land, and the Boston Courier, when it was the leading daily news- 
paper this side of New York. His writings in the Courier attracted 
the attention of Horace Greeley, who wrote him this characteristic 
note: "Will you write me some letters? You are writing such 
abominably bad ones for the Boston Courier that I fancy you are 
putting all your unreason into them and can give me some of the 
pure juice." This led to Mr. Pike becoming a regular contributor 
to The Tribune, and he was always spoken of by Mr. Greeley as the 
best political writer in the country. During his connection with 
The Tribune, in which he became a stockholder, it was the most 
influential paper in this country and its utterance carried more 
weight with the American people than any newspaper of the present 
day. In the anti-slavery campaign, and during the Civil war, Mr. 
pike was Mr. Greeley's right hand man and did valiant service. He 
was a candidate for office but once, when he ran for Congress in 
1850 in the old 5th Maine district and was defeated by T. J. D. 
Fuller. In recognition of his distinguished services in the cause of 
the Union President Lincoln appointed Mr. Pike Minister to The 
Hague, but after holding the office for five years he became tired of 
it and resigned to resume writing for the press. During recon- 
struction in South Carolina he visited that State and his letters to 
The Tribune were later published in book form under the title of 
'The prostrate State." On his death in 1882, Charles A. Dana, who 
was associated with Mr. Pike on The Tribune, paid him a marked 
tribute in the editorial rolnmns of the New York Sun. 


Portland was the birthplace of James and Erastus Brooks, dis- 
tinguished journalists and prominent in politics. James studied law 
in Portland, wrote for newspapers and in 1832 went to Washington 
as a correspondent and was a pioneer in that line. Later he became 
the editor of the Portland Advertiser and travelled in Europe, send- 
ing home letters to the Advertiser. On his return he stopped in 
New York and arranged with parties there to establish an evening 
paper, the Express, but promised to return to Portland when he 
had placed his brother Erastus in charge and to keep up his editorial 
connection with both papers. He did not return to Portland, how- 
ever, and soon became prominent in politics in New York. He 
served two terms in Congress before the Civil War, was again 
elected to the House in 1865 and served continuously until 1873, 
and died in that year. His brother Erastus edited the Yankee at 
Wiscasset and later the Gazette at Haverhill, Mass.. and about 1840 
went to Washington as correspondent for several New York papers. 
He was nominated by the Democrats for Governor of New York, 
but was defeated. He served several terms in the legislature of the 
Empire State and was quite as prominent in public life as his brother 
James, with whom he was associated in the publication of the Even- 
ing Express. The paper was successful under their management 
and later was consolidated with the Mail, an evening paper. 

George Mellville Weston was born in Augusta in 1816, graduated 
from Bowdoin in 1834, and was admitted to the bar in 1837. He 
practiced law in Augusta for five years and edited The Age, the 
leading Democratic organ in the State, until after the campaign of 
1844, "in which he won distinction as a political writer of great 
intellectual ability.'* He then moved to Bangor, where he continued 
the practice of law and was engaged in editorial work. Later he 
went to Washington and was the editor of Free Soil papers that 
succeeded The National Era, and was the first editor of The National 
Republican. He was the author of books on money, silver and 
slavery which gave him a wide reputation as a writer of signal 
ability. He died in 1887. 

This list might be extended indefinitely. Portland was the birth- 
place of many distinguished journalists in addition to those men- 
tioned, and there were many graduates from the Portland Advertiser 
who achieved success in other fields. It should also be said that in 
more recent years, and at the present time, Maine newspaper men 
have well maintained the prestige of the past, and the new school of 
journalism will no doubt add to their numbers. 



Entered as second class matter at the post office, Dover, Maine, by Ja&n 
Francis SpragTje. Eldiitor and Publisher. 

Terms: For all numbers issued during the year, including an index and all 
special issues, ILOO. Single copies, 25 cents. Bound volumes of same, il.T5. 

Bound volumes of Vol. I. $2.50. Vol. I (bound) will be furnished to new sub- 
scribers to the Journal for %2M. 

Postage prepaid on all items. 

Commencing with VoL 3, the terms will be $1.00 only to subscribers who pay 
In advance, otherwise $1.50. 

"The lives of former generations ar(? a lesson to posterity; that 
a man may rczicu' the remarkable events n'hich have happened to 
others, and be admonished; and may consider the history of people 
of preceding ages, and of all that hath befallen them, and be restrained. 
Extolled be the perfection of Him who hath thus ordained the his- 
tory of former generations to be a lesson to those which follow." 
— Tales of a Thousand and One Nights. 

Vol. Ill MAY, 1915 No. 1 

Maine History as a Popular Study 

The newspapers of Maine generally are entitled to much credit 
and deserve more than ordinan,^ commendation for their efforts 
along the lines of enhancing public interest in the study and research 
of Maine history.' 

The Eastern Argus of Portland maintains a department each 
week devoted exclusively to Maine historical and genealogical sub- 
jects and the Bangor Harbor Times is also doing valuable work of a 
similar nature. 

But none of them excel the Lewiston Journal in this respect. 

On January i of the present years its publishers issued a circular 
addressed "To the Members of the Maine Federation of Women's 
Clubs," proposing to the club women of Maine "a prize contest," 
the object being *'to stimulate the club women to study the history 
of their own town." The only conditions were that (i) the article 
was to be written by a club woman belonging to the Federation and 
(2) that the subject should be a local historical topic, or of some 
personage or family connected with local history, and that the article 
was to be illustrated by at least two pictures. It was announced 
that the points that would count in the judging would be ( i ) his- 
torical value; (2) vivacity of style; (3) originally of treatment; 
(4) the human interest in the story. 


Such efforts to popularize the study of Maine history are assuredly 
worthy of public approval. 

It is just such work as this that the school officers of Maine, from 
the salaried state superintendent to the school committees of the 
smallest towns and plantations, should engage in and direct the 
teachers of the state to attend to. 

It is now two years since, that by the publication of the Journal, 
we began to be in close touch with public sentiment in Maine regard- 
ing this matter. The result of our experience and observation is 
that in our opinion as we have before mentioned the press of Maine 
is friendly to this cause and ready at all times to give it generous 
space and words of cheer and encouragement ; and also we find 
many in the professions and in business circles, many publicists 
and patriotic, public spirited and progressive citizens, who love the 
fair name of the Pine Tree State, who revere her history and her 
traditions and who are in hearty accord with it all. 

Especially is this true of the members of the legal profession and 
the clergy- of the State, and it should be added that not the least 
among the latter who manifest a deep interest in Maine's early 
history are the clergymen of the Catholic faith And yet from 
our view point candor constrains us to assert that while there are 
notable exceptions among the school officers and teachers, we believe 
the public school system of Maine as a whole is sadly neglectful 
and inexcusably indifferent in its appreciation of the importance 
and value of giving this study the place that it deserves in the school 

Mr. DeForest H. Perkins, Superintendent of Schools for the city 
oi Portland, is fully recognized as one of the ablest school officers 
in New England. In a recent conversation with the writer he ex- 
pressed himself as in hearty accord with any movement that could 
be made to encourage the study of Maine history in our public 

Undoubtedly the need of a text-book relating to the study of 
Maine history, one that is brief, concise and comprehensive and 
written in a style that would be attractive to youthful minds and 
not be pronounced "dry reading," is urgent and possibly a partial 
cause for this unsatisfactory, if not to say deplorable state of affairs. 
That such a book is required is apparent but it is only the school 
department of the state that can create a real demand for it. 


The present issue of the Journal is the first part of the third 
volume, which begins under the most favorable auspices. It is 
the emphatic intention of the Journal to keep its pages largely 
devoted to subjects relative to early Maine history. Yet it is 
just as much the proper work of such a publication to make a 
record of important events, enterprises and men of note of the 
present period to be preserved for the use of future generations 
as it is to make research of similar events, enterprises and men 
of note of the past centuries. 

Our space will probably never permit us to do very much along 
the lines of the former yet we do hope to do something occa- 
sionally in this direction. The article in this issue relative to the 
Honorable Peter Charles Keegan, one of the strong men of the 
Maine of today, is an earnest of what we hope to do. 

The next number will be an extra one and will not inter- 
fere at all with the continuity of the four regular quarterly num- 
bers, will also be a feature in this same course of action as it 
v/ill be devoted exclusively to the past and present history of the 
booming Jackman and Moose River region. 

Notes and Fragments 

The General Knox .Chapter D. A. R. of Thomaston, Maine, is 
making a most commendable efifort to raise funds to erect a Knox 
Memorial building in honor of the memory of General Knox and 
to be used as a Museum of Arts and Sciences. 

A circular recently issued by this Chapter, says : If time had 
spared ''Montpelier," the fine mansion which at the close of the 
Revolution Knox built on the banks of the Georges at Thomaston, 
Maine, and where he entertained many distinguished guests, we 
should have such a memorial, second in historic interest only to 
Mount Vernon. Montpelier, unhappily, is gone but much of its 
furniture and many other relics of Knox and his period are still 
carefully preserved by his descendants, or scattered in various 
homes in and about Thomaston, and a large part of these could be 
brought together by gift or loan, if there existed a safe and suitable 
building in which they could be housed and exhibited to the public. 

Contributions and pledges may be sent to either Miss Emma G. 
Shields, Treasurer of the Knox Academy of Arts and Sciences, 76 
Broad street, Rockland; or to Mrs. Richard O. Elliot, Regent Gen- 
eral Knox Chapter, D. x\. R., Thomaston, 


All money received for the purposes set forth in this circular, 
will be placed on deposit in the Rockland and Thomaston banks 
to the credit of the Knox ^lemorial Building Fund, and will not be 
drawn upon for any other purpose. 

The State of !^Iaine is far behind all of its older sister states in 
appropriating money for the preservation of historic sites and 
places. Its policy has always been painfully and absurdly conser- 
vative in this regard. But it is only a question of time before there 
shall be an awakening of the people along these lines. When it 
comes this important movement will receive the State aid that it cer- 
tainly deserves. 

Charles Horace Nelson of Waterville was born in Palermo, 
Maine, in 1833, and died at Togus, March 30, 191 5. He was long 
known among his friends and the fraternity of **horse men" gen- 
erally as "Hod" Nelson. 

Before the State became noted for producing immense crops of 
potatoes and its dairying industry there was a period in the agri- 
cultural history of the State, (1880-1895) when Maine enjoyed a 
veritable horse-breeding boom, and for a decade at least Maine's 
fast trotting horses had a world-wide fame. Very much of this 
condition was due to Mr. Nelson and his horse Nelson. 

The respective careers of Nelson the man, owner, breeder, driver 
and race track habitue ; and Nelson the horse, a superb beast that 
was the world's champion trotting stallion for a time added greatly 
to the fame of the Pine Tree State as a great horse breeding section 
of the country. 

He was a unique character, positive in his nature, forceful, and 
in some ways eccentric. His life was more or less a checkered one; 
he had served as a soldier in the Union Army in two Maine regi- 
ments and was a member of the G. A. R. 

Probably no human being ever loved a speechless animal more 
fervently than did Hod Nelson love the horse that bore his name. 

He will long be remembered for sterling qualities and this deep 
and somewhat remarkable affection for, and devotion to his horse, 
is among the most beautiful of them. 

"Three years a Volunteer Soldier in the Civil War. Antietam to 
Appomattox," is the title of an exceedingly interesting brochure by 
Honorable George D. Bisbee of Rumford Falls, Maine, that the 


Journal has recently received from the author. It comprises a paper 
that he read May 9, 19 10, before the Commandery of the State of 
Maine, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, 
and is devoted to a graphic description of some of his personal 
experience as a second lieutenant of the Sixteenth Maine regiment, 
which includes the story of his life of nearly two years in Libby 
and other Confederate prisons. It is a valuable contribution to the 
militarv literature of Maine. 

Mr. G. T. Ridlon, Sr., in a recent communication to the historical 
department of the Eastern Argus, having stated therein that he had 
recently been in Boston and Providence engaged in historical and 
genealogical research, remarks : 

In passing will say that genealogical research by one whose taste leads them 
into (these fields affords one of the best opportunities for the acquisition of 
historical, genealogical and general information. For the last two months 
I have been in the company of sages, philosophers, poets, saints, judges, 
sculptors, great generals and engineers ; indeed I have made mental excur- 
sions across many seas, visiting many foreign lands and living over the 
decades that long ago passed into the vanished of the eternities. This while 
handling about two thousand ponderous volumes of foreign books. 

Honorable Hiram Knowlton, one of the oldest members of the 
Maine Bar and a type of Maine's high and staunch citizenship, died 
in Portland, Maine. April 6, 191 5. Mr. Knowlton lived to the 
advanced age of 92 years, having been born in New Portland, 
Maine, August 17, 1823. He was the son of William and Mary 
(Chapman) Knowlton, and a grandson, on his mother's side, of 
Nathaniel Chapman, who served four and one-half years in the War 
of the Revolution. In his early life he practiced law in the towns 
of Mercer and Skowhegan ; he moved to the city of Portland in 
1874, where he resided until the time of his death. He was one of 
tlie founders of the Republican party in this state, and in the early 
days was active in political affairs. He was Clerk of Courts of 
Somerset county, 1863-8 and was Treasurer of that county from 
1859 to 1869. 

He was a member of the Maine House of Representatives, 1873-4 
and a member of Governor Perham's executive council in 1871 
and was a member of the State Valuation Commission for Cum- 
berland county and its chairman in 1890. He was a member of 
the Board of Trustees of Bates College and the Maine Central Insti- 


tiite and President of the International Telegraph Company. He 
was a member of the Masonic Fraternity and the Free Baptist 

During his life he was a zealous advocate of prohibition and was 
attorney for the Civic League and other temperance organizations. 

When Hannibal Hamlin was a great political leader in this State 
Mr. Knowlton was for many years one of his ablest and most 
trusted friends and lieutenants in his political campaigns. 

The Journal has received the following interesting letter from 
Judge Edgar C. Smith, Corresponding Secretary of the Piscataquis 
County Historical Society. 

Dover, Maine, May 11, 191 5. 
Editor Spraguc's Journal of Maine History: 

Our society has recently received the report of the State His- 
torian for 1913-1914, and I have read the same with interest. 

Dr. Burrage is doing a much needed work for our State, limited 
as he is by the lack of financial assistance by way of State appro- 

On page 9, et seq., he refers to the northeastern boundary con- 
troversy written by Governor Washburn, and remarks that but little 
been told with that fullness and exactness which a mattter of so 
much importance demands." He speaks of the sketch of the con- 
troversy written by Governor Washburn, and remarks that but little 
attention has been given to Maine's part in this matter of so much 
national and historical importance. He mentions the four volumes 
of manuscript documents in the State Library and comments upon 
their great historical value. He devotes nearly half of his report 
of nine pages to the subject of the northeastern boundary, and 
yet he never mentions the work that our society has done in the 
direction of writing and preserving the history of that controversy. 

In Vol. I, of our Collections, published in 1910, over 200 pages 
are devoted to the topic and the publication of those very docu- 
ments which he refers to as being in the State Library, and as an 
introduction to the documentary history is an article of about 70 
printed pages, written by our president. John Francis Sprague. 
which is the most complete, concise and accurate historical account 
of the Aroostook War and the Northeastern Boundary Controversy 
ever written. 


I can agree with Dr. Burrage that there is still a great deal more 
to be done in this direction, but our society has made a start and ail 
we are waiting for is a little more assistance from the State to push 
the publication of these documents on to completion, so that they 
may be readily available to all historical students. 

Yours respectfully, 

Corr.espotidiug Secretary. 

Sayings of Subscribers 

General Augustus B. Farnham, Bangor, Maine : 

"I regard Sprague's Journal as a most valuable publication and 
believe it contains much that is of value and worthy of preserva- 

Mr. P. S. Heald, Waterville, Maine : 

"I have found the two Volumes of Sprague's Journal that have 
been sent me very interesting and valuable." 

Reverend George A. Martin, St. Johnsbur}% Vt. : 

"Accept my heartiest congratulations on the splendid work which 

you are doing in connection with the Journal. 

"Among all the papers and magazines which come to me, there 

is none more highly prized than the Journal." 

Mrs. Janet Harding Blackford, Machias, Maine: 
"I have enjoyed the Journal very much and especially the excel- 
lent article on Colonel John Allan in the February number." 

Honorable Clarence Hale, Portland. Maine: 

"I have read with great interest your article on Colonel John 
Allan, in Sprague's Journal of Maine History for February. (/) 
It is of real value, historically. Your Journal is of increasing value 
all the time." 

(*) Vol. 2, p. 22,2. 


Mrs. Josephine Richards. Newcastle, Indiana : 

"Am much interested in the Journal. The notes on the Aroostook 
War reminded me that the musket carried in that war by George 
French, my father's brother, a boy. probably eighteen years of age, 
is in mv home in this western state." 

Honorable Daniel Lewis, Skowhegan, Maine : 

"I herewith enclose my check for one dollar to renew my sub- 
scription to your very interesting Journal of Maine History. Don't 
I remember the old Moose Horn guide post and rejoice that a new 
Moose Horn has taken its place, since we can no longer have the 
old one? 

Don't I remember the old fashioned cider apple sauce, and join 
in the regrets that the making of it appears to be among the lost 

New Mount Kineo House and Annex 

IWoos&l^&etd L.ake^, Kin^o, /V\aine- 

In the Centre of the Great Wilderness on a Peninsula Under the 
Shadow of Mount Kineo 

On the east side of the most beautiful lake in New Ena^land, forty 
miles long- and twenty miles wide, dotted with islands, and with hundreds 
of smaller lakes and streams in easy proximity, in the midst of some of the 
grandest scenery in America, is the 


recently remcxleled and with many improvements added: makinjf it second to none for 
comfort, convenience and recreation. 

It IS a Palace in the Maine womls and in the heart of the zreat ?ame region. 

This region leads all others for trouL and salmon, Sprin? and Summer tishing. 

The NEW MOUNT KINEO HOUSE opens June 27, remaining 
open to September 28th. New Annex opens May 16, closes Sept. 28 


containing full description of its attractions for health and pleasure during the Summer 
season. First-clas-s transportation facilities offered during the seasons. 

Ricker Hotel Company, Kineo. Maine, 

C M. JUDKINS, A^anager. 



t- e; 
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> r. i 72 

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Pleasantly situated in the beautiful village 
of Foxcroft, Maine 

We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages 


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Best Place in Northern Maine for you Auto Trip Dinner 

Long Distance Telephone Telegraph Service. Two Mails Daily 

Equipped with modem furnishings throughout; 

steam heat ; electric lights ; baths ; spring water 

In the Heart of Fishing and Hunting Region, and within two miles of 

the Bangor & Aroostook and Canadian Pacific R. R. 

Stations at Greenville Junction 

ARTHUR A. CRAFTS, Proprietor 

Greenville Junction, - fiDaine 


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What More Do You Want? 

Charles Folsom-Jones 



Jackman and the Moose River Region 55 

Jackman's Live Business Men ; 73 

The CathoHc Church and Its Schools 74 

Abram Nev^ton 75 

Correspondence 'JJ 

Maine Local Histories 80 


Lumber Mills of the Jackman Lumber Co. 
Jackman, Maine. 

Sprague's Journal of Maine History 

Vol. Ill JULY, 1915 No. 2 

Jackman and the Moose River 

By the Editor. 

On the northwesterly side of the State of Maine, in a north- 
easterly direction from the Rangeley Lakes, up in a vast wilder- 
ness among the mountains of Canada and back of the boundary 
range of mountains, (') may be found the sources of Moose River 
which flows in an easterly direction and empties into Moosehead 
Lake. Near its mouth at this lake is the pretty village of Rock- 
wood, at the terminus of the Maine Central Railroad. 

The valley up and down this river, its streams, ponds, lakes, 
hills, meadows, sporting camps, farms and villages, with the moun- 
tainous grandeur in the distance, altogether constitute one of the 
real beauty spots in the wilderness country of Maine It possesses 
a charm peculiar to itself, incomparable with any other; a unique- 
ness that is pronounced and instantly impresses the stranger who 
visits that region. He knows it, feels it, and at once becomes a 
part of it, and is obsessed with a spirit of its varied beauty. Its 
nearness to forests and wild life, its culture, its churches, its 

( ) The boundary range of mountains are about fifteen miles westerly 
from Jackman and Moose River plantations, and are a section of the boun- 
dary line between Maine and Canada, and divide the waters which on the 
westerly side flow into the St. Lawrence, from those on the easterly side 
which flow into the State of Maine. They are a part of the "highlands" 
mentioned in the Treaty of 1783 and this word highlands was the storm 
center of the North Eastern Boundary Controversy between the English 
and American Governments for more than a half century and which was 
so serious at one time that a war between the two governments was barely 

The Americans construed the word highlands as meaning any ridge of 
land that divided the waters whether actually high hills and mountains or 
otherwise. The English contention was that its proper definition was a 
high and mountainous region like the "highlands" of Scotland. The dispute 
raged and was acute until it was finally setded by the Webster-Ashburton 
Treaty in 1842. 

(See Collections of the Piscataquis Historical Society, Vol. r, pp. 216-441.) 


schools and its industrial activities so strongly blended with and 
unseparated from the primeval, enraptures him. 

The river is about 60 miles long and is notable for one rather 
curious feature, which is, that it is a continuation of ponds and 
lakes but which are really only enlargements of the one river. 

The early settlers, the explorers, the lumbermen, guides, hunters 
and map makers, have all given these enlargements of Moose River 
district names and seemed to treat them as separate sheets of water. 

You have Attean Pond' and the Wood ponds. Long Pond and 
Brassua Lake, but after all they are only enlarged parts of this 
unique river. 

When the first voyagers arrived on the coast of IMaine in the 
early days of the seventeenth century, they explored routes for 
a highway from this coast to Quebec in Canada. For more than 
two centuries it was a dream of the Colonists of New England 
which was never realized until the present road from the Kenne- 
bec to Quebec was opened to the public. This road was first sur- 
veyed and laid out by virtue of a resolve passed by the Legislature 
of Massachusetts, June 12, 1817. The Legislature of ^Nlaine did 
not act upon this matter until the session of 1826 when it passed 
a resolve authorizing the Governor and Council to appoint an 
agent for ''the purpose of opening or causing to be cleared and 
made passable, the road called the Kennebec road, north of the 
million acre,^ in the county of Somerset." 

The session of 1827 passed a "Resolve relative to the State 
Road north of the Bingham Purchase." This resolve authorized 
the Governor and Council to appoint one or more agents '*to 
examine the road from the north line of the Bingham Purchase, 
in the county of Somerset to the line of this State." It also pro- 
vided that these agents should cause to be made so much of said 
road, as passes over land belonging to this State, and one-half of 
so much of said road as passes over land belonging to this State 
and Massachusetts jointly, safe and convenient for travellers, with 
their horses, carts, sleighs and carriages. It also provided for the 
sale of a township six miles square of the state lands the proceeds 
of which should be used for this purpose. 

(') Also known as Lake Attean. 

(') The Kennebec Bingham Purchase was formerly known locally as 
the "Million Acres." 


On January 2^. 1827, George Evans* made a report to the Legis- 
lature relative to this road in which it is stated that the object 
to which the favorable attention of the Legislature is solicited, has 
for a long period been regarded worthy of public patronage by 
the government of Z^Iassachusetts and this State. The following 
are excerpts from same: 

By virtue of a resolve passed by the Legislature of Massachusetts, in June, 
1817, the commissioners, for the sale and settlement of the public lands, 
caused a road to be surveyed during the same year, from the north line of 
the Bingham Purchase, in the county of Somerset, to the boundary line 
between this state, and Canada, in a direction toward the city of Quebec. 
The sum of five thousand dollars appropriated by the same resolve, was soon 
after expended under the direction of the commissioners, in opening the 
road which had been thus surveyed. Little more, however, was accomplished 
at that time, than cutting down the trees and smaller growth and the erec- 
tion of a substantial bridge at Moose River 

the road yet remaining unfinished, and although it has 

been occasionally used by drovers, who have found a favorable market in 
the British. Provinces for horses and cattle, it is wholly impassable for 
carriages ; and the benefits anticipated from its establishment, have been 
but in small degree realized. 

In 1828 a resolve was passed authorizing further exploration of 
unfinished parts of the road. 

In 1830 the Legislature passed the following: 

Resolved, That the sum of four thousand and one hundred dollars, in 
addition to the unexpended balance of last year, be. and hereby is appro- 
priated for the purpose of making and completing, in a manner, convenient 
for carriages to pass thereon, that part of the Canada road so called, which 
is now unfinished, the same being about nine miles on the route examined 
and reported by Messrs. Redington, Sewall and Smith, situated in this 
State between the Canada line ard the north line of the Bingham Purchase. 
The same resolve also appointed Charles Miller, of Waldoborough, and John 
C. Glidden, of Freedom, agents to perform this work. 

February 25, 183 1, Francis O. J. Smith,' chairman of a special 
legislative committee to whom was referred the resolve in favor 
of Miller and Glidden made an exhaustive report reciting a history 
of the road, of the alterations that had been made in it and of the 
relations and obli^^ations of Massachusetts relative to it. 

(*) Hoiiorable George Evans of Gardiner, Maine, afterwards (1841- 
1847) U. S. Senator from the State of Maine. 

(') Honorable Francis. O. J. Smith of Portland, Maine, a prominent 
public man of that time. He was a lawyer, politician and journalist and 
Member of Congress three terms (1833-1839.) 


In 1832 Jarius S. Keith, chairman of a special committee made 
a report to the Senate regarding matters in dispute about tlie road, 
a considerable portion of which was in reference to changing its 
course so that it would run west of Bald Mountain. In this report 
it was stated that Quebec had already become an imponant market 

for the sale of Elaine cattle, horses and sheep that 1,394 

beef cattle, 249 horses, 956 sheep, and 14 tons of fresh fish, passed 
over that road for the Quebec market, between the first day of 
January and the 31st day of December, 1831. This information 
was obtained from the Custom House officer stationed on this road. 

The following is one of the reports of the agents appointed to 
open this road made to the Governor and Council in 1830, and ex- 
plains the situation at that time so clearly and concisely that we 
copy it in full : 


To the Coventor and Council of the State of Maine: 

The undersigned, Agents appointed on the first day of March, A. D. 1828, 
under the Resoh-e passed the 24th of Januar\', of the same year, entitled, 
"Resolve relating to the State road north of the Bingham purchase;" other- 
wise called the Canada road, to make or cause to be made under their 
personal superintendence the road aforesaid, now submit their accounts 
for settlement, with the following report of their doings and the present 
situation of the road. 

Under the authority of the Re.-olve aforesaid, the Agents selected the 
Township No. i, 2d Range Xorth of the Bingham purchase, containing 
18,284 acres, and the same was sold on the day of July, 1828, by the 

Land Agent, on credit, at thirty cents per acre, amounting to $5,485.20, of 
which sum $5,coo was appropriated by the Resolve, for m.aking the road, 
together with $4,187.60, the proceeds of the sale of the township granted by 
Massachusetts, total amount of the appropriation $9,187.60, exclusive of 
interest, which has amounted to $291.11 on the sale of the land appropri- 
ated by Maine, and $318.65 on that granted by Massachusetts. 

The reasons which influenced the agents to advise to sell on credit 
were, that the land would probably bring a higher price, and the season 
was too far advanced to commence work that summer. The road throu3"h 
the north part of the Bingham purchase, about forty miles, was extremely 
bad, and supplies for the workmen could not be transported at that season 
without great expense. Moose river Bridge only, was repaired in the 
autumn of 1828, and the following winter was agreed upon for transporting 
tools and provisions on to the ground, to be in readiness to commence 
work the last spring. 

The Agents decided in favor of making a good carriage road, and the 
Agent of the Bingham heirs pledged himself to us, that he would make 
the road over the Bingham land, as good as that made by the State, let 
us make it as well as we would. It is obviously for the interest of the 



State to make a good road over the public land, if by so doing- a like good 
road for the additional distance of forty miles, can be obtained. During 
the two last years the Agent for the Bingham heirs has done much to 
improve the road over their lands, and the undersigned have full confidence 
that he will redeem his pledge. Travellers report that the inhabitants on 
the Canada side of the line are anxious for the completion of the road, and 
that from si.xty to seventy men were employed to make the same, in that 
Province the last summer. 

The tools- and part of the provisions necessary for the work were pur- 
chased; principally in Hallowell and Augusta earl}- last winter; corn and 
grain was procured in Xorridgewock ; and the whole transported to the 
vicinity of the road by sleding last winter. The unusual deep snows in- 
creased the expense of transportation and rendered it extremely difficult 
to forward the articles to their place of destination. 

A few hands were employed in the month of May to build camps and 
make the necessary preparation, and from the beginning of June until the 
last of September the average number of men who laboured on the road 
was about sixty, with eight pairs of oxen. 

The Agents had to encounter many difficulties and suffer many incon- 
veniences. The mcs: part of the provisions and tools were transported over 
one hundred miles by land. Hay and provender from ten to one hundred 
miles. Iron and iron work for repairing tools and shoes- for oxen was 
an expensive bill. Fifteen miles of the road is made of sufficient width 
for one carriage to pass another, and well turnpiked, except about half a 
mile, which was postponed on account of the rains: and the trees cut and 
cleared away so that the path may no: be hereafter obstructed by windfalls. 
The ledges were removed or lowered by burning wood upon them instead 
of blasting with powder : in places where the rocks could not be moved, 
they were burnt and levelled with sledges and then covered with earth. 

Nine miles remain to be opened, and when made, the whole distance of 
twenty-four miles from the north line of the Bingham purchase to the 
Canada line, will be more level than the present post road from Augusta 
to Bangor. Part of the land over which the road passes is suitable for 
cultivation, and part is very rocky and barren. 

The Agents are fully satisfied of the importance of the road to this 
State, by the number of travellers who pass through it, even before it is 
opened, and they have information in which full confidence may be placed, 
that numerous travellers from the South in the summer season are desirous 
of passing through Maine, on their way to or from Quebec. 

When the work was suspended, the oxen purchased in the spring were 
sold, and notes for the same, payable to the Treasurer of the State with 
mterest, are now in the hands of the agents. The average expense to 
the State for the use of a pair of oxen nearly four months, has been about 
$20, and would have been less had not the price of stock been unusually low 
in autumn, compared with prices in spring, when the oxen were purchased. 

The provision- and tools remaining on hand are well secured for use 
next spring. An inventory thereof is herewith submitted. All bills are 
paid, and to effect this the Agents were obliged to hire money, while that 
appropriated to make the road was lying in the Treasurj- of the State. 



The whole amount expended on the road is $9,373-8i including interest on 
money borrowed of the Vassalborough Bank. 

There is nine miles of road to make, and there remains of the appro- 
priation unexpended, 

including interest, $437 3^ 

Articles sold belonging to the State 8i 00 

Proceeds of the sale of Oxen 4^9 I9 

Supplies and tools on hand 3^3 49 

Total $1,331 04 

The State of Maine is obliged by the terms of agreement with Massa- 
chusetts to complete the road by the first day of November next, or forfeit 
the amount of the sale of the land granted by that Commonwealth, and the 
undersigned are of opinion that a further appropriation of $4,500 will be 
necessary to meet the expense, and they are further of opinion, that the 
expense of making the road has been increasd by the appointment of three 
agents instead of one. 

Which is respectfully submitted, 


February 17, 1830. 

It is difficult to fix the precise date when the entire length of 
this road was opened or made passable to the public for the use 
of teams, carriages and vehicles of all kinds. It must have been 
somewhere from 1837 to 1840. From the time Massachusetts 
made the first beginning towards it (1817) as we have seen, it 
must have been about twenty years in developing into a passable 
and travelled road. It is not strange that the building of such a 
highway passing through fertile lands suitable for settlers even 
though it was situated far into the most northern portion of Maine, 
should attract the hardy pioneer and adventurer seeking a new 
region for home building. In about two years from the time v/hen 
the Massachusetts Legislature passed the resolve above referred 
to the first settler made his appearance on the line of the Canada 
road, in what is now known as Moose River plantation and had 
become quite a substantial farmer some years before the road itself 
was a reality. This plantation is situated 76 miles north of Skow- 
hegan and 15 miles south of the Canada line. 

The following relating to the early history of Moose River 
Plantation, which Plantation formerly embraced what is now Jack- 
man and Denny stown plantations, was furnished the Journal by 
Mrs. Grace N. Sterlin^^:: 


"The first settlers of Moose River, Maine, were Captain Samuel 
Holden and his wife, Jane Farnsworth Holden of Groton, Massa- 
chusetts. Captain Holden started from Anson, Maine, for Moose 

River, Maine, on 
^^-^^^^^^'C'^'^r^'^ March 4th, 1819. 

They made the 
journey from 
the forks of the 
Kennebec River 
(now known as 
The Forks) to 
Moose River on 
snow - shoes, as 
the snow was 
deep in the 
woods at this 
time of year. 
Captain Holden 

built a log cabin, covered it with bark and here they made their 
home in the midst of the wilderness. There was not an inhabitant 
for miles around and had it not been for the abundance of fish in 
the river and the game in the surrounding forests, they could not 
have lived ; but 


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■-]%■ '---vJL-a^-i'' 

Log Hauling in tJie Maine Woods in 1815 






with the small 
amounts re- 
ceived from 
travelers that 
were passing 
back and forth 
from Canada, as 
shown by the ac- 
count books of 
Mr. Holden, en- 
abled them to 
obtain a living 
the first, sec- 
ond and third years. After this time they were enabled to 
raise small crops and before long (1822) the Captain had a plenty. 
Before his death there was quite a settlement formed around him. 
Captain Samuel Holden was the fourth child of Jahei and Rachel 


Log Hauling in the Maine Woods, 1915 


Farnsworth Holden of Groton, ^lassachusetts. Jahez Holden was 
born May 12th, 1735, and married Rachel Farnsworth who was 
born Jan. 29th, 1738. They were married on the nth day of June, 
when she was twenty-three years of age. To this union six chil- 
dren were born, and when the youngest, who were twins, were 
born Jahez Holden enlisted and fought in the Revolutionary W^ar. 
The following story was told to the writer by ^Ir. Jonas Colby as 
he heard it from his grandfather: 'At the battle of Bunker Hill, 
an entrenchment was dug breast high to protect them from the 
British. The British came in at the end and the Yankees ran be- 
cause they were out of ammunition. Jahez Holden had his musket 
loaded with nine buck shots, he was looking at the British instead 
of his own men, he fired and this is what he said 'if powder and 
ball ever killed human beings it must have killed some there ' 
Mr. Holden was wounded in the side, the ball grazed the skin, and 
he had his arm broken, but still carried the gim. This is the 
record found in Groton during the Revolution, 'Massachusetts 
Soldiers and Sailors in the \\'ar of the Revolution', Vol. 8. pp. 
33-100: 'Jahez Holden, Groton, Captain ist Company 6th ^Ud- 
dlesex County Regiment of Massachusetts I\Iilitia, list of officers 
commissioned April 24. 1776, also Captain 6th Company. Return 
dated Groton, Dec. 5, 1776, made by Brigadier General Oliver 
Precot, of officers appointed to command men drafted from Mid- 
dlesex County Militia into a regiment to be commanded by Colonel 
Samuel Thatcher and ordered to march to Fairfiel 1, Connecticut, 
on or before Dec. 16, 1776. Company drafted from the 6th Mid- 
dlesex County regiment and made up of men from Groton, Pep- 
perell, Townsend and A-hley, ^^lassachusetts.' Captain Jahez 
Holden died June 2nd. 1807 and his wife Rachel Holden moved to 
Moose River with her son, Captain Samuel Holden. where she 
died Jan. 26th, 1829, at the advanced age of 91 years. She is 
buried in the Holden cemetery at ]Moose River. Maine. Captain 
Samuel Holden's family consisted of eleven children all of these 
being born at Anson, ^Nlaine, with the exception of two daughters 
and one son who were born in Groton, Massachusetts." 

Mrs. Lucinda Holden Campbell of Jackman has in her posses- 
sion the following letter : 

'Moose River, Maine, June 5th, 1820. 
Dear Sister & Brother: 

I take this opportunity to write to you and to let you know of 
our health, which is very good at present, through Almighty good- 


ness, and while He is lifting up with one hand He is pulling down 
with the other. We moved to Moose River last March. Fifty- 
three miles from any inhabitant and lived very comfortably till 
the 1st day of May, when our house took fire and was consumed 
with all its contents and left us destitute of provisions or anything 
else. I lost all my bedding and am obliged to lie on the ground 
in a very poor camp. Now if you have any feeling of charity for a 
distressed sister I wish you to send me something, you and the 
rest of my aunts and cousins, if they feel sympathy. Please to 
send me some salt if nothing else, send it to John Eveleth of Au- 
gusta, and send me a letter directed to }^Ioose River to be left at 
Anson P. O. Tlie fire burnt up ten acres of winter rye. Our 
loss is about $1,000. I have worked out doors thirty-six days, not 
having anything to do. This from your distressed sister and 

Address en letter 

To Amos Otis, 


Postage 18 1-2.' 

"This house which is referred to in this letter was built on the 
farm now owned by Richard Holden. The old cellar can yet be 
seen. After this was burned the second camp was built, where 
Willie Pierce lives today. After this camp had served its purpose 
and Captain Samuel prospered he built a frame house which is 
still standing and is occupied by W. J. Murtha. After Captain 
Samuel Holden opened the way several other families moved in 
and settled around, one of them being Asa Churchill, who built 
a house on the farm now owned in Jackman village by A. Guay. 
Some parts of the old house still exist, in different places in town. 
The second house in Jackman plantation was built by Milintus 
Holden on what is now known as the Colby farm. 

"The town of Jackman derived its name from Jim Jackman of 
Solon, Maine, who cleared and settled on what is known as the 
'Old Jackman Field' 10 miles south of ^loose River bridge. The 
date is unknown. 

"Captain Samuel Holden was a very religious man, as he was 
always ready to entertain any preacher that might come into the 
town, and early records show that different preachers of several 
different denominations came occasionallv to hold services and 


from an early date a Sunday School was conducted in the homes 
and schoolhouse, dating back to 1847.'' 

**The Free Will Baptist Church was organized in 1875 i^ ^^^^ 
Union Church at ^loose River, fourteen members formed the 
organization. In 1855 Captain Holden in the absence of a minister 
officiated at the funerals. In 1890 the Free Will Baptist Church 
united with the Congregational! sts and the }^Ioose River Congrega- 
tional Church of Jackman was organized. In 1912 a Y^ry com- 
fortable little parsonage was built. The present Pastor is the 
Rev. R. E. Jones." 

On Tuesday, May 24, 1892, this new and attractive church edi- 
fice (Congregational) was dedicated to the service of religious 

work in accord- 

; ','" - - - ...^, .,...^ ^^^^ ^,|^j^ ^^^ 

. "I ritual of that de- 
. j nomination. The 
invocation was 
by the Reverend 
Andrew L. 
Chase of Fox- 
croft, Mai n e, 
and Prayer by 
Reverend Salem 
D. Towne. The 
dedicatory ser- 
mon was deliv- 
ered by the Rev- 
erend Charles Davison of Greenville. Then followed the dedica- 
tion of the House of Worship as above mentioned; the prayer of 
Dedication was by Reverend J. E. Adams D. D., and the benedic- 
tion by Reverend Charles Davison. 

This church has ever since then been in a very prosperous con- 
dition and has done good work along the lines for which it was 

The Moose River Bridge 

FROM 1852 TO 1859. 
Pursuant to a written application signed by you and four other 
inhabitants of townships No. four Range one and No. four Range 


two and Sandy Bay Township (so called) north of the Bingham 
Kennebec purchase in the county of Somerset, Demon- 
strated ^loose River Plantation. 

You are hereby required in the name of the State of Maine to 
notify and warn the Electors of the said Aloose River plantation 
comprising the aforesaid Townships qualified according to the 
Constitution of this state or of the United States, to assemble at 
the dwelling house of Christopher Thomas in said Plantation on 
Saturday the sixteenth day of October inst. at one of Clock in the 
afternoon for the purpose of transacting the following business to 

First to Choose a plantation Clerk and three assessors Given 
under my hand this first day of October in the year of our Lord 
one thousand eight hundred and fifty two. 


One of the County 

Commissioners for 

Somerset County. 
Pursuant to the within warrant, I have notified the within 
named inhabitants to meete at the within place and time by post- 
ing up notices in two dififerent places in said plantation as by Law 

Moose River, Oct. 16, 1852. 
Pursuant to the foregoing warrant the inhabitants assembled 
at the foregoing place and organized by Choosing Samuel Wey- 
mouth Moderator, Otis Holden Clerk and Otis Holden, Molentus 
Holden and Josiah F. Whitney assessors. 
Copy attest 


Plantation Clerk. 
Art. first, chose Samuel W^eymouth ^Moderator. 
Art 2d, chose Otis Holden Clerk. 

Art. 3, chose Otis Holden, Malintus Holden, Josiah Whitney 
Assessors sd Plantation. 

4th, voted to hold the next meeting at Christopher Thompson's. 


Plantation Clerk. 
Personally appeared before me Samuel Weymouth and took the 
oath as moderator within and for the Plantation of Moose River 
this sixteenth day of October, 1852. 

CHRISTOPHER THOMPSON, Justice of the Peace. . 


Personally appeared Otis Holden before me and took the oath 
as Clerk of the Moose River Plantation this sixteenth day of Octo- 
ber, 1852. 

CHRISTOPHER THO:\IPSON, Justice of the Peace. 
Personally appeared Otis Holden, ]Malintiis Holden and Jcsiah 
F. Whitney and took the oath as assessors with and for the Plan- 
tation of Moose River this sixteenth day of October, 1852. 

CHRISTOPHER THOMPSON, Justice of the Peace. 
Copy Attest 


Plantation Clerk. 

The next plantation meeting was held April 2, 1853, '^vhen the 
same officers were again elected. 

It was voted "that Moose River plantation shall compose one 
school district" and Christopher Thompson was elected School 
Agent. No money was raised for any purpose. 

At the September election in 1852 the whole number of votes 
cast was twenty-two. 

The annual plantation meeting in 1854 was held at the dwelling 
house of Otis Holden on the thirteenth day of April. Otis Holden, 
Melintus Holden and Benjamin Holden were elected assessors at 
this meeting. 

In 1855 Otis Holden, Philander ^M. Colby and Melintus Holden 
were elected assessors, and Philander ^I. Colby was elected school 

At the same meeting held on the twelfth day of ^larch an 
agreement by certain of the inhabitants was entered into to erect 
a schoolhouse by subscription ''to remain the property of such in- 
habitants as shall pay a part of the cost of said house if said house 
should be sold or disposed of for the purpose of building a bigger 
one or any other purpose the sum sold for to be invested in another 
schoolhouse or paid back to such persons as paid in a part for 
building said house." 

The subscribers were : 

Otis Holden $25.00 

. P. M. Colby 15.00 

Z. Bumpus 10.00 

Samuel Holden, Jr I5-00 

Galon Newton 25.00 

Benjamin Holden 12.00 


M. Holden 20.00 

Josiah F. Whitney 15.00 

F. G. Pressey 10,00 

Patrick McKenna 10.00 

Richard Harris 5.50 

In 1856 William H. Durgin was elected Clerk. The meeting was 
held that year at the ''tavern House" of Otis Holden. 
The list of voters recorded in 1859 is as follows: 

Austin Holden Elisha Hilton 

Philander M. Colby Jason Hilton 

Zeppenian Bumpns Jonah Hilton 

Robert J. Campbell Sherwin Hilton 

Caleb ^lorton Jacob F. Xewton 

Peter Kinney H. H. Colby 

Seth Moore Alexander Sands 

Elisha C. ^loore Edward Sands 

Llewellyn Moore Spencer Colby 

Ephraim Moore Franklin G. Pressey 

Galon Newton Otis Holden 

Horatio Newton William Ray, Jr. 

Otis Newton Jonas Colby 

John Keliher Melintus Holden, Jr. 

The building of the Canada road soon begun to attract the 
pioneer always in search of a new countr}^ to subdue and in a few 
years after Captain Holden had invaded this wilderness, others 
settled along the line of the road, and about the year 1830, settlers 
were clearing lands and opening farms in that part of Aloose 
River plantation that is now the thriving village of Jackman. 
Among these were Seth ^loore, Patrick McKennay who emigrated 
from the north of Ireland when about 17 years of age, to the city 
of Quebec and in 1830 or 1831 settled here; Cyrus Whitney, 
Michiel Redmund, David Roache, and James Jackman for whom 
the settlement was named. 

Both Moose River and Jackman although each have moi:e in- 
habitants than many Maine towns, are yet legally plantations, 
having since their first organization by the County Commissioners 
each been reorganized under the statutes of Maine relating to 


plantations "having not less than two hundred inhabitants/'* In 
these plantations are villages originally located along the Canada 
road and so closely connected that a stranger does not perceive 
the line of division. The Canada road is now and probably always 
will remain the main street of these twin villages, although now 
one sees pretty little cross streets being laid out and some fine 
dwellings being erected. 

Prior to the opening of the railroad, which is a part of the main 
line running from Halifax to the "Pacific coast. Jackman was an 
isolated place which in those days, until the opening of the rail- 
road, seemed destined to remain so for a long period of time. 

And right here we quote an interesting letter recently received 
from Honorable Sylvester J. Walton an emiment Maine lawyer and 
public man of note having represented Somerset County in both 
branches of the Legislature and the Executive Council of Maine. 
For a quarter of a century and more Mr. Walton has annually, 
and often semi-annually, visited this charming region while on 
fishing and hunting trips, for he is a true lover of the woods and 
woods and lake sports. 

"Skowhegan, Me., June i6, 1915. 
^'Editor of Spragiies Journal of Maine History: 

"I understand you have in view the writing a short history of 
Jackman, Moose River and Dennystown. The same will certainly 
be interesting, not only to the people who were buried in the vast 
wilderness in the western part of Somerset county until the advent 
of the Canadian Pacific Railway some twenty-five years ago. Be- 
fore that time the nearest settlement of any size was at Bingham 
fifty miles away. No physicians nearer than 55 miles although 
often needed. No lawyers nearer than 55 miles, not needed, for the 
inhabitants for lack of attorneys and courts resorted to self de- 
fense, the first great law of nature. 

"I remember the first time I was at Jackman I attended the 

. first morning of my arrival a wedding, a wedding supper and four 

fights and when I attempted to separate the combatants in the 

(•) Revised Statutes of Maine 1903, Sec. 114, p. 89. Township 4, Range 
I, was first iccorporatcd as Jackmantown plantation, July 9th, 1859, and 
reorganized February 17, 1894, under the name of Jackman. It was the 
design of the writer to make record herein of the organization of Jackman 
similar to that which appears on these pages regarding Moose River 
plantation. Mr. Melvin E. Holden, the clerk of the latter plantation is a 
careful custodian of the early records and is preserving them properly. 
The Jackman clerk however was unable to produce his records and they 
were presumably lost. 


first fight, I was taken by the arm and led away with the admoni- 
tion that I had better keep away and let them fight it out, for if I 
did not, I might get a knock out myself. There were no stores in 
those days nearer than Bingham, except one at Moose River and 
no mills except one saw mill. 

"For thirty years I have never failed to visit that remote settle- 
ment from my home in Skowhegan once or more each year, and I 
have never found a more kind, whole souled people than there. 
Times of course have changed now, with them lawyers, a dozen 
stores of all kinds and two or three physicians and a great influx 
of people from without, Jackman and Moose River have become 
hustling places, yet I doubt if the people live now nearer to nature 
than they did in the old days. 

"Truly yours, 

"S. J. WALTON." 
In 1910 the population of Jackman was 667 and Moose River 251. 
Each has increased since then and it is estimated that Jackman now 
has about 1,200 ihabitants. Dennystown is an adjoining planta- 
tion and Long 
Pond plantation 
is eight miles be- 
low, where is 
located the Kel- 
logg Lumber 
Company, that 
employs about 
75 men. in its 
mills and 200 or 
more laborers 
in the woods. 

The Canadian 
Pacific Railway 
runs througn 
Jackman where it maintains a depot, freight houses etc. 

Jackman must always be the trading and business center for 
plantations and settlements contiguous to it and along the line of 
the railroad and the Canada road as follows: Dennvstown, Long 







A Maine Scene in 1820 


Pond, Somerset Junction, Attean, Holeb, Franklin, Skinners Mills 
Lowelltown, Parlin Pond, -where Henry ^IcKenney has a commo- 
dious summer resort and near which is the magnificent summer 
home of Michiel Piel of New York; and on the Canada side are 
Marlow, St. Come and St. George in near proximity. 


The vast forestry of spruce and other valuable timber surround- 
ing it makes it a lumber center of importance. Much of this lum- 
ber territory is not accessible to river driving without great expense, 
but the problem of getting it to market more profitably was solved 
by Mr. Abram Newton, through whose energetic efforts capitalists 
were induced to make large investments in these lands the result 
of which was the establishment of the Jackman Lumber Company, 
although its mills are situated on the Moose River side of the 
boundary line that divides it from Jackman. This corporation 
was organized in ^larch, 1914. Its president is Honorable George 
H. Prouty' of Newport, Vermont, who has been Governor of that 
State (1908-1910) and well known as a business man of ability 
throughout New England; its treasurer is F. L. Perry of Boston 
and a member of the Perry and Whitney Company^ lumber con- 
cern, and Chester C. Whitney of Boston is its secretary and assis- 
tant treasurer, Abram Newton of Jackman is the General ^Manager 
of its lumbering property and forestry interests. It has erected 
mills which have a capacity of sawing 125 thousand feet of long 
lumber per day, and from 25 to 30 million feet of lumber annually, 
and will manufacture all kinds of wood and lumber products. It 
is estimated that this corporation owns 200 million feet of standing 
timber besides being a large purchaser of stumpage. A logging 
railroad has been built from the C. P. Railway station in Jackman 
to its mill two miles distant and has already been extended into 
the woods five miles beyond and at the present time has a force of 
laborers extending it eight miles further and ultimately this lum- 
ber railroad will be not less than twenty miles in length. At the 
mills it has a large boarding house and cottages are being built for 
its laborers. It employs about 100 men in the manufacture of 
lumber and when in full swing will furnish employment to from 
five to six hundred men in the woods. 

The New Castle Lumber Company is another Jackman lumber 
concern that begun operations in 1914. It saws seven milion feet 
or more of long lumber annually and has a capacity for sawing 
thirty thousand feet per day and when in operation employs from 
50 to 75 men in the mills. George D. Pastorius of New Castle, 

C) Prouty and Miller of Newport, Vermont, are extensive dealers in, 
and manufacturers of lumber. 

(') The Perry & Whitney Company of Boston are among the largest 
wholesale dealers in lumber in New England, and are extensive manufac- 
turers of long lumber, spruce dimensions, building frames, etc. 


Maine, is its General ^lanager and Joseph E, Shaw is the superin- 

There is one Post Office at Moose River and two in Jackman, 
one at the village and one at Jackman Station. 

Jackman has four general stores; two clothing stores; one fur- 
niture store and undertaker; one millinery establishment; one jew- 
eler; two drug stores; one hardware store; one dealer in harnesses, 
etc. ; two or three markets and the Dennystown Company have two 
large grocery and provision stores, one in each village. There are 
also blacksmiths, barbers, photographers, a taxidermist, a plumber, 
a harness maker; restaurants; a cant dog manufacturer; two hay 
and grain dealers ; garages ; a sporting goods store ; shoemakers, 
and several engaged in the lumbering business. 

It differs from the times that ^Ir. Walton speaks of for it now 
supports three lawyers ; two deputy sheriffs ; two clergy-men and 
two doctors. There are twelve registered guides and five or six 
sporting camps all well filled during the summer season and two 
hotels. Besides the church organizations it has among its fraternal 
orders the Foresters, the Macabees, the Modern Woodmen and 
Moose River Lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
The latter lodge was instituted June g, 191 5, by Harry Reid, G. M.; 
John E. Bunker, D. G. M. ; Willis E. Parsons, G. W. ; and Wm. \\\ 
Cutter, G. Sec. Among other members of the Grand Lodge who 
were present were Walter H. Blethen and John F. Sprague of 
Dover and S. L. Berry of Waterville. On the evening of June 10, 
a large number of applicants were received into the new lodge, the 
ritualistic work having been most excellently performed by the 
members of New England Lodge of Greenville.'' 

This lodge started under the most favorable auspices having Mr. 
O. S. Patterson, the Customs Officer at Jackman, for its first 
Noble Grand supported by an efficient board of officers. 

The Moose River Hotel at Jackman Station, Nelson W. Bartley, 
proprietor, is a commodious and attractive hostelry with all up-to- 
<Jate facilities for the entertainment of guests and is receiving a 
liberal patronage from the traveling public. These villages have 
electric light and water systems. Their public schools are excellent 
and efficient and they are also supporting a public library and Jack- 
man has a good public hall. 

(*)The ladies of Jackman and Moose River are entitled to great credit 
for the superb banquet provided by them on this occasion. 


Another enterprise that will in the future prove to be of inestima- 
ble value to the Moose River region is the new State highway 
from Jackman to Roclavood and the Kineo Station on the Maine 
Central railroad on the westerly shore of ^loose Head Lake a dis- 
tance of 30 miles, and now under construction by the State High- 
way Commission. 

By the united efforts of many of the citizens, these plantations, 
the M. C. railroad, the Ricker Hotel Company, Somerset County, 
and the State of Maine, this great work has been assured. 

At the last session of the Maine Legislature the state appropriated 
the sum of $22,500.00 and the other interests added to it 823,500.00, 
so that the road will probably be opened to the public within the 
next year. In addition to this the Hollingsworth and Whitney Com- 
pany dedicated to the state three miles of good road that they had 
already constructed and which is made a part of this road, and 
the Great Northern Paper Company also dedicated two miles of 
road in equally as good condition. These corporations and all of 
the owners of lands over which it passes, donated to the state all 
of the land damages which they might have been legally entitled to. 
Along its line is much excellent land now only lying in waste and 
better adapted to farming than timber growing: and undoubtedly 
settlers will locate there in the near future. This is one of the 
most commendable things that the State of Maine has done during 
the last half century, and we hope that it is but the beginning of a 
wiser and broader state policy ; one that will continually aid in the 
development of Maine ; utilize her many latent resources, and do 
something towards inducing her young men and young women to 
remain at home. 



Jackman's Live Business Men 

When an opportunity presents itself to give worthy pubhcity 
to a town by printer's ink its most enterprising and pubhc spirited 
business men are always alert to aid it and their own individual 
enterprises at the same time by their advertisements. This was the 
case at Jackman when this special issue of the Journal was sug- 
gested to them. Following is a list of those who have been benefited 
by availing themselves of this and we can avouch for their integ- 
rity and square business dealings, and certify that they are THE 
hustling, enterprising, and REAL LI\'E WIRES in the business 
affairs of Jackman : 

Nelson W. Bartley, 
Dennystown Company, 

E. A. Piper, 

F. A. Dion, 

O. S. Patterson, 
D. Hancox, 
Fred Pierce, 
W. S. Moore, 
A. G. Crawford, 
Albert Loubier, 
Joseph J. Nichols, 
Medie Rancout. 

D. C. Pierce, 
Arthur Rodrique, 
W. L. Andersoii, 
C. H. Mills. 

W. F. Jude, 
Arthur Cathcart, 
Harr>' Stillwell, 
J. A. Bulmer, 
Thomas \'intinner, 
Edlord Fournier, 
J. S. Williams, 
L. R. Moore, 
James Sands, 
T. A. Murtha, 
George Blais, 
Fred Henderson, 
Harry A. Young, 

E. A. Henderson, 
Henry P. McKenney, 


Groceries, etc. 
Real Estate. 

Druggist and Sporting Goods. 

Clothing and Dry Goods. 

Furniture and L'ndertaker. 
Day and Night Restaurant. 
Barber Shop. 
Deputy Sheriff. 

Harnesses and Picture House. 
General Store. 

Fruit Stand and Picture House. 
Blacksmith and Cant Dogs. 

Restaurant and Dealer in Furs. 

Barber Shop. 
Heald Pond Camps. 
Carpenter and Contractor. 
Wood Pond Camps. 
Lake Parlin Hotel and Camps. 




m •'';^- £ JS 

The Catholic Church and Its 

At the Jackman Station Village are St. Anthony's church, the 
Sacred Heart Convent and the St. Anthony Parochial School, the 
result of the zealous and indefatigable labors of its pastor the Rev. 
Joseph F. Forest, P. P., who came here in 1892. Father Forest is 

a native of Can- 
^ ■'" / . '^'. ' ada and was 

educated in the 
As sumption 
College at Mon- 
treal. Prior to 
his coming here 
the Catholics 
had only re- 
ceived occasion- 
al visits from 
priests. In the 
first years his 
pastorate duties 

extended over a very large territory embracing all of northern 
Somerset, Greenville and. the entire region to the Canada line. 
The church was built in 1893. The convent, which is a magni- 
ficent granite building of four stories 65 feet on the street and 55 
feet back, was built in 1907. 

The parochial school building of three stories, sixty feet in width 
and seventy-eight feet in length, was completed in 19 12 and an 
annex for boys to it in 19 14. 

Two hundred and fifty scholars are in regular attendance, some 
of them from many parts of Maine, and one hundred and twenty- 
five of them board at the Convent. 

At the Convent are sixteen sisters presided over by Mother 
Superior Mary Phillippine from the St. Joseph Sisters of Lyons, 
France, who are the teachers in the school. 

In the parish comprising Jackman and the surrounding planta- 
tions and settlements about 175 families are communicants of the 
St. Anthony church. 


Sacred Heart Convent, Jackman, Maine 



Abram Newton 


ij|^ i ^uip;i|piyp^p^^ 

Abram Newton was born October lo, 1863, at Denny stown Plan- 
tation, and was the eldest son of Horatio and Luretta Newton. His 
early life was passed on the farm, with school privilege of only a 
very few weeks each year, the nearest schoolhouse being about five 
miles away. 

At fourteen years of age he secured his first employment as a 
"swamper" in the lumber woods and for several succeeding win- 
ters followed the different occu- 
pations incident to the logging 
operations, and in the Spring 
and Summer was engaged in 
driving the logs down the dif- 
ferent streams and rivers in 
northern Maine. 

When nineteen years old he 
became foreman in the woods 
and also on the drive. For a 
period of nine years he was a 
foreman, being employed by the 
late Omer Clark and Ed. P. 
Page in that capacity. 

He shortly afterward entered 
into a contract to cut and haul 
logs for Brown & Allen of 
Greenville, ]^Iaine, having asso- 
ciated himself as a partner, 
with Henry L. Colby of Jack- 
man, Me. 

For the succeeding period of 


I III ifl'fi i-r ri I rt-i ifl fifitirteif'iWi^M^lbf M^ 


Prominent in the Business Affairs 
of Jackman 

eleven years the firm engaged in lumber operating for Lawrence 
Brothers of South Gardiner; the South Gardiner Lumber Co., 
the HoUingsworth & Whitney Co. and others. 

In 1897 Mr. Newton was appointed Deputy Collector of Customs 
under President McKinley and held the position until his resignation 
in 1914. 

In addition to his duties as Customs Collector, he was actively 
engaged as a lumber operator, having several important contracts 
with the Great Northern Paper Company, covering a period of 
several years. 


Mr. Newtcn's marked ability 
as a timber estimator has been 
recognized by many important 
timberland owners for several 
years and he has been a member 
of commissions at different 
times whose duty it was to de- 
termine the value and quantities 
of available timber on many 
large tracts, not only in Maine 
but in several of the Southern 
and Middle western states. He 
is now the owner of large inter- 
ests and holdings in both Maine 
and Canadian timberlands. 

He has always had the best 
interests of Jackman at heart 

' ■*4'^*%^ "*, 




A.\.\v>*nmv vjmf*- rigii i > iii .JnjL i i \ M^.w n ^ f ^f_i t 


Prominent Business Man of Jack- 

Chairman of the Board of Asses- 
sors of Jackman 

and has been honored many 
times by its citizens who recog- 
nize his ability and sound busi- 
ness judgment. 

In politics he has always been 
a Republican and would doubt- 
less have been elected a member 
of the last Legislature from this 
class, but business matters pre* 
vented him; from becoming a 

Mr. Newton is a member of 
the Board of Trustees of the 
Guilford Trust Company and has 
been such ever since the Green- 
ville branch was established. 

In September of last year he 
"^^"" entered upon his duties as Gen- 

eral Manager of the woods department for the Jackman Lumber 
Company and occupies that position at the present time. 


On September i, 1897, he was married to Jennie M. Colby of 
Jackman. Their daughter, \^elzora A. Newtcn, is a member of the 
senior class of the Maine Central Institute at Pittsfield, Maine. 


From Honoil\ble William R. Pattangall. 

Honorable William R. Pattangall, Attorney General of the State 
of Maine, heartily endorses the Journal and contributes valuable 
information regarding the Longfellozc family: 

Waterville, Maine, June i6th, 191 5. 
Mr. John F. Sprague, 

Dover, Maine. 
Dear Brother Sprague : 

I have been especially interested in your Journal of Maine His- 
tory. I remember saying to you one time when we were talking 
about our own state that the great trouble with Maine was that 
nobody knew anything about the state either from an historical 
or an industrial standpoint. You are certainly doing a great work 
in interesting the people of Maine in its early history. 

I read with especial interest in your May number a sketch of 
Stephen Longfellow written by William Willis. I do not know that 
you are aware of the very close relationship between the Longfellow 
family of Portland and the Longfellow family of Machias. Some 
few facts in that connection may be of interest to you. 

The first of the Longfellow name to come to this country was 
William Longfellow, born in England in 1651, who came to New- 
bury, Massachusetts, in 1674. He had two sons, Stephen and Na- 
than. Stephen in turn had two sons, one of whom bore his name, 
and the other was named for his grandfather, William. William 
lived in Newbury, Massachusetts, and his son, Nathan, was born 
there in 1764, moving to Machias in 1767. Nathan served in the 
Revolutionary War with the rank of lieutenant. He also had a 
second cousin Nathan, a great grandson of the original William 
Longfellow, some three years older than be, who was born in Con- 
wallis, Massachusetts, and who moved to ^lachias about the time 
of the outbreak of the Revolutionary W'ar. This Nathan had a 
son, Jacob, who married Taphenus, a daughter of Lieutenant Na- 


than. My maternal grandfather, Daniel Longfellow, was a son 
of Taphenus and Jacob. 

I have been especially interested in looking up these matters, not 
only from the standpoint of my maternal ancestors, but because I 
also find that Abraham Adams, who was the grandson of Richard 
Pattangall, the first of the name to come to this country and who 
settled in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1640, married Ann Longfellow, 
who was the daughter of the original William Longfellow and Ann 
Sewall. So that I find myself a descendant of William Longfellow 
on both sides of the family. 

Yours very truly, 


Honorable Augustine Simmons of North Anson, iMaine, writes: 

In my recent article'*" on Franklin Simmons the word "the" before 
Franklin should read though. In the last paragraph the word 
"free" should read face. 

Sebec Lake, Maine, June 14, 1915. 
To the Editor of Spragiies Journal of Maine History: 

In looking over the May issue of the Journal, I was very much 
interested in the article on workers with the divining rod. 

Royal Day was my grandfather, and I have a very good remem- 
brance of him, and I know he was perfectly sincere in his work of 
discovering water veins below the surface of the ground. I do 
not know his theory or the scientific principle on which he based 
his figures, but I do know that he did not claim any occult power 
when he gave the depth at which water would be found. He used 
an instrument based on scientific principles, from which he made 
his figures. This instrument, I think, was made by my grandfather, 
Royal Day, and as near as I can describe the instrument, it is a 
quarter circle made from a hard wood board mounted on a trypod, 
and has a plumb bob attached to tell when it is level. This quarter 
circle is sub-divided by lines into lesser quarter circles with a scale 
of figures along each line. This instrument is now in my possession, 
and I value it very highly as a relic, and the article in your Journa\ 
makes this doubly valuable to me, as it puts it in the class of 
historical relics. 

Very truly, 
— — MRS. B. M. PACKARD. 

(") See Journal No. i, Vol. 3, pp. 27-28-29, 


Chicago, June 9, 19 15. 
To the Editor of Spragues Journal of Maine History: 

I note in May No. that you refer to Whig doggerel of 1840-1, 

and purport to give the ''first line". Is not this a little in error? 

Some years ago in Western Kansas I met an old pioneer and 

was introduced to him as being from [Maine. Oh yes he knew all 

about me and he launched forth : 

"Oh have you heard the news from Maine. 
From Maine all honest and true 
She's gone hell bent for Governor Kent 
For Tippacanoe and Tyler too." 
A little further inquiry proved that it was about all he did know 
of Maine, but he had sung the song during the Campaign. 

Yours truly, 


Old Town, Me., July 2, 191 5. 
Editor of Spragiic's Journal of Maine History: 

Upon reading Vol. 2 of your valuable publication, "Sprague's 
Journal of Maine History", I find mentioned on page 88, the 
names of Moses Pearson & John East. I have a deed which has been 
handed down (among other papers), conveying land in Falmouth, 
to Edward & John Tyng in 1832. It is signed by IMoses Pearson, 
James Winslow & John East, "Proprietors Committee for laying out 
the common land in Falmouth." The certificate on the back is as 
follows : "The within Bounds of land or flats, Recorded in the 
proprietors Book of Records for Falmouth, November 20, 1732, pr. 
Moses Pearson, Proprietor Clerk." 

The above is, probably, of not any direct importance to you, but 
in a general way I thought it might be of interest to learn a little 
more of the persons named in the Journal. 

Yours very truly, 


As we have already remarked in these columns it is the most en- 
terprising business men in a town that does the most advertising. 
This is well illustrated in this issue of the Journal. 


Maine Local Histories 

Mr. A. J. Huston, 92 Exchange Street. Portland, Elaine, tlie 
well known dealer in new and old books, and who makes a specialty 
of all books, pamphlets, etc., relating to the State of Maine, has 
recently issued a valuable little booklet entitled **A Check List of 
Maine Local Histories". 26 pages are devoted to town histories, 
lists of regimental and county histories, general histories of the 
state, county atlases, historical society collections, historical and 
genealogical magazines, ecclesiastical histories, legislative session 
laws, etc. Price 50 cts. 

In Skowhegan, Madison, Dover-Foxcroft, Greenville, Guilford, 
etc., it has been the live wire business men whose names appear 
herein. Take the town of Guilford as an example. There is 
probably not a town in Maine of its size that has more country 
trade come to its merchants ; that has more business center in it 
from miles beyond its borders than that town and they have always 
been among- the most liberal advertisers. 

New Mount Rineo House and Annex 

/V\oosohe>aci LaRo, Kineo, TVYaine 

In the Centre of the Great Wilderness on a Peninsula Under the 
Shadow of Mount Kineo 

On the east side of the most beautiful lake in New Eng-land, forty 
miles long and twenty miles wide, dotted with islands, and with hundreds 
of smaller lakes and streams in easy proximity, in the midst of some of the 
grandest scenery in America, is the 


recently remodeled and with raanj improvements added: makine: it second to none for 
comfort, convenience and recreation. 

It IS a Palace in the Maine woods and in the heart of the great same re^on. 

This region leads all others for trout and salmon. Spring and Summer dshing. 

The NEW MOUNT KINEO HOUSE opens June 27, remaining 
open to September 28th. New Annex opens May 16, closes Sept. 28 


containing full description of its attractions for health and pleasure during the Summer 
season. First-class transportation facilities offered during the seasons. 

Ricker Hotel Company, Kineo, Maine, 

C /\. JUDKLirSS, A^anagor. 




Pleasantly situated in the beautiful village 
of Foxcroft, Maine 

We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 







Do you want a Cottage on Harford's Point 
on the westerly shore of Moose Head Lake, the 
grandest and most lovely sheet of inland water 
in all of New England, and one of the grandest 
in the world ? 

The above illustration is a view of Harford's 
Point facing Moose Island in a northerly direc- 
tion. For information, address, 

Harford's Point Realty Co. 

Dover, Maine. 



On the southerly side ot the Point is a charm- 
ing little bay or cove and the above represents 
the most southerly portion of- its west shore. 

This is known as Deep Cove. 

Write us for information. 

Harford's Point Realty Co. 

Dover, Maine. 

(See next page) 


^jr^ ^^J^/Sr^^' 



The above shows the continuation of this west 
shore of the same cove in a northerly direction, 
the two pictures giving you a very good idea of 
some of the beauties of Deep Cove. 

Harford's Point is about three miles above 
Greenville Junction and is a beautiful promon- 
tory of land of high eminence above the lake 
level. It is in the midst of splendid trout and 
salmon fishing and is in the heart of Maine's 
best hunting grounds where big game and game 
birds abound. It would be an attractive and 
desirable location for a sportsman's club. 

If it occurs to you that you would like to own 
a summer home on this delightful spot, write 
for further particulars to 

Harford's Point Realty Co. 

Dover, Maine. 


(Ads not exceeding three lines inserted for lo cents for each issue and 
5 cents for each additional line.) 


Bangor, Maine, and its Attractions. Issued by the Board of Trade 
(1906) Illustrated. Paper — 64 pp. $ .50 

Collection of the Maine Historical Society Documentary History 
(Baxter MSS.) Vol. 9, 17, Cloth— 500 pp. 1.50 

Pioneers of France in the New World. Francis Parkman, (Little 
Brown & Co., ed. 1907) Cloth — 491 pp. 1. 00 

Maine's War Upon the Liquor Traffic. Col. Wing. Paper — 89 pp. .50 

Hannibal Hamlin in Commemoration of the 100 Anniversary of his 
Birth, 1909. Paper. Illustrated. .50 

History of Doric Lodge, F. & A. M., Monson, Maine. 1868-1887— 
Paper, .50 

History of Mt. Kineo Lodge, F. & A. M., Guilford, Maine, 1861- 
1901 — Abner T. Wade. Cloth and paper board covers. Illustrated — 
115 pp. 1.25 

Report of the Inland Fish & Game Commissioners 1902. Cloth — il- 
lustrated. .35 

Reports of Bureau of Industrial and Labor Statistics 1896-97-99- 
1903-4-6. Cloth Illustrated. .50 

Beginnings of Colonial Maine. (Burrage 1914). Cloth — 412 pp. 3 00 

A Royal Tragedy, (Nat Wilder, Jr., Fireside Pub. Co.) Cloth— 236 
pp. 1. 00 

A novel relative to the Indian and Colonial history of Maine and the 
Bar Harbor region. It is a fascinating tale of interest to all interested 
in early history of Maine. 

Collections of the Piscataquis Historical Society, Vol. 1-522 pp. Of 
interest to all students of Maine Historv' and contains much about 
Northeastern Boundary Controversy. 2.00 

Centennial Town of Sangerville 1814-1914, 100 pp. — Cloth. Illus- 
trated. Contains all of the proceedings with many pages of early 
important vital statistics. Reprint from Sprague's Journal. i.oo 

Engagement of Enterprise and Boxer near Portland in war of 1812. 
Rev. H. O. Thayer. 15 pp. — Paper covers. Reprint from Sprague's 
Journal. -50 


Josh Billir?gs Farmers Alminax-1870. .50 

The World Almanac 1906- 1908. (As good as new) .25 

Biography of Hosea Ballou, by his son M. M. Ballou— 400 pp. (Bos- 
ton 1852) ' I.oo 

Maine Register 1899-1900. (In perfect condition) i.oo 

Will be sent by mail postpaid for the above prices. Address — SPRAGUE'S 


Maine Treasurers' Reports. Governors' Messages, Rules and Orders House 
and Senate, State Prison, Bank and Land Agents' Reports from 1820 to 1829. 

92 Exchange St., Porland, Maine. 



The Jackman Drug and Sportman's Goods and Supply Store. 

F A. DION, - - - Jackman, Maine 

Arthur Cathcart 


Jackman Station, 


Arthur Rodrique 


Post Ca.rds a.nd 'Vie'ws of J3.ckma.n 
and TJicinity, 


Jk UTOISTS on their way to Moose- 
^^ head Lake, while passing through 
the picturesque village of Monson, will 
find Gasoline and Auto Supplies 
and Fixtures at the store of 


Corner Main and Water Streets 


Cor. North amd Summer Sts., FOXCROFT, MAINE 

Hours. 9-12 A. M., 2-5 P. M. 

Telephone 238-3 

MAINE And by Appointment 




TUy Pool While You Wait, 

Jackman Station, 


Joseph J. Nichols 

Will supply anything you want in the 

Jewelry Line 

Diamonds a Specialty 

Jackman Station, 


We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 



Here you will find everj'thin? in the line of ' 
Clothing. Mackinaw Frocks. Sweater*. Shoes ' 
Rubber Goods, Moccasins, ttc. Nice Fishing 
Tackle. Rifles, Shot Guns. Revolvers and Am- 
munition. A tine line of moccasin Slippers 
for ladies wear. Daily Papers. Books and Ma- 
gazines. Call and see us. or call us by phone 
No. --H. 

Moosehead Clothing Co., Millard Metcalf, Mgr. 
fireeaville Junction. Me., opp. B. & A. R. R. Station 

I. A. Harris, DRUGS 

Greenville, Maine 

Edison Phonographs 
and Records 

The— R E :x:M L L — Store 

C. S. Bennett 

Dealer in 
Finest Quality of Jewelry 

Watches, Clocks and Silverware 
Jewels and Diamonds 


Davis C. Pierce 

Deputy Sheriff 
Jackman, Maine 

All Civil Processes Promptly Served 

Telephone Connection 


Counsellor and 

Attorney at Law 

Jackman, Maine 

W. F. Jude 

Counsellor and 
Attorney at Law 

Maine Jackman, 


L. R. Moore, Jr. , W. L. Anderson 


Quick Lunches i Counsellor and 

Confectionery and Fruit . Attorney at Law 

Jackman, Maine Jackman Station, Maine 

General Blacksmithing A. G. Crawford 

and Horse Shoeing | Day & Night Restaurant 

Cant Dogs and Cant Dog Hooks Fruit, Confectioney. Ice Cream and 
a Specialty | Tobaccos 

J. S. Williams, Jackman, Me. Jackman Station, Maine 

We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 


Albany, N. Y., April loth, 1915. 
The Buxton Rheumatic Cure Co., 

Abbot Village, Maine 
Gentlemen : — 

It gives me pleasure to send you 
this unsolicited tesrimonial regard'ing 
Buxton's Rheumatic Cure. For years 
I have been a great sufferer from Ar- 
ticular Rheumatism, to such an ex- 
tent that for almost one j-ear I was 
unable to walk. I was treated by 
many doctors and took the so called 
"Cures" at Carlsbad and Mt. Clem- 
mons but without results. Finally in 
despair I was oersuaded to try Bux- 
ton's Rheumatic Cure. I got relief 
dt once and within two months could 
walk as good as ever. I am glad to 
pive you this information in the hope 
it may reach the eyes of some unfor- 
tunate sufferine from that awful af- 
fliction called Rheumatism. 

Very truly vours. 

c. h.'thomas. 



Madison's Popular Ary Goods Store 


You'll buy your Drv Goods and 
Ready-to-wear Apparel of F. C. 
Clark Co. 

X'ot alcne because of the high quali- 
ty of our goods 

Xot alone because of the correctness 
of our styles. 

Xot alone because of the lowness of 
our orices. 

Xot alone because of the excellence 
of our store service. 

Xot alone ^lecause of the importance 
of our Store. 

Satisfactorv Guarantee. 

Xrt because of any of these features 
will you eventually decide to trade 
here, '^•-t because of the combina- 
tion of them all. You are sure to 
find OMt that this is THE STORE 

Buxton Rheumatic Cure Co. F. G. Clark Company, Madison, Me. 



'The Place of Reo-e Bargains 

The Last Word in 


Furnishing Goods 

and Footwear 

Harry S. Dyer 


For Men and Boys 


For Men, Women & Children 


Thomas Vintinner 


Dry Goods, Groceries 

Boots, Shoes, Rubbers & Flour 
Jackman Station, Me. 

We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 




= insurance g[gcncp== 


Ben T. Steward Clair R. Marston 


Jleating, plumbing anb ^i)eet filetal ^[Movktx^ 
anb pneumatic ^atcr ^pstem^ 

Stores at Skowhegan & Waterville 



Tires and Tubes Repaired All Work Guaranteed 

Distributors of Miller's Geared-To-The-Road Tires and Veedol Motor Oil 

We pay the express one way on all out of town work 
R. R. Sciijare, SKOIA/H EG/XIN, IWfMJSE: 


Heavy WorR Horses A^lways on Hand 

Also Carriages and. F"arm Wagons 

A. Square Deal witln Every Buyer 



We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 



Three months, 2oc. One-half year, 50c. One year, $1.00 

Remit in stamps, coin, currency, check or P. O. Money Order 

Subscribe for yourself or as a gift to your friend. 

10,000 Readers, chiefly in Somerset County 

Office of Publication, Skowhegan, M^ine 


The only paper in Madison and ttie only 
one in Western Somerset County. Job 
Printing of every description. Let us 
estimate on your next job. 

Henry C. Prince, Prop., Madison, Maine 

Jfirst J^attonal ^anfe 

of ^feotaljegan, illaine 


Capital, $150,000.00. Surplus and Profits, $150,000.00 
Interest Allowed 

that is musical 

Estey Pianos t 

also all kinds of HOUSE FURNISHINGS 
at C. H. WYMAN'S, Oexter^J^lalne 

We ha\e positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 


The Heald Pond Camp 

Located nine miles north of Jackman, three miles from the main 
highway. We have just completed a nice Automobile road to 
Camp, and we are now ready to receive Automobile parties. 

Automobile people will find this a nice place to stop over 
when on their way to and from Canada, or a good place to make 
headquarters when around Jackman, as you will find the best 
of Hunting and Fishing and everything is of the best. You 
vvi I miss something if you do not stop at 

The Heald Pond Camp 

Fred Henderson. Prop. 




Medie Rancout 


Fruit, Confectionery 
and Cigars 

Harry A. Young 


{ and 


Dealer in 

j Tinware, Stoves, Crockery, 
I Glassware and Bui!ders' 

supples of iwtry de- 

On Sale at Store Connected Jackman, 


We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 




Dealer in 


Dealer in 


Dry Goods 
Fancy Goods 



Boots and Shoes 



FRED PIERCE "^^'th. Life and 


Dealer in 

Je^welry ^^^ 

Repairing Neatly Done 

I nsurance 

Office at U. S. Customs 
Thone 17-2. 


O. S. Patterson 



Wc have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 




The popular Theatrical man can 
be found at his 

LOUBIER'S Up-To-Date Harness 


except on 
Monday, Wednesday & Saturday 
Evening"^, his Moving Picture 


The lackman Town 



Opposite the Station Post Office. 



Gasoline, Oils, Batteries, Tire?, 
Auto Accessories, Etc. 

Repair Work a Specialty 

Long Distance Telephone. 



In every respect. 

Tobacco, Choice 

and Confectionery 

Buyer and seller of Raw Furs 
of all kinds. 



We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 


^ j3^KiM..i-uiiusai«aK--><| 




W. L. EARLEY, Prop. 

Fishing and hunting unexcelled. Salmon weighing 3 lbs., bass," 
3 lbs., white perch, i 1-2 lb., are not uncommon. Pure spring 
water. Fresh eggs, butter and cream ; vegetables from our 
own garden. Fishing tackle, sportsmen's supplies, cigars and 
confectionery. Board, $2.00 per day, $10.00 per week. Guides, 
$2.50 per day, board $1.00 per day. Our canoes are 50c per day. 
$2.50 per week. Team or boat will meet all parties on notice. 
Booklet and reference on request. Automobile road direct tc 

Willimantic, Maine 

Telephone Connection P. O. Guilford, R. F. D. No. 3 

We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on tb^^se pages. 






One of the most attractive places 
in the Maine Woods for fishermen, 
hunters and summer tourists. You 
will make a great mistake if you do 
not send at once for booklet and full 
particulars regarding this charming 
resort. Address 

E. A. Henderson, 



Worster Brothers, Props. * 

Modern Conveniences 
50 Rooms 
Steam Heat 
Cuisine Excellent 
Convenient to Trains 
Rates Moderate 

Popular with Auto 

Baggage delivered to and from depot 
without expense 

E. A. PIPER W. L. H 




Granite & 
Marble Co, 

Manufacturers and 
Dealers in 

Timberland and 

Village Lots Monuments, Headstones and 

Jackman, Maine Guilford, Maine 

Cemetery Work 
of all Kinds 

We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 


50,000 Horse Power 


Central Maine PoAver Co. 

Offices at Augusta, Gardiner, Watervdlle, Skowhegan, 
Pittsfield and Dexter 

Falmouth Hotel •*»***'^»*'*****»***»^** 

I Maine Views Historical Scenes 


Advertising Calendars ■ 


Portland, Maine 


Maine State Bookbind- 

Portland, Maine 

I Lowest Prices and Highest Qualities 

ing Company 


327 Water Street 
Augusta, Maine 

West End Hotel 

Opposite Union Station 

If you are not receiving ' i'ORTLAND, MAINE 

interest on your bank ac- j 

count communicate with 

United States Trust Co 

Portland, Malne 

Telephones in all Rooms 

Hot and Cold Running Water 

Private Baths 

^Ve have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these page.4 




has been heartily endorsed by the press of Maine 
and other leadii g Jourr ais in the country and by 
many of the most prominent men of Maine and 
New England. 

Thus we desire to call your attention to the fact that this is the 
only publication in the world today that is devoted exclusively to 
the advancement of historical subjects and historical research along 
the lines of Maine's early history. 

We need the hearty aid and co-operation ot every person in 
Maine interested in this matter. If you are not a subscriber, kind- 
ly send your name and address with one dollar for one year's sub- 
scription. If you are already a subscriber, bear in mind that the 
success of the enterprise owes much to prompt payments. 

Sprague's Journal of Maine History 


Brief Notes on Ancient Kennebec 83 

Swan Island 89 

Georgetown. Maine, the Ancient and the Modern 91 

Historical Field Days at Castine, Maine 93 

Ralph Farnham, a Bunker Hill Patriot 95 

A Famous Lawsuit 98 

Honorable Elias Dudley, Political Correspondence lOI 

List of Members of First Congregational Church, Bangor 106 

Aroostook, poem 110 

Society American Wars no 

Descendants of Rev John Lovejoy 1 12 

The Pines of Maine, poem 115 

' '' >[-•".- -letcrv Inscriptions 1 16 

The Eveleth Family ' .• I2i 

The Cabot Expedition 123 

The Study of Maine History in Our Schools 124 

A Valuable Ancient Record 126 

>'Otes and Fragments 127 

Sayings of Subscribers 129 



15 Miles. 

_ . /rue CjppvjrjmaK dnacxC 

Ancient Map of the Kennebec Region, Republished by the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society in 1912. 

Sprague^s Journal of Maine History 

Vol. Ill OCTOBER, 1915 No. 3 

Brief Notes on Ancient Kennebec 

By the Editor. 

Every son and daughter of Maine whether residing within the 
limits of the Pine Tree State or not is proud of the river Kennebec, 
which majestic stream unites the greatest, most beautiful and grand- 
est inland lake in all New England, with the mighty ocean whose 
tides ebb and flow upon the shores of other lands and countries 
where inhabitants speak in tongues unfamiliar to us. This river 
rises in Moosehead Lake which has an area of 115 square miles." Its 
drainage basin embraces a total of 5,970 square miles or about one- 
fifth of the total water area of the State," and reaches from the 
Canada line to the ocean. The length of the river from the lake 
to Merrymeeting Bay, including the more considerable windings, is 
about 140 miles,"* is fed by 152 lakes and large ponds/ and courses 
its way through three counties in Maine, viz : Somerset, Kennebec 
and Sagadahoc. 

And the sturdy people of the valley of the Kennebec, who for 
three centuries have been at the front in the struggle for the advance- 
ment of American civilization in Maine, command our homage in 
no less a degree. The word Kennebec is of undoubted Indian origin, 
but its exact significance or definition is not well known.' The 
Delaware Indians, formally a powerful and heroic people, who had 
family alliances and possessions as far north as the river St. John, 
bequeathed to us a tradition that its meaning was "They who 

Pale face braves, of more modern times, love to call Kennebec 
County "Imperial Kennebec." The complete aptness of this term 

'Report of State Water Storage Commission (1911) p. 243. 

'Ih. p. 219. 

*Ib. p. 219. 

*Ib. p. 268. 

Hodge's Hand Book of American Indians published by the Smithsonian 
Institute (1907) gives it: "at the long water." It appears in early writings 
a- Kencbec, Kencbecka, Kenebeke. 

'Maine Historical Colls., Vol. 4, page 115. 


must be apparent to all who have been observers of or participants in 
the fortunes of Maine politics for the past half century. Political 
platforms may come and go, strong political organizations may arise 
and fall, it matters not what the vicissitudes and changes in Maine 
may be or whatever party may be in power, it is generally Kennebec 
statesmen and politicians who speak the final word as to what 
policy shall prevail or who shall hold the offices. 

But, seriously speaking, the citizenship of this region of the Ken- 
nebec has ever been a grand one, formed upon the immovable rocks 
of inteUigence and integrity and unsurpassed by any in the world. 
Iherefore, it is of interest to know of its sources and the beginnings 
of these thrifty, cultured and prosperous communities in the Ken- 
nebec Valley. It was a wise old prophet who in his day of stress 
and trouble "commanded the histories and the chronicles for former 
times to be brought to him."' 

Sixteen years before the Pilgrim Fathers landed at Plymouth and 
one hundred and seventy-two years before the United States Gov- 
ernment had its birth and when Shakespeare, Bacon and Ben John- 
son were laying the foundation for our immortal Anglo-Saxon lit- 
erature, DeMonts in sailing along the coast of Maine discovered 
the Kennebec and took possession of the country contiguous to its 
mouth in the name of his sovereign the King of France. 

But it was not until 1607 that an attempt was made to plant a 
permanent colony here and that was done by the English and is 
known in history as the Popham Colony. Sir John Popham, Chief 
Justice of England, and Sir Ferdinando Gorges were its promoters 
and George Popham, a nephew of the Chief Justice, was its head or 
general manager and commanded the vessel which brought them 
over. While it was the first English colony to land on the coast of 
New England, and although these colonies erected a fort, called 
Fort St. George, for defence and houses for shelter and built a ship 
for fishing, the adventure was doomed for failure. George Popham 
died and the duty of governing the colony devolved upon Raleigh 
Gilbert, who soon became discouraged and in a few months from 
the time of their arrival here those who had survived, sailed back to 
England. Yet as Prof. Chapman of Bowdoin College well said in 
his able address at the ter-centenary observance of this event ; *'but 
that colony was the beginning of English occupancy of New Eng- 

'Esther VI-I (Catholic Version). 


land, the beginning of English shipbuilding on the American coast, 
the beginning of self-government in a colony still dependent upon 
the mother country and its laws ; and it must have the respect which, 
as Emerson says, always belongs to first things." 

This was a wonderful age of the w^orld's greatest and most cour- 
ageous explorers and adventurers. And among them was the most 
remarkable and picturesque character that is to be found anywhere 
in Maine's early history or in the whole history of the beginnings 
of America, Captain John Smith. He has attracted the attention of 
historians, poets and romancers ahke. His own tales of his marvelous 
exploits in the Orient in his younger days and in Virginia in later 
Hfe, have been written of by scores of writers and critics and he 
has been both extolled as a hero and condemned as a fraud. Yet his 
life work in which myster\- and romance, doubt, error and truth are 
strangely intermixed, will forever remain as one of the most inter- 
esting and entertaining annals of early American history. His first 
visit to the north Atlantic coast, then known as North Virginia, was 
in 1614, and it was his efforts with the King that caused its name 
to be changed to New England. In April of that year he arrived 
at Monhegan where he remained two or three months when he built 
seven boats, in which he sent his men on fishing excursions, while 
he in a small boat explored the coast, trading with the natives, and 
gathering such information relating to the country its bays, rivers 
and lands, as he could obtain. As a result of this voyage he carried 
back to the English markets as he related, "11,000 beavers, 200 
martins and otters, 40,000 dry fish and 7,000 cod fish, corned and 

In 1620, a charter was granted by James the First, to forty 
"Noblemen, Knights and Gentlemen" under the title of "The Coun- 
cil established at Plymouth, in the County of Devon, for planting, 
ruling and governing New England in America." Through their 
territory flowed this river of Kennebec, then sometimes known in 
history as the Sagadahoc. 

Bradford and his associates obtained a grant from the Council 
of Plymouth, of the land where they had settled in Massachusetts. 
Iheir first trading adventure up the Kennebec was in 1625. In the 
autumn of that year they sailed up the river in a shallop loaded with 
corn under the command of Edward Winslow. This they bartered 
with the Indians for "700 pounds of beaver, besides other furs." This 
encouraged them to make further efiforts to establish trade here and 
in 1628 they established a trading post near the mouth of the river 


and near the site of Popham's fort. In 1629, William Bradtord and 
his associates obtained a grant of land upon the Kennebec river. 
1 his grant embraced : 

All that tract of land, or part of New England in America, which lieth 
within or between, and extendeth itself from, the utmost limits of Cobbise- 
conte, alias Comasseconte, which adjoineth to the river Kenebeck, alias 
Kenebekike, towards the western ocean, and a place called the Falls, at 
Neguamkike, in America aforesaid, and the space of fifteen English miles 
on each side of the said river commonly called the Kenebeck river, and all 
the river Kenebeck, that lies within said limits. 

In 1635 ^^'^ fi^d about one hundred white settlers upon the Ken- 
nebec patent. 

Two of the most powerful tribes of the great Abanka nation of 
Indians had their original homes here when the white man first 


Meeting-House erected in what is now Augusta, Maine, in 1782. 

stepped upon this ground, the Cannabas and the Norridgewocks. 
The home of the former was where is now Augusta and W'inslow 
and the territory between these places. The principal village of 
the Norridgewocks was about where the present town of Norridge- 
wock is now located. 

The first war of the Indians against the Whites broke out in June, 
1675. At this time the settlements on the Kennebec were at the 
mouth of the river, where there were trading posts and forts. 
Thomas Purchase in 1654 purchased an extensive tract of land on 
the river Andros, of the Indians, and resided near the Falls at 


Brunswick on his Pejepscot patent, where he traded with the natives 
forty or fifty years acquiring a large estate." 

About this time Richard Hammond had erected a trading house 
and fortification on Arroonsic Island and a trading house at Ticonic 
Falls. Hammond robbed the Indians of furs. He was killed and 
sixteen persons taken prisoners by the Indians in August, 1676. 

During King Williams' War in 1688, homes on the north margin 
of Merr)'meeting Bay were plundered and destroyed and the inhab- 
itants barbarously murdered during this war. The captives were 
generally sent to Ticonic. At this time is the first record of Indians 
taken as prisoners, being sold to the French in Canada as slaves. 

About the time of the settlement of Quebec, Father Biard, a 
French Jesuit, visited the Canibas Indians upon the Kennebec. He 
impressed them favorably. The rude altar improvised by Father 
Biard, near Sheepscot, was the first one erected on the Kennebec. 
Father Biard appeared before the Savages twice in the character of 
officiating priest. 

About 1646 Father Druilletts went down through the wilderness 
from Quebec by canoe and on foot with only some little parcels con- 
taining the missal and crucifix, a few priestly garments, a small box 
of medicines and some bread and wine for the mass. On his way he 
slopped at Old Point in Norridgewock, destined within the next 
three-quarters of a century to be the scene of a b'oody tragedy that 
disgraced the pages of New England history: here he tarried with 
the Norridgewock tribe for a week. 

John' Winslow was then trading at Cushnoc, now Augusta. He 
visited Winslow and was the guest of this distinguished Pilgrim for a 
few days. Although at first not understanding eachother's language 
by the aid of interpreters they soon became warm friends. He ^oon 
engaged in the duties for which he was sent there by his Superior, 
which compelled him to live in cabins of the Indians, nursing the 
sick, baptizing the dying and instructing the living. 

^^ 1653 the General Court appointed Thomas Prince, a commis- 
sioner to institute a civil government. He summoned the inhabitants 
to take the oath of allegiance to the governments of England and 
New Plymouth or leave the patent. A meeting of the inhabitants 
was held at the house of Thomas Ashley at Merrymeeting Bay, 
May 25, 1654. Sixteen men were present, to whom he administered 
the oath of allegiance. Thomas Purchase of Pejepscot was chosen 

"Sullivan, p. 146. 


"Assistant to the Governor," and John Ashley, Constable. They 
CvStablished laws and regulations by which the higher crimes only 
were to be tried at New Plymouth by the General Court. Lesser 
crimes were under the jurisdiction of the Commissioner and his 
assistant. Theft was punished by restitution of three or four fold. 
Drunkenness was fined for the first offence five shillings, ten shillings 
for the second and the stocks for the third. Every inhabitant selling 
Indians strong liquor was fined for the first offence doubly the value 
of the liquor sold, for the second quadruple. If the offender was a 
stranger he was fined iio for the first offence and £20 for the second. 

Mr. Robert E. Hall of Dover, recently called the attention of 
the writer to quite an ancient Masonic book bound in leather and 
containing 286 pages. Its title is as follows : 

*'The Constitution of the Ancient and Honorable Fraternity 
of Free and Accepted Masons : Containing their History, 
Charges, Addresses, &c. 

Collected and digested from their Old Records, faithful Tra- 
ditions, and Lodge Books. For the Use of Masons, to which 
are added. The History of Masonry in the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts, And The Constitution, Laws, and Regulations 
of their Grand Lodge, together with a Large Collection of . 
Songs, Epilogues. &c. 

Printed at Worcester, Massachusetts, By Brother Isaiah 
Thomas, In the Christian Era MDCCXCII ; in the year of 

In it appears the appointment by the Grand Lodge of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts made "on evening of the second day 
of April, 1792," of a committee with full power to "Consider and 
Compile" this book composed of the following: 

"Brethren John Warren, Moses M. Hays, Paul Revere, Aaron 
Dexter, William Scollay, Thaddeus M. Harris, John Lowell, Samuel 
Dunn, James Jackson, Samuel Barrett, William Little, Samuel 
Parkman and John Flemming. 

On one of its fly leaves appears the following penciling: 
"Presented to Mosaic Lodge by Brother Russell Kittredge of 


Swan Island 

Sailing up the Kennebec River on a summer's morning, gliding 
between the banks of that silver}^ thread of water into the heart of 
A-laine, says Elvira Andrews Webber, in the Lewiston Journal, the 
traveller on a Boston steamer, finally reaches the Dresden shores. 

Then, if not before, he is alert. Banks of emerald float past him; 
tints of birch, beech, maple, oak, the heavy green of spruce, and 
pine, and hemlock. Nature at her loveliest, salutes him. A crow 
caws on the Dresden shore ! There is Swan Island ! 

Just here the Kennebec is starred with germs of green. Big Swan 
Island has a namesake in Little Swan Island, and a short distance 
north of it is Spaulding's Island. There are other little jewels, too, 
not bigger than your hand. Big Swan Island is perhaps three or 
four miles in length, and a varying mile or half mile in width. 
The others are much smaller. These islands lie between the Dresden 
and Richmond and Bowdoinham shores. They are a favorite resort 
of picnickers and summer people. 

In 1750 the Plymouth Company map mentions but a single settler 
on Swan Island. That was Capt. James Whidden. He had 325 
acres. All the rest of the island, ''about 850 acres," and Little Swan 
Island also, was granted in 1758 to Doctor Silvester Gardiner. 
Doctor Gardiner was an extensive owner of Kennebec lands. He 
founded the town of Gardiner a few miles north of Swan Island on 
the western bank of the river, and it was to him that old Fort Rich- 
mond, which overlooked the channels on either side of the island, 
was ceded in 1755 when it became no longer necessary as a military 

Some of these Kennebec lands of Doctor Gardiner's were con- 
fiscated at the time of the Revolution, and Swan Island was among 
them. In after years, however, it came back into the hands of his 
descendants, and appears to have been a loved spot with them. 

A daughter of Doctor Gardiner, Rebecca, in 1763 married Phiilip 
Dumaresq of Boston. Their son, James, married Sarah Farwell 
of Vassalborough, Me., in 1797, and settled in the old house 
which his grandfather. Doctor Gardiner, had built on the island 
about 1756. 

This house, surrounded by rich grass lands and noble shade 
trees, looked east toward Little Swan Island. A narrow chan- 


Del separates the two, and the spot is ideal. The old house is 
today known as the Duinaresq house, and looks much as it did 
in the long ago, with its wide porch, the long roof sloping low at 
the back, and its big chimney. It is now the property of Dr. E. C. 
Hebbard, a well-known medical practitioner of Boston, whose family 
spend a few delightful months here each summer. 

But a daughter of this Dumaresq family on Swan Island, Jane 
PVances Rebecca, who from all accounts was very beautiful, married 
a Boston merchant, Col. Thomas Handasych Perkins. It was for 
this Colonel Perkins that the Perkins Institute for the blind at 
South Boston was named. After his retirement from business, the 
family lived at the island during the summer months in a handsome 
house which Colonel Perkins had built a hundred yards north of 
the Dumaresq house on a timbered bluff commanding a fine view 
of the river. This house was burned in 1839, ^^^ ^ smaller house 
took its place. 

Swan Island was in 1760 a part of the town of Pownalborough. 
In 1794 it became a part of the town of Dresden. In 1847 i^ 
became a town by itself, and has so remained. It was called the 
town of Perkins for the Perkins familv. 

The following we clip from a ]Maine newspaper: 
In the Hunnewell cemetery near the home of Silas Hunnewell, seven 
miles above Bingham, on the west side of the Kennebec river there are 
the unmarked graves of two Revolutionary soldiers. These are Joseph Kirk, 
who died in 1775 and Samuel Briggs, who died in 1840. Kirk was one 
of the soldiers in Benedict Arnold's Quebec expedition. Tradition has it 
that he was ill and had to be left behind with one or two men to care for 
hinx The campfire burned off an old pine stump which fell upon Kirk and 
injured him so that he died. He was first buried near where his death 
occurred on land which was afterwards the J. Q. A. Williams place. Sixty 
or more years after his interment the body wras transferred to its present 
resting place by Mr .Williams just mentioned, Cyrus Briggs and Mr. Later. 
Cyrus Briggs was the son of the original settler who came to that section in 
about 1800 and is said to have selected his farm on account of a small 
clearing which had been made for a camping place by Arnold's men. The 
other grave is that of Samuel Briggs also a soldier in the Revolutionary 
Army, but who survived until 1840. 


Georgetown, Maine 
The Ancient and the Modern 

By Rev. Henry O. Thayer. 

Frequently noticed has been the lack of clear apprehension by 
historical writers of the unstable geography and civil constitution of 
this ancient town. They present exceptional features. The per- 
manent settlement was built above the desolation of three Indian 

After the treaty of Utrecht the several land proprietors, heirs 
and assigns holding under Indian deeds from 1639 to 1661, planned 
to reoccupy. The initiatory, enterprise was undertaken, by Boston 
owners, at Arrowsic, an island lying in the Sagadahoc or Kennebec 
river, eight miles from the sea. The proprietors offered 4000 acres, 
100 each to 40 men who would enter and build, and improve three 
•years. By this liberal policy a thriving community was soon estab- 

Massachusetts promising new settlements showed to these mana- 
gers and tenants what seems to be extraordinary favors, for at the 
outset, when but few houses were built, it gave to the prospective 
settlement the rights of an incorporated town. This was done in 
May, 1716. Eighteen months previously a new king had been 
crowned in England, George I, and in honor, his name was applied 
to this, new town in his Western dominions, George-town, simply 
and only the island of Arrowsic. Some of his loyal subjects wished 
to do more for their soverign of the house of Hanover by casting 
aside the island's aboriginal name, and did for a time write ''George- 
town on Hanover Island." 

While a score of years went by settlers came in on the outlying 
lands. They also desired similar privileges and accordingly all the 
territory from Merrymeetiiig bay to the ocean was united to the 
central island town constituting one large municipality 20 miles in 
length along the dividing river. The new enlarged town still retained 
the former name Georgetown. It began legal existence in 1738, and 
records from that date are extant. The record book of previous 
years was unfortunately lost. 

This first Sagadahoc town had been constructed by addition. 
After a score of years it began to suffer by subtraction. The north- 
cast section was cut away in 1759 to form Woolwich. The opposite 


section west of the river became Bath in 1781, and long after, 1844, 
its western side was sliced off for a new town, West Bath. The 
peninsula on the southwest became Phipsburg in 18 14. Then 
Georgetown comprised only Parker's island and Arrowsic, the rem- 
nant east of the river. At length the latter wished to set up for 
itself and seceded in 1841, and took for a town name the ancient 
island name, Arrowsic. Bereft of its municipal companions the 
ancient Rescoheagan, or Parker's Island, as if a residuary legatee 
was left in possession of the dismembered town's name with old 
records and still holds it, Georgetown. Hence the curious fact, the 
small island which had at first received, and singly borne, and next 
jointly shared the name for 25 years, lost it, and it fell to its larger 
neighbor island. 

The territory which was constituted Georgetown in 1738, now 
comprises five towns and one city. 

Abridged : 


Its Municipal Changes. 

1716. The name given at incorporation to Arrowsic alone, the newly 
settled island within the Sagadahoc or Kennebec river. 

1738. Adjacent territory on the east and the west of the river, 
annexed, the name unchanged. 

1759. Woolwich on the northeast taken off. 

1 781. Also Bath on the west and northwest. 

1814. The southwest peninsula became Phipsburg. 

1841. The island Arrowsic became again a separate town by that 

1841. By the separation the name Georgetown was left to the east- 
ern island, Parker's or Recoheagan, long possessed by John 
Parker but conveyed by formal deed Feb.. 2^, 1650. 

1844. A west side section of Bath became the town of West Bath. 
The Georgetown of 1738 equals now five towns and one 


Historical Field Days at 
Castine, Maine 

On July 14-15, 191 5, the Bangor and the Piscataquis Historical 
Societies united in an excursion to the historic town of Castine, 
having been invited by the live and enterprising Board of Trade of 
that town. 

The sail down the Penobscot river was a beautiful one, the day 
was fine and the event proved to be a gala day for all who were 
fortunate enough to attend. 

Ihe literary and historical exercises were of the highest order 
and were listened to by intelligent and appreciative audiences. 

On the evening of \\'ednesday,*July 14, in the Emerson Memorial 
town hall the meeting was called to order by Mr. \\\ H. Hooper, 
president of the Castine Board of Trade, who introduced Honorable 
\V. A. Walker, who made an appropriate and eloquent address of 
welcome. This was responded to by Honorable Henry Lord, presi- 
dent of the Bangor Historical Society, and John Francis Sprague, 
president of the Piscataquis Historical Society 

This meeting was then presided over by President Lord. After 
excellent music by the Castine Orchestra, and remarks by Congress- 
man Guernsey of Dover, Dr. \Vm. C. Mason of Bangor, and others, 
Mr. Charles W. Noyes of New York and a native of Castine, deliv- 
ered a scholarly and able address which the Journal will publish in 
the near future, on "Fort Pentagoet and the early Beginnings of 
Castine." This was followed by an equally able and valuable address 
by George A. \\ heeler, A. M. M. D., long a resident of Castine and 
author of "History of Castine," one of the most valuable of Maine's 
town histories on "Castine in the Revolutionary Period and during 
the War of 1812." 

The day of July 15 was well and profitably spent by the visitors 
it. viewing the historic spots and ancient landmarks in old Castine, 
which are so indentified and well preserved by many tablets and. 
markers. Altogether there are about 55 tablets and 29 markers. 

Professor Warren K. Moorehead of the Department of Arch- 
aeology, Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., who is in charge of 
men making excavations and investigations of the shellheaps and 
other evidences of the pre-historic Indians along the coast of Castine 
Bay and Penobscot river, furnished the members with free trans- 
portation in motor boats to inspect his work there. 


The Board of Trade, the citizens and the summer visitors gener- 
ously provided all with autos and motor boats for all of this sight 

In the evening of Thursday, July 15, in the historic old Unitarian 
Church a meeting equally as interesting as the former was held and 
v/as presided over by President Sprague of the Piscataquis Society. 
The program for the evening was "The Taverns, Stage Drivers and 
Newspapers of Castine," Mrs. Louise Wheeler Bartlett of Castine ; 
**The Pre-Colonial Indians," Professor Warren K. Moorehead of 
Andover, Mass. ; "The Dutch at Castine," Mr. Charles W. Noyes of 
of New York; "Maine in 1920," Edward M. Blanding of Bangor. 
These several addresses were each in their way and upon their 
respective lines of thought eloquent, instructive and highly enter- 
taining, and were listened to by a large, enthusiastic and appreciative 

The entire affair from its beginning to its close was in every way 
a success and an inspiration to all who participated in it. It must 
surely result in an increased interest in the study of Maine's early 
colonial history and promote the cause of education in Maine his- 
torical subjects. 

Great credit is due to the Castine Board of Trade, to Castine's 
public spirited citzens to many of its summer visitors, and especially 
to Mr. Edward M. Blanding, the energetic secretary of the Bangor 
Society, who was assisted by Judge Edgar C. Smith, the corre- 
sponding secretary of the Piscataquis Society, for the complete suc- 
cess which so happily crowned their persistent efforts. 

The members of the Piscataquis Society feel grateful to Mr. 
Blanding and the Bangor Society for initiating the movement which 
resulted in this delightful event. 

The entire party were most pleasantly entertained at the Acadian, 
one of the most attractive and commodious hotels on the Maine 
coast. Manager Walker did everything possible for the comfort and 
pleasure of all and every guest left feeling under personal ol)ligation 
to him. 


Ralph Farnham, a Bunker 
Hill Patriot 

By Sarah Lucas Martin. 

Among the heir-looms treasured by the members of the Farnham 
family in Dover Maine, is a picture, autograph, and imperfect 
sketch on yellowed paper of Ralph Farnham, the last survivor of 
the battle of Bunker Hill, who died in Acton, Me., in 1861, in the 
io6th year of his age. 

The likeness and autograph were obtained the year previous to 
his death, at the time of the visit of Mr. Farnham to Boston by 
invitation of Gov. Banks and other distinguished men, to be present 
at the reception accorded the Prince of Wales on his visit to this 
country in i860. The invitation reads in this wise and is signed 
by N. P. Banks, governor ; F. W. Lincoln, mayor ; Edward Everett, 
Charles Sumner and some ^o other eminent citizens. : 

Mr. Ralph Farnham, Acton, Maine: 

We, being residents oi the city of Boston, the scene of our earliest Revo- 
lutionary strugrgles, naturally feel a pride in ever>-thing that reminds us of 
the glorious day when our forefathers did battle for freedom. That genera- 
tion has well-nigh passed away. You in your 105th year, are one of the few 
connecting links which unites the present generation with that upon which 
the Independence of our country dawned, and the sole survivor of that gal- 
lant band who took part in the battle of Bunker Hill. We cordially invite 
you to visit Boston. We desire to see you, — to shake hands with you, and to 
pay you that respect due alike to your patriarchal age and to the part you 
tcok in the struggle which secured our National Independence. 

Mr. Farnham's quaint reply follows: 

AcTOx, Sept. 2 1 St, i860. 
Mr. N. B. Banks, Governor, Mr. F. IV. Lincoln, Mayor, Mr. Edzvard Everett, 

and others: 

I have received your invitation to visit Boston. I thank you for the honor 
you do me. When I 'listed in the American Army at 18 years of age, and 
engaged in the battle of Bunker Hill I did not suppose I should live to be 
104 years of age and be asked by so many distinguished men to visit Boston. 
I do not think I deserve any special credit for the part I took in the Revolu- 
tion. I only felt and acted as others. I remember distinctly the time when I ■ 
'listed in May, 1775, and soon after left home for Cambridge. We got to 
Cambridge the day before the batde of Bunker Hill. Oh, that was a dreadful 
battle! It was the first time I had ever took part in fighting. It was dread- 
ful to take those eight gims from the British and turn them upon them. 
After that I served through three campaigns. I receive every year my pen- 



sion of $61.66, though I have to pay $4 ever>' year for a lawyer in Portland 
to get it for me. I have many things to comfort me, as I journey along 
through life; innumerable are the mercies I am surrounded with. As to 
temporal matters kind, loving children, faithful friends. As to spiritual, the 
Holy Scriptures and the various institutions of religion, all of which are 
designed for our improvement here and to prepare us to dwell in that 
better world above. If a kind Providence spares my life and health you 
may expect to see me in Boston bet^veen the first and eighth of October. 

Your friend, 

By invitation of Paran Stevens proprietor of the Revere House, 
he was entertained there during his stay. The interview the old 

gentleman had with the 
Prince of Wales, was of 
great interest to both. 
He, who as a stripling of 
18, with his poorly clad, 
half armed comrades, 
fought the h au g h t y 
forces of King George 
III, now after nearly 90 
years, as the sole repre- 
sentative of that gallant 
band, welcomed and ex- 
changed courtesies with 
the grandson, while he 
himself was one of a 
great nation, in a broad, 
free land ! Mr. Farn- 
ham used often to speak 
kS^s; J of this interview with 

^^^■ • ' ""J the greatest pleasure, re- 

marking laughingly that 
he "tried to show the 
boy and his soldiers that 
he bore no anger for old 

Ralph Farnham was born at Lebanon, N. H., July 7, 1756. The 
family originally came from England. At 18, having at length 
obtained the consent of his mother, he enlisted with several other 
young men of the village, and marched to Cambridge, where Gen- 
eral Washington had taken up his headquarters ; arriving the day 
before the battle of Bunker Hill. In this engagement, he was in the 



Revolutionary- soldier, and the last survivor 

of the batde of Bunker Hill. 


forces under the command of Gen. Putnam. The following spring, 
he went with the army under Washington to Long Island and took 
part in nearly every engagement. 

He was with Washington through all that disastrous pursuit by 
the British through New Jersey, and through all the terrible winter 
at Valley Forge. Subsequently, he was with the forces under Gen. 
Gates, and remembered all the points pertaining to Burgoyne's sur- 
render. He was on guard at the time a flag of truce was brought 
from the British general. It would strve no purpose to follow him 
through the service. 

In 1780 he retired to the wilds of Maine and took up 100 acres of 
land in a township now known as Acton. He was the first settler in 
this region and felled the first trees in this section. The countrv' 
for miles around was covered with a dense forest. Here he first 
built a log hut, cleared fields, raised crops and made a home in the 
wilderness. Later he built a plain but comfortable farm house nearby, 
brought here a young wife and reared his family of seven children 
who all grew to manhood and womanhood. 

The hard, rocky soil yielded but an ungenerous livelihood, and a 
nation, which had grown strong, and rich, and powerful, gave to this 
last survivor of that glorious battle which largely decided the fate 
of the colonies — gave him $61.66 yearly, and he had to pay a Port- 
land lawyer $4 a year to get that for him. He died, as has been 
stated, in 1861 in his io6th year. 

His descendants live, some in Acton, some in Kennebec county. 
Many relatives live in Piscataquis county. The Famhams were 
decidedly pioneers. W'm. Farnham, a cousin, was the third settler in 
Sangerville. He planted the first orchard in that town, bringing the 
young trees from Garland on his shoulders. There he reared his 
large family of seven sons and three daughters. Levi O. was the 
fourth of these sons and for many years a resident of Dover. His 
death occurred October 31, 1897. 


A Famous Lawsuit 


(Wayfarer's Notes) 

Editor's Note: The late Honorable Joseph W. Porter of Bangor, from 
1885 to 1895, published "The Bangor Historical Magazine," and after its 
discontinuance and for a few years prior to his decease, he contributed to the 
Bangor Commercial a series of exceedingly valuable papers relating to the 
early history of Eastern Maine. 

These were all written by Mr. Porter and published under the nom. de 
plume of "Wayfarer"' and known as "Wayfarer's Notes." 

Like all of his historical research these papers are of inestimable value for 
their accuracy and the care with which they were prepared. 
(Continued from page 18) 


Rev. Robert Gutch or Gooch from Salem came to Kennebec 
river, and May 29, 1660, bought of Robin Hood and other Indians 
a tract of land which was substantially what was incorporated into 
the town of Bath, Feb. 17, 1781. This deed was recorded in York 
records, Vol. 2, Folio 32, Oct. 27, 1667. Gutch died in 1666. He 
had a family of children, some of whom lived in the vicinity, but 
nothing is seen of them until about 1740 when new settlements 
began there under claims from the heirs of Gooch. Dr. Silvester 
Gardiner, with the consent of the company undertook to prosecute 
its claim on the Bath territory. Dr. Gardiner probably for the pur- 
poses of this case sold out to David Jeffries of Boston, or appointed 
him as attorney. David Jeffries, clerk of Boston, lessee under Silves- 
ter Gardiner, by deed of April i, 1762, brought a suit against one 
Joseph Sergeant of George Town for: 

Twelve thousand acres of land in George Town more or less, beginning on 
the westerly side of the Chops of Merrymeeting Bay, thence southerly down 
the Kennebec River as the river runs to Winnegance Creek, thence to the 
farthest part of said Creek, thence by the nearest and most direct route of 
New Meadows Bay, and froon thence along said Bay westerly and northerly 
up Stevens river and by said river and Creek to the bridge above the head 
thereof, and from said bridge north to Merrymeeting Bay, thence north 
westerly along said Bay to the Chops aforesaid, being the first m-entioned 
boundary, the same being parcel of the Tract called the Kennebec Purchase 
from the late Colony of Xew Plymouth. 

This suit was for the whole, not a part of the town. 


The case was originally brought in the inferior court and by sham 
demurrer carried to the ''Superior Court of Judicature." Here a 
new party appears: Col. Nathaniel Donnell, an eminent citizen of 
York, was upon petition admitted to defend. Jeffries found his 
match. This Nathaniel Donnell of York was a kinsman (and prob- 
ably uncle) of the other Nathaniel Donnell, the settler in Bath prior 
to 1750, who claimed rights under the Gooch claim. The York man 
bought lands of the Bath man, and he in turn sold to others, and 
tliis obliged him to defend. The case was tried at the term held in 
Cumberland county the fourth Tuesday of June, 1765. The full 
bench of judges were present, viz: Chief Justice Thomas Hutch- 
inson of Milton, afterwards lieutenant-governor; Benjamin Lynde 
of Salem, afterwards chief justice, 1781 ; John Cushing of Scituate; 
Peter Oliver, afterward chief justice, and Edward Trowbridge, of 
Cambridge, sometime attorney-general. The most able and efficient 
lawyers of the country were employed at the trial. For the plaintiff 
were Jeremiah Gridley of Boston attorney-general ; James Otis, Jr., 
of Boston, the great patriot ; and William Cushing of Pownalboro, 
afterward chief justice, 1777, and judge of the Supreme Court of 
the United States. For the defendant were W^illiam Parker of 
Portsmouth, N. H., afterward judge of admiralty and of the Supreme 
Court of New Hampshire; Daniel Farnham of Newbury, and David 
Sewall of York, afterward judge of the Supreme Court, 1777 and 
the first judge of the United States District Court for ^Maine, 1789 
to 1818. Such an array of judges and attorneys was never seen in 
Maine before or since. The case was tried and the jury found for 
Donnell and judgment was entered upon their verdict. Later Jeffries 
brought a writ of review, as he had a right to do, and that was 
entered and tried at the court held in Falmouth (Portland) on the 
fourth Tuesday of June, 1766, A great concourse of people were 
present. Parson Smith says in his Journal : "J^"^ 29, Sunday, the 
lieutenant-governor (Sir Francis Bernard), Judge Oliver, Mr. Goff, 
Mr. Winthrop and Mr. Bowdoin at Meeting." The case was thor- 
oughly contested, but the jury under the instructions of the court, 
brought in a verdict for Donnell again. At the end of the record is 
the following: 

Immediately after entering up this judgment, the plaintiff moved for an 
appeal from the same unto his majesty in council. Not granted: the court 
being of opinion that by the royal charter an appeal does not lie in this case. 

In all probability the defence plead the Gooch claim and possessory 

lOO brK^\ULl:.b JUUKMAi. Ut MAilNil niMUKl 

The Kennebec company were defeated in the end and gave up the 

James Sullivan of Berwick was a law student in 1766 and settled 
in George Town, 1767. Attorney General, 1790- 1807, and governor 
1807-1808. He wrote a history- of Maine, 1795. I quote from pages 
118 and 119: 

"There can be no pretension that this was the true construction 
of the (Kennebec) Patent. But the construction by the judges was 
popular, and under all the circumstances very equitable and just. 
There is something in popular opinion which never fails to influence 
the tribunals of Justice, in a Country : It is always more agreeable 
to Judges to have a coincidence of public opinion for their support. 
In the case above the rights of the Crown were not concerned and 
the decision was popular." 

Mr. Windsor P. Daggett of Auburn, contributes the following 
regarding a former well known citizen of Springfield, Maine: 

Mr. Edwin A. Reed was born in Springfield, Maine, April 29, 
1843, the son of Francis Augustus and Julia Ann Hersey Reed. In 
1866 he married Nellie May Woodbury, who died a number of 
years later, leaving him three children. In 1883 he married Angie 
Ford Page of Burlington, ]Maine. Mr. Reed spent the greater 
part of his life in Springfield, where he was always a public spirited 
citizen, and where for several years he was First Selectman. He 
moved to Orono in 1903. Mr. Reed attended the Congregational 
Church; he was a life-long Republican and a strong Roosevelt man. 
He was a member of the G. A. R., and a member of the Mechanics 
Lodge of Masons. He also held a membership in the Mt, Horeb 
Chapter of .Masons, Mattawamkeag. He died at his residence in 
Crono, June 30, 191 5, "one of the substantial and dependable men 
of the town." 

He is survived by his widow, and his four children: Annie 
Hersey Reed, Orono ; Harry E. Reed, Millinocket ; Carl W. Reed, 
East Hampton, Mass. ; and Philip P. Reed, Minneapolis, Minn. 
He also leaves four grandchildren, and two brothers : James A. 
Reed of Springfield, Maine; and Samuel Hersey Reed, Mabton, 

Honorable Elias Dudley and Some 
of His Political Correspondence 

With Notes by the Editor. 

(Continued from Page 25) 


A meeting of delegates from the several towns and plantations in the 
County of Penobscot, was held at the Court-House in Bangor, on Wednes- 
day, the 9th day of July, 1828, agreeably to previous notice. The meeting 
was called to order by John Wilkins. Esq. The Hon. MARTIN KINSLEY 
was voted, that the Chairman and Secretary examine the returns of the 
members ; whereupon it was ascertained that thirty-five members were 

VOTED, That a Committee of seven be appointed to report resolutions for 
the consideration of the Convention, at the hour to which this meeting shall 

The following gentlemen were accordingly chosen on said Committee: 


VOTED, That this meeting be adjourned to three o'clock this afternoon^ 

The Convention met according to adjournment. 

The Committee appointed for that purpose, then reported the following 
resolutions, which were unanimously adopted : 

RESOLVED, That, having full confidence in the talents, experience, and 
political integrity of JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, we will unite our etforts 
with those of our fellow-citizens, in every part of the Union, to secure his 

RESOLVED, That we approve of the nomination of RICHARD RUSH 
for Vice-President. 

RESOLVED, That we approve of the nomination of COL. THOMAS 
FILLEBROWN and GEN. SIMON NOWELL, as Electors at large for the 
State, and will give them our undivided support. 

RESOLVED, That we concur in the nomination, made by our fellow- 
citizens in the County of Somerset, of the HON. JOHN MOOR, of Anson, 
as Elector for the Somerset and Penobscot District, and that we will use all 
fair and honorable means to ensure his election. 

The Convention then proceeded to nominate a candidate to represent the 
Somerset and Penobscot District in the next Congress, and the votes were 
for the HON. SAMUEL BUTMAN. 32— whereupon it was 

UNANIMOUSLY RESOLVED, That, approving of the^ course pur;ued 
by the HON. SAMUEL BUTMAN, member of Congress frojn ihS'^'pistrict, 
we cordially unite in recommending him as a Candidate for re-el ec^<en, and 
will use all honorable means to effect it. 


The Convention then proceeded to nominate a candidate for Senator from 
this County to the next Legislature, and SOLOMON PARSONS, ESQ. 
hav-mg thirty votes, it was UNANIMOUSLY RESOLVED, that he be 
recommended as a candidate for re-election to the Senate of this State. 

RESOLVED, That CHARLES RICE. Esq., be recommended as a Can- 
didate for the office of County Treasurer, at the next election. 

The Convention then adopted the following Resolution: 

Whereas the next Legislature of this State will elect two Senators in 
Congress, and otherwise exert an important influence on the subject of 
national politics — RESOLVED, that we recommend to our fellow-citizens, to 
exert themselves to elect undoubted friends of the Administration, as mem- 
bers of the next Legisature. 

RESOLVED, That a Committee of three be appointed to prepare and 
publish an address to the Electors, to accompany the proceedings of this 
meeting : 

WILKINS, were chosen a Committee for this purpose. 

RESOLVED, That the proceedings of this meeting be signed by the Chair- 
man and Secretary, and published in the Bangor Register and Somerset 


Bangor^ June, 1834. 
Dear Sir, 

The friends of the Union and Constitution, and the supporters of Whig 
Principles in Bangor, have determined to celebrate the coming Fourth of July, 
the great day which gave birth to their privileges. They feel desirous to 
meet their friends from the Country on that occasion — they therefore extend 
an invitation to you, and all the citizens of your town, and hope that all who 
can make it convenient will attend and unite in the Celebration. 

The Oration will be delivered by WILLIAM PITT FESSENDEN, ESQ. 




Bangor, August — 1837. 
D. Sir: 

Our friends here feel some anxiety in relation to the town of Newburg. 
There ought to be a complete thorough but secret organization of the Whigs 
in that town. That only can be done by the personal exertions of some 
our Hampden friends, & by seeing personally the W^iigs in that town. The 
defection in the Tory party is by no means confined according the informa- 
tion we can obtain here to this County. They boast among their friends 
that they (the Silver Greys) can reduce the Parks vote 5000 in the state. 
It would :be^ J>ad enough to lose the election in this County but it would be 
an eterhai 'disgrace to us under such circumstances to lose the election of 
^•JK^nt.'J^As Han'^or is a.V prt-sent rather head quarters as we have determined 


to leave nothing undone I thought I would just drop you a line about Xew- 
burg although I suppose the necessary work in that town has long since 
been performed. 

It is extremely important that even,' Whig old & young should be at the 
polls & that carriages should be pro\'ided for the infirm & destitute as there 
is no doubt from information from upper part of the County that there will 
be a close vote. 

Truly yours, 


William H. McCrillis was born in Georgetown, Maine, Nov. 4, 
1813, and died in Bangor. He studied law with Allen & Appleton 
and commenced practice there in 1834, and was for many years a 
prominent citizen and a leading lawyer of that city, and had an 
extensive law practice throughout Eastern Maine. He Avas formerly 
a Whig and then a Republican, but after the close of the Civil War 
he became a Democrat and acted with that party during the remain- 
der of his life. He was a member of the Maine House of Repre- 
sentatives in 1859-6061. He was a man of brilliant abilities and a 
forceful and eloquent advocate at the bar. 

He died in Bangor, Maine, May 3, 1889. 

Bangor, Jan'y 15, 1841. 
Hon. Elias Dudley — 

Dear Sir — It has been suggested to me. that it may be thought expedient 
to put some other person in the place of him who holds the office of Register 
of Probate in this County — If such change should be deemed expedient by 
the Governor, I should be glad to have Mr. Joseph Chapman of Bangor 
appointed to fill the office — All the habits of Mr. Chapman are remarkably 
well adapted to qualify him for that office — 

Mr. C's moral character is altogether unexceptionable — In every other 
respect I can cheerfully recommend him — 

Very respectfully your 
friend & Svt. 


Bangor, May 29, 1841. 
Elias Dudley, Esq., 

D. Sir. There is much interest felt in reference to the appointment of 
Superintendent of the Insane Hospital. It is supposed that the appointment 
will be made at the next session of the Gov, & Council. 

The name of Dr. Benj. D. Bartlett of this city has been proposed for that 
situation. Dr. Bartlett has been in several cases of great difficulty, called 
to visit in consultation in my family. In my instance he has exhibited great 
carefullness & skill in his investigations, & sagacity in his conclusions, and I 
take great pleasure in saying that I should place unlimited confidence in his 
ability to discharge any situation to which he might be called in the range 

104 bFKAULbb JULKr\AL Ut MAiiNh. MibiUKY 

of his profession I have no doubt his appointment to the situation referred 
to would prove highly satisfactory. My opinion having been Hmited to this 
point, I have ventured thus far to trouble you in the matter. 

With high regard 

Your friend & Obt. Svt., 


John Alfred Poor, son of Daniel Poor, who emigrated to New 
England from Andover, Hampshire County, England, in 1638, was 
a descendant of Roger Poor, a priest in the time of William the 
Conqueror, and a Chaplain in the army of his youngest son Prince 
Henry. For two centuries or more Daniel Poor's descendants lived 
in Andover and other towns in Essex County, Massachusetts, when 
three brothers of this name emigrated, to what is now Oxford 
County, Maine, in 1790, in what was formerly called East Andover 
and is now the town of Andover which was settled by Ezekiel Mer- 
rill in 1789. The second of these brothers was Silvanus Poor, a 
physician, who married the daughter of Ezekiel Merrill. He was 
a prominent citizen and a member of the Maine Constitutional Con- 
vention in 1819. John Alfred Poor was their second son born Janu- 
try 8, 1808. Jacob McGaw, a graduate of Dartmouth College, and 
a lifelong friend and correspondent of Daniel Webster, married a 
sister of Silvanus Poor. Mr. McGaw was one of the most brilliant 
of Maine's early lawyers and was the first County Attorney of 
Penobscot County. When John Alfred was about twelve years of 
age Mr. McGaw visited the Poor family in East Andover and he 
was so favorably impressed with the lad that he invited him to visit 
him at his home in Bangor. Later (1827) after he had attended 
school and an Academy and had taught school he returned to Bangor, 
entered Mr. McGaw's office as a law student and was admitted to 
the Penobscot County Bar in 1832, and commenced the practice of 
law in Old Town, but in a few months returned to Bangor where 
he formed a law partnership with Mr. McGaw and later with his 
brother, Henrj- V'arnum Poor, he practiced law for a period of 
about fourteen years when he became profoundly interested in 
the then new idea that railroads could be developed for long dis- 
tances as thoroughfares for freight and passengers, and in 1846 he 
moved to Portland and was the greatest promoter of the Atlantic 
and St. Lawrence Railway, which was the beginning of the Grand 
I'runk system. For several years there was a great struggle through- 
out New England and Canada as to whether the terminus should 
be at Boston or Portland. The Portland interests were ably led by 
Mr. Poor, who finally won the fight. One curious fact connected 


with this enterprise is that the officials of the Atlantic and St. Law- 
rence Railway objected to paying Mr. Poor the sum of five dollars 
per day for his services which would now probably be regarded 
as moderate at ten times that amount for the herculean work per- 
formed by him. He was also the principal founder of the European 
and North American Railway and at the time of his death it was 
generally conceded that he was, in the words of the Boston Journal, 
"the father of the railroad system of Maine, especially in its relations 
to British North America." He was powerful both as a writer and 
orator. His writings for newspapers and public journals and his 
published addresses, in his efforts to awaken public sentiment to the 
importance of the development of railroads would fill volumes. At 
one time he founded a newspaper in Portland which he owned and 
edited for six years, called The State of Maine and which was after- 
wards (1849) merged into the Portland Advertiser. In 1849 ^^ 
purchased the American Railway Journal in New York and was for 
a time its editor. He died in Portland, Maine, September 5, 1871. 

Carmel, Jan'y 16, 1841. 
Elias Dudley, Esqr. 

Dr. Sr. I learn by Mr. Emery of this place that you have been Elected 
CounciJer for Penobscot which I can assure you is very gratifying to me 
and that my Exertions has not been in vain. The reason of my writing you 
at this time 15 as follows, viz : There came a few days since a petition for a 
Mr. Hill of Exeter for my name it being stated at the time that Mr. Hill 
would be the choice of the Whigs of Penobscot for Sheriff. Since I have 
learned that It is a moove of some of the Most Poison Locos to have some 
of these Loco Dept. Sheriff reappointed being connected by marriage you 
probably will see the petitions and the leading Locos names to them if Mr. 
Hill is Sheriff. A Mr. Franklin Ruggles is to be Dept. for this section. I 
hope you will inform Mr. Kent and others of the council of the fact if Mr. 
Hills claims are more than any one beside I have nothing to say if not I 
presume this will be a word in season. 

Yours Respectfully in haste, 


"Loco-Focos," a political nickname given to a certain faction of 
the Democratic party in the state of New York (1835-7), ^"^ after- 
wards its use as applied to the entire party, became national. This 
faction called themselves the ''Equal Rights party" and were opposed 
to special privileges in granting charters to banks and other cor- 
porations. At a meeting in Tammany Hall, October 29, 1835, the 
regular Tammany Democrats tried to gain control. Finding them- 
selves outnumbered they turned out the lights and retired. The 
Equal Rights men poduced candles and '*loco-foco" matches, and 
contined the meeting. Hence the name loco-foco. 

(To be continued) 


Alphabetical List of the Members of 

the First Congregational Church 

of Bangor, Maine, 1811-1856 

Contributed by Faxnie Hardy Eckstorm. 

Eliashib Adams, 
Mrs. Anna Adams, 
George E. Adams, 
Eliza L. Adams, 
Mary A. Adams 
Mrs. Malinda S. Adams, 
Charlotte M. Adams, 
Henry M. Adams, 
Mary E. Adams, 
Mrs. Mary Allen, 
Martha Allen, 
John Allen, 
James Allen, 
Mrs. Xaomi E. Allen, 
Margaret Allen, 
Mrs. Sarah E. Allen, 
Mary Allen, 
Charlotte S. Allen, 
Mrs. Elizabeth F. Allen, 
Sarah C. Ally, 
Mrs. Lydia Aver, 
Mrs. Sabra Bailey, 
Uriah Bailey, 
Mrs. Julia Bailey, 
Rebecca Baddershall, 
John Barker, 
Mrs. Sophia Barker, 
Mrs. Abigail Barker, 
George Barker, 
Elizabeth C. Barker, 
Ruth Bartlett, 
Ruth M. Bartlett, 
Martha \V. Bartlett, 
Mrs. Rebecca Bartlett, 
Thomas Bartlett, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Bartlett, 
Mary Bartlett, 

Daniel Bartlett 

Mrs. Elizabeth Y. Bartlett, 

Mrs. Martha Bartlett, 

Abby H. Bartlett, 

Ann M. Bartlett, 

Harriett Bartlett, " - 

Eliza A. Bartlett, 

Thomas Beacroft, 

Mrs. Jane Beacroft, 

Mary A. Beacroft, "• 

David I. Bent, : 

Mrs. Rebecca Bent, 

Mrs. Lx)rena Bent, 

Mrs. Caroline P. Bement, 

Caleb C Billings, 

Mrs. Catherine R. Blunt, 

Mrs. Abigail Blake, 

Horatio W. Blood, 

Wm. H. Boardman, 

Mrs. Roxa V. Boardman, 

Mrs. Mary I. S. Boardman, 

Jonathan Boardman, 

Philinda Bond, 

Wm. Bourne, 

■Mrs. Velnora Bourne, 

Benjamin Bourne, 

Mrs. Clarissa Bourne, 

Mrs. Xarcissa Bourne, 

George F. Bourne, 

Isaac H. Bowker, 

Mrs. Eliza Bowker, 

Mrs. Huldah Bowen, 

Mrs. Sarah H. Bowler, 

Charles Bowler, 

nVm. Boyd, 

James Boyd, 

Mrs. Sally Boyd, 

^William Boyd, one of the first Deacons of this church. 


Mrs. Hannah Boyd, 

Mrs. Edna Boyd, 

Wm. Boyd, 

John Boyd, 

Robert Boyd, 

George Bradford, 

Mrs. Mary Bradford, 

Horace B. Brastow, 

Mary A. Bright, 

Margaret Britton, 

Mary Britton, 

Mrs. Sophia H. Brown, 

Joseph Brown, 

Priscilla Brown, 

Sophia Brown, 

Mrs. Elizabeth Brown, 

Harriet F. Brown, 

George M. Brown, 

Lewis A. Brown, 

George W. Brown, 

Theo. S. Brown, 

Mrs. Sarah S. Brown, 

Albert G. Brown, 

Mrs. Mary A. Brown, 

'Wm. H. Brown, 

Mrs. Susan Bruce, ,,^ 

Eliza Bryant, 

George A. Buck, 

Joseph Budson, 

John Burke, 

Mrs. Charlotte Burnham, 

Harriet P. Butrick, 

Henry Call, 

Henry E. Call, 

Hannah E. Call, 

Mrs. Martha Call, 

Martha C. Call, 

Mary A. Call, 

Mrs. Betsy Carle, 

Sarah Carey, 

Mrs. Almira Carr, 

Mrs. Mary Carr, 

*J. Wingate Carr, 

Joseph Carr, 

Sarah F. Carr, 
Henry Cargil, 
Mrs. Sarah D. Cargill, 
Mrs. Eliza E. Carter, 
Sumner Chalmers, 
Sarah W. Chalmers, 
Henry L. Chamberlain, 

• Sarah M. W. Chandler, 
Hannah A. Chandler, 
Mrs. Sarah Chick, 
Hannah Clark, 

Mrs. Ann Clark, 
Mrs. Sarah D. Clark, 
Allen Clark, 
Huldah Clark, 
Thomas W. Clark, 
Otis Cobb, 
Rebecca A. Cook 
Philip Coombs, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Coombs, 
Philip H. Coombs, 
Mrs. Eliza W. Coombs, 
Mrs. Eliza A. B. Coombs, 
Philip Coombs, 
Philomela H. Converse, 
Mrs. Sarah B. Copeland, 
Jesse E. Cornelius, 
Mrs. Mary A. Cox, 
Mrs. Lydia Cram, 
Mrs. Mary L. Cram, 
Levi Cram, 

• Mrs. Elizabeth A. Cram, 
Mrs. Condace Crocker, 
Stephen S. Crosby, 
Mrs. Hannah Crosby, 
Mrs. Crosby, 

John Crosby, 
Margaret Crosby, 
Sarah Crosby, 
Harriet Crosby, 
John Crosby, 
Olive Crosby, 
Mrs. Ann Crosby, 
Mrs. Lucy Crosby, 

"Honorable William H. Brown, Mayor of Bangor, 1880-81. 
'Honorable J. Wingate Carr, once Sheriff of Penobscot County and Mayor 
of Bangor 1840-41. 


Timothy Crosby, 

Charlotte C. Crosby, 

Sarah H. Crosby, 

John L. Crosby, 

James H. Crosby, 

Thomas Daggatt, 

Mrs. Salome Daggatt, 

Wm. Davenport, 

Mrs. Elizabeth Davenport, 

Zadock Davis, 

Mrs. Betsey Davis, 

Asa Davis, 

^Irs. Eizabeth Davis, 

Sally Da\-is, 

Josiah Beane, 

Mrs. Betsey P. Beane, 

Esther Beane, 

Mrs. Sarah Dearbon, 

Noah Dearbon, 

Wm. S. Dennett, 

Lucy A. Dickey, 

Mrs. Martha Dickinson, 

Joshua P. Dickinson, 

Samuel H. Dickinson, 

Albert A. Dillingham. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Dillingham, 

Mrs. Caroline Dillingham, 

Samuel Doe, 

Mrs. Abigail Doe. 

Nancy Doe. 

Elizabeth Doe. 

Mrs. Judith Dole, 

Edmun-d Dole, 

Daniel Dole, 

Nathan Dole. 

George S. C. Dow, 

Wm. H. Dow, 

Mrs. Delia L. Dow, 

Mrs. Hannah Dow, 

Mrs. Hannah Downing, 

Mrs. Eunice Dresser, 

Daniel Dresser, 

Mrs. Elcy C. Dresser, 

Mrs. Rachel Drummond, 

Alexander Drummond, 

Mrs. Margaret Drummond, 

Mrs. Lydia G. Drummond, 

Mrs. Sarah W. Drummond, 

Maria L. Drummond, 

Mary Dunham, 

E. Freeman Dujen, 

Mrs. Mary C. Duren, 

*S^mueI E. Dutton, 

Mrs. Marcia Dutton, 

Ruth Dutton, 

Abigai Dutton, 

Mrs. Lydia EasUnan, 

Jacob Eastman, 

Mrs. Abigail S. Eastman, 

Joshua Eaton, 

Sarah Edes, 

Mary P. Egery, 

Mrs. Betsey Ellis, 

John Ellis, 

Wm. Emerson, 

Mrs. Lois Emerson, 

Eleanor Emerson, 

Lorena Emerson, 

Mrs. Trv'phosia Eustis, 

Charles O. Fanning, 

Mrs. Fidelia Fanning, 

Mary E. Fanning, 

Mrs. Harriet Farnham, 

Mrs, Comfort Farringlon, 

Mrs. Ruth Fisher, 

Mrs. Rebecca M. Fiske, 

James B. Fiske, 

John C. Fiske, 

Rebecca M. Fiske, 

Mrs. Abigail Fiske, 

Frances Fitts, 

Betsey A. Fitts, 

Lury Fitts, 

Joseph Fogg, 

Mrs. Esther Fogg, 

Mrs. Rebecca Fogg, 

Mrs. Sarah Fogg 

Nathan B. Folsom, Jr., 

Mrs. Margaret Folsom, 

Sarah Forbes, 

Lucy G. Forbes, 

Mrs. Sarah Forbes, 

*Samuel E. Dutton of Bangor, Judge of Probate for Penobscot County, 


Wm. G. Forbes, 
Mrs. Ann M. Forbes, 
Joseph Forbes, 
Mrs. Sarah A. Forbes, 
John M. Foster, 
Mrs. Mary W. Foster, 
Mar>' O. Foster, 
Mrs. Julia Foster, 
Mrs. Cynthia Foster, 
Mrs. Lucia Fowler, 
Elizabeth H. Frances, 
Mrs. Beulah French, 
Mrs. Sophia B. French, 
Charles A. French, 
Mrs. Sarah C. French, 
Caroline French, 
J. H. P. Frost, 
Elizabeth Furber, 
Thomas L. Furber, 
Joseph S. Gallagher, 
Susan S. Gallagher, 
Charlotte A. Gallison, 
Mrs. Mary Gallison, 
Mrs. Betsey Garland, 
Sophronia Garland, 
Eizabeth Garland, 
Eliza M. Garland, 
Sophia Garland, 
Mrs. Zervia Garland, 
Joseph Garland, 
Joseph H. Garmon, 
Mary Gatchel, 
^^a^y' Gatchel, 
Elizabeth M. Gatchel, 
Benj. D. Gay, 
Mrs. Sophia Godfrey, 
Mary Godfrey, 
Mrs. Ruth Gooch, 
Stephen Goodhue, 
Mary W. Goodhue, 
Sarah E. Goodhue, 
Mrs. Mary Gould, 
Horace Gould, 
Perez Graves, 
Mrs. Eunice Graves, 
Mrs. Persis Greenleaf, 
Clara P. Greenleaf, 

Wm. C. Greenleaf, 
Emeline P. Greenleaf, 
Richard W. Griffin, 
Mrs. ]Matilda J. Griffin, 
Margaret Griffin, 
Mrs. Ruth Gurney, 
Abby B. Gurney, 
Sarah D. Gurney, 
Nathan Hadlock, 
Mrs. Ann Hadlock, 
Zaccheus Hall, 
Mrs. Sally Hall, 
William Hall 
Mrs. Judith E. Hall, 
Mrs. Laura Hall, 
Sarah L. Hall, 
Ellen Hall, 
Elisha Hammond, 
Mrs. Relief Hammond, 
Mary Hammond, 
Mrs. Betsey Hammond, 
Harriet H. Hammond, 
Moses P. Hanson, 
Mrs. Experience Harlow, 
'Bradford Harlow, 
Mrs. Nancy Harlow, 
Nancy S. Harlow, 
Nathaniel Harlow, 
Mrs. Mary Harlow, 
Mrs. Sarah Harlow, 
Mrs. Mary Harlow, 
Sarah P. Harlow, 
Samuel C. Harlow, 
Jere P. Hardy, 
Mrs. Catharine Hardy, 
Wm. G. Hardy, 
Mrs. Judith P. Hardy, 
Mary A. Hardy, 
Francis W. Hardy, 
Leonard W. Harris, 
Sarah Harrod, 
Silas Harthome, 3d, 
Mrs. Margaret Harthome, 
Washington Hartshorn, 
William Hasey, 
Mrs. Abigail Hasey, 

'Honorable Bradford Harlow, Mayor of Bangor, 1842-43. 
(To be Continued. ") 



Up from the quiet hamlets where first our fathers 

Made their stand for Freedom, and for conscience sake 
By modest farmsteads, cities facing oceanward 

Thgn through the tunnel of the night to this fair eminence 
Where before me He broad fruitful fields, and forests vast 

Lost at the horizon's distant rim, great virgin spaces 
Fit for giants' toil and gemmed with springs 
That sparkle silvery in the morning sun — 
Here let me pause, and with uncovered head 
Drink in one full deed draught 
of boundless liberty, 

and a larger Hfe! 

Eugene ]Masox Edwards. 

Society of American Wars, Com- 
mandery of the State of Maine 


At the semi-annual meeting of the Society of American Wars, 
Commandery of the State of Maine, held at the summer home of 
Philip Foster Turner, Senior- Vice Commander, at Loveitt's Heights, 
South Portland, Wednesday, June 23, 191 5, Commander, Archie 
Lee Talbot, after the business in the program had been acted upon, 
said there was a subject in his mind that he did not wish to carry 
alone any longer, but wanted the Commandery to share it with him, 
and he reminded the members that General Joshua L. Chamberlain 
had honored the Society of American Wars by becoming a member 
of the Commandery of the State of Maine, and had not only done 
this but was present at the meetings, and manifested a personal 
interest in the objects of the Society. It was a great benefit to the 
Commandery of the State of Maine, of this Society, to be thus 
honored by the highest citizen of Maine, a former Governor of the 
State, former President of Bowdoin College, and the highest in 
military rank of any of the Generals of the War for the Union then 
living in Maine. It was a personal honor to each and all of us 
that we should never forget. It lays us under special obligations 


to him. All that is mortal of him has now passed beyond the 
vision of our mortal eyes, but his memory lives with us, and with 
his host of companions, comrades and friends, and we must make 
it enduring in statue as well as in the memory of those now living. 

General Chamberlain was a Cumberland County man, and for 
several years, the last of his life, he was a resident of Portland, 
where he died. Portland, therefore, has the best claim for his 
statue. I know that I voice the sentiments of many of his friends 
m Maine, when I say that an equestrian statue of General Joshua 
L. Chamberlain in the State of Maine, is what many of the citizens 
of Maine desire. To my mind the most desirable and appropriate 
place for an equestrian statue of General Chamberlain is in Lincoln 
Park, near the Federal Building, in Portland. 

The statue of the Poet Longfellow in Longfellow Square, and 
that of the Statesman, Thomas B. Reed, on the Western Prome- 
nade, tell the story of a relined and appreciative people. Portland 
is the ideal spot for an equestrian statue of our great and beloved 
citizen of Maine. Companions will you join with me in a pledge 
to do all we can to have an equestrian statue of General Chamber- 
lain erected in the State of Maine? I know you will. Let us try 
Portland first before any other place and see what can be done. 

Commander Talbot then offered the following resolutions which 
were unanimously adopted. 

Resolved: That it is the sense of the Society of American Wars, 
Commandery of the State of Maine, that patriotic pride in the 
military achievements of her native born son, General Joshua 
Lawrence Chamberlain, demands that an equestrian statue of him 
shall be erected in the State of Maine, and be it further 

Resolved: That the Society of American Wars, Commandery of 
the State of Maine, will do all in its power to secure such statue. 

The new Maine Register for the' coming year has just been 
received at our office. This book, starting as a small manual of 
Z70 pages in 1870, has grown in size and merit with each succeeding 
year, until the present edition gives a book of 1070 pages, every 
page filled with information concerning the State of Maine. Mr. 
Grenville M. Donham of Portland has compiled the book annually 
for over forty years and the edition of today shows the result of 
bis caeful work in every page. It is a book which no man doing 
business in Maine can afford to be without. 


The Descendants of Rev. John Love- 
joy in Maine, and Reminiscences 
of Early Maine Times 

By Josephine Richards of Newcastle, Indiana. 

Rev. John Lovejoy came from the north of England and settled 
hi Andover N. H. in the i6th century. He' was the first of the name 
to come to this country. 

At the beginning of hostilities between the British and Americans, 
his son, Hezekiah, (Captain) and grandson (Lieutenant John), 
pledged **their lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honor," in 
favor of the Colonies. At the close of the war they had their Hves 
and honor left, but their fortunes were gone. Lieutenant John 
placed his belongings, which consisted mostly of a wife and nine 
children, in an ox team and moved in that manner to Fayette, Maine, 
from Amherst, New Hampshire. 

He bought 200 acres of land for $30.00 and a small frame house 
for $12.00, making $42.00 for land and betterments. Closely ad- 
joining the land is a pond., long known as "Lovejoy pond." In 
late years it has been rechristened as "Sleepy Hollow," by students 
from Kent's Hill Seminary. It is related that Great Grandmother 
Lovejoy would sometimes get lonesome and homesick and would 
gc to the shore of the pond and call to a woman who lived on the 
other side of the pond who could hear and would answer and go 
down to the shore and the two women would visit in that manner! 
The late Captain Henry N. Fairbanks of Bangor, Maine, was a 

Captain Hezekiah Lovejoy had two other sons named Francis 
and Abiel, who were scouts under Washington. They settled in 
Albion, Maine. Francis was the father of Elijah Pariah Lovejoy, 
who was murdered in Alton, 111., by a mob, for his anti-slavery 
utterances. He was born in Albion, Maine. He graduated at 
Waterville College and at Princeton Theological Seminary. Soon 
after being ordained he became editor of the "Saint Louis Ob- 
server," an influential Presbyterian paper. At first he refrained 
from taking any part in the anti-slavery agitation, but finally, 
aroused by the burning of a negro alive, he wrote an editorial 
that excited the wrath of the pro-slavery element. In it he com- 


mented very' severely on the conduct of the judge who approved 
the action of the mob. 

He moved from St. Louis to Alton, 111., thinking that he could 
express his sentiments in a free state, but his press was destroyed 
and the type thrown in the street. Soon he purchased another and 
the warehouse was broken into and the press destroyed. He pro- 
cured a third one, and he with a guard of about twenty men, was in 
the warehouse when it was attacked by the mob, consisting of 
thirty or forty men. All the glass in the building was broken by 
stones, oil poured on the roof and set on fire. Lovejoy stepped 
out to shoot the man who set it on fire, but was himself shot and 
instantly killed, Nov. 7, 1873. 

Three printing presses had been destroyed. 

Owen C. Lovejoy was a brother of E. P. Lovejoy. He was edu- 
cated at Bowdoin college and removed to Alton, Illinois, where he 
witnessed the murder of his brother. In 1838 he became pastor of 
a Congregational church in Princeton, in that state, where he dis- 
tinguished himself by the boldness of his attacks on slavery from 
the pulpit and his open defiance of the laws prohibiting anti-slavery 
meetings. From 1856 until his death he was a member of Congress. 

A few years ago a monument was erected in Alton, to the memory 
of Elijah P. Lovejoy, costing $30,000. 

I have heard my father, who lived in Mt. Vernon, say that the 
first settlers who came to that neighborhood, spent their first night 
under strips of bark leaned against a tree. I think their name was 

In those days grist-mills were few and far between, so when my 
grandfather, Levi French, wanted some grain ground, he put his 
bag on the back of his horse and rode to Winthrop, ten miles away. 
On his return journey, one time, he was followed by three bears, 
but when he reached the bars in front of the house, his good horse 
didn't wait for them to be taken down, but jumped over, and the 
bears kept on the road. At another time he was in the woods mak- 
ing shingles^ Grandmother carried his lunch to him and was fol- 
lowed by a bear. How she escaped I never heard. 

Richard French of Comville was my father's uncle. I heard his 
wife say, that her house had a window, that she went to spend 
the day with a neighbor, taking her work with her. When she got 
there they had no window, so when the door was opened a few 
minutes she hurried and sewed as fast as she could. 


David, my father's uncle, youngest son of Abel French of So. 
Hampton, N. H., was born in 1764. He married Comfort Ring 
(b. 1763) in 1783. She was a poor girl, left an orphan in infancy, 
given a home by an uncle who exacted from her all the labor she 
could endure, and for school privilege, she was allowed just to 
step across the road to the school house, read with her class, and 
immediately return to her work, however, she was allowed to work 
in a neighboring family before she was married, long enough to 
buy a large fire shovel and tongs, a kettle and spider, with which 
she began housekeeping, her only cooking utensils for years. They 
emigrated to Elaine, settling in the western part of Mt. Vernon, 
built them a log cabin in the w^oods and cleared up a farm which 
they occupied for the long period of seventy years, both dying in 
1853. Their children were William, Polly, Betsey, Sally, Nancy, 
Lucinda and David. The first year or two the father worked in 
Winthrop, a distance of ten miles from home, returning Saturday 
nights to buy hay to keep the cow and going back to his w^ork Mon- 
day morning, leaving poor Comfort to care for the children, milk 
the cow, tend the corn and drive the bears out of it, as I have 
been told she did, they were so plenty in those days. 

My grandmother French's uncle, Job Fuller and his wife Eliza- 
beth Wing rode horseback from Sandwich, Mass., to Wayne, 
Maine, going all the way, or nearly so, from Portland by spotted 
trees. She had a child in her arms and he had their household 
goods. The next year they buried their goods, for safe keeping 
and went back to Sandwich to visit their people. Their daughter 
Mary was the first white child born in the town, which was first 
called New Sandwich. 

Simeon Wing was another one active on the side of the Colonies 
in the struggle with the Enghsh and lost his property. He emi- 
grated to Wayne, Maine, with his family, which included seven 
sons. They all settled around the pond which took the name of 
"Wing pond." It is now called "Pocassett Lake," I believe. One 
of the sons, Moses, was a surgeon in the Revolutionary Army. 
Elizabeth, wife of Job Fuller, was daughter of Simeon Wing 

The former chief justice of Maine, Lucilius A. Emery, was a great 
grandson of Simeon Wing. 


The Pines of Maine 

At the eleventh annual luncheon of the Woman's Literary Unio; 
of Androscoggin County, held in Auburn, Maine, February i] 
1915, the women stood around the tables and sang the followin, 
Federation Song entitled "The Pines of Maine," written by Mn 
Elizabeth Powers Merrill of Skowhegan, Maine. 

Tall pines of Maine, dark pines of Maine, 
• With thy proud heads uplifted high 

Telling thy tales of days long dead 

To all the streams and woods and sky. 
Proud pines upon Maine's thousand hills 

Whose perfume scents the restless air, 
Whose voices soothe our sleep at night. 

Sweet as a softly murmured prayer. 

O stately green-robed pines of ]Maine! 

O sunlit lakes of shining waves ! 
O happy homes upon our hills ! 

O cherished spots of loved ones' graves! 
Tho we should wander far away, 

And know life's deepest joy and pain 
We trust that sometime we shall sleep 

Beneath the dear old pines of Maine. 

I have read somwhere or other — in Dionysius of Halicamassu 
I think — that History' is Philosophy teaching by examples. 


**Maine in Verse and Story" is the title of a new book recentl; 
issued from the press of Richard G. Badger, Boston, by George A 
Cleveland. It is a highly entertaining Volume of 275 pages con 
taining stories of Maine in both prose and poetry. Its every lin 
breathes of real Maine Hfe. It is a valuable addition to Maini 
literature as descriptions of country life, of its woods, lakes, river 
and ponds, are true pictures and rank with the best writers upoi 
these subjects. It should be in the library of every one intereste( 
in the history and literature of our state and all collectors of Maini 
books should secure it. 


Biddeford, Maine, Cemetery 

Copied and Contributed by James I. Wyer, Jr., of Albany, 

New York. 

(Continued from Page 21) 

♦Hon. Rishworth Jordan • 

son of Capt. S. Jordan 
d. Apr. 18. 1808 ae. 89 

♦Mrs. Abigail the aimiable 

consort of Hon. Rishworth Jordan 

d Oct. 25, 1794 ae. 74 

*Mrs. Jane wife of Mr. 
William Shannon & dau'r. 
of Hon. Rishworth Jordan 

d. Apr. 20, 1822 ae. 67 

Robert E. Jordan 


Feb. 14, 1886 ae. 78 yrs. i mo. 16 ds. 

veteran 1861-65 

Lucinda wife of 

Robert E. Jordan d. 

Sept. 6, 1855 ae. 44 yrs. 

our dau. 

Ellen Maria d. Apr. 2. 1856 

ae. 19 yrs. 7 mos. 15 ds. 

Ralph T. Jordan d. 
May 24, 1850 ae. 85 yrs. 7 mos. 
erected by his dan. E. A. Riley 

Mary wife of 

Deacon R T, Jordan d. 

Sept. 18, 1863 ae. 97 yrs. 

7 mos. & 22 ds. 

Elizabeth A. wife of 

Wm. P. Riley d. 

May 9, 1868 ae. 68 yrs. 8 mos. 

& 10 ds. 


The following are copied from stones in the cemetery on the southwest 
bank of the Saco river, about 1-2 mile above Camp Ellis pier. 
Capt. William Benson 
d. ^lar. 9. 1847 ae. 45 yrs. 

Hannah wife of Capt. William Benson 
d. Aug. 26, 1861 ae. 64 yrs. 5 mos. 

Hannah dau. of William & Hannah Benson 
d. Apr. 3, 1858 ae. 20 yrs. 5 mos. 

Capt. William H. Benson 

Sept. II, 1836-July 16, 1901 


Harriet C wife of William H. Benson 

Nov. ID, 1839 — Aug. 10, 1905 


Capt George Clark 

d. Dec. 24, 1891 ae. 84 yrs. 

Eunice M. wife of Capt George Clark 

d. Aug. 10, 1892 ae. 84 yrs. 

Capt. James Emerson 1840-1906 

Capt. John Falker 

d. May 12, 1843 ae. 36 yrs. 8 mos. 

Sarah wife of 
John Falker d. Oct. 17, 1847 ae. 66 

Capt John Falker 

•d. Apr. 24, 1912 ae. 67 yrs. 10 mos. 

Emma M. wife of Capt. John Falker 
d. Oct. 10, 1889 ae. 32 yrs. 5 mos. 

John G. Falker d. Dec. 29, 1864 ae 87 yrs. 5 mos. 

Capt. Nathaniel H. Falker 
d. Apr. 2, 1902 ae. 81 yrs. 5 mos. 15 


Mary E. wife of Capt. Nathaniel Falker 

d. Mar. 13, 1893 ae. 69 yrs. 8 mos. 


Cora M. dau. of Nathaniel H. & Mar>' Falker 
d. June 13, 1878 ae. 22 yrs. i mo. 

Joseph W. son of Nathaniel H. & Mary Falker 
d. Aug. II, 1843 a^- 10 mos. 13 ds. 

Lizzie S. dau. of Nathaniel H. & Mark Falker 
d. Sept. 8, 1878 ae. 16 yrs. 6 mos. 24 ds. 

Olive L. dau. of Nathaniel H. & Mar>- Falker 
d. July 19, 1853 ae. 17 mos. 

Christopher Gilpatrick 
d. Feb. 17, 1832 ae. 81. 

Sarah wife of Christopher Gilpatrick 
d. May 26, 1830 ae. 'j'j 

Harriet N. "wife of Capt. Samuel 
Gillpatrick d. Feb. 5, 1855 ae. 32 yrs. 10 mos. 

Edmund P. son of Samuel & Harriet Gillpatrick 
d. Aug. 2, 1846 ae. 2 yrs. 4 mos. 

Sarah Louisa dau. of Samuel & Harriet Gillpatrick 
d Mar. 18, 1852 ae. i yr. 

Susan Gilpatrick 

b. Aug. 2"^, 1786 d. Aug. 29, 1862 
erected by her sister 
Elizabeth Scamman 

Almira E. wife of 
Capt Thomas Goldrhwaite Mother 

d. Apr. 28, 1913 ae. 85 yrs. 2 mos. 

Mrs. Abigail Hill 
d. July 3, 1807 ae. (^y 

Capt William Hill 

d. Apr. 14, 1863 ae. 78 yrs. 11 mos. 

Lorana wife of Capt. William Hill 
d. May 29, 1835 ae. 47 yrs. 

Sarah W. wife of Capt. William Hill 
d. Oct. 5, 1S83 ae. 86 yrs. 8 mos. 


Paukne dau. of William & Lorana Hill 
d. May 5, 1873 ae. 62 yrs. 

John Holman 

d. Aug. 25, 1872 ae. 73 yrs. 2 mos. 

Mrs. Paulina R. Holman 

d. June 14, 1884 ae. 74 yrs. 11 mos. 

Capt. Rishworth Jordan 
b. Sept. 24, 1794 d. Oct. 13, 1889 

Keziah wife of Capt. Rishworth Jordan 
d. May 24, i8-;7 ae. 48 yrs. 5 mos. 

Mother — Abbie wife of Charles 
H. Kendrick, d. July 16, 1892 
ae. 44 yrs. 4 mos. 

(on I shaft) 
Abraham Norwood 
b. Dec 4, 1789 d. Aug. 24. 1844 

Nancy his wife 
b. Sept. ID, 1785 d. Oct. 30, 1852 

b. Apr. 21, 1804 d. May 15, 1829 

b. June 22, 1805 space left for death 

b. Dec. 28, 1806 d. Oct. 7, 1880 

Hester \V. 
b. Oct. 21, 1817 d. July 16, 1878 

b. June 10, 1819 d. Nov. 5, 1838 

b. June 21, 1821 d. Jan. 17, 1899 

b. Jan. 22, 1823 d. Feb. 4, 1823 

b. Dec. 13, 1823 d. Aug. 11, 1888 

Edwin L. 
b. Sept. 8, 1825 d. July I, 1826 

Abigail W. 
b. Nov. 10, 1808 d. Jan. 18, 1873 

b- May 17, i8ro d. Sept. i, 1871 

b. Dec. 2, 181 1 d. Apr. 20, 1900 

I20 brKACjLUb JUUK.NAl^ Ut MAli>JJi MibiUKl 

Mary P. 
b. Jan. 19, 1813 d. Nov. 28, 1834 

b. Sept. 18, 1 81 4 

b. Mar. 29, 181 6 d. Aug. 20, 1853 

Albert Norwocxi 1823 — 1888 

Mary his wife 182S — 1904 

Elizabeth wife of Benjamin Scamman 
d. Mar. i, 1872 ae. 85 yrs. 25 ds. 

John Stacy d. May 27, 1840 
ae. 68 yrs. i mo. 20 ds. 

Sarah W. Stacy d. Apr. 25, 1849 
ae. 75 yrs. 

Joseph Stevens 

d. Mar. 11, 1840, ae. 77 

Charity wife of Joseph Stevens Mother 

d. Jan. I, 1840 ae. 74 

(To be Continued) 

A collection of portraits of the English sovereigns from William 
the Norman who began to rule in 1066 to Victoria who became 
queen in 1837, ^^s been made by ^liss Evelyn L. Gilmore of Port- 
land, Maine, librarian of the Maine Historical Society. There is 
also a portrait of Alfred the Great whose reign extended from 872 
to 900. In all there are 36 portraits in the collection which is neatly 
bound and annotated. The portraits are engraved and nearly all 
of them accompanied by minor illustrations of a historical char- 


The Eveleth Family of Monson and 
Greenville, Maine 

A contributor (''C. H. E.") to the Historical and Genealogical 
Department of the Eastern Argus, has recently written several 
valuable sketches of the Eveleth family in New England, and in his 
last article said : 

Oliver Eveleth was born in Stow, Massachuetts, on the third 
of January, 1792. He was a son of Capt. Daniel (vi) and Betty or 
Elizabeth Hale and grandson of John (v) and Abiagail Knowles; 
Francis (iv) and Mary Hunt; Rev. John Eveleth and ^lary Bow- 
man; Joseph and Mary Bragg; Sylvester and Susan Eveleth the 

By the Stow records we learn he was married January, 1820, 
to Betsy (or Becky?) Whitcomb of Boston and their first child, 
Emily Ann, was born in May, 1821. Further than this the Stow 
account does not say, but Mr. Mcllvene wrote me that he was in 
Monson, Maine, about 1825. 

In the Crafts Family, page 613, is the marriage of Rebecca Whit- 
comb Eveleth, a daughter of John H. and Nellie Mansett of Green- 
ville, Maine. She was born April, 1865, and married September, 
1889, Arthur Abram Crafts, who was born in Ohio ; was in Chicago 
engaged in business with his father and going to Iowa their first 
child born in Spencer, Iowa, was called Julia Ellen. Two years 
later in 1893, Oliver Eveleth Crafts was born to them in Austin, 

Now the connection of these families is desired. John H. 
Eveleth might have been a son of Oliver and Betsy or Becky grown 
to manhood and married in Maine. But there are others, for John 
is a favorite name among the Eveleths. There was born in Augusta 
to John Eveleth and Sarah Hale, who was an uncle to Oliver, John 
Henry Eveleth, 181 1 to 1850, who married Martha Holman of Bos- 
ton, Mass., and left two children (both were living at last account). 
Frederick W., who married and had issue and Ellen H., who mar- 
ried in 1865, Rev. Alexander McKenzie, D. D., who lately deceased 
in Cambridge, Mass. I had gleaned from North's History of Au- 
gusta that this John Henry Eveleth was a merchant in Farmington 
and deceased there but was much surprised last September to learn 
that he died in or near Boston and that both he and his wife are 
among those "awaiting the resurrection" in Mt. Auburn, Cambridge, 


Mass. Also from the 1849 Boston Directory, Blackmer & Eveletb 
stoves. John H. Eveleth was the junior of this firm. 

Then another John Eveleth is named in Hatch's History of In- 
dustry, a son of James Eveleth and Sarah Blackstone Conners. Mr. 
Hatch only places their name in the list of their children. As this 
James must have been past sixty years of age when in 1814 he 
wedded Mrs. Conners, this list of seven children, only two of whom 
he gives birth dates, seems doubtful It has seemed as if some other 
family list had been given and in central ]\Iaine a centur}' ago beside 
ten or more children of James Eveleth there were grandchildren of 
Capt. Nathaniel Eveleth, of New Gloucester living in Guilford and 
A-bbott, beside children of John Hale Eveleth of Augusta. 

Judge Edgar C. Smith of Foxcroft, Maine, referring to the fore- 
going has since communicated to the Argus the following : 

Oliver Eveleth, son of Daniel and Betsey (Hale) Eveleth, was 
born in Stow, Mass., January 3, 1792; married February 21, 1820, 
Betsey Whitcomb, a native of Bolton, Mass. ; died in Greenville, 
Maine, June 4, 1874. Children: Emily A., born in 1821, married 
A. G. Huston, died July 8, 1846; John H., of whom see below. 
Oliver bought some land in Monson about 1820 and moved there 
with his family in 1824. He was the first trader in the town, open- 
ing a store in the fall of 1825. He moved to Greenville in 1850 and 
died there as above stated. 

John H. Eveleth, son of Oliver, was born in Monson, Maine, 
December 21, 1826; married (ist) Louise Ellen Mansell, May 20, 
1862. Children : Emily R., bom February 22, 1863, died in 
infancy; Rebecca Whitcomb, born April 12, 1865, who married 
Arthur A. Crafts, as stated in the *'C. E. H." article. John H., 
married (2nd) Hattie Hunter, October 8, 1888. No children by 
this marriage; he died November 7, 1899. He moved from 
Monson to Greenville, Maine in 1848, and opened a store there. 
He became one of the most prosperous and wealthiest business men 
of Piscataquis county, and had large holdings in timberlands and 
other real estate, also was a large owner in the steamboat lines on 
Moosehead Lake. His death was caused by his horse running 
away and throwing him violently against a stone abutment of an 
overhead railroad bridge. 


The Cabot Expedition 

The State of Maine, says the Eastern Argus, can lay claim to 
the distinction of being the first part of the United States discovered 
by white men. This is true whether we take into account the 
hypothetical visit of Lief Ericson to this region in about the year 
1000 or not. There are marks on Monhegan Island and the nearby 
mainland which indicate that the Icelanders at least called there 
at that time and also later. But those events are prehistoric, as no 
other record of them was left to posterity by Ericson and his com- 

But the voyage of John Cabot, the English explorer, in 1497, is 
a well authenticated chapter in the annals of early American dis- 
coveries. This adventurer, with his son, Sebastian, called along 
this coast in the summer of that year and took possession in the 
name of the English sovereign. It was not until a year later that 
Columbus on his third voyage, at last reached the mainland, his 
previous discoveries having been the West India Islands, far from 
the American coast. 

So it is a well established fact that Maine was the first territory 
in what is now the United States that was seen by European trav- 
elers. She has the rights of precedence over all other states always 
accorded to places and persons of the greatest antiquity. Her pre- 
tensions to the oldest and highest respectability cannot be disputed 
even by Massachusetts. Englishmen sailed through Casco Bay 
and rounded Cape Elizabeth weeks before they navigated Massa- 
chusetts Bay and weathered Cape Cod. 

Among all her other attractions and honors this is surely some- 
thing for old Maine to proudly boast of. To have been the spot 
where the English language was first heard, and where the English 
flag was first planted makes her noted above all other localities in 
this great country. It seems as though some public ceremony 
should be held, or a monument be reared, to commemorate the 
Cabot Expedition to Maine in the summer of 1497. 



Entered as second class matter at the post otlice, JJover, Maine, by John 
Francis Spragne. Editor and Publisher. 

Terms: For all num^bers issued during the year, including an index and all 
special issues, SLCH). Sing-I^ copies, 25 cents. Bound volumes of same, ?1.75. 

Bound volumes of Vol. I. ?i'.50. Vol. I (bound) will be furnished to new sub- 
scribers to the Journal for $2.LX). 

Postage prepaid on all items. 

Commencing with Vol. 3. the terms will be $1.00 only to subscribers who pay 
In ad^-ance, otherwise 51.50. 

"The lives of forvier generations are a lesson to posterity; that 
a man may reviezc the remarkable events zvhich have happened to 
others, and he admonished; and may consider the history of people 
of preceding ages, and of all that hath befallen them, and be restrained. 
Extolled be the perfection of Him who hath thus ordained the his- 
tory of former generations to be a lesson to those which follow." 
— Tales of a Thousand and One Nights. 

Vol. Ill OCTOBER, 1915 No. 3 

The Study of Maine History in 
Our Schools 

The following communication from Honorable William B. 
Kendall of Bowdoinham, Maine, is of great importance and ought 
to receive the attention of the press and school officers of our state 
as he suggests. 

Mr. Kendall as member of the Maine Legislature and in many 
other ways has done much to promote a more pronounced public 
interest in these matters : 

BOWDOINHAM, July 1 5, I915. 

E.ditor of S Prague's Journal of Maine History: 

Interest in Maine history seems to be taking on a boom, and 
doubtless during the coming winter there will be very much more 
attention given to it in our Elaine newspapers. It is a magnificent 
field for instruction of our youth for things that pertain to their 
own State, county and town. 

The Portland Express from April 24th to June 12th took this 
matter up in an interesting way by the publication of 60 questions 
of a commercial, civic and historical nature on Cumberland county ; 
offering $40.00 in prizes to the boys and girls in the High and Gram- 
mar school grades in four divisions of Cumberland county. $5.00 


to each prize winner, and a $5.00 gift to the school that the prize 
winner attended. These 60 questions aroused a great deal of inter- 
est in both old and young in Cumberland county, and I understand 
the Express called it a decided success. In this connection it is 
hoped that other papers, like the Lewiston Journal, Kennebec Jour- 
nal and Bangor papers, will put in line a series of questions cover- 
ing the county in which their paper is published, and also the sur- 
rounding counties in which it has wide circulation. 

The opportunity to disseminate some rich and valuable informa- 
tion for the youth of Maine which has been neglected so long seems 
to the writer to be almost endless. I also understand that the Maine 
Superintendents Association has appointed a committee to investi- 
gate this line for the purpose of recommending its introduction 
into the public schools of Maine. Possibly in view of even at this 
late date, and taking advantage of the State law passed in 1907 
entitled "An act to encourage the compiling and teaching of local 
history and local geography in the public schools," a copy of which 
I am attaching herewith, our educators, it seems to me, ought to 
deplore the fact that a measure which has as much merit as this 
for the best interests of a more practical education for our boys 
and girls, in regard to their home surroundings, should have been 
neglected so long in face of its possibilities for worth while study 
of all our individual towns, counties and State, and which certainl> 
would serve to arouse more civic and commercial interest and pride 
in our state in which we are unquestionably considerably lacking. 

William B. Kendall. 

The following is the law referred to by Mr. Kendall, (Chap. 88, 
Public Laws of 1907) as amended by Chap. 138, 1909 and Chap. 

159, 1911- 


An act to encourage the compiling and teaching of local history and local 
geography in the public schools. 

Section i — The Governor, with the ad\-ice and consent of the council, 
shall appoint a State historian, who shall be a member of the Maine Historical 
Society and whose duty it shall be to compile historical data of the State of 
Maine and encourage the teaching of the same in the public schools. It shall 
also be his duty to encourage the compiling and the publishing of town 
histories, combined with local geography. It shall further be his duty 
to examine, and when he decides that the material is suitable, approve his- 
tories of towns compiled as provided in section two of this act. 

Section 2 — Whenever any t^wn shall present to the State historian ma- 
terial which he considers suitable for publication, as a history of the town^ 


presenting the same, then he may approve of the publication of a history 
with the local geography which will be suitable for the use in the grammar 
and high school grades of the public schools. 

Section 3 — Whenever material for a town history with local geography 
has been approved by the State historian, and the same has been published 
by the town, and provision has been made for its regular use in the public 
schools of said town ; then the State treasurer shall pay the town so 
published a sum not exceeding $150, provided that the state shall not pay 
to any town, to exceed one-half the amount paid by said town for printing 
and binding said histories. 

Section 4 — The superintending school committee, and the superintendent 
of schools, shall elect some citizen of the town to serve with them ; and 
these persons shall constitute a board to compile a history and the local 
geography of the town in which they reside. Two or more towns may unite 
in compiling and publishing a history and the local geography of the towns 
forming the union. It shall be the duty of the superintendent of schools 
to forward two copies of said history to the Maine State Library and notify 
the superintendent of public schools of title of said history. 

Section 5 — All the actual cash expense of the said State historian incurred 
while in the discharge of his official duties shall be paid on the approval 
and order of the Governor and Council, and shall not exceed $500 per annum. 

Section 6 — The State historian is authorized to expend, under the direction 
of the Governor and Council, any portion of the amount appropriated by 
this act, in the publication of historical matter and data relating to the 
History of Maine, or in making available by- card, catalogue and otherwise, 
historical materials in the possession of the state. 

Section 7 — The marking of historical sites, as authorized by the legisla- 
ture, shall be under the direction of the State historian. 

A Valuable Ancient Record 

Honorable Fred J. Allen of Sanford, Maine, has in his posses- 
sion, which the writer recently examined, an old record book of the 
records of the Proprietors of Philipstown Plantation, which is now 
the town of Sanford. 

The meetings were usually held in Boston and Samuel Adams 
was one of the proprietors. 

There are old documents, such as deeds indentures, etc., recorded 
in this book as early as April 8, 1661. 

Sir William Pepperell was the clerk and recorded the proceedings 
of the proprietors meetings. This is of great historical value and 
Mr. Allen informs us that he intends to have it copied, by an expert 
in work of this kind, and will finally present the original book to 
the Maine Historical Society. By so doing he will add a valuable 
historical item to the Documentary History of Maine. 


Notes and Fragments 

In the window of a Bath store is an old pocketbook and near it 
a paper inscribed, ''This pocketbook was brought from England in 
1620/' The pocketbook was brought over in the Maybower by a 
Capt. Williams, a direct ancestor of Airs. Thomas Leydon of Bath, 
who was a Miss Rose Whitney, and David K. Whitney, who form- 
erly resided in Westport, Maine, who tells the authenticated story 
of the antique heirloom. The Bath Times says that the original 
owner, the Puritan who came over in the Mayflower, landed on 
Plymouth Rock with the other Pilgrims and lived for a time with 
the colony there, but later on moved and settled on a tract of land 
in what is now Watertown, Mass. 

One of the leading and most important industries of Eastern 
Maine is the Fay & Scott iron working concern in Dexter, who are 
extensive manufacturers of nearly all kinds of machinery. Recently 
they have been issuing some neat and attractive little brochures 
which are advertising classics entitled "Fayscott Facts." From 
them we learn that their plant was first established in 1881, having 
then less than ten employees while today their weekly pay roll is 
over $4,000.00. 

The Honorable George Melville Seiders, one of the able and dis- 
tinguished lawyers of Maine, died at his home in Portland, Maine, 
May 26, 191 5. He was born in Union, Maine, January 15, 1844 
and was the son of Henry and Mary W. (Starrett) Seiders whose 
ancestors were Germans and among those who settled Broad Bay, 
now Waldoboro, between 1740 and 1750. From a farmer's boy he 
became a school teacher, soldier in the Civil War, lawyer, a law 
partner of Thomas Brackett Reed, member of the Maine Legisla- 
ture, State Senator and Attorney General. He filled every place of 
honor to which he was called with ability and fidelity. 

As a public speaker and advocate at the bar he was able, forceful 
and logical. 

Fie was always a Republican in his political affiliations until the 
formation of the Progressive party, when he became an active 
member of that organization, and served for two years as chairman 
of the Progressive State Committee. 

Mr Seiders, besides being an active member of the Maine His- 
torical society and the Maine Genealogical society, was a member of 


the Bramhall League, the Cumberland club and Bosworth Post, 
G. A. R. He was from his youth a member of the Congregational 
church. • 

He was deeply interested in all subjects pertaining to Maine's 
early history and frequently wrote the editor words of encourage- 
ment regarding the work that the Journal is engaged in. 

William Cole Spaulding, a prominent citizen and leading busi- 
ness man of Aroostook County, died at his home in Caribou, July 
6, 1915. He was born in Buckfield, Maine, June 17, 1841. His 
father was Sidney Spaulding and his mother Elizabeth (Atwood) 
Spaulding. On both sides Mr. Spaulding was descended from old 
New England families and his great grandfather, Benjamin Spauld- 
ing, of Chelmsford, Mass., was the first settler in Bucklield, coming 
there in the winter of 1775. 

Mr. Spaulding was a director of the B. & A. Railroad which posi- 
tion he has held for several years past, and was connected with the 
banks of Northern Aroostook. 

He had held important positions of trust in his town and was in 
every way a highly respected citizen. 

His son, Mr. A. W\ Spaulding, recently wrote the following in a 
letter to the editor: 

"My father was deeply interested in your work and he and I 
looked forward with genuine pleasure to receiving each number 
and only regretted that it did not come oftener. 

"I hope that you may be spared many years to do the work which 
you are doing — a work that you are so well adapted to." 

We desire to extend our thanks to Honorable Isaiah K. Stetson 
of Bangor for a copy of the history of the Stetson family of Maine, 
of which he was the author and compiler and which was published 
in 1892. The Stetsons of Bangor have all been strong characters 
and men of note and their names are inseparably interwoven with 
the business, professional and political life of that city and of East- 
ern Maine. Among them have been a Congressman, Mayors of 
that city, two of the ablest lawyers that Bangor has ever known, and 
all engaged in large business affairs. 

The author, Isaiah Kidder Stetson, has himself received high 
honors at the hands of his fellow citizens, having served in both 


Houses of the Maine Legislature and been Speaker of the House of 

The ancestor of the Stetson family in America was Robert Stet- 
son, commonly called Cornet Robert, because he was Cornet of the 
first Horse Company raised in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts, 
in the year 1659. 

He settled in Scituate, Massachusetts, in the year 1634. 

His descendant in the sixth generation, Simeon Stetson, was born 
in Braintree, now Randolph, Massachusetts, October 26, 1770, and 
he died December 20, 1836. 

In 1803 Simeon came to Maine and settled in Hampden, and moved 
his family there in the Spring of 1804. 

What is now^ the town of Stetson, in Penobscot County, was 
named for Major Amasa Stetson, a brother of Simeon, who at that 
time was a resident of Boston and later of Dorchester, Massachu- 
setts, and who was the original proprietor of that township. 

From Simeon Stetson have descended this Bangor family of 
Stetsons above mentioned. 

Sayings of Subscribers 

Honorable Allen M. Phillips of Shirley, Maine: 

"I esteem the Journal very much. It is in a class by itself. It 
fills the place not reached by any other publication in Maine." 

Reverend Henry- O. Thayer, New York : 

"I was gratified to see in Honorable J. W. Porter's papers, 
(Wayfarers Notes) his account of "A Famous Lawsuit." You may 
know this ''great contest" and connected affairs directly concern 
me and that part of Maine that I am interested in. I have collected 
no small amount of materials on that big baseless claim and the con- 
troversy over it." 

Mr. Charles W. Noyes of New York, a well known historical stu- 
dent and writer, and authority on Castine, (Maine) history: 
"I wish to express my good fortune in possessing the Journal,. 

and my appreciation of the sincere manner in which it is conducted, 

and of its value as a store house for many things which might 

otherwise be lost or buried and thus unavailable." 


Honorable Forest H. Colby, Bingham, Maine : 

"I read the July number of the Journal, relating to Jackman and 
the Moose River Region, wiih a great deal of interest. I hope 
some time in the future you can give Bingham and vicinity a similar 
write up." 

General Augustus B. Farnham, Bangor, Maine: 

"Of course I will help sustain such an interesting and valuabh 
historical publication as Sprague's Journal." 

Mr. 'William H. McDonald, of the Editorial Staff of the Eastern 

Argus, Portland, Maine: 

•'Your neat and valuable publication is perused with each issue, 
and its value and interest is found to grow with its growth. You 
certainly began on the right line and 'Sprague's Journal of Maine 
Kistor>'' can with truth be said to fill a long felt want in our historic 

New Mount Kineo House and Annex 

/V\ooseHe>aci Lak^e-, Kineo, /V\aino 

In the Centre of the Great Wilderness on a Peninsula Under the 
Shadow of Mount Kineo 

On the east side of the most beautiful lake in New England, forty 
miles long and twenty miles wide, dotted with islands, and with hundreds 
of smaller lakes and streams in easy proximity, in the midst of some of the 
grandest scenery in America, is the 


recently remodeled and with many improvements added; making it second to none for 
comfort, convenience and recreation. 

It is a Palace in the Maine woods and in the heart of the great °:ame region. 

This region leads all others for trout and salmon, Sprini^ and Summer fishing. 

The NEW MOUNT KINEO HOUSE opens June 27, remaining 
open to September 28th. New Annex opens May 16, closes Sept. 28 


containing full description of its attractions for health and pleasure during the Summer 
season. First-class transp<jrtatioii facilities offered during the seasons. 

Ricker Hotel Company, Kineo, Maine, 


PUasantly situated in the beautiful village 
of Foxcroft, Maine 

We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 



Harford's Point, facing Moose Island 

Do you want a Cottage on Harford's Point 
on the westerly shore of Moose Head Lake, the 
grandest and most lovely sheet of inland water 
in all of New England, and one of the grandest 
in the world ? 

The above illustration is a view of Harford's 
Point facing Moose Island in a northerly direc- 
tion. For information, address, 

Harford's Point Realty Co. 

. - Dover, Maine. 

We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 


,^. -**^gi»ti 




Southerly Side of the Point showing Deep Cove or Bonny Bay 

West Shore 

On the southerly side of the Point is a charm- 
ing little bay or cove and the above represents 
the most southerly portion of its west shore. 

This is known as Deep Cove. 

Write us for information. 

^ Harford's Point Realty Co. 

Dover, Maine. 

(See next page) 

We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 


1^ .»--^-. 



The above shows the continuation of the West Shore 

. The above shows the continuation of this west 
shore of the same cove in a northerly direction, 
the two pictures giving you a very good idea of 
some of the beauties of Deep Cove. 

Harford's Point is about three miles above 
Greienville Junction and is a beautiful promon- 
tory of land of high eminence above the lake 
level. It is in the midst of splendid trout and 
salmon fishing and is in the heart of Maine's 
best hunting grounds where big game and game 
birds abound. It would be an attractive and 
desirable location for a sportsman's club. 

If it occurs to you that you would like to own 
a summer home on this delightful spot, write 
for further particulars to 

Harford's Point Realty Co. 

Dover, Maine. 

We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 


(Ads not exceeding three lines inserted for lo cents for each issue and 
5 cents for each additional line.) 


Bangor,- Maine, and its Attractions. Issued by the Board of Trade 
(1906) Illustrated. Paper — 64 pp. $ .50 

Collection of the Maine Historical Society Documentary History 
(Baxter MSS.) Vol. 9, 17, Cloth— 500 pp. 1.50 

Pioneers of France in the New World. Francis Parkman, (Little 
Brown & Co., ed. 1907) Cloth — 491 pp. 1. 00 

Maine's War Upon the Liquor Traffic. Col. Wing. Paper — 89 pp. .50 

Hannibal Hamlin in Commemoration of the 100 Anniversary of his 
Birth, 1909. Paper. Illustrated. .50 

History of Doric Lodge, F. & A. M., Monson, Maine. 1868-1887— 
Paper. .50 

History of Mt. Kineo Lodge, F. & A. M., Guilford, Maine, 1861- 
1901 — Abner T. Wade. Cloth and paper board covers. Illustrated — 
115 pp. 1.25 

Report of the Inland Fish & Game Commissioners 1902. Cloth — il- 
lustrated. .35 

Reports of Bureau of Industrial and Labor Statistics 1896-97-99- 
1^03-4-6. Cloth Illustrated. .50 

Colonel John Allan, A Maine Revolutionary Patriot, by John Francis 

Reprint from Sprague's Journal, Limited Ed. of 50 copies, paper... .50 

A Royal Tragedy, (Nat Wilder, Jr., Fireside Pub. Co.) Cloth— 236 
pp. 1. 00 

A novel relative to the Indian and Colonial history of Maine and the 
Bar Harbor region. It is a fascinating tale of interest to all interested 
in early history of Maine. 

Collections of the Piscataquis Historical Society, Vol. 1-522 pp. Of 
interest to all students of Maine History and contains much about 
Northeastern Bouiidary Controversy. 2.00 

Centennial Town of Sangerville 1814-1914, 100 pp.— doth. Illus- 
trated. Contains all of the proceedings with many pages of early 
important vital statistics. Reprint from Sprague's Journal. i.oo 

Engagement of Enterprise and Boxer near Portland in war of 1812. 
Rev. H. O. Thayer. 15 pp. — Paper covers. Reprint from Sprague's 
Journal. -50 


Josh Billings Farmers Alminax-1870. -50 

The World Almanac 1906-1908. (As good as new) .2S 

Biography of Hosea Ballou, by his son ^L M. Ballou— 4O0 pp. (Bos- 
ton 1852) /-' i-oo 

Maine Register 189^1900. (In perfect^ condition) i.oo 

Will be sent by mail postpaid for the above prices. Address — SPRAGUE'S 


Maine Treasurers' Reports, Governors' Messages, Rules and Orders House 
and Senate, State Prison, Bank and Land Agents' Reports from 1820 to 1829. 
A T HTTSTON. 02 Kxrhanfre St.. Borland. Maine. 


This Space is re- 
served for the 

Moose River House 

at Jackman Station, Maine, 
It is only a few steps from the C. P. Ry. Station and on the line of the 
>Id highway leading from the Kennebec country in the State of Mame to 
the city of Quebec in (Canada. It is in the midst o^ the charming and pictur« 
esqiie Moose River Valley. 15 miles from the boundary line- and is in the 
heart of the game, trout and salmon region of the Maine Woods. Comfort- 
able rooms with hot and cold water, baths and toilets and all modern equip- 
ments. Autoists should k:ep this place in mind. 

N. IV. Bartley, Prop. 




Weekly, three months for -25 cts one year, Sl.OO 
The Coraraercial (Daily and Weekly) offers advertisers, the most powerful ad- 
vertising influence that can be brought to bear on Maine trade. 



J. P. Bass Publishing Co., 


If the woodchuck or ground hog comes out on Candlemas Day, and sees 
his shadow, he crawls back to his hole and dozes again. He knows there 
will still be sharp weather. If the day is cloudy and he sees no shadow, he 
knows the hardest part of winter is past, and begins to make preparation for 
warm-weather housekeeping. Hence the doggerel as follows : 

If Candlemas Day be fair and bright, 

Winter will take another flight; 

If chance to fall a shower of rain, 

Winter will not come again. 

We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 

Magazines & Pamphlets FOR SALE OR EXCHANGE 


WANTED A Complete Set of the Agriculture 

of Maine, 62 Vols. 


Bangor Historical Magazine, 

Oct , Nov., 


Maine Genealogist and Biog- 

rapher, Dec, 




Mayflower Descendant, 

Jan., July, 


Apr., July, Oct., 




Old Times at North 

Yarmouth, Oct., 




Poet Lore, Jan., 


Massachusetts Resolves — 

May, 1815 

Ma , 1820 

Jan., Apr., Mav, 1821 

Jan., May, 1822. 

Jan., May, 1823. 

Jan., 182*4. 

Only the above dates wanted at these 



92 Exchange St., Portland 


John Francis Sprague's Hooks 

Piscataquis Biography, and Frag- 
ments, . §1.00 

Sebastian Rale, a Maine trag- 
edy of the 18th Century, .51.00 

The North Eastern Boundary 
Controversy and the Aroostook 
War. SI. 25 

Accidental Shooting in the Game 
Season, .25 

Backwoods Sketches, SI. 00 

Abo Piscataquis Historical So- 
ciety Collections, Vol. I, S2.00 

Any of the above na-iied bonks will be 
sent postpaid upon receipt of the 


92 Exchange St., Portland, Maine 

Commencin >• with the Transactions 
of the Agricultural Societies, 1850-55, 
5 vols; Reports of the Secretary of the 
Board of Agriculture, 1856-1901, 45 
vols; Reports of the Commissioner of 
Agriculturt, 1902-13, 12 vols. 

7 vols, boards and 55 vols, cloth 

A complete set is very hard to obtain 
today — contains much valuable histor- 
ical material. 

Price .845.00, or will exchange for 
books of equal value. 



Photo & Engraving 

34 Exchange St., Portland, Me. 

We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages 


Hailowell House 

Hallowell, Maine 

Worster Brothers, Props. 

Modem Conveniences 
Rates Moderate 
50 Rooms 
Steam Heat 
Cuisine Excellent 
Convenient to Trains 

Popular with Auto Parties 

Baggage Delivered To and From Depot 
Without Ejcpense 

The Shaw 


you for a po>itu)ii in tti»' Ijiisiiif.^^ Ollire, the Bankin? 
House, tlie Lawyer's onice or the Government Service 
in securinjr enipioynieiit witli excellent opportunities 
for advancement, -^uch as Cashier. Bo<jkkeeper, Clerk 
or Public Accountant. 

you for a p<jsition in the Railroad or Commercial Ser- 

OUR SUMMER SCHOOL-at S<^uth Casco. by Seba- 
go Lake. 
MORAL— If you wish to guard against failure, attend 

The Shaw Business College 


New York 



Maine's Biggest Cut 
Price Store in Men's 
Clothing, Furnishing 
Goods, Shoes and 

Simon Cohen 



The ample capital of this bank, its 
financial position and established 
reputation for conservative business 
methods are among the substantial 
advantages offered to present and 
prospective customers. 

It is the aim of the ofiBcers and di- 
rectors to maintain, and in every 
way feasible, increase these advan- 

Our equipment in each and every 
department is thorough, modern, eflB- 
cient, and we invite YOUR account 
with assurance that we are fully pre- 
pared to meet the requirements of 
present and prospective patrons in a 
spirit of fairness t^^ all interests con- 

Safe Deposit Boxes to Rent 

Guilford Trust Co. 

Guilford and Greieville, Maise 

We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages 


This Space 

is reserved for one 
of the best equipped 
up-to-date hotels in 
Maine. When you 
are in Augusta stop 
at the deservedly 

Hotel North 

BOOKS ^'t" M" »u 

VVe carry in stock a large 
and varied assortment of 
books, both old and new. 

Catalogues sent on request. 

Correspondence Solicited. 

Books Bought. 

A. J. Huston, 

92 Exchange Street 




Monumental Works 

Imported and American Granite and 
Marble. Up-to-Date Designs. Pneu- 
matic Tools. ESTABLISHED 1879 
Long Distance Tel. Office 121-2, Res. 121-S 
Works, 45 Union Square, Dover. Maine 

Straw & Martin 

Fire Underwriters 

36 Street 
Guilford, Maine 

Good Line of Books, Maga- 
zines and Fine Stationery at 
Union Square Pharmacy 

|The Dover and Foxcroft 




Customer Satisfied and Horse 
releived or money refunded 

Thisnew antiseptic Liquid quickly heals all 
cuts, bruii'-s, s;r.i*;heb. b*.<jf.s Blceciing. 
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aiid fnsure your horses heii'-h and value. 
Tbis Antiseptic Swab in 
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Or we will send d r'-t three full size 
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!,'%X^^-'''--^*ft«^-.-??»^j *^'ai'^^' 


- ? »,'v,r ), •>■— ■^^"^ l>. hS^X??"' ^'i?;^'?' * ''•^■'i 


W. L. EARLEY, Prop. 

Fishing and hunting unexcelled. Salmon weighing j; lbs., bass, 
3 lbs., white perch, i 1-2 lb., are not uncommon. Pure spring 
water. Fresh eggs, butter and cream ; vegetables from our 
own garden. Fishing tackle, sportsmen's supplies, cigars and 
confectionery. Board, $2.00 per day. $10.00 per week. Guides, 
$2.50 per day, board $1.0-3 per day. Our canoes are 50c per day. 
$2.50 per week. Team or boat will meet all parties on notice. 
Booklet and reference on request. Automobile road direct to 

Willimantic, Maine 

Telephone Connection P. O. Guilford, R. F. D., No. 3 

VVc have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages. 





has been heartil}^ endorsed by the press of Maine 
and other leadit g Journals in the country and by 
many of the most prominent men of Maine and 
New England. 

Thus we desire to call your attention to the fact that this is the 
only publication in the "world today that is devoted exclusively to 
the advancement of historical subjects and historical research along 
the lines of Maine's earh' history. 

We need the hearty aid and co-operation ot every person in 
Maine interested in this matter. If you are not a subscriber, kind- 
ly send your name and address with one dollar for one year's sub- 
scription. If you are already a subscriber, bear in mind that the 
success of the enteq^rise owes much to prompt payments. 

Spragues Journal of Maine History 



The First and the Present Con- 
gressman from the 4th District.. 13.'i 

A Maine Militia Document 1.30 

Kennebec Historical Items 141 

Hon. Klias Dudley. Political Cor- 
respondence 143 

Hero of Wescustogo 148 

Biddfford, Maine, Cemetery In- 
scriptions 151 

Henry B. Thoreau 156 

List of MfMiibers First Congrega- 
tional Church. Banqror 158 

Maine .is a Winter Resort 1^4 

The County of Yorkshire 166 

The Birthplace of the State of 

Maine 1G9 

The Sebec Centennial 172 

The Towne Family and Salem 

Witchcraft 176 

David Barker. "The Burns of 

Maine- ISl 

Early Maine History vs. 20th 

Century History 190 

Study of Local History 191 

Sayings of Subscribers 192 

Notes and Fragments 10.3 

Corre pondence 196 


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Sprague*s Journal of Maine History 

Vol. Ill JANUARY, 1916 No. 4 

The First and the Present CongresS' 

man from the Bangor, Maine 

Congressional District 

By the Editor. 


The first representative in Congress from the Bangor or Eastern 
Maine Congressional District' was WiUiam Durkee Williamson, 
a resident of Bangor, which was then a town in Hancock county, 
the county of Penobscot not having been incorporated. He 
was born in Canterbur}-, Connecticut. July 31, 1779, and was edu- 
cated at Brown University from which he took his degree in 1804, 
at the age of twenty-five, and at once commenced the study of law 
in the office of Samuel F. Dickinson, at Amherst, Mass. On being 
admitted to the bar he immediately entered on the practice at 
Bangor. At this time there were three lawyers in the town, — Allen 
Oilman; Samuel E. Dutton, who soon after moved to Boston; and 
Jacob McGaw ; and sixteen in the county, embracing Hancock, 
Penobscot, and territory now included in several other counties. 
He soon become distinguished as a lawyer of skill and ability, and 
during his entire life he maintained an excellent reputation at the 
bar and in the community, not only as an able and skillful attorney 
but as a man of the utmost integrity. William Willis in his "History 
of the Law, Courts and Lawyers of Maine," says of him: 

His advance was greatly aided by his appointment, in 181 1, as county 
attorney for Hancock, an office which the administration of Governor 
Cerry, by an act passed that year, restored to the patronage of the 

C) Now known as the Fourth Congressional District 


ex€cutive. It had passed through several mutations within a few years. 
It was originally bestowed by the courts; but in the political struggles 
for power, in the early part of this century, it was made the foot-ball 
of parties : in 1807, under Governor Sullivan, the Democratic party 
gave the appointment to the executive : under Governor Gore, in 1809, 
it was restored to the courts: in 181 1, under Governor Gerry, it was 
again given to the executive, as were also the clerkships of the courts. 
Mr. Williamson was the most active democratic lawyer in the county, 
while a majority, including the most prominent and influential mem- 
bers of the profession, were of the federal party. . This office he held, 
and faithfully discharged its duties, until it became vacant by the estab- 
lishment of the count}- of Penobscot, in 1816, when Jacob McGaw was 
appointed for Penobscot, and George Herbert of Ellsworth for Han- 

William Durkee Williamson. 

cock. The same year, however, he was elected to the Senate of Massa- 
chusetts, and held the office by successive elections until the separation 
of Maine from Massachusetts. When this event took place, he wa*; 
chosen the first and sole senator from Penobscot to the Legislature of 
Maine, and elected president of that body, as successor to Gen, Joha 
Chandler, who was chosen the first senator of the new State in Con- 
gress, By another change, during his term of office, he became the 
acting governor of the State, in place of Governor King, who was 
appointed commissioner under the Spanish treaty, and resigned the office 
of governor. But in this busy time of political mutation, he did not even 
hold the office of governor through the whole term, for having been 


elected to Congress from his district, he resigned the former office to 
take his seat in the House, in December, 1821. This position he held 
but one term, when, by a new division of the State into districts, the 
election fell to another portion of the territory: David Kidder, a lawyer 
in Somerset county, was his successor. 

But Mr. Williamson did not long remain without the honors and 
emoluments of office: in 1824, he was appointed judge of Probate for 
the county of Penobscot, which office he held until 1840; when the 
amendment of the constitution having taken effect, which limited the 
tenure of all judicial offices to seven years, he retired from a station 
which he had filled with promptness, fidelity, and ability for sixteen years. 

In the latter part of his life he was mon^. deeply interested in litera- 
ture, research and study of the Colonial hi-^tory of his state. In the 
early volumes of collections of the Maine Historical Society may be 
found a score or more of valuable papers written by him on a variety 
of subjects, all of which pertain to the early history of Maine. The 
greatest monument to his memory, however, is his "History of the 
State of ]Maine from its First Discovery, A. D. 1602, to the Sepa- 
ration, A. D. 1820, inclusive." This valuable work was published 
in two volumes in 1832. It contains in all 1374 pages, and has ever 
since been the best authority on the histor>^ of Maine that has yet 
been written. 

Mr. Williamson died May 2^, 1847. 


Frank Edward Guernsey, the present member of Congress from 
the Fourth Congressional District, was bom in Dover, Piscataquis 
county, Maine, October 15, 1866, the son of Edward Hersey Guern- 
sey and Hannah (Thompson) Guernsey. He is a descendant in the 
ninth generation from John Guernsey, the immigrant ancestor of 
that branch of the Guernsey family to which he belongs. John 
Guernsey came to America from the Isle of Guernsey and settled in 
Milford, Connecticut, in 1639. Cutter's New England Families 
(1915) Vol. I, p. 185, states that this family derived its name from 
the Isle of Guernsey, although in the early records it was spelled 
ititerchangeably as Guernsey, Garnsey, Gornsey or Gornsy. His 
mother, Hannah M. Thompson, was the daughter of James Thomp- 
son, who in 1826 married Hannah Hunt Coombs, who was born in 
Brunswick, Maine, 1806 and died 1891. 


James Thompson was a descendant in the eighth generation from 
James Thompson, who was born in England in 1593. He came to 
America in Winthrop's great company of colonists in 1630 and 
was one of the original settlers of W'obuni, Mass. 

His wife, Elizabeth, and three sons and one daughter accompanied 
him in his journey. Other brothers of his, Edward, John, Archi- 
bald and Benjamin, came over at different periods, all settling in the 
Massachusetts colony. Edward Thompson came in the "May- 
flower" in 1620. 

The Thompsons were substantial people in England, of good 
social standing, and after arriving in America took a leading part 
in the affairs of the colony. James Thompson's coat-of-arms has 
come down through many generations and is identical with that of 
Sir William Thompson, a London knight, and who was an owner of 
property in the vicinity of Boston and supposed to be of the same 

Benjamin Thompson of Woburn, Massachusetts, known as Count 
Rumford, was also a descendant from James Thompson.^ 

Mr. Guernsey attended the public schools of his native town 
and Foxcroft Academy. In the fall of 1885, he entered the 
Eucksport (East Maine Conference) Seminary. The following 
year he became a student in the Wesleyan Seminary at , Kent's 
Hill, Maine, and remained until June, 1887. In 1884 he was 
graduated from the Eastman Business College at Poughkeepsie, 
New York. He began active life May 12, 1884, when he entered 
the hardware store of Sawyer and Gifford, at Dover, as a 
clerk and remained there until August 15, 1885. After leav- 
ing the Kent's Hill Seminary, in 1887, he began to study law 
in the office of Honorable Willis E. Parsons, of Foxcroft, and 
was admitted to the bar in September, 1890. Since then he has 
practiced law at Dover. In politics he is a Republican. In Septem- 
ber, 1890, he was elected treasurer of Piscataquis county, was re- 
elected twice, serving in this office until December 31, 1896. In 1891 
he was elected town agent of Dover and was re-elected each year 
for eighteen years, serving until 1908. He represented the towns 
of Dover, Sangerville and Parkman two terms in the state Legisla- 
ture, (1897-99) and was state senator in 1903. He is a member of 

C) Litde's Genealogy of Maine, Vol. 2, p. 719. 

(') The Hubbard, Thompson Memorial, (Stewart, 1914). 


tlie Sons of the American Revolution, of the Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion, and the Maine Historical Society and the Piscataquis 
Historical Society, of the Piscataquis Club of Dover and Foxcroft, 
of the Tarratine and Madocawando Clubs of Bangor, and Portland 
Qub of Portland, Maine. He attends the Methodist Church. He 
is president of the Piscataquis Savings Bank, elected in 1905 and 
was previously a trustee, also a trustee of the Kineo Trust Company 
of Dover. 

He married, June 16, 1887, at Vinal Haven, Maine, Josephine 
Frances Lyford. She attended the Vinal Haven schools, the Bucks- 
port Seminary and the Maine Wesleyan Seminarv' at Kent's Hill, 
from which she was graduated in 1887. She is a member of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution. The only child of Frank 
Edward and Josephine Frances (Lyford) Guernsey is Thompson 
L. Guernsey, bom at Dover, February 17, 1904. 

During his service in the Maine House in 1897, he introduced the 
first bill in favor of the establishment of traveling libraries, which 
sought to make available books in the State library to people in the 
rural communities. This measure he re-introduced in 1899 when it 
finally became a law, and in its operation the traveling library has 
become so useful that the number of volumes made available through 
it at the present time reach up to many thousands annually. 

In 1903 he was elected a member of the Maine Senate and served 
or the Judiciary committee and as a member of that committee 
advoca-ted and voted for a resolution favoring the election of United 
States Senators by the people. 

As a member of the Maine Legislature he voted for Woman Suf- 

Was chosen delegate to the Republican national convention in 
Chicago in 1908. 

In September, 1908, he was elected to the sixtieth congress to fill 
a vacancy caused by the death of ex-Governor Llewellyn Powers. 
He was re-elected and served in the sixty-first, sixty-second, sixty- 
third, and sixty- fourth congresses. 

Since entering congress has served on the important committees 
on Territories and Banking and Currency. As a member of the 
committee on Territories he took part in drafting the Statehood bills 
admitting the states of Arizona and New Mexico to the L^nion, and 
helped to prepare and pass the legislation authorizing the expendi- 
ture of thirty-five millions of dollars to construct government rail- 


roads in Alaska for the development of that great national domain 
long neglected, and as ranking member of the minority on the com- 
mittee was appointed by the Speaker of the National House of 
Representatives one of the conferees to adjust the differences be- 
tween the House and Senate on the legislation. 

Was appointed by the National House of Representatives one of 
a special committee to investigate the so called money trust. The 
committee held its sessions in Washington and New York for a 
period of more than nine months; its report and recommendations 
had an important bearing on subsequent banking laws. As a member 
F . of the committee on Banking and Currency took an active part in 
the preparation of the Federal Reserve Act, the most important 
banking legislation enacted by congress in fifty years. 

In 1914 served on a committee appointed by the Republican 
National Congressional Committee to prepare a plan to reduce 
southern representation in Republican National Conventions, the 
report of the committee was presented to the Republican National 
Committee and adopted in substance by that committee. 

He is recognized as one of the leading and most influential of 
the New England Congressmen. 

Brunswick, says the Brunswick Record, has a splendid, wide 
main street. It gives the town an air of distinction and in many 
places Maine street, as it is called, is very beautiful. It seems that 
when the main highway of the town was laid out, a roadway twelve 
rods wide was built to "the sea." That is, to a point where mer- 
chandise could be hauled from ships. At that time it seemed that 
the principal shipping would be by vessels and a broad highway was 
important. In the fifty years ago items of this week it is found 
tliat train service was not ver^' extensive and the present day meth- 
ods of transportation and promptness in shipping goods would sur- 
prise one of the early settlers of Maine as much as any other of the 
m.odern ways of doing things. 


A Maine Militia Document 

The following has been received by the Journal from Mr. William 
C. Woodbury of Dover, Maine, who found it among the papers of 
his father, the late Major Charles H. B. Woodbury. 


In Council, Dec. 23, 1843. 
The Standing Committee on Military affairs to which was referrea 
the petition of John B. Bates and others of the town of Dover and its 
vicinity, praying to be organized into a Company of Light Infantry, have 
had the same under Consideration, and Report : 

That the petition appears to contain the requisite number of names 
required by the order in Council of the 19th of June last, for the forma- 
tion of such Companies ; that it has the approbation ot the proper Bri- 
gade and Division officers; and from representations made of the spiiit 
of the petitioners it is believed that the formation of such a company 
would be of general interest to the Militia in that part of the State. 
The Committee therefore recommend that the prayers of the petitioners 
be granted and the Company when organized be under the "direction of 
the Major General of the Ninth Division, attached to such regiment 
of said Division for duty as may be deemed most convenient to the 
petitioners. And the Committee advise that the Governor and Commander- 
in-Chief cause an order to issue whereby these recommendations and 
the object of the petition be carried into effect. 

Which is respectfully submitted, 

In Council, Dec. 23, 1843. 
Read and accepted by the Council and subsequently approved by the 

Attest: P. C JOHNSON, Secretary, of State. 

A true copy. 

Attest: P. C. JOHNSON, Secy, of State. 

A true copy of the original. 

Attest: ALFRED REDINGTON, Adjutant General. 


Head Quarters, Augusta, Dec. 30, 1843. 
General Order No. 41. 

The Major General of the ninth Division is charged with the execu- 
tion of the foregoing order of Council. 

By the Commander-in-Chief. 


Adjutant General. 
A true copy. 

Attest: E. PAULK, A. D. C. 



Head Quarters Ninth Division. 

Bangor, Jany. 8, 1844. 
Division Order. 

Brigadier General Charles W. Piper of the first Brigade, will cause 
the annexed order of Council of the 23d instant and General order No. 
41 to be carried into immediate effect by having the petitioners organized 
into a Company of Light Infantry and attached to the second Regiment 
of his Brigade. 

By the Major General, 

E. PAULK, A. D. C. & O. F. 
A true copy. 

Attest: T. P. BATCHELDER, A. D. C i Brigade. 


Head Quarters, First Brigade, Ninth Division. 
Levant, Febj-. i, 1844 
Brigade Order. 

Colonel Alexander M. Robinson of the Second Regiment in this 
Brigade is charged with the execution of the annexed order of Council 
dated Dec. '23d, General Order No. 41, and Division order of the 8th ult. 
By CHARLES W. PIPER, Brigadier General. 
T. P. BATCHELDER, Aide-de-Camp. 

Among the papers of Reverend Alfred Johnson of Belfast, Maine, 
(1809-12) appears the following: 
To the Inhabitants of the Congregational Society of Belfast: 

I, Alfred Johnson of sd. Belfast, Clerk, do by these presents 
release and forever, for myself, my heirs and assignees, quit claim 
to you whatever of my salary may become due for services done as 
your minister from this date and during the continuance of the pres- 
ent war between this country and Great Britain. Given under my 
hand and seal this tenth day of August, in the year of our Lord, one 
thousand eight hundred and twelve. 

Alfred Johnson. 

In presence of Alfred Johnson, Jr. 


Kennebec Historical Items 

Contributed by Reverend Henry O. Thayer, of New York. 

In 1719 Joseph Heath made a general or outline survey of the 
Kennebec river in behalf of the Pejepscot Company. He was 
acquainted with the principal Indians and visited or was perhaps 
entertained at their fort at Norridgewock. 

His plan of that survey, now among papers possessed by the Maine 
Historical Societ>', is inscribed : 

Brunswick. May i6, 1719, the date when the draft was completCi!. 
The fieldwork had been done in the previous month, or in part in the 
previous year. 

On the margin of the plan he wrote : 

"Description of the Indian Fort at Norridgewock." 

Norridgewock Fort is built with round logs 9 feet- Irnig, one end set 
into the ground, is 160 foot square with four Gates bu: no bastions. 
Within it are 26 Houses built much after the English manner ; the streets 
are regular ; the Fort has a gate to the East, is 30 foot wide. Their 
church stands 4 perches without the East gate, and the men able to bear 
armes are about threescore. 

The water of the great river and the lesser rivers and Merr}'-- 
meeting bay are plotted. 

The distance from Sagadahoc, which as the "river runs" is iii 

To the Hon. Spencer Phips Esqr. Lieut Gov. and Commander in Chiei 
for the time being, the Hon. His Majesty's Council & House of Representa- 
tives in General Court, Dec. 4, 1751. 

The Memorial of Samuel Whitney of Brunswick, Humbly Sheweth : 

That your Memorialist and his son Samuel with five more of Inhabitant: 
while at work together mowing their hay. on Wednesday ye 24th day o; 
July last about two o'clock in the afternoon were surrounded and sur 
prised by Nineteen Indians and one Frenchman, who were all arme^ 
and in an hostile manner did seize upon and by force of arms obligee 
them to submit their lives into their hands, and one of our said num 
ber, vizt : Isaac Hinkley in attempting to make his escape was killed in ; 
barbarous manner & scalped. After we were secured by said Indians the; 
destroyed and wounded between 20 & 30 head of cattle belonging t< 
the Inhabitants, some of which were the property of your Memorialist 

The said party of Indians were nine of them of Norride-walk Tribe 
one of whom was well known; the others were Canada Indians; Tha 
the Norridgewalk Indians appeared more forward for killing all th 
Captives but were prevented by the other Indians. Your Memorialiri 
was by them carried to Canada & there sold for 126 livres; And th 
said Indians when they came to Canada were new cloathed and had ne\ 


Guns given them with plenty of Provisions as an encouragement for th'S 
exploit : That the Governor of the Penobscot Tribe was present when 
your Memorialist was sent for to sing a Chorus as is tlieir custom of 
using their Captives & manifested equal joy with the other Indians 
that took them; And the Norridgewalk Tribe had removed from Nor. 
ridgewalk & were now set down on Cansa River near Quebec supposed 
to be drawn there by the Influence of the French. These things your 
Memoralist cannot omit observing to 3'e Honours, and his Redemption was 
purchased by one Mr. Peter Littlefield, formerly taken captive and now 
restored among them, to whom your Memorialist stands indebted for said 
126 livres being the price of his Liberty, which when he had so far ob- 
tained, he applied to ye Governor of Canada for a Pass, who readily 
granted it, that his return to Boston was by way of Louisbourgh where 
said Pass was taken from him by the Lord Intendants on some pretense 
which he could not obtain of him. 

Your Memorialist's Son yet remaining in Captivity among the Indians 
with three more that were taken at the same time, and he has a wife 
& Children under difficult Circumstances by reason of this Misfortune. 
Your Memorialist having thus represented his unhappy Sufferings to 
this Hon. Court hoping they will in their great Goodness provide for 
the Redemption of his son & enable him to answer his obligation to said 
Mr. Littlefield humbly recommends his case to the Compassion of this 
Honble Court who was so kind to pay for his Ransom ; Your Memorialist 
being in no Capacity to answer that Charge as thereby he is reduced to 
great want, or otherwise grant him that Relief as in their Wisdom and 
Goodness shall seem proper. 

Your Memorialist as in duty bound shall ever pray. 


1751. Captives taken. 

Saml. Whitney Edmd. Hinkley 

Hez Purrington Gideon Hinkley 

Saml. Lombard 
Saml. Whitney, Jun. 

Hez Purrington Isaac Hinkley 

Saml. Whitney Killed July 24, 1751. 

Saml. Whitney, Jun. 

Henry Sewall Webster in "Land Titles in Old Pittston" says that : 
" 'Old Pittston,' comprised the territory now lying in Pittston, 
Randolph, Gardiner, most of West Gardiner, and part of Farming- 


Honorable Elias Dudley and Some 
of His Political Correspondence 

With Notes by the Editor. 

(Continued from Page 105.) 

The Honorable Lucilius A. Emery, of Ellsworth, Chief Justice 
Emeritus of the S. J. Court of Maine, recently furnished the Journal 
with old letters to and papers of Honorable Elias Dudley who was 
prominent in the political affairs of the Whig party in Maine, when 
Edward Kent was Governor of the State and its pohtical leader, and 
who was later a Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of Maine. 

Augusta, Jan. 21, 1841. 
Hon. Elias Dudley, 
Dear Sir: 

It not being in my power to call upon you, as I intended, I take this 
opportunity to address you a line. 

Allow me. Sir, to congratulate you upon your election to the high & 
responsible office of Councellor of our good State of Maine & to express 
to you my sincere gratification at the result, & to say, that, in my opinion 
your election will give universal satisfaction. 

I feel a deep interest in the success and popularity of our state admin- 
istration, at the same time I would respectfully suggest, that very much 
is depending upon the appointments to be made by the Gov. & Council. 

Not desiring office myself, I feel more at liberty to suggest a word 
upon the subject. 

For Clerk of the Courts for Penobscot I think the appointment of 
Geo. B. Moody of Bangor would be satisfactory. It will never do to 
appoint John A. Poor, not that I am personally opposed to him, but he is 
ver>' unpopular & many would take offence at it. 

For County Att'y, I would respectfully urge the appointment of Geo. 
W. Ingersoll, Esq. of Bangor. I have made diligent inquiry & am satisfied 
that his appointment would be judicious & popular. I know him to be 
well qualified to perform the duties & he is high minded & honorable. 
Bro. A. Sanborn of Levant declines the appointment absolutely. 

Bro. Ingersoll, in my humble opinion, should be appointed. 

I think you will find that Col. Wm. Ramsdell. Maj. Burr & Mr. Hitch- 
born, if you will converse with them will concur in my opinion. 

I am, also, particularly desirous to have Jeremiah Colburn of Orono 
appointed one of the County Commissioners. Col, Ramsdell will tell you 
all about him, if you are not personally acquainted with him. No ap- 
pointment, in every point of view, could be more satisfactory to the Peo- 
ple of Penobscot & no reasonable man of either Political Party could 
find fault with his appointment. 


I would also suggest the appointment of Saml. Pratt of Oldtown as 
Indian Agent. He is, at present, one of the Selectmen of Oldtown & 
is a suitable & good man. I regret, exceedingly, that, I cannot see you in 
person, but, I have no time to spare, as I am on my way to Connecticut 

With high Regard, I am, Dear Sir, yours, &c. 


Abram Sanborn for many years a prominent and able lawyer of 
Bangor. When the Whig party dissolved he joined the Democratic 
party and affiliated with it until his death. He was a member of the 
Legislature two or more terms and was appointed one of the Com- 
mittee to investigate the "Paper Credits" charges soon after the close 
of the Civil War. 

Bangor, Jan. 21, 1841. 
Dear Sir: 

There is much said among us in regard to the appointment of a Clerk 
of the Courts. It is pretty generally agreed that there must be an ap- 
pointment, but who is the man that will be most acceptable to the people 
generally is the inquiry? Many have been mentioned, but I do not 
know of one that will give more general satisfaction in that office than 
George A. Thatcher. I have been long acquainted with him and have 
reason to know that he is both 'honest and capable'. We want a correct 
man for clerk. It is not necessary that he should be a lawyer if he is 
capable. Isaac Hodsdon gave as good satisfaction in that office as any 
clerk we have had, and every one knows the pride he takes in being 
called a blacksmith. Mr. Thatcher has had advantages — he is a correct 
business man & possesses the right kind of talents for a Clerk. And if 
misfortune & necessity can be offered as one reason why he should have 
the office, he can urge them with as much propriety as any one. I 
trust that Mr. Kent will see fit to nominate him for I think it will be 
a popular appointment. 

I am, very Respectfully, 
HON. ELIAS DUDLEY, Your friend & Servant. 

Augusta, Me. JOHN E. GODFREY. 

We heartily concur, in the opinions expressed within. 


John E. Godfrey, lawyer of Bangor and Judge of Probate, 1856- 
1880. He was a man of superior ability in many directions. He 
was also deeply interested in Maine histor}' and some of his papers 
appear in the Collections of the Maine Historical Society. His 
"Annals of Bangor" and other writings on Penobscot county pub- 
lished in the history of that county (W'ilHams, Chase & Co., Geve- 
land, 1882) are of great value in historical research in Eastern, 


Bangor, Jany. 21, 1841. 
Hon. Elias Dudley. 
Dr. Sr. 
I take the liberty to address you relative to the appointment of Reg- 
ister of Probate for this County. The present incumbent will doubtless 
be removed, and I learn that ihere are already a number of applicants 
for the station, and that some of the most influential men in the south 
western part of the Co. have proposed & recommended (or are about 
so to do), my brother, Geo. P. Brown of Newburgh, as a fit person to 
fill the place. I feel some solicitude concerning the matter and am, in 
some way, at a loss to know what is the best course to take respecting 
the subject. That my brother is qualified for the office there is no 
doubt, and could we know that in addition to the recommendations of 
influential individuals, a petition or petitions could ensure his appoint- 
ment we would forward, in the course of next week, a petition signed, 
if necessary-, by all of our "Whig" friends in that part of the county. If the 
appointment is not already made, and in your opinion such petition as I've 
just named would be likely to ensure his appointment, will you have the 
kindness to advise me of the fact as soon as you can conveniently. Please 
let me know how matters stand relative to this appointment, whether my bro. 
may be a successful applicant or not. 

Apologizing for the liberty I have taken in addressing you. and relying 
upon your kindness in this matter, I have the honor to subscribe myself. 

Very respectfully, 

Your ObdL 
CHARLES P. BROWN, of Dixmont. 
P. S. Shall be in Bangor during next week. 

Charles P. Brown was a lawyer and later became a resident of 
Bangor and was for many years a leading practitioner in that city. 

' Dexter, Jany. 24, 1841. 

Hon. Elias Dudley, 
Dr. Sir: 
I trust you will pardon me for addressing you upon the subject of the ap- 
pointments which are to be made by the Gov. & Council. I do not wish to 
make any suggestions in relation to the individuals who are filling the various 
offices, for upon this point I care nothing if so be we get good and faithful 
officers & such as are acceptable to the community. The point upon which I 
wish to make a remark or two is that by the policy of removing those county 
officers, the election of which it is our contemplation to give to the people 
my opinion is that, that measure will pass the Legislature. It certainly will 
if the wishes of the people are carried out. If it should be I cannot believq 
It would be good policy to remove the present incumbents from office 
before our election takes place. Suppose for instance the county aty for 
Penobscot (who is perhaps as obnoxious as any one I could name) wa-; 
to come before the people for an election, he could not possibly be elected, 
but were he to be removed, the danger I think would be that a sympathy 


would be created for him which might result in his election. Again if the 
election is not given to the people, I believe I speak the opinion of this 
whole community, when I say that a clean sweep of all the officers will not 
give satisfaction. I believe that a better time never did exist for breaking 
down those strong party feelings which exist than tlie present, & I do not 
believe that this is to be done by that prescriptive policy which we have 
complained so much of in our opponents. One idea more. Mr. Kent says 
in his message, is, that he is willing to give up the appointing power so far 
as the constitution will allow. I have already heard the remark made by 
some of our own friends that "the appointment of Reg. Probate & Clk. of 
Courts for Washington does look as if he was determined to do it any way. 
Now I have no doubt some good reason exists for those appointments, but 
were a full sweep to be made I could not say as much. I do not wish 
and I trust I shall not be considered as interferring or endeavoring to 
obtrude my opinions upon you by the remarks I have made. I have spoken 
freely what I believe to be public opinion on this subject, & have no objec- 
tion to your communicating the same to any one you may see fit. 

I shall be at Augusta as soon as possible again when I hope for a better 
acquaintance with you and an opportunity to converse more fully upon 
these matters. 

Very Respectfully yours, 


Lysander Cutler moved to Dexter, Maine, from Massachusetts 
in 1828, and was one of the energetic business men who helped to 
found that thrifty and prosperous town. He was for several years 
a partner in the firm of .\mos Abbott & Co., Woolen Manufacturers, 
and continued with them until 1835, when he formed a partnership 
with Jonathan Farrar and erected a woolen mill. He was a promi- 
nent citizen of Dexter during all the time that he resided there. 
In 1835 Mr. Cutler organized the Dexter Rifle Company, a military 
corps quite celebrated in its time : was chosen its first captain and 
two years later was elected Colonel of the Ninth Regiment of Maine 
Militia. At the breaking out of the Rebellion he went to the front as 
Colonel of the Sixth Wisconsin Regiment. During the war he was 
twice severely wounded and had no less than seven horses shot under 
him. He rose to the rank of Brigadier General and died in Milwau- 
kee in July, 1866. 

Bangor, Jany. 27th, 1841. 
Mr. Dudley, 

Dr. Sir: 

Permit me to introduce to you the bearer Mr. G. K. Jewitt of this city. 

Mr. Jewitt thinks of making application for the Agency of the Penobscot 

Indians. Should other applicants not meet the approbation of the Gov. .^ 

Council, I would take the liberty to say in behalf of Mr. Jewitt, that he is a 



respectable Merchant of this city whose income is small, and that I have no 
doubt he would faithfully discharge the duty of Agent 

Yours very respty. 


Bangor, Jan'y. 16, 1841. 
Elias Dudley, Esq. 
Dear Sir: 
I write at this time in behalf of a friend of mine a Mr. Joseph Chapman. 
I have signed a petition to the Governor & Council that he be appointed 
Register of Probate. I do not know that Mr. Palmer will be removed, but 
the expectation here is that he will be. If this should be the case I take the 
liberty to name for your consideration the above named Chapman, Mr. 
Chapman has resided here several j-ears and I believe his character is with- 
out spot. I do not know that he has an enemy. He is always spoken well 
of by all. He has been employed for several years as an accountant, is a 
good penman. I think his appointment to that office would be highly satis- 
factory to the best kind of our people, 
I am with great respect, 

Yours &€., 


John Godfrey was born in Taunton, Massachusetts, May 27, 1781, 
and was a direct descendant of Richard Godfrey, born in England in 

He was a graduate of Brown University at Providence and studied 
law and was admitted to the Bar in Massachusetts, and afterwards 
settled in Hamden, Maine, as a lawyer in (1805-06) at what was 
known as the "Upper Corner," He was a resident of Hampden at 
the time it w^as captured by the British in the war of 1812 and with 
others was taken prisoner and detained one night in the cabin of a 
British war vessel. The History- of Penobscot county (1882) says: 
"His house was used as a hospital, his library w^as taken by the 
British soldiers and put in to a martin-house and with it converted 
into a bonfire and his horse was appropriated by American thieves, 
in 1821. Pie became a citizen of Bangor and entered in to a law 
partnership with Samuel E, Button, He was appointed Chief Jus- 
tice of the Court of Sessions in 1823 and his associates were Ephriam 
Goodale of Orrington and Seba PVench of Dexter, He was the 
second County Attorney of the new county of Penobscot, serving 
from 1825 to 1833, 

He died May 28, 1862." 

(To be continued) 


Hero of Westcustogo 

By H. Augustus Merrill. 


The first blood shed in the Province of Maine in King William's 
war was on the pleasant banks of Royal river, in what is now the 
town of Yarmouth. It was then, however, called North Yarmouth 
or Westcustogo. Not far from the scene of the tragedy are the 
ruins of an old garrison house built some forty years afterwards but 
now tottering to its fall. 

Close at hand was a broad and sheltered bay, called in the Indian 
tongue by the name of Casco, signifying *'a haven of rest." This 
bay was thickly studded with islands. The river, though small, was 
valuable for its water power, there being two falls within a short dis- 
tance of each other. Fish and game were abundant, large forests 
of timber were favorably situated for exploration, and these circum- 
stances early attracted white settlers to \\'estcustogo. 

Accordingly, as early as 1680, we find a town incorporated here, 
under the name of North Yarmouth. This town was the eighth in 
the state in order of the time of settlement. Nearly forty famihes 
had already located about the rivers and along the sea shore, from 
the northeast bounds of Falmouth to the southwest limits of Bruns- 

The Indians were not ignorant of these advances of civiHzation, 
and they regarded the plantations at North Yarmouth as a direct 
encroachment and violation of treaties. The excellent physical 
advantages mentioned above, their burial place on Lane's Island, 
near at hand, and the strategic importance of the place in regard to 
the other towns, led them to resist its occupation by the whites, with 
a hostility more unconquerable, far reaching and deadly, than they 
exhibited towards most other settlements in the state. Throughout 
the entire war, Falmouth alone was a greater sufferer. 

The man who, at this time, had done the most to forward the 
interests of this little settlement was the enterprising and valiant, but 
eccentric and at times quarrelsome, Captain Weaker Gendall. In 
September, 1688, he gallantly gave his fife in the service of his 
friends, being cut down at Callen Point by the shot of a savage, 
while carrying ammunition to besieged settlers. At the time of his 
death the Captain had rebuilt a saw mill at the lower Falls, which 


was proving one of the most lucrative in the state. He had a dwell- 
ing house on the east side of the river, near his mill, and one of rude 
construction, for the men, on the opposite shore. 

Previous to the declaration of war in the old world, hostilities had 
broken out in New England, and the French of Canada were already, 
exciting their Indian allies against the English. But the savage 
natives of Westcustogo needed no French influence to impel them to 
hostilities, and they were soon threatening the beautiful little ham- 
let by the river. 

The house of John Royall, one of the early settlers, on the. east 
side of the river, was occupied as a fortress at this time. In early 
fall, 1688, nearly all the settlers had fled to its sheltering walls for 
protection. In order to make the defence against the enemy still 
more effectual, the authorities had ordered Captain Gendall to build 
a stockade at a point on the west side of the river directly opposite. 

The work had been commenced. Early in the morning of the day 
of the tragedy, two men, one of them Larrabee by name, were sent 
over from the block house before the rest of the workmen to make 
preparations for the day's work. 

The red men were before them lurking in ambush, and no sooner 
had the m.en from Royall's arrived than they were secured. As 
no outcry had been made the other laborers were ignorant of this 
seizure, and came over soon after to their work. Carefully conceal- 
ing their prisoners, the Indians came forth from the bushes to meet 
the new comers. With faces smeared with paint and uttering shrill 
yells, they advanced upon the little band of workmen. Suddenly 
one of the red men gave young Larrabee, a brother to the man 
already taken prisoner, a violent push. The intrepid man lifted his 
gun and shot his assailant dead. 

While firing, however, he was seized by another Indian, but was 
rescued by Benedict Pulsifer, who struck the Indian with the edge 
of his broad axe. The skirmish now became general. The Eng- 
lish, inferior in numbers, having withdrawn to a place of less ex- 
posure, a rocky bluff under the bank of the river, defended them- 
selves for a time without loss. 

Captain Gendall, meanwhile, had been watching the progress of 
the affair from the fortress. He soon perceived by the cessation 
of the white men's fire that their ammunition was exhausted. He 
also heard their frantic cries and signals for help. Against the 
protest of his wife and friends who saw the peril of such an attempt, 
the brave man prepared to assist his friends on the other side of the 


river. Taking a supply of ammunition he left the fortress. Stand- 
ing erect in a float, with a servant to assist him, he paddled rapidly 
toward the western shore. He deemed his former friendly relations 
with the natives a sufficient safeguard against bodily harm. But in 
this he w^as mistaken. Former friendship was forgotten in this 
sudden outbreak of hostilities. Before the float was entirely across 
the stream the valiant captain received a fatal shot. Throwing the 
ammunition to the men in distress, he fell backwards into the water, 
exclaiming with his last breath : 'T have lost my life in your ser- 
vice !" 

Thus perished Captain Walter Gendall, the soldier and the hero 
of ancient Westcustogo. The point where he fell was afterwards 
called Callen (Calling) Point from the fact of the men's calling 
across to the garrison for help. It is also called Cuttinge Pinte in 
the York county deeds. 

The party who had received the ammunition defended themselves 
until night. Under cover of the darkness the Indians retired to 
their favorite resort, Lane's Island, and put to death with horrible 
tortures the two unhappy men who had fallen into their hands in the 

No other whites lost their lives in the skirmish. Mr. Harris, one 
of the party, whose descendants now live in New Gloucester, was 
taken and led by two Indians holding by the hair of the head to the 
creek below Callen Point. But when one of the Indians let go his 
hold to fire upon the whites, he wrenched himself free from the 
other and effected his escape, a gun pointed at him missing fire. 
John Royall himself was also taken prisoner, but redeemed by Cas- 

The news of the tragedy soon spread through the little hamlet 
and the panic stricken inhabitants betook themselves to Jewell's 
Island, where they were but little better able to defend themselves. 
Soon after they were taken to Boston by a passing vessel and were 
scattered in that vicinity. This was the second breaking up of the 
settlement in North Yarmouth, and no further attempt to re-people 
the territory was made until 1713. And it was not until twenty years 
later that the town again was incorporated. 


Biddeford, Maine, Cemetery 

Copied and Contributed by James I. \Vy^^> J^-) oi Albany, New York. 
(Continued from Page 120) 

Capt. Edwin Tarbox 

d. Mar. i, 1884 ae. 76 yrs. 7 mos. 4 ds. 

Abigail W. wife of Capt. Edwin Tarbox 

d. Jan. 18, 1873 

ae. 64 yrs. 2 mos. 8 ds. 

Edwin Tarbox d. Dec. 11, 1887 
ae. 52 yrs. 7 mos. 

Caroline Wells 

Oct. 6, 1822 — Feb. 12, 1907 

The following seven inscriptions were copied from stones in the 
Town Burying Ground 1719-1830, Biddeford, ^le., about one mile 
from the mouth of the Saco river, on a mound formerly called Hen- 
derson's Hill. In the New England Historical and Genealogical 
Register for 1848 V. 2 p. 386 is a list of 12 cemetery inscriptions 
headed Lower Biddeford Burying Ground. An examination of this 
ground in 1914 shows the last eight stones recorded in 1848 still 
standing, tho a careful reading of them shows a few variations 
from the Register list. These variations are noted in the following 
list. The last four stones recorded in the Register, if they ever stood 
in the same burying-ground with the other eight, have now been 
removed and appear among the stones in the Jordan family noted 
above. One or two residents living near the Old Town Burying 
Ground said that relic hunters had taken away some stones in recent 
years, but as this list in 1914 reveals neither more nor fewer stones 
than in 1848 the charge of vandalism seems groundless. 

Here lies the body of Capt 
John Davis ae. 62 or 4 yrs. 
8 ds. d. May 9 or ye 12 
1752 or 9 
(N. E. H. & G. Reg. says 64 yrs.— My 12, 1752) 


Here lies the body of Mr. 
Thomas GillpatricK who de- 
parted this life Oct. 24, 1762 
in. the 88th yr. of his age 

(N. E. H. & G. Reg. says 1726) 

In memory of Mary the 

loving consort of Capt. Philip 

Goldthvvait who d. Sept. 2j, 1760 

ae. 24 yrs. 

(N. E. H. & G. Reg. 2:386 reads Phillip) 

Here lies the body of Mrs. Ann 
Hill wife of Mr. Benjamin Hill 
d. Feb. 29, 1759 in ye 41st yr . 
of her age. 

Here lies ye body of Mrs. Mary 
Hill wife to Ebenezer Hill, Jr. 
ae. 25 yrs. deceased Jan. 17, 
(N. E. H. & G. Reg. 2:386 says wife to Benjamin Hill, Jr.) 

Here lies the body of 
Mrs. Mary Hill tlie loving 
wife of Jeremiah Hill Esq. '^ 

who d. Aug. the 19th, 1767 
in the 39th yr. of her age 
(N. E. H. & G. Reg. 2:386 omits Aug.) 

Mrs. Rebekah Thomson 

The following 6 inscriptions were copied from stones at 720 Pool St., 
Biddeford 2 miles from Biddeford Pool. 
John Haley 
d. Nov. 14, 1872 ae. 29 yrs. 5 mos. 

Mary S. wife of John Haley 
d. Dec. 12, 1901 ae. 58 yrs. 

Capt William F. Johnson 
d. Apr. 19, 1878 ae. 62 yrs. 5 mos. 

Lois W. wife of Capt William F. 
Johnson b. June 6, 1816 
d. Dec. 6, 1887 



Ruth A. dau. of Capt Willam F. 
& Lois Johnson d. Jan. 22, 1869 
ae. 20 yrs. 4 mos. 

Susie E. dau. of Capt William 
F. & Lois Johnson d. Feb. 7, 1876 
ae. 30 yrs. 

The following 3s stones are in the Hilltop Bur\"ing ground (at the west 
side of the Protestant Episcopal Chapel erected in August, 1914) BiddeforJ 
Pool, Me. 

John H. Amber 
Sept. 18, 1818 — Sept. 16, 1906 Father 

Louisa C. his wife 
Sept. 8, 1840 — Oct. 30. 1899 ._: Mother 

Jeremiah B. Bunker 

our baby 

July 17, 1877 

J. B. Bunker and wife 

Frederick Alpheus son of 

Peter and Angelina Bunker 

d. Oct. 7, 1845 ae. 3 yrs. 3 mos. 

Simeon Bunker d. Jan. 19, 1864 
ae. 72 yrs. 2 mos. 9 ds. 

Olive wife of Simeon Bunker 

d. May 3, 1869 ze. 75 yrs. 11 mos, 3 ds. 

Thomas Goldthwait 
d. Aug. 3, 1871 ae. 77 yrs. 9 mos. 

Abigail wife of Thomas Goldthwait 
d. Aug. 21, 1879 ae. 82 yrs. 9 mos. 

George F. Goldthwait 
d. Nov. 20, 187 1 ae. 74 yrs. 20 ds. 

Isabella wife of George F. Goldthwait 
d. Oct. 29, 1874 ae. 74 yrs. 4 mos. 


Lauriston W. Goldthwait 

Sept. 28, 1833— May 12, 1912 


Sarah E. wife of Lauriston W. Goldthwait 
d. Aug. 4, 1891 ae. 60 yrs. 3 mos. 

Arthur B. 
son of Janes E. and Sylvina Goldthwaite 
June 13, 1879— Aug. 23, 1897 

Paul Hussey d. Dec. 10, 1832 ae. 35 yrs. 

Mary wife of Paul Hussey d. Jan. 28, 1868 
ae- 75 yrs. 10 rr.os. 

Capt. Paul Hussey 
d- May 6, 1892 ae. 65 yr?. 2 mos. 27 ds. 

Olive W. Haley 
wife of Paul Hussey d. Dec. 8, 1870 
ae, 39 yrs. i mo. 17 ds. 

Abbie E. dau. of Paul and 
Olive \V. Hussey d. June 25, 1875 
ae. 18 yrs. 10 mos. 9 ds. 

Howard W. Hussey 
son of Paul and Olive W. Hussey d. 
May 8, 1.892 ae. 33 yrs. 4 mos. 5 ds. 

Christopher Hussey 

d. 31st day of the 5th month 1834 

ae. 66 yrs. 

Eunice wife of Christopher Hussey 
d. 7th day of the ist month 1851 
ae. 79 yrs. 

Christopher Hussey 
d. Jan. 23, 1876 ae. 66 yrs. — Father — 

Mary wife of Christopher Hussey 
d. Dec. 5, 1884 ae .70 yrs. 8 mos. — Mother — 


Edward L. Hussey 

Dec. 16, 185 1— Oct. 8, 1894 



William M. Hussey 

d. Apr. 16, 1892 ae. 70 yrs. 6 mos. 5 ds. 

Mary E. wife of William M. Hussey 
d. Mar. 10, 1894 ae. 70 yrs. i mo. 9 ds. 

Gilbert son of William M. and Mary E. Hussey 
d. Aug. II, 1863 ae. 19 yrs. 10 mos. 

Jane R. Hussey 

Jan. 22, 1840 — Aug. 2-], 1907 


Sarah Hussey 

Aug. 14, 1836 — Nov. 8, 1899 


William H. Milgate 

b. Mar, 22, 1827 d. Aug. 25, 1885. 

Ellen A. wife of William H. Milgate 
b. Mar. 17, 1828 d. Jan. 23, 191 1 

Orin Preble son of William H. and 
Ellen A. Milgate d. Sept. 24, 1859 
ae. 8 mos. 

Elmer Irving son of Irving S. and 
Annie M. Milgate 

Mar 7, 1903 — May 9, 1903 

Agnes L. wife of Henry B. Seavey 
b. Feb. 20, 1868— d. Dec. 22, 1896 
Stone next to J. H .Amber & wife. 

Carleton D. son of Benjamin F, Jr. and 
Lydia M. Young 

Sept. 4 — 17, 191 1 

Here lies the body of 

Capt. Samuel Jordan 

d. Dec. 20, 1742 ae. 58. 

N.*E. H. & G. Reg. 2:386 says 1748. 

(The End) 


Henry B. Thoreau , 

Mr: Liston P. Evans, editor of the Piscataquis Observer, has 
recently handed us a copy of that paper dated May 22, 1890, in which 
appears the article that follows, relative to that great American 
philosopher, writer and naturalist, Henn,^ D. Thoreau, whose writ- 
ings gave the "Maine Woods" a world wide fame in literature, as 
well as with the people. This article was written, as Mr. Evans 
informs us, by the late Joseph Darling Brown, Esq., formerly of 
Foxcroft, Maine, a lawyer and also one of the able newspaper 
writers of Eastern Maine. 

A monument of Maine granite now marks the last resting place of Henry 
D. Thoreau. the distinguished naturalist, in the old graveyard on the hill 
overlooking the historic battlefield of Concord, Mass. For years- no stone 
or tablet invited the attention of the pilgrim or stranger to the spot where 
repose the remains of one whose name was and still is familiar to all lovers 
of nature in her loftier or milder moods. 

Recently this memorial in stone has been set up by B. B. Thatcher/ Esq., 
of Bangor, a distant relation and sympathizing friend, and one otiier relativ-e. 
The names of his father and mother interred there are inscribed upon the 

It was fitting that this tribute to his memory should be taken from the 
quarries of the State in whose deep forest shades he delighted to wander 
and meditate upon the sublime works of nature. In the wilderness, upon 
our mountain sides, paddling his light canoe over the bosom of our silver 
lakes, threading his waj^ up our rivers and braving their cataracts to gratifj' 
a life passion that had taken possession of his inmost soul, he first made 
known to the outside world the grandeur and beauty of our scenery, the 
extent of wild domain, and the richness of our ornithology, vegetable and 
animal life. He was to Maine what Audobon was to the entire country. 
His first visit to the State was in 1846, when he made his way nearly to the 
summit of Mt. Katahdin, which but few white men had before ascended. 
Again in 1853, he penetrated as far as Chesuncook Lake. Later, in 1857, 
in the month of July, he made his last visit to the forests of Maine, going 
up over Moosehead, down the west branch, across the Chesuncook. up the 
Umbazooksus stream, over the lake of the same name, Mud Pond Carry 
and Chamberlain Lake,